List of universities in Canada

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Canadian Provinces and Territories
Universities in Canada's provinces and territories

The Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada (AUCC), an organisation composed of Canadian universities, defines two distinct types of post-secondary institutions in Canada: universities and colleges. Universities grant university degrees, which include bachelor's degrees, master's degrees, and doctoral degrees; and colleges, also known as community colleges, provide diplomas.[1]

Canada's post-secondary opportunities revolve around a wide range of university options. Throughout Canada's 13 provinces and territories, there are 98 universities to choose from. With a population of over 34 million as of 2012,[2] 1.8 million are enrolled in a specific University.[3] This averages out to 25 thousand students per university. Programs are offered to graduating high school students through choice, however, students must maintain specific entering averages, which generally range from 65-85%, depending on criteria set by the chosen university. On campus residences are available at 95% of universities in Canada.[4] Most include a meal plan and general utilities. Residence is optional at all post-secondary campuses.[citation needed]

Degree programs last 4 years in addition to possible co-op opportunities and college affiliation for a hands-on approach to programs. Tuition is based on program material and content which varies in price. A first year student will experience a broad range of courses while "program specific courses" begin in year two, based on internal university acceptance. In other words, a set GPA (Grade Point Average) must be achieved in order to advance.[citation needed]

The Canadian post-secondary education system creates a wide range of opportunity for the future generation of students in addition to graduates who want to continue gaining knowledge. Canada is a multicultural society, creating boundless routes for success for each individual. Graduates go on to experience major employment opportunities bringing valuable up-to-date knowledge to companies around the world. Canadian universities offer a higher level of education to meet the needs of individuals who desire a higher level of learning.[citation needed]

Table symbols:

L – Language (not including language study programs) (E – English, F – French, B – English and French, S - Spanish)
E – Established
U – Undergraduate enrolment
P – Postgraduate enrolment
T – Total enrolment

Alberta[edit]

The University of Alberta has the largest number of graduate students enrolled in Alberta.

Post-secondary education in Alberta is regulated by the Ministry of Enterprise and Advanced Education.[5] There are six universities in Alberta, eleven public colleges, two polytechnical institutes (which grant degrees), and seven private colleges (all of which grant degrees). Most private colleges refer to themselves as "university colleges", but are not legally universities, although they grant equivalent degrees.[5]

Edmonton, the province's capital city, is home to the University of Alberta, the province's oldest and largest university, and Grant MacEwan University. There are also two universities in Calgary: University of Calgary and Mount Royal University (although the University of Lethbridge has a campus downtown as well).

In 2009, a bill was passed by the Alberta legislature that allowed the two public colleges that offered degrees (MacEwan College in Edmonton and Mount Royal College in Calgary) to rename themselves universities.[6] Mount Royal College was renamed Mount Royal University on September 3, 2009 [7] and Grant MacEwan College became Grant MacEwan University on September 24, 2009.[8]

InstitutionLocation(s)LanguageYear EstablishedUndergrad Student Enrolment (Population)Post grad Student Enrolment (Population)Total Student Enrolment (Population)Notes
Athabasca UniversityAthabasca, Calgary, EdmontonE197036,2403,46039,700[9]
Grant MacEwan UniversityEdmontonE197111,721011,721[10]
Mount Royal UniversityCalgaryE191010,670010,670[11]
University of AlbertaEdmonton, Camrose, CalgaryB190629,2506,93036,180[12]
University of CalgaryCalgary, EdmontonE196623,3206,54029,860[13]
University of LethbridgeLethbridge, Edmonton, CalgaryE19677,9303008,230[14]

British Columbia[edit]

Map of British Columbia, Canada, showing the locations of university main campuses
The University of British Columbia has the largest number of students enrolled in western Canada

There are eleven public universities and four private universities in British Columbia. Seven of these universities – Capilano University, Emily Carr University of Art and Design, Fairleigh Dickinson University, Kwantlen Polytechnic University, Trinity Western University, Simon Fraser University, and the University of British Columbia – are in the Metro Vancouver region, the most populated region of British Columbia, and four of them – Vancouver Island University, Royal Roads University, the University of Victoria, and the University Canada West – are on Vancouver Island. Two public universities, Capilano University and Kwantlen Polytechnic University, and one private university, Quest University, are primarily undergraduate institutions.

