Lyndhurst, New Jersey

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Lyndhurst, New Jersey
Township
Township of Lyndhurst
Lyndhurst portion of New Jersey Meadowlands.
Map highlighting Lyndhurst's location within Bergen County. Inset: Bergen County's location within New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Lyndhurst, New Jersey
Coordinates: 40°47′53″N 74°06′48″W / 40.798004°N 74.11325°W / 40.798004; -74.11325Coordinates: 40°47′53″N 74°06′48″W / 40.798004°N 74.11325°W / 40.798004; -74.11325[1][2]
CountryUnited States
StateNew Jersey
CountyBergen
IncorporatedMay 15, 1917
Government[5]
 • TypeWalsh Act
 • MayorRobert B. Giangeruso (term ends May 17, 2013)[3]
 • ClerkHelen Polito[4]
Area[2]
 • Total4.894 sq mi (12.676 km2)
 • Land4.558 sq mi (11.806 km2)
 • Water0.336 sq mi (0.870 km2)  6.86%
Area rank279th of 566 in state
15th of 70 in county[2]
Elevation[6]10 ft (3 m)
Population (2010 Census)[7][8][9]
 • Total20,554
 • Estimate (2012[10])21,223
 • Rank126th of 566 in state
13th of 70 in county[11]
 • Density4,509.3/sq mi (1,741.1/km2)
 • Density rank128th of 566 in state
32nd of 70 in county[11]
Time zoneEastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code07071[12][13]
Area code(s)201[14]
FIPS code3400342090[15][2][16]
GNIS feature ID0882225[17][2]
Websitewww.lyndhurstnj.org
 
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Lyndhurst, New Jersey
Township
Township of Lyndhurst
Lyndhurst portion of New Jersey Meadowlands.
Map highlighting Lyndhurst's location within Bergen County. Inset: Bergen County's location within New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Lyndhurst, New Jersey
Coordinates: 40°47′53″N 74°06′48″W / 40.798004°N 74.11325°W / 40.798004; -74.11325Coordinates: 40°47′53″N 74°06′48″W / 40.798004°N 74.11325°W / 40.798004; -74.11325[1][2]
CountryUnited States
StateNew Jersey
CountyBergen
IncorporatedMay 15, 1917
Government[5]
 • TypeWalsh Act
 • MayorRobert B. Giangeruso (term ends May 17, 2013)[3]
 • ClerkHelen Polito[4]
Area[2]
 • Total4.894 sq mi (12.676 km2)
 • Land4.558 sq mi (11.806 km2)
 • Water0.336 sq mi (0.870 km2)  6.86%
Area rank279th of 566 in state
15th of 70 in county[2]
Elevation[6]10 ft (3 m)
Population (2010 Census)[7][8][9]
 • Total20,554
 • Estimate (2012[10])21,223
 • Rank126th of 566 in state
13th of 70 in county[11]
 • Density4,509.3/sq mi (1,741.1/km2)
 • Density rank128th of 566 in state
32nd of 70 in county[11]
Time zoneEastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code07071[12][13]
Area code(s)201[14]
FIPS code3400342090[15][2][16]
GNIS feature ID0882225[17][2]
Websitewww.lyndhurstnj.org

Lyndhurst is a township in Bergen County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 20,554,[7][8][9] reflecting an increase of 1,171 (+6.0%) from the 19,383 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 1,121 (+6.1%) from the 18,262 counted in the 1990 Census.[18]

Lyndhurst was originally formed as Union Township on February 19, 1852, from portions of Harrison Township. While it was still Union Township, portions of territory were taken to form Rutherford (as of September 21, 1881), Boiling Springs (April 17, 1889; now known as East Rutherford) and North Arlington (March 11, 1896). On May 15, 1917, the area was reincorporated by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature as the Township of Lyndhurst, based on the results of a referendum held one week earlier.[19]

Geography[edit]

Lyndhurst is located at 40°47′53″N 74°06′48″W / 40.798004°N 74.11325°W / 40.798004; -74.11325 (40.798004,-74.11325). According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 4.894 square miles (12.676 km2), of which, 4.558 square miles (11.806 km2) of it is land and 0.336 square miles (0.870 km2) of it (6.86%) is water.[1][2]

The Passaic River, crossed by the Avondale Bridge and the Lyndhurst Draw, creates the municipal and county border at the west. The eastern portion of the municipality is part of the uninhabited wetlands in the New Jersey Meadowlands.

