Lorain, Ohio

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City of Lorain (Lorain City)
City
Lorain harbor

Seal
Location within the state of Ohio
Coordinates: 41°26′54″N 82°10′8″W / 41.44833°N 82.16889°W / 41.44833; -82.16889Coordinates: 41°26′54″N 82°10′8″W / 41.44833°N 82.16889°W / 41.44833; -82.16889
CountryUnited States
StateOhio
CountyLorain
Founded1807
Government
 • MayorChase M. Ritenauer (D)
 • President of CouncilJoel Arredondo(D)
Area[1]
 • Total24.14 sq mi (62.52 km2)
 • Land23.67 sq mi (61.31 km2)
 • Water0.47 sq mi (1.22 km2)
Elevation610 ft (186 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total64,097
 • Estimate (2012[3])63,707
 • Density2,707.9/sq mi (1,045.5/km2)
Time zoneEST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes44052-44055-44053-44054
Area code(s)440
FIPS code39-44856
GNIS feature ID1077529[4]
Websitehttp://www.cityoflorain.org
 
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City of Lorain (Lorain City)
City
Lorain harbor

Seal
Location within the state of Ohio
Coordinates: 41°26′54″N 82°10′8″W / 41.44833°N 82.16889°W / 41.44833; -82.16889Coordinates: 41°26′54″N 82°10′8″W / 41.44833°N 82.16889°W / 41.44833; -82.16889
CountryUnited States
StateOhio
CountyLorain
Founded1807
Government
 • MayorChase M. Ritenauer (D)
 • President of CouncilJoel Arredondo(D)
Area[1]
 • Total24.14 sq mi (62.52 km2)
 • Land23.67 sq mi (61.31 km2)
 • Water0.47 sq mi (1.22 km2)
Elevation610 ft (186 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total64,097
 • Estimate (2012[3])63,707
 • Density2,707.9/sq mi (1,045.5/km2)
Time zoneEST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes44052-44055-44053-44054
Area code(s)440
FIPS code39-44856
GNIS feature ID1077529[4]
Websitehttp://www.cityoflorain.org

Lorain is a city in Lorain County, Ohio, United States. The municipality is located in northeastern Ohio on Lake Erie, at the mouth of the Black River, about 30 miles west of Cleveland.

As of the 2010 census, the city had a total population of 64,097,[5] making it Ohio's tenth largest city. Incorporated 1874 (see 'History', below).

Ford Motor Company had the Lorain Assembly Plant in the city, mostly known for assembling the Ford Econoline (E-series) van, Ford Torino and Mercury Montego, and beginning in 1975 the Ford Thunderbird and Mercury Cougar (through 1997); the plant ceased all production on December 14, 2005 because the UAW and Ford management were unable to come to terms on a new contract. The sprawling United States Steel Mill, portions recently acquired by Republic Steel, stretches for nearly 3 miles on the city's south side. These mills have operated in the city since 1895 and continue to employ thousands of local residents. Though the blast furnaces were idled in late 2008, Republic announced in December 2011 that they would be building electric arc furnaces to once again make steel in Lorain.

Geography[edit]

Lorain, part of the Cleveland–Elyria–Mentor metropolitan area, is located at 41°26′54″N 82°10′8″W / 41.44833°N 82.16889°W / 41.44833; -82.16889 (41.448241, -82.168862).[6]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 24.14 square miles (62.52 km2), of which, 23.67 square miles (61.31 km2) is land and 0.47 square miles (1.22 km2) is water.[1]

The Charles Berry Bridge is located in Lorain, which is the 2nd largest bascule bridge in the world.

Name and History[edit]

Broadway, Lorain, Ohio (1917 Postcard)

[reference sources: County records and property-deeds of Huron County and Lorain County Ohio; and History of Lorain County, Williams 1879]

Politics[edit]

Politics in the City of Lorain have traditionally been closely tied to the local Democratic Party. However, through the years Republicans occasionally have been able to win offices. Since the late 1990s Lorain has elected all Democrats to city council, but in 1999 a Republican - Craig Foltin - was elected mayor. In 2003, the voters re-elected Craig L. Foltin.