The oldest university in the province is the University of British Columbia, established in 1908.[15] Five institutions in British Columbia were officially designated as universities on September 1, 2008:[16] Capilano University, Emily Carr University of Art and Design, Kwantlen Polytechnic University, the University of the Fraser Valley, and Vancouver Island University. University enrolment in British Columbia ranges from Quest University with 350 students to the University of British Columbia with 45,484 students.

The biggest provider of online and distance education in BC is Thompson Rivers University, Open Learning (TRU-OL). With over 400 individual courses and more than 57 programs available for completion by distance and online learning, students can take a variety of programs such as: adult secondary school completion; certificates and diplomas, including advanced and post-baccalaureate; associate degrees; and bachelor's degrees. Considering distance students, Thompson Rivers University's enrolment is 22,036 (8964 of which is distance).

InstitutionLocation(s)LEUPTNotes
Capilano UniversityNorth VancouverE19687,50007,500[17]
Emily Carr University of Art and DesignVancouverE19251,870281,898[18]
Fairleigh Dickinson UniversityVancouverE200778[not in citation given]078[not in citation given][19]
Kwantlen Polytechnic UniversityRichmond, Surrey, Langley, and CloverdaleE198116,811016,811[20]
Quest UniversitySquamishE20023000300[21]
Royal Roads UniversityVictoriaE1995 (June 21)8873,3854,272[22]
Simon Fraser UniversityBurnaby, Surrey, & VancouverE196529,6975,50735,204[23]
Thompson Rivers UniversityKamloopsE197013,07210013,172[24]
Trinity Western UniversityLangleyE19622,1307302,860[25]
University of British ColumbiaVancouver & KelownaE1908 (March 7)41,7008,63050,330[26]
University of VictoriaVictoriaE196318,8633,54222,405[27]
University Canada WestVictoriaE2005350[dated info]0350[dated info][28]
University of the Fraser ValleyAbbotsford, Chilliwack and MissionE19748,124408,164[29]
University of Northern British ColumbiaPrince GeorgeE1990 (June 21)3,0684903,558[30]
Vancouver Island UniversityNanaimo, Duncan, Parksville, & Powell RiverE19696,1161636,279[31]

Manitoba[edit]

Established in 1818, the Université de Saint-Boniface is the oldest university in the province, and the only French language university in western Canada.

There are seven universities in Manitoba, which are under the responsibility of the Ministry of Advanced Education and Literacy.[32] Five of these universities—Booth University College, Canadian Mennonite University, the University of Manitoba, the University of Winnipeg, and the Université de Saint-Boniface—are in Winnipeg, the capital and largest city in the province. The Université de Saint-Boniface, established in 1818, is the oldest university in the province and is the only French language university in western Canada. Booth University College, formed in 1982, is the newest. University enrolment in Manitoba ranges from Booth University College with 250 students to the University of Manitoba with 26,800 students.

InstitutionLocationLEUPTNotes
Booth University CollegeWinnipegE19822500250[33]
Brandon UniversityBrandonE18993,1401203,260[34]
Canadian Mennonite UniversityWinnipegE19446000600[35]
University College of the NorthThe Pas & ThompsonE19662,40002,400[35]
University of ManitobaWinnipegB187723,6403,16026,800[36]
University of WinnipegWinnipegE18719,3944539,847[37]
Université de Saint-BonifaceWinnipegF181893054984[38]

New Brunswick[edit]

The University of New Brunswick has the largest student enrolment in the province.

