List of turnpikes in Maryland

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This is a list of turnpike roads, built and operated by nonprofit turnpike trusts or private companies in exchange for the privilege of collecting a toll, in the U.S. state of Maryland, mainly in the 19th century. While most of the roads are now maintained as free public roads, some have been abandoned.


NameCharteredRoutingApproximate modern designationNotes
National TurnpikeCumberland - Frostburg - Grantsville - Pennsylvania (towards Uniontown)U.S. Route 40
Baltimore and Frederick-town TurnpikeJanuary 12, 1805Baltimore - Ellicott City - Mount Airy - New Market - Frederick - Middletown - BoonsboroRoute 144, U.S. Route 40 Alternate
Baltimore and Reister's-town TurnpikeJanuary 12, 1805Baltimore - Reisterstown - Finksburg - Hampstead - Pennsylvania (Hanover and Maryland Line Turnpike); Reisterstown - Westminster - Pennsylvania (towards Littlestown); Finksburg - Gamber; Westminster - UniontownRoute 140, Route 30; Route 140, Route 97; Route 91; Uniontown Road
Baltimore and York-town TurnpikeJanuary 12, 1805Baltimore - Towson - Pennsylvania (towards York)Route 45
Falls TurnpikeJanuary 19, 1805Baltimore - BrooklandvilleCathedral Street, Route 25
Washington TurnpikeJanuary 25, 1806District of Columbia (Washington Turnpike) - RockvilleRoute 355Was planned to Frederick via Clarksburg, but only built to Rockville
Hagerstown TurnpikeJanuary 6, 1810Westminster - Thurmont - Smithsburg - HagerstownUniontown Road, Middleburg Road, Route 77, Route 64
New-Castle and French-town TurnpikeJanuary 6, 1810Chesapeake Bay - Delaware (same name)Lewis Shore Road, abandoned right-of-way
Columbia TurnpikeJanuary 6, 1810Ellicott City - White OakU.S. Route 29Not completed by the company; was to extend to District of Columbia, but only built to White Oak[1]
Washington and Baltimore TurnpikeDecember 17, 1812District of Columbia (Columbia Turnpike) - Laurel - BaltimoreU.S. Route 1 Alternate, U.S. Route 1, U.S. Route 1 Alternate
Cumberland TurnpikeDecember 17, 1812Conococheague - Hancock - CumberlandU.S. Route 40, Route 144
Elk and Christiana TurnpikeDecember 19, 1812Elkton - Delaware (same name)Route 281
Baltimore and Havre-de-Grace TurnpikeJanuary 29, 1814Baltimore - Edgewood - Aberdeen - Havre de GraceRoute 7
Westminster, Taney-Town and Emmittsburg TurnpikeJanuary 31, 1814Westminster - Taneytown - Emmitsburg - Pennsylvania (Waynesburg, Greencastle, and Mercersburg Turnpike)Route 140
Boonsboro and Sharpsburg Turnpike
Originally Boonsborough Turnpike
January 23, 1815Boonsboro - SharpsburgRoute 34The chartered route extended to the Potomac River opposite Shepherdstown, West Virginia, but was never built
Baltimore and Harford TurnpikeJanuary 3, 1816Baltimore - Greenwood - Benson; Greenwood - Little Gunpowder Falls[citation needed]Route 147; Long Green Pike
Calverton TurnpikeJanuary 16, 1816
Hagers-Town and Conococheague TurnpikeJanuary 27, 1817Hagerstown - ConococheagueU.S. Route 40
Boonsborough TurnpikeJanuary 30, 1822Boonsboro - Funkstown - HagerstownU.S. Route 40 Alternate
Franklin TurnpikeMarch 10, 1828Baltimore - FranklintownFranklintown Road
