List of the oldest newspapers

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A 1609 title page of the German Relation, the world's first newspaper (first published in 1605)[1]
A 2000 German postage stamp commemorating the 350th anniversary of Einkommende Zeitungen, the first daily newspaper.

This list of the oldest newspapers sorts the newspapers of the world by the date of their first publication. The earliest newspapers date to China where newspapers were printed using wooden plates with news carved on it. In 17th-century Europe printed periodicals rapidly began to replace hand-written news letters. The emergence of the new media branch has to be seen in close connection with the simultaneous spread of the printing press from which the publishing press derives its name.[2] In July 2010 The Times published its 70,000th issue. Although it is not the oldest newspaper in the world, it is the only one to have reached that number.[3]

Definition[edit]

Newspapers − apart from being printed − are typically expected to meet four criteria:[4]

By region[edit]

Europe[edit]

Avisa Relation oder Zeitung, the second oldest newspaper
Ordinari Post Tijdender, the world's oldest newspaper still published (since 1645).
DateNewspaperLanguagePlaceCountry/RegionNotes
1605[5]Relation aller Fürnemmen und gedenckwürdigen HistorienGermanStrasbourgHoly Roman EmpireWorld's first newspaper[1]
1609[5]Avisa Relation oder ZeitungGermanWolfenbüttelHoly Roman Empire
1610[5]Name not given in sourceGermanBaselSwiss Confederacy[6]
1615[5]Name not given in sourceGermanFrankfurtHoly Roman Empire
1617[5]Name not given in sourceGermanBerlinHoly Roman Empire
1618[5]Courante uyt Italien, Duytslandt, &c.DutchAmsterdamDutch Republic [7]Considered the world's first broadsheet because it was published in folio instead of quarto-size size. Defunct 1664
1620Nieuwe TijdinghenDutchAntwerpSpanish NetherlandsMay have been published as early as 1605.[citation needed] Defunct 1629
1631[8][9]La GazetteFrenchParisFranceFirst French-language newspaper and first weekly magazine published in France. Existed between May 30, 1631 and September 30, 1915.[8]
1641GazetaCatalanBarcelonaSpainFirst Catalan-language newspaper and first periodical published in Iberian Peninsula. Only two issues were published.
1645Ordinari Post TijdenderSwedishStockholmSwedenOldest still published newspaper in the world. Online-only since 2007.[10]
1656[11]Weeckelycke Courante van EuropaDutchHaarlemDutch RepublicThe name was changed to Oprechte Haerlemsche Courant in 1664. The newspaper merged with the Haarlems Dagblad in 1942, which is still published.
1661[12]La GazetaSpanishMadridKingdom of SpainUntil 2008 December, oldest print edition still published in the world, under the name "Boletín Oficial del Estado". From 2009, only online edition.
1661[11]Merkuriusz Polski OrdynaryjnyPolishKrakówPolish–Lithuanian CommonwealthMoved to Warsaw in May 1661, last issues published 22 July 1661.
1664[13][14]Gazzetta di MantovaItalianMantuaDuchy of Mantua, Holy Roman EmpireOldest private newspaper still published in the world, and oldest continuously published in print.
1665[15]Oxford GazetteEnglishOxfordEnglandFrom issue 24 in 1666, the paper was printed in London and renamed London Gazette;[16] this is still published.
1702Daily CourantEnglishLondonEnglandWorld first daily newspaper.[citation needed] Last issue in 1735, when it merged with the Daily Gazetteer.