There are eight chartered universities in New Brunswick; four public universities,[39] governed by the Ministry of Post-Secondary Education, Training and Labour,[40] and four private institutions including an online university. New Brunswick holds the distinctions of having the first English-language university in Canada and the first public university in North America, (the University of New Brunswick);[41] and also the first university in the British Empire to have award a bachelor's degree to a woman, (Mount Allison University) in 1875.[42] St. Thomas University and University of New Brunswick have campuses in the province's capital of Fredericton and UNB also maintains a campus in Saint John. St. Thomas University is the only public university in the province that does not offer graduate-level programs. Established in 1785, the University of New Brunswick is the oldest public in the province, and the Université de Moncton is the newest, formed in 1963. Public university enrolment ranges from Mount Allison University with 2,486 students to the University of New Brunswick with 10,587 students. Of the three private universities, Crandall University is the largest with enrolment expected to reach 1,200.

InstitutionLocation(s)LEUPTNotes
Kingswood UniversitySussexE19453000300[43][dated info]
Crandall UniversityMonctonE19496850685[44][dated info]
Mount Allison UniversitySackvilleE18392,678162,694[45]
St. Stephen's UniversitySt. StephenE19751000100[46][dated info]
St. Thomas UniversityFrederictonE19102,49402,494[45]
University of FrederictonFrederictonE2005[45][dated info]
University of New BrunswickFredericton & Saint JohnE17859,0611,57710,638[45]
Université de MonctonMoncton, Shippagan, EdmundstonF19635,2816835,964[45]

Newfoundland and Labrador[edit]

Memorial University of Newfoundland is the largest university in Atlantic Canada.

The Degree Granting Act of Newfoundland and Labrador regulates degree-granting universities in the province.[47] The only university in Newfoundland and Labrador,[39] Memorial University of Newfoundland, has campuses in two cities, in St. John's, the capital of Newfoundland and Labrador, and on the west coast of the province, in Corner Brook. With 18,172 enrolled students, it is the largest university in Atlantic Canada.[48]


InstitutionLocation(s)LEUPTNotes
Memorial University of NewfoundlandSt. John's, Corner Brook & Harlow, UKE192515,4183,49518,913[45]

Nova Scotia[edit]

Map of Nova Scotia, Canada, showing the locations of university main campuses
The University of King's College is the oldest university in Nova Scotia.

There are 10 universities in Nova Scotia.[49] Six of these – the Atlantic School of Theology, Dalhousie University, Mount Saint Vincent University, the NSCAD University, Saint Mary's University, and the University of King's College – are located in the Halifax Regional Municipality, which is the capital of Nova Scotia and the largest urban area in Atlantic Canada. The oldest university in the province is the University of King's College, established in 1789, and the newest is Cape Breton University, established in 1974. University student enrolment in Nova Scotia ranges from 125 students at the Atlantic School of Theology to more than 18,000 at Dalhousie University.

Several universities in Nova Scotia have strong religious connections. The University of King's College, originally founded in Windsor, was the first college to obtain university powers in British North America, at a time when Upper Canada had no government of its own. It has always remained under the control of the Church of England. Dalhousie University, originally known as Dalhousie College, was established in Halifax in 1820 with the help of the Presbyterian Church, and Acadia University was founded by Baptists. Catholics formed Saint Mary's University, Mount Saint Vincent University, and Saint Francis Xavier University.[50]

InstitutionLocation(s)LEUPTNotes
Acadia UniversityWolfvilleE18383,6076474,254[45]
Atlantic School of TheologyHalifaxE19710124124[45]
Cape Breton UniversitySydneyE19743,1402043,334[45]
Dalhousie UniversityHalifax & TruroE181814,4233,93118,354[45]
University of King's CollegeHalifaxE17891,180101,190[45]
Mount Saint Vincent UniversityHalifaxE18732,9231,0363,959[45]
NSCAD UniversityHalifaxE188794229971[45]
Saint Francis Xavier UniversityAntigonishE18534,8153435,158[45]
Saint Mary's UniversityHalifaxE18026,9046827,586[45]
Université Sainte-AnneChurch PointF189043520455[45]

Ontario[edit]

Map of Ontario, Canada, showing the locations of university main campuses
The University of Toronto has the greatest student population in any university in Canada.

