Maffia

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Maffia
Maffie
Participant in World War I
Mafie.jpg
Members of Maffia
Active1914 - 1918
Ideologycollaboration, espionage, subversion, separatism
LeadersTomáš Garrigue Masaryk
Edvard Beneš
Karel Kramář
Milan Rastislav Štefánik
HeadquartersParis,  France
Area of
operations
 Bohemia
 Moravia
 Silesia
 Hungary
 Poland
Strengthover 200 members
AlliesAllied Powers
Czechoslovak National Council
Czechoslovak Legion
OpponentsCentral Powers
 Austria-Hungary
 
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For type of organized criminal syndicate, see Mafia.
Maffia
Maffie
Participant in World War I
Mafie.jpg
Members of Maffia
Active1914 - 1918
Ideologycollaboration, espionage, subversion, separatism
LeadersTomáš Garrigue Masaryk
Edvard Beneš
Karel Kramář
Milan Rastislav Štefánik
HeadquartersParis,  France
Area of
operations
 Bohemia
 Moravia
 Silesia
 Hungary
 Poland
Strengthover 200 members
AlliesAllied Powers
Czechoslovak National Council
Czechoslovak Legion
OpponentsCentral Powers
 Austria-Hungary

Maffia (Maffie or Mafie in Czech) was a secret organization acting during the Great War. It was founded after emigration of Thomas Masaryk in 1914 by Czech politician Edvard Beneš, who later became second president of Czechoslovakia, and others main anti-royalist (Karel Kramář, Alois Rašín, Josef Scheiner and Přemysl Šámal). Maffia was based on the principles of Sicilian mafia (name "Maffia"), it was central part od the First Czechoslovak Resistance and its main objective was to overthrow the Emperor of Austria and the the disintegration of his country. Maffia plot against Austria-Hungary and Central Powers was revealed by police in 1915, some members of Maffia (Karel Kramář, Alois Rašín, Vincent Červinka and Josef Zamazal) were arrested and sentenced to death (they were later amnestied by emperor Charles I.) and Edvard Beneš escaped from Austria-Hungary to Switzerland, but subversive activities of Maffia continued, under the leadership of Přemysl Šámal, until the end of the First World War. Maffia had over 200 members and it was supported from aboard (USA, Italy etc.).