Little Valley (village), New York

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Little Valley, New York
Village
The village's post office
The village's post office
Little Valley is located in New York
Little Valley
Little Valley
Location within the state of New York
Coordinates: 42°14′58″N 78°47′59″W / 42.24944°N 78.79972°W / 42.24944; -78.79972Coordinates: 42°14′58″N 78°47′59″W / 42.24944°N 78.79972°W / 42.24944; -78.79972
CountryUnited States
StateNew York
CountyCattaraugus
Incorporated1870
Government
 • MayorNorman Marsh
Area
 • Total1.0 sq mi (2.6 km2)
 • Land1.0 sq mi (2.6 km2)
 • Water0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation1,598 ft (487 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total1,143
 • Density1,141/sq mi (440.4/km2)
Time zoneEastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code14755
Area code(s)716
FIPS code36-42829
GNIS feature ID0955720
Phone exchange938
Websitewww.villageoflittlevalley.org
 
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Little Valley, New York
Village
The village's post office
The village's post office
Little Valley is located in New York
Little Valley
Little Valley
Location within the state of New York
Coordinates: 42°14′58″N 78°47′59″W / 42.24944°N 78.79972°W / 42.24944; -78.79972Coordinates: 42°14′58″N 78°47′59″W / 42.24944°N 78.79972°W / 42.24944; -78.79972
CountryUnited States
StateNew York
CountyCattaraugus
Incorporated1870
Government
 • MayorNorman Marsh
Area
 • Total1.0 sq mi (2.6 km2)
 • Land1.0 sq mi (2.6 km2)
 • Water0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation1,598 ft (487 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total1,143
 • Density1,141/sq mi (440.4/km2)
Time zoneEastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code14755
Area code(s)716
FIPS code36-42829
GNIS feature ID0955720
Phone exchange938
Websitewww.villageoflittlevalley.org

Little Valley is a village in Cattaraugus County, New York, United States. It is in the northwest corner of the town of Little Valley. The village population was 1,143 at the 2010 census,[1] out of a population of 1,740 within the entire town. Little Valley is the county seat of Cattaraugus County and also the location of the county fair (held in August in the fairgrounds north of the village). The village is north of Salamanca.

The village's name is a relative comparison of two tributaries (the other being the neighboring Great Valley) of the Allegheny River.

History[edit]

Prior to 1868, the village of Ellicottville was the county seat, but the presence of a railroad line in Little Valley prompted a move. The village of Little Valley was incorporated in 1876. The railroad line shut down around 1990.

The Little Valley post office is the only village structure listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[2] Ironically, the building is one of the newer buildings in the town, constructed in 1941. Several other buildings (such as the Civil War Memorial Building in 1911 and the former Little Valley Central School building in 1921, as well as many of the houses) are significantly older than the post office.

Ira Joe Fisher, a daytime television personality and weather reporter, spent most of his childhood in Little Valley.

Politics and government[edit]

The village is operated by a village board that consists of a mayor, a deputy mayor, and three trustees. All serve four-year terms, and most of the board is up for re-election on the same year, meaning that two to three years can pass without any village board seats up for election.

The mayor of Little Valley is Norman Marsh, a Republican. Marsh was re-elected through 2015 in an unopposed election on March 15, 2011. The village board consists of a deputy mayor and three other trustees.

Geography[edit]

The village of Little Valley is located in the northwest part of the town of Little Valley at 42°14′58″N 78°47′59″W / 42.24944°N 78.79972°W / 42.24944; -78.79972 (42.249555, -78.799775).[3]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 1.0 square mile (2.6 km2). None of the area is covered with water.

Little Valley Creek, a tributary of the Allegheny River, flows past the northeast side of the village. A smaller creek, Lees Hollow, flanks Little Valley Creek on the southern side of the village.

State routes NY-242 and NY-353 converge at the village. County Routes 5 and 14 enter the village from the north.

Bus service is provided to the village by Coach USA (on its Jamestown to New York City line) and the Seneca Transit System (on its Buffalo to Highbanks line).

The Pat McGee Trail runs through Little Valley and has a major stop at a former rail depot (now a pavilion) in the village.

Demographics[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 1,130 people, 427 households, and 266 families residing in the village. The population density was 1,127.3 people per square mile (436.3/km²). There were 513 housing units at an average density of 511.8 per square mile (198.1/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 95.58% White, 1.86% Black or African American, 0.80% Native American, 0.09% from other races, and 1.68% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.77% of the population.

There were 427 households out of which 32.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.8% were married couples living together, 13.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.7% were non-families. 32.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.99.

In the village the population was spread out with 25.0% under the age of 18, 9.6% from 18 to 24, 31.7% from 25 to 44, 18.5% from 45 to 64, and 15.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 110.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 107.1 males.

The median income for a household in the village was $28,750, and the median income for a family was $31,875. Males had a median income of $27,500 versus $20,962 for females. The per capita income for the village was $14,458. About 11.2% of families and 15.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.7% of those under age 18 and 7.4% of those age 65 or over.

Local commerce[edit]

Little Valley's main attraction is Little Valley Speedway, a half-mile dirt track used for stock car racing and demolition derbies during the summer. It is one of the most popular race tracks in the area and doubles as the Cattaraugus County Fairgrounds, the site of the annual county fair.

In 2001 the Little Valley Area Chamber of Commerce was founded. They host events such "Cheers to Little Valley" and sponsor "Christmas on Main Street".

Two radio stations, classic hits WGWE (105.9) and weather radio WWG32 (162.425), are licensed to the village. WWG32 is based in Cheektowaga, while WGWE has its headquarters in Salamanca. WGWE's tower is located about a mile south of the village atop Fourth Street.

Three weekly newspapers have operated out of Little Valley; the first was the Cattaraugus Republican (founded 1867, originally based in Ellicottville, but later acquired by the Salamanca Press), the second was the Little Valley Hub (operated from 1881 to 1964), and the most recent was the County Chronicle, which printed from 1992 to 2007, with some of the earlier years being based in Salamanca.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Little Valley village, New York". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved October 29, 2014. 
  2. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13. 
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  4. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links[edit]