Little Eva

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Little Eva
Birth nameEva Narcissus Boyd
Born(1943-06-29)June 29, 1943
Belhaven, North Carolina, United States
DiedApril 10, 2003(2003-04-10) (aged 59)
Kinston, North Carolina, United States
GenresPop, R&B
OccupationsSinger
Years active1962–2001 (singer)
LabelsDimension, Collectables, Amy, Verve, Spring, Malibu
Associated actsCarole King, Gerry Goffin, Don Kirshner
 
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This article is about the singer. For other uses, see Little Eva (disambiguation).
Little Eva
Birth nameEva Narcissus Boyd
Born(1943-06-29)June 29, 1943
Belhaven, North Carolina, United States
DiedApril 10, 2003(2003-04-10) (aged 59)
Kinston, North Carolina, United States
GenresPop, R&B
OccupationsSinger
Years active1962–2001 (singer)
LabelsDimension, Collectables, Amy, Verve, Spring, Malibu
Associated actsCarole King, Gerry Goffin, Don Kirshner

Eva Narcissus Boyd (June 29, 1943 – April 10, 2003), known by the stage name of Little Eva, was an American pop singer. Although some sources claim that her stage name was inspired by a character from the novel Uncle Tom's Cabin, she stated in an interview that she was named after her aunt, which prompted her family to call her "Little Eva."

Biography[edit]

Born in Belhaven, North Carolina, she moved to the Brighton Beach section of Brooklyn, New York at a young age. As a teenager, she worked as a maid and earned extra money as a babysitter for songwriters Carole King and Gerry Goffin.[1] It is often claimed that Goffin and King were amused by Boyd's individual dancing style, so they wrote "The Loco-Motion" for her and had her record it as a demo (the record was intended for Dee Dee Sharp).

However, as King said in an interview with NPR and in her "One to One" concert video, they knew she could sing when they met her, and it would be just a matter of time before they would have her record songs they wrote, the most successful being "The Loco-Motion".

Music producer Don Kirshner of Dimension Records was impressed by the song and Boyd's voice and had it released.[1] The song reached #1 in the United States in 1962. It sold over one million copies, and was awarded a gold disc.[1] After the success of "The Loco-Motion", Boyd was stereotyped as a dance-craze singer and was given limited material.

The same year, Goffin and King wrote "He Hit Me (It Felt Like A Kiss)" (performed by The Crystals) after discovering that Boyd was being regularly beaten by her boyfriend.[2] When they inquired why she tolerated such treatment, Eva replied, with apparent sincerity, that her boyfriend's actions were motivated by his love for her.[2]

Phil Spector's arrangement of the song was ominous and ambiguous.[2]

It was a brutal song, as any attempt to justify such violence must be, and Spector’s arrangement only amplified its savagery, framing Barbara Alston’s lone vocal amid a sea of caustic strings and funereal drums, while the backing vocals almost trilled their own belief that the boy had done nothing wrong. In more ironic hands (and a more understanding age), 'He Hit Me' might have passed at least as satire. But Spector showed no sign of appreciating that, nor did he feel any need to. No less than the song’s writers, he was not preaching, he was merely documenting."
 
— Dave Thompson[2]

Boyd's other single recordings were "Keep Your Hands Off My Baby", "Some Kind of Wonderful", "Let's Turkey Trot" and a remake of the Bing Crosby standard "Swinging on a Star," recorded with Big Dee Irwin (though Boyd was not credited on the label).[3] Boyd also recorded the song "Makin' With the Magilla" for an episode of the 1964 Hanna-Barbera cartoon series The Magilla Gorilla Show.

She continued to tour and record throughout the sixties, but her commercial potential plummeted after 1964. She retired from the music industry in 1971. She never owned the rights to her recordings. Although the prevailing rumor in the 1970s was that she had received only $50 for "The Loco-Motion," it seems $50 was actually her weekly salary at the time she made her records (an increase of $15 from what Goffin and King had been paying her as nanny). Penniless, she returned with her three young children to North Carolina, where they lived in obscurity.[4]

Interviewed in 1988 after the success of the Kylie Minogue cover version of "The Loco-Motion", Boyd stated that she did not like the new version; however its then-current popularity allowed her to make a comeback in show business.[5]

She returned to live performing with other artists of her era on the cabaret and oldies circuits. She also occasionally recorded new songs.

The only existing footage of Little Eva performing "Loco-Motion" is a small clip from the ABC sixties live show Shindig! where she sang a short version of the clip along with the famous dance steps. She also sang "Let's Turkey Trot" and The Exciters song "I Want You to Be My Boy" in the same episode. This TV show was one of her final performances until 1988, when she began performing in concerts with Bobby Vee and other singers. In a 1991 Richard Nader concert, she performed "Loco-Motion" and "Keep Your Hands Off My Baby". The concert was partially documented on videotape, albeit of marginal quality.

Eva's eldest daughter, Dorothea, died April 6th, 2013, from heart failure.

Death[edit]

She continued performing until she was diagnosed with cervical cancer in October 2001. She died 18 months later in Kinston, North Carolina, aged 59, and is buried in a small cemetery in Belhaven, North Carolina. Her gravesite was sparsely marked until July 2008, when a report by WRAL-TV of Raleigh, North Carolina highlighted deteriorating conditions at the cemetery and efforts by the city of Belhaven to have it restored.[6] A simple white cross had marked the site until a new gravestone was unveiled in November of that year. Her new grey gravestone has the image of a steam locomotive prominently engraved on the front and the epitaph reads: "Singing with the Angels".[7]

Singles[edit]

YearTitleChart positions
USUS R&BUK
1962"The Loco-Motion"112
"Keep Your Hands Off My Baby"12630
1963"Swingin' on a Star"38
"Let's Turkey Trot"201613
"Old Smokey Loco-Motion"48
"What I Gotta Do (To Make You Jealous)"101
"Let's Start the Party Again"123
1970"Mama Said"A
1972"Loco-Motion"11
1973"Loco-Motion"
1986"Loco-Motion"87

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Murrells, Joseph (1978). The Book of Golden Discs (2nd ed.). London: Barrie and Jenkins Ltd. p. 148. ISBN 0-214-20512-6. 
  2. ^ a b c d "allmusic". Retrieved 2009-07-07. 
  3. ^ Roberts, David (2006). British Hit Singles & Albums (19th ed.). London: Guinness World Records Limited. p. 324. ISBN 1-904994-10-5. 
  4. ^ Little Eva
  5. ^ 12:01AM BST 14 Apr 2003 (2003-04-14). "Little Eva". Telegraph. Retrieved 2012-04-14. 
  6. ^ Wral.com/news/local
  7. ^ Wral.com

External links[edit]

Media related to Little Eva at Wikimedia Commons