List of universities in Canada

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Canadian Provinces and Territories
Universities in Canada's provinces and territories

The Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada (AUCC), an organisation composed of Canadian universities, defines two distinct types of post-secondary institutions in Canada: universities and colleges. Universities grant university degrees, which include bachelor's degrees, master's degrees, and doctoral degrees; and colleges, also known as community colleges, provide diplomas.[1]

Canada's post-secondary opportunities revolve around a wide range of university options. Throughout Canada's 13 provinces and territories, there are 98 universities to choose from. With a population of over 34 million as of 2012,[2] 1.8 million are enrolled in a specific University.[3] This averages out to 25 thousand students per university. Programs are offered to graduating high school students through choice, however, students must maintain specific entering averages, which generally range from 65-85%, depending on criteria set by the chosen university. On campus residences are available at 95% of universities in Canada.[4] Most include a meal plan and general utilities. Residence is optional at all post-secondary campuses.[citation needed]

Degree programs last 4 years in addition to possible co-op opportunities and college affiliation for a hands-on approach to programs. Tuition is based on program material and content which varies in price. A first year student will experience a broad range of courses while "program specific courses" begin in year two, based on internal university acceptance. In other words, a set GPA (Grade Point Average) must be achieved in order to advance.[citation needed]

Universities by Province[edit]

Alberta[edit]

The University of Alberta has the largest number of graduate students enrolled in Alberta.

Post-secondary education in Alberta is regulated by the Ministry of Enterprise and Advanced Education.[5] There are six universities in Alberta, eleven public colleges, two polytechnical institutes (which grant degrees), and seven private colleges (all of which grant degrees). Most private colleges refer to themselves as "university colleges", but are not legally universities, although they grant equivalent degrees.[5]

Edmonton, the province's capital city, is home to the University of Alberta, the province's oldest and largest university, and Grant MacEwan University. There are also two universities in Calgary: University of Calgary and Mount Royal University (although the University of Lethbridge has a campus downtown as well).

In 2009, a bill was passed by the Alberta legislature that allowed the two public colleges that offered degrees (MacEwan College in Edmonton and Mount Royal College in Calgary) to rename themselves universities.[6] Mount Royal College was renamed Mount Royal University on September 3, 2009 [7] and Grant MacEwan College became Grant MacEwan University on September 24, 2009.[8]

British Columbia[edit]

The University of British Columbia has the largest number of students enrolled in western Canada

There are eleven public universities and five private universities in British Columbia. Eight of these universities – Capilano University, Emily Carr University of Art and Design, Fairleigh Dickinson University, Kwantlen Polytechnic University, New York Institute of Technology, Trinity Western University, Simon Fraser University, and the University of British Columbia – are in the Metro Vancouver region, the most populated region of British Columbia (with the exception of the University of British Columbia Okanagan - the major UBC campus located in the Okanagan Valley), and four of them – Vancouver Island University, Royal Roads University, the University of Victoria, and the University Canada West – are on Vancouver Island. The University of Northern British Columbia houses a main campus in Prince George, with regional campuses in Quesnel, Terrace and Fort St. John. Two public universities, Capilano University and Kwantlen Polytechnic University, and one private university, Quest University, are primarily undergraduate institutions.

The oldest university in the province is the University of British Columbia, established in 1908.[9] Five institutions in British Columbia were officially designated as universities on September 1, 2008:[10] Capilano University, Emily Carr University of Art and Design, Kwantlen Polytechnic University, the University of the Fraser Valley, and Vancouver Island University. University enrolment in British Columbia ranges from Quest University with 350 students to the University of British Columbia with 45,484 students.

The biggest provider of online and distance education in BC is Thompson Rivers University, Open Learning (TRU-OL). With over 400 individual courses and more than 57 programs available for completion by distance and online learning, students can take a variety of programs such as: adult secondary school completion; certificates and diplomas, including advanced and post-baccalaureate; associate degrees; and bachelor's degrees. Considering distance students, Thompson Rivers University's enrolment is 22,036 (8964 of which is distance).

Manitoba[edit]

Established in 1818, the Université de Saint-Boniface is the oldest university in the province, and the only French language university in western Canada.

