A list of all 44 presidents based on residence and birth, with priority given to residence. Only 18 out of the 50 states are represented. Presidents with an asterisk (*) did not primarily reside in their respective birth states (they were not born in the state listed below).
^While Grant's birth state was Ohio, his home prior to his election was in Galena, IL. The Library of Congress contains the official Senate record for the election, which states that Grant was elected from the state of Illinois, not Ohio. See A Century of Lawmaking. The official House record for the election, also preserved on the Library of Congress website, says the same thing.
^Shortly after the election of James Garfield, the Democratic National Committee hired a New York attorney Arthur P. Hinman to dig up dirt on the vice president elect Chester Arthur. The Democrats did not believe that Chester was born in Fairfield, Vermont, nor did they believe he was even born in the United States of America. Hinman concluded that Arthur was born in Dunham, Quebec in Canada, not Fairfield, and was therefore not an American citizen. He accused Arthur of traveling to Canada following his election as vice president in 1880 to see if there were any records or evidence of his birth. Finding none, he chose Fairfield, Vermont as his birthplace. He claimed that Arthur knew nobody would be able to prove otherwise and he was supported by the fact that his father was a preacher there around the time of his birth. Hinman even went so far as to claim that the Arthurs did have a baby son while in Fairfield who had died as an infant and Chester Arthur had deviously appropriated his deceased younger brother’s birth records. In 1884, Hinman published his explosive allegations in his book How a British Subject became President of the United States. Where the Presidents Were Born: The History & Preservation of the Presidential Birthplaces by Louis L. Picone
^There are some claims that Arthur was in fact born in Canada, not far from his official Vermont birthplace. His father was an Irish-born Canadian who was not naturalized as a U.S. citizen until some years after Arthur's birth. See here for details.
^The modern county in which Lincoln's birthplace lies, LaRue County, was not created until 1843.
^The Official Library of Congress Naturalization Record for William Arthur (father of Chester Arthur) states that William Arthur (who was born in Ireland and later emigrated to Canada) was not naturalized until 14 years after the birth of Chester Arthur. His father's British subjecthood, governed by English common law, was conferred via jus sanguinis; cf. William Blackstone, Commentaries on the Laws of England I.10 ("Of People, Whether Aliens, Denizens or Natives"), Oxford 1765-1769: […] all children, born out of the king’s ligeance, whose fathers were natural-born subjects, are now natural-born subjects themselves, to all intents and purposes, without any exception; […].