Frederick and Woodsborough TurnpikeJanuary 30, 1832Frederick - CeresvilleRoute 355, Route 26Originally authorized to continue to Woodsboro, but that was built by the Woodsboro and Frederick Turnpike
Last turnpike in Maryland, bought by the State Roads Commission in 1921
Williamsport and Hagerstown TurnpikeMarch 2, 1833Williamsport - HagerstownU.S. Route 11
Northwestern TurnpikeMarch 22, 1833Connecting the West Virginia turnpike of the same name across southern Allegany CountyU.S. Route 50
Cumberland and Somerset TurnpikeFebruary 4, 1842Locust Grove - Mount Savage - Pennsylvania (Somerset and Cumberland Turnpike)Route 36, Route 47
Maryland and New York Iron and Coal Company's turnpikeMarch 1, 1843Mount Savage Iron Works - Mount SavageRoute 36
Baltimore, Freedom and Liberty Turnpike
Originally Baltimore and Liberty Turnpike
February 24, 1844Baltimore - HarrisonvilleRoute 26
Frederick and Emmettsburg TurnpikeFebruary 20, 1845Frederick - Thurmont - EmmitsburgU.S. Route 15
Hagerstown and Waynesborough TurnpikeMarch 10, 1847Hagerstown - Leitersburg - Pennsylvania (towards Waynesboro)Route 60
Marsh TurnpikeFebruary 15, 1848North of Hagerstown - Pennsylvania (towards Waynesboro)Marsh Pike
Hagerstown and Middleburg TurnpikeFebruary 26, 1850Hagerstown - Pennsylvania (Greencastle and Maryland Line Turnpike)U.S. Route 11
Union Turnpike
Originally Union Plank or Turnpike Road
February 27, 1850District of Columbia (Washington and Rockville Turnpike) - Glenmont - Olney - Brookeville; Olney - Sandy Spring - Ashton; Sandy Spring — GlenmontRoute 97; Route 108; Route 182
Westminster and Taneytown TurnpikeFebruary 28, 1850Westminster - Taneytown - Emmitsburg - Pennsylvania (Waynesburg, Greencastle, and Mercersburg Turnpike)Route 140Originally the Westminster, Taney-Town and Emmittsburg Turnpike
Williamsport and Greencastle TurnpikeMarch 6, 1850Williamsport - Pennsylvania (towards Greencastle)Route 63
Bel-Air TurnpikeMarch 9, 1850Benson - Bel AirU.S. Route 1 Business
Hagerstown and Sharpsburg TurnpikeApril 14, 1853Hagerstown - SharpsburgRoute 65
Hagerstown and Smithsburg TurnpikeMay 23, 1853Hagerstown - SmithsburgRoute 64
Woodsboro and Frederick TurnpikeMay 27, 1853Woodsboro - Walkersville - CeresvilleRoute 194
Frederick and Monocacy TurnpikeMay 27, 1853Frederick - Monocacy RiverChurch Street, Gas House Pike[citation needed]
Elkton, Andora and Lewisville Plank Road
Later Elkton, Andora and Lewisville Plank and Turnpike Road
May 27, 1853Elkton - Cherry Hill - Pennsylvania (towards Lewisville)Route 213
Dulaney's Valley and Towsontown TurnpikeFebruary 27, 1856Loch Raven Reservoir - TowsonRoute 146
Green Spring AvenueMarch 6, 1858Baltimore - Route 130Greenspring Avenue
Baltimore and Jerusalem Turnpike
Originally Baltimore and Little Gunpowder Falls Turnpike
March 2, 1860Baltimore - Jerusalem MillsU.S. Route 1, Jerusalem Road
Hagerstown and Cross-Roads TurnpikeMarch 7, 1860Hagerstown - CearfossRoute 58
Buckeystown TurnpikeMarch 9, 1860Frederick - BuckeystownRoute 85
Liberty and Frederick TurnpikeMarch 10, 1860Libertytown - CeresvilleRoute 26