There are seven universities in Manitoba, which are under the responsibility of the Ministry of Advanced Education and Literacy.[11] Five of these universities—Booth University College, Canadian Mennonite University, the University of Manitoba, the University of Winnipeg, and the Université de Saint-Boniface—are in Winnipeg, the capital and largest city in the province. The Université de Saint-Boniface, established in 1818, is the oldest university in the province and is the only French language university in western Canada. Booth University College, formed in 1982, is one of the newest. University enrolment in Manitoba ranges from Booth University College with 300 students to the University of Manitoba with 26,800 students. Brandon University is located in the Western-Manitoba city of Brandon, Manitoba.

New Brunswick[edit]

The University of New Brunswick has the largest student enrolment in the province.

There are eight chartered universities in New Brunswick; four public universities,[12] governed by the Ministry of Post-Secondary Education, Training and Labour,[13] and four private institutions including an online university. New Brunswick holds the distinctions of having the first English-language university in Canada and the first public university in North America, (the University of New Brunswick);[14] and also the first university in the British Empire to have award a bachelor's degree to a woman, (Mount Allison University) in 1875.[15] St. Thomas University and University of New Brunswick have campuses in the province's capital of Fredericton and UNB also maintains a campus in Saint John. St. Thomas University is the only public university in the province that does not offer graduate-level programs. Established in 1785, the University of New Brunswick is the oldest public in the province, and the Université de Moncton is the newest, formed in 1963. Public university enrolment ranges from Mount Allison University with 2,486 students to the University of New Brunswick with 10,587 students. Of the three private universities, Crandall University is the largest with enrolment expected to reach 1,200.

Newfoundland and Labrador[edit]

Memorial University of Newfoundland is the largest university in Atlantic Canada.

The Degree Granting Act of Newfoundland and Labrador regulates degree-granting universities in the province.[16] The only university in Newfoundland and Labrador,[12] Memorial University of Newfoundland, has campuses in two cities, in St. John's, the capital of Newfoundland and Labrador, and on the west coast of the province, in Corner Brook. With 18,172 enrolled students, it is the largest university in Atlantic Canada.[17]

Nova Scotia[edit]

The University of King's College is the oldest university in Nova Scotia.

There are 10 universities in Nova Scotia.[18] Six of these – the Atlantic School of Theology, Dalhousie University, Mount Saint Vincent University, the NSCAD University, Saint Mary's University, and the University of King's College – are located in the Halifax Regional Municipality, which is the capital of Nova Scotia and the largest urban area in Atlantic Canada. The oldest university in the province is the University of King's College, established in 1789, and the newest is Cape Breton University, established in 1974. University student enrolment in Nova Scotia ranges from 125 students at the Atlantic School of Theology to more than 18,000 at Dalhousie University.

Several universities in Nova Scotia have strong religious connections. The University of King's College, originally founded in Windsor, was the first college to obtain university powers in British North America, at a time when Upper Canada had no government of its own. It has always remained under the control of the Church of England. Dalhousie University, originally known as Dalhousie College, was established in Halifax in 1820 with the help of the Presbyterian Church, and Acadia University was founded by Baptists. Catholics formed Saint Mary's University, Mount Saint Vincent University, and Saint Francis Xavier University.[19]

Université Sainte-Anne, the tenth university, is located in Pointe-de-l'Église and instructs its academic courses in French.

Ontario[edit]

The University of Toronto has the greatest student population in any university in Canada.

There are 23 publicly funded universities in the Canadian province of Ontario that are post-secondary education institutions with degree-granting authority.[20] There are also 17 privately funded, religious universities.[21] Each of these institutions were either established through an Act of the Legislative Assembly or through a Royal Charter.[22] Students apply to public universities in Ontario through the Ontario Universities' Application Centre.