Demographics[edit]

Historical populations
CensusPop.
1860957
18702,057114.9%
18803,16453.8%
18901,560*−50.7%
19001,590*1.9%
19104,076156.4%
19209,515133.4%
193017,36282.5%
194017,4540.5%
195019,98014.5%
196021,8679.4%
197022,7293.9%
198020,326−10.6%
199018,262−10.2%
200019,3836.1%
201020,5546.0%
Est. 201221,223[10]3.3%
Population sources: 1860-1920[20]
1860-1870[21] 1870[22] 1880-1890[23]
1890-1910[24] 1910-1930[25]
1900-1990[26][27] 2000[28][29] 2010[7][8][9]
* = Lost territory in previous decade.[19]

2010 Census[edit]

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 20,554 people, 8,337 households, and 5,394 families residing in the township. The population density was 4,509.3 inhabitants per square mile (1,741.1 /km2). There were 8,787 housing units at an average density of 1,927.7 per square mile (744.3 /km2). The racial makeup of the township was 82.97% (17,053) White, 1.98% (406) Black or African American, 0.17% (34) Native American, 6.59% (1,355) Asian, 0.03% (6) Pacific Islander, 5.57% (1,144) from other races, and 2.71% (556) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 18.34% (3,769) of the population.[7]

There were 8,337 households of which 25.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.9% were married couples living together, 12.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.3% were non-families. 28.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 3.07.[7]

In the township, 18.9% of the population were under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 30.2% from 25 to 44, 27.5% from 45 to 64, and 15.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40.3 years. For every 100 females there were 92.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.4 males.[7]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $68,177 (with a margin of error of +/- $6,370) and the median family income was $79,579 (+/- $4,878). Males had a median income of $56,299 (+/- $6,347) versus $44,468 (+/- $2,406) for females. The per capita income for the township was $34,233 (+/- $2,119). About 3.8% of families and 4.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.6% of those under age 18 and 6.7% of those age 65 or over.[30]

Same-sex couples headed 58 households in 2010, an increase from the 35 counted in 2000.[31]

2000 Census[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[15] there were 19,383 people, 7,877 households, and 5,206 families residing in the township. The population density was 4,169.7 people per square mile (1,609.4/km2). There were 8,103 housing units at an average density of 1,743.1 per square mile (672.8/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 89.94% White, 9.0% Hispanic or Latino, 5.40% Asian, 0.61% African American, 0.05% Native American, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 1.95% from two or more races, and 2.05% from other races.[28][29]

As of the 2000 Census, 33.8% of township residents were of Italian ancestry, the 19th-highest percentage of any municipality in the United States, and eighth-highest in New Jersey, among all places with more than 1,000 residents identifying their ancestry.[32]

There were 7,877 households out of which 25.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.1% were married couples living together, 11.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.9% were non-families. 28.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 3.06.[28][29]

In the township the population was spread out with 19.1% under the age of 18, 7.6% from 18 to 24, 32.4% from 25 to 44, 23.1% from 45 to 64, and 17.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 91.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.2 males. Lyndhurst has the highest proportion of single females ages 18–25.[28][29]

The median income for a household in the township was $53,375, and the median income for a family was $63,758. Males had a median income of $42,359 versus $35,429 for females. The per capita income for the township was $25,940. About 2.8% of families and 4.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.2% of those under age 18 and 7.6% of those age 65 or over.[28][29]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

The Township of Lyndhurst has been governed under the Walsh Act form of New Jersey municipal government since 1913.[33] All committee members are elected concurrently at-large on a partisan basis to four-year terms of office, with the five members selecting a mayor from amongst its members after each election.[5]

As of 2013, members of the Township Committee are Mayor Robert B. Giangeruso (Commissioner of Public Safety), Thomas DiMaggio (Commissioner of Parks and Public Property), Theodore J. Dudek (Commissioner of Revenue and Finance), John J. Montillo, Jr. (Commissioner of Public Affairs) and Matthew T. Ruzzo (Commissioner of Public Works), all of whom are serving concurrent terms of office that end in May 2017.[34][35][36][4]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Lyndhurst is located in the 9th Congressional District[37] and is part of New Jersey's 36th state legislative district.[8][38][39]

New Jersey's Ninth Congressional District is represented by Bill Pascrell (D, Paterson).[40] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark; took office on October 31, 2013, after winning a special election to fill the seat of Frank Lautenberg)[41][42] and Bob Menendez (D, North Bergen).[43][44]

The 36th District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Paul Sarlo (D, Wood-Ridge) and in the General Assembly by Marlene Caride (D, Ridgefield) and Gary Schaer (D], Passaic).[45] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[46] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[47]

