Maggie McNamara

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Maggie McNamara
Maggie McNamara.jpg
McNamara on the April 1950 cover of Life
BornMarguerite McNamara
(1929-06-18)June 18, 1929
New York City, New York, U.S.
DiedFebruary 18, 1978(1978-02-18) (aged 48)
New York City, New York, U.S.
Cause of death
Barbiturate overdose
Resting place
Saint Charles Cemetery
NationalityAmerican
EducationTextile High School
OccupationActress, model
Years active1951–1964
Spouse(s)David Swift (m.1951–?)
 
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Maggie McNamara
Maggie McNamara.jpg
McNamara on the April 1950 cover of Life
BornMarguerite McNamara
(1929-06-18)June 18, 1929
New York City, New York, U.S.
DiedFebruary 18, 1978(1978-02-18) (aged 48)
New York City, New York, U.S.
Cause of death
Barbiturate overdose
Resting place
Saint Charles Cemetery
NationalityAmerican
EducationTextile High School
OccupationActress, model
Years active1951–1964
Spouse(s)David Swift (m.1951–?)

Marguerite "Maggie" McNamara (June 18, 1929 – February 18, 1978) was an American stage, film, and television actress and model.[1]

McNamara began her career as a teenage fashion model. She made her Broadway stage debut in 1951 replacing Barbara Bel Geddes in F. Hugh Herbert's hit play The Moon Is Blue. She later reprised the role in the controversial 1953 film version directed by Otto Preminger. She earned an Academy Award nomination for Best Actress for her role in the film.

By the mid-1950s, McNamara's career began to decline. She appeared in two films after The Moon Is Blue and made her final film in 1963. After five guest-starring roles in television series in early 1960s, she retired from acting. For the remainder of her life, she worked as a typist in New York City. In February 1978, McNamara died of a barbiturate overdose at the age of 48.

Early life[edit]

Born in New York City, McNamara was one of four children born to Irish American parents. Her mother was born in England to Irish parents.[2] Her parents divorced when she was nine years old.

She attended Textile High School in New York and worked as a teen model while studying drama and dance.[3] McNamara became one of the most successful models of John Robert Powers' modeling agency. She later commented on her modeling days:

"I was terrible shy and I used to work on myself to keep from showing it. When I was facing a camera I pretended that neither it nor the photographer were there. I played a game with myself according to the clothes I was wearing. [..] You have to feel right in what you are wearing, to have it look right. Just as each period has its own fashion, each person has his own style. When you find it I think you should stay with it. When I was modeling I had to dress exactly as Vogue wanted the picture to be. But any good quality becomes something else when it is overdone and I feel that this applies to being too clothes conscious. I don't care what the fashion dictator says. I will not follow if it's not right for me. But your over-all impression consists of more than clothes. Your grooming, posture, the sound of your voice and your perfume play a part in the total picture you create."[2]

During her modeling career, McNamara appeared on the April 1950 cover of Life magazine. After seeing her photo, David O. Selznick reportedly offered her a film contract. She turned it down and continued to model while also studying dance and acting.[4]

Career[edit]

In 1951, McNamara began her professional acting career when she was cast as Patty O'Neill in the Chicago stage production of The Moon Is Blue. Written by F. Hugh Herbert, the play was already a Broadway hit starring Barbara Bel Geddes.[5] In June 1952, McNamara took over Bel Geddes' part in the Broadway production when Bel Geddes went on summer vacation.[6]

In 1953, McNamara went to Hollywood to reprise her role in Otto Preminger's film adaptation of The Moon Is Blue. The film was highly controversial at the time due to its sexual themes and frank dialogue (the play and the film contain the words "virgin", "pregnant" and "seduce"). As a result, the film failed to secure the seal of approval from the MPAA. United Artists, who produced The Moon Is Blue, decided to release the film anyway.[7] It was promptly banned in Kansas, Ohio, and Maryland and given a "Condemned" rating by the National Legion of Decency.[7][8] Despite the controversy, the film was a success and earned $3.5 million at the box office.[9] While box office returns were strong, The Moon Is Blue received mixed reviews.[10] McNamara's performance earned her an Academy Award nomination for Best Actress and a BAFTA nomination for Most Promising Newcomer to Film.

