Locris

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Locris
Λοκρίς

Region of Ancient Greece

Mountains of Locri Ozolae, looking towards Naupactus engraving by William Miller after H W Williams.jpg
The mountains of Ozalian Locris, looking towards Naupactus, engraving.
 
Location:Central Greece
Major cities:Amphissa, Naupactus
Dialects:Doric
Key periods:
 
Ancient Greek southern regions.png
Map showing Locris in relation to other regions
 
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Locris
Λοκρίς

Region of Ancient Greece

Mountains of Locri Ozolae, looking towards Naupactus engraving by William Miller after H W Williams.jpg
The mountains of Ozalian Locris, looking towards Naupactus, engraving.
 
Location:Central Greece
Major cities:Amphissa, Naupactus
Dialects:Doric
Key periods:
 
Ancient Greek southern regions.png
Map showing Locris in relation to other regions

Locris (Greek, Modern: Λοκρίδα, Lokrida, Ancient: Λοκρίς, Lokris) was a region of ancient Greece, the homeland of the Locrians, made up of three distinct districts.

Locrian tribe[edit]

The city of Locri in Calabria (Italy), also known in antiquity as "Epizephyrian Locris", was a colony founded by the Locrians in Magna Graecia. There is some disagreement over whether it was those from Opuntian Locris or from Ozolian Locris who were responsible.

Ancient Locris[edit]

The territory of the Locrians was divided into three by Doris and Phocis, perhaps due to an early invasion of a contiguous Locrian state. This fact, combined with the region's infertility, meant that the Locrians tended to be dominated by their neighbours, and played little part in Greek history.

To the south-west of Phocis was Ozolian Locris, situated on the north coast of the Gulf of Corinth, between Naupactus and Crisa. The main cities of Ozolian Locris were Amphissa and Naupactus which was its seaport. To the north east of Phocis was Opuntian Locris, named after its main city, Opus. Finally, to the north of Phocis was Epicnemidian Locris, situated near the pass of Thermopylae.[citation needed]

Ozolian Locris[edit]

The main towns of Ozolian Locris were Amphissa and Naupactus. Today, the area is part of Aetolia-Acarnania and Phocis.

Opuntian Locris[edit]

Opuntian Locris is part of modern Phthiotis.

Province[edit]

The province of Locris (Greek: Επαρχία Λοκρίδας) was one of the provinces of the Phthiotis Prefecture. Its capital was the town Atalanti. Its territory corresponded with that of the current municipalities Amfikleia-Elateia, Lokroi, and Molos-Agios Konstantinos.[1] It was abolished in 2006.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Detailed census results 1991 PDF (39 MB) (Greek) (French)

External links[edit]