Llanfyrnach

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Llanfyrnach
CEEglwysLlanfyrnach.jpg
Parish church of St Brynach, Llanfyrnach
Llanfyrnach is located in Pembrokeshire
Llanfyrnach
Llanfyrnach
 Llanfyrnach shown within Pembrokeshire
OS grid referenceSN2195331195
CommunityCrymych
Principal areaPembrokeshire
Ceremonial countyDyfed
CountryWales
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Postcode districtSA35
Dialling code01239
PoliceDyfed-Powys
FireMid and West Wales
AmbulanceWelsh
EU ParliamentWales
UK ParliamentPreseli Pembrokeshire
List of places
UK
Wales
Pembrokeshire
 
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Coordinates: 51°57′N 4°35′W / 51.95°N 4.59°W / 51.95; -4.59

Llanfyrnach
CEEglwysLlanfyrnach.jpg
Parish church of St Brynach, Llanfyrnach
Llanfyrnach is located in Pembrokeshire
Llanfyrnach
Llanfyrnach
 Llanfyrnach shown within Pembrokeshire
OS grid referenceSN2195331195
CommunityCrymych
Principal areaPembrokeshire
Ceremonial countyDyfed
CountryWales
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Postcode districtSA35
Dialling code01239
PoliceDyfed-Powys
FireMid and West Wales
AmbulanceWelsh
EU ParliamentWales
UK ParliamentPreseli Pembrokeshire
List of places
UK
Wales
Pembrokeshire

Llanfyrnach (English: church of St Brynach) is a village and parish in the hundred of Cemais, Pembrokeshire, Wales.[1] The parish is in the community and ward of Crymych and is situated in a remote upland area on the headwaters of the River Tâf, about 11 miles (18 km) from Cardigan.

History[edit]

There is a small Norman motte close to the church. Much of the parish was unenclosed moorland until the start of the 19th century. Population doubled as numerous small farms were established following enclosure from the 16th century onwards.[2]

Llanfyrnach mine adit

There was an important lead mine on the north side of the village until the end of the 19th century. Mining occurred on a small scale for the sake of the low but significant concentration of silver in the ores, perhaps from as early as the 16th century. As a result of high demand for lead in the Victorian era, the mine was greatly extended in the 1840s, and had reached 520 m below the surface by the time of its closure in 1890.[3]

The Whitland & Taf Vale Railway reached the village in 1873,[4] and the village became a transport depot for the surrounding hill country, a role that it still retains although the railway closed in 1963. Lead and agricultural produce were shipped out, and heavy supplies, notably lime, were brought in.

St Brynach's Church[edit]

The present church is mid-Victorian, but there has been a Christian community in the village since at least as far back as the 6th century when St Brynach is believed to have come to the area. The parish includes a number of other settlements, including the village of Crymych.[5] In 1872 the parish covered 6,328 acres (2,561 ha).[6]

Demographics[edit]

The village remains small, with much of the workforce employed in transportation. The population of the parish was 542 (1801), 933 (1851), 954 (1901), 844 (1951) and 837 (1981).[2] The area remains largely Welsh-speaking; the proportion of Welsh speakers was 100% in 1891, 97% in 1931 and 82% in 1971.

Notable people[edit]

The Welsh language poet Thomas Evan Nicholas (Niclas y Glais) was born in Llanfyrnach in 1878.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "GENUKI: Llanfyrnach". Retrieved 2 July 2014. 
  2. ^ a b "Llanfyrnach CP/AP through time". Retrieved 2 July 2014. 
  3. ^ Claughton, Peter (1999). Llanfyrnach Mine (with further references). Exeter University. Retrieved 2 July 2014. 
  4. ^ Jones, R Emrys (1979). Rheilffyrdd Cymru. Argraffdy Arfon. p. 54. ISBN 0-85365-922-2. 
  5. ^ "Llanfyrnach Church". Retrieved 2 July 2014. 
  6. ^ Wilson, J.M. (1870-72). Imperial Gazeteer of England and Wales. Retrieved 2 July 2014. 

External links[edit]

Preceding stationHistorical railwaysFollowing station
Rhydowen Great Western Railway
Whitland & Cardigan Railway
 Glogue