The oldest university, the University of Toronto, was established in 1827, and the newest university, Algoma University, was established in 2008. The largest university in terms of enrolment is the University of Toronto, which has campuses in three locations: St. George Campus (the university's main campus), Scarborough Campus, and Mississauga Campus.[23]

Prince Edward Island[edit]

There is one university in Prince Edward Island that is authorized to grant degrees.[12] Higher education in the province falls under the jurisdiction of the Higher Education and Corporate Services Branch within the Department of Education and Early Childhood Development.[24] The only university in the province, the University of Prince Edward Island, is in the province's capital of Charlottetown. The institution resulted from an amalgamation of Prince of Wales College, a former university college founded in 1834, and Saint Dunstan's University, founded in 1855.[25]

Quebec[edit]

Established in 1663, Université Laval is the oldest post-secondary institution in Canada.

There are 18 universities in the largely French-speaking Canadian province of Quebec, all of them accredited by the Conférence des recteurs et des principaux des universités du Québec.[26] Of the seventeen universities, only three are anglophoneConcordia University, McGill University and Bishop's University -, the rest (15) are francophone- École de technologie supérieure, École Polytechnique de Montréal, HEC Montréal, Université de Montréal, and Université du Québec à Montréal – are located in Montreal, the most populated city in Quebec, and four of them – École nationale d'administration publique, Institut national de la recherche scientifique, TÉLUQ and Université Laval – are based in Quebec City, the province's capital. The Institut national de la recherche scientifique and École nationale d'administration publique do not offer undergraduate level programs.

The oldest university in the province is Université Laval, established in 1663. Two institutions, both established in 1974, are the most recently designated universities in Quebec: École de technologie supérieure, which is part of the Université du Québec network, and Concordia University. University enrolment in the province of Quebec ranges from the Institut national de la recherche scientifique with 480 students to the Université de Montréal with 55,540 students (but this figure actually includes HEC and Polytechnique, which are officially distinct universities).

Saskatchewan[edit]

The University of Saskatchewan holds the highest enrolment numbers out of any university in the province.

There are three universities in Saskatchewan.[12] The Government of Saskatchewan must establish statutes individually to degree-granting universities; these statutes outline the authority of each institution, their regulations, and bylaws.[27] The First Nations University of Canada and the University of Regina are both in Regina, the province's capital, and the University of Saskatchewan is in Saskatoon, the most populous city in Saskatchewan. The University of Saskatchewan is the oldest university in the province, founded in 1907, and the First Nations University of Canada is the newest, established in 1976. The University of Saskatchewan is also the largest university in Saskatchewan with 18,620 students, and the First Nations University of Canada (FNUC) is the smallest with 840 students. The First Nations University is the only Canadian university that caters to the needs of First Nations students. It was originally called the Federation of Saskatchewan Indian Nations, and once formed, it entered into a federated agreement with the University of Regina to create the Saskatchewan Indian Federated College (SIFC). This Agreement allowed FNUC to become an independently administered university-college that served First Nations students.[28] The First Nations University of Canada is the only university in the province that does not offer graduate-level programs.

Accreditation[edit]

Unlike the United States, Canada does not have national accreditation organizations for its universities.[29] After the Simon Fraser Clan became the first non-American teams to join the American National Collegiate Athletic Association, in 2008 the university applied to the Northwest Commission on Colleges and Universities, which accredits universities in the northwest of the United States. According to Simon Fraser, US accreditation will "simplify our relationships with US institutions, including government, foundations and collegiate sports associations", and "enhance the value of an SFU degree for alumni abroad and for international students returning home".[30]

List of Public Universities in Canada[edit]

