Courtney Love

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - View original article

Courtney Love

Love performing with Hole at SXSW Festival in Austin, Texas, March 2010
Background information
Birth nameCourtney Michelle Harrison[1]
Also known asCourtney Love
Born(1964-07-09) July 9, 1964 (age 47)
San Francisco, California, U.S.
GenresAlternative rock
OccupationsSinger-songwriter, musician, actress, visual artist
InstrumentsVocals, guitar, bass, keyboards
Years active1982–present
LabelsSympathy for the Record Industry, Sub Pop, Caroline, DGC / Geffen, City Slang, Universal, Virgin, Mercury
Associated actsHole, Babes in Toyland, Sugar Babydoll, Pagan Babies, Faith No More, Emilie Autumn
Notable instruments
Fender Jazzmaster[2]
Fender Vista Venus[3]
Rickenbacker 360[4]
Rickenbacker 425[5]
 
  (Redirected from Love, Courtney)
Jump to: navigation, search
Courtney Love

Love performing with Hole at SXSW Festival in Austin, Texas, March 2010
Background information
Birth nameCourtney Michelle Harrison[1]
Also known asCourtney Love
Born(1964-07-09) July 9, 1964 (age 47)
San Francisco, California, U.S.
GenresAlternative rock
OccupationsSinger-songwriter, musician, actress, visual artist
InstrumentsVocals, guitar, bass, keyboards
Years active1982–present
LabelsSympathy for the Record Industry, Sub Pop, Caroline, DGC / Geffen, City Slang, Universal, Virgin, Mercury
Associated actsHole, Babes in Toyland, Sugar Babydoll, Pagan Babies, Faith No More, Emilie Autumn
Notable instruments
Fender Jazzmaster[2]
Fender Vista Venus[3]
Rickenbacker 360[4]
Rickenbacker 425[5]

Courtney Michelle Love (born Courtney Michelle Harrison; July 9, 1964)[1] is an American singer-songwriter, musician, actress and artist. Love initially gained notoriety in the Los Angeles indie rock scene with her band Hole, which she formed in 1989 with Eric Erlandson. Their debut album, Pretty on the Inside (1991) garnered them critical praise, and they went on to achieve international critical and commercial acclaim for their following albums, Live Through This (1994) and Celebrity Skin (1998).

Love also had a career in acting, originally landing small roles in Alex Cox films in the 1980s. In 1996, Love starred in The People vs. Larry Flynt alongside Woody Harrelson, and was nominated for a Golden Globe for her performance. She later had a brief solo career in the early 2000s after the dissolution of Hole, releasing America's Sweetheart (2004), and went through several rehab sentences and run-ins with the the law until achieving sobriety. In 2009, Love reformed Hole with new members and released Nobody's Daughter (2010). In 2012, she debuted an art exhibit featuring a collection of her own paintings and drawings titled "And She's Not Even Pretty".

Love was married to the late Kurt Cobain, frontman of the grunge band Nirvana, with whom she has a daughter, Frances Bean Cobain.[6] Throughout her career, Love's wild stage antics and subversive feminist attitude have polarized audiences and critics,[7][8] with Rolling Stone once calling her "the most controversial woman in the history of rock."[9][10]

Contents

Early life

Courtney Michelle Harrison was born in 1964 in San Francisco, California, to Linda Carroll, a psychotherapist, and Hank Harrison, a publisher who had some association with the Grateful Dead; at five years old, Love was included in a group picture on the back of the band's third album, Aoxomoxoa (1969).[11][12][13] Her parents divorced in 1969, with custody being awarded to Carroll after she alleged that Harrison had fed LSD to Love when she was three years old, an allegation which he denied.[14] Carroll then remarried, eventually giving birth to two more daughters and adopting a son. Harrison at some point claimed to be the granddaughter of Marlon Brando.[15][16]

Love had a nomadic and troubled childhood. She moved with her family to Marcola, Oregon in 1970, and then briefly lived in New Zealand before being sent back to live with her stepfather in Oregon.[16] At age 14, Love was arrested for shoplifting a t-shirt and was sent to Hillcrest Youth Correctional Facility.[16][17] According to the Oregon's Children's Services Division, Love was then moved to over 20 different facilities and foster homes between 1978 and 1980.[17] At age 16, Love moved to Portland, where she began working illegally as an exotic dancer,[13][16][18][19][20] and briefly as a DJ at Portland's community radio station, KBOO.[21] She also took job opportunities working briefly at dance halls in Japan and Taiwan,[16][22] and wrote missives under the name "Courtney Michelle" in punk-zine Maximumrocknroll on local Portland bands Poison Idea and Rancid Vat.[23][24]

Love has said that she "didn't have a lot of social skills" as a teenager,[25] and that she learned a lot of them while frequenting gay clubs with friends.[19][26]

In 1981, a social worker discovered a trust fund established for Love by her mother's adoptive parents, which provided her with a $500 monthly stipend, and she gained legal emancipation.[16] She subsequently traveled to Ireland where she took two semesters at Trinity College studying theology,[27][28] and relocated briefly to England where she became friends with musicians Julian Cope[29][30] and Ian McCulloch.[31]

Love intermittently took classes at Portland State University studying English,[32] as well as San Francisco State University and the San Francisco Art Institute, where she took a film class taught by George Kuchar and starred in one of his short films.[33][34] Love began a budding acting career, starring in two Alex Cox films in the late 1980s (Sid and Nancy and Straight to Hell), but was ultimately dissatisfied with acting and returned to stripping, where she was recognized and photographed by customers at a bar in McMinnville, Oregon.[13][35] Love then retreated to Anchorage, Alaska for several months where she continued to strip to support herself.[13][16]

Music career

Love initially began several music projects in the 1980s, first forming Sugar Babydoll, and then having a brief stint as a singer in Faith No More after "demanding" them to let her be in their band.[13] Love later formed the Pagan Babies with friend Kat Bjelland, Jennifer Finch and Janis Tanaka, recording one 4-track demo before disbanding soon after.[36][37] Love briefly played bass in Bjelland's group Babes In Toyland in 1987 before being ejected from the band.[38]

Hole (1989-2002)

Flyer made by Courtney Love promoting a Hole show in 1991, Los Angeles

In 1989, Love taught herself to play guitar and moved to Los Angeles, where she placed an ad in Flipside, reading: "I want to start a band. My influences are Big Black, Sonic Youth, and Fleetwood Mac"[39] to which guitarist Eric Erlandson replied. Love then bought her neighbor Lisa Roberts a bass guitar, and recruited drummer Caroline Rue at a Gwar concert. Love named the band Hole.

Hole played their first show in November 1989 at Raji's after three months of rehearsal, and began making singles on the Long Beach, California, independent label Sympathy for the Record Industry. Their first single, titled "Retard Girl," was issued in spring 1990. Disc jockey Rodney Bingenheimer jokingly said that Love would often "stalk him" at a Denny's restaurant, insisting that he should give "Retard Girl" air time on his station, KROQ.[16] One year later, the band debuted their second single, "Dicknail" through Sub Pop Records.

Influenced by the sounds and style of no wave and noise rock bands, Love convinced Sonic Youth bassist Kim Gordon to produce Hole's first studio album. The album, titled Pretty on the Inside, was released in August 1991 on Caroline Records, produced by Gordon and Gumball's Don Fleming. The album gained a following in the United Kingdom, charting at 59 on the UK Albums Chart,[40] as well as its lead single, "Teenage Whore" entering the country's Indie chart at number one.[41] Pretty on the Inside received generally positive critical acclaim,[42] and was labelled one of the 20 best albums of the year by Spin Magazine.[43] The band toured the United States and Europe in support of the record.

