Madeira Airport

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Madeira Airport
Aeroporto da Madeira
Aeroporto da Madeira runway.JPG
IATA: FNCICAO: LPMA
Summary
Airport typePublic
OperatorAeroportos da Madeira
ServesFunchal
LocationSanta Catarina, Santa Cruz
Elevation AMSL58 m / 190 ft
Coordinates32°41′39″N 16°46′41″W / 32.69417°N 16.77806°W / 32.69417; -16.77806Coordinates: 32°41′39″N 16°46′41″W / 32.69417°N 16.77806°W / 32.69417; -16.77806
Websiteanam.pt
Map
LPMA is located in Madeira
LPMA
LPMA
Location in Portugal
Runways
DirectionLengthSurface
mft
05/232,7819,124Asphalt
Statistics (2011)
Aircraftmovements21,346
Passengers2,311,380
Source: Portuguese AIP[1]
 
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Madeira Airport
Aeroporto da Madeira
Aeroporto da Madeira runway.JPG
IATA: FNCICAO: LPMA
Summary
Airport typePublic
OperatorAeroportos da Madeira
ServesFunchal
LocationSanta Catarina, Santa Cruz
Elevation AMSL58 m / 190 ft
Coordinates32°41′39″N 16°46′41″W / 32.69417°N 16.77806°W / 32.69417; -16.77806Coordinates: 32°41′39″N 16°46′41″W / 32.69417°N 16.77806°W / 32.69417; -16.77806
Websiteanam.pt
Map
LPMA is located in Madeira
LPMA
LPMA
Location in Portugal
Runways
DirectionLengthSurface
mft
05/232,7819,124Asphalt
Statistics (2011)
Aircraftmovements21,346
Passengers2,311,380
Source: Portuguese AIP[1]

Madeira Airport (IATA: FNCICAO: LPMA), formerly known as Santa Catarina Airport and informally known as Funchal Airport (IATA: FNCICAO: LPFU), is an international airport in the civil parish of Santa Catarina, municipality of Santa Cruz, in the Portuguese archipelago of the Madeira.

The airport was once infamous for its short runway which, surrounded by high mountains and the ocean, made it a tricky landing for even the most experienced of pilots. Its innovative solution allowed Funchal to receive the Outstanding Structure Award in 2004, although it is still considered one of the most dangerous airports in the world.

History[edit]

View of the airport from Machico.
Partial view of the airport's main building.

Madeira Airport was officially opened on 18 July 1964, with two 1,600 m (5,249 ft) runways. The first flight ever to land was a TAP Air Portugal Lockheed Constellation with 80 passengers on board.

In 1972, the popularity of visiting the island of Madeira increased, so the runway had to be extended to allow modern and larger aircraft to land. Considered the Kai Tak of Europe because of its singular approach to runway 05,[2] the decision was made to extend the existing runway, instead of building a new one. In the meantime, a brand new terminal was built at the airport in 1973, handling 500,000 passengers.

Between 1982 and 1986, Madeira's runway was successfully extended by 200 m (656 ft) to a total of 1,800 m (5,906 ft), and also four gates were opened. The original runway was only 1,600 m (5,249 ft) long, but was extended by 200 m (656 ft) 8 years after the TAP Portugal Flight 425 incident of 1977.

In 2000, the runway was again extended this time to 2,781 m (9,124 ft) almost doubling the size of the original runway. As landfill was not a realistic option, the extension was built on a platform, partly over the ocean, supported by 180 columns, each about 70 m (230 ft) tall. The extension of Madeira Airport was conducted by the Brazilian construction company Andrade Gutierrez, and is recognized worldwide as one of the most difficult to achieve due to the type of terrain and orography.

The new runway and terminal were inaugurated on 6 October 2002, and to mark the occasion an Air-Atlantic Iceland Boeing 747-267B, registration TF-ABA, landed at the airport.[3] Although this was a rare event, some TAP Portugal flights make scheduled stops at Madeira with wide bodied A330-200 aircraft, on the Lisbon-Caracas-Lisbon route.

In 2004, Dr. Manabu Ito, President of the International Association of Bridge and Structural Engineering (IABSE), presented the IABSE Outstanding Structure Award in Shanghai: the enlargement of the new runway at Funchal Airport, won the 2004 Outstanding Structure Award (considered the Oscars of worldwide structural engineering),[4] by the IABSE.[5]

The History Channel program Most Extreme Airports ranked it as the 9th most dangerous airport in the world, and the second most dangerous in Europe after Gibraltar International Airport.[6]

Madeira Airport Runway

Geography[edit]

Funchal Airport is 13.2 km (8.2 mi) east-northeast of the regional capital Funchal. The airport controls national and international air traffic for the islands of Madeira and Porto Santo.

