Locronan

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Locronan
Lokorn
Place de l'Église
Locronan is located in France
Locronan
Coordinates: 48°06′00″N 4°12′24″W / 48.1000°N 4.2067°W / 48.1000; -4.2067Coordinates: 48°06′00″N 4°12′24″W / 48.1000°N 4.2067°W / 48.1000; -4.2067
CountryFrance
RegionBrittany
DepartmentFinistère
ArrondissementChâteaulin
CantonChâteaulin
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014)Jean-Luc Engelmann
Area
 • Land18.08 km2 (3.12 sq mi)
Population (2008)
 • Population2800
 • Population2 Density99/km2 (260/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code29134 / 29180
Elevation38–280 m (125–919 ft)
(avg. 145 m or 476 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
 
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Locronan
Lokorn
Place de l'Église
Locronan is located in France
Locronan
Coordinates: 48°06′00″N 4°12′24″W / 48.1000°N 4.2067°W / 48.1000; -4.2067Coordinates: 48°06′00″N 4°12′24″W / 48.1000°N 4.2067°W / 48.1000; -4.2067
CountryFrance
RegionBrittany
DepartmentFinistère
ArrondissementChâteaulin
CantonChâteaulin
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014)Jean-Luc Engelmann
Area
 • Land18.08 km2 (3.12 sq mi)
Population (2008)
 • Population2800
 • Population2 Density99/km2 (260/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code29134 / 29180
Elevation38–280 m (125–919 ft)
(avg. 145 m or 476 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Locronan (Lokorn in Breton) is a commune in the Finistère department of Brittany in north-western France, with a population of 800.

Locronan is a member of the Les Plus Beaux Villages de France ("The most beautiful villages of France") association.[1]

The place name[edit]

The village's name means the "hermitage of Ronan", after the eponymous founder Saint Ronan. It has previously been known as Saint-René-du-Bois.

Saint Ronan is greatly venerated in Brittany. He was a Celtic (possibly Cornish or Irish) Christian missionary of the 6th century who came to the region to teach the people. As his association with Locronan is close, some of his relics are kept in the parish church.

History[edit]

The St Ronan church at Locronan.

Locronan is a small town built at the foot of a hill. It was granted town status in 1505 by Anne of Brittany, who went there on a pilgrimage.

Since the 15th century, hemp has naturally grown in the area. It was cultivated and processed in a hemp industry in the town at the time, and it was widely used. The town was quite prosperous. Its hemp was exported internationally, as it was used for rigging the ships, both commercial and military, that operated from Brittany's many ports. The Saint Ronan church was built in this period, as well as the small chapel of Penity.

Population[edit]

Inhabitants of Locronan are called in French Locronanais.

Historical population
YearPop.  ±%  
1793768—    
1800691−10.0%
1806691+0.0%
1821664−3.9%
1831797+20.0%
1836805+1.0%
1841773−4.0%
1846865+11.9%
1851832−3.8%
1856719−13.6%
1861700−2.6%
1866638−8.9%
1872683+7.1%
1876759+11.1%
1881783+3.2%
1886766−2.2%
1891759−0.9%
1896778+2.5%
1901733−5.8%
1906720−1.8%
1911716−0.6%
1921760+6.1%
1926749−1.4%
1931924+23.4%
1936872−5.6%
1946794−8.9%
1954777−2.1%
1962715−8.0%
1968672−6.0%
1975686+2.1%
1982704+2.6%
1990796+13.1%
1999799+0.4%
2008800+0.1%

Breton language[edit]

The municipality launched a linguistic plan through Ya d'ar brezhoneg on November 23, 2007 to revive the Breton language.

Events[edit]

Troménie is a pilgrimage festival that includes a large procession, whose participants carry the banners of participating parishes. Held every six years between the second and third Sundays in July, the Grande Troménie is a pilgrimage of about 12 km., traversing the wider sacred area around Locronan.

In the intervening five years, the Petite Troménie is held on the second Sunday in July. It is based in the town and church of Locronan. These are among the major pardons or ceremonies of the traditional Breton festal calendar.

Popular culture[edit]

Locronan has been used as a setting in films:

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]