List of universities in India

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view of University of Madras from the beach
The University of Madras, established 1857, is one of the three oldest modern state universities in India, the others being the University of Calcutta and the University of Mumbai.

The higher education system in India includes both private and public universities. Public universities are supported by the Government of India and the state governments, while private universities are mostly supported by various bodies and societies. Universities in India are recognized by the University Grants Commission (UGC), which draws its power from the University Grants Commission Act, 1956.[1] In addition, 15 Professional Councils are established, controlling different aspects of accreditation and coordination.[2]

The types of universities include:

India has over 650 universities.[10] There are universities of some kind in each and every of the 28 states of India as well as three of the union territories, Chandigarh, Delhi and Puducherry. The state with the most universities is Tamil Nadu with 55 universities. It is also the state with the most deemed universities, numbering 29.[7] Andhra Pradesh has the most state universities (32),[5] Rajasthan the most private universities (25),[9] while Delhi and Uttar Pradesh have four central universities each, the largest number of all the states and territories.[4]

Apart from the above universities, other institutions are granted the permission to autonomously award degrees. However, they do not affiliate colleges and are not officially called "universities" but "autonomous organizations" or "autonomous institutes". They fall under the administrative control of the Department of Higher Education.[11] These organizations include the Indian Institutes of Technology, the National Institutes of Technology, the Indian Institutes of Science Education and Research, the Indian Institutes of Management (though these award diplomas, not degrees)[12] and other autonomous institutes. These institutes are not listed below. Also not listed are institutes which are under the control of the professional councils, without approval of the UGC, e.g. Agricultural Universities, which are under the control of the Agricultural Education Division of the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR), one of the professional councils.[13][14]

Universities by state and type[edit]

Summary of universities in India by state and type.

StateCentral
universities
State
universities
Deemed
universities
Private
universities
Total
Andhra Pradesh (list)3337043
Arunachal Pradesh (list)10113
Assam (list)24028
Bihar (list)1152018
Chandigarh (list)01102
Chhattisgarh (list)1100415
Delhi (list)4511020
Goa (list)01001
Gujarat (list)11821132
Haryana (list)1105622
Himachal Pradesh (list)1401217
Jammu and Kashmir (list)26008
Jharkhand (list)172111
Karnataka (list)12215240
Kerala (list)1112014
Madhya Pradesh (list)2153727
Maharashtra (list)11921041
Manipur (list)20002
Meghalaya (list)101810
Mizoram (list)10012
Nagaland (list)10023
Odisha (list)1132319
Puducherry (list)10102
Punjab (list)172313
Rajasthan (list)11482548
Sikkim (list)10045
Tamil Nadu (list)22429055
Tripura (list)10012
Uttar Pradesh (list)423101653
Uttarakhand (list)1941024
West Bengal (list)1201123
Total42287129115573

% Does not include the National School of Drama which changed status on 7 October 2011, and its current status is unclear.[15]

Universities by type[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "University Grants Commission Act, 1956" (PDF). Union Human Resource Development Ministry. Retrieved 3 September 2011. 
  2. ^ "::: Professional Councils-Inside H E – University Grants Commission :::". ugc.ac.in. University Grants Commission. Retrieved 11 August 2011. 
  3. ^ "Central Universities". mhrd.gov.in. Union Human Resource Development Ministry. Retrieved 13 March 2012. 
  4. ^ a b "Central Universities". ugc.ac.in. University Grants Commission. Retrieved 22 June 2012. 
  5. ^ a b "List of State Universities" (PDF). University Grants Commission. 30 November 2011. Retrieved 13 February 2012. 
  6. ^ "Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology (IISST) Thiruvanathapuram Declared as Deemed to be University". Union Human Resource Development Ministry, Press Information Bureau. 14 July 2008. Retrieved 3 September 2011. 
  7. ^ a b ":::Deemed University – University Grants Commission :::". ugc.ac.in. University Grants Commission. 23 June 2008. Retrieved 6 June 2011. 
  8. ^ "Listing of Homi Bhabha National Institute as deemed university". ugc.ac.in. University Grants Commission. Retrieved 13 September 2011. 
  9. ^ a b ":::Private Universities – University Grants Commission :::". ugc.ac.in. University Grants Commission. 7 June 2012. Archived from the original on 12 June 2012. Retrieved 12 June 2012. 
  10. ^ "No of Universities in India". Retrieved 25 February 2014. 
  11. ^ "Autonomous Bodies – Higher Education". education.nic.in. Union Human Resource Development Ministry. Archived from the original on 17 December 2010. Retrieved 30 June 2011. 
  12. ^ Mathang Seshagiri (1 May 2011). "It's time IIMs give degree, not diploma: Panel". articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com (Times of India). 
  13. ^ "Agricultural Education Division | Indian Council of Agricultural Research". icar.org.in. Indian Council of Agricultural Research. Retrieved 11 August 2011. 
  14. ^ "Universities | Indian Council of Agricultural Research". icar.org.in. Indian Council of Agricultural Research. Retrieved 11 August 2011. 
  15. ^ "NSD loses deemed varsity status on own request". The Hindu. 7 October 2011. Retrieved 9 October 2011.