List of tourist attractions in Rome

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A view of Rome's colosseum and historic centre.
The Colosseum, Rome's second and the world's 39th most popular tourist attraction, with 4 million tourists a year.[1]

Rome is regarded as one of the world's most beautiful ancient cities,[2] and contains vast amounts of priceless works of art, palaces, museums, parks, churches, gardens, basilicas, temples, villas, piazzas, theatres, and other venues in general. As one of the world's most important and visited cities,[3] there are numerous popular tourist attractions. In 2005, the city received 19.5 million global visitors, up of 22.1% from 2001.[4] The 5 most visited places in Rome are: #1 The Colosseum (4 million tourists a year), #2 Pantheon (3.75 million tourists a year), #3 Trevi Fountain (3.5 million tourists a year), #4 Sistine Chapel (3 million tourists a year) and #5 The Roman Forum (2.5 million tourists a year). The study was conducted by the Italian Tourism Beureu.

Contents

List

Religious edifices

TypesBuildingPeriodDescriptionPicture
BasilicaSt Peter's Basilica16th centuryFound in the Vatican City, it is near where the Pope resides, and it is one of the most important centres for Christian pilgrimage, and is commonly regarded as the "home of the Roman Catholic Church", since it is where St Peter set up the first Christian Church.[5]SanPietroFacciata-SteO153.jpg
Basilica, CathedralBasilica of St John Lateran16th centuryThe official ecclesiastical seat of the bishop of Rome (pope), its a major tourist attraction in the city, and Rome's cathedralFacade San Giovanni in Laterano 2006-09-07.jpg
BasilicaBasilica di Santa Maria Maggioreancient Rome, 15th-16th centuryAnother exceedingly important Roman Catholic church in the city, it is also one of the four basilicas of the city, a Marian church, and a papal church too.Piazza Esquilino, Santa Maria Maggiore.JPG
BasilicaBasilica of Saint Paul Outside the WallsRomanesque, medievalAnother of the four great basilicas of Rome, too a very important and visited religious building.Roma San Paolo fuori le mura BW 1.JPG
BasilicaBasilica di San Lorenzo fuori le MuraPaleochristian, romanesqueA smaller basilica, it is an ancient paleo-Christian one, with ancient interiorsSan Lorenzo fuori le mura - facade.jpg
BasilicaSant'Andrea della Valle16th-17th centuries, Baroque, RenaissanceLocated in the Sant'Eustachio rione of Rome, it is known for its ornate Baroque/Renaissance facade, and rich interiorSant Andrea della Valle Roma.jpg
BasilicaSanta Maria in Trastevere4th century Paleo-Christian architectureOne of the oldest churches in the city, opened in the mid-4th century AD, it is a minor titular basilica in the Trastevere quarter. is 1880s as a church to serve Rome's Church of England community, it has an English neo-Gothic appearance, yet, it is sculpted in Italian marble.Santa Maria in Trastevere Nave.jpg
BasilicaSanta Maria sopra MinervaGothic, Renaissance, 19th century facade and stained-glass windowsA minor titular basilica, the Basilica of Santa Maria sopra Minerva is an example of Roman Gothic architecture. It has a 19th century facade, and also a Gothic interior, with an ancient nave.Santa Maria sopra Minerva 2002-11.jpg
Roman Catholic ChurchSan Pietro in Montorio ("Tempietto")16th-17th centuries Renaissance architectureOne of the city's several churches, the San Pietro in Montorio is well known for its "Tempietto", a small circular martyrium designed to look like a classical temple by Donato Bramante, which is found in the church's courtyard.Tempietto mit Glockenturm.jpg
BasilicaSanti Giovanni e Paololate-4th century Paleo-ChristianAnother of the city's ancient churches, it was founded in 498 AD. It is well known for its lavish interior, notably its chandeliers (the ones at present are believed to date back to the 18th century).Roma-sangiovanniepaolo01.jpg
Roman Catholic ChurchSanta Cecilia in Trastevere5th century, Paleo-Christian, Baroque 18th century facadeAnother ancient church in the city, it is dedicated to Saint Cecilia. It has a Baroque facade cosntructed by Ferdinando Fuga in 1725.048SCeciliaTrastevere.jpg
Anglican ChurchAll Saints'late-19th century neo-gothic architectureFounded in the 1880s as a church to serve Rome's Church of England community, it has an English neo-Gothic appearance, yet, it is sculpted in Italian marble.Campo Marzio - All Saints' Church 3.jpg
SynagogueGreat Synagogue of Romeearly 20th century, eclectic architecture with slight neo-classical and Jewish influencesThe biggest and main synagogue of Rome, it provided a place of worship to the city's Jewish community ever since 1901-1904, when the current eclectic edifice was constructedSynagogue Rome NE.jpg
MosqueMosque of Rome1990s, built in traditional middle-eastern Islamic styleFinished in 1995, the Mosque of Rome is the biggest in Europe, even surpassing the Great Mosque of Paris, and is an important centre amongst Rome's growing Muslim communityMoschea - sala principale 00531.JPG