Hole recorded their second album, Live Through This, in the fall of 1993 in Atlanta and released it in April 1994, just four days after Love's husband, Kurt Cobain, was found dead of a self-inflicted shotgun wound in their home. The album featured a new lineup, with Kristen Pfaff on bass and Patty Schemel on drums. In June 1994, Pfaff died of an apparent heroin overdose,[13] and Love recruited bassist Melissa Auf der Maur for the band's upcoming tour. Throughout the months preceding the tour, Love was rarely seen in public, spending her time in her home or visiting the Namgyal Buddhist Monastery in New York.[34]

Meanwhile, Live Through This was an immense commercial and critical success, receiving rave reviews from major music periodicals[44] and going certified gold. By April 1995, it went platinum. It went on to be declared one of the best albums of all time by Rolling Stone magazine in their 500 Greatest Albums of All Time issue in 2003.[45]

The live performances for Hole's 1994 and 1995 tours became notorious in the media due to Love's fraught emotional state,[13] with Love often altering hurtful song lyrics toward herself, dedicating songs to Cobain and Pfaff, provoking fans, throwing guitars into the audience,[46] and breaking into screaming fits onstage.[47]

In 1997, the band released a compilation album, My Body, The Hand Grenade, which featured material from the band's earliest recordings in 1989 up until 1995, and, in September 1998, released their third studio album, Celebrity Skin, which featured a stark power pop sound as opposed to the group's earlier punk rock influences. Rolling Stone called the album "accessible, fiery and intimate—often at the same time [...] a basic guitar record that's anything but basic."[48] Celebrity Skin went on to go multi-platinum, and topped "Best of Year" lists at Spin, the Village Voice, and other periodicals.[49] The album garnered the band their first and only No. 1 hit single on the Modern Rock Tracks chart with the title track "Celebrity Skin".

During the release and promotion of Celebrity Skin, Love and Fender designed a low-price Squier brand guitar, called Vista Venus.[50] The instrument featured a shape inspired by Mercury, Stratocaster, and Rickenbacker's solidbodies and had a single-coil and a humbucker pickup. In an early 1999 interview, Love said about the Venus: "I wanted a guitar that sounded really warm and pop, but which required just one box to go dirty (...) And something that could also be your first band guitar. I didn't want it all teched out. I wanted it real simple, with just one pickup switch. Because I think that cultural revolutions are in the hands of guitar players".[51]

After touring for Celebrity Skin finished, Auf der Maur left the band to tour with The Smashing Pumpkins; Hole's touring drummer Samantha Maloney left soon after. Love and Erlandson continued to pursue with the band, and released the single "Be A Man"— an outtake from the Celebrity Skin sessions— for the soundtrack of the Oliver Stone film Any Given Sunday (1999). The group became dormant in the following two years, and on May 24, 2002, officially announced their breakup amid continuing litigation with Universal Music Group over their record contract.

Solo career (2003-2008)

Love performing in London, England on her 43rd birthday (2007).

With Hole in disarray, Love began a "punk rock femme supergroup" called Bastard during autumn 2001, enlisting Schemel, Veruca Salt co-frontwoman Louise Post, and bassist Gina Crosley, whom Post recommended. Though a demo was completed, the project never reached fruition.[52][53]

In 2002, Love began composing an album with Linda Perry; the record, America's Sweetheart, was released on Virgin Records in February 2004, was embraced by critics with mixed reviews. Spin called it a "jaw-dropping act of artistic will and a fiery, proper follow-up to 1994’s Live Through This" and awarded it eight out of ten stars,[54] while Rolling Stone suggested that, "for people who enjoy watching celebrities fall apart, America's Sweetheart should be more fun than an Osbournes marathon." The album sold 86,000 copies in its first three months, with the singles "Mono" and "Hold on to Me", both of which earned competent spots on album charts. Love has publicly expressed her regret over the record several times, calling it "a crap record", reasoning that her drug issues at the time were to blame.[55]

In 2006, Love started recording what was going to be her second solo album, How Dirty Girls Get Clean,[25][56] collaborating with again with Perry and Billy Corgan in the writing and recording. Love had written several songs, including an anti-cocaine song titled "Loser Dust", during her time in rehab in 2005.[57]

Some tracks and demos from the album (initially planned for release in 2008) were leaked on the internet in 2006, and a documentary entitled The Return of Courtney Love, detailing the making of the album, aired on the British television network in the fall of that year. A rough acoustic version of "Never Go Hungry Again", recorded during an interview for The Times in November, was also released. Incomplete audio clips of the song "Samantha", originating from an interview with NPR, were also distributed on the internet in 2007.[58]

Hole reformation (2008-present)

Love performing in Philadelphia, 2010

On June 17, 2009, NME reported that Hole would be reuniting. Former Hole guitarist Erlandson stated in Spin magazine that contractually no reunion can take place without his involvement; therefore Nobody's Daughter would remain Love's solo record, as opposed to a "Hole" record. Love responded to Erlandson's comments in a Twitter post, claiming "he's out of his mind, Hole is my band, my name, and my Trademark".[59]

Nobody's Daughter was released worldwide as a Hole album on April 27, 2010. For the new line-up, Love recruited guitarist Micko Larkin, Shawn Dailey (bass guitar), and Stu Fisher (drums, percussion). Nobody's Daughter featured a great deal of material written and recorded for Love's aborted solo album, How Dirty Girls Get Clean, including "Pacific Coast Highway", "Letter to God", "Samantha", and "Never Go Hungry", although they were re-produced with Larkin. The first single from Nobody's Daughter was "Skinny Little Bitch", which was the most added song on alternative rock radio in early March 2010.[60] Hole performed on The Late Show with David Letterman and Jimmy Kimmel Live!.

The album received mixed reviews. Rolling Stone gave the album three out of five stars, saying that Love "worked hard on these songs, instead of just babbling a bunch of druggy bullshit and assuming people would buy it, the way she did on her 2004 flop, America's Sweetheart."[61] Slant Magazine also gave the album three out of five stars, saying "It's Marianne Faithfull's substance-ravaged voice that comes to mind most often while listening to songs like "Honey" and "For Once in Your Life." The latter track is, in fact, one of Love's most raw and vulnerable vocal performances to date. Co-penned by Linda Perry, the song offers a rare glimpse into the mind of a woman who, for the last 15 years, has been as famous for being a rock star as she's been for being a victim."[62]

The album's subject matter was largely centered on Love's tumultuous life between 2003 and 2007, and featured a polished folk-rock sound with much more acoustic work than previous Hole albums. Love toured Europe, Japan, and the United States promoting the album in the spring and summer of 2010, ending the tour at Seattle's Bumbershoot festival in September.[63] In the summer of 2011, the band played at several festivals in Russia, and toured in Australia and Brazil in early 2012.

Acting career

Love worked with director Alex Cox on her first two films; she gained a small part in the Sid Vicious biopic Sid and Nancy (1986), and was then given the leading role in his following film, Straight to Hell (1987),[64] which caught the attention of artist Andy Warhol. That year, Love appeared in an episode of Andy Warhol's Fifteen Minutes with Robbie Nevil in a segment titled "C'est la Vie", in which she is dressed in vintage clothes and discussed "bag ladies".[65][66] She also had a part in the 1988 Ramones music video for "I Wanna Be Sedated", appearing as a bride among dozens of party guests.[67][68] In 1989, Love abandoned her career as an actress to pursue music.