There are 23 publicly funded universities in the Canadian province of Ontario that are post-secondary education institutions with degree-granting authority.[51] There are also 17 privately funded, religious universities.[52] Each of these institutions were either established through an Act of the Legislative Assembly or through a Royal Charter.[53] Students apply to public universities in Ontario through the Ontario Universities' Application Centre.

The oldest university, the University of Toronto, was established in 1827, and the newest university, Algoma University, was established in 2008. The largest university in terms of enrolment is the University of Toronto, which has campuses in three locations: St. George Campus (the university's main campus), Scarborough Campus, and Mississauga Campus.[54]

InstitutionLocation(s)LEUPTNotes
Algoma UniversitySault Ste. MarieE20081,15001,150[55]
Brock UniversitySt. CatharinesE196415,7471,25917,006[56]
Carleton UniversityOttawaE194220,9503,30024,250[57]
Dominican University CollegeOttawaB190019054244[58]
Lakehead UniversityThunder Bay & OrilliaE19657,3007508,050[59]
Laurentian UniversitySudbury & four locations[note 1]B19608,2006008,800[60]
McMaster UniversityHamiltonE188722,9403,13026,070[61]
Nipissing UniversityNorth Bay & two locations[note 2]E19096,3004006,700[62]
OCAD UniversityTorontoE18763,45003,450[63]
Queen's UniversityKingston & Herstmonceux, UKE184116,7003,85020,550[64]
Saint Paul UniversityOttawaB1965430350780[65]
Tyndale University CollegeTorontoE19828500850[66]
Redeemer University CollegeAncasterE19829550955
Royal Military College of CanadaKingstonB18761,0406601,700[67]
Ryerson UniversityTorontoE194833,6002,30035,900[68]
Trent UniversityPeterborough & OshawaE19637,7003608,060[69]
University of GuelphGuelph & four locations[note 3]E196419,8002,28022,080[70]
University of Ontario Institute of TechnologyOshawaE20028,8465189,203[71]
University of OttawaOttawaB184833,0005,70038,700[72]
University of TorontoToronto & two locations[note 4]E182760,66014,10074,760[73]
University of WaterlooWaterloo & three locations[note 5]E195730,0005,10035,100[74]
University of Western OntarioLondonE187829,5004,60034,100[75]
University of WindsorWindsorE185714,7001,48016,180[76]
Wilfrid Laurier UniversityWaterloo & three locations[note 6]E191113,7501,00014,750[77]
York UniversityTorontoB195946,6405,65052,290[78]

Prince Edward Island[edit]

There is one university in Prince Edward Island that is authorized to grant degrees.[39] Higher education in the province falls under the jurisdiction of the Higher Education and Corporate Services Branch within the Department of Education and Early Childhood Development.[79] The only university in the province, the University of Prince Edward Island, is in the province's capital of Charlottetown. The institution resulted from an amalgamation of Prince of Wales College, a former university college founded in 1834, and Saint Dunstan's University, founded in 1855.[80]

InstitutionLocationLEUPTNotes
University of Prince Edward IslandCharlottetownE19694,2513044,555[45]

Quebec[edit]

Map of Quebec, Canada, showing the locations of university main campuses
Established in 1663, Université Laval is the oldest post-secondary institution in Canada.

There are 17 universities in the largely French-speaking Canadian province of Quebec, all of them accredited by the Conférence des recteurs et des principaux des universités du Québec.[81] Of the seventeen universities, only three are anglophoneConcordia University, McGill University and Bishop's University -, the rest (14) are francophone- École de technologie supérieure, École Polytechnique de Montréal, HEC Montréal, Université de Montréal, and Université du Québec à Montréal – are located in Montreal, in Montreal, the most populated city in Quebec, and three of them – École nationale d'administration publique, Institut national de la recherche scientifique, and Université Laval – are based in Quebec City, the province's capital. The Institut national de la recherche scientifique and École nationale d'administration publique do not offer undergraduate level programs.

The oldest university in the province is Université Laval, established in 1663. Two institutions, both established in 1974, are the most recently designated universities in Quebec: École de technologie supérieure, which is part of the Université du Québec network, and Concordia University. University enrolment in the province of Quebec ranges from the Institut national de la recherche scientifique with 480 students to the Université de Montréal with 55,540 students.

