OS X Server

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OS X Server
OSXLeopard.svg
Leopard Server 10.6.png
Screenshot of Snow Leopard Server
Company / developerApple Inc.
OS familyMac OS, Unix
Working stateSuperseded by OS X plus add-on server package
Source modelClosed source (with open source components)
Latest stable release10.8.2 / September 19, 2012 (2012-09-19)[1]
Supported platformsx86, x86-64
Kernel typeHybrid kernel
Default user interfaceAqua
LicenseProprietary EULA
Official websiteApple - OS X Server
 
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OS X Server
OSXLeopard.svg
Leopard Server 10.6.png
Screenshot of Snow Leopard Server
Company / developerApple Inc.
OS familyMac OS, Unix
Working stateSuperseded by OS X plus add-on server package
Source modelClosed source (with open source components)
Latest stable release10.8.2 / September 19, 2012 (2012-09-19)[1]
Supported platformsx86, x86-64
Kernel typeHybrid kernel
Default user interfaceAqua
LicenseProprietary EULA
Official websiteApple - OS X Server

OS X Server, formerly Mac OS X Server, was a separately sold Unix[2] server operating system from Apple Inc. architecturally identical to its desktop counterpart OS X—with additional server programs and management and administration tools.

As of version 10.7 (Lion), Mac OS X and Mac OS X Server were combined into one release and re-branded as OS X. A separate "server" operating system is no longer sold; the server-specific server applications and work group management and administration software tools from Mac OS X Server are now offered as OS X Server, an add-on package for OS X sold through the Mac App Store[3] along with Workgroup Manager 10.8, available from the Apple support web site.[4]

These tools simplify access to key network services, including a mail transfer agent, AFP and SMB servers, an LDAP server, a domain name server, and others. Also included (particularly in later versions) are numerous additional services and the tools to manage them, such as web server, wiki server, chat server, calendar server, and many others.

Overview[edit]

Mac OS X Server was provided as the operating system for Xserve computers, rack mounted server computers designed by Apple. Also, it was optionally preinstalled on the Mac Mini and Mac Pro and was sold separately for use on any Macintosh computer meeting its minimum requirements.

Mac OS X Server is based on an open source foundation called Darwin and uses open industry standards and protocols. It included services and applications for file sharing, sharing contact information and calendars, schedule events, send secure instant messages, conduct live video conferences, send and receive email, contribute to and comment in wikis, publish a company-wide blog, produce and distribute podcasts, and set up websites.

Versions[edit]

Mac OS X Server 1.0 (Rhapsody)[edit]

The first version of Mac OS X was Mac OS X Server 1.0. Mac OS X Server 1.0 - 1.2v3 were based on Rhapsody, a hybrid of OPENSTEP from NeXT Computer and Mac OS 8.5.1. The GUI looked like a mixture of Mac OS 8's Platinum appearance with OPENSTEP's NeXT-based interface. It included a runtime layer called Blue Box for running legacy Mac OS-based applications within a separate window. There was discussion of implementing a 'transparent blue box' which would intermix Mac OS applications with those written for Rhapsody's Yellow Box environment, but this would not happen until Mac OS X's Classic environment. Apple File Services, Macintosh Manager, QuickTime Streaming Server, WebObjects and NetBoot were included with Mac OS X Server 1.0 - 1.2v3. It could not use FireWire devices.

Mac OS X Server 10.0 (Cheetah Server)[edit]

Released: May 21, 2001

Mac OS X Server 10.0 included the new Aqua user interface, Apache, PHP, MySQL, Tomcat, WebDAV support, Macintosh Manager and NetBoot.

Mac OS X Server 10.1 (Puma Server)[edit]

Released: September 25, 2001

Mac OS X Server 10.2 (Jaguar Server)[edit]

Released: August 23, 2002

The 10.2 Mac OS X Server release includes updated Open Directory user and file management, which with this release is based on LDAP, beginning the deprecation of the NeXT-originated NetInfo architecture. The new Workgroup Manager interface improved configuration significantly. The release also saw major updates to NetBoot and NetInstall. Many common network services are provided such as NTP, SNMP, web server (Apache), mail server (Postfix and Cyrus), LDAP (OpenLDAP), AFP, and print server. The inclusion of Samba version 3 allows tight integration with Windows clients and servers. MySQL v4.0.16 and PHP v4.3.7 are also included.

