Livingston's history dates back to 1699 when 101 Newark settlers wanted to move westward. They set up a committee to negotiate from Lenni LenapeNative Americans for the purchase of the Horseneck Tract which today includes Livingston and eight other municipalities to the north. Between 1698 and 1702, the rules for property ownership were unclear. There were many disputes between settlers and the English proprietors. For some unknown reasons, the Newark settlers did not obtain a grant from the proprietors before negotiating with the natives. They finally obtained the deed directly from Lenni Lenape in 1702 for £130. The settlements began until around the 1740s as the dispute between the proprietors and the settlers continued.
The dispute came to a breaking point in September 1745 when the East Jersey proprietors began to evict a settler only six months after a house fire in Newark completely destroyed the original deed, which was the only evidence of the purchase. During that period, William Livingston who was one of the few landed aristocrats joined the settlers against the proprietors. Livingston owned land around today's south western corner of the Township of Livingston. His land, like other settlers, was levied with quit rents in the amount 40 shillings per acre. He defended many settlers who were jailed for refusing to pay the quit rents.
This series of events caused the settlers, led by Timothy Meeker, to form a group to riot against the British government. The Horseneck Riots lasted for 10 years from 1745 to 1755. The group was also one of the first colonial militia which had periodic battles for 32 years leading up to the Revolutionary War as the group joined the Continental Army in 1776.
After the Revolutionary War, more permanent settlements took place with the first school built in 1783. In 1811, a petition was filed to incorporate the township from about 100 people who lived in seven distinct areas: Centerville (separated to become Roseland, in 1908), Cheapside (now Livingston Mall), Morehousetown (now Livingston Circle), Northfield (now Northfield Center), Squiretown (now the Cerebral Palsy Institute of New Jersey on Old Road), Teedtown (now Livingston Center), and Washington Place (now near the border with Millburn). On February 5, 1813, the township was officially incorporated. The first town meeting was held on the same day and they decided to run the township by a Township Committee system.
During the 1800s, lumber and farming were major industries in the town. Shoemaking and dairy became major industries during and after the Civil War respectively. However, the population grew slowly because it was not easily accessible. Mt. Pleasant Avenue – which was one of the first turnpikes in New Jersey – was the only primary access to the town through stagecoaches.
The population grew quickly after the 1920s when automobiles became more accessible. As a suburb of Newark, the town experienced many housing developments especially after World War II with its peak in 1970 of more than thirty thousand residents. During this growth period, many services were organized including volunteer Fire Department in 1922, first regular Livingstone Police chief in 1929, a Planning Commission in 1930, two hospitals opened in 1959 and 1960, new public library in 1961, and new municipal complex in 1963.
The last surviving Harrison Cider Apple tree, the most famous of the 18th century Newark cider apples was rescued from extinction in 1976 in Livingston.
Today, around 28,000 people live in this suburban community, which lies around an hour from New York City. Its school system, which had last been nationally recognized in 1998, and other programs have been drawing new residents to the town. Its population has maintained a level of diversity while the residents continue the tradition of community volunteerism.
According to the 2002 results of the National Jewish Population Survey, there were 12,600 Jews in Livingston, approximately 46% of the population, one of the highest percentages of Jews in any American municipality. The neighboring towns of South Orange and Millburn also have high jewish populations.
There were 9,990 households, of which 41.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 73.5% were married couples living together, 6.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 17.2% were non-families. 15.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.91 and the average family size was 3.24.
In the township, 27.0% of the population were under the age of 18, 4.7% from 18 to 24, 21.2% from 25 to 44, 30.3% from 45 to 64, and 16.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43.3 years. For every 100 females there were 94.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.1 males.
The Census Bureau's 2006–2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $129,208 (with a margin of error of +/- $6,377) and the median family income was $143,429 (+/- $10,622). Males had a median income of $100,075 (+/-$11,306) versus $71,213 (+/- $7,102) for females. The per capita income for the township was $60,577 (+/- $3,918). About 1.1% of families and 2.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 0.6% of those under age 18 and 1.7% of those age 65 or over.
There were 9,300 households out of which 41.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 76.0% were married couples living together, 7.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 14.7% were non-families. 13.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.93 and the average family size was 3.21.
In the township the population was spread out with 26.6% under the age of 18, 4.6% from 18 to 24, 26.6% from 25 to 44, 26.8% from 45 to 64, and 15.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 94.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.3 males.
