Madrid–Barajas Airport

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Adolfo Suárez
Madrid–Barajas Airport[1]

Aeropuerto Adolfo Suárez Madrid-Barajas
Barajas overview1.jpg
IATA: MADICAO: LEMD
Summary
Airport typePublic
OperatorAena
ServesMadrid, Spain
Location
Hub for
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL610 m / 2,000 ft
Coordinates40°28′20″N 003°33′39″W / 40.47222°N 3.56083°W / 40.47222; -3.56083Coordinates: 40°28′20″N 003°33′39″W / 40.47222°N 3.56083°W / 40.47222; -3.56083
Websiteaena-aeropuertos.es
Map
MAD is located in Madrid
MAD
MAD
Location within Madrid
Runways
DirectionLengthSurface
mft
14R/32L4,10013,451Asphalt
18L/36R3,50011,482Asphalt
14L/32R3,50011,482Asphalt
18R/36L4,34914,268Asphalt / Concrete
Statistics (2013)
Passengers39,729,027(Increase2.5%)
Aircraft Movements333,065(Increase4.9%)
Cargo345,802(Increase4.4%)
Economic impact$10.9 billion[2]
Sources: Passenger Traffic, AENA[3]
Spanish AIP, AENA[4]
 
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Adolfo Suárez
Madrid–Barajas Airport[1]

Aeropuerto Adolfo Suárez Madrid-Barajas
Barajas overview1.jpg
IATA: MADICAO: LEMD
Summary
Airport typePublic
OperatorAena
ServesMadrid, Spain
Location
Hub for
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL610 m / 2,000 ft
Coordinates40°28′20″N 003°33′39″W / 40.47222°N 3.56083°W / 40.47222; -3.56083Coordinates: 40°28′20″N 003°33′39″W / 40.47222°N 3.56083°W / 40.47222; -3.56083
Websiteaena-aeropuertos.es
Map
MAD is located in Madrid
MAD
MAD
Location within Madrid
Runways
DirectionLengthSurface
mft
14R/32L4,10013,451Asphalt
18L/36R3,50011,482Asphalt
14L/32R3,50011,482Asphalt
18R/36L4,34914,268Asphalt / Concrete
Statistics (2013)
Passengers39,729,027(Increase2.5%)
Aircraft Movements333,065(Increase4.9%)
Cargo345,802(Increase4.4%)
Economic impact$10.9 billion[2]
Sources: Passenger Traffic, AENA[3]
Spanish AIP, AENA[4]

Adolfo Suárez Madrid–Barajas Airport (Spanish: Aeropuerto Adolfo Suárez Madrid-Barajas [(a)eɾoˈpwerto aˈðolfo ˈswaɾeθ maˈðɾi(ð) βaˈɾaxas]) (IATA: MADICAO: LEMD)[5] is the main international airport serving Madrid in Spain. In 2011 and 2010, over 49 million passengers used Madrid–Barajas,[3] making it the country's largest and busiest airport, and in 2013 it was Europe's sixth busiest airport. It opened in 1928, and has grown to be one of the most important aviation centres of Europe. Located within the city limits of Madrid, just 9 km (5.6 mi) from the city's financial district and 13 km (8.1 mi) northeast of the Puerta del Sol, Madrid's historic centre. The airport name derives from the adjacent district of Barajas, which has its own metro station on the same rail line serving the airport.

The Madrid–Barcelona air shuttle service, known as the "Puente Aéreo" (in Spanish), literally called "Air Bridge", is the second busiest air route in Europe after İstanbul Atatürk and İzmir,[6] with the highest number of flight operations (55 daily) in 2012.[7] The schedule has been reduced since February 2008, when the Madrid–Barcelona high-speed rail line was opened, covering the distance in 2½ hours, and quickly became popular. Barajas serves as the gateway to the Iberian peninsula from the rest of Europe and the world, and is a particularly key link between Europe and Latin America. The airport is the primary hub and maintenance base for Iberia. Consequently, Iberia is responsible for more than 60 percent of Barajas' traffic.

Following the death of former Spanish Prime Minister, Adolfo Suárez, the Spanish Ministerio de Fomento has announced[8] that the airport is to be renamed to Aeropuerto Adolfo Suárez, Madrid–Barajas. This renaming seeks recognition for Suárez's role as the first Prime Minister of Spain after the restoration of democracy and his key participation in the Spanish Transition to Democracy after Franco's Dictatorship. Further details on the renaming process are still unknown.