In 1996, Love began obtaining small acting parts again in Basquiat and Feeling Minnesota (1996), before landing the co-starring role of Larry Flynt's wife, Althea, in Miloš Forman's 1996 film The People vs. Larry Flynt, against Columbia Pictures' reluctance due to her low profile and "troubled" past.[69] Love received critical acclaim, a Golden Globe nomination for Best Actress, and a New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Supporting Actress,[70] for what film critic Roger Ebert called "quite a performance; Love proves she is not a rock star pretending to act, but a true actress".[71] She won several other awards from various film critic associations for the performance.

Other roles include: starring opposite Jim Carrey in the Andy Kaufman biopic Man on the Moon (1999); as Joan Vollmer in Beat (2000) alongside Kiefer Sutherland; and a leading role in Julie Johnson (2001) as Lili Taylor's lesbian lover, for which she won an Outstanding Actress award at L.A.'s Outfest.[72] She followed with another leading part in the thriller film Trapped (2002), alongside Kevin Bacon and Charlize Theron.

Other projects

Courtney Love with Terry Richardson during New York Fashion Week 2011

In 2004, Love collaborated with illustrators Misaho Kujiradou and Ai Yazawa to create a manga comic, Princess Ai.[73] The story is based in part on Love's life, and involves the main character's search for her place in the world; it was written by Stu Levy under the name D.J. Milky, and released by his publishing company Tokyopop.[74]

Although Love said she would "never write a book",[75] she did publish a memoir in 2006 titled Dirty Blonde: The Diaries of Courtney Love. The memoir was diary entries, poems, letters, drawings, personal photos, and lyric compositions spanning from Love's childhood up until the year 2006, shortly after her release from a six-month rehab sentence. The book was generally well-reviewed by critics,[76] and Love did book readings in promotion for it.

In more recent years, Love has expressed a great deal of interest in fashion, coining her flamboyant outfits and accessories with the term "kook".[77] Love attended various fashion shows in 2009 and 2010, and performed with Hole at several of the shows, including the Givenchy fashion party in Paris. She also started a fashion blog titled What Courtney Wore Today [3]. In October 2010, Love and Michael Mouris created an animated short film detailing Love's "kooky" fashion sense, titled The Dark Night of the Soul.

In late September 2011, it was announced that Love was writing a "tell-all" memoir about her life with Kurt Cobain, her Hollywood career, and her substance abuse issues.[78][79] Love signed a book deal with William Morrow and Company, and is expected to release it in the fall of 2012.[78]

In May 2012, Love debuted an art show at Fred Torres Collaborations in New York titled "And She's Not Even Pretty", which contained over forty drawings and paintings by Love, composed in ink, colored pencil, pastels, and watercolors.[80] The works feature various women in different emotional states, some accompanied by poems and song lyrics.[81]

Personal life

Love was briefly married to James Moreland (vocalist of The Leaving Trains) in 1989, but has said that Moreland was a transvestite and that their marriage was "a joke";[82] an annulment was filed shortly after the wedding.[83][84]

Love also briefly dated Billy Corgan in early 1991,[85] but her most prolific relationship was undoubtedly with Nirvana frontman Kurt Cobain. The two first encountered one another at the Satyricon nightclub in January 1988 at a Dharma Bums show, where Nirvana was the opening act. [86][87] They later became reacquainted through Jennifer Finch, one of Love's longtime friends and former bandmates, who was dating Nirvana drummer Dave Grohl at the time.[87] Love and Cobain officially began dating in 1991, and were married on Waikiki Beach in Honolulu, Hawaii, on February 24, 1992. Love wore a satin and lace dress once owned by actress Frances Farmer, and Cobain wore green pajamas. Six months later, on August 18, the couple's only child, a daughter named Frances Bean Cobain, was born. In April 1994, Cobain committed suicide in their Seattle home.

In 1996, Love began a relationship with actor Edward Norton when the two met while filming The People vs. Larry Flynt, and were at one point engaged,[88] but separated in 1999.[89] Love was also romantically linked to British comedian Steve Coogan in the mid-2000s.[90][91]

Love has struggled with substance abuse problems for a great deal of her life. She experimented with various opiates in her early adult years, and tried cocaine at age 19.[22] In 1992, Vanity Fair published an article by journalist Lynn Hirschberg which alluded that Love was addicted to heroin during her pregnancy.[92] Love claimed she was misquoted, and vehemently asserted that although she had used the drug during her first trimester of pregnancy, she stopped using it the day she discovered she was pregnant.[13][93] Nonetheless, the publication of the article led to a lengthy battle with the Los Angeles County Court in which custody newborn Frances was taken away from Love and Cobain and placed with Love's sister, Jamie, for several months.[13]

After Cobain committed suicide in 1994, Love began using heroin again regularly, but quit using the drug in 1996 at the insistence of director Miloš Forman when she landed a starring role in The People vs. Larry Flynt. Love was ordered urine tests under the supervision of Columbia Pictures while filming the movie, and passed all of them.[69]

Between 2004 and 2006, after making several public appearances clearly intoxicated (namely on The Late Show with David Letterman and the Comedy Central Roast of Pamela Anderson)[94][95][96] and suffering drug-related arrests and probation violations,[97][98] Love was sentenced to six months in lock down rehab due to struggles with various prescription drugs and cocaine.[96][99] [100] She made a public statement after her release, saying: "I would just like to thank the court for allowing me these 90 days... [It] helped me deal with a very gnarly drug problem, which is behind me... I've been really inspired and have remained inspired."[57] Love claimed to have been sober as of 2007, and in May 2011, insisted her sobriety, saying: "That's not the way I live anymore. I try to work a good program. I don't do smack. I don't do crack anymore."[101]

Love has been a Nichiren Buddhist since 1990,[88][13][102][103] and has credited it for helping her overcome her drug addictions. In 1999, Love stated that she was a Democrat.[104] She has advocated for stricter gun control laws[105][106] and gay rights,[107] and voted against California's Proposition 8 during the 2008 elections.[108] In January 2011, while attending an Oxford Union debate, Love publicly endorsed her support of Julian Assange and WikiLeaks, and called it "a step in the right direction for democracy".[109] Love is also self-identified feminist,[110][111] and has been noted throughout her career for her subversive feminism and "self-conscious parody of female sex roles".[7]

Music and influences

Love performing at Carnegie Hall, 2009

Love has mentioned an array of artists as being influences throughout her career, and has most often cited new wave and post-punk musicians as being great influences on her. Such musical acts as Echo and the Bunnymen, The Smiths, Neil Young,[112] Patti Smith,[13] Swans,[113] and Joy Division have been mentioned by Love, including songs by several of them being covered by Hole in live performances and, in some cases, studio recordings.[114][115] In the initial advertisement placed by Love which resulted in Hole's formation, she cited Fleetwood Mac, Sonic Youth, and Big Black as her three major musical influences.[39]

Love's varying genre interests were illustrated in a 1991 interview with Flipside, in which she stated: "There's a part of me that wants to have a grindcore band and another that wants to have a Raspberries-type pop band."[112] Over the course of Hole's career, the band experimented with several different stylistic elements, from punk to noise rock as well as more mellow alternative rock, power pop, and folk techniques.