1702VedomostiRussianMoscowRussiaMoved to St. Petersburg in 1711, in 1728 renamed Sankt-Petersburgskie Vedomosti, in 1914 renamed Petrogradskie Vedomosti. Last issue in 1917.
1703Wiener ZeitungGermanViennaAustriaStill published
1704The ReviewEnglishLondonEnglandFounded by Daniel Defoe in 1704 as A Review of the Affairs of France. The Review ran three times a week without interruption until 1713.
1705Hildesheimer Relations-CourierGermanHildesheimGermanyOldest surviving newspaper in Germany, nowadays published as Hildesheimer Allgemeine Zeitung
1705Mercurius HungaricusHungarianHungaryHungaryOldest Hungarian newspaper, written in Latin, it had 7 issues and last printed in 1710[17]
1709The TatlerEnglishLondonKingdom of Great BritainFounded by Richard Steele. Last issue in 1711.
1709The Worcester Post-ManEnglishWorcesterKingdom of Great BritainPublished since 1753 as Berrow's Worcester Journal.[18] No evidence for claimed publication since 1690.[19]
1710The ExaminerEnglishLondonKingdom of Great BritainBest known for the contributions by Jonathan Swift. Last issue in 1714.
1711The SpectatorEnglishLondonKingdom of Great BritainFounded by Joseph Addison in 1711. Last issue in 1712.
1719The Daily PostEnglishLondonKingdom of Great BritainFounded by Daniel Defoe in 1719. The post consisted of articles that spoke of current events, important dates, inventions, advances in modern sciences, and other things of that nature.
1719[20]Pražské poštovské novinyCzechPragueKingdom of BohemiaWeekly newspaper, defunct.
1731Gentleman's MagazineEnglishLondonEnglandPublished until 1922. First to use the term magazine. Samuel Johnson's first regular employment as a writer was with The Gentleman's Magazine.
1734Lloyd's ListEnglishLondonEnglandNow online-only.[21] Now covering shipping news, marine insurance and global trade. Oldest English-language daily newspaper still in existence
1735Gazzetta di ParmaItalianParmaDuchy of ParmaStill published. First publishing date uncertain; oldest printed issue perhaps dated from April 19, 1735.
1737The Belfast News LetterEnglishBelfastKingdom of IrelandStill published.
1738[22]Feuille d’Avis de NeuchâtelFrenchNeuchâtelSwiss ConfederacyStill published - oldest French-language daily newspaper still in existence
1747The Press and JournalEnglishAberdeenUnited KingdomStill published
1749BerlingskeDanishCopenhagenDenmark–NorwayStill published. Originally titled Kjøbenhavnske Danske Post-Tidender
1752Leeuwarder CourantDutchLeeuwardenThe NetherlandsStill published. Originally titled Leeuwarder Saturdagse Courant. The newspaper also publish articles in Frisian.
1758Norrköpings TidningarSwedishNorrköpingSwedenStill published. Originally published weekly as Norrköpings Weko-Tidningar
1761Nassau-Saarbrückisches WochenblattGermanSaarbrückenNassau-SaarbrückenStill published as Saarbrücker Zeitung.
1767AdresseavisenNorwegianTrondheimDenmark–NorwayStill published. Originally titled Kongelig allene privilegerede Trondheims Adresse-Contoirs Efterretninger
1767Finns Leinster JournalEnglishKilkennyKingdom of Ireland
1772Fyens StiftstidendeDanishOdenseDenmark-NorwayStill published. Originally titled Kongelig Privilegerede Odense Adresse-Contoirs Efterretninger
1783The HeraldEnglishGlasgowUnited KingdomStill published
1785The TimesEnglishLondonUnited KingdomStill published
1791The ObserverEnglishLondonUnited KingdomThe world's first Sunday newspaper. Still published.
