Madeira Airport

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Madeira Airport
Aeroporto da Madeira
Funchal
Aeroporto da Madeira runway.JPG
The concrete pillars of the 2000 extension completed to extend the runway, winning the 2004 IABSE Outstanding Structure Award
IATA: FNCICAO: LPMA
Summary
Airport typePublic
OperatorAeroportos da Madeira
ServesFunchal
LocationSanta Catarina, Santa Cruz
Elevation AMSL58 m / 190 ft
Coordinates32°41′39″N 16°46′41″W / 32.69417°N 16.77806°W / 32.69417; -16.77806Coordinates: 32°41′39″N 16°46′41″W / 32.69417°N 16.77806°W / 32.69417; -16.77806
Websitewww.anam.pt
Map
LPMA is located in Madeira
LPMA
Location in Portugal
Runways
DirectionLengthSurface
mft
05/232,7819,124Asphalt
Statistics (2011)
Aircraft Movements21,346
Passengers2,311,380
Source: Portuguese AIP[1]
 
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Madeira Airport
Aeroporto da Madeira
Funchal
Aeroporto da Madeira runway.JPG
The concrete pillars of the 2000 extension completed to extend the runway, winning the 2004 IABSE Outstanding Structure Award
IATA: FNCICAO: LPMA
Summary
Airport typePublic
OperatorAeroportos da Madeira
ServesFunchal
LocationSanta Catarina, Santa Cruz
Elevation AMSL58 m / 190 ft
Coordinates32°41′39″N 16°46′41″W / 32.69417°N 16.77806°W / 32.69417; -16.77806Coordinates: 32°41′39″N 16°46′41″W / 32.69417°N 16.77806°W / 32.69417; -16.77806
Websitewww.anam.pt
Map
LPMA is located in Madeira
LPMA
Location in Portugal
Runways
DirectionLengthSurface
mft
05/232,7819,124Asphalt
Statistics (2011)
Aircraft Movements21,346
Passengers2,311,380
Source: Portuguese AIP[1]

Madeira Airport (IATA: FNCICAO: LPMA), formerly known as Santa Catarina Airport (and informally known as Funchal Airport), is an international airport in the civil parish of Santa Catarina, municipality of Santa Cruz, in the Portuguese archipelago of the Madeira.

The airport was once infamous for its short runway which, surrounded by high mountains and the ocean, made it a tricky landing for even the most experienced of pilots. Its innovative solution allowed Funchal to receive the Outstanding Structure Award in 2004, although it is still considered one of the most dangerous airports in the world.

History[edit]

View of the airport from Machico.
Partial view of the airport's main building.

Madeira Airport was officially opened on 18 July 1964, with two 1,600 m (5,249 ft) runways. The first flight ever to land was a TAP Air Portugal Lockheed Constellation with 80 passengers on board.

In 1972, the popularity of visiting the island of Madeira increased, so the runway had to be extended to allow modern and larger aircraft to land. Considered the Kai Tak of Europe because of its singular approach to runway 05,[2] the decision was made to extend the existing runway, instead of building a new one. In the meantime, a brand new terminal was built at the airport in 1973, handling 500,000 passengers.

Between 1982 and 1986, Madeira's runway was successfully extended by 200 m (656 ft) to a total of 1,800 m (5,906 ft), and also four gates were opened. The original runway was only 1,600 m (5,249 ft) long, but was extended by 200 m (656 ft) 8 years after the TAP Portugal Flight 425 incident of 1977 and subsequently rebuilt in 2000, almost doubling the size of the runway. It was built out over the ocean; instead of using landfill, the extension was built on a series of 180 columns, each about 70 m (230 ft) tall.

In 2000, the runway was again extended, to 2,781 m (9,124 ft), re-opened on 15 September. The extension of Madeira Airport was conducted by the Brazilian construction company Andrade Gutierrez, and is recognized worldwide as one of the most difficult to achieve due to the type of terrain and orography.

In 2004, Dr. Manabu Ito, President of the International Association of Bridge and Structural Engineering (IABSE), presented the IABSE Outstanding Structure Award in Shanghai: the enlargement of the new runway at Funchal Airport, won the 2004 Outstanding Structure Award (considered the Oscars of worldwide structural engineering),[3] by the IABSE.[4]

The History Channel program Most Extreme Airports ranked it as the 9th most dangerous airport in the world, and the second most dangerous in Europe after Gibraltar International Airport.[5]

Madeira Airport Runway

Geography[edit]

Funchal Airport is 13.2 km (8.2 mi) east-northeast of the regional capital Funchal. The airport controls national and international air traffic for the islands of Madeira and Porto Santo.