History[edit]

Terminal 4 landside area
Terminal 4 departures area

The airport was constructed in 1927, opening to national and international air traffic on 22 April 1931, although regular commercial operations began two years later. A small terminal was constructed with a capacity for 30,000 passengers a year, in addition to several hangars and the building of the Avión Club. The first regular flight was established by Lineas Aéreas Postales Españolas (LAPE) with its line to Barcelona. Later, in the 1930s international flights started to serve some European and African destinations.

Originally, the flight field was a large circle bordered in white with the name of Madrid in its interior, unpaved, consisting of land covered with natural grass. It was not until the 1940s that the flight field was paved and new runways were designed. The first runway which started operation in 1944 was 1,400 metres long and 45 metres wide. By the end of the decade the airport had three runways, none of which exists today. In the late 1940s, scheduled flights to Latin America and the Philippines started.

In the 1950s, the airport supported over half a million passengers, increasing to 5 runways and scheduled flights to New York City began. The National Terminal, currently T2, began construction in 1954, and was inaugurated later that year. In the Plan of Airports of 1957, Barajas Airport is classified as a first-class international airport. By the 1960s, large jets were landing at Barajas, and the growth of traffic mainly as a result of tourism exceeded forecasts. At the beginning of the decade, the airport reached the 1.2 million passengers, double that envisaged in the Plan of Airports of 1957.

In the 1970s, with the boom in tourism and the arrival of the Boeing 747, the airport reached 4 million passengers, and began the construction of the international terminal (current T1). In 1974, Iberia, L.A.E. introduced the shuttle service between Madrid and Barcelona, a service with multiple daily frequencies and available without prior reservation.

The 1982 FIFA World Cup brought significant expansion and modernisation of the airport's two existing terminals.

In the 1990s, the airport expanded further. In 1994, the first cargo terminal was constructed, and the control tower was renovated. In 1997, it opened the North Dock, which is used as an exclusive terminal for Iberia's Schengen flights. In 1998, it inaugurated a new control tower, 71 m tall, and then in 1999 the new South Dock opened, which implies an expansion of the international terminal. During this time, the distribution of the terminals changed: The south dock and most of the International Terminal were now called T1, the rest of the International Terminal and Domestic Terminal were now called T2 and the north dock was called T3.

In November 1998, the new runway 18R-36L started operations (replacing the previous 18–36), 4,400 m long, one of the largest in Europe under expansion plans called Major Barajas. In 2000, it began the construction of new terminals T4 and its satellite, T4S, designed by architects Antonio Lamela and Richard Rogers, and two parallel runways to the existing ones.

The new terminals and runways were completed in 2004, but administrative delays and equipment, as well as the controversy over the redeployment of terminals, delayed service until 5 February 2006.

In 2007, the airport processed more than 52 million passengers.

Barajas today[edit]

Terminal 4, designed by Antonio Lamela and Richard Rogers (winning team of the 2006 Stirling Prize), and TPS Engineers, (winning team of the 2006 IStructE Award for Commercial Structures)[9] was built by Ferrovial[10] and inaugurated on 5 February 2006. Terminal 4 is one of the world's largest airport terminals in terms of area, with 760,000 square meters (8,180,572 square feet) in separate landside and airside structures. It consists of a main building, T4 (470,000 m²), and a satellite building, T4S (290,000 m²), which are approximately 2.5 km apart. The new Terminal 4 is meant to give passengers a stress-free start to their journey. This is managed through careful use of illumination, with glass panes instead of walls, and numerous domes in the roof which allow natural light to pass through. With this new addition, Barajas is designed to handle 70 million passengers annually.

During the construction of Terminal 4, two more runways (15L/33R and 18L/36R) were constructed to aid in the flow of air traffic arriving and departing from Barajas. These runways were officially inaugurated on 5 February 2006 (together with the terminals), but had already been used on several occasions beforehand to test flight and air traffic manoeuvres. Thus, Barajas came to have four runways: two on a north–south axis and parallel to each other (separated by 1.8 km) and two on a northwest–southeast axis (and separated by 2.5 km). This allowed simultaneous takeoffs and landings into the airport, allowing 120 operations an hour (one takeoff or landing every 30 seconds).