1794Århus StiftstidendeDanishDenmark-NorwayÅrhusStill published. Originally titled Aarhus Stifts-Tidende.
1817The ScotsmanEnglishEdinburghUnited KingdomStill published
1821The GuardianEnglishManchesterUnited KingdomOriginally known as 'The Manchester Guardian'. Still published.
1824Åbo UnderrättelserSwedishÅboFinlandStill published.
1826Le FigaroFrenchParisFranceStill published
1829Curierul RomânescRomanianBucharestRomaniaFounded by Ion Heliade Rădulescu in April 1829. Last issue in 1859.
1829Albina RomâneascăRomanianIașiRomaniaFounded by Gheorghe Asachi in 1829. Last issue in 1850.
1831Takvim-i VekayiTurkishIstanbulOttoman EmpireAlso, Takvim-i Vekayi produced Armenian, Greek and Arabic language editions. Closed in 1891.
1835O Açoriano OrientalPortuguesePonta Delgada, AzoresPortugalStill published[23]
1843News of the WorldEnglishLondonUnited KingdomPublished by News International which announced the closure of the newspaper on 7 July 2011, after the phone hacking scandal.
1844Nieuwe Rotterdamsche CourantDutchRotterdamThe NetherlandsStill published. The Nieuwe Rotterdamsche Courant (NRC) merged in 1970 with Algemeen Handelsblad (founded in 1828) into the NRC Handelsblad.
1846L'IndépendantFrenchPerpignanFranceStill published.
1853Faro de VigoSpanishVigoSpainStill published. Oldest newspaper still published in Spain[24]
1854Surrey CometEnglishLondonUnited KingdomStill published[25]
1855The Daily TelegraphEnglishLondonUnited KingdomStill published
1855A Aurora do LimaPortugueseViana do CasteloPortugalStill published[26]
1859Le ProgrèsFrenchLyonFranceStill published.
1859La NazioneItalianFlorenceGrand Duchy of TuscanyStill published
1861[27]L'Osservatore RomanoItalianVatican CityPapal StatesL'Osservatore Romano is the "semi-official"[28] newspaper of the Holy See.
1863Church TimesEnglishLondonEnglandStill published.[29] The Church Times is an independent Anglican weekly newspaper.
1870La Dépêche du MidiFrenchToulouseFranceStill published.
1873Richmond and Twickenham TimesEnglishLondonEnglandStill published.[30] The Richmond and Twickenham Times is a weekly London newspaper.
1877Dernières Nouvelles d'AlsaceFrenchStrasbourgFranceStill published.
1881The Evening NewsEnglishLondonEnglandConsidered the first popular newspaper in London. Published until 1980, and briefly again in 1987.
1882El Pireneo AragonésSpanishJacaSpainStill published. First number April 23, 1882. Oldest Aragonese newspaper still published in the Autonomous Community of Aragon.[31]
1888Financial TimesEnglishLondonUnited KingdomStill published.
1889L'Est RépublicainFrenchNancyFranceStill published.
1891Gazet van AntwerpenDutchAntwerpFlanders, BelgiumStill published
1891[32]La Nuova SardegnaItalianSassariKingdom of ItalyStill published
1893Lidové NovinyCzechBrnoMoravia (Lands of the Bohemian Crown), Austria-HungaryStill published today in Prague the Czech Republic, familiarly known as Lidovky.
1893De TelegraafDutchAmsterdamThe NetherlandsStill published. It is the largest newspaper in The Netherlands.
1895Heraldo de AragónSpanishZaragozaSpainFounded on September 20, 1895. Still published, familiarly know as Heraldo.
1896Daily MailEnglishLondonEnglandSecond popular newspaper by Lord Northcliffe. Considered to have brought on a major change in the English newspaper market[33] and started the trend for popular mass journalism.[34] Still published.