InstitutionLocationLEUPTNotes
Bishop's UniversitySherbrookeE18432,240202,260[82]
Concordia UniversityMontrealE197432,3476,46243,944[83]
École de technologie supérieureMontrealF19744,0506304,680[84]
École nationale d'administration publiqueQuebec City, Montreal, Gatineau, Saguenay & Trois-Rivières.F196901,8801,880[85]
École Polytechnique de MontréalMontrealF18734,0601,4905,550[86]
HEC MontréalMontrealF, E, S19079,3902,59011,980[87]
Institut national de la recherche scientifiqueQuebec City and Montreal (métro Sherbrooke)F19690480480[88]
McGill UniversityMontreal & Ste-Anne-de-BellevueE182123,7588,75632,514[89]
Université de MontréalMontrealF187841,05514,48555,540[90]
Université de SherbrookeSherbrookeF195413,4906,01019,500[91]
Université du Québec en Abitibi-TémiscamingueRouyn-NorandaF19702,2603902,650[92]
Université du Québec en OutaouaisGatineauF19704,3601,0905,450[93]
Université du Québec à ChicoutimiChicoutimiF19695,1401,0306,170[94]
Université du Québec à MontréalMontrealF196933,1006,57041,670[95]
Université du Québec à RimouskiRimouski and LévisF19694,6208105,430[96]
Université du Québec à Trois-RivièresTrois-RivièresF19699,1601,45010,610[97]
Université LavalQuebec CityF166327,53010,27037,800[98]

Saskatchewan[edit]

The University of Saskatchewan holds the highest enrolment numbers out of any university in the province.

There are three universities in Saskatchewan.[39] The Government of Saskatchewan must establish statutes individually to degree-granting universities; these statutes outline the authority of each institution, their regulations, and bylaws.[99] The First Nations University of Canada and the University of Regina are both in Regina, the province's capital, and the University of Saskatchewan is in Saskatoon, the most populous city in Saskatchewan. The University of Saskatchewan is the oldest university in the province, founded in 1907, and the First Nations University of Canada is the newest, established in 1976. The University of Saskatchewan is also the largest university in Saskatchewan with 18,620 students, and the First Nations University of Canada (FNUC) is the smallest with 840 students. The First Nations University is the only Canadian university that caters to the needs of First Nations students. It was originally called the Federation of Saskatchewan Indian Nations, and once formed, it entered into a federated agreement with the University of Regina to create the Saskatchewan Indian Federated College (SIFC). This Agreement allowed FNUC to become an independently administered university-college that served First Nations students.[100] The First Nations University of Canada is the only university in the province that does not offer graduate-level programs.

InstitutionLocation(s)LEUPTNotes
First Nations University of CanadaRegina, Saskatoon & Prince AlbertE19768400840[101]
University of ReginaRegina, Saskatoon & Swift CurrentE191110,6901,48012,170[102]
University of SaskatchewanSaskatoonE190716,4302,19018,620[103]

See also[edit]

Lists

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Barrie, Hearst, Kapuskasing & Timmins
  2. ^ Bracebridge & Brantford
  3. ^ Toronto, Alfred, Ridgetown & Kemptville
  4. ^ Scarborough, & Mississauga
  5. ^ Cambridge, Kitchener, & Stratford
  6. ^ Brantford, Toronto, Ontario|Toronto] & Kitchener

Footnotes[edit]