NameCityProvinceLanguageEstablishedUndergraduatesPost-graduatesTotal StudentsNotes
Athabasca UniversityAthabasca, Calgary, EdmontonAlbertaE197036,2403,46039,700[31]
Grant MacEwan UniversityEdmontonAlbertaE197118,897018,897[32]
Mount Royal UniversityCalgaryAlbertaE191024,768024,768[33]
University of AlbertaEdmonton, Camrose, CalgaryAlbertaB190631,9047,59839,502[34]
University of CalgaryCalgary, EdmontonAlbertaE196623,3206,54029,860[35]
University of LethbridgeLethbridge, Edmonton, CalgaryAlbertaE19677,9303008,230[36]
Capilano UniversityNorth VancouverBritish ColumbiaE19687,50007,500[37]
Emily Carr University of Art and DesignVancouverBritish ColumbiaE19251,870281,898[38]
Kwantlen Polytechnic UniversityRichmond, Surrey, Langley, and CloverdaleBritish ColumbiaE198116,811016,811[39]
Royal Roads UniversityVictoriaBritish ColumbiaE19958873,3854,272[40]
Simon Fraser UniversityBurnaby, Surrey, VancouverBritish ColumbiaE196529,6975,50735,204[41]
Thompson Rivers UniversityKamloopsBritish ColumbiaE197013,07210013,172[42]
University of British ColumbiaVancouver, KelownaBritish ColumbiaE190841,7008,63050,330[43]
University of VictoriaVictoriaBritish ColumbiaE196318,8633,54222,405[44]
University of the Fraser ValleyAbbotsford, Chilliwack and MissionBritish ColumbiaE19748,124408,164[45]
University of Northern British ColumbiaPrince GeorgeBritish ColumbiaE19903,0684903,558[46]
Vancouver Island UniversityNanaimo, Duncan, Parksville, Powell RiverBritish ColumbiaE19696,1161636,279[47]
Brandon UniversityBrandonManitobaE18993,1401203,260[48]
University College of the NorthThe Pas, ThompsonManitobaE19662,40002,400[49]
University of ManitobaWinnipegManitobaB187723,6403,16026,800[50]
University of WinnipegWinnipegManitobaE18719,3944539,847[51]
Université de Saint-BonifaceWinnipegManitobaF181893054984[52]
Mount Allison UniversitySackvilleNew BrunswickE18392,678162,694[53]
St. Thomas UniversityFrederictonNew BrunswickE19102,49402,494[53]
University of New BrunswickFredericton, Saint JohnNew BrunswickE17859,0611,57710,638[53]
Université de MonctonMoncton, Shippagan, EdmundstonNew BrunswickF19635,2816835,964[53]
Memorial University of NewfoundlandSt. John's, Corner Brook, Harlow, UKNewfoundland and LabradorE192515,4183,49518,913[53]
Acadia UniversityWolfvilleNova ScotiaE18383,6076474,254[53]
Cape Breton UniversitySydneyNova ScotiaE19743,1402043,334[53]
Dalhousie UniversityHalifax, TruroNova ScotiaE181814,4233,93118,354[53]
University of King's CollegeHalifaxNova ScotiaE17891,180101,190[53]
Mount Saint Vincent UniversityHalifaxNova ScotiaE18732,9231,0363,959[53]
NSCAD UniversityHalifaxNova ScotiaE188794229971[53]
Saint Francis Xavier UniversityAntigonishNova ScotiaE18534,8153435,158[53]
Saint Mary's UniversityHalifaxNova ScotiaE18026,9046827,586[53]
Université Sainte-AnneChurch PointNova ScotiaF189043520455[53]
Algoma UniversitySault Ste. MarieOntarioE20081,15001,150[54]
Brock UniversitySt. CatharinesOntarioE196415,7471,25917,006[55]
Carleton UniversityOttawaOntarioE194220,9503,30024,250[56]