Americas[edit]

First issue of the New England Courant, the oldest newspaper in the Americas
First edition of Diario de Pernambuco, the oldest continuously circulating daily in Latin America (since 1825)
DateNewspaperLanguagePlaceCountry/RegionNotes
1704The Boston News-LetterEnglishBoston, MassachusettsThirteen ColoniesDefunct
1721The New-England CourantEnglishBoston, MassachusettsThirteen ColoniesDefunct
1722La Gaceta de MéxicoSpanishMexico CityNew SpainDefunct; first paper published in Latin America
1752Halifax GazetteEnglishCity of Halifax, Nova ScotiaBritish North AmericaDefunct; first paper in Canada
1756The New Hampshire GazetteEnglishNew HampshireThirteen ColoniesStill published; oldest extant North American paper
1764Quebec Chronicle-TelegraphEnglish
Formerly bilingual French-English
Québec, QuebecBritish North AmericaStill published; oldest surviving North American paper with continuous corporate existence
1764The Hartford CourantEnglishHartford, ConnecticutThirteen ColoniesStill published
1778The Montreal GazetteEnglish since 1822
(Formerly French, it became bilingual French-English in the late 1700s)
MontrealProvince of QuebecStill published
1785The Augusta ChronicleEnglishAugusta, GeorgiaUnited StatesStill published
1785The Poughkeepsie JournalEnglishPoughkeepsie, New YorkUnited StatesStill Published. In 1788, the editor of the Journal was the official reporter of the ratification of the United States Constitution by New York in that year. The paper also served as a launching point of stories during the Franklin D. Roosevelt administration when the then-President was at his estate in nearby Hyde Park.
1786Daily Hampshire GazetteEnglishNorthampton, MassachusettsUnited StatesStill published
1786Pittsburgh Post-GazetteEnglishPittsburgh, PennsylvaniaUnited StatesStill published
1789The Berkshire EagleEnglishPittsfield, MassachusettsUnited StatesStill published
1792The RecorderEnglishGreenfield, MassachusettsUnited StatesStill published
1794Rutland HeraldEnglishRutland, VermontUnited StatesStill published. The Herald is the oldest family-owned newspaper in continuous operation, published under the same name in the same city, in the United States.
1796Norwich BulletinEnglishNorwich, ConnecticutUnited StatesStill published
1792The Keene SentinelEnglishKeene, New HampshireUnited StatesStill published
1801New York PostEnglishNew York City, New YorkUnited StatesStill published
1803The Post and CourierEnglishCharleston, South CarolinaUnited StatesStill published
1812Aurora de ChileSpanishSantiago de ChileChileDefunct. First newspaper of the country.
1825El PeruanoSpanishLimaPeruStill published
1825Diario de PernambucoPortugueseRecifeBrazilStill published. Oldest continuously circulating daily newspaper in Latin America[35] and oldest continuously circulating periodical edited in Portuguese.
1825The Monroe NewsEnglishMonroe, MichiganUnited StatesStill published. The same paper has been through several name changes in its history but remains the same print product. Today, the Monroe Publishing Company is among the 10 largest employers in Monroe, MI.
1827El Mercurio de ValparaísoSpanishValparaíso, ValparaísoChileStill published. Oldest continuously circulating periodical, published under the same name, in Spanish.
1827Jornal do CommercioPortugueseRio de Janeiro, Rio de JaneiroBrazilStill published.
1829The Philadelphia InquirerEnglishPhiladelphia, PennsylvaniaUnited StatesStill published
1829The Post-StandardEnglishSyracuse, New YorkUnited StatesStill published
1837The PicayuneEnglishNew Orleans, LAUnited StatesStill published today on a tri-weekly schedule as The Times Picayune. Has gone through several name changes over the years as The Picayune merged with other local papers.
1839El ComercioSpanishLimaPeruStill published
1842The Plain DealerEnglishCleveland, OhioUnited StatesStill published
1844The Globe and MailEnglishToronto, OntarioCanadaStill published
1845The Stanstead JournalEnglishStanstead, QuebecCanadaStill published
1845Ottawa CitizenEnglishOttawa, OntarioCanadaStill published
1846The Hamilton SpectatorEnglishHamilton, OntarioCanadaStill published
1846The Victoria AdvocateEnglishVictoria, TexasUnited StatesStill published
1846Vineyard GazetteEnglishEdgartown, MassachusettsMartha's VineyardStill published
1847Chicago TribuneEnglishChicago, IllinoisUnited StatesStill published
1849The London Free PressEnglishLondon, OntarioCanadaStill published
1849The Santa Fe New MexicanEnglishSanta Fe, New MexicoUnited StatesStill published