Terminals 1, 2 and 3 are adjacent terminals that are home to SkyTeam and Star Alliance airlines, as well as Air Europa. Terminal 4 is home to Iberia, its franchise Air Nostrum and all Oneworld partner airlines. Gate numbers are continuous in terminals 1, 2 and 3 (A1 to E89), but are separately numbered in terminal 4.

Barajas was voted "Best Airport" in the 2008 Condé Nast Traveller Reader Awards.[11]

In December 2010, the Spanish government announced plans to tender Madrid-Barajas airport to companies in the private sector for a period of up to 40 years.[12]

On 27 January 2012, Spanair suspended all flights affecting Madrid-Barajas as well as other domestic and international connections.[13] On 20 September 2012, both runways 15/33 were renamed as 14R/32L (the longest) and 14L/32R (the shortest).

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

Air Nostrum ATR 72-600 taxiing at Barajas Airport.
Air Europa Boeing 737-800 taxiing at Barajas Airport.
Iberia Airbus A320 taxiing at Barajas Airport.
Iberia Express Airbus A320 taxiing at Barajas Airport.
Cubana de Aviación Ilyushin Il-96 taxiing at Barajas Airport.
Air France Airbus A320 taxiing at Barajas Airport.
AirlinesDestinationsTerminal
Aegean AirlinesAthens2
Aer LingusDublin1
AeroflotMoscow-Sheremetyevo1
Aerolíneas ArgentinasBuenos Aires-Ezeiza1
AeroméxicoMexico City1
Air AlgérieAlgiers4
Air BerlinBerlin-Tegel, Düsseldorf4
Air CanadaSeasonal: Toronto-Pearson1
Air ChinaBeijing-Capital, São Paulo-Guarulhos1
Air EuropaBuenos Aires-Ezeiza, Cancún, Caracas, Dakar, Havana, La Romana, Lima, London-Gatwick, Miami (resumes 30 May 2014),[14] Montevideo, New York-JFK, Punta Cana, Salvador da Bahia, San Juan (begins 22 May 2014),[15] Santa Cruz de la Sierra, Santo Domingo, Santiago de Chile,[16] São Paulo-Guarulhos
Seasonal: Las Vegas (begins 27 July 2014)[17]
1
Air EuropaAlicante (begins 9 June 2014), A Coruña, Amsterdam, Asturias, Barcelona, Bilbao, Brussels, Frankfurt, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Ibiza, Lanzarote, Milan-Malpensa, Munich, Palma de Mallorca, Paris-Orly, Rome-Fiumicino, Tenerife-North, Tenerife-South, Vigo
Seasonal: Menorca
2
Air Europa
operated by Privilege Style
Lisbon2
Air Europa
operated by Swiftair
Asturias, Badajoz, Bilbao, Málaga, Valencia, Vigo2
Air FranceParis-Charles de Gaulle2
Air MoldovaChişinău1
Air TransatSeasonal :Montréal-Trudeau, Toronto-Pearson1
AlitaliaRome-Fiumicino2
American AirlinesDallas/Fort Worth, Miami, New York-JFK4
AviancaBogotá, Cali, Medellín4 (To change to T1)
Blue AirBucharest1
Boliviana de AviaciónSanta Cruz de la Sierra1
British AirwaysLondon-Heathrow4
British Airways
operated by BA CityFlyer
London-City4
Brussels AirlinesBrussels2
Bulgaria AirSofia4
Ceiba Intercontinental Airlines
operated by White Airways
Malabo4
Conviasa
operated by Orbest
Caracas1
Cubana de AviaciónHavana, Santiago de Cuba1
Czech AirlinesPrague4
Delta Air LinesAtlanta, New York-JFK1
easyJetBerlin-Schönefeld, Bristol, Edinburgh, Lisbon, Liverpool, London-Gatwick, London-Luton, Lyon, Milan-Malpensa, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Toulouse1
easyJet SwitzerlandBasel/Mulhouse, Geneva1
EgyptAirCairo1
El AlTel Aviv-Ben Gurion4
EmiratesDubai4
FinnairHelsinki4
Germanwings
operated by Eurowings
Düsseldorf, Hamburg1