Bergen County is governed by a directly elected County Executive, with legislative functions performed by a seven-member Board of Chosen Freeholders.[48] The County Executive is Kathleen Donovan (R, Rutherford; term ends December 31, 2014).[49] The seven freeholders are elected at-large in partisan elections on a staggered basis, with two or three seats coming up for election each year, with a Chairman, Vice Chairman and Chairman Pro Tempore selected from among its members at a reorganization meeting held each January.[50] As of 2013, Bergen County's Freeholders are Freeholder Chairman David L. Ganz (D, 2014; Fair Lawn),[51] Vice Chairwoman Joan Voss (D, 2014; Fort Lee),[52] Chairman Pro Tempore John A. Felice (R, 2013; River Edge),[53] Maura R. DeNicola (R, 2013; Franklin Lakes),[54] John D. Mitchell (R, 2013; Cliffside Park),[55] Steve Tanelli (D, 2015; North Arlington)[56] and Tracy Silna Zur (D, 2015; Franklin Lakes).[56][57] Countywide constitutional officials are Sheriff Michael Saudino (R), Surrogate Michael R. Dressler (D, Cresskill) and County Clerk John S. Hogan (D, Northvale).[58]

Politics[edit]

As of Election Day, November 4, 2008, there were 10,799 registered voters. Of registered voters, 3,181 (29.5% of all registered voters) were registered as Democrats, 2,290 (21.2%) were registered as Republicans and 5,323 (49.3%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were five voters registered to other parties.[59]

In the 2008 presidential election, Republican John McCain received 50.0% of the vote here (4,332 ballots cast), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama, who received 48.7% of the vote (4,225 ballots), with 80.6% of registered voters participating.[59] In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 50.5% of the vote in Lyndhurst (4,346 cast), ahead of Democrat John Kerry, who received around 48.3% (4,163 votes), with 8,612 ballots cast among the township's 11,721 registered voters, for a turnout of 73.5%.[60]

Education[edit]

The Lyndhurst School District serves students in kindergarten through twelfth grade. Schools in the district (with 2010-11 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[61]) are six elementary schools — Columbus School[62] (grades K-3; 133 students), Franklin School[63] (K-3; 240), Jefferson School[64] (4-8; 279), Lincoln School[65] (4-8; 277), Roosevelt School[66] (4-8; 444) and Washington School[67] (K-3; 265) — along with Lyndhurst High School[68] (9-12; 693).[69]

Founded in 1956, Sacred Heart School is a Catholic elementary school serving students in Kindergarten through eighth grade that operates under the auspices of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Newark.[70][71]

Emergency services[edit]

Police[edit]

The Lyndhurst Police Department (LPD) provides emergency and protective services to the township of Lyndhurst, and is led by Chief James B. O'Connor.[72] The LPD was established on January 1, 1907, under the laws of Union Township. The department has lost four officers in the line of duty; which is higher than any other municipality in Bergen County.[73]

A Police Auxiliary Unit falls under the Police Department and the Office of Emergency Management. The Police Auxiliary members augment the services of the Police Department, with participants required to dedicate at least 16 hours a month for patrols on weekends, evenings and at township events and functions.[74]

Fire[edit]

The Lyndhurst Fire Department (LFD) is an all-volunteer fire department. The LFD was organized in February 1886. The department is staffed by 70 fully trained firefighters and responds to an average of 600 calls per year.[75]

Ambulance[edit]

The township of Lyndhurst runs both a volunteer and paid ambulance service. Residents can depend on the Lyndhurst Police Emergency Squad for emergency services. The volunteers respond to medical calls from 6pm to 6am Monday through Friday and on a 24-hour basis on weekends, while the paid division is staffed from 6am-6pm during the week.[76]

Transportation[edit]

The Lyndhurst Draw crosses the Passaic River carrying the NJT Main Line and Metro North Port Jervis Line.

Public transportation[edit]

New Jersey Transit has two train stations in Lyndhurst, located at Lyndhurst Station[77] and Kingsland Station.[78] Trains at both stations operate on the Main Line to Hoboken Terminal, with transfers available at Secaucus Junction to New York Penn Station, Newark Penn Station, and Newark Airport, with transfers at Hoboken to PATH trains, Hudson Bergen Light Rail, and New York Waterway ferries.[79] The trains travel over the Lyndhurst Draw, a railroad bridge crossing the Passaic River between Clifton and Lyndhurst that was constructed in 1901 and is owned and operated by New Jersey Transit Rail Operations.[80]

New Jersey Transit offers buses serving Newark on the 76 route and to the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan on the 191, 192, 193 and 195 routes.[81] Lyndhurst is also served by DeCamp Bus Lines routes 32, 44 and 99.[82]

Roads[edit]

Route 17 and County Route 507 pass through Lyndhurst. Route 3 is just over the northern border of Lyndhurst in neighboring Rutherford. Also, Route 21 is across the Passaic River in neighboring Nutley and Clifton.