Frederick City and Catoctin Mountain RoadMarch 10, 1860Frederick - Catoctin MountainYellow Springs Road
Liberty and New Windsor TurnpikeFebruary 16, 1864Libertytown - New WindsorRoute 31
Dulaney's Valley and Sweet Air TurnpikeFebruary 16, 1864Loch Raven Reservoir - KnoebelDulaney Valley Road
Meredith's Ford and Jarrettsville TurnpikeFebruary 16, 1864Loch Raven Reservoir - TaylorRoute 146
Liberty and Pipe Creek TurnpikeMarch 10, 1864Libertytown - Johnsville - Union BridgeRoute 75
Western Run TurnpikeMarch 19, 1867Cockeysville - ButlerWestern Run Road
Washington, Colesville and Ashton TurnpikeApril 4, 1870Silver Spring - Colesville - AshtonU.S. Route 29, Route 650
Mechanicsville and Finksburg TurnpikeFinksburg - GamberRoute 91Later merged into the Baltimore and Reister's-town Turnpike
Georgetown and Rockville TurnpikeRockville - District of ColumbiaRoute 355
Back River Neck TurnpikeMiddle River - Essex; branch along Back River NeckRoute 150; Back River Neck Road
Westminster and Meadow Branch TurnpikeWestminster - FrizzelburgRoute 140Originally part of the Westminster, Taney-Town and Emmittsburg Turnpike
Adamstown TurnpikeAdamstown (Tuscarora Creek) to Route 85; branch to Doubs (Tuscarora Creek)[2]Mountville Road, New Design Road, Greenfield Road; Doubs Road
Frederick and Ballinger Creek TurnpikeFrederick - Ballenger CreekRoute 351
Frederick and Jefferson TurnpikeFrederick - JeffersonRoute 180
Monocacy and Urbana TurnpikeMonocacy National Battlefield -Route 355
Woodsboro and Creagerstown TurnpikeWoodsboro - CreagerstownRoute 550
Woodsboro and Double Pipe Creek TurnpikeWoodsboro - DetourRoute 194, Detour Road
Frederick and Opossumtown TurnpikeFrederick - just north of Frederick Community CollegeOpossumtown Pike
Frederick and Washington TurnpikeFrederick - Monocacy National BattlefieldRoute 355
Ellicott City and Clarksville TurnpikeEllicott City - ClarksvilleRoute 108
Triadelphia TurnpikeGlenelg - west of Ellicott CityTriadelphia Road
Downsville and Hagerstown TurnpikeDownsville - HagerstownRoute 632
Gapland TurnpikeGapland - Gathland State ParkGapland Road
Beaver Creek and South Mountain TurnpikeFunkstown - Greenbrier State ParkBeaver Creek Road
Charles Street AvenueBaltimore - WoodbrookCharles Street
Washington and Westminster TurnpikeWestminster - SmallwoodRoute 32
Washington TurnpikeDecember 31, 1796District of Columbia - BaltimoreUnbuilt
Elizabeth TurnpikeJanuary 20, 1797Baltimore - Frederick - Hagerstown - WilliamsportUnbuilt
Reisterstown TurnpikeJanuary 20, 1797Reisterstown - Westminster - Taneytown - Emmitsburg - PennsylvaniaUnbuilt
Cumberland and Union TurnpikeDecember 31, 1801Cumberland - Pennsylvania (towards Uniontown)Unbuilt
Allegany TurnpikeDecember 31, 1801West Virginia (towards Winchester) - Westernport - West Virginia (towards Morgantown)Unbuilt
Frederick-Town and Harper's Ferry TurnpikeDecember 12, 1812Frederick - Harper's FerryUnbuilt
Piscataway and Hynson TurnpikeJanuary 2, 1814Unbuilt
Baltimore and Strasburg TurnpikeJanuary 24, 1814Pennsylvania (towards Holtwood) - BaltimoreUnbuilt
Emmittsburg TurnpikeJanuary 25, 1815Point on the Hagerstown Turnpike - EmmitsburgUnbuilt