Dominican University CollegeOttawaOntarioB190019054244[57]
Lakehead UniversityThunder Bay, OrilliaOntarioE19657,3007508,050[58]
Laurentian UniversitySudbury, Barrie, Hearst, Kapuskasing, TimminsOntarioB19608,2006008,800[59]
McMaster UniversityHamiltonOntarioE188722,9403,13026,070[60]
Nipissing UniversityNorth Bay, Bracebridge, BrantfordOntarioE19096,3004006,700[61]
OCAD UniversityTorontoOntarioE18763,45003,450[62]
Queen's UniversityKingstonOntarioE184116,7003,85020,550[63]
Saint Paul UniversityOttawaOntarioB1965430350780[64]
Royal Military College of CanadaKingstonOntarioB18761,0406601,700[65]
Ryerson UniversityTorontoOntarioE194833,6002,30035,900[66]
Trent UniversityPeterborough, OshawaOntarioE19637,7003608,060[67]
University of GuelphGuelph, Toronto, Alfred, Ridgetown, KemptvilleOntarioE196419,8002,28022,080[68]
University of Ontario Institute of TechnologyOshawaOntarioE20028,8465189,203[69]
University of OttawaOttawaOntarioB184833,0005,70038,700[70]
University of TorontoToronto, Scarborough, MississaugaOntarioE182760,66014,10074,760[71]
University of WaterlooWaterloo, Cambridge, Kitchener, StratfordOntarioE195730,0005,10035,100[72]
University of Western OntarioLondonOntarioE187829,5004,60034,100[73]
University of WindsorWindsorOntarioE185714,7001,48016,180[74]
Wilfrid Laurier UniversityWaterloo, Brantford, Toronto, KitchenerOntarioE191113,7501,00014,750[75]
York UniversityTorontoOntarioB195946,6405,65052,290[76]
University of Prince Edward IslandCharlottetownPrince Edward IslandE19694,2513044,555[53]
Bishop's UniversitySherbrookeQuebecE18432,442202,260[77]
Concordia UniversityMontrealQuebecE197432,3476,46243,944[78]
École de technologie supérieureMontrealQuebecF19744,0506304,680[79]
École nationale d'administration publiqueQuebec City, Montreal, Gatineau, Saguenay, Trois-RivièresQuebecF196901,8801,880[80]
École Polytechnique de MontréalMontrealQuebecF18734,0601,4905,550[81]
HEC MontréalMontrealQuebecB19079,3902,59011,980[82]
Institut national de la recherche scientifiqueQuebec City, Montreal, Laval, VarennesQuebecF19690480480[83]
McGill UniversityMontreal, Ste-Anne-de-BellevueQuebecE182123,7588,75632,514[84]
Université de MontréalMontrealQuebecF187841,05514,48555,540[85]
Université de SherbrookeSherbrookeQuebecF195413,4906,01019,500[86]
Université du Québec en Abitibi-TémiscamingueRouyn-NorandaQuebecF19702,2603902,650[87]
Université du Québec en OutaouaisGatineauQuebecF19704,3601,0905,450[88]
Université du Québec à ChicoutimiChicoutimiQuebecF19695,1401,0306,170[89]
Université du Québec à MontréalMontrealQuebecF196933,1006,57041,670[90]
Université du Québec à RimouskiRimouski and LévisQuebecF19694,6208105,430[91]
Université du Québec à Trois-RivièresTrois-RivièresQuebecF19699,1601,45010,610[92]
Université LavalQuebec CityQuebecF166327,53010,27037,800[93]
First Nations University of CanadaRegina, Saskatoon, Prince AlbertSaskatchewanE19768400840[94]
University of ReginaRegina, Saskatoon, Swift CurrentSaskatchewanE191110,6901,48012,170[95]
University of SaskatchewanSaskatoonSaskatchewanE190716,4302,19018,620[96]