IberiaA Coruña, Accra, Algiers, Asturias, Athens, Barcelona, Bilbao, Bogotá, Brussels, Buenos Aires-Ezeiza, Caracas, Casablanca, Chicago-O'Hare, Dakar, Geneva, Gran Canaria, Guatemala City, Guayaquil, Istanbul Atatürk (resumes 20 June 2014),[18] Lagos, Lima, Lisbon, London-Heathrow, Luanda, Malabo, Mexico City, Miami, Milan-Linate, Milan-Malpensa, Montevideo (resumes 1 September 2014),[19] Moscow-Domodedovo, Munich, New York-JFK, Nouakchott, Oran, Panama City, Paris-Orly, Prague, Quito, Rio de Janeiro-Galeão, Rome-Fiumicino, San José de Costa Rica, San Salvador, Santa Cruz de la Palma, Santander, Santo Domingo Las Americas (resumes 1 September 2014),[20] Santiago de Chile, Santiago de Compostela, São Paulo-Guarulhos, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion, Tenerife-North, Tenerife South, Venice-Marco Polo, Vienna, Zürich
Seasonal: Boston, Dubrovnik, Los Angeles, Trondheim, Zagreb
4
Iberia ExpressAlicante, Amsterdam (resumes 1 July),[18] Berlin-Tegel, Copenhagen, Dublin, Düsseldorf, Frankfurt, Fuerteventura, Jerez de la Frontera, Lanzarote, La Palma, Málaga, Palma de Mallorca, Seville, Stockholm-Arlanda, Vigo
Seasonal:Athens, Mykonos, Granada, Ibiza, Menorca, Naples, Riga, Santiago de Compostela, St Petersburg, Trondheim
4
Iberia Regional
operated by Air Nostrum
A Coruña, Almería, Bologna, Bordeaux, Düsseldorf, Granada, Ibiza, León, Logroño, Louders, Lyon, Marseille, Marrakesh, Melilla, Menorca, Milan-Malpensa, Munich, Murcia, Nantes, Nice, Palma de Mallorca, Paris-Orly, Pamplona, Porto, Rabat, San Sebastián, Santander, Santiago de Compostela, Strasbourg, Tangier, Toulouse, Turin, Valencia, Vigo
Seasonal: Asturias, Catania, Corfu, Frankfurt, Geneva, Heraklion, La Palma, Lanzarote, Lisbon, Malta, Olbia, Palermo, Santorini, Split, Venice, Vienna
4
KLMAmsterdam2
Korean AirSeoul-Incheon1
LAN AirlinesFrankfurt, Santiago de Chile4
LAN EcuadorGuayaquil4
LAN PerúLima4
LOT Polish AirlinesWarsaw-Chopin2
LufthansaFrankfurt, Munich2
LuxairLuxembourg4
NikiVienna4
Norwegian Air ShuttleCopenhagen, Hamburg (begins 4 June 2014), Helsinki (begins 4 June 2014), London-Gatwick (begins 2 June 2014), Oslo-Gardermoen (begins 3 June 2014), Stockholm-Arlanda (begins 4 June 2014), Warsaw-Chopin (begins 3 June 2014)2
Pegasus AirlinesIstanbul-Sabiha Gökçen[21]1
Pullmantur AirCancún, Punta Cana
Charter: Aruba, Athens, Bologna, Bogotá, Helsinki, Malmö, Santa Cruz de la Sierra, Santo Domingo, Tallinn, Trondheim
Seasonal charter: Miami
4
Qatar AirwaysDoha4
Royal Air MarocCasablanca, Marrakesh4
Royal Air Maroc ExpressCasablanca, Tangier4
Royal JordanianAmman-Queen Alia4
RyanairAlghero, Beauvais, Bergamo, Bologna, Budapest, Catania, Charleroi, Cologne/Bonn (begins 29 October 2014), Dublin, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Ibiza, Kraków, Lanzarote, London-Stansted, Malta, Manchester, Marrakesh, Marseille, Palma de Mallorca, Pisa, Porto, Rabat, Rome-Ciampino, Santander, Santiago de Compostela, Tangier, Tenerife-North, Tenerife-South
Seasonal: Cagliari, Menorca, Moss/Rygge, Palermo
1
SaudiaJeddah, Riyadh1
S7 AirlinesMoscow-Domodedovo4
Scandinavian AirlinesCopenhagen, Stockholm-Arlanda2
Swiss International Air LinesGeneva, Zürich2
TAM AirlinesSão Paulo-Guarulhos4[22]
TAP PortugalFunchal, Lisbon2
TAP Portugal
operated by Portugália
Lisbon, Porto2
TAROMBucharest4
Thai AirwaysBangkok-Suvarnabhumi1
Transaero AirlinesMoscow-Vnukovo[23]4
Transavia.comEindhoven, Rotterdam1
TunisairTunis1
Turkish AirlinesIstanbul-Atatürk1
Ukraine International AirlinesKiev-Boryspil4
United AirlinesNewark
Seasonal: Washington-Dulles (begins 6 June 2014)
1
US AirwaysPhiladelphia
Seasonal: Charlotte
1
Uzbekistan AirwaysTashkent4
VuelingBarcelona, Paris-Charles de Gaulle
Seasonal: Bucharest, Florence, Ibiza, Malta, Menorca, Rome-Fiumicino, Trondheim
4
Wizz AirBudapest, Bucharest, Cluj-Napoca, Katowice, Prague, Sofia, Târgu Mureș, Timişoara1

