Not to be confused with the
Territory of Orleans
, the organized incorporated territory that became the State of Louisiana in 1812.
Territory of Louisiana or Louisiana Territory was an organized incorporated territory of the United States that existed from July 4, 1805, until June 4, 1812, when it was renamed to Missouri Territory. It was formed out of part of the lands acquired by the United States in the Louisiana Purchase, in which French Louisiana was bought from France. Legislating two territories [edit ]
Eighth Congress of the United States on March 26, 1804, passed legislation entitled "An act erecting Louisiana into two territories, and providing for the temporary government thereof", which established [1 ] Territory of Orleans and the civil District of Louisiana. This act, effective October 1, 1804, expanded the authority of the governor and judges of Indiana Territory to provide temporary jurisdiction over the District of Louisiana. Creating Louisiana Territory [edit ]
On March 3, 1805, Congress enacted legislation organizing the District of Louisiana into the Louisiana Territory, effective July 4, 1805. This territorial government was organized similarly to that of the Indiana Territory.
[2 ] Boundaries [edit ]
The Louisiana Territory included everything in the
Louisiana Purchase north of the 33rd parallel (the southern boundary of the present state of Arkansas). The southern and western boundaries with Spanish Texas and New Mexico were not fully defined until the Adams–Onís Treaty of 1819. The seat of government was St. Louis. Subdivisions [edit ]
The Louisiana Territory had five subdivisions St. Louis District, St. Charles District, Ste. Genevieve District, Cape Girardeau District and New Madrid District. In 1806, the territorial legislature created the District of Arkansas from lands ceded by the
Osage Nation. The remainder was known as the Upper Louisiana Territory. Governance [edit ]
Meriwether Lewis (1807–1809) and William Clark (1813–1820) served as territorial governors of the Louisiana Territory.
On October 1, 1812, Governor Clark organized the five administrative districts of Upper Louisiana Territory into counties, which later became the first five
counties of Missouri Territory. In 1818, Franklin and Jefferson counties were formed out of the original St. Louis County, leaving St. Louis County with the land that today comprises St. Louis County and St. Louis. Renamed as Territory of Missouri [edit ]
On June 4, 1812, the
Twelfth U.S. Congress enacted legislation that renamed the Louisiana Territory as the Territory of Missouri to avoid confusion with the recently admitted state of Louisiana. [3 ] See also [edit ] Historic regions of the United States History of Missouri Territorial evolution of the United States Territories of Spain that encompassed land that would later become part of the Territory of Louisiana: Territory of France that encompassed land that would later become part of the Territory of Louisiana: U.S. territories that would later become part of the Territory of Louisiana: U.S. territories that included territory that was previously part of the Territory of Louisiana: Territory of Missouri, 1812–1821 Territory of Arkansaw, 1819–1836 Indian Territory, 1834–1907 Territory of Iowa, 1838–1849 Territory of Minnesota, 1849–1858 Territory of New Mexico, 1850–1912 Territory of Kansas, 1854–1861 Territory of Nebraska, 1854–1867 Territory of Colorado, 1861–1876 Territory of Dakota, 1861–1889 Territory of Montana, 1864–1889 Territory of Wyoming, 1868–1890 Territory of Oklahoma, 1890–1907 U.S. states that include territory that was once part of the Territory of Louisiana: State of Missouri, 1821 State of Arkansas, 1836 State of Texas, 1845 State of Iowa, 1846 State of Minnesota, 1858 State of Kansas, 1861 State of Nebraska, 1867 State of Colorado, 1876 State of North Dakota, 1889 State of South Dakota, 1889 State of Montana, 1889 State of Wyoming, 1890 State of Oklahoma, 1907 State of New Mexico, 1912 Territorial evolution of Canada References [edit ] ^ "An act erecting Louisiana into two territories, and providing for the temporary government thereof". United States Statutes at Large. Eighth Congress, Session I, Chapter 38, March 26, 1804, pg. 283–289. From Library of Congress, . (accessed December 14, 2008) A Century of Lawmaking for a New Nation: U.S. Congressional Documents and Debates, 1774–1875 ^ "An Act further providing for the government of the district of Louisiana". United States Statutes at Large. Eighth Congress, Session II, Chapter 31, March 3, 1805, pg. 331–332. From Library of Congress, . (accessed December 14, 2008) A Century of Lawmaking for a New Nation: U.S. Congressional Documents and Debates, 1774–1875 ^ "An Act providing for the government of the territory of Missouri". United States Statutes at Large. Twelfth Congress, Session I, Chapter 95, June 4, 1812, pg. 742–747. From Library of Congress, . (accessed December 14, 2008) A Century of Lawmaking for a New Nation: U.S. Congressional Documents and Debates, 1774–1875 External links [edit ]