List of Private Universities in Canada[edit]

NameCityProvinceLanguageEstablishedUndergraduatesPost-graduatesTotal StudentsNotes
Fairleigh Dickinson UniversityVancouverBritish ColumbiaE200778[not in citation given]078[not in citation given][97]
Quest UniversitySquamishBritish ColumbiaE20023000300[98]
Trinity Western UniversityLangleyBritish ColumbiaE19622,1307302,860[99]
University Canada WestVictoriaBritish ColumbiaE2005350[dated info]0350[dated info][100]
Booth University CollegeWinnipegManitobaE19822500250[101]
Canadian Mennonite UniversityWinnipegManitobaE19446000600[49]
Kingswood UniversitySussexNew BrunswickE19453000300[102][dated info]
Crandall UniversityMonctonNew BrunswickE19496850685[103][dated info]
St. Stephen's UniversitySt. StephenNew BrunswickE19751000100[104][dated info]
University of FrederictonFrederictonNew BrunswickE2005[53][dated info]
Atlantic School of TheologyHalifaxNova ScotiaE19710124124[53]
Tyndale University CollegeTorontoOntarioE19828500850[105]
Redeemer University CollegeAncasterOntarioE19829550955

See also[edit]

Lists

Footnotes[edit]

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  2. ^ "Population". 
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  6. ^ Intercamp, "MacEwan and MRC could add University to name".
  7. ^ Braid, Don (2009-09-03). "Tories reward Mount Royal". Calgary Herald. Retrieved 2009-09-03. 
  8. ^ "Grant MacEwan University celebrates new name". 2009-09-24. Retrieved 2009-09-25. 
  9. ^ "About UBC". ubc.ca. Retrieved 2011-08-01. 
  10. ^ "An Overview of B.C.'s Public Post-secondary Institutions". Aved.gov.bc.ca. 2008-09-01. Retrieved 2009-09-05. 
  11. ^ "Quality Assurance Practices for Postsecondary Institutions in Manitoba". Canadian Information Centre for International Credentials. 2008-03-06. Retrieved 2008-10-11. 
  12. ^ a b c d "Canadian Universities". Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada. Retrieved 2008-10-08. 
  13. ^ "Premier announces NB Commission on Post-Secondary Education (07/01/19)". Government of New Brunswick. 2007-01-19. Retrieved 2008-10-11. 
  14. ^ "UNB: Quick Facts". University of New Brunswick. Retrieved 2008-10-11. 
  15. ^ "Mount Allison and our Campus...". Mount Allison University. Retrieved 2008-10-24. 
  16. ^ "Degree Granting Act, R.S.N.L. 1990, c. D-5". Canadian Legal Information Institute. Retrieved 2008-10-11. 
  17. ^ "About the School of Music". Memorial University. Retrieved 2008-10-12. 
  18. ^ "Universities in Nova Scotia". Government of Nova Scotia. Retrieved 2008-10-21. 
  19. ^ Bourinot, John George (2004). "Chapter II: Education". The Intellectual Development of the Canadian People. Kessinger Publishing. ISBN 1-4191-6747-2. 
  20. ^ "Post-Secondary - Schools Programs - University". Ontario Ministry of Training, Colleges, and Universities. Retrieved 2011-01-10. 
  21. ^ "Post-Secondary - Schools Programs - Private Universities". Ontario Ministry of Training, Colleges, and Universities. Retrieved 2011-01-10. 
  22. ^ Cooper, William Mansfield (July 1967). "Governments and the University". Peabody Journal of Education 45 (1): 57–60. 
  23. ^ Girard, Daniel (2007-09-20). "University of Toronto (Mississauga): Best of both worlds". Toronto Star. Retrieved 2008-04-21. 
  24. ^ "Higher Education and Corporate Services". Government of Prince Edward Island. Retrieved 2008-10-11. 
  25. ^ "University of Prince Edward Island". The Canadian Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2008-10-12. 
  26. ^ "Qui sommes-nous ?" (in French). Conférence des recteurs et des principaux des universités de Québec. Retrieved 2008-09-27. 
  27. ^ "Quality Assurance Practices for Postsecondary Institutions in Saskatchewan". Canadian Information Centre for International Credentials. 2008-01-25. Retrieved 2008-10-11. 
  28. ^ "Our History". First Nations University of Canada. Retrieved 2008-10-24. 
  29. ^ "Accreditation at SFU". VP Academic, Simon Fraser University. Retrieved 23 March 2014. 
  30. ^ "Accreditation Questions and Answers". VP Academic, Simon Fraser University. Retrieved 23 March 2014. 
  31. ^ "Athabasca University". Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada. Retrieved 2010-06-28. 
  32. ^ "Grant MacEwan University". Retrieved 2011-11-13. 
  33. ^ "Mount Royal University". Retrieved 2011-11-13. 
  34. ^ "University of Alberta". Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada. Retrieved 2010-06-28. 
  35. ^ "University of Calgary". Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada. Retrieved 2010-06-28. 
  36. ^ "The University of Lethbridge". Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada. Retrieved 2008-10-08. 