In a 1995 interview with Kurt Loder, Love divulged that in the late 1980s, guitarist Joe Strummer of The Clash told her that she was "the worst guitar player he'd ever heard",[116] but she insisted she had improved by the early 1990s: "I'm fine... I have my style... and, you know what's funny, is most of the songs [from Pretty on the Inside] are complete Bauhaus rip-offs." During the same interview, Love said she was greatly influenced by guitarists Will Sergeant of Echo and the Bunnymen and Johnny Marr of The Smiths.[116] In 2006, Love told Billboard that she had lost her hand-eye coordination amidst her drug problems, to the point that she had to re-teach herself how to play guitar while in rehab.[117]

In terms of musical equipment, Love has used several different guitars during her career. In 1989 and the early 1990s, Love played a Rickenbacker 425 onstage, and, more often, a Fender Jazzmaster, which she is seen playing in the music video for "Miss World"; Love's Jazzmaster is now on display at the Hard Rock Cafe in New York City.[2] In the later '90s, Love played several Fender Stratocasters, as well as her own line of Squier Venus guitars. She also played a Chet Atkins Gretsch hollow-body in the music video for "Malibu". Most recently, in 2010, Love played a Rickenbacker 360 while touring.

Writing style

Love's song lyrics are often told from a female's point of view, and her earlier work, particularly on Hole's first two albums, was noted for being highly aggressive and critical toward cultural definitions of women and their roles in society.[118] Common themes and references present in Love's earlier lyrics (particularly those on Pretty on the Inside and Live Through This) include body image, rape, suicide, misogyny, conformity, elitism, pregnancy, prostitution, and death. According to Love, her main focus in the band from very early on was on lyrics: "For me, I was just about lyrics and performance. I didn't really care about hooks or finesse."[119]

Her later work was more introspective in its lyrics as opposed to aggressive; Hole's Celebrity Skin and Love's solo album, America's Sweetheart, focused more on celebrity life, Hollywood, and drug addiction, while also carrying on past themes of vanity and body image, and Nobody's Daughter was lyrically reflective of Love's past relationships and her struggle to sobriety, with the majority of its lyrics having been written while Love was in rehab in 2006.[120]

Although Hole's sound changed over the course of the band's career, the pretty/ugly dynamic has often been noted as a consistent theme in Love's music, most prominently in Hole's first two studio albums.[121] In conjunction with the extremes between beauty and ugliness, Love's musical style has also been remarked for its layering of harsh and abrasive riffs which often bury more sophisticated musical arrangements.[121]

Performance and image

Over the years Love gained considerable notoriety for her live performances. According to Love, her goal in 1990 was to see "how scary [the band] could be".[119] By the mid-'90s, Love was known to stage dive frequently, which resulted in her having her clothes torn off, losing teeth,[122] and sustaining other injuries, which she reasoned acts of "self-crucifixion".[122] Particularly, while on tour promoting Live Through This, Love's fraught emotional state and erratic performances gained massive media attention. It was a common occurrence for Love to throw her guitar, break into screaming fits onstage, direct hateful lyrics at herself, and push over stereo equipment and sound gear.[123] During the tour, Love roused anger from fans and the public for simulating husband Cobain's suicide onstage. In response, she said: "What do I do? Do I ignore it, do I acknowledge it, is there a middle ground? [...] It's catharsis. I'm not a clown, and I would never dishonor my husband, and I don't think I have".[122]

Love's image was also a large part of her live performances with Hole, which consisted of a "kinderwhore" look characterized by vintage, often tattered dresses and smeared makeup, which became something of a trademark for Love— "You can't think about how your face looks [onstage], you can't think about if you're pretty or not", she said. "Do you think Slayer worry about if they're pretty or not? No, they wear a black fucking t-shirt and they rock. You can't do it in high heels, you can try and put on makeup— it'll smear. I've proven that."[124] Although the origins of the kinderwhore style are up for debate, Love is widely regarded for having popularized it.[125]

Legacy

Once labelled by Rolling Stone as "the most controversial woman in the history of rock",[9][10] Love's sometimes outrageous behavior has given her a lasting place in pop culture, as well as a polarizing reputation in the media. She has also been influential in the music world, particularly in the area of alternative rock and female-driven musical acts.[126] In a 1996 New York Magazine piece on women in rock music, it was noted that Love "had the ambition most people would associate with a male rock star... one thing you have to admire her for is that she refuses— just refuses— to be overlooked in any way."[127] In a 1994 interview, Pamela Des Barres likened Love to "Iggy Pop in a shredded antique wedding dress," or "a female Lou Reed who screams like Exene."[128] Writer Charles Cross said of her, "[Her work] is not always great art, but it's always interesting art. She is certainly capable of taking her clothes off, crowdsurfing, grabbing some kid and pulling them onstage— and rarely does it seem like artifice."[16]

Love has been parodied and referred to in several popular television shows, most notably Family Guy[129] and South Park,[130] as well as a Simpsons episode, where a cartoonized version of her was featured on a Wheaties cereal box.[131] In January 2007, Molly Shannon performed a Saturday Night Live comedy sketch parodying Love's sobriety.[132]

She has also been referred to several times in the music world: musician Lois Maffeo had a short-lived band named Courtney Love, which she released several singles with. Love was also mentioned in the song "You Only Get What You Give" by the New Radicals,[133] and punk band Nerf Herder wrote a song titled "Courtney" as an ode to her.

Love has been cited as a gay icon by several LGBT publications, such as The Advocate, probably due to her perseverance and endurance through adverse situations in her life.[134] Love's devoted gay fanbase was later written about in a New York Press article in 2010.[135] In the article, John Russel writes:

Of course, it’s never been easy to be a Courtney Love fan. Even when she was at the top of her game there was always some kind of controversy, some reason to write her off as either a sell-out or a nut job, or both. And people don’t exactly take you seriously when you say that you love Courtney Love. Rock snobs—straight guys in particular—tend to turn their noses up at you... [gay men] adopted Courtney as their patron saint while others knelt at the altar of Madonna. And while riot grrrl culture may have long ago disowned her, Love’s queer fanbase doggedly sticks by her.[135]

In 2004, Spin magazine ranked Love No. 18 in their list of "The 50 Greatest Rock Frontmen Of All Time", calling her "a great band leader because onstage or off, she always makes sure we're paying attention".[136] In January 2002, Love ranked at No. 14 in Q Magazine's list of "100 Women Who Rock the World". The Biography Channel called Love "outspoken, brash, and sometimes out of control", and "one of alternative rock's most fascinating figures".[137]

Works

Discography

Hole
Courtney Love

Filmography and credits

Film
YearFilmRoleNotes
1986Sid and NancyGretchen
1987Straight to HellVelma 
1988TapeheadsNorman's Spankeruncredited role
"I Wanna Be Sedated"BrideRamones music video, uncredited
19911991: The Year Punk BrokeHerselfdocumentary
1995Not Bad for a Girl
1996BasquiatBig Pink 
Feeling MinnesotaRhonda
The People vs. Larry FlyntAlthea Leasure FlyntBoston Society of Film Critics Award for Best Supporting Actress
Chicago Film Critics Association Award for Most Promising Actress
Florida Film Critics Circle Award for Best Supporting Actress
New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Supporting Actress
Satellite Award for Best Supporting Actress - Motion Picture
Nominated — Chicago Film Critics Association Award for Best Actress
Nominated — Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Drama
Nominated — Los Angeles Film Critics Association Award for Best Supporting Actress
Nominated — MTV Movie Award for Best Breakthrough Performance
1999200 CigarettesLucy
Man on the MoonLynne Margulies 
Clara Bow: Discovering the "It" GirlHerselfvoice-over narration
2000BeatJoan Vollmer Burroughs 
2001Julie JohnsonClaireL.A. Outfest Award for Best Actress
2002TrappedCheryl
2003Mayor of the Sunset StripHerselfdocumentary
2011Hit So Hard

