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A loggia (UK //, US //, Italian: [ˈlɔddʒa]) is an architectural feature that refers to a gallery or corridor at ground level, sometimes higher, on the façade of a building and open to the air on one side, where it is supported by columns or pierced openings in the wall.
The loggia can also be an alternative to the portico. In this form, it is mostly described as a recessed portico or an internal room with piercings along the outer wall making it open to the elements.
A "double loggia" occurs when a loggia is found on the second floor level above a loggia on the main floor.
Loggias were sometimes given significance on a façade by being surmounted by a pediment.
The main difference between a loggia and a portico is the role within the functional layout of the building. The portico allows access to the inside from the exterior and can be found on vernacular and small scale buildings. The loggia is accessed only from inside making it a place for leisure. Thus, it is found mainly on noble residences and public buildings.
A classic use of both is that represented in the Mosaics of Basilica of Sant' Apollinare Nuovo of the Royal Palace.