Cargo[edit]

AirlinesDestinations
DHL AviationBeijing-Capital, Copenhagen, Miami
FedEx Feeder
operated by Air Contractors
Dublin, Paris-Charles de Gaulle
Gestair CargoFrankfurt
TNT AirwaysBrussels
Turkish Airlines CargoBelgrade, Istanbul-Atatürk
UPS AirlinesChicago-O'Hare, Cologne/Bonn, London-Stansted
Terminal 4 check in hall in 2008

Traffic and statistics[edit]

Iberia aircraft in Terminal 4
T4 – Upper level to check-in, lower levels to Arrivals and metro station
Terminal 4 overview with Madrid city in the background
The main control tower in Terminal 4
Traffic on Runway 36L with Terminal 4 in the background
Terminal 1 at Madrid-Barajas.
Aeroméxico B777 at the airport.
Terminal 4 at Madrid-Barajas.
Corridor at the airport in Madrid.

Passenger numbers[edit]

PassengersAircraft MovementsCargo (tonnes)
200134,050,215375,558295,944
200233,915,302368,029295,711
200335,855,861383,804307,026
200438,718,614401,503341,177
200542,146,784415,704333,138
200645,799,983434,959325,702
200752,110,787483,292325,201
200850,846,494469,746329,187
200948,437,147435,187302,863
201049,863,504433,683373,380
201150,662,512429,390394,154
201245,195,014373,185359,362
201339,729,027333,065345,802
Source: Aena Statistics[3]

Route statistics[edit]