The New Jersey Turnpike Western Spur (Interstate 95) passes through the southeastern part, but the closest interchanges are in East Rutherford (Exit 16W) and Kearny (Exit 15W).[83]

The Avondale-DeJessa Bridge, which connects Lyndhurst and Nutley over the Passaic River with one lane in each direction, carries more than 26,000 vehicles a day, and is among 22 bridges in Bergen County that have been classified as "structurally deficient".[84]

Economy[edit]

Lyndhurst was historically a producer of machinery and metal products.

Lyndhurst is also home to several locally owned and operated businesses such as Mazur's Bakery[85] and the Lyndhurst Pastry Shop, which produces regionally acclaimed Italian cakes and pastries, homemade Italian Ice during the spring, summer and fall. The main business sections are Valley Brook Avenue, Ridge Road and Stuyvesant Avenue. Lyndhurst has many neighborhood delis, eateries, restaurants and stores which allow residents the ability to walk rather than drive.

Because portions of the township are located in the New Jersey Meadowlands, a number of radio stations have their transmitters and towers located in Lyndhurst. These include AM stations WOR and WINS, as well as Amateur Radio and HD TV station W2INS.[86]

Lyndhurst Meadowlands is home to one of nine Medieval Times dinner theaters.

Lyndhurst, together with North Arlington and Rutherford, was the site of the EnCap project, an effort to remediate landfills on the 785-acre (3.18 km2) site and construct homes and golf courses on top of the cleaned up site. On May 27, 2008, the New Jersey Meadowlands Commission terminated its agreement with EnCap Golf Holdings, the company that had the contract to redevelop the site, after the company had missed targets to clean up the landfills as part of the project.[87]

At one time LJN Toys had its headquarters in Lyndhurst.[88]

From 1946 until 1966, Lyndhurst was home to the BUR Barbell Company, the second-largest producer of weight training equipment in the United States.

Kingsland explosion[edit]

On January 11, 1917, a fire started in Building 30 of the Canadian Car and Foundry Company, in what is now Lyndhurst, in a plant that was producing munitions for sale to the United Kingdom and the Russian Empire during World War I. After a spill of flammable liquid started a fire in a building where shells were cleaned, about 500,000, three-inch (76 mm) explosive shells were discharged in about four hours, destroying the entire facility.[89] It was said to have been a spectacle more magnificent than the explosion at Black Tom in Jersey City, New Jersey.

Tessie McNamara, who operated the company switchboard, was credited with saving 1,400 lives, contacting each of the buildings and shouting the warning, "Get out or go up!" Thanks to her dedication, no one was killed in the fire.[90] The Lyndhurst Historical Society has created a vest pocket park dedicated to the memory of McNamara.[91] The park is located on Clay Avenue, between Valley Brook Avenue and Wall Street West. The brick stack can be seen from this park.

Sports and recreation[edit]

Town Mascot & Names: Lyndhurst Golden Bears/Lyndhurst Post 139/Lyndhurst Cubs/Lyndhurst Bulldogs

Lyndhurst baseball[edit]

American Legion, Cricket, Lyndhurst Florist, Hild Landscaping, and Stellatos make up the Lyndhurst-American Little League Baseball club. Amvets Post 20, Bergen County Glass, Century 21, Elks Club, I.A.C.L, and Savinos make up the Lyndhurst-National Little League Baseball club.[92]

On July 14, 2006, the Lyndhurst-American Little League baseball team ended their 17-year drought to become district champs. Throughout the nine district play-off games, Lyndhurst-American hit 14 home runs and eventually emerged as sectional finalists; two wins away from appearing on national television.[93]

Lyndhurst Youth Soccer[edit]

Lyndhurst Youth Soccer has approximately 600 players from age 5 to age 13 and several travel teams.[94]

Notable people[edit]

Notable current and former residents of Lyndhurst include:

Historic sites[edit]