The median income for a household in the township was $98,869, and the median income for a family was $108,049. Males had a median income of $77,256 versus $41,654 for females. The per capita income for the town was $47,218. 1.8% of the population and 1.1% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 1.2% are under the age of 18 and 3.2% are 65 or older.
Livingston operates under the Faulkner Act (Council-Manager) form of municipal government. Livingston's Township Council consists of five members, elected to four-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with either two or three seats coming up for election every other year. A Mayor and Deputy Mayor are selected by the Council from among its members at a reorganization meeting held after each election.
As of 2013[update], members of the Township Council are Mayor Rufino "Rudy" Fernandez, Jr. (term ends 2014), Deputy Mayor Michael Rieber (2014), Deborah E. Shapiro (2014), Michael Silverman (2016) and Alfred Anthony (2016).
The Township Manager is Michele E. Meade. She is the third Township Manager, preceded by Robert H. Harp (1954–85) and Charles J. Tahaney (1985–2005).
The Livingston Police Department (LPD) was established in 1813. It consists of three departments: the Patrol Division, Traffic Division, and Detective Bureau.
There are more than 40 volunteer Committees and Boards run through the Township. A few samples are:
Livingston is located in the 11th Congressional District and is part of New Jersey's 27th state legislative district. Prior to the 2010 Census, Livingston had been split between the 8th Congressional District and the 11th Congressional District, a change made by the New Jersey Redistricting Commission that took effect in January 2013, based on the results of the November 2012 general elections.
As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 20,617 registered voters in Livingston, of which 7,640 (37.1%) were registered as Democrats, 3,564 (17.3%) were registered as Republicans and 9,402 (45.6%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 11 voters registered to other parties.
In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 53.4% of the vote here (8,244 cast), ahead of Republican John McCain with 44.8% (6,920 votes) and other candidates with 0.8% (122 votes), among the 15,433 ballots cast by the township's 20,367 registered voters, for a turnout of 75.8%. In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 54.4% of the vote here (8,101 ballots cast), outpolling Republican George W. Bush with 44.7% (6,657 votes) and other candidates with 0.5% (96 votes), among the 14,896 ballots cast by the township's 19,306 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 77.2.
In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 48.8% of the vote here (4,863 ballots cast), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 44.0% (4,386 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 5.7% (563 votes) and other candidates with 0.6% (61 votes), among the 9,961 ballots cast by the township's 20,405 registered voters, yielding a 48.8% turnout.
When Robert Kean ran for the Senate, losing to Harrison A. Williams in 1958, Livingston's Congressman became George M. Wallhauser, a Republican. In redistricting after the 1960 census, Livingston was moved into the district of Republican Congresswoman Florence P. Dwyer. After redistricting following the 1970 census, Livingston went into Congressman Peter Frelinghuysen, Jr.'s district. He was the father of Livingston's current Congressman, Rodney P. Frelinghuysen. When Peter Frelinghuysen retired in 1974, he was succeeded by Millicent Fenwick, who beat Tom Kean in a Republican primary by about 80 votes. After the 1980 census, Livingston was moved to Congressman Joseph G. Minish's district. Minish was defeated by Dean Gallo in 1984 and served until his death in 1994. Rodney Frelinghuysen took his seat. The 2000 Census split the town, and now Congressman Bill Pascrell represents a portion of the community.
Essex County Freeholders from Livingston have included Reita Greenstone, James Cavanaugh, Patricia Sebold, and William Clark.
For the 1997–98 school year, Livingston High School received the Blue Ribbon Award from the United States Department of Education, one of the highest honors that an American school can achieve. Livingston High School was ranked 24th in New Jersey in New Jersey Monthly's 2012 rankings, 9th in New Jersey high schools in Newsweek's 2013 rankings of "America's Best High Schools", and is unranked in USNews's high school rankings. 26.7% of the township's population 25 years and older who attain professional, Masters or Doctorate degrees. During 2007–2008 budget year, Livingston allocated 59.96% of local property tax toward the Livingston Public Schools. Additionally, a separate budget of 7% of all municipal services went toward the operation of its public library. According to library statistics collected by Institute of Museum and Library Services, Livingston Public Library was ranked 22 out of 232 municipal libraries in New Jersey based on total circulation in 2006.
Livingston Chinese School and Livingston Huaxia Chinese School are two weekend Chinese-language schools in Livingston which use facilities of Heritage Middle School and Mount Pleasant school.