1850Deseret NewsEnglishSalt Lake City, UtahUnited StatesStill published
1851The New York TimesEnglishNew York, New YorkUnited StatesStill published
1852The Wheeling IntelligencerEnglishWheeling, West VirginiaUnited StatesStill published
1852The CasketEnglish
(Formerly Gaelic)
Antigonish, Nova ScotiaCanadaStill Published
1853Guelph MercuryEnglishGuelph, OntarioCanadaStill published
1854The Daily CitizenEnglishSearcyArkansasStill published [25]
1857The Sacramento BeeEnglishSacramento, CaliforniaUnited StatesStill published
1859Rocky Mountain NewsEnglishDenver, ColoradoUnited StatesPublished from April 23, 1859 to February 27, 2009.
1862Telegraph-JournalEnglishSaint John, New BrunswickCanadaStill published
1865San Antonio Express-NewsEnglishSan Antonio, TexasUnited StatesStill Published
1865San Francisco ChronicleEnglishSan Francisco, CaliforniaUnited StatesStill Published
1867The Spencer MagnetEnglishTaylorsville, KYUnited StatesStill Published
1868The Atlanta Journal-ConstitutionEnglishAtlanta, GeorgiaUnited StatesStill published
1868Times & TranscriptEnglishMoncton, New BrunswickCanadaStill published
1870La DiscusiónSpanishChillán, Bío BíoChileStill published
1870The guardianEnglishCharlottetown, Prince Edward IslandCanadaStill published
1870Tucson CitizenEnglishTucson, ArizonaUnited StatesStill published
1871The Salt Lake TribuneEnglishSalt Lake City, UtahUnited StatesStill published
1873The Belleville TelescopeEnglishBelleville, KansasUnited StatesStill published
1874Nanaimo Daily NewsEnglishNanaimo, British ColumbiaCanadaStill published
1874The Chronicle HeraldEnglishHalifax, Nova ScotiaCanadaStill published
1875Estado de São PauloPortugueseSão PauloBrazilStill published.
1875The Southern CrossSpanish EnglishBuenos AiresArgentinaStill published. Monthly.
1876Diario Oficial de la República de ChileSpanishSantiago de ChileChileStill published
1879The TelegramEnglishSaint John's, Newfoundland and LabradorCanadaStill published
1879The Times LeaderEnglishWilkes-Barre, PennsylvaniaUnited StatesStill published
1878St. Louis Post-DispatchEnglishSt. Louis, MissouriUnited StatesStill published
1878Waterloo Region RecordEnglishKitchener, OntarioCanadaStill published
1880Albuquerque JournalEnglishAlbuquerque, New MexicoUnited StatesStill published
1880The Kansas City StarEnglishKansas City, MissouriUnited StatesStill published
1881El Paso TimesEnglishEl Paso, TexasUnited StatesStill published
1881El Paso Herald-PostEnglishEl Paso, TexasUnited States1881-1997
1881Las Cruces Sun-NewsEnglishLas Cruces, New MexicoUnited StatesStill published
1882El SurSpanishConcepción, Bío BíoChileStill published
1883Calgary HeraldEnglishCalgary, AlbertaCanadaStill published
1883Regina Leader-PostEnglishRegina, SaskatchewanCanadaStill published
1884La PresseFrenchMontreal, QuebecCanadaStill published
1884Times ColonistEnglishVictoria, British ColumbiaCanadaStill published
1885Omaha World-HeraldEnglishOmaha, NebraskaUnited StatesStill published
1886Lögberg-HeimskringlaEnglishWinnipeg, ManitobaCanadaStill published. English and formerly Icelandic
1886La PrensaSpanishCuricó, MauleChileTemporarily ceased publication 1886–98. Still in publication since then.
1888The Windsor StarEnglishWindsor, OntarioCanadaStill published
1889Moose Jaw Times-HeraldEnglishMoose Jaw, SaskatchewanCanadaStill published
1889Listín DiarioSpanishSanto DomingoDominican RepublicStill published. Oldest newspaper in the Dominican Republic and on the island of Hispaniola. Its also one of the oldest newspapers in the Caribbean.
1889The Wall Street JournalEnglishNew York, New YorkUnited StatesStill published.
1891Jornal do BrasilPortugueseRio de Janeiro, Rio de JaneiroBrazilStill published. Print editions ceased in 2010. Currently only an online newspaper.
1891Truro Daily NewsEnglishTruro, Nova ScotiaCanadaStill published
1891Los Angeles TimesEnglishLos Angeles, CaliforniaUnited StatesStill published
1891The Chilliwack ProgressEnglishChilliwack, British ColumbiaCanadaStill published
1892The Denver PostEnglishDenver, ColoradoUnited StatesStill published
1893The WaveEnglishRockaway Beach, New YorkUnited StatesStill published
1895Correio do PovoPortuguesePorto Alegre, Rio Grande do SulBrazilStill published. Stopped publishing in 1984 and resumed in 1986.
1896Le SoleilFrenchQuebec City, QuebecCanadaStill published
1898The ProvinceEnglishVancouver, British ColumbiaCanadaStill published
1898Le NouvellisteFrenchPort-au-PrinceHaitiStill Published