Secular edifices, parks, public spaces and monuments

TypesBuildingPeriodDescriptionPicture
Chapel, art gallerySistine Chapel16th centuryFound too in the Vatican City, it contains a huge collection of several paintings from all periods, and is Rome's leading and most visited chapel. In 2007, the chapel received 3 million visitors,[6] making it Rome's most popular chapel.Musei Vaticani. Braccio Nuovo.JPG
FountainTrevi Fountain18th century, Roman BaroqueOne of the most recognizable and iconic monuments in the city, the Trevi Fountain was designed and completed in the 18th century. Several tourists come to the fountain in order to throw a coin, which is, according to a local legend, supposed to bring good luck. It was also famous for having featured in a major scene of Federico Fellini's 1960 La Dolce Vita.Trevi fountain lamp.jpg
Flight of stairs and public squareSpanish Steps and Piazza di Spagna18th century, BaroqueOne of the city's top attractions, the flight of 138 stairs is the biggest in Europe.[7] They are topped by the Trinita dei Monti church, and below there is the large Piazza di Spagna. The Piazza di Spagna is also a major shopping destination in the city, and hosts several designer boutiques such as Missoni.Rom Spanish Steps BW 1.JPG
StreetVia dei CondottiMixture, notably 16th, 17th and 18th century architectureRome's leading shopping street, it contains a wide category of high-fashion or haute-couture boutiques and salons, such as Valentino, Bulgari, Gucci, Dolce & Gabbana, Zara, Louis Vuitton, Chanel, Giorgio Armani, Prada and Dior, the headquarters, ateliers or major offices of major flaghsip labels such as, and also several of the city's finest restaurants, cafes, antique shops and bars.Piazza di Spagna.jpg
StreetVia del CorsoComplete mixtureOne of Rome's busiest, biggest and most important streets, the Via del Corso used to be called the Via Lata. It is one of the very few streets in the city to be completely straight, and contains several monuments, palaces, hotels, restaurants, shops and other forms of commerce in general.Roma, vista 04 via del corso.JPG
SquarePiazza del Popolo19th century neoclassicismA fine example of early Roman neoclassical architecture, the name means "Square of the people", yet its real name derives from the poplar trees which used to line the square. It contains several status, an obelisk and the Santa Maria del Popolo church.Rome-Piazza del Popolo-Obélisque et églises Santa Maria.jpg
Shopping galleryGalleria Alberto Sordiearly-20th century Art NouveauConstructed in Art Nouveau, or Liberty style in 1914, the Galleria Alberto Sordi is an arcaded shopping gallery, similar in style to the Galleria Vittorio Emanuele II in Milan, and it contains several shops, cafes, bookstores and boutiques.Galleria Alberto Sordi 2918-20.JPG
Street, talking fountainVia del Babuino and il Babuino speaking fountainMixture, notably pre-19th centuryAnother of Rome's top shopping streets, it too contains some major fashion boutiques, including Gente, Etro, Emporio Armani and Prada Casual, but also several young designer-wear and knitwear stores, antique shops and jewelers. The street also contains il babuino, one of Rome's speaking fountains (a fountain where several people discuss and voice their political and social ideas). Once, the fountain was covered with political graffiti and different notices, messages and placards, yet, all of this has been removed and anti-graffiti paint has been sprayed around the fountain, since several complained that all the messages and slogans were ruining the appearance of the street. Via del Babuino also contains the Church of England All Saints Church, for Rome's Anglican community.Campo Marzio - Palazzo Sterbini 2.JPG
StreetVia VenetoMixture, notably 18th and 19th century architecture, and significant Art Nouveau buildingsOne of the city's most expensive, famous and luxurious streets, it was epitomised in the 1950s and 60s in Federico Fellini's 1960 La Dolce Vita. Today, it contains several exclusive apartments, grand hotels and elegant shops.Via Veneto.jpg
Public squarePiazza Colonna16th century Renaissance, including some Baroque 18th and 19th century buildingsOriginally an ancient Roman square, it currently is flocked by fine Renaissance palazzi and is centred by the ancient Roman Column of Marcus Aurelius. It contains several important governmental and political structures, such as the Palazzo Chigi, the seat of the government of Italy and originally the official embassy of Austria-Hungary.PiazzaColonna.jpg
SquarePiazza NavonaRelative mixture, predominantly 15th, 16th and 17th century Renaissance and Baroque architectureOne of the city's best known squares, or piazzas, it is known for its impressive Renaissance and Baroque architecture, several fine buildings, monuments and churches, and numerous open-air bars, pizzerias, restaurants, cafes, stalls and artists.Piazza Navona, Rome, Italy in 2006.jpg
Palace, legal and governmental buildingPalazzo di Giustizia ("Palazzaccio")late-19th century, early 20th century neo-Renaissance architectureStarted in 1889 and completed in 1910, the Palazzo di Giustizia (literally, "Palace of Justice") currently hosts Italy's main law courts. These courts are stituated in a grand turn-of-the-century neo-Renaissance palace.002PalazzoGiustiziaRoma.JPG