Susquehanna, Charles-Town and Elkton TurnpikeDecember 22, 1815Perryville - Charlestown - ElktonUnbuilt
Westminster and New-Windsor TurnpikeJanuary 6, 1816New Windsor - WestminsterUnbuilt
Westminster and Liberty Town TurnpikeJanuary 15, 1816Libertytown - WestminsterUnbuilt
Baltimore, Liberty and Hager's Town TurnpikeJanuary 17, 1816Baltimore - Libertytown - HagerstownUnbuilt
Washington and Frederick TurnpikeJanuary 17, 1816Middletown - Potomac RiverUnbuilt
Loveton TurnpikeJanuary 22, 1816Point on the Baltimore and York-town Turnpike - Pennsylvania (towards Holtwood)Unbuilt
Monocacy TurnpikeJanuary 26, 1816Dickerson - Poplar SpringsUnbuilt
Harper's Ferry TurnpikeJanuary 27, 1816Frederick - Harpers FerryUnbuilt
Baltimore and Rock Run Turnpike
Later Baltimore, Rock Run and Philadelphia Turnpike
January 29, 1816Baltimore - Rock Run - Pennsylvania (towards New London); several branches to the southUnbuilt
William's-Port and Boonsborough TurnpikeJanuary 22, 1817Boonsboro - WilliamsportUnbuilt
Elkton and Susquehanna Bridge TurnpikeFebruary 3, 1817Elkton - Rock RunUnbuilt
Potomac TurnpikeFebruary 3, 1817Oldtown - CumberlandUnbuilt
Conowingo TurnpikeFebruary 4, 1817Conowingo - Pennsylvania (towards New London)Unbuilt
Rock Run and Brick Meeting-House TurnpikeFebruary 4, 1817Port Deposit - Calvert - DelawareUnbuilt
Rockville and William's-Port TurnpikeFebruary 3, 1818Rockville - Crampton's Gap - WilliamsportUnbuilt
Rockville and Washington TurnpikeFebruary 3, 1818Rockville - District of Columbia (Rockville and Washington Turnpike)Unbuilt
Williams-Port TurnpikeFebruary 14, 1818Boonsboro - Williamsport - point on the Cumberland TurnpikeUnbuilt
Williams-Port and Cumberland TurnpikeJanuary 11, 1819Williamsport - Stone Quarry RidgeUnbuilt
Hager's-Town and Antietam TurnpikeFebruary 2, 1819Hagerstown - Pennsylvania (towards Gettysburg)Unbuilt
Hagers-town and Boonsborough TurnpikeFebruary 4, 1819Hagerstown - Funkstown - BoonsboroUnbuilt
Skipton TurnpikeJanuary 22, 1820Potomac River - Oldtown - CumberlandUnbuilt
Hancock TurnpikeFebruary 24, 1823Hancock - Pennsylvania (towards Bedford)Unbuilt
Hunting Ridge TurnpikeFebruary 3, 1825Unbuilt
Frederick and Harper's Ferry TurnpikeFebruary 4, 1825Frederick - Harpers FerryUnbuilt
Rockrun TurnpikeFebruary 26, 1825Point on the Baltimore and Havre-de-Grace Turnpike - Rock Run - Delaware (towards Stanton)Unbuilt
Susquehannah and Elkton TurnpikeMarch 3, 1826Perryville - ElktonUnbuilt
Conewingo and Wilmington TurnpikeMarch 4, 1828Conowingo - Delaware (towards Wilmington)Unbuilt
Port Deposit and Columbia TurnpikeMarch 7, 1828Port Deposit - PennsylvaniaUnbuilt
Port Deposit and Chesapeake TurnpikeMarch 15, 1828Port Deposit - Chesapeake CityUnbuilt
Frederick and Emmitsburg TurnpikeFebruary 19, 1831Frederick - Emmitsburg - Pennsylvania (towards Gettysburg)Unbuilt
Somerset and Cumberland TurnpikeMarch 4, 1833Pennsylvania (Somerset and Cumberland Turnpike) - CumberlandUnbuilt
Clear Spring and Canal TurnpikeMarch 12, 1834Clear Spring - Chesapeake and Ohio CanalUnbuilt
Frederick and Smithsburg TurnpikeMarch 13, 1834Frederick - Smithsburg - PennsylvaniaUnbuilt