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  2. ^ "Population". 
  3. ^ "University". 
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  6. ^ Intercamp, "MacEwan and MRC could add University to name".
  7. ^ Braid, Don (2009-09-03). "Tories reward Mount Royal". Calgary Herald. Retrieved 2009-09-03. 
  8. ^ "Grant MacEwan University celebrates new name". 2009-09-24. Retrieved 2009-09-25. 
  9. ^ "Athabasca University". Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada. Retrieved 2010-06-28. 
  10. ^ "Grant MacEwan University". Retrieved 2011-11-13. 
  11. ^ "Mount Royal University". Retrieved 2011-11-13. 
  12. ^ "University of Alberta". Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada. Retrieved 2010-06-28. 
  13. ^ "University of Calgary". Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada. Retrieved 2010-06-28. 
  14. ^ "The University of Lethbridge". Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada. Retrieved 2008-10-08. 
  15. ^ "About UBC". ubc.ca. Retrieved 2011-08-01. 
  16. ^ "An Overview of B.C.'s Public Post-secondary Institutions". Aved.gov.bc.ca. 2008-09-01. Retrieved 2009-09-05. 
  17. ^ "Fall 2007: Student Enrolment and Demographic Statistics" (PDF). Capilano University. Retrieved 2009-03-21. 
  18. ^ "Emily Carr University of Art + Design". Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada. Retrieved 2009-03-21. 
  19. ^ "Fairleigh Dickinson University, Vancouver". Fairleigh Dickinson University. Retrieved 2008-10-23. 
  20. ^ "Kwantlen Polytechnic University". Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada. Retrieved 2009-03-21. 
  21. ^ "Quest University". Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada. Retrieved 2011-11-18. 
  22. ^ "Royal Roads University". Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada. Retrieved 2009-03-21. 
  23. ^ "Simon Fraser University". Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada. Retrieved 2009-03-21. 
  24. ^ http://www.tru.ca/about_tru/facts_figures.html
  25. ^ "Trinity Western University". Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada. Retrieved 2009-03-21. 
  26. ^ "The University of British Columbia". Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada. Retrieved 2009-03-21. 
  27. ^ "University of Victoria". Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada. Retrieved 2009-03-21. 
  28. ^ "Growth on track as Victoria’s University Canada West honours graduates at second Convocation". University Canada West. Retrieved 2008-09-20. 
  29. ^ "University of the Fraser Valley". Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada. Retrieved 2009-03-21. 
  30. ^ "University of Northern British Columbia". Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada. Retrieved 2009-03-21. 
  31. ^ "Vancouver Island University". Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada. Retrieved 2009-03-21. 
  32. ^ "Quality Assurance Practices for Postsecondary Institutions in Manitoba". Canadian Information Centre for International Credentials. 2008-03-06. Retrieved 2008-10-11. 
  33. ^ "Booth University College". Retrieved 1 July 2012. 
  34. ^ "Brandon University". Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada. Retrieved 2008-10-08. 
  35. ^ a b "Manitoba Advanced Education and Literacy". Government of Manitoba. Retrieved 2008-10-22. 
  36. ^ "The University of Manitoba". Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada. Retrieved 2008-10-08. 
  37. ^ "The University of Winnipeg". Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada. Retrieved 2008-10-08. 
  38. ^ "Collège universitaire de Saint-Boniface". Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada. Retrieved 2008-10-08. 
  39. ^ a b c d "Canadian Universities". Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada. Retrieved 2008-10-08. 
  40. ^ "Premier announces NB Commission on Post-Secondary Education (07/01/19)". Government of New Brunswick. 2007-01-19. Retrieved 2008-10-11. 
  41. ^ "UNB: Quick Facts". University of New Brunswick. Retrieved 2008-10-11. 
  42. ^ "Mount Allison and our Campus...". Mount Allison University. Retrieved 2008-10-24. 
  43. ^ "Bethany Bible College, Sussex, New Brunswick". Campus Starter. 2010. Retrieved 2010-01-30. [dead link]