Africa[edit]

The French established the first newspaper in Africa in Mauritius in 1773.

DateNewspaperLanguagePlaceCountry/RegionNotes
1773Annonces, Affiches et Avis Divers pour les Colonies des Isles de France et de BourbonFrenchIsle de FranceMauritiusFirst newspaper in Mauritius. Published weekly from 1773-01-13 to at least 1790 by the Nicolas Lambert in Mauritius.
1800Cape Town Gazette and African AdvertiserEnglish, DutchCape TownBritish South AfricaFirst newspaper in South Africa. Published weekly from 1800-08-16 to at least 1829 by the British Government in South Africa.
1824South African Commercial AdvertiserEnglish, DutchCape TownBritish South AfricaFirst privately run newspaper in South Africa. Numbers 1 to 18 were published weekly from 1824-01-07 to 1824-05-10. numbers 19 to 135 were printed from 1825-08-31 to 1827-03-10 and numbers 136 and onward were printed from 1828 to-10-03 to 1853. Originally edited by the printer George Greig who soon relinquished editing control to Thomas Pringle and John Fairbairn. Pringle left the paper after number 19.
1824South African JournalEnglishCape TownBritish South AfricaA bimonthly journal edited by Thomas Pringle and John Fairbairn. Published from 1824-03-05 to 1824-05-07.
1824Nederduitsche Zuid-Afrikaanse TydschriftDutchCape TownBritish South AfricaA bimonthly journal edited by Reverend Abraham Faure. It was the Dutch partner to the South African Journal. Published from 1824-04-04.
1824The South African Chronicle and Mercantile AdvertiserEnglish, DutchCape TownBritish South AfricaPrinted weekly from 1824-08-18 to 1826-12-26. Printed by William Bridekirk and edited by A. J. Jardine.
1826The New OrganEnglish, DutchCape TownBritish South AfricaOnly one edition printed on 1826-01-06. Printed by George Greig and edited by John Fairbairn.
1827De VersamelaarEnglish, DutchCape TownBritish South AfricaPrinted weekly from 1827-01-07 until between 1829-01-27 to 1835. Edited by J. Duasso de Lima and printed by William Bridekirk.
1827The ColonistEnglish, DutchCape TownBritish South AfricaPrinted weekly from 1827-11-22 to 1828-09-30 by William Bridekirk and then George Greig and edited by William Beddy.
1828Al-Waqa'i'a al-MasriyaArabicCairoEgyptStill published
1830De Zuid-AfrikaanDutchCape TownBritish South AfricaInitially a weekly paper, then at more frequent intervals. First issue 9 April 1830. Last issue 8 April 1930
1875Al-AhramArabicCairoEgyptStill published
1891Mashonaland Herald and Zambesian TimesEnglishSalisburySouthern RhodesiaNow published as The Herald

South Asia[edit]

The first recorded attempt to found a newspaper in South Asia was by William Bolts, a Dutchman in the employ of the British East India Company in September 1768 in Calcutta. The Company deported Bolts back to Europe before he could begin his newspaper.[36]