Mac OS X Server 10.3 (Panther Server)[edit]

Released: October 24, 2003

The 10.3 Mac OS X Server release includes updated Open Directory user and file management, which with this release is based on LDAP, beginning the deprecation of the NeXT-originated NetInfo architecture. The new Workgroup Manager interface improved configuration significantly. Many common network services are provided such as NTP, SNMP, web server (Apache), mail server (Postfix and Cyrus), LDAP (OpenLDAP), AFP, and print server. The inclusion of Samba version 3 allows tight integration with Windows clients and servers. MySQL v4.0.16 and PHP v4.3.7 are also included.

Mac OS X Server 10.4 (Tiger Server)[edit]

Released: April 29, 2005

The 10.4 release adds 64-bit application support, Access Control Lists, Xgrid, link aggregation, e-mail spam filtering (SpamAssassin), virus detection (ClamAV), Gateway Setup Assistant, and servers for Software Update, iChat Server using XMPP,[5] Boot Camp Assistant, Dashboard and weblogs.

On August 10, 2006 Apple announced the first Universal Binary release of Mac OS X Server, version 10.4.7, supporting both PowerPC and Intel processors. At the same time Apple announced the release of the Intel-based Mac Pro and Xserve systems.

Mac OS X Server 10.5 (Leopard Server)[edit]

The Mac OS X Leopard Server running Server Admin on Desktop

Released: October 26, 2007 Leopard Server sold for $999, with an unlimited client license.[6]

Features[7]

10.510.5.110.5.210.5.310.5.410.5.510.5.610.5.710.5.810.5.8 2010-007
PHP5.2.45.2.45.2.45.2.55.2.55.2.65.2.65.2.85.2.115.2.14
MySQL5.0.455.0.455.0.455.0.455.0.455.0.455.0.675.0.675.0.825.0.91
Apache2.2.62.2.62.2.62.2.82.2.82.2.82.2.92.2.112.2.132.2.14
BIND9.4.1-P19.4.1-P19.4.1-P19.4.1-P19.4.2-P19.4.2-P29.4.2-P29.4.3-P19.4.2-P39.4.2-P3

Mac OS X Server 10.6 (Snow Leopard Server)[edit]

Released: August 28, 2009

Snow Leopard Server sold for $499 and included unlimited client licenses.[9]

New Features:

10.6.010.6.110.6.210.6.310.6.410.6.510.6.610.6.710.6.8 (10K549)
PHP????5.3.25.3.35.3.35.3.45.3.15
MySQL????5.0.75.0.915.0.915.0.915.0.92
Apache????2.2.142.2.152.2.152.2.172.2.22
BIND????9.6.0-P29.6.0-P29.6.0-P29.6.0-P29.6-ESV-R4-P3

Mac OS X 10.7 (Lion Server)[edit]

Released: July 20, 2011

In releasing the developer preview of Mac OS X Lion in February 2011, Apple indicated that beginning with Lion, Mac OS X Server would be bundled with the operating system and would not be marketed as a separate product.[11] However, a few months later, the company said it would instead sell the server components as a US$49.99 add-on to Lion, distributed through the Mac App Store (as well as Lion itself).[12] The combined cost of an upgrade to Lion and the purchase of the OS X Server add-on, which costs approximately US$50,[13] was nonetheless significantly lower than the retail cost of Snow Leopard Server (US$499).

Lion Server came with unlimited client licenses as did Snow Leopard Server.

Lion Server includes new versions of iCal Server, Wiki Server, and Mail Server.[14] More significantly, Lion Server can be used for iOS mobile device management.

OS X 10.8 (Mountain Lion Server)[edit]

Released: July 25, 2012.

There was no separate server edition of Mountain Lion, just as there was no separate server edition of Lion. There was an OS X Server package for Mountain Lion, available from the Mac App Store for $19.99, that included a server management app called Server, as well as other additional administrative tools to manage client profiles and Xsan.[15][16]

Mountain Lion Server, like Lion Server, came with unlimited client licenses, and once purchased could be run on an unlimited number of machines.

10.8.010.8.110.8.210.8.310.8.4
PHP????5.3.15
Python????2.7.2
PostgreSQL????9.2.1
Apache????2.2.22
BIND????9.8.3-P1

OS X 10.9 (Mavericks Server)[edit]

Released: October 22, 2013.

There is no separate server edition of Mavericks, just as there was no separate server edition of Mountain Lion.[17] There is a package, available from the Mac App Store for $19.99, that includes a server management app called Server, as well as other additional administrative tools to manage client profiles and Xsan,[17] and once purchased can be run on an unlimited number of machines. Those enrolled in the Mac or iOS developer programs are given a code to download OS X Server for free.

