Luhansk

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Luhansk
Луганськ
Flag of Luhansk
Flag
Coat of arms of Luhansk
Coat of arms
Map of Ukraine with Luhansk highlighted.
Map of Ukraine with Luhansk highlighted.
Luhansk is located in Ukraine
Luhansk
Luhansk
Location of Luhansk
Coordinates: 48°34′0″N 39°20′0″E / 48.56667°N 39.33333°E / 48.56667; 39.33333
Country
Oblast
Raion
Ukraine
Luhansk Oblast
Founded1795
Government
 • MayorSerhiy Ivanovych Kravchenko
Area
 • Total257 km2 (99 sq mi)
Elevation105 m (344 ft)
Population (2004)
 • Total445,900
 • Density1,802/km2 (4,670/sq mi)
Postal code91000
Area code(s)+380 642
Sister citiesUnited Kingdom Cardiff
Poland Lublin
Bulgaria Pernik
Hungary Székesfehérvár[1]
France Saint-Étienne
China Daqing
Websitehttp://gorod.lugansk.ua/
 
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Coordinates: 48°34′N 39°18′E / 48.567°N 39.300°E / 48.567; 39.300

Luhansk
Луганськ
Flag of Luhansk
Flag
Coat of arms of Luhansk
Coat of arms
Map of Ukraine with Luhansk highlighted.
Map of Ukraine with Luhansk highlighted.
Luhansk is located in Ukraine
Luhansk
Luhansk
Location of Luhansk
Coordinates: 48°34′0″N 39°20′0″E / 48.56667°N 39.33333°E / 48.56667; 39.33333
Country
Oblast
Raion
Ukraine
Luhansk Oblast
Founded1795
Government
 • MayorSerhiy Ivanovych Kravchenko
Area
 • Total257 km2 (99 sq mi)
Elevation105 m (344 ft)
Population (2004)
 • Total445,900
 • Density1,802/km2 (4,670/sq mi)
Postal code91000
Area code(s)+380 642
Sister citiesUnited Kingdom Cardiff
Poland Lublin
Bulgaria Pernik
Hungary Székesfehérvár[1]
France Saint-Étienne
China Daqing
Websitehttp://gorod.lugansk.ua/
Raions of Luhansk

Luhansk (Ukrainian: Луга́нськ, pronounced [luˈɦɑɲsʲk]; formerly Voroshilovgrad) also known as Lugansk (Russian: Луга́нск, IPA: [lʊˈgansk]) is the administrative center of Luhansk Oblast in easternmost Ukraine. The city itself is also designated as its own separate municipality within the oblast. The current estimated population is around 445,900 (as of 2004).

History[edit]

St. Volodymyr Cathedral in Luhansk

The city traces its history to 1795, when the British industrialist Charles Gascoigne founded a metal factory there. It was the beginning of an industry that still thrives there today. Luhansk achieved the status of city in 1882. Located in the Donets Basin, Luhansk was developed into an important industrial center of Eastern Europe, particularly a home to the major locomotive-building company Luhanskteplovoz. On November 5, 1935, the city was renamed Voroshilovgrad (Russian: Ворошиловград/Ukrainian: Ворошиловград) in honour of Soviet military commander and politician Kliment Voroshilov. On March 5, 1958, with the call of Khrushchev not to give names of living people to cities, the old name was reinstated.[2][3] On January 5, 1970, after Voroshilov died, the name was changed again to Voroshilovgrad. Finally, on May 4, 1990, a decree of the Supreme Soviet of the Ukrainian SSR gave the city back its original name. It was occupied by Nazi Germany between 14 July 1942 and 14 February 1943.

Following the Euromaidan events, and as a protest against cancelling the Legislation on languages in Ukraine, the Oblast council of Luhansk Oblast voted to demand giving Russian language the status of second official language, stopping ″persecution of Berkut fighters″, disarming Maidan self-defense units and banning a number of far-right political organizations like Svoboda and UNA-UNSO. For the case the authorities failed to comply with the demands, the Oblast council reserved itself the ″right to ask for help from the brotherly people of the Russian Federation.″[4]

Sport[edit]

Luhansk is home to Zorya Luhansk which now plays in the Ukrainian Premier League annual football championship and play at the Avanhard Stadium. The club won the 1972 Soviet Top League.