DateNewspaperLanguagePlaceCountry/RegionNotes
713Kaiyuan Za BaoChineseChang'anChinaOne of the first newspapers in the world.Its main subscribers were imperial officials. Every day the political news and domestic news were collected by the editors, and the writers transcribed it to send to the provinces.
1780Hicky's Bengal Gazette or, The Original Calcutta General AdvertiserEnglishCalcuttaBritish IndiaFirst newspaper in South Asia. Published weekly from 1780-01-29 to 1782-03-23 when James Augustus Hicky's types were seized.
1780India Gazette or Calcutta Public AdvertiserEnglishCalcuttaBritish IndiaSecond newspaper in South Asia. Published weekly from 1780-11-18. Survived until 1834. Published by Peter Reed (until 1781), B. Messink (until 1793), G. Gordon (1793 to before 1799) In 1799, its proprietors were William Morris, William Fairlie and J. D. Williams.
1784Calcutta GazetteEnglishCalcuttaBritish IndiaThird newspaper in South Asia. Government sanctioned. Published weekly from 1784-03-04 to 1818-09-29. Its proprietors were Francis Gladwin, an East India Company Officer until January 1787 and Arthur Muir, Herbert Harrington and Edmond Morris afterwards.
1785Bengal JournalEnglishCalcuttaBritish IndiaPublished weekly from 1785-02 to 1791. Its proprietors were William Duane and Thomas Jones.
1785The Oriental Magazine or Calcutta AmusementEnglishCalcuttaBritish IndiaPublished monthly from 1785-04-06. Its proprietors were Gordon and John Hay. It ceased publication sometime prior to 1799-05, when Governor-General Wellesley enacted press regulations.
1785The Asiatick MiscellanyEnglishCalcuttaBritish IndiaPublished quarterly from 1785-07-14 to 1789-01. Its proprietor was Francis Gladwin.
1785Madras CourierEnglishMadrasBritish IndiaPublished weekly at first from 1785-10-12 to around 1818, with government sanction. Its proprietor was Richard Johnson.
1786Calcutta Chronicle and General AdvertiserEnglishCalcuttaBritish IndiaPublished weekly from 1786-01 to either 1790 or 1797. Its proprietor was William Baillie.
1788The Asiatic Mirror and Commercial AdvertiserEnglishCalcuttaBritish IndiaPublished weekly at first from 1788-02 to 1820-05. Its proprietors were C.K. Bruce and Dr. Shoolbred.
1789Bombay HeraldEnglishBombayBritish IndiaPublished weekly from 1789 to 1792. Its proprietors are unknown.

Oceania[edit]

DateNewspaperLanguagePlaceCountry/RegionNotes
1803Sydney GazetteEnglishSydneyAustraliaWas the first newspaper in Australia Published weekly from 1803 to 1842
1831The Sydney Morning HeraldEnglishSydneyAustraliaIs the oldest continuously published newspaper in Australia.
1891Lloyd's List AustraliaEnglishSydneyAustraliaThe oldest continuously published national newspaper in Australia.

Far East[edit]