Arts and culture
Livingston is home of a few performing arts organizations from local to international:
Livingston Symphony Orchestra is a group of community-based performers which was formed in 1960. The symphony orchestra is currently directed by Istvan Jaray, an internationally renowned artist who appears regularly in concert halls across Europe, Canada and the United States. It holds many performances during each season.
Livingston Community Players is a community-based theatre organization. There has been many productions in the recent years. The performers are from local community and other places in New Jersey. Past productions, including The Sound of Music, Oliver!, and Annie, received Perry Awards from New Jersey Association of Community Theatres.
Children's Theatre of Livingston is a local organization that provides performance opportunities for Livingston children grades 2 to 8. The children are trained in acting roles and staging staff. It has annual performance since the first season in 2007.
New Jersey Ballet is a major ballet company based in Livingston. The company is recognized nationally and internationally with tours in many countries in Europe, Asia and North America. Livingston is also the headquarters of New Jersey School of Ballet which offers many classes in Ballet, Jazz and Tap.
Livingston has many local artists in many forms. Local artists have support from Livingston Arts Association which is an organization formed in 1959 to promote art in the community including large scale exhibitions, demonstrations, and workshops. The organization is also a member of Art Council of Livingston which has a gallery at Livingston Town Center.
Ward-Force House and Condit Family Cook House are two building structures located at 366 South Livingston Avenue. These structures were jointly registered in the National Register of Historic Places in 1981, commonly known as the Old Force Homestead. Originally, Ward-Force House and Condit Family Cook House were built in separate properties. Ward-Force House was built as early as 1745 by Theophilus Ward. It was later purchased by Samuel Force for his son, Thomas Force. During the Revolutionary War, Thomas served as a patriot and was captured by the British. Thomas came back to live with his wife and children after the war and expanded the house. It was sold to the township in 1962. Condit Family Cook House was built as a stand-alone summer kitchen of a farm home near the current location of Livingston Mall. When the mall was built during the 1970s, the cook house was donated to the township and was moved to the current location at the rear of Ward-Force House. Currently, the Old Force Homestead is the headquarters of Livingston Historical Society and the Force Homestead Museum.
Dickinson House and Washington Place Schoolhouse are two other sites in the township that are registered in the New Jersey State Historic Site Program. Dickinson House is located at 84 Dickinson Lane. It was once visited by U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt for a hunting trip. Washington Place Schoolhouse is located at 122 Passaic Avenue. It was a school house that was built around 1800.
Although largely a bedroom community, there are numerous stores and restaurants located in Livingston. There are three main shopping areas. The first area is located in the center of the town. It stretches along Livingston Avenue from Route 10 to Northfield Avenue. Historically, the area had been dominated by small local shops and restaurants. With recent addition of Livingston Town Center, a mixed-use development, more well-known stores have been opened in the area such as Starbucks, as well as new restaurants such as Baumgart's Cafe and Thavma Mediterranean Grill.
The third shopping area is located at the outer skirt of the town on the western side. It is the starting point of Route 10 shopping corridor that extends to East Hanover. The corridor is home of many major big-box stores. Most of those stores are located within East Hanover's border.
There are three supermarkets in the township. Additional specialty food stores such as Kam Man Food – Asian food supermarket, and Whole Foods Market are located in neighboring towns.
Livingston also has a local Public-access television station (Livingston TV on Comcast TV-34 and Verizon FiOS 26), which is maintained by Livingston High School Students as well as the LPBC (Livingston Public Broadcasting Committee).
Parks and recreation
There are more than 470 acres (1.9 km2) of wooded parks with passive hiking trails in Livingston. Additional 1,817 acres (7.35 km2) are zoned to be preserved in its natural state without public access. This brings to about 25% of total land in the town that is in its natural conditions with habitats of eight threatened or endangered species.
There are many smaller parks and open space that are integrated with recreational and municipal sport facilities. These include two swimming pools, ten little league baseball diamonds, four full baseball diamonds, eight full soccer/lacrosse fields, one full football field, three basketball courts, sixteen tennis courts, eleven playgrounds, a jogging track, a dog park, and a fishing/ice skating pond. The township is in the planning stage to build inter-connected mixed-used paths, biking and hiking trails to connect those parks and open space throughout the town.
Livingston has an active open space trust fund that continues to acquire more lands for preservation and recreation. As of 2003[update], there were 842 acres (9% of total land) that were protected from development. There were additional 2,475 acres (10.02 km2) that could be protected by the fund.