  44. ^ "Atlantic Baptist University, Moncton, New Brunswick". Campus Starter. 2010. Retrieved 2010-01-30. [dead link]
  45. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q "Full-time plus Part-time Enrolment". Association of Atlantic Universities. 2012-10-15. Retrieved 2012-10-15. 
  46. ^ "St. Stephen's University, St. Stephen, New Brunswick". Campus Starter. 2010. Retrieved 2010-01-30. [dead link]
  47. ^ "Degree Granting Act, R.S.N.L. 1990, c. D-5". Canadian Legal Information Institute. Retrieved 2008-10-11. 
  48. ^ "About the School of Music". Memorial University. Retrieved 2008-10-12. 
  49. ^ "Universities in Nova Scotia". Government of Nova Scotia. Retrieved 2008-10-21. 
  50. ^ Bourinot, John George (2004). "Chapter II: Education". The Intellectual Development of the Canadian People. Kessinger Publishing. ISBN 1-4191-6747-2. 
  51. ^ "Post-Secondary - Schools Programs - University". Ontario Ministry of Training, Colleges, and Universities. Retrieved 2011-01-10. 
  52. ^ "Post-Secondary - Schools Programs - Private Universities". Ontario Ministry of Training, Colleges, and Universities. Retrieved 2011-01-10. 
  53. ^ Cooper, William Mansfield (July 1967). "Governments and the University". Peabody Journal of Education 45 (1): 57–60. 
  54. ^ Girard, Daniel (2007-09-20). "University of Toronto (Mississauga): Best of both worlds". Toronto Star. Retrieved 2008-04-21. 
  55. ^ "Algoma University". Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada (AUCC). Retrieved 2008-09-27. 
  56. ^ "Brock University". Brock University. Retrieved 2008-09-27. 
  57. ^ "Carleton University". AUCC. Retrieved 2008-09-27. 
  58. ^ "Dominican College of Philosophy and Theology (Dominican University College)". AUCC. Retrieved 2008-09-27. 
  59. ^ "Lakehead University". AUCC. Retrieved 2008-09-27. 
  60. ^ "Laurentian University of Sudbury". AUCC. Retrieved 2008-09-27. 
  61. ^ "McMaster University". AUCC. Retrieved 2008-09-27. 
  62. ^ "Nipissing University". AUCC. Retrieved 2008-09-27. 
  63. ^ "Ontario College of Art & Design". AUCC. Retrieved 2008-09-27. 
  64. ^ "Queen’s University at Kingston". AUCC. Retrieved 2008-09-27. 
  65. ^ "Saint Paul University". SPU. Retrieved 2011-03-12. 
  66. ^ "Tyndale University College". Retrieved 2011-08-22. 
  67. ^ "Royal Military College of Canada". AUCC. Retrieved 2008-09-27. 
  68. ^ "Ryerson University". AUCC. Retrieved 2008-09-27. 
  69. ^ "Trent University". AUCC. Retrieved 2008-09-27. 
  70. ^ "University of Guelph". AUCC. Retrieved 2008-09-27. 
  71. ^ "University of Ontario Institute of Technology". AUCC. Retrieved 2008-09-27. 
  72. ^ "University of Ottawa". AUCC. Retrieved 2010-06-01. 
  73. ^ "University of Toronto". AUCC. Retrieved 2008-09-27. 
  74. ^ "University of Waterloo". AUCC. Retrieved 2008-09-27. 
  75. ^ "The University of Western Ontario". AUCC. Retrieved 2008-09-27. 
  76. ^ "University of Windsor". AUCC. Retrieved 2008-09-27. 
  77. ^ "Wilfrid Laurier University". AUCC. Retrieved 2008-09-27. 
  78. ^ "York University". AUCC. Retrieved 2008-09-27. 
  79. ^ "Higher Education and Corporate Services". Government of Prince Edward Island. Retrieved 2008-10-11. 
  80. ^ "University of Prince Edward Island". The Canadian Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2008-10-12. 
  81. ^ "Qui sommes-nous ?" (in French). Conférence des recteurs et des principaux des universités de Québec. Retrieved 2008-09-27. 
  82. ^ "Bishop’s University". Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada. Retrieved 2008-09-26. 
  83. ^ "Concordia University". Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada. Retrieved 2008-09-26. 
  84. ^ "Université du Québec - École de technologie supérieure". Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada. Retrieved 2008-09-26. 
  85. ^ "Université du Québec - École nationale d'administration publique". Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada. Retrieved 2008-09-26. 
  86. ^ "École Polytechnique de Montréal". Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada. Retrieved 2008-09-26. 
  87. ^ "École des Hautes Études Commerciales". Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada. Retrieved 2008-09-26. 
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External links[edit]