Busiest domestic routes at Adolfo Suárez, Madrid-Barajas International Airport (2012)
RankCityPassengersCarriers
1Catalonia Barcelona2,579,018Air Europa, Iberia, Vueling
2Balearic Islands Palma de Mallorca1,441,342Air Berlin, Air Europa, Air Nostrum, Iberia Express, Ryanair
3Canary Islands Gran Canaria1,332,532Air Europa, Iberia, Ryanair
4Canary Islands Tenerife (North)1,167,862Air Europa, Iberia
5Basque Country (autonomous community) Bilbao839,216Helitt Líneas Aéreas, Iberia, Ryanair
6Galicia (Spain) Santiago de Compostela638,044Air Nostrum, Iberia, Iberia Express, Ryanair
7Balearic Islands Ibiza547,648Air Europa, Air Nostrum, Iberia Express, Ryanair, Vueling
8Asturias Asturias527,411Air Nostrum, Iberia, Ryanair
9Galicia (Spain) Vigo520,320Air Europa, Iberia Express
10Galicia (Spain) A Coruña517,386Air Nostrum, Iberia
11Valencian Community Alicante428,262Iberia Express
12Canary Islands Lanzarote422,663Air Europa, Air Nostrum, Iberia Express, Ryanair,
13Andalusia Málaga402,875Helitt Líneas Aéreas, Iberia Express
14Andalusia Seville351,260Iberia Express
15Cantabria Santander320,672Air Nostrum, Ryanair
16Canary Islands Tenerife (South)301,854Air Europa, Ryanair
17Andalusia Jerez de la Frontera297,049Iberia Express
18Valencian Community Valencia271,964Air Nostrum, Helitt Líneas Aéreas
19Canary Islands Fuerteventura242,635Air Europa, Iberia Express
20Andalusia Almeria232,987Air Nostrum
21Andalusia Granada207,805Air Nostrum, Iberia Express
22Balearic Islands Minorca187,135Air Europa, Air Nostrum, Iberia Express, Orbest Orizonia Airlines, Ryanair, Vueling
23Basque Country (autonomous community) San Sebastián170,907Air Nostrum
24Navarre Pamplona145,989Air Nostrum
25Catalonia Girona131,363
Busiest European routes at Madrid-Barajas International Airport (2012)
RankCityPassengersCarriers
1United Kingdom London (Heathrow), United Kingdom1,197,697British Airways, Iberia
2Italy Rome (Fiumicino), Italy1,128,705Air Europa, Alitalia, EasyJet, Iberia
3France Paris (Orly), France1,127,232Air Europa, Air Nostrum, Iberia
4Portugal Lisbon, Portugal1,109,917Air Europa, Air Nostrum, EasyJet, Iberia, Portugalia Airlines, TAP Portugal
5France Paris (CDG), France1,047,308Air France, EasyJet, Vueling
6Netherlands Amsterdam, The Netherlands1,034,423Air Europa, Iberia, Iberia Express, KLM
7Germany Frankfurt, Germany821,739Air Nostrum, Iberia Express, LAN Airlines, Lufthansa
8United Kingdom London (Gatwick), United Kingdom704,189Air Europa, EasyJet
9Germany Munich, Germany665,641Air Nostrum, Iberia, Lufthansa, Lufthansa CityLine
10Switzerland Geneva, Switzerland649,232Air Europa, Air Nostrum, Iberia, Swiss International Air Lines
11Italy Milan (Malpensa), Italy647,709Air Europa, Air Nostrum, EasyJet, Iberia
12Belgium Brussels, Belgium561,180Air Europa, Brussels Airlines, Iberia
13Switzerland Zurich, Switzerland493,609Air Nostrum, Swiss International Air Lines
14Portugal Porto, Portugal398,223Air Nostrum, Portugalia Airlines, Ryanair
15Italy Venice (Marco Polo), Italy354,545Air Nostrum, Iberia
16Republic of Ireland Dublin, Ireland328,951Aer Lingus, Iberia Express, Ryanair
17Turkey Istanbul (Atatürk), Turkey313,732Turkish Airlines
18Belgium Charleroi, Belgium306,436Ryanair
19Germany Düsseldorf, Germany275,364Air Nostrum, Iberia Express, Lufthansa CityLine
20Italy Bologna, Italy264,910Air Nostrum, Pullmantur Air, Ryanair
21Germany Berlin (Tegel), Germany259,167Air Berlin, Iberia Express
22Italy Milan (Linate), Italy254,970Alitalia CityLiner, Iberia
23Greece Athens, Greece240,278Aegean Airlines, Pullmantur Air
24Denmark Copenhagen, Denmark240,113Iberia Express, Pullmantur Air, Scandinavian Airlines
25Romania Bucharest (Otopeni), Romania235,474Blue Air, TAROM, Wizz Air
25United Kingdom London (Stansted), United Kingdom232,833Ryanair
Busiest intercontinental routes at Madrid-Barajas International Airport (2012)
RankCityPassengersCarriers
1Argentina Buenos Aires (Ezeiza), Argentina782,068Aerolíneas Argentinas, Air Europa, Iberia
2United States New York (JFK), United States685,078Air Europa, American Airlines, Delta Air Lines, Iberia
3Peru Lima, Peru579,777Air Europa, Iberia, LAN Perú
4Colombia Bogotá, Colombia498,321Avianca, Iberia, Pullmantur Air
5Mexico Mexico City, Mexico491,952Aeroméxico, Iberia
6Brazil São Paulo (Guarulhos), Brazil482,538Air China, Iberia, TAM Airlines
7United States Miami, United States411,764American Airlines, Iberia, Pullmantur Air
8Venezuela Caracas, Venezuela411,217Air Europa, Iberia
9Cuba Havana, Cuba370,952Air Europa, Cubana de Aviación
10Chile Santiago, Chile350,007Iberia, LAN Airlines
11Dominican Republic Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic339,446Air Europa, Pullmantur Air
13Israel Tel Aviv, Israel308,785El Al, Iberia
14United Arab Emirates Dubai, United Arab Emirates301,618Emirates
15Mexico Cancún, Mexico271,564Air Europa, Orbest Orizonia Airlines, Pullmantur Air
16Ecuador Guayaquil, Ecuador257,695Iberia, LAN Ecuador
17Dominican Republic Punta Cana, Dominican Republic205,266Air Europa, Orbest Orizonia Airlines, Pullmantur Air
18Costa Rica San José,Costa Rica199,095Iberia
19Morocco Marrakesh, Morocco192,427Air Nostrum, Ryanair
20Russia Moscow (Domodedovo)189,337Iberia, S7 Airlines, Transaero
21Morocco Casablanca, Morocco187,429Iberia, Royal Air Maroc
22Qatar Doha, Qatar186,899Qatar Airways
23United States Chicago (O'Hare), United States179,034Iberia
24Morocco Tangier, Morocco167,511Air Arabia Maroc, Air Nostrum, Royal Air Maroc, Ryanair
25Brazil Rio de Janeiro, Brazil162,320Iberia