Riker Hill Complex
A radio tower in the Riker Hill Complex
Riker Hill Complex (also referred to as Riker Hill Park) is a 204.68-acre (0.8283 km2) parkland located along the border of Livingston and Roseland. The complex is managed by Department of Parks, Recreation, and Cultural Affairs of Essex County. It comprises three parks, Riker Hill Art Park – a former Nike Missile control area site, Walter Kidde Dinosaur Park – a National Natural Landmark, and Becker Park which were acquired between 1969 to 1977. Although a large portion of the complex is located within Roseland, but the county designated Livingston as the host community as the Riker Hill Art Park is the only functional and publicly accessible park at the present time. The art park located atop of the hill is home of many studios in multiple disciplines of art and craft.
Recreation department under the Senior, Youth & Leisure Services offers many programs for residents ranging from pre-school courses, children games, crafts, and dance; to a dozen of youth and adult sports programs. Livingston residents can also apply for memberships of public golf courses at Francis Byrne Golf Course in West Orange and Millburn Municipal Golf Course in Millburn Township. Additionally, there are many independent sports organizations such as Livingston Little League, Livingston Jr. Lancers (football & cheerleading), Livingston Lacrosse Club, and Livingston Soccer Club.
From 1984 to 1989, Livingston was the site of the Grand Prix tennis circuit tournament, the Livingston Open. The Grand Prix was the only professional circuit since 1985 before it was succeeded by ATP Tour in 1990. The tournament was won by tennis legend Andre Agassi in 1988 earning him the seventh title in his career.
On June 18, 1996, the Olympic Torch made a stop in Livingston while en route to Atlanta, Georgia.
On November 16, 1999, Livingston High School hosted sitting Governor Christine Todd Whitman and her cabinet for a town meeting with a conversation focusing on the state's diversity.
On March 29, 2005, comedian Mitch Hedberg was found dead by his wife in a Livingston hotel room. A medical examiner's report found traces of cocaine and heroin in his system.
On January 13, 2008, Livingston High School housed the first of New Jersey Governor Jon Corzine's all-state county forum tour of Jersey to promote and explain his new toll hike proposal to finance state road maintenance. The town hall meeting, which reportedly 900 people attended, featured a powerpoint by Corzine and then a Q and A session where many attendees inquired about a new school financing proposal more so than the toll issue.
Notable natives and residents
Notable current and former natives and residents of Livingston include:
Heth and Jed, New York City-based indie rock duo consisting of brothers Heth and Jed Weinstein, who are also co-authors of Buskers: The On-the-Streets, In-the-Trains, Off-the-Grid Memoir of Two New York City Street Musicians (Soft Skull Press).
Ruth Marcus (born 1958), liberal op-ed columnist for The Washington Post who grew up in Livingston, where she was close friends with future political (and politically-opposite) columnist Mona Charen.
Jian Li (born 1988), graduated from Livingston High School in the top 1% of his class and scored a perfect 2400 on the SAT, but filed suit against Princeton University claiming that his rejection from the school was based on discrimination against Asian Americans.
^Livingston Township's Namesake: William Livingston, First Governor of New Jersey, West Essex Tribune, August 25, 2011, p.B-8
^ abA Brief History Of Livingston, New Jersey, West Essex Tribune, August 27, 2009, p.A-10
^William Coxe, Jr. (1817). A View of the Cultivation of Fruit Trees and the Management of Orchards and Cider. Philadelphia.
^McManus, Fran. "Lost & Found; The rise, fall and rebirth of the Harrison cider apple", Edible Jersey, Fall 2010. Accessed August 5, 2013. "In September 1976, Paul Gidez, an orchardist and fruit collector from Vermont, came to Essex County to search for the Harrison apple. Stopping at a bagel shop, he asked if there were any old cider mills in the area. He was directed to Nettie Ochs Cider Mill in Livingston, where he found a large Harrison tree that, according to the owner, had been planted around the turn of the century."
^Raum, John O. The History of New Jersey: From Its Earliest Settlement to the Present Time, Volume 1, p. 243-4, J. E. Potter and company, 1877. Accessed July 14, 2013. "Livingston was formed in 1812, is five miles long and four wide. On the north is Caldwell, on the east West Orange, on the west Chatham and Hanover, in Morris county, and on the south Millburn. It lies ten miles west of Newark, and contains the small settlements of Livingston, Centreville, Moorehoustown, and Northfield. Population in 1850, 1,151; in 1860, 1,323; and in 1870, 1,157."
^ abGeneral Information, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed July 9, 2014. "The Board of Chosen Freeholders consists of nine members, five of whom are elected from districts and four of whom are elected at-large. They are elected for three-year concurrent terms and may be re-elected to successive terms at the annual election in November."