Lorain is one of the largest cities in Ohio to not have a charter. The city of Lorain functions under a Statutory government. This provides for a Mayor-Council form with until recently 3 at-large seats and 8 wards.

As of the 2008 General Election, the number of residents registered to a political party were:

The city is home to the Lorain Municipal Court, which serves the cities of Lorain and Sheffield Lake as well as Sheffield Township.

Demographics[edit]

Historical populations
CensusPop.
18801,595
18904,863204.9%
190016,028229.6%
191028,88380.2%
192037,20528.8%
193044,51219.6%
194044,125−0.9%
195051,20216.0%
196068,93234.6%
197078,18513.4%
198075,416−3.5%
199071,245−5.5%
200068,652−3.6%
201064,097−6.6%
Est. 201263,707−0.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]
2012 Estimate[10]

2000 census[edit]

As of the census of 2000, there were 68,652 people, 26,434 households, and 17,975 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,858.1 people per square mile (1,103.5/km²). There were 28,231 housing units at an average density of 1,175.5/sq mi (453.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 69.70% White, 15.94% African American, 0.44% Native American, 0.33% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 9.56% from other races, and 3.99% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 21.03% of the population.

There were 26,434 households out of which 33.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.6% were married couples living together, 19.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.0% were non-families. 27.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.11.

In the city the population was spread out with 28.3% under the age of 18, 9.0% from 18 to 24, 28.2% from 25 to 44, 20.5% from 45 to 64, and 14.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 90.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $33,917, and the median income for a family was $39,454. Males had a median income of $34,120 versus $23,065 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,340. About 14.2% of families and 17.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.5% of those under age 18 and 9.2% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 64,097 people, 25,529 households, and 16,368 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,707.9 inhabitants per square mile (1,045.5 /km2). There were 29,144 housing units at an average density of 1,231.3 per square mile (475.4 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 67.9% White, 17.6% African American, 0.5% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 8.3% from other races, and 5.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 25.2% of the population.

There were 25,529 households of which 33.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.1% were married couples living together, 21.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 6.1% had a male householder with no wife present, and 35.9% were non-families. 30.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.09.

The median age in the city was 36.8 years. 26.7% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24.6% were from 25 to 44; 26% were from 45 to 64; and 13.9% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.5% male and 52.5% female.

Economy[edit]

CenturyTel of Ohio is based in Lorain.

Top employers[edit]

According to the City's 2010 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, [11] the top employers in the city are:

#Employer# of employees
1Mercy1,640
2Lorain City School District880
3U.S. Steel600
4Industrias CH490
5City of Lorain455
6Camaco300
7Sprenger Health Care Systems299
8Walmart296
9Lake Pointe Health Center289
10The Nord Center286

Culture[edit]

Over 70 different nationalities live in the Lorain area. Many were originally attracted by work in the steel mills and ship yards. Lorain is sometimes referred to as Steel City mainly because of its well-known steel mill. Downtown Lorain was devastated by a tornado in 1924 and as part of an initiative to rebuild the downtown several historic buildings were constructed, including the Lorain Palace Theatre which opened in 1928 and continues to operate today.[12] One of the highlights of the summer season is the Lorain International Festival.

Pictures[edit]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-06. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-06. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-17. 
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "American FactFinder2". Retrieved 2010-03-20. 
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  7. ^ County government records and property-deeds of Huron County and Lorain County Ohio
  8. ^  History of Lorain County; Williams, 1879
  9. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved November 20, 2013. 
  10. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Retrieved November 20, 2013. 
  11. ^ "Comprehensive Annual Financial Report: Year Ended December 31, 2010" (PDF). City of Lorain. 
  12. ^ http://cinematreasures.org/theater/1042/
  13. ^ Martin, Douglas. "Robert Galambos, Neuroscientist Who Showed How Bats Navigate, Dies at 96", The New York Times, July 15, 2010. Accessed July 16, 2010.

External links[edit]