Lusk, Wyoming

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Lusk, Wyoming
Town
Downtown. Intersection of US Highways 18, 20, and 85.
Downtown. Intersection of US Highways 18, 20, and 85.
Motto: "The Little Town With Big Possibilities"
Location of Lusk, Wyoming
Location of Lusk, Wyoming
Coordinates: 42°45′38″N 104°27′10″W / 42.76056°N 104.45278°W / 42.76056; -104.45278Coordinates: 42°45′38″N 104°27′10″W / 42.76056°N 104.45278°W / 42.76056; -104.45278
CountryUnited States
StateWyoming
CountyNiobrara
Incorporated1886
Government
 • TypeCity Council
 • MayorPatricia Smith
Area[1]
 • Total2.07 sq mi (5.36 km2)
 • Land2.07 sq mi (5.36 km2)
 • Water0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation5,020 ft (1,530 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total1,567
 • Estimate (2012[3])1,557
 • Density757.0/sq mi (292.3/km2)
Time zoneMountain (MST) (UTC-7)
 • Summer (DST)MDT (UTC-6)
ZIP code82225
Area code(s)307
FIPS code56-48530[4]
GNIS feature ID1591129[5]
WebsiteTown of Lusk, Wyoming
 
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Lusk may also refer to a rural town in the part of County Dublin now overseen by Fingal County Council, Ireland.
Lusk, Wyoming
Town
Downtown. Intersection of US Highways 18, 20, and 85.
Downtown. Intersection of US Highways 18, 20, and 85.
Motto: "The Little Town With Big Possibilities"
Location of Lusk, Wyoming
Location of Lusk, Wyoming
Coordinates: 42°45′38″N 104°27′10″W / 42.76056°N 104.45278°W / 42.76056; -104.45278Coordinates: 42°45′38″N 104°27′10″W / 42.76056°N 104.45278°W / 42.76056; -104.45278
CountryUnited States
StateWyoming
CountyNiobrara
Incorporated1886
Government
 • TypeCity Council
 • MayorPatricia Smith
Area[1]
 • Total2.07 sq mi (5.36 km2)
 • Land2.07 sq mi (5.36 km2)
 • Water0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation5,020 ft (1,530 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total1,567
 • Estimate (2012[3])1,557
 • Density757.0/sq mi (292.3/km2)
Time zoneMountain (MST) (UTC-7)
 • Summer (DST)MDT (UTC-6)
ZIP code82225
Area code(s)307
FIPS code56-48530[4]
GNIS feature ID1591129[5]
WebsiteTown of Lusk, Wyoming

Lusk is a high-plains town in the eastern part of the state of Wyoming. The town is the seat of Niobrara County.[6] The town was founded in July 1886, by Frank S. Lusk, a renowned Wyoming rancher, partner in the Western Live Stock Company, and stockholder in the Wyoming Central Railway. Cattle ranching remains the primary industry in the town of Lusk.

The population was 1,567 at the 2010 census. The town of Lusk is known for being the county seat of the least populated county in the least populated state in the US. In comparison, the county is approximately twice the size of the state of Rhode Island, with only 1/500 of the population.[7]

History[edit]

In 1874, the Black Hills Gold Rush brought fortune seekers to the Wyoming Territory. Within two years, the stage coach route between Cheyenne, Wyoming and Deadwood, South Dakota delivered freight, including salt pork and whiskey. The boom also brought armored stage coaches and gold bricks, along with Indians and thieves.[8] The Cheyenne–Deadwood route operated from 1876 to 1887, when it was replaced by the Wyoming Central Railway.[9]

Frank S. Lusk[edit]

Frank S. Lusk (1857–1930) was a renowned Wyoming rancher and stockholder in the Wyoming Central Railway. Initially residing in Cleveland, Ohio, he moved to Denver, Colorado in 1876 and built the Western Live Stock Company under a partnership agreement and established a ranch east of Greeley. In 1877, Lusk traveled to the Wyoming Territory for the first time on personal business and left highly impressed with the people and the area. In 1879, eastern Colorado had grown to the point that Lusk, along with his partners began exploring options outside of the area.[10] His thoughts were recorded in the 1923 Annals of Wyoming: Quarterly Bulletin:

My partners were favorable to moving into eastern Colorado near the Nebraska state line but I remembered the people I had met earlier in Wyoming and those I had subsequently met were a fine class of people and I decided we would go to Wyoming.[10][11]