Developer Preview 110.9.010.9.1
PHP5.3.25[18]5.4.175.4.17
Python?2.7.52.7.5
PostgreSQL?9.2.49.2.4
Apache2.2.24[18]2.2.242.2.24
BIND?9.9.2-P29.9.2-P2

Server administrator tools[edit]

Box artwork for Mac OS X Server versions 10.1–10.6

Mac OS X Server comes with a variety of configuration tools that can be installed on non-server Macs as well:

System requirements[edit]

Operating System VersionProcessorMemoryHard drive
Mac OS X Server 10.4Mac computer with an Intel, PowerPC G5, PowerPC G4, or PowerPC G3 processor512 MB of physical RAM10 GB of available disk space
Mac OS X Server 10.5[7]Mac computer with an Intel, PowerPC G5, or PowerPC G4 (867 MHz or faster) processor1 GB of physical RAM20 GB of available disk space
Mac OS X Server 10.6[19]Mac desktop computer with an Intel processor (MacBook / MacBook Pro not recommended)2 GB of physical RAM10 GB of available disk space
Mac OS X Server 10.7[14]x86-64 based Macintosh computer2 GB of physical RAM7 GB of available disk space

Technical specifications[edit]

File and print services

Directory services and authentication

Mail services

Calendaring

Web hosting

Collaboration services

Application servers

Media streaming

Client management

Networking and VPN

Distributed computing

High-availability features

File systems

Management features

  • Server Assistant
  • Server Admin
  • Server Preferences
  • Server Status widget
  • Workgroup Manager
  • System Image Utility
  • Secure Shell (SSH2)
  • Server Monitor
  • RAID Utility
  • SNMPv3 (Net-SNMP)

Languages[edit]

Mac OS X Server is available in English, Japanese, French, German, Simplified Chinese, Dutch, Italian, Korean, Spanish, and Traditional Chinese.[20]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "OS X Server brings more power to your business.". Apple. Retrieved September 19, 2012. 
  2. ^ "Mac OS X Server Snow Leopard - UNIX". Apple. Archived from the original on June 9, 2011. Retrieved November 25, 2012. 
  3. ^ "Apple - OS X Server - Read the technical specifications.". Apple Inc. Retrieved October 21, 2013. 
  4. ^ "OS X Server: Admin tools compatibility information". Apple Inc. July 25, 2012. Retrieved October 21, 2013. 
  5. ^ "Apple - Mac OS X Server - Collaboration Services". Archived from the original on August 13, 2006. Retrieved November 25, 2012. 
  6. ^ In depth with Lion OS X Server - Anandtech, August 2, 2011
  7. ^ a b Apple Inc. (June 26, 2009). "Mac OS X 10.5 Server - Technical Specifications". Retrieved October 27, 2012. 
  8. ^ Enable full RADIUS support on OS X Server
  9. ^ In depth with Lion OS X Server - Anandtech, August 2, 2011
  10. ^ "Apple - Mac OS X Server Snow Leopard - 64-bit Computing". Archived from the original on June 8, 2011. Retrieved August 26, 2009. 
  11. ^ "Apple Releases Developer Preview of Mac OS X Lion". Apple. Retrieved February 24, 2011. 
  12. ^ Apple Inc. (June 6, 2011). "Mac OS X Lion With 250 New Features Available in July From Mac App Store". Retrieved June 6, 2011. 
  13. ^ In depth with Lion OS X Server - Anandtech, August 2, 2011
  14. ^ a b Apple Inc. (November 15, 2011). "OS X Lion Server - Technical Specifications". Retrieved November 25, 2012. 
  15. ^ "OS X Server". Apple Inc. June 2012. Retrieved July 31, 2012. 
  16. ^ Andrew Cunningham (July 29, 2012). "Server, simplified: A power user's guide to OS X Server". Ars Technica. Retrieved July 31, 2012. 
  17. ^ a b "OS X Server brings more power to your business.". Apple. Retrieved October 22, 2013. 
  18. ^ a b "Get Apache, PHP and MySQL working on 10.9 Mavericks". Coolestguyontheplanet.com. Retrieved June 26, 2013. 
  19. ^ "Mac OS X Server Snow Leopard - Technical Specifications". June 8, 2009. Archived from the original on June 8, 2011. Retrieved November 25, 2012. 
  20. ^ "OS X Server Technical Specifications". Apple. Retrieved November 24, 2012. 

External links[edit]