Terminal[edit]

TUIfly arriving at Funchal airport
Norwegian Air Shuttle at Madeira airport
Travel Service approaching the runway
Busy day at Madeira Airport with a Transavia plane at the forefront
Air Berlin Boeing 737-800 approaching the runway

The airport has a single terminal which opened in 1973. The terminal has 40 check-in desks, 16 boarding gates and 7 baggage belts. There are no air-bridges so passengers either walk the short distance to the terminal or are taken by shuttle bus. The terminal itself is mostly underground.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

AirlinesDestinations
Aero VIPPorto Santo
Aigle AzurParis-Orly
Air BerlinBerlin-Tegel, Düsseldorf, Leipzig/Halle, Munich
Seasonal: Nuremberg
ArkeflySeasonal: Amsterdam
Austrian Airlines
operated by Tyrolean Airways
Seasonal: Vienna
British AirwaysLondon-Gatwick (Begins 11 May 2015)
Binter CanariasGran Canaria, Tenerife-South
CondorDüsseldorf, Frankfurt, Hamburg, Leipzig/Halle, Munich
easyJetBristol, Edinburgh (begins 8 February 2015),[7][8] Lisbon, London–Gatwick, Manchester (begins 14 February 2015)[8][9]
Edelweiss AirZurich
Enter AirSeasonal: Gdansk, Wrocław, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Poznan[10]
Europe AirpostMontpellier, Paris–Charles de Gaulle
FinnairSeasonal: Helsinki
GermaniaKarlsruhe/Baden-Baden
Seasonal: Bremen, Erfurt-Weimar
Seasonal Charter: Memmingen
Iberia
operated by Air Nostrum
Seasonal: Bilbao, Madrid
Jet2.comEast Midlands, Glasgow-International, Leeds/Bradford, Manchester
Seasonal: Newcastle upon Tyne[11]
JetairflySeasonal: Brussels
LOT Polish AirlinesSeasonal: Katowice[12]
LuxairLuxembourg
Monarch AirlinesBirmingham, London–Gatwick
NikiSeasonal: Graz, Linz, Vienna
NeosMilan–Malpensa
Norwegian Air ShuttleSeasonal: Copenhagen, Oslo–Gardermoen, London-Gatwick (begins 28 October 2014)
Primera AirSeasonal: Göteborg, Oulu
SATA InternationalDublin, Paris–Orly, Stockholm–Arlanda
SATA International
operated by SATA Air Açores
Faro, Gran Canaria, Ponta Delgada
TAP PortugalCaracas, Lisbon, Porto
Summer Seasonal: Barcelona, London–Gatwick, Madrid
Winter Seasonal: London–Heathrow
TAP Portugal
operated by Portugália
Lisbon, Porto
Thomas Cook AirlinesManchester
Seasonal: Glasgow–International, London–Gatwick, Porto Santo
Thomas Cook Airlines BelgiumBrussels
Thomas Cook Airlines ScandinaviaSeasonal: Billund, Copenhagen, Helsinki
Thomson AirwaysBirmingham, Exeter, Glasgow–International, London–Gatwick, Manchester
Seasonal: Bournemouth, London–Luton, Newcastle upon Tyne, Nottingham/East Midlands
Transaero AirlinesSeasonal: Moscow–Domodedovo
Transavia.comAmsterdam
Transavia.com FranceParis-Orly, Porto
Seasonal: Lyon, Nantes
Travel Service AirlinesCharter: Prague, Strasbourg
Travel Service PolandCharter: Warsaw–Chopin, Wrocław,
TUIflySeasonal: Basel/Mulhouse, Cologne/Bonn, Frankfurt, Hanover, Stuttgart
Ukraine International AirlinesCharter: Kyiv–Boryspil
VoloteaCharter: Nantes, Beauvais, Clermont- Ferrand, Dijon, Perpignan, Marseille, Saint-Etienne[13]
White AirwaysCharter: Lyon, Nantes, Paris-Charles Gaulle, Sao Vicente

Busiest routes[edit]

Busiest routes from Madeira Airport (2010)[14]
RankCountryCityPassengersCarriers
1PortugalLisbon865,994EasyJet, Portugália Airlines, TAP Portugal
2United KingdomLondon227,096EasyJet, TAP Portugal, Thomas Cook Airlines, Thomson Airways
3PortugalPorto218,992TAP Portugal, Transavia
4United KingdomManchester59,367Jet2.com, Thomas Cook Airlines, Thomson Airways
5PortugalPorto Santo47,684SATA Air Açores
6NetherlandsAmsterdam44,270Arkefly, Transavia
7FranceParis41,794Aigle Azur, Europe Airpost, SATA Internacional, Transavia France
8FinlandHelsinki39,284Air Finland, Finnair, Thomas Cook Airlines, Scandinavian
9United KingdomBristol38,201EasyJet
10GermanyDüsseldorf37,626Air Berlin

Incidents and accidents[edit]

SA de Transport Aérien Sud Caravelle 10R (HB-ICK) taking off from Geneva (two-years before its accident at Funchal)

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Madeira Airport at Wikimedia Commons