Loyalty Day

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Loyalty Day
Observed byUnited States
CelebrationsSpecial day for the reaffirmation of loyalty to the United States and for the recognition of the heritage of American freedom[1]
DateMay 1
Next time1 May 2015 (2015-05-01)
Frequencyannual
 
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For other uses, see Loyalty Day (Argentina).
Loyalty Day
Observed byUnited States
CelebrationsSpecial day for the reaffirmation of loyalty to the United States and for the recognition of the heritage of American freedom[1]
DateMay 1
Next time1 May 2015 (2015-05-01)
Frequencyannual

Loyalty Day is observed on May 1 in the United States. It is a day set aside for the reaffirmation of loyalty to the United States and for the recognition of the heritage of American freedom.

Loyalty Day is celebrated with parades and ceremonies in several U.S. communities, like Batavia, Illinois.

History[edit]

The holiday was first observed in 1921, during the First Red Scare.[2] It was originally called "Americanization Day,"[3] and it was intended to replace the May 1 ("May Day") celebration of the International Workers' Day,[citation needed] which commemorates the 1886 Haymarket Massacre in Chicago.)[4]

During the Second Red Scare, it was recognized by the U.S. Congress on April 27, 1955,[5] and made an official reoccurring holiday on July 18, 1958 (Public Law 85-529).[6][7] President Dwight D. Eisenhower proclaimed May 1, 1955, the first observance of Loyalty Day.[8] In 1958 Eisenhower urged congress to move Child Health Day to the First Monday in October, to avoid conflicting with Loyalty Day[9][10] Loyalty Day has been recognized with an official proclamation every year by every president since its inception as a legal holiday in 1958.[11][12]

Statutory definition[edit]

Loyalty Day is defined as follows in 36 U.S.C. § 115:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "§ 115. Loyalty Day". U.S. Code collection. LII / Legal Information Institute. Retrieved 2009-04-11. 
  2. ^ Conn, Matt, "Loyalty Day celebration set for return to Medford" Wed, Mar 24, 2004, the Wausau Daily Herald
  3. ^ VFW Loyalty Day
  4. ^ "A short history of May Day". Libcom.org. Retrieved 1 May 2014. 
  5. ^ http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/STATUTE-69/pdf/STATUTE-69-Pg44-2.pdf
  6. ^ Notes on 36 U.S.C. § 115
  7. ^ Eisenhower's signing statement
  8. ^ http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/index.php?pid=107237&st=loyalty+day&st1=
  9. ^ http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/index.php?pid=11135&st=loyalty+day&st1=
  10. ^ Proclamation by Eisenhower in 1959, citing Congress's joint resolution of July 18, 1958
  11. ^ Search for "Loyalty Day" on the presidency project
  12. ^ The Code of Federal regulations of the United States of America http://books.google.com/books?id=PTA5AAAAIAAJ&pg=PA42&lpg=PA42&dq=lyndon+johnson+"loyalty+day"+1966&source=bl&ots=2nNXF_Nh8U&sig=--rM0htQGMeTFOPrYSNovYTbfvI&hl=en&sa=X&ei=z6PoT7f9AYXE2gWyzcHZCQ&ved=0CEkQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=lyndon johnson "loyalty day" 1966&f=false