Northern TurnpikeMarch 7, 1835Westminster - Taneytown - Emmitsburg - PennsylvaniaUnbuiltOriginally part of the Westminster, Taney-Town and Emmittsburg Turnpike
Hagerstown and Waynesboro TurnpikeApril 2, 1836Hagerstown - Pennsylvania (towards Waynesboro)Unbuilt
Western Trade TurnpikeFebruary 10, 1837Point on the National Road west of Cumberland - point on the Northwestern TurnpikeUnbuilt
Cumberland and Bedford TurnpikeMarch 9, 1837Cumberland - Pennsylvania (towards Bedford)Unbuilt
George's Creek Mining Company's turnpikeJanuary 20, 1838Georges Creek - point on the National Road between Frostburg and CumberlandUnbuilt
North Branch and Cacapon TurnpikeMarch 27, 1839West Virginia - CumberlandUnbuilt
Mercersville and Antietam TurnpikeApril 3, 1839Mercersville - FunkstownUnbuilt
Boonsboro and Ridgeville TurnpikeApril 5, 1839Boonsboro - Cavetown - Smithsburg - Blue Mountain - PennsylvaniaUnbuilt
Jennings' Valley Rail Road and TurnpikeMarch 20, 1840Frostburg - Locust GroveUnbuilt
Catoctin Valley TurnpikeFebruary 27, 1841Middletown - Chesapeake and Ohio CanalUnbuilt
Maryland and Virginia TurnpikeFebruary 27, 1843Point on the National Road west of Cumberland - point on the Northwestern TurnpikeUnbuilt
Frostburg and the Valley of Jenning's Run TurnpikeMarch 3, 1843Frostburg - Mount Savage Iron WorksUnbuilt
Black Rock TurnpikeMarch 9, 1846Unbuilt
Woodsborough TurnpikeMarch 4, 1847Ceresville - WoodsboroUnbuilt
Frederick and Smithsburg RoadMarch 2, 1848Frederick - LeitersburgUnbuilt
Weaverton and Boonsborough TurnpikeMarch 2, 1848Weverton - BoonsboroUnbuilt
Wills' Creek TurnpikeMarch 9, 1848Corriganville - PennsylvaniaUnbuilt
Mechanicstown, Harbaugh's Valley and Pennsylvania Line TurnpikeMarch 10, 1848Thurmont - Sabillasville - PennsylvaniaUnbuilt
Savage River RoadMarch 10, 1848Allegany CountyUnbuilt
Old Road TurnpikeFebruary 22, 1850Baltimore - Ellicott CityUnbuilt
Liberty and Franklin Plank or Turnpike Road
Later Gwinn's Falls Turnpike
February 27, 1850Unbuilt
Smithsburg and Beaver Creek TurnpikeMarch 6, 1850Boonsboro - Smithsburg - Blue Mountain - PennsylvaniaUnbuilt
Kellville and Joppa Cross Roads TurnpikeMarch 7, 1850Southeast to JoppaUnbuilt
Doughoregan and Montgomery Plank or Turnpike RoadMarch 9, 1850Point on the Baltimore and Frederick-town Turnpike - Glenelg - point on the Union Plank or Turnpike RoadUnbuilt
Harford TurnpikeMarch 9, 1850Conowingo - Bel AirUnbuilt
Bloomingdale TurnpikeMay 15, 1852Unbuilt
Williamsport and Mercersburg TurnpikeMay 26, 1852Williamsport - Pennsylvania (towards Mercersburg)Unbuilt
Frankville RoadMay 20, 1853Frankville - Accident - west of GrantsvilleUnbuilt
Frostburg and Westernport Plank RoadMay 24, 1853Frostburg - WesternportUnbuilt
Bel-Air and Hickory TurnpikeMay 26, 1853Bel Air - HickoryUnbuilt
Fairview and Funkstown TurnpikeMay 27, 1853Northeast of Williamsport - FunkstownUnbuilt
Knoxville and Middletown RoadMay 27, 1853Knoxville - MiddletownUnbuilt
Hillen RoadMarch 8, 1854Baltimore - TowsonUnbuilt
Hancock and Warfordsburg Turnpike or Plank RoadMarch 10, 1854Pennsylvania - HancockUnbuilt
Bel-Air and Lagrange TurnpikeMarch 10, 1854Bel Air - Lagrange Iron WorksUnbuilt