Inaugural issue of the North China Herald, August 3, 1850.
DateNewspaperLanguagePlaceCountry/RegionNotes
1806[37]The Prince of Wales Island GazetteEnglishPenangBritish MalayaFirst newspaper in Southeast Asia;[37] last issue rolled off the press on 7 July 1827; weekly edition survived until January 1830.
1845[38][39]The Straits TimesEnglishSingaporeStraits SettlementsSplit into The Straits Times (based in Singapore) and The New Straits Times (based in Kuala Lumpur) after Singapore's separation from Malaysia in 1965.
1850[40]North China Herald
(North China Daily News)
EnglishShanghaiChinaA weekly newspaper at first, it began daily publication in 1864 under the new name North China Daily News. Ceased publication in 1951.
1861[41]Nagasaki Shipping List and AdvertiserEnglishNagasakiJapanCountry's first newspaper[41]
1862Kwanpan Batavia ShinbunJapaneseTokyoJapanFirst Japanese-language newspaper. A month-by-month government translation of the Dutch Javasche Courant.
1868Chugai ShinbunJapaneseTokyoJapanFirst Japanese-language newspaper with original reporting. Ceased with publisher's death in 1869.
1870Yokohama Mainichi ShinbunJapaneseYokohamaJapanFirst daily Japanese-language newspaper. Closed in 1940.
1872Tokyo Nichi Nichi ShimbunJapaneseTokyoJapanMerged with Mainichi Shimbun which is still published
1881[41]Chosen shinpoJapanesePusanKoreaKorea's first newspaper, but published in Japanese.[41]
1883
(1886)[42]
Hanseong sunbo
(Hanseong Jubo)
Chinese, KoreanSeoulKoreaFirst Korean-language newspaper.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Weber 2006, p. 396; "Newspapers: 400 Years Young!". World Association of Newspapers. [dead link]
  2. ^ Weber 2006, p. 387: "At the same time, then, as the printing press in the physical, technological sense was invented, 'the press' in the extended sense of the word also entered the historical stage. The phenomenon of publishing was born."
  3. ^ http://www.thetimes.co.uk/tto/news/uk/article2644349.ece
  4. ^ Weber 2006, p. 387; "Margarete Rehm: Information und Kommunikation in Geschichte und Gegenwart. Das 17. Jh." (in German). 
  5. ^ a b c d e f Weber 2006, p. 396f.
  6. ^ Nominally associated with the Holy Roman Empire until 1648, but de facto independent since 1499
  7. ^ Nominally associated with the Holy Roman Empire until 1648, but de facto separated since 1556
  8. ^ a b FRBNF32780021, catalogue Bn-Opale Plus, Bibliothèque nationale de France.
  9. ^ Wan-Press.org, A Newspaper Timeline, World Association of Newspapers
  10. ^ "World's Oldest Newspaper Goes Purely Digital". Associated Press 2007.
  11. ^ a b "Weeckelycke Courante van Europa". Museum Enschedé. Koninklijke Joh. Enschedé. 8 January 1656. 
  12. ^ "Boletín Oficial del Estado, La Gazeta, Colección Histórica". Retrieved 7 January 2013. 
  13. ^ [1]
  14. ^ [2]
  15. ^ London Gazette (1): 1. 7 November 1665. 
  16. ^ London Gazette (24): 1. 5 February 1666. 
  17. ^ http://mult-kor.hu/cikk.php?id=9990
  18. ^ "Berrow's Worcester Journal - History of the newspaper". Worcester News. Newsquest. Retrieved 2013-10-25. 
  19. ^ Wiles, R. M. (1965). Freshest Advices: Early Provincial Newspapers in England. Columbus: Ohio State University Press. 
  20. ^ "Začaly vycházet první české periodické noviny". Česká televize (Czech TV) (in Czech). Retrieved 30 June 2013. 
  21. ^ http://www.theguardian.com/media/greenslade/2013/sep/25/newspapers-digital-media
  22. ^ "Oldest newspapers still in circulation". World Association of Newspapers. Retrieved 2012-02-15. [dead link]
  23. ^ http://www.acorianooriental.pt/pagina/acerca-do-jornal/
  24. ^ http://www.farodevigo.es/servicios/corporativo/conozcanos.jsp
  25. ^ a b http://www.surreycomet.co.uk/comet150/intro/
  26. ^ http://auroradolima.com/
  27. ^ [3]
  28. ^ "L'Osservatore Romano". Catholic World News. Trinity Publications. Archived from the original on 2008-03-15. Retrieved 2014-02-13. 
  29. ^ http://www.churchtimes.co.uk/
  30. ^ http://www.richmondandtwickenhamtimes.co.uk/
  31. ^ http://www.elpirineoaragones.com/
  32. ^ [4]
  33. ^ Engel, Matthew (1996). Tickle the Public : One hundred years of the popular press. London: Gollancz. ISBN 978-0575061439. 
  34. ^ Conboy, Martin (2004). Journalism : A critical history. London: Sage. ISBN 0-7619-4100-2. 
  35. ^ http://basilio.fundaj.gov.br/pesquisaescolar/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=237&Itemid=183
  36. ^ Busteed, H. E. Echoes from Old Calcutta: Being Chiefly Reminiscences of the Days of Warren Hastings, Francis and Impey. 2nd ed. Calcutta: Thacker, Spink And Co., 1888, 182.
  37. ^ a b Wade, Geoff. "New Ways of Knowing: The Prince of Wales Island Gazette - Penang's First Newspaper". Presented at The Penang Story International Conference 2002. Retrieved 2010-08-31. "It is to Penang that the "honour" of being the site of the first newspaper published in Southeast Asia – the Prince of Wales Island Gazette – belongs." 
  38. ^ The Straits Times. "About Us". The Straits Times. Retrieved 2010-08-31. 
  39. ^ New Straits Times. "Corporate History 1845-1896". New Straits Times. Retrieved 2010-08-31. 
  40. ^ Xiaoqun Xu. Chinese Professionals and the Republican State: The Rise of Professional Associations in Shangahai, 1912–1937. Cambridge University Press, 2001. p. 45.
  41. ^ a b c d Altman 1984, p. 685: "The parallel to the Chosen shinpo in Japan had been Japan's first newspaper in any language, the English-language Nagasaki Shipping List and Advertiser, published by an Englishman, Albert W. Hansard, from June 1861."
  42. ^ McGovern 1967, pp. 21

References[edit]

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