Bibliography

References

  1. ^ a b Love has given her birth name as "Love Michelle Harrison", and said that her name was changed to Courtney after her parents split when she was three.Marks, Craig (Feb 1995). "Endless Love". SPIN (SPIN Media LLC) (Vol. 10, No. 11). http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=oJSpnH7TRHsC&pg=PA46#v=onepage&q&f=false. Retrieved 2011-10-29.  Other sources give her birth name as "Courtney Michelle Harrison" True, Everett. Nirvana: True Story. Music Sales Group. p. 46. http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=YzQAzRBuycIC&pg=PT375&dq#v=onepage&q&f=false. Retrieved 2011-10-29.  which matches the California Birth Index."Courtney Michelle Harrison – California Birth Index, 1905–1995 – Ancestry.co.uk". search.ancestry.co.uk. 2011 [last update]. http://search.ancestry.co.uk/cgi-bin/sse.dll?db=cabirth1905&rank=1&new=1&so=3&MSAV=0&msT=1&gss=ms_db&gsfn=Courtney+Michelle+&gsln=Harrison&msbdy=1964&msmns0=Carroll&uidh=000&msbdd=9&msbdm=7&_83004003-n_xcl=m. Retrieved 2011-10-29. 
  2. ^ a b "Courtney Love (Hole) Jazzmaster Fender Guitar – Hard Rock Cafe NYC". Flickr. http://www.flickr.com/photos/rustysheriff/4373963261/. 
  3. ^ "Secrets Of Celebrity Skin". Guitar World. January 1999. Archived from the original on 1999-11-27. http://web.archive.org/web/19991127194234/http://void.simplenet.com/articles/guitar/guitar1.html. Retrieved 2011-10-29. 
  4. ^ "Courtney Love's New Rickenbacker". Chicago Music Exchange. July 20, 2010. http://www.chicagomusicexchange.net/blog/2010/07/20/courtney-loves-new-rickenbacker/. Retrieved 2011-03-10. 
  5. ^ McCormack, Peter. "Hole's Courtney Love with a 425 Fireglo". RickResource.com. http://www.rickresource.com/rrp/hole.html. Retrieved 2011-11-11. 
  6. ^ Peterson, Karla (October 22, 2004). "Courtney Love is back from the brink and hoping music will be her saving grace". SignOnSanDiego.com. http://www.signonsandiego.com/news/features/20041022-9999-lz1c22love.html. Retrieved 2008-11-14. 
  7. ^ a b Nicolini, Kim (April 1995). "Staging the Slut: Hyper-Sexuality in Performance". Bad Subjects (20). http://bad.eserver.org/issues/1995/20/nicolini.html. Retrieved 2011-10-29. 
  8. ^ "Courtney Love's Trip Back From the Bottom". NBC News. October 31, 2006. http://abcnews.go.com/GMA/story?id=2618266&page=1. Retrieved 2010-02-15. 
  9. ^ a b Barton, Laura (December 11, 2006). "Love me do Rock | Guardian Unlimited Music". London: Music.guardian.co.uk. http://music.guardian.co.uk/rock/story/0,,1969245,00.html. Retrieved 2009-05-16. 
  10. ^ a b Sirota, Peggy (November 13, 1997). "Women of Rock: Courtney Love". Rolling Stone (773): 163. 
  11. ^ McLeod, Kembrew (2002). "Courtney Love". St. James Encyclopedia of Popular Culture. http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_g1epc/is_bio/ai_2419200753. Retrieved 2012-06-07. 
  12. ^ Eric Segalstad, Josh Hunter (2009). The 27s: The Greatest Myth of Rock & Roll. Samadhi Creations. p. 197. http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=ykLfChaPoRcC&pg=PA197. Retrieved 2011-10-30. 
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Courtney Love". Behind the Music. June 21, 2010. Vh1. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=s5cfYb1l994. 
  14. ^ Jung, K Elan (2010). Sexual Trauma: A Challenge Not Insanity. The Hudson Press. pp. 188–189. http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=uQ2I9cpJWYIC&pg=PA188#v=onepage&q&f=false. Retrieved 2011-10-30. 
  15. ^ "Is Marlon Brando de opa van Courtney Love?" (in (Dutch)). Film1.nl. August 13, 2003. http://www.film1.nl/blog/4646-Is-Marlon-Brando-de-opa-van-Courtney-Love.html. Retrieved 2012-06-07. 
  16. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Courtney Love". The E! True Hollywood Story. October 5, 2003. E!. 
  17. ^ a b Dirty Blonde: The Diaries of Courtney Love. Simon & Schuster. pp. 29–31. 
  18. ^ "History". Mary's Club. http://www.marysclub.com/history.php. Retrieved 2011-03-10. 
  19. ^ a b Brite, Poppy Z. (1997). Courtney Love: The Real Story. Simon & Schuster. pp. 44–46. 
  20. ^ Sessums, Kevin (June 1995). "Love Child". Vanity Fair. http://m.vanityfair.com/hollywood/features/1995/06/courtney-love-199506. Retrieved 3 May 2012. 
  21. ^ Love, Courtney (1995). Courtney Love: Super Rock Interview. Interview with Farry, Jackie. MTV. New York City, New York. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=usUklPoqF6U. 
  22. ^ a b Roshan, Maer (May 26, 2011). "The Courtney Chronicles". The Fix. http://www.thefix.com/content/courtney-intro?page=1. Retrieved 2011-05-27. 
  23. ^ Weisbard, Eric (July 1998). "This Was Hardcore". Spin: 94. "Courtney Love filed a Portland scene report in Issue 4 as "Courtney Michelle"" 
  24. ^ Spitz, Marc (November 1, 2006). Nobody likes you: inside the turbulent life, times, and music of Green Day. Hyperion Publishing. p. 26. ISBN 978-1-4013-0274-0. 
  25. ^ a b "The Return of Courtney Love". 2006. Channel 4. 
  26. ^ Marks, Craig (February 1995). ""Courtney Love— Confessions of a Diva". Spin. 
  27. ^ Iley, Chrissy (October 22, 2006). "Courting disaster". The Times (London). http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/life_and_style/article604615.ece. Retrieved 2011-01-23.  "'I talked one of my mother's gurus, of which she had many, into letting me live with him. He got $3,000 a month from my trust fund, which he'd spend on boys, and I went to the junior high, where my friends were teenage prostitutes. They were so glamorous, I just wanted to hang out with them. Melissa, Melinda and Melody. I ended up going through the juvenile system with them because I got arrested shoplifting a Kiss T-shirt.' She was 13."
  28. ^ Love, Courtney. "So, he [Hank Harrison] said he'd get me into Trinity in Dublin [Ireland]. So, I took two semesters there. And I started taking photos for Hot Press, and I met eh, Julian Cope one night, and uh, and uh, and uh... these crazy things happened. And he said, "come live in my house" and he gave me his keys." Interview on Later... with Jools Holland on May 2, 1995.
  29. ^ Cope, Julian (2000). Head-On/Repossessed. Thorsons Publishers. ISBN 0-7225-3882-0.  Cope doesn't use her name in the book, only referring to Love as "the adolescent".
