Lumsden, Newfoundland and Labrador

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Lumsden
Cat Harbour
Town
Lumsden, Newfoundland and Labrador is located in Newfoundland
Lumsden
Location of Lumsden in Newfoundland
Coordinates: 49°16′58.8″N 53°37′1.2″W / 49.283000°N 53.617000°W / 49.283000; -53.617000
Country Canada
Province Newfoundland and Labrador
Incorporated1968
Government
 • MayorLarry Parsons
Area
 • Total20.43 km2 (7.89 sq mi)
Population (2006)[1]
 • Total533
 • Density26.1/km2 (68/sq mi)
Time zoneNewfoundland Time (UTC-3:30)
 • Summer (DST)Newfoundland Daylight (UTC-2:30)
Postal code spanA0G 3E0
Area code(s)709
 
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Lumsden
Cat Harbour
Town
Lumsden, Newfoundland and Labrador is located in Newfoundland
Lumsden
Location of Lumsden in Newfoundland
Coordinates: 49°16′58.8″N 53°37′1.2″W / 49.283000°N 53.617000°W / 49.283000; -53.617000
Country Canada
Province Newfoundland and Labrador
Incorporated1968
Government
 • MayorLarry Parsons
Area
 • Total20.43 km2 (7.89 sq mi)
Population (2006)[1]
 • Total533
 • Density26.1/km2 (68/sq mi)
Time zoneNewfoundland Time (UTC-3:30)
 • Summer (DST)Newfoundland Daylight (UTC-2:30)
Postal code spanA0G 3E0
Area code(s)709

The community of Lumsden, formerly known as Cat Harbour, is located on the Straight Shore of Newfoundland and Labrador near communities such as Musgrave Harbour and Newtown. Lumsden was formerly made up of two settlements, Lumsden North on the tip of a sandy peninsula and Lumsden South on the main road. Although the harbour in Lumsden is not ideal because it is not sheltered, Lumsden does have great fishing grounds.[2]

History[edit]

Lumsden, then called Cat Harbour, was visited as early as the 18th century by French fishermen because of its good inshore fishing grounds. It was a part of the French Shore until 1783. In 1836 census the population was recorded as 97 for Lumsden and Cape Freels combined. The population of Lumsden increased as the migratory fishery declined because people began to setlle permanently. The name was changed from Cat Harbour to Lumsden in 1917 after the Rev. James Lumsden. The economy in Lumsden was based on the Labrador fishery, inshore fishery, seal fishery, and woods work. There was also a small boat fishery which trucked the fish to the community of Valleyfield. The people of Lumsden were avid supporters of the Fisherman's Protective Union, a local council was formed in 1901 and a Union Store was built in 1912 and was open until 1932. The first highroad in Lumsden was built in 1952, a regional highschool was built ten years later in 1962. Eventually Lumsden North and South merged when the North settlement was vacated, and the town of Lumsden was incorporated in 1968.[3]

Larry Parsons, the community's Mayor since May 2007, was killed in February 2008 following the sinking of a tugboat he was aboard.[4][5]

Church history[edit]

The first people in Lumsden were Church of England and Roman Catholic. The nearest missionary was Rev. Coster in Greenspond. He first visited Lumsden in June 1832 and he baptized eleven children. The Rev. Gilchrist visited Lumsden twice a year during his mission in Greenspond, and the Rev. Julian Moreton also visited and recorded it in his journal and reports.[6] The Methodist population began to increase in the 1850s and by the 20th century Methodism was dominant in Lumsden. The first Methodist church was built by 1898 but it burned down in 1915. The first Jehovah's Witnesses in Newfoundland were in Lumsden North in 1917, started by a local merchant Wesley Howell. A school room was opened in 1859 with a Mr. Moses Davis as the teacher, a new school came in 1910.[3]

Census information[edit]

1845185718691874
population146199202183
inhabited houses18262826
families-303430
Church of England12016711288
Roman Catholic26113128
Wesleyan/Methodist0215967
not attending school--65112
can read and write---32
seamen/fishermen55543932
merchants/traders-2-1
catching/curing fish-1175651
stores/barns/outhouses-172029
fishing rooms in use-191720
total boats21254543
nets and seines8274361
cod fish cured (qtls)-3700-2545
salmon (tes)---5
herring (brls)---20
vessels in seal fishery-111
men on board-678
tonnage-252829
sealing nets1--
oil produced (Galls)-3554-2002
tons of hay-19.51825.5
barrels of potatoes200734711374
barrels of turnip--226
cattle/cows-192930
horses-315
swine/goats-62916
butter produced (lbs)-172-570

Directory[edit]

Interesting facts[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Community highlights for Lumsden, NL". Statistics Canada. 2006 Census. Retrieved 2008-02-03. 
  2. ^ W.G Handcock and C.W. Sanger, Outports on the Northeast Coast of Newfoundland, 1981.
  3. ^ a b c d Encyclopedia of Newfoundland and Labrador
  4. ^ "Newfoundland mayor one of two dead in sinking". National Post. 1 February 2008. Retrieved 2008-02-03. 
  5. ^ Brautigam, Tara (2 February 2008). "Communities in mourning print this article". The Telegram. Retrieved 2008-02-03. 
  6. ^ Naboth Winsor, Through Peril, Toil and Pain
  7. ^ J. Lovell, Lovell's Newfoundland Directory, 1871.
  8. ^ a b Newfoundland Almanac

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 49°16′59″N 53°37′01″W / 49.283°N 53.617°W / 49.283; -53.617