Square, fountainPiazza della Repubblica and the Fontana delle NaidiEclectic, mainly 18th – early-20th century neoclassical architectureWith a semi-circular formation, this piazza is one of the city's finest neoclassical public squares. Today, the buildings surrounding the square host offices, companies, restaurants, banks and insurance and travel agencies. The middle of the square contains the Fontana delle Naidi, made in 1911 and showing fierce sea-nymphs.Piazza della repubblica hdr.jpg
CafeAntico Caffè Greco18th century decorA historic and ancient cafe, it was founded in 1760 in the Via dei Condotti, it has 18th and 19th century interior decor. It has hosted several intellectuals and important foreigners, such as Lord Byron, Goethe, Liszt and Keats.PI5190Via Condetti~1.JPG
Villa, art gallery, park and gardenVilla Borghese and the Villa Borghese gardens16th-17th centuriesThe main villa of the city, once owned by the noble Borghese family and later the Bonapartes (Pauline Bonaparte), it currently is one of Rome's top artistic galleries, and also contains a major park, with several lakes, features, and follies.Villa Borghese - laghetto 01206-8.JPG
Museums and public squareCapitoline Museums and the Piazza del Campidoglio15th-16th century Renaissance architectureFound in the Piazza del Campidoglio on the Capitol Hill, the square and the museums were designed by Michelangelo in 1471. Today, they mainly host ancient Roman and Greek sculptures and works of art. The Piazza del Campidoglio is renowned for its symmetrical Renaissance architecture, and also hosts the Rome city hall.Roma campidoglio notte bianca 2006.jpg
Public monumentMonument of Vittorio Emanuele IIearly-20th century, neo-classical styleBuilt in the early 20th century, the Monument, also called the "Altare della Patria" (Altar of the homeland), is one of Rome's most notable monuments. Built in a neo-classical style, with a grandiose flight of stairs and colonnade, it is a controversial monument – its grandeur and pomp has made it often receive the names of "giant type-writer", "wedding-cake" and "zuppa inglese" (an Italian dessert).Rom 01 (RaBoe).jpg
Market-square, open spaceCampo dei FioriEclectic, notably late-13th, 14th, 15th and 16th century buildingsLiterally meaning "flower field", due to its status once as a meadow, this public square has for centuries – and still does – serve as an important market-place, and the piazza is flocked with several Medieval and Renaissance palaces and churches.Roma Campo de Fiori BW 1.JPG
Business, public and residential districtEsposizione Universale Roma (EUR)Notably mid-20th century Fascist, late-neoclassical and modernist architectureIntended to be the district to host Rome's Universal Exposition, which in the end, never occurred, it was built by Benito Mussolini in the 1930s and 40s, and used to be called the E42. It is often considered one of the best examples of planned Fascist architecture, and is often considered one of the most serene and livable quarters of the city, yet its austere architecture has often arisen to much controversy.Roma-eurpalazzoina01.jpg
Palace, political building and residencePalazzo del Quirinale16th-18th centuriesThe official residence of the President of the Italian Republic, the Qurinial Palace is built in a Renaissance/Baroque architectural style, and boasts elegant Renaissance gardens and a lavish interior.146PalazzoQuirinale.JPG
Villa and museumVilla Giulia and the National Etruscan Museum16th century RenaissanceFound by Pope Julius II in the 1550s, the Villa Giulia is a Renaissance villa, which inside hosts the National Etruscan Museum, filled with several Etruscan and Classical treasures.Villa Giulia modified.jpg
Museum, art galleryGalleria Doria PamphiljRoman BaroqueOne of Rome's biggest and most significant private artistic collections, it is currently, and has been owned, by the family of the same name for centuries.Roma-palazzodoriapamphili.jpg
Ex-mausoleum, later castle and current museumCastel Sant'Angeloancient Roman, medieval, RenaissanceOnce the "Mausoleum of Hadrian", it later became a papal residence and currently hosts a major museum.Castel S AngeloJanuary2004.jpg
Academy, palace, museum and art galleryPalazzo Corsini and the Accademia dell'Arcadia18th century late-Baroque/RococoBuilt by the Corsini family in the 1730s and 40s, it hosts an art academy and gallery.Trastevere - palazzo Corsini quadreria trompe-l'oeil 1060811.JPG
PalacePalazzo BarberiniRenaissance/early-BaroqueThis palace, or palazzo is one of the greatest examples of Roman Renaissance and early-Baroque architecture. It was made in the 16th century, and is known for its staircasePalazzo Barberini, Roma.jpg
Museum, art gallery, exhibition centreNational Museum of RomeArt-Nouveau/Neo-classical, late-19th century architectureThe National Museum of Rome, founded in 1890, is one of the city's main museums, and is a leading centre of expositions and the arts.Villa Borghese - Fontane Oscure e Galleria Nazionale Arte moderna 01216-7.JPG