—Frank S. Lusk

Lusk and the Western Live Stock Company arrived in the Wyoming Territory in 1880 via Denver, establishing the Node Ranch, located about 15 miles east of present day Lusk. A year later, he bought some land about three miles outside of Lusk, which included the Running Water Stage Station. Buildings on the land included a stone barn and shelters that had been used by the Cheyenne–Deadwood stage route. Lusk established a hay ranch on the property. He organized his horse ranch at the site of what would later become the town of Lusk.[10][11]

Lusk Post Office[edit]

After establishing his three ranch properties, it became clear that the nearest post office was located in Rawhide Buttes, 15 miles south of the hay ranch. Collecting the mail required a ride of 40 miles round trip. In response, one of the partners in the Gilmer and Salisbury Express Stage told Lusk that he should set up a post office at the ranch, which would provide for delivery of the mail, rather than requiring him to make the ride to Rawhide Buttes. When Lusk sent in the application to the Post Office Department, everything was complete, but he didn't indicate a name for the post office. When asked about it later, Lusk told the star route representative that he was "busy and told him to do whatever he thought would, without a doubt, establish a post office for us. He told me he had suggested that it be called 'Lusk' and in due course of time it was so established".[10][11]

Wyoming Central Railway[edit]

In 1886, the Fremont, Elkhorn and Missouri Valley Railroad wanted to extend their line west from Nebraska toward Casper, Wyoming, in order to transport coal. The territorial laws at that time required railroad companies to incorporate within the territory, before they were allowed to build or operate lines in the area. In order to meet the requirements allow construction and ownership, the Wyoming Central Railway was established as a dummy corporation. While Frank Lusk had been a successful cattleman, he was named as a director and only resident stockholder of the company. Letters of incorporation listed the base of operations as Lusk, Wyoming.[10][11]

While Lusk was the only post office in Wyoming on the entire (proposed) line and was named as the place of business of the company in its incorporation papers, it wasn't officially established until July of that year, when railroad engineers laid the first plat for the town. That same year, the towns of Douglas, and Casper, Wyoming were officially established in the same manner by Lusk, on behalf of the Wyoming Central Railway.[10][11]

After the turn of the century, there was another mining boom. Silver was discovered in the hills surrounding Lusk, which brought a steady stream of miners to the area. By the 1950s, growth in the area stabilized when cattle ranching usurped mining as the primary industry of the town.[8]

Geography[edit]

Lusk is located at 42°45′38″N 104°27′10″W / 42.76056°N 104.45278°W / 42.76056; -104.45278 (42.760674, -104.452729).[12] According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 2.07 square miles (5.36 km2), all of it land.[1] The town is 20 miles west of the Nebraska border and sits at 5,000 feet above sea level, surrounded by the southeastern extension of the Black Hills National Forest.

Climate[edit]

Lusk experiences a dry humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dfb)[13] with cold, dry winters and hot, humid summers.