  30. ^ Cope, Julian. "Julian Cope Presents Head Heritage: Drudical Q&A Miscellaneous". HeadHeritage.co.uk. http://www.headheritage.co.uk/drude/qa/misc.php. Retrieved 2011-10-03. "Q: Is Courtney Love the adolescent??? (Jeanette) A: Oh yes." 
  31. ^ "Nardwuar the Human Serviette vs Ian McCulloch of Echo and the Bunnymen". Nardwuar.com. http://www.nardwuar.com/vs/ian_mcculloch/index.html. Retrieved 2010-02-10. 
  32. ^ "Portland State University: Notable Alumni". Portland State University Blog. January 28, 2008. http://portlandstate.blogspot.com/2008/01/notable-alumni.html. Retrieved 2010-11-24. 
  33. ^ Lamble, David (April 15, 2010). "Beyond the Planet of the Kuchars". The Bay Area Reporter. http://www.ebar.com/arts/art_article.php?sec=film&article=743. Retrieved 2011-11-10. 
  34. ^ a b Kennedy, Dana (August 12, 1994). "The Power of Love". Entertainment Weekly. http://www.ew.com/ew/article/0,,303306,00.html. Retrieved 2010-10-20. 
  35. ^ "Courtney Love blasts UK music scene and slags off 'America's Sweetheart' during Oxford Union speech". NME. UK. February 13, 2010. http://www.nme.com/news/hole/49737. Retrieved 2011-02-24. 
  36. ^ Interview with Kat Bjelland. Edited by Liz Evans. Women, Sex and Rock'N'Roll: In Their Own Words. Rivers Orum Press/Pandora List, 1994.
  37. ^ "Pagan Babies". Katbjelland.com. Archived from the original on 2007-09-05. http://web.archive.org/web/20070905191236/http://www.katbjelland.com/paganbabies/indexpaganbabies.html. Retrieved 2010-02-10. 
  38. ^ "Babes in Toyland Biography". Arts.enotes.com. http://arts.enotes.com/contemporary-musicians/babes-toyland-biography. Retrieved 2010-02-10. 
  39. ^ a b Who Killed Kurt Cobain?: The Mysterious Death of an Icon (pg. 54)
  40. ^ "Hole – Pretty on the Inside". Chart Stats. http://www.chartstats.com/albuminfo.php?id=10997. Retrieved 2011-11-19. 
  41. ^ "Indie Charts: September 28, 1991" (in English). The ITV Chart Show. 28 September 1991. Channel 4.  [1]
  42. ^ Brite, Poppie Z (1998). Courtney Love: The Real Story. Touchstone. p. 117. ISBN 0-684-84800-7. 
  43. ^ Spencer, Lauren (December 1991). "20 Best Albums of the Year". SPIN: p. 122. 
  44. ^ Browne, David (April 15, 1994). "Live Through This". Entertainment Weekly. http://www.ew.com/ew/article/0,,301841,00.html. Retrieved 2011-03-06. 
  45. ^ "Live Through This (#466): Rolling Stone's Greatest Albums of all Time". Rolling Stone. http://www.rollingstone.com/music/lists/6862/35223/47810. Retrieved 2011-01-03. 
  46. ^ Masley, Ed (September 9, 2010). "10 most memorable moments of the MTV Video Music Awards – Living through this (1995)". azcentral.com. http://www.azcentral.com/thingstodo/music/articles/2010/09/09/20100909mtv-vmas-memorable-moments.html?page=4. Retrieved 2010-09-17. 
  47. ^ Anderson, Lance (April 20, 2010). "Cypress Hill: Interview". Beat Week. http://www.beatweek.com/music/musicianinterviews/4499-cypress-hill-the-beatweek-cover-story-interview/. Retrieved 2011-02-28. "“Those were really great shows. It was opening us up to a whole different deal…it provided the background for some funny-ass stories at times too. Getting to play with Hole at that time. She’s always been a controversial figure obviously…she’s definitely punk rock…there were times she was getting carried off the stage on that tour. Fighting with fans. People were throwing shot gun shells at her feet. It was a spectacle.” Despite Courtney Love’s outrageous behavior and her smack talk about Cypress Hill early on the tour, B-Real respects Courtney Love as an artist, “Nobody could take that away from her."" 
  48. ^ (Posted: Sep 1, 1998) (September 1, 1998). "James Hunter reviews Celebrity Skin". Rolling Stone. http://www.rollingstone.com/artists/hole/albums/album/227169/rid/5942887/?rnd=1144451215796&has-player=true&version=6.0.8.1024. Retrieved 2010-02-10. 
  49. ^ "Erlandson also declared that Patty". Celebrity Hollywood News. October 10, 2008. http://www.celebrityhollywoodnews.com/erlandson-also-declared-that-patty/. Retrieved 2010-02-10. 
  50. ^ "Fender Squier Vista Venus". Drown Soda. http://drownsoda.free.fr/vistavenus.htm. Retrieved 2010-02-10. 
  51. ^ "Hole Tones: The Secrets Of Celebrity Skin's Smooth Sound". Guitar World. January 1999. http://www.webcitation.org/query?url=http://www.geocities.com/erictribute/gw199.html&date=2009-10-25+21:53:33. Retrieved 2012-06-07. 
  52. ^ Weston, Colin (May 4, 2001). "Sort The 'Bastard' Out". Drownedinsound.com. http://www.drownedinsound.com/articles/1018. Retrieved 2010-02-10. 
  53. ^ "Corey Parks". Juicemagazine.com. http://www.juicemagazine.com/COREYPARKS.html. Retrieved 2010-02-10. 
  54. ^ Aaron, Charles. "Courtney Love, America's Sweetheart Review". http://www.spinmagazine.com/reviews/courtney-love-americas-sweetheart-virgin. 
  55. ^ "Courtney Love blasts UK music scene and slags off 'America's Sweetheart' during Oxford Union speech". NME. UK. February 13, 2010. http://www.nme.com/news/hole/49737. Retrieved 2011-01-23. 
  56. ^ "Courtney Love Is 'Nobody's Daughter'". Spinner.com. April 18, 2007. http://www.spinner.com/2007/04/18/courtney-love-is-nobodys-daughter. Retrieved 2010-02-10. 
  57. ^ a b Lash, Jolie (February 3, 2006). "Courtney Is Cleared, Ready To Rock". Rolling Stone. http://www.rollingstone.com/artists/courtneylove/articles/story/9232396/courtney_is_cleared_ready_to_rock. Retrieved 2010-02-10. 
  58. ^ Ulaby, Neda (May 15, 2007). "Rebuilding Courtney Love, One Song at a Time". Npr.org. http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=10189167. Retrieved 2010-02-10. 
  59. ^ CourtneyLoveUK (verified account) Twitter posting (June 18, 2009).
  60. ^ "Skinny Little Bitch, most added song on alternative radio". courtney-love.org. March 15, 2010. http://www.courtney-love.org/skinny-little-bitch-most-added-song-on-alternative-radio. Retrieved 2010-11-04. 
  61. ^ Sheffield, Robert (April 26, 2010). "Nobody's Daughter by Hole". Rolling Stone. http://www.rollingstone.com/music/albumreviews/nobodys-daughter-20100426. 
  62. ^ Cinquemani, Sal (April 21, 2010). "Hole: Nobody's Daughter". Slant. http://www.slantmagazine.com/music/review/hole-nobodys-daughter/2083. 
  63. ^ "Bumbershoot 2010 Music Lineup". http://bumbershoot.org/fresh/2010/06/music-lineup-2/. Retrieved 2010-12-29. 