^Lee, Eunice. "Labor leader from South Orange tapped as new Essex County freeholder", The Star-Ledger, December 19, 2012. Accessed July 9, 2014. "A longtime labor union leader from South Orange was sworn in this afternoon as the newest Essex County freeholder.Gerald Owens, 74, is a general organizer for the International Longshoremen's Association.... Owens is filling the seat vacated by former at-large freeholder Donald Payne Jr., who stepped down from the post last month after securing the 10th Congressional District seat left open by his late father."
^"Statement from the National Museum of American History: Collection of Materials from V.A. Shiva Ayyudurai", Smithsonian Institution, February 23, 2012. Accessed March 19, 2013. "On Feb. 16, the Smithsonian’s National Museum of American History collected a selection of materials from Shiva Ayyadurai of MIT. In accepting these objects, the museum did not claim that Ayyadurai was 'the inventor of email,' as some press accounts have alleged.... The objects collected include: two program printouts, two tape cassettes, a reel of computer tape and a variety of other materials related to an electronic mail program Ayyadurai developed for the College of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey as a high school student at Livingston High School in Livingston, N.J., in 1979."
^Hester, Tom, Sr. "Christie names Richard Bagger, Robert E. Grady to chair a task force on New Jersey’s fiscal challenges", NewJerseyNewsroom.com, November 12, 2009. Accessed February 24, 2011. "Christie named former Republican legislator Richard H. Bagger of Westfield, an executive at Pfizer Inc and a former chairman of the lower house's Appropriations Committee, and Robert E. Grady, a Livingston native, former aide to Gov. Thomas Kean and former top official at the White House Office of Management and Budget (OMB) as co-chairmen of the task force."
^Sullivan, John. "Like an 'Abandoned Planet'", The New York Times, August 22, 2004. Accessed August 5, 2013. "There was the murmur of reporters and photographers trading the rumor of the moment, punctuated and fanned by cellphones ringing with tips – like the one on Tuesday that the United States attorney, up the Turnpike in Newark, was planning to announce a plea agreement involving Charles Kushner, a developer from Livingston who is one of the top Democratic contributors in the country."
^Antonen, Mel. "Dealers look for all the angles", USA Today, January 19, 1989. Accessed February 24, 2011. "Another student Darren Prince, 18, of Livingston N.J. is working his way to a business degree at the University of Bridgeport"
^"Seven-figure donation fuels emergency campaign", United Jewish Communities of MetroWest. Accessed February 24, 2011. "Chief among them is the gift of David Tepper of Livingston, who donated $1 million from the David A. Tepper Charitable Foundation. Tepper, a hedge-fund manager, made the pledge last month at a parlor meeting in the Short Hills home of Steven and Lori Klinghoffer."
^Weinraub, Bernard. "At the Movies", The New York Times, October 22, 1999. Accessed August 5, 2013. "I was born in 1959 and grew up in Livingston, N.J., but I felt I knew these people very well, said Mr. Alexander (above)."
^Rose, Lisa. "Lady Gaga files lawsuit of her own against Rob Fusari", The Star-Ledger, March 20, 2010. Accessed February 24, 2011. "The 42-year-old Livingston native, who helped pen and produce such hits as 'Bootylicious' by Destiny's Child and 'Wild Wild West' by Will Smith, was singing a different tune during a taped interview with The Star-Ledger in January."
^Shattuck, Kathryn. "Column: WHAT'S ON TONIGHT", The New York Times, March 9, 2007. Accessed August 6, 2007. "10 P.M. (Comedy Central) COMEDY CENTRAL PRESENTS Chelsea Handler, the youngest of six children, was born in Livingston, N.J., to a Jewish father and a Mormon mother."
^Michaud, Jon. "The Exchange: Music in the Streets and Underground", The New Yorker, June 3, 2011. Accessed October 9, 2011. "Heth and Jed Weinstein, busking brothers who have been performing on the streets and in the subways of New York City for years, have just published their first book. "Buskers: The On-the-Streets, In-the-Trains, Off-the-Grid-Memoir of Two New York City Street Musicians" was released in May by Soft Skull Press. The memoir, told in alternating chapters by Heth and Jed, chronicles their childhood in Livingston, New Jersey, their brief career as petty criminals, their early attempts to make it in the music business, and, finally, their success as street musicians."