The other football team was Dynamo Luhansk.

Merheleva Ridge[edit]

On September 7, 2006, archaeologists in Ukraine announced that an ancient structure had been discovered near Luhansk, which the press reported as a pyramid antedating those in Egypt by at least 300 years. The stone foundations of the structure were said to resemble Aztec and Mayan pyramids in Mesoamerica. It was later concluded that the site in question was not a pyramid but was still of great interest.

Notable people[edit]

Monument for Revolution Heroes in Luhansk.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Luhansk
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)12.8
(55)
17.3
(63.1)
23.1
(73.6)
31.8
(89.2)
36.6
(97.9)
39.4
(102.9)
40.5
(104.9)
42.0
(107.6)
36.8
(98.2)
31.2
(88.2)
22.8
(73)
15.6
(60.1)
42.0
(107.6)
Average high °C (°F)−1.0
(30.2)
−0.4
(31.3)
5.7
(42.3)
15.6
(60.1)
22.2
(72)
26.4
(79.5)
28.7
(83.7)
28.1
(82.6)
21.8
(71.2)
13.9
(57)
5.3
(41.5)
0.1
(32.2)
13.9
(57)
Daily mean °C (°F)−4.0
(24.8)
−4.1
(24.6)
1.4
(34.5)
9.7
(49.5)
15.8
(60.4)
20.1
(68.2)
22.3
(72.1)
21.2
(70.2)
15.3
(59.5)
8.6
(47.5)
1.8
(35.2)
−2.7
(27.1)
8.8
(47.8)
Average low °C (°F)−6.8
(19.8)
−7.4
(18.7)
−2.4
(27.7)
4.2
(39.6)
9.4
(48.9)
13.8
(56.8)
16.0
(60.8)
14.5
(58.1)
9.4
(48.9)
4.0
(39.2)
−1.2
(29.8)
−5.5
(22.1)
4.0
(39.2)
Record low °C (°F)−41.9
(−43.4)
−36.9
(−34.4)
−27.3
(−17.1)
−12.1
(10.2)
−8.2
(17.2)
−1.8
(28.8)
5.2
(41.4)
−0.4
(31.3)
−7.2
(19)
−16.3
(2.7)
−26.3
(−15.3)
−29.6
(−21.3)
−41.9
(−43.4)
Precipitation mm (inches)36
(1.42)
36
(1.42)
32
(1.26)
33
(1.3)
50
(1.97)
61
(2.4)
63
(2.48)
34
(1.34)
45
(1.77)
35
(1.38)
39
(1.54)
39
(1.54)
503
(19.8)
Source: Pogoda.ru.net[5]

International relations[edit]

Twin towns – Sister cities[edit]

Luhansk is twinned with:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Székesfehérvár MJV - Önkormányzat - Partnervárosok névsora". Onkormanyzat.szekesfehervar.hu. Retrieved 2011-09-16. 
  2. ^ "ВОЕННАЯ ЛИТЕРАТУРА -[ Биографии ]- Хрущёв С.Н. Хрущёв". Militera.lib.ru. Retrieved 2011-09-16. 
  3. ^ "Записки из Якирова Посада - Луганск-Ворошиловград-Луганск". Shusek.livejournal.com. 2009-11-02. Retrieved 2011-09-16. 
  4. ^ "Облсовет Луганская угрожает разоружить Майдан руками "братской" России". Gazeta.ua. Retrieved 2014-03-02. 
  5. ^ "Pogoda.ru.net" (in Russian). May 2011. Retrieved 28 June 2012. 
  6. ^ "Home page of Cardiff Council – Cardiff's twin cities". Cardiff Council. 15 June 2010. Retrieved 10 August 2010. 
  7. ^ "Miasta Partnerskie Lublina" [Lublin - Partnership Cities]. Urząd Miasta Lublin [City of Lublin] (in Polish). Archived from the original on 2013-01-16. Retrieved 2013-08-07. 
  8. ^ Bozsoki, Agnes. "Partnervárosok Névsora Partner és Testvérvárosok Névsora" [Partner and Twin Cities List]. City of Székesfehérvár (in Hungarian). Archived from the original on 2012-12-08. Retrieved 2013-08-05. 

External links[edit]