  64. ^ Davies, Steven Paul (2003). A-Z of cult films and film-makers. Batsford. p. 187. http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=La0S3EZ0uysC&pg=PA187#v=onepage&q&f=false. Retrieved 2011-11-01. 
  65. ^ "Courtney on Andy Warhol's 15 Minutes presented by Debbie Harry". YouTube. 1987. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YTm0oIAszdQ. Retrieved 2012-06-07. 
  66. ^ "Andy Warhol's TV and Fifteen Minutes". Warhol Stars. http://www.warholstars.org/warhol/warhol1/andy/warhol/film/tv.html. Retrieved 2011-07-01. 
  67. ^ "Video: I Wanna Be Sedated by The Ramones". http://www.rhino.com/video-ramones-i-wanna-be-sedated. Retrieved 2011-12-04. 
  68. ^ Mitchell, Claudia; Jacqueline Reid-Walsh. Girl Culture: An Encyclopedia, Volume 1. Greenwood Publishing. p. 409. ISBN 978-0-313-33909-7. 
  69. ^ a b "Milos Forman (The People vs Larry Flynt)". Industry Cental. http://www.industrycentral.net/director_interviews/MIFO01.HTM. Retrieved 2011-01-05. 
  70. ^ "The People Vs. Larry Flynt – Rotten Tomatoes". rottentomatoes.com. 2011 [last update]. http://www.rottentomatoes.com/m/people_vs_larry_flynt/. Retrieved 2011-11-01. 
  71. ^ Ebert, Roger (December 27, 1996). "People vs. Larry Flynt: Review by Roger Ebert". Chicago Sun Times. http://rogerebert.suntimes.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/19961227/REVIEWS/612270303/1023. Retrieved 2010-10-13. 
  72. ^ "Outfest". outfest.org. 2011 [last update]. http://www.outfest.org/winners/film.comp.01.html. Retrieved 2011-11-01. 
  73. ^ Balog, Kathy (July 15, 2004). "USATODAY.com – Courtney Love: Cartoon character". USA Today (McLean, VA: Gannett). ISSN 0734-7456. http://www.usatoday.com/life/books/news/2004-07-14-princess-ai_x.htm. Retrieved 2011-10-29. 
  74. ^ Yadao, Jason S. (2009). The Rough Guide to Manga. Dorling Kindersley Ltd. p. 54. http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=8h5oC4SWfC8C&pg=PA54#v=onepage&q&f=false. Retrieved 2011-10-29. 
  75. ^ Dirty Blonde: The Diaries of Courtney Love. Simon & Schuster. p. I. 
  76. ^ The Stranger, Salon, Playboy, New York Times, and Venus Zine all gave the book positive reviews, as exhibited on the back cover artwork.
  77. ^ Harris, Lisa Marie (October 1, 2010). "Arsty-Fartsy Friday: Courtney Love's "Kook-Fashion"". Au Courant Daily. http://www.aucourantdaily.com/index.php/component/content/article/38-frontpage-articles/1119-hilarious-artsy-fartsy-friday-courtney-loves-qkookq-film. Retrieved 2011-08-17. 
  78. ^ a b Perpetua, Matthew (September 29, 2011). "Courtney Love to Write Tell-All Memoir". Rolling Stone. http://www.rollingstone.com/music/news/courtney-love-writes-tell-all-memoir-20110929. Retrieved 2011-10-03. 
  79. ^ Gibson, Megan (October 1, 2011). "Milestones in Literature: Courtney Love Is Penning a Memoir". Time. http://newsfeed.time.com/2011/09/30/milestones-in-literature-courtney-love-is-penning-a-memoir/. Retrieved 2011-10-04. 
  80. ^ Yaeger, Lynn (1 May 2012). ""And She's Not Even Pretty"; Courtney Love's Autobiographical Art Show Opens Tomorrow". Vogue. http://www.vogue.com/vogue-daily/article/and-shes-not-even-pretty-courtney-loves-autobiographical-art-show-opens-tomorrow/. Retrieved 10 June 2012. 
  81. ^ Ng, David (30 April 2012). "Courtney Love attempts her first gallery show". Los Angeles Times. http://www.latimes.com/entertainment/arts/culture/la-et-cm-courtney-love-20120429,0,7941399.story. Retrieved 2 May 2012. 
  82. ^ Apter, Jeff. "Courtney Love: The Life of Love". NY Rock. http://www.nyrock.com/features/courtneylove.htm. Retrieved 2011-05-13. 
  83. ^ "The Courtney Love and James Moreland Divorce". Public Records Site. http://www.recordssitereviews.com/divorcerecords/courtney-love-james-moreldivorce.html. Retrieved 2011-03-10. 
  84. ^ Bush, John. The Leaving Trains at Allmusic
  85. ^ "Courtney Love: The Life of Love (NY Rock Book Review)". Nyrock.com. http://www.nyrock.com/features/courtneylove.htm. Retrieved 2009-05-16. 
  86. ^ Fuse. Hole's Courtney Love on Kurt Cobain, Personal Demons, Sobriety - On The Record. At 12:35 Courtney says, "I met (Kurt) in 1988 at a Dharma Bums show." http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fgqt0ofwE3g
  87. ^ a b Green, Joey. How they met: fateful encounters of famous lovebirds, rivals, partners in crime. Black Dog Publishing. pp. 69–70. 
  88. ^ a b Moran, Caitlin (November 9, 2006). "Love, actually". The Times (London). http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/life_and_style/article630036.ece. Retrieved 2007-12-16. 
  89. ^ Rush & Molloy (March 14, 2010). "Courtney Love Says Edward Norton is Mediator Between her and Daughter Frances Bean". NY Daily News (New York). http://www.nydailynews.com/gossip/2010/03/14/2010-03-14_courtney_love_says_edward_norton_is_mediator_between_her_and_daughter_frances_be.html. Retrieved 2011-01-19. 
  90. ^ Kirkham, Sophie (August 22, 2005). "Courtney Love 'expecting Steve Coogan's baby'". The Guardian (London). http://www.guardian.co.uk/uk/2005/aug/22/film.arts. Retrieved 2011-02-16. 
  91. ^ Alan Carr: Chatty Man. Courtney Love Interview. February 25, 2010. Channel 4 (UK)
  92. ^ Love, Courtney. MTV Interview, 1994: "If you read Vanity Fair, you probably think I swig Jack Daniel's first thing in the morning, after I smoke my crack and don't see my daughter for ten days."
  93. ^ Thoman, Sasa (January 2009). "Truly Madly Courtney: Up All Night With Rock's Coolest Blonde". Elle Magazine UK. 
  94. ^ "Most Shocking Music Moments". VH1's 100 Most Shocking Moments. December 21, 2009. VH1. 
  95. ^ Kaufman, Gil (April 28, 2010). "Courtney Love Recalls Hazy "Letterman Years"". MTV. http://www.mtv.com/news/articles/1637966/courtney-love-recalls-hazy-letterman-years-on-late-show.jhtml. Retrieved 2011-03-01. 
  96. ^ a b Vineyard, Jennifer (March 18, 2004). "Courtney Love Arrested After Allegedly Striking Fan With Mic Stand". Mtv. http://www.mtv.com/news/articles/1485823/20040318/love_courtney.jhtml. Retrieved 2010-02-10. 
  97. ^ "Courtney Love Arrested in New York". MSNBC. March 25, 2004. http://today.msnbc.msn.com/id/4553516. 