Ground transport[edit]

Shuttle train that links Terminal 4 with its satellite

Rail[edit]

The Madrid Metro Line connects the airport with city centre station Nuevos Ministerios in the heart of Madrid's financial district. The Barajas Line 8 Line 8 provides a fast route from the underground stations at Terminal 2 (access to T1 and T3) and Terminal 4 into central Madrid. The metro also provides links to stations on the Spanish railway network. The first ride in the morning leaves from Nuevos Ministerios around 6:05 am, arriving at Terminals 1-2-3 around 6:20, and at Terminal 4 around 6:25.

In October 2006, a bid was launched for the construction of a Cercanías link between Chamartín Station and Terminal 4. Now finished, this single Cercanías Line (C-1) links Madrid Barajas Terminal 4, with Chamartín Station and Atocha AVE high-speed train stations.[24] In June 2011 a decision was made to equip this link with dual gauge which will allow AVE high-speed trains to reach the airport station.[25]

The Nuevos Ministerios metro station allowed checking-in[26] right by the AZCA business area in central Madrid, but this convenience has been suspended indefinitely after the building of Terminal 4.[27]

EMT Bus[edit]

EMT (Madrid Municipal Transport Company) runs regular public bus services between the airport and Madrid (Avenida de América station): bus 200 runs as a complete line – dropping passengers off at departures of terminals 1, 2 and 4 before collecting passengers in the reverse order at arrivals. The EMT public night bus service N4 (nicknamed "Buho", Owl) also services from Madrid downtown (Plaza Cibeles) to Barajas (Plaza de los Hermanos Falcó y Alvarez de Toledo, 400m from the airport through a passageway above the highway). EMT also have an express bus linking Barajas airport to Renfe's Atocha Station, the main rail station in Madrid, during day and Plaza Cibeles during night. Unlike the two services mentioned above, this line runs 24 hours of the day during all the days of the year.[28]

Airport parking[edit]

Long- and short-term car parking is provided at the airport with seven public parking areas. P1 is an outdoor car park located in front of the terminal building; P2 is an indoor car park with direct access to terminals T2 and T3. A Parking 'Express' facility, available for short periods only, is located at Terminal 2, and dedicated long-term parking is also available with 1,655 spaces; a free shuttle operates between the long-stay car park and all terminals. There are also VIP car parks.

Incidents and accidents[edit]

References[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

  1. ^ "El aeropuerto de Madrid se llama desde hoy Adolfo Suárez". 
  2. ^ "Madrid airport - Economic and social impact". Ecquants. Retrieved September 7, 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c "AENA passenger statistics and aircraft movements". Aena.es. 
  4. ^ Spanish AIP (AENA)[dead link]
  5. ^ Accident history for MAD at Aviation Safety Network
  6. ^ "10 busiest airport pairs per number of daily flights". Eurocontrol. 
  7. ^ "OAG reveals latest industry intelligence on the busiest routes". Oag.com. 
  8. ^ Ministerio de Fomento de España, ed. (24 March 2014). "El aeropuerto de Madrid- Barajas pasará a denominarse Adolfo Suárez, Madrid- Barajas". Retrieved 24 March 2014. 
  9. ^ TPS expertise recognised at Madrid Terminal 4[dead link]
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External links[edit]

Media related to Madrid-Barajas Airport at Wikimedia Commons