  37. ^ "Fall 2007: Student Enrolment and Demographic Statistics" (PDF). Capilano University. Retrieved 2009-03-21. 
  38. ^ "Emily Carr University of Art + Design". Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada. Retrieved 2009-03-21. 
  39. ^ "Kwantlen Polytechnic University". Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada. Retrieved 2009-03-21. 
  40. ^ "Royal Roads University". Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada. Retrieved 2009-03-21. 
  41. ^ "Simon Fraser University". Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada. Retrieved 2009-03-21. 
  42. ^ http://www.tru.ca/about_tru/facts_figures.html
  43. ^ "The University of British Columbia". Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada. Retrieved 2009-03-21. 
  44. ^ "University of Victoria". Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada. Retrieved 2009-03-21. 
  45. ^ "University of the Fraser Valley". Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada. Retrieved 2009-03-21. 
  46. ^ "University of Northern British Columbia". Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada. Retrieved 2009-03-21. 
  47. ^ "Vancouver Island University". Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada. Retrieved 2009-03-21. 
  48. ^ "Brandon University". Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada. Retrieved 2008-10-08. 
  49. ^ a b "Manitoba Advanced Education and Literacy". Government of Manitoba. Retrieved 2008-10-22. 
  50. ^ "The University of Manitoba". Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada. Retrieved 2008-10-08. 
  51. ^ "The University of Winnipeg". Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada. Retrieved 2008-10-08. 
  52. ^ "Collège universitaire de Saint-Boniface". Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada. Retrieved 2008-10-08. 
  53. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q "Full-time plus Part-time Enrolment". Association of Atlantic Universities. 2012-10-15. Retrieved 2012-10-15. 
  54. ^ "Algoma University". Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada (AUCC). Retrieved 2008-09-27. 
  55. ^ "Brock University". Brock University. Retrieved 2008-09-27. 
  56. ^ "Carleton University". AUCC. Retrieved 2008-09-27. 
  57. ^ "Dominican College of Philosophy and Theology (Dominican University College)". AUCC. Retrieved 2008-09-27. 
  58. ^ "Lakehead University". AUCC. Retrieved 2008-09-27. 
  59. ^ "Laurentian University of Sudbury". AUCC. Retrieved 2008-09-27. 
  60. ^ "McMaster University". AUCC. Retrieved 2008-09-27. 
  61. ^ "Nipissing University". AUCC. Retrieved 2008-09-27. 
  62. ^ "Ontario College of Art & Design". AUCC. Retrieved 2008-09-27. 
  63. ^ "Queen’s University at Kingston". AUCC. Retrieved 2008-09-27. 
  64. ^ "Saint Paul University". SPU. Retrieved 2011-03-12. 
  65. ^ "Royal Military College of Canada". AUCC. Retrieved 2008-09-27. 
  66. ^ "Ryerson University". AUCC. Retrieved 2008-09-27. 
  67. ^ "Trent University". AUCC. Retrieved 2008-09-27. 
  68. ^ "University of Guelph". AUCC. Retrieved 2008-09-27. 
  69. ^ "University of Ontario Institute of Technology". AUCC. Retrieved 2008-09-27. 
  70. ^ "University of Ottawa". AUCC. Retrieved 2010-06-01. 
  71. ^ "University of Toronto". AUCC. Retrieved 2008-09-27. 
  72. ^ "University of Waterloo". AUCC. Retrieved 2008-09-27. 
  73. ^ "The University of Western Ontario". AUCC. Retrieved 2008-09-27. 
  74. ^ "University of Windsor". AUCC. Retrieved 2008-09-27. 
  75. ^ "Wilfrid Laurier University". AUCC. Retrieved 2008-09-27. 
  76. ^ "York University". AUCC. Retrieved 2008-09-27. 
  77. ^ "Bishop’s University". Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada. Retrieved 2008-09-26. 
  78. ^ "Concordia University". Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada. Retrieved 2008-09-26. 
  79. ^ "Université du Québec - École de technologie supérieure". Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada. Retrieved 2008-09-26. 
  80. ^ "Université du Québec - École nationale d'administration publique". Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada. Retrieved 2008-09-26. 
  81. ^ "École Polytechnique de Montréal". Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada. Retrieved 2008-09-26. 
  82. ^ "École des Hautes Études Commerciales". Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada. Retrieved 2008-09-26. 
  83. ^ "Institut national de la recherche scientifique". Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada. Retrieved 2008-09-26. 
  84. ^ "McGill University". Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada. Retrieved 2008-09-26. 
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References[edit]

External links[edit]