^Wong, Wayman. "THE LEADING MEN: Brian’s Song", Playbill, February 1, 2005. Accessed February 24, 2011. "Born in Livingston, NJ, he started playing the piano at four, and was a punk rock kid who played in local bands and loved Alice Donut, the Lunachicks and Mudhoney."
^ abMona Charen and Ruth Marcus, C-SPANQ&A (television), July 9, 2006 transcript. Accessed February 24, 2011. "BRIAN LAMB, C-SPAN: Ruth Marcus, can you remember the first time you met Mona Charen? RUTH MARCUS, AUTHOR: I can't remember the first time but I can remember many other times in the middle there because we were – we both started in Livingston, New Jersey in fourth grade. We were both new to the school but we were in different classes, so I remember fifth grade on up."
^Kennedy, Mark. "Talking With: Harlan Coben", Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, September 16, 2006. Accessed July 10, 2007. "Born in Newark and raised in Livingston, Coben is a Jersey boy through-and-through, having moved only to attend Amherst College in Massachusetts, where he met his wife, Anne, a pediatrician."
^Moskin, Julia. "One Cook, Thousands of Seders", The New York Times, April 16, 2008. Accessed March 28, 2011. "'No corn, no grains, no legumes, no seeds — not even mustard or soy sauce for eight days,' she said, searing a rib roast as big as a bread machine in her kitchen in Livingston, N.J. 'It's quite challenging, as a cook.'"
^"Environmental Resource Inventory", Livingston Environmental Commission, July, 2010. Accessed August 25, 2011. "The Kean home is a Georgian–style bluestone mansion constructed by. Alexander Kean circa 1900 (Appendix D, Photo I). The house is located at 11 Chelsea Drive and was the longtime residence of Hamilton Kean US Congressman and brother of Alexander."
^Sullivan, Joseph F. "Politics; KEAN SET TO GET 'DIPLOMA' TUESDAY", The New York Times, November 29, 1981. Accessed February 24, 2011. "THOMAS H. KEAN of Livingston, a former Assembly Speaker, is scheduled to get his diploma on Tuesday. That is when the state's Board of Canvassers meets in Trenton to certify the results of the Nov. 3 gubernatorial election."
^Dampf, Andrew. "Altidore gets his message across this time", USA Today, June 24, 2009. Accessed February 24, 2011. "Born in Livingston, New Jersey, to Haitian parents, U.S. Soccer is hoping Altidore develops into the consistent scorer the team has lacked for years. So far he's on schedule."
^Williams, Lena. "PLUS: TENNIS – EXHIBITION; Gimelstob Starts Charity Event", The New York Times, December 16, 1998. Accessed August 5, 2013. "On Saturday, Gimelstob and three of his Davis Cup teammates – Todd Martin, Jim Courier and Jan-Michael Gambill – will take part in a one-day exhibition to benefit three charities: the Eastern Tennis Association, the Tim and Tom Gullikson Foundation, and the Valerie Fund at St. Barnabas Medical Center in Livingston, N.J. My brothers and I were born there, said Gimelstob, of the medical center."
^Staff. "Utah Jazz Acquires Brevin Knight from L.A. Clippers", Utah Jazz, July 23, 2008. Accessed February 24, 2011. "A native of Livingston, N.J., Knight attended Seton Hall Prep in East Orange, N.J., before playing four seasons at Stanford University (1993–97), where he was a First Team All-American as a senior and won the 1997 Frances Pomeroy Naismith Award as the nation's most outstanding senior male collegian under six feet tall."
^Trecker, Jerry. "WORLD CUP '94 Making A Quick Point Newcomers, one local, help USA over Norway", Newsday, January 16, 1994. Accessed February 24, 2011. "Chasing down a long throw from former Blau-Weiss Gottschee star Dario Brose, [Claudio Reyna], the 1993 College Player of the Year from the University of Virginia and Livingston, N.J., slammed a hard shot at Norway goalkeeper Frode Grodas to create a game-winning rebound chance for Cobi Jones as the United States defeated Norway, 2–1, in Sun Devil Stadium yesterday to begin its 1994 World Cup preparation with an upset triumph."
^Dillon, Dennis. "The miracles in David Tyree's grasp", Sporting News, June 19, 2008. Accessed February 24, 2011. "Born in Livingston, N.J., Tyree had something of a hardscrabble life. He was 1 when his parents, Jesse and Thelma, divorced. When he was 10, Thelma moved Tyree and his two older sisters to Montclair, where they lived in a one-bedroom house. Thelma slept in the bedroom, David had the living room and his sisters took the dining room."