Lower Franconia

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Lower Franconia
Unterfranken
Regierungsbezirk
Map of Bavaria highlighting the  Regierungsbezirk of Lower Franconia
Map of Bavaria highlighting the Regierungsbezirk of Lower Franconia
CountryGermany
StateBavaria
Region seatWürzburg
Area
 • Total8,531.59 km2 (3,294.07 sq mi)
Population (31 December 2012)[1]
 • Total1,297,727
 • Density150/km2 (390/sq mi)
Websiteregierung.unterfranken.bayern.de
 
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Lower Franconia
Unterfranken
Regierungsbezirk
Map of Bavaria highlighting the  Regierungsbezirk of Lower Franconia
Map of Bavaria highlighting the Regierungsbezirk of Lower Franconia
CountryGermany
StateBavaria
Region seatWürzburg
Area
 • Total8,531.59 km2 (3,294.07 sq mi)
Population (31 December 2012)[1]
 • Total1,297,727
 • Density150/km2 (390/sq mi)
Websiteregierung.unterfranken.bayern.de

Lower Franconia (German: Unterfranken) is one of the three administrative regions of Franconia in Bavaria (seven regions), Germany (22 regions in five Federal States, 11 Federal States are not subdivided into regions).

The district was formed in 1817 under the name of Untermainkreis (Lower Main District) and renamed in 1837 as Unterfranken und Aschaffenburg (Lower Franconia and Aschaffenburg). In 1933 the regional Nazi Gauleiter Otto Hellmuth insisted on renaming the district Mainfranken, but after 1945 the name Unterfranken was resurrected.

Unterfranken is the north-west part of Franconia and consists of three district-free cities ("Kreisfreie Städte") and nine country districts ("Landkreise").

The major portion of the Franconian wine region is situated in Lower Franconia.

Coat of arms[edit]

Coat of arms of Lower Franconia

The Coat of Arms includes the Arms of Duchy of Franconia in the upper portion, the “Rennfähnlein,” a banner, quarterly argent (silver) and gules (red), on a lance or (gold), in bend, on an azure (blue) field, associated with Würzburg in the lower left quadrant, and a white/silver wheel on a red field symbolizing the clerical state of Mainz, in the lower right quadrant.

Area and population[edit]

City or DistrictPopulation (2013)Area (km²)Communities
City of Aschaffenburg67,7485.22%620.7%10.3%
City of Schweinfurt51,9184.00%360.4%10.3%
City of Würzburg124,1549,57%881.0%10.3%
Aschaffenburg172,52113.30%6998.2%3210.4%
Bad Kissingen103,0037.94%1,13713.3%268.4%
Haßberge84,1366.49%95611.2%268.4%
Kitzingen88,0256.79%6848.0%3110.1%
Main-Spessart126,4589.75%1,32215.5%4013.0%
Miltenberg127,9809.87%7168.4%3210.4%
Rhön-Grabfeld80,0656.17%1,02212.0%3712.0%
Schweinfurt112,9168.71%8429.9%299.4%
Würzburg158,13212.19%96811.3%5216.9%
Total1,297,056100.0%8,531100.0%308100.0%
Historical population
1910710,943
1939844,732
19501,038,930
19611,089,983
19701,181,309
19871,202,711
20021,344,300
20041,344,629
20051,341,481
20061,337,876
20081,331,500
20091,323,273
20101,318,695
20111,315,882
20131,297,056

Historical country districts[edit]

Until the municipal reform ( "Kreisreform" ) in June 1972 Lower Franconia had 22 country districts, 16 of them were attached to the other six existing country districts Aschaffenburg, Bad Kissingen, Kitzingen, Miltenberg, Schweinfurt, Würzburg or united to one of the three new country districts Haßberge, Main-Spessart, Rhön-Grabfeld.

Old country districtCurrent district(s)
AlzenauAschaffenburg
Bad BrückenauBad Kissingen
Bad Neustadt/SaaleRhön-Grabfeld
EbernHaßberge
GemündenMain-Spessart
GerolzhofenSchweinfurt, Kitzingen,
Hassberge, Würzburg
HammelburgBad Kissingen
HaßfurtHaßberge
Hofheim/UnterfrankenHaßberge
KarlstadtMain-Spessart
KönigshofenRhön-Grabfeld
LohrMain-Spessart
MarktheidenfeldMain-Spessart, Miltenberg,
Würzburg
MellrichstadtRhön-Grabfeld
ObernburgMiltenberg
OchsenfurtWürzburg

Well known people[edit]

Institutes of Higher Education[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]