Climate data for Lusk, Wyoming
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °F (°C)69
(21)
69
(21)
79
(26)
87
(31)
94
(34)
105
(41)
105
(41)
102
(39)
100
(38)
87
(31)
76
(24)
70
(21)
105
(41)
Average high °F (°C)33.6
(0.9)
38.3
(3.5)
45.7
(7.6)
54.7
(12.6)
64.6
(18.1)
75.7
(24.3)
83.3
(28.5)
82.5
(28.1)
72.6
(22.6)
59.9
(15.5)
43.3
(6.3)
35.7
(2.1)
57.49
(14.18)
Daily mean °F (°C)21.9
(−5.6)
26.3
(−3.2)
33.2
(0.7)
41.7
(5.4)
51.3
(10.7)
61.3
(16.3)
68.0
(20)
66.7
(19.3)
56.8
(13.8)
45.0
(7.2)
31.0
(−0.6)
23.4
(−4.8)
43.88
(6.6)
Average low °F (°C)10.1
(−12.2)
14.3
(−9.8)
20.7
(−6.3)
28.6
(−1.9)
38.0
(3.3)
46.9
(8.3)
52.7
(11.5)
50.9
(10.5)
40.9
(4.9)
30.0
(−1.1)
18.6
(−7.4)
11.0
(−11.7)
30.23
(−0.99)
Record low °F (°C)−38
(−39)
−33
(−36)
−20
(−29)
−9
(−23)
8
(−13)
24
(−4)
33
(1)
31
(−1)
6
(−14)
−8
(−22)
−24
(−31)
−36
(−38)
−38
(−39)
Precipitation inches (mm)0.59
(15)
0.62
(15.7)
1.23
(31.2)
2.25
(57.2)
2.74
(69.6)
2.13
(54.1)
1.96
(49.8)
1.00
(25.4)
1.29
(32.8)
1.28
(32.5)
0.77
(19.6)
0.65
(16.5)
16.51
(419.4)
Source #1: NOAA (normals, 1971–2000) [14]
Source #2: The Weather Channel (Records) [15]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
CensusPop.
1890253
1900180−28.9%
1910414130.0%
19202,092405.3%
19301,218−41.8%
19401,81448.9%
19502,08915.2%
19601,890−9.5%
19701,495−20.9%
19801,65010.4%
19901,504−8.8%
20001,447−3.8%
20101,5678.3%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 1,567 people, 658 households, and 373 families residing in the town. The population density was 757.0 inhabitants per square mile (292.3 /km2). There were 790 housing units at an average density of 381.6 per square mile (147.3 /km2). The racial makeup of the town was 95.7% White, 0.3% African American, 1.1% Native American, 0.6% Asian, 0.6% from other races, and 1.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.5% of the population.

There were 658 households of which 22.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.2% were married couples living together, 9.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.2% had a male householder with no wife present, and 43.3% were non-families. 39.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.06 and the average family size was 2.75.

The median age in the town was 43.5 years. 18.3% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.9% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 27% were from 25 to 44; 29.1% were from 45 to 64; and 18.7% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 42.2% male and 57.8% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 1,447 people, 611 households, and 381 families residing in the town. The population density was 721.7 people per square mile (278.0/km²). There were 782 housing units at an average density of 390 per square mile (150.2/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.86 percent White, 0.21 percent African American, .62 percent Native American, .14 percent Asian, .41 percent from other races, and .76 percent from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.59 percent of the population.

There were 611 households out of which 27 percent had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.7 percent were married couples living together, 8 percent had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.5 percent were non-families. Individuals living alone accounted for 35 percent of all households and 17 percent of those living alone were over the age of 65 years. The average household size was 2.2 and the average family size was 2.84.

Within the town limits, the population was spread out with 22.4 percent under the age of 18, 7.7 percent between 18–24, 26.5 percent between 25–44, 24.1 percent between 45–64, and 19.2 percent who were over the age of 65 years. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 82.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 74.7 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $29,760, and the median income for a family was $37,583. Males had a median income of $28,333 versus $17,188 for females. The per capita income for the town was $15,847. About 9.2 percent of families and 14.2 percent of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.7 percent of those under age 18 and 13.1 percent of those age 65 or over.

Arts and culture[edit]

Covered Wagon Motel in town center
Annual cultural events
Museums and points of interest

Parks and recreation[edit]

While the Parks Department offers recreational opportunities through the golf course and swimming pool, the Lusk Recreation Department offers competitive and noncompetitive sports programming for both youth and adults. Summer leagues include adult coed softball, and youth baseball and soccer. The department also presents a summer Art in the Park program.[18]

The Parks and Recreation Department maintains the town swimming pool and three parks, including Washington Park, Northside Park, and Audrey Park. Open May through October, all the parks offer playground equipment.[19] The swimming pool, known as "Lusk Plunge", is located at Northside Park.[20] The department also maintains the nine-hole Lusk Municipal Golf Course. Opened in 1942, the course is located west of the town on Highway 273 and offers several tournaments a year.[21]

Municipal government[edit]

The municipal government of Lusk encompass a mayor and four council members, representing some citizens area wide. City officials are elected to four-year terms. Open public meetings are held on a monthly basis to receive feedback from citizens, address concerns, express collective decisions, and vote on motions, proposals, resolutions, and orders.[22]

The Women's Center of the Wyoming Department of Corrections is located in Lusk.[23] The center was initially operated by the Wyoming Board of Charities and Reform, until it was dissolved as a result of a State Constitutional Amendment passed in November 1990.[24]

Education[edit]

Public education in the town of Lusk is provided by Niobrara County School District #1. Local schools include Lusk Elementary/Middle School (grades K–8) and Niobrara County High School (grades 9–12).