Lyndhurst is home to the following locations on the National Register of Historic Places:[102]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f County Subdivisions: New Jersey - 2010 Census Gazetteer Files, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 9, 2013.
  3. ^ 2013 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed May 12, 2013.
  4. ^ a b Bergen County Directory 2012 - 2013, Bergen County, New Jersey. Accessed August 12, 2013.
  5. ^ a b 2005 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, April 2005, p. 63.
  6. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Township of Lyndhurst, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 7, 2013.
  7. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Lyndhurst township, Bergen County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed March 8, 2013.
  8. ^ a b c d Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 14. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  9. ^ a b c Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Lyndhurst township, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed March 8, 2013.
  10. ^ a b PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012 - 2012 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 7, 2013.
  11. ^ a b GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed March 8, 2013.
  12. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code, United States Postal Service. Accessed September 6, 2011.
  13. ^ Zip Codes, State of New Jersey. Accessed October 13, 2013.
  14. ^ Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for Lyndhurst, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed October 13, 2013.
  15. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  16. ^ A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed June 24, 2012.
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  19. ^ a b Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 80 re Lyndhurst, p. 87 re Union Township. Accessed August 12, 2013.
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  21. ^ Raum, John O. The History of New Jersey: From Its Earliest Settlement to the Present Time, Volume 1, p. 240, J. E. Potter and company, 1877. Accessed August 12, 2013. "Union was set off from Harrison, Hudson county and annexed to Bergen county in 1852. Its population in 1860 was 957, and in 1870, 2,057."
  22. ^ Staff. A compendium of the ninth census, 1870, p. 259. United States Census Bureau, 1872. Accessed August 12, 2013.
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  27. ^ Bergen County Data Book 2013, Bergen County, New Jersey. Accessed August 12, 2013.
  28. ^ a b c d e Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for Lyndhurst township, United States Census Bureau. Accessed March 8, 2013.
  29. ^ a b c d e DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Lyndhurst township, Bergen County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed March 8, 2013.
  30. ^ DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Lyndhurst township, Bergen County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed April 23, 2012.
  31. ^ Lipman, Harvy; and Sheingold, Dave. "North Jersey sees 30% growth in same-sex couples", The Record (Bergen County), August 14, 2011. Accessed July 26, 2013.
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  33. ^ The Commission Form of Municipal Government, p. 53. Accessed August 11, 2007.
  34. ^ Officials, Township of Lyndhurst. Accessed May 19, 2013.
  35. ^ Grant, Meghan. "It's Lyndhurst First 2013 for board of commissioners", South Bergenite, May 23, 2013. Accessed August 12, 2013. "The initial count is in with the Lyndhurst First 2013 team winning the Lyndhurst Board of Commissioners Election held Tuesday, May 14. Incumbents Mayor Robert Giangeruso and Commissioner Thomas DiMaggio, and candidates Theodore Dudek, Matthew Ruzzo and John Montillo Jr. will be serving on the Lyndhurst of Board of Commissioners for the next four years."
  36. ^ New Commissioners Take Oath of Office, Township of Lyndhurst. accessed August 12, 2013. "On May 21, 2013, the new Commissioners were sworn in at the Bandshell. They are Mayor Robert B. Giangeruso who will be responsible for Public Safety, Commissioner Thomas A. DiMaggio-Parks and Public Property, Commissioner Theodore J. Dudes-Revenue and Finance, Commissioner John J. Montillo, Jr.-Public Affairs and Commissioner Matthew T. Ruzzo-Public Works."
  37. ^ Plan Components Report, New Jersey Redistricting Commission, December 23, 2011. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  38. ^ 2012 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 60, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  39. ^ Districts by Number for 2011-2020, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  40. ^ Directory of Representatives: New Jersey, United States House of Representatives. Accessed January 5, 2012.
  41. ^ Cory A. Booker, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013.
  42. ^ via Associated Press. "Booker is officially a U.S. senator after being sworn in", NJ.com, October 31, 2013. Accessed October 31, 2013. "Former Newark Mayor Cory Booker was sworn in as a Democratic senator from New Jersey today, taking the oath of office, exchanging hugs with Vice President Joe Biden and acknowledging the applause of friends and family members seated in the visitor's gallery that rings the chamber.... Booker, 44, was elected to fill out the term of the late Sen. Frank Lautenberg, who died earlier this year."
  43. ^ Biography of Bob Menendez, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013. "He currently lives in North Bergen and has two children, Alicia and Robert."
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  45. ^ Legislative Roster 2012-2013 Session, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 11, 2012.
  46. ^ "About the Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  47. ^ "About the Lieutenant Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  48. ^ Bergen County Overview, p. 20. Bergen County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
  49. ^ Bergen County Executive, Bergen County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013
  50. ^ What Is a Freeholder?, Bergen County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
  51. ^ David L. Ganz, Bergen County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
  52. ^ Joan M. Voss, Bergen County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
  53. ^ John A. Felice, Bergen County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
  54. ^ Maura R. DeNicola, Bergen County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
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