Classical and ancient Roman sites

TypesBuildingPeriodDescriptionPicture
AmphitheatreColosseumancient RomanArguably one of Rome's most famous and iconic monuments, it is one of the Roman world's biggest amphitheatres and is one of the city's most visited attractions. It is regarded as being a wonder of the medieval world[8][9]Colosseum in Rome, Italy - April 2007.jpg
Roman ForumRoman Forumancient RomanThe Forum of ancient Rome, and the centre of the city's politics and business at the time.Forum Romanum April 2007.jpg
TemplePantheonancient RomanIt is a classical building in the city, originally built by Marcus Agrippa as a temple to all the gods of Ancient Rome, and rebuilt in the early 2nd century AD. A near-contemporary writer, Cassius Dio, speculates that the name comes from the statues of many gods placed around the building, or from the resemblance of the dome to the heavens.[10]Pantheon novembre 2004.jpg

See also

References

  1. ^ http://www.itvnews.tv/Blog/Blog/the-50-most-visited-places.html
  2. ^ "10 of the World's Most Beautiful Ancient Cities | WebEcoist | Green Living". WebEcoist. http://webecoist.com/2009/06/03/10-of-the-worlds-most-beautiful-ancient-cities/. Retrieved 2009-10-17.
  3. ^ Caroline Bremner. "Top 150 City Destinations London Leads the Way". Euromonitor International. http://www.euromonitor.com/Top_150_City_Destinations_London_Leads_the_Way. Retrieved 2008-11-09.
  4. ^ Rapporto Censis 2006
  5. ^ http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/11744a.htm
  6. ^ Dossier Musei 2008 - Touring Club Italiano
  7. ^ Boyer Gillies, Linda (February 1972). "An Eighteenth-Century Roman View Panini's Scalinata della Trinità dei Monti". The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 30 (4): 176–184. doi:10.2307/3258528.
  8. ^ I H Evans (reviser), Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase and Fable (Centenary edition Fourth impression (corrected); London: Cassell, 1975), page 1163
  9. ^ Francis Trevelyan Miller, Woodrow Wilson, William Howard Taft, Theodore Roosevelt. America, the Land We Love (1915), page 201.
  10. ^ Quoted in MacDonald, William (2002). The Pantheon: design, meaning, and progeny (2 ed.). Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. p. 76. ISBN 978-0-674-01019-2.