Media[edit]

The major daily newspaper in the town of Lusk is the Lusk Herald, owned by the News Media Corporation, which offers both print and online editions.[25] Television broadcasting is offered through Comcast Cable, Dish Network, and DIRECTV service providers. While the town does not have local network affiliate stations, local and statewide news programming is offered through the ABC affiliate, KTWO-TV (Casper); FOX affiliate KLWY (Cheyenne); CBS affiliate KGWN (Cheyenne); and NBC affiliate KCHY-LP (Cheyenne).

Infrastructure[edit]

Transportation[edit]

The Department of Public Works operates and maintains the Lusk Municipal Airport, located 3 miles (4.8 km) east of town.[26]

Utilities[edit]

The Department of Public Works maintains and delivers utility services within the town including water, electricity, streets, sewer, sanitation, landfill, and recycling.

Safety and healthcare[edit]

Safety and healthcare infrastructure include law enforcement, medical emergency transport, fire protection, which is maintained through the Lusk Volunteer Fire Department. As of 2012, the department includes 21 fully trained and certified volunteer firefighters. Senior department officers provide training classes and certification through accreditation with the State of Wyoming, National Fire Protection Association, National Wildfire Coordinating Group, and National Fire Academy.[27]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-14. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-14. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-01. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  7. ^ GIO/OC (2009-10-02). "Science In Your Backyard: Welcome". Usgs.gov. Retrieved 2012-03-12. 
  8. ^ a b Benedict, Jeff. No Bone Unturned: The Adventures of a Top Smithsonian Forensic Scientist and the Legal Battle for America's Oldest Skeletons, HarperCollins Publishers, page 1, 2003. ISBN 978-0-06-019923-4
  9. ^ Barnhart, Bill (February 26, 1969). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory Nomination Form: Cheyenne-Black Hills Stage Route and Rawhide Buttes and Running Water Stage Stations". National Park Service. Retrieved 2009-06-11. 
  10. ^ a b c d e f "FRANK LUSK FOUNDED 3 WYOMING TOWNS". Niobrara County Library. Retrieved 2012-03-12. 
  11. ^ a b c d e "Annals of Wyoming". Archive.org. Retrieved 2012-03-12. 
  12. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  13. ^ United States. "Lusk, Niobrara, Wyoming, United States - City, Town and Village of the world". En.db-city.com. Retrieved 2012-03-12. 
  14. ^ "Climatography of the United States NO.81". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved January 13, 2011. 
  15. ^ "Monthly Averages for Lusk, WY". The Weather Channel. Retrieved January 13, 2011. 
  16. ^ "The Legend of Rawhide". The Legend of Rawhide. Retrieved 2012-03-12. 
  17. ^ "index". Paleopark.com. Retrieved 2012-03-12. 
  18. ^ "Lusk Recreation Department - Lusk, Wyoming". Townoflusk.org. Retrieved 2012-03-12. 
  19. ^ "City Parks - Lusk, Wyoming". Townoflusk.org. Retrieved 2012-03-12. 
  20. ^ "Lusk Plunge - Lusk, Wyoming". Townoflusk.org. Retrieved 2012-03-12. 
  21. ^ "Lusk Municipal Golf Course - Lusk, Wyoming". Townoflusk.org. Retrieved 2012-03-12. 
  22. ^ "City Officials - Lusk, Wyoming". Townoflusk.org. Retrieved 2012-03-12. 
  23. ^ "Department of Corrections". Doc.state.wy.us. Retrieved 2012-03-12. 
  24. ^ "Department of Corrections". Doc.state.wy.us. 1996-07-01. Retrieved 2012-03-12. 
  25. ^ "Lusk Herald news information happenings Lusk WY 82225". Luskherald.com. Retrieved 2012-03-12. 
  26. ^ "Public Works - Lusk, Wyoming". Townoflusk.org. Retrieved 2012-03-12. 
  27. ^ "Lusk Volunteer Fire Department - Lusk, Wyoming". Townoflusk.org. Retrieved 2012-03-12. 
  28. ^ "Judge James E. Barrett". Find A Grave. Retrieved November 15, 2012. 
  29. ^ "Dick Ellsworth Stats". Bazseball Almanac. Retrieved November 15, 2012. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]