Terminal[edit]

TAP Portugal Airbus A319 on the tarmac in Funchal.
TUIfly arriving at Funchal airport.
Norwegian Air Shuttle at Madeira airport.
Travel Service plane arriving at Madeira with Desertas Islands on the background.
Transavia on the tarmac in Funchal.
Binter Canarias arriving at Madeira airport.

The airport has a single terminal which opened in 1973. The terminal has 40 check-in desks, 16 boarding gates and 7 baggage belts. There are no air-bridges so passengers either walk the short distance to the terminal or are taken by shuttle bus. The terminal itself is mostly underground.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

AirlinesDestinations
Aigle AzurParis–Orly
Air BerlinBerlin-Tegel, Düsseldorf, Leipzig/Halle, Munich
Seasonal: Nuremberg
ArkeflySeasonal: Amsterdam
Austrian Airlines
operated by Tyrolean Airways
Seasonal: Vienna
CondorBerlin-Schönefeld, Frankfurt, Hamburg, Leipzig/Halle, Munich
EasyJetBristol, Lisbon, London–Gatwick
Edelweiss AirSeasonal: Zurich
Enter AirSeasonal: Wrocław, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Porto Santo
Europe AirpostMontpellier, Paris–Charles de Gaulle
FinnairSeasonal: Helsinki
GermaniaKarlsruhe/Baden-Baden
Seasonal Charter: Bremen, Erfurt-Weimar
Iberia
operated by Air Nostrum
Seasonal: Bilbao, Valencia, Oviedo
Jet2.comGlasgow-International (begins 26 May 2014),[6] Leeds/Bradford, Manchester, Nottingham/East Midlands (begins 8 April 2014),[7] Newcastle (begins 4 July 2014)[8]
JetairflySeasonal: Brussels
LuxairLuxembourg
Monarch AirlinesBirmingham, London–Gatwick
NikiSeasonal: Graz, Linz, Vienna
NeosMilan–Malpensa
Norwegian Air ShuttleSeasonal: Copenhagen, Oslo–Gardermoen
Primera AirOulu
SATA Air AçoresPorto Santo
SATA InternationalDublin, Paris–Orly, Stockholm–Arlanda
SATA International
operated by SATA Air Açores
Faro, Gran Canaria, Ponta Delgada
TAP PortugalCaracas, Lisbon, Porto
Summer Seasonal: Barcelona, London–Gatwick, Madrid
Winter Seasonal: London–Heathrow
TAP Portugal
operated by Portugália
Lisbon, Porto
Thomas Cook AirlinesManchester
Seasonal: Glasgow–International, London–Gatwick, Porto Santo
Thomas Cook Airlines BelgiumBrussels
Thomas Cook Airlines ScandinaviaSeasonal: Billund, Copenhagen, Helsinki
Thomson AirwaysBirmingham, Exeter, Glasgow–International, London–Gatwick, Manchester
Seasonal: Bournemouth, London–Luton, Newcastle upon Tyne, Nottingham/East Midlands
Transaero AirlinesSeasonal: Moscow–Domodedovo
Transavia.comAmsterdam
Transavia.com FranceParis-Orly, Porto
Seasonal: Nantes
Travel Service AirlinesCharter: Prague, Strasbourg
Travel Service PolandCharter: Warsaw–Chopin
TUIflySeasonal: Basel/Mulhouse, Cologne/Bonn, Frankfurt, Hanover, Stuttgart
Ukraine International AirlinesCharter: Kyiv–Boryspil

Busiest Routes[edit]

Busiest Routes from Madeira Airport (2010)[9]
RankCountryCityPassengersCarriers
1PortugalLisbon865,994EasyJet, Portugália Airlines, TAP Portugal
2United KingdomLondon227,096EasyJet, TAP Portugal, Thomas Cook Airlines, Thomson Airways
3PortugalPorto218,992TAP Portugal, Transavia
4United KingdomManchester59,367Jet2.com, Thomas Cook Airlines, Thomson Airways
5PortugalPorto Santo47,684SATA Air Açores
6NetherlandsAmsterdam44,270Arkefly, Transavia
7FranceParis41,794Aigle Azur, Europe Airpost, SATA Internacional, Transavia France
8FinlandHelsinki39,284Air Finland, Finnair, Thomas Cook Airlines, Scandinavian
9United KingdomBristol38,201EasyJet
10GermanyDüsseldorf37,626Air Berlin

Incidents and accidents[edit]

SA de Transport Aérien Sud Caravelle 10R (HB-ICK) taking off from Geneva (two-years before its accident at Funchal)

References[edit]

External links[edit]