After filming, McNamara signed with 20th Century Fox and was cast in the 1954 romantic drama film Three Coins in the Fountain. The film was generally well received and helped to boost McNamara's popularity. The following year, she co-starred opposite Richard Burton in the biographical film Prince of Players. Although McNamara's career started off well, she made only one more film after Prince of Players. Part of the reason why her career stalled has been attributed to her refusal to move to Los Angeles. She also reportedly refused to do publicity for her films or pose for the cheesecake shots that studios generally expected their female stars to do. Others have attributed her career troubles to emotional problems. In his 1977 memoir, director Otto Preminger wrote that, "Maggie suffered greatly after becoming a star. Something went wrong with her marriage to director David Swift. She suffered a nervous breakdown."[4]

After 1955, McNamara failed to secure any film or television work for the remainder of the decade. In 1962, she returned to acting in the Broadway play Step on a Crack. The following year, Otto Preminger cast her in a small role in The Cardinal. It proved to be her final film role.[4] In 1963, McNamara turned to television. She guest-starred on an episode of Ben Casey and starred as the title character in the Season 5 Twilight Zone episode "Ring-a-Ding Girl". McNamara's last onscreen appearance was in the July 1964 episode of The Alfred Hitchcock Hour entitled "Body in the Barn", opposite Lillian Gish.

Personal life[edit]

In March 1951, McNamara married actor/director David Swift.[11] The couple had no children and they later divorced. McNamara never remarried.[12] After her divorce, she had a relationship with screenwriter Walter Bernstein.[4]

Later years and death[edit]

After her last onscreen role in 1964, McNamara fell out of public view. She reportedly worked temp jobs as a typist.[4]

On February 18, 1978, McNamara was found dead on the couch of her New York City apartment. She had taken a deliberate overdose of sleeping pills and tranquilizers and left a suicide note on her piano.[3][4] According to police reports, she had a history of mental illness.[13] She is interred in Saint Charles Cemetery in Farmingdale, New York.[14]

Filmography[edit]

YearTitleRoleNotes
1953The Moon Is BluePatty O'NeillNominated: Best Actress in a Leading Role
Nominated: Most Promising Newcomer to Film BAFTA Award
1953Die Jungfrau auf dem DachTouristUncredited
Alternative title: The Girl on the Roof
1954Three Coins in the FountainMaria Williams
1955Prince of PlayersMary Devlin Booth
1963The CardinalFlorrie Fermoyle
1963Ben CaseyDede BlakeEpisode: "The Last Splintered Spoke of the Old Burlesque Wheel"
1963The Twilight ZoneBarbara "Bunny" BlakeEpisode: "Ring-a-Ding Girl"
1964The Great AdventureLaura DrakeEpisode: "The Colonel from Connecticut"
1964The Greatest Show on EarthMoira O'KelleyEpisode: "Clancy"
1964The Alfred Hitchcock HourCamillaEpisode: "Body in the Barn"

References[edit]

  1. ^ Obituary Variety, March 22, 1978, page 46.
  2. ^ a b "Maggie McNamara Is Just as on Screen" by Lydia Lane, San Antonio Express-News, June 11, 1954, p. 29
  3. ^ a b Brettell, Andrew; King, Noel; Kennedy, Damien; Imwold, Denise (2005). Cut!: Hollywood Murders, Accidents, and Other Tragedies. Leonard, Warren Hsu; von Rohr, Heather. Barrons Educational Series. p. 277. ISBN 0-7641-5858-9. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f Bell, Arthur (March 20, 1978). "Bell Tells: Goodbye, Maggie". The Village Voice. p. 86. Retrieved January 5, 2013. 
  5. ^ "A Tidy Little Gold Mine". Life (Time Inc) 30 (14): 87. ISSN 0024-3019. 
  6. ^ "Miss McNamara to Sub For Miss Bel Geddes". Billboard (Nielsen Business Media, Inc.): 48. April 26, 1952. ISSN 0006-2510. 
  7. ^ a b "Hullabaloo Over 'Moon Is Blue". Life (Time Inc) 35 (2): 71. July 13, 1953. ISSN 0024-3019. 
  8. ^ Hirsch, Foster (2007). Otto Preminger: The Man Who Would Be King. Knopf. p. 197. ISBN 978-0-375-41373-5. 
  9. ^ Fujiwara, Chris (2009). The World and Its Double: The Life and Work of Otto Preminger. Macmillan. p. 146. ISBN 0-86547-995-X. 
  10. ^ Musser, Charles; Bowser, Eileen; Schatz, Thomas; Crafton, Donald (1994). History of the American Cinema: Transforming the screen, 1950-1959 7. University of California Press. p. 90. ISBN 0-520-24966-6. 
  11. ^ "Hedda Hopper". The Los Angeles Times. March 19, 1952. p. C8. 
  12. ^ "Maggie McNamara Dies". The Victoria Advocate. March 17, 1978. p. 5A. Retrieved January 1, 2013. 
  13. ^ Katz, Ephraim (1994). The Film Encyclopedia: The Most Comprehensive Encyclopedia of World Cinema in a Single Volume (2 ed.). HarperCollins Publishers. p. 877. ISBN 0-06-273089-4. 
  14. ^ Roberts, Jerry (2012). The Hollywood Scandal Almanac: 12 Months of Sinister, Salacious and Senseless History!. The History Press. p. 59. ISBN 1-609-49702-3. 

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