  98. ^ "Rock star Love arrested after gig". BBC News. March 18, 2004. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/entertainment/music/3523406.stm. Retrieved 2010-02-10. 
  99. ^ "Courtney Love Says 'Letterman Years' Were Caused By Cocaine". MTV. April 28, 2010. http://newsroom.mtv.com/2010/04/28/courtney-love-letterman/. Retrieved 2011-12-23. 
  100. ^ Kaufman, Gil (October 24, 2003). "Courtney Love Trades Blows With Kurt Cobain's Mom, Admits to Oxycontin OD". MTV. http://www.mtv.com/news/articles/1479936/courtney-lovetrades-blows-with-kurt-cobains-mom.jhtml. Retrieved 2011-05-25. 
  101. ^ "Courtney Love: Stop calling me a 'drug freak'". US Weekly/MSNBC. May 25, 2011. http://today.msnbc.msn.com/id/43174163/. Retrieved 2011-05-25. 
  102. ^ "Enduring Love: Jolie Lash meets Courtney Love". The Guardian (London). November 18, 2005. http://www.guardian.co.uk/music/2005/nov/18/popandrock1. Retrieved 2011-01-05. 
  103. ^ "Courtney Love: Chanting Buddhist". Huffington Post. December 9, 2007. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2007/12/09/courtney-love-chanting-bu_n_75961.html. Retrieved 2011-05-25. 
  104. ^ Love, Courtney. Interview with David Letterman promoting Celebrity Skin. CBS Broadcasting. 20 May 1999. [2]
  105. ^ "Courtney Love Among 'Million Moms' Calling for Tighter Gun Control". VH1. May 15, 2000. http://www.vh1.com/news/articles/872624/20000515/index.jhtml. Retrieved 2010-12-16. 
  106. ^ Love, Courtney (May 14, 2000). "Courtney Love does the math (unedited speech transcript)". Salon. http://www.salon.com/technology/feature/2000/06/14/love/print.html. Retrieved 2010-08-01. 
  107. ^ "1997 VH1 Fashion Awards". October 28, 1997. VH1. 
  108. ^ "Courtney Love supports you, in a kind of scary way". Grrl Planet. November 17, 2008. http://www.grrlplanet.com/courtney-love-gay-marriage-butt-plug/. Retrieved 2011-01-18. 
  109. ^ Kerr, Andrew (January 26, 2011). "Courtney Love Honoured by Oxford University Conservative Association". Spinner. http://www.spinner.com/2011/01/26/courtney-love-oxford-university-honour/. Retrieved 2011-06-20. 
  110. ^ Levy, Lisa (November 6, 2006). "The people vs. Courtney Love". Salon. http://www.salon.com/life/feature/2006/11/06/courtney_scrapbook/print.html. Retrieved 2011-01-10. 
  111. ^ Heywood, Leslie; Drake, Jennifer. Third Wave Agenda: Being Feminist, Doing Feminism. University of Minnesota Press. ISBN 0-8166-3005-4. 
  112. ^ a b "Flipside Interview from issue #68, September/October 1990". The First Session (Album notes). Hole. Sympathy for the Record Industry, Flipside Magazine. 1995. 
  113. ^ Wuelfing, Howard (6 January 1997). "Swans Song". Addicted To Noise. "The group count the likes of Metallica's Kirk Hammet, Henry Rollins, Courtney Love and even Jeff Buckley among its admirers." 
  114. ^ Jones, Craig (May 5, 2010). "Hole/Little Fish – Brixton Academy". EGigs. http://www.egigs.co.uk/index.php?a=13490. 
  115. ^ Doll Parts single. 1995 DGC/Geffen Records. "Do It Clean" lyrics by Echo and the Bunnymen
  116. ^ a b Love, Courtney (September 1, 1994). The Hole Story. Interview with Loder, Kurt. MTV Networks. 
  117. ^ "Love Wants her Throne Back on New Album". Billboard. 2006. http://www.billboard.com/bbcom/news/article_display.jsp?vnu_content_id=1003286178#/bbcom/news/article_display.jsp?vnu_content_id=1003286178. Retrieved 3 June 2012. 
  118. ^ Morris, Matthew (November 11, 2009). "Writing (Courtney) Love into the History of Rhetoric: Articulation of a Feminist Consciousness in Live Through This". National Communication Association. http://www.allacademic.com/meta/p_mla_apa_research_citation/3/2/9/6/4/p329640_index.html. Retrieved 2010-11-15. 
  119. ^ a b Interview with Hole on Nulle Part Ailleur in Paris, France. 21 June 1999.
  120. ^ Heller, Jason (April 27, 2010). "Hole: Nobody's Daughter". The A.V. Club. http://www.avclub.com/articles/hole-nobodys-daughter,40501/. Retrieved 2011-09-20. 
  121. ^ a b Von Furth, Daisy (October 1991). "Hole Lotta Love". Spin: p. 32. 
  122. ^ a b c Walters, Barbara (August 1995). Interview with Courtney Love. The Barbara Walters Special. ABC. 
  123. ^ Masley, Ed. "10 Most Memorable Moments of the MTV Music Video Awards". The Arizona Republic. http://www.azcentral.com/thingstodo/music/articles/2010/09/09/20100909mtv-vmas-memorable-moments.html?page=4. Retrieved July 11, 2011. 
  124. ^ Baltin, Steve. "Courtney Love Is Learning to Rein In the 'Courtney Monster'". Spinner. http://www.spinner.com/2010/01/22/courtney-love-nobodys-daughter/. Retrieved 3 June 2012. 
  125. ^ "Courtney Love successfully introduced the kinderwhore look: filmy Victorian nightgowns with fright-wig doll hair and heavy makeup." Cintra Wilson. You Just Can't Kill It. NYTimes.com, 17 September 2008 (print version appeared in The New York Times 18 September 2008). Last accessed 18 September 2008.
  126. ^ Brown, August (April 23, 2010). "Live Review: Hole at the Music Box". Los Angeles Times. http://latimesblogs.latimes.com/music_blog/2010/04/live-review-hole-at-the-henry-fonda-theater.html. Retrieved 2011-02-27. 
  127. ^ France, Kim (June 3, 1996). "Feminism Amplified". New York Magazine: 34–39. 
  128. ^ Des Barres, Pamela (1995). "Rock 'N' Roll Needs Courtney Love". In McDonnell, Evelyn; Powers, Ann. Rock She Wrote. New York: Delta. p. 204 
  129. ^ "Holy Crap". Family Guy. season 2. Fox. 
  130. ^ "Scott Tenorman Must Die". South Park. season 5. Comedy Central. 
  131. ^ "Diatribe of a Mad Housewife". The Simpsons. season 10. Fox. 
  132. ^ "The Courtney Love Show". Saturday Night Live. season 21. January 2007. 
  133. ^ The lines "Courtney Love and Marilyn Manson, / You're all fakes / Run to your mansions" are featured in "You Only Get What You Give" by the New Radicals.
  134. ^ Romseburg, Don; Finlay, Jennifer (August 17, 1997). "Evens that shaped the under-30 mind". The Advocate. 
  135. ^ a b Russell, John (April 21, 2010). "Unconditional Love". New York Press. http://www.nypress.com/article-21137-unconditional-love.html. Retrieved 2010-12-29. 
  136. ^ "The 50 Greatest Rock Frontmen Of All Time". Spin: p. 32. 2004. 
  137. ^ "Courtney Love Biography: Biography.com". A&E Networks. http://www.biography.com/articles/Courtney-Love-9542145. Retrieved 2011-01-08. 
Bibliography
Journals

External links