List of universities in Germany

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This is a list of the universities in Germany, of which there are about seventy. The list also includes the 13 German universities of technology which have official and full university status, but which usually focus on engineering and the natural sciences rather than covering the whole spectrum of academic disciplines.

However, the list does not cover the German Fachhochschulen (universities of applied sciences) and institutions that cover only certain disciplines such as business studies, fine arts, or engineering sciences. Those do not have all of the responsibilities and limitations of old universities and they can not award doctorate degrees on their own.

Founded in 1386, Heidelberg University is the oldest university in present-day Germany. The picture shows the university's Old Assembly Hall.

Universities by years of existence[edit]

The University of Greifswald is the smallest among the ancient universities of Germany.

This is a list of the ten oldest universities that have been in continuous operation since their founding in present-day Germany.

Some other formerly German universities, for instance the Charles University in Prague (now in the Czech Republic) are no longer on German soil. Also, some universities were established in the 14th or 15th centuries, but shut down for longer periods and later re-opened (e.g. the universities of Cologne, Erfurt, Ingolstadt, Mainz and Würzburg). These are not included in this list.

UniversityYear of establishmentStudentsLocation
Heidelberg University138626,500Heidelberg
Leipzig University140929,500Leipzig
University of Rostock141914,000Rostock
University of Greifswald145612,000Greifswald
University of Freiburg145720,500Freiburg
University of Munich147244,000Munich[1]
University of Tübingen147723,500Tübingen
University of Halle-Wittenberg150218,500Halle[2]
University of Marburg152724,000Marburg
University of Jena155822,000Jena

Universities alphabetically[edit]



Festive hall of the University of Göttingen.



Universities by geographic region[edit]





Universities of Technology by location[edit]

International rankings[edit]

According to the QS World University Rankings and the Times Higher Education World University Rankings:

NR = no ranking or ranking outside top 200.

Institution200420052006200720082009201020112012 (Times)2013 (QS)
Free University of Berlin (Freie Universität Berlin)NR1721491461379466151128109
Goethe University Frankfurt (Goethe-Universität Frankfurt am Main)NR187187NR169NR195182199NR
Humboldt University of Berlin (Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin)12511210512613914612313299126
Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (Karlsruher Institut für Technologie)NRNRNRNRNRNR187196151116
RWTH Aachen (Rheinisch-Westfälische Technische Hochschule Aachen)--------154147
Technical University of Berlin (Technische Universität Berlin)---------183
Technical University of Munich (Technische Universität München)9510582677855585410553
University of Munich (Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München)99559865939866624867
University of Göttingen (Georg-August-Universität Göttingen)85114156168166186436970128
University of Heidelberg (Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg)47455860575751537850
University of Freiburg (Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg)NRNRNR14414712297105144102
University of Bonn (Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn)NRNRNRNRNRNR200154171163
University of Tuebingen (Eberhard Karls Universität Tübingen)---------134
University of Hamburg (Universität Hamburg)---------186

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Originally in Ingolstadt; relocated to Munich in 1826
  2. ^ Founded in Wittenberg 1502, closed in 1813; in 1817 merged with the University of Halle, founded in 1694.

External links[edit]