Lynchburg is an unincorporated community in southeastern Laclede County, Missouri, United States, located 30 miles south of Lebanon. It is home to about 400 people. The post office was closed in 2004, but the town does have a volunteer fire department and a store. The saying "If I pay taxes on both sides of the road, I ought to be able to walk on both sides of the road" came from Allen Scott (1854–1951), a Lynchburg resident. The town is named after John Lynch, who served as sheriff immediately following the Civil War and had a propensity for lynching people.
According to Cecil Benson, local historian and barber at Plato, Mo., Lynchburg was founded by Dr. Ransom Batterton Lynch. He wanted to be a postmaster and Plato already had a post office and a postmaster so he moved to Laclede County and founded Lynchburg and became the first postmaster there.