Magdala

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Magdala Archaeological site near the Sea of Galilee

Magdala (Aramaic: מגדלא / Magdala, meaning "elegant", "great", or "tower" (viz. "great place"); Hebrew: מגדל / Migdal, meaning "tower"; Arabic: قرية المجدل / Qariyat al-Majdal) is the name of at least two places in ancient Israel mentioned in the Jewish Talmud and one place that may be mentioned in the Christian New Testament. Magdala was also a high stronghold in Ethiopia that was taken on April 13, 1868, by Sir Robert Napier, created Baron Napier of Magdala.

Disputed location names[edit]

The New Testament makes one disputable mention of a place called Magdala. Matthew 15:39 of the King James' Version (KJV) reads, "And he [Jesus] sent away the multitude, and took ship, and came into the coasts of Magdala". However, the most reliable Greek manuscripts give the name of the place as "Magadan", and more modern scholarly translations (such as the Revised Version) follow this. Although some commentators[1] state confidently that the two refer to the same place, others[2] dismiss the substitution of Magdala for Magadan as simply "to substitute a known for an unknown place". The parallel passage in Mark's gospel[8:10] gives (in the majority of manuscripts) a quite different place name, Dalmanutha, although a handful of manuscripts give either Magdala or Magadan[3] presumably by assimilation to the Matthean text—believed in ancient times to be older than that of Mark, though this opinion has now been reversed.

Stone with Menorah that was found in the Archaeological site inside the Synagogue area

The Jewish Talmud distinguishes between two Magdalas only.[4]

Mary Magdalene[edit]

All four gospels[5] refer to a follower of Jesus called Mary Magdalene, and it is usually assumed [6] that this means "Mary from Magdala". There is no biblical information to indicate whether this was her home or her birthplace. Most Christian scholars assume that she was from the place the Talmud calls Magdala Nunayya, and that this is also where Jesus landed on the occasion recorded by Matthew.[4]

Josephus[edit]

Josephus mentions a wealthy Galilean town, destroyed by the Romans in the Jewish War (III, x,) that has the Greek name Tarichaeae from its prosperous fisheries. Josephus does not give its Hebrew name. Some authors[7] identify this with Magdala.

Excavations[edit]

Current excavations at Magdala are called The Magdala Center Project, [8] with up-to-date information provided on a web-log.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Jones, 1994
  2. ^ Horton, 1907
  3. ^ Throckmorton, 1992, p. 96
  4. ^ a b Merk, August. "Magdala." The Catholic Encyclopedia. Vol. 9. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1910. 31 Oct. 2009 <http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/09523a.htm>.
  5. ^ Matthew 27:56,61,Matthew 28:1, Mark 16:9, Luke 8:2, John 20:1,18
  6. ^ http://www.churchisraelforum.com/Magdala_home_of_Mary_Magdalene.htm
  7. ^ Achtemeier, 1996
  8. ^ http://israelpalestineguide.wordpress.com/2010/10/02/visiting-the-current-excavations-at-magdala/
  9. ^ http://magdalaisrael.wordpress.com/page/2/

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 32°50′21″N 35°30′27″E / 32.83917°N 35.50750°E / 32.83917; 35.50750