White Hall, Jarrettsville and La Grange TurnpikeMarch 10, 1854White Hall - Jarrettsville - Lagrange Iron WorksUnbuilt
Towsontown Plank RoadMarch 10, 1854Baltimore - TowsonUnbuilt
New Cut TurnpikeFebruary 10, 1858Unbuilt
Bel Air and Frogtown TurnpikeMarch 6, 1858Bel Air - FrogtownUnbuilt
Westernport and Frostburg TurnpikeFebruary 24, 1860Westernport - FrostburgUnbuilt
Western AvenueFebruary 25, 1860Baltimore - CatonsvilleUnbuilt
Carrollton AvenueFebruary 29, 1860Baltimore - Patapsco FallsUnbuilt
Libertytown and Ridgeville TurnpikeMarch 1, 1860Libertytown - Unionville - Mount AiryUnbuilt
Uniontown TurnpikeMarch 2, 1860Uniontown - "the completed terminus of the Westminster and Hagerstown Turnpike"Unbuilt
Rocks of Deer Creek TurnpikeMarch 2, 1860Rocks of Deer Creek - Little Gunpowder FallsUnbuilt
Howard and Montgomery TurnpikeMarch 6, 1860South of Ellicott City - Clarksville - UnityUnbuilt
Leitersburg and Ringold TurnpikeMarch 9, 1860Leitersburg - RinggoldUnbuilt
Woodsborough and Pipe Creek TurnpikeJanuary 25, 1864Woodsboro - Middleburg - Union BridgeUnbuilt
Dulany's Valley and Little Falls TurnpikeMarch 10, 1864Unbuilt
Magnolia and Stockton TurnpikeMarch 10, 1864Magnolia - StocktonUnbuilt
Monocacy and Montgomery TurnpikeMarch 23, 1865Monocacy National Battlefield - RockvilleUnbuilt
Union Bridge and Unionville Turnpike
Later Union Bridge Turnpike
February 7, 1866Union Bridge - UnionvilleUnbuilt, except for a short section at Union Bridge, sold to the Liberty and Pipe Creek Turnpike in 1872
Crumpton and Long Marsh TurnpikeFebruary 8, 1866Crumpton - Long MarshUnbuilt
Warren and My Lady's Manor TurnpikeFebruary 8, 1866Unbuilt
Ellicott's Mills and Elysville TurnpikeMarch 5, 1867Ellicott City - ElysvilleUnbuilt
Leitersburg and Smithsburg TurnpikeMarch 13, 1867Leitersburg - SmithsburgUnbuilt
Western Run and Reisterstown TurnpikeFebruary 18, 1868Cockeysville - ReisterstownUnbuilt
Deer Park TurnpikeMarch 3, 1868Unbuilt
Monrovia and Libertytown TurnpikeMarch 3, 1868Monrovia - LibertytownUnbuilt
Westminster and Oakland TurnpikeMarch 7, 1868Westminster - EldersburgUnbuilt
Wood Point and Broad Fording TurnpikeMarch 30, 1868Wood Point - PennsylvaniaUnbuilt
Prince George's County Central TurnpikeMarch 30, 1868District of Columbia - Queen AnneUnbuilt
District of Columbia, Upper Marlboro and Hill's Landing TurnpikeApril 4, 1870District of Columbia - Forestville - Centreville - Upper Marlboro - Hill's LandingUnbuilt
Westminster and Bird Hill TurnpikeApril 1, 1872Westminster - Bird HillUnbuilt
West Friendship and Linden TurnpikeApril 11, 1874West Friendship - LindenUnbuilt
Fallston TurnpikeApril 11, 1874White House - Fallston - MagnoliaUnbuilt
Uniontown and Linwood TurnpikeApril 8, 1876Uniontown - LinwoodUnbuilt
Unionville and Union Bridge TurnpikeMarch 20, 1878Unionville - Union BridgeUnbuilt
Annapolis Road TurnpikeApril 14, 1880Baltimore - AnnapolisUnbuilt

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Maryland State Archives, Session Laws, 1823, p. 18-19
  2. ^ Frederick County Circuit Court, Land Survey, Subdivision, and Condominium Plats, Land Records AF 11, pp. 506-507, Adamstown Turnpike Company, January 4, 1892