List of tallest buildings in the world

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The 828 m tall Burj Khalifa in Dubai has been the tallest building in the world since 2010. The Burj Khalifa has been classified as Megatall.[1]

This article lists the world's tallest buildings, ranked by

The lists include buildings that

For lists that include non-building structures, see

Ranking criteria and alternatives[edit]

The international non-profit organization Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat (CTBUH) was formed in 1969 and announces the title of "The World's Tallest Building" and sets the standards by which buildings are measured. It maintains a list of the 100 tallest completed buildings in the world.[2] The organization currently ranks Burj Khalifa in Dubai as the tallest at 828 m (2,717 ft).[2] The CTBUH only recognizes buildings that are complete, however, and some buildings listed within these list articles are not considered complete by the CTBUH.

In 1996, as a response to the dispute as to whether the Petronas Towers or the Sears Tower was taller,[3] the council listed and ranked buildings in four categories:

Spires are considered integral parts of the architectural design of buildings, to which changes would substantially change the appearance and design of the building, whereas antennas may be added or removed without such consequences. This naturally hurts the rankings of buildings without spires, or with antennas instead of spires, or with shorter spires. The most famous such discrepancy is that the Petronas Towers, with their spires, are ranked higher than the Willis Tower (formerly called the Sears Tower) with its antennas, despite the Petronas Towers' lower roofs and lower highest points (of spire/antenna).

However, this type of discrepancy has happened before, without resulting in a change of the criteria used to determine the world's tallest building, which until 1996 was the height to the top of the tallest architectural element (spires, but not antennae). A famous historical case of this discrepancy was the rivalry between The Trump Building (then known as the Bank of Manhattan Building) and the Chrysler Building. The Bank of Manhattan Building employed only a short spire and was 927 ft (283 m) tall and had a much higher top occupied floor (the second category in the 1996 criteria for tallest building). In contrast, the Chrysler Building employed a very large 125 ft (38 m) spire secretly assembled inside the building to claim the title of world's tallest building with a total height of 1,048 ft (319 m), despite having a lower top occupied floor and a shorter height when both buildings' spires are not counted in their heights. Upset by Chrysler's victory, Shreve & Lamb, the consulting architects of the Bank of Manhattan Building, wrote a newspaper article claiming that their building was actually the tallest, since it contained the world's highest usable floor. They pointed out that the observation deck in the Bank of Manhattan Building was nearly 100 ft (30 m) above the top floor in the Chrysler Building, whose surpassing spire was strictly ornamental and essentially inaccessible.[5] At present the issue of identifying the tallest building is not contested, as Burj Khalifa tops the list by some margin, regardless of which criterion is applied.[6][7]

Tallest buildings in the world[edit]

This list includes the tallest 300 (completed and topped out) buildings in the world assessed by the highest architectural feature. As of 2014, nine of the last ten buildings to have held the record as 'tallest building in the world' are still found in the tallest 300, with the North Tower of the original World Trade Center being the exception after its destruction in the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks. The term "country" as used in this list encompasses the broader definition of the word, and is inclusive of states and special territories (e.g. Hong Kong).

bold†Denotes building that is or was once tallest in the world
RankBuilding[A][8]CityCountryHeight (m)[2]Height (ft)FloorsBuilt
1Burj KhalifaDubai UAE828 m2,717 ft1632010
2Shanghai Tower[9]Shanghai China632 m2,073 ft1212015[B]
3Makkah Royal Clock Tower HotelMecca Saudi Arabia601 m[10]1,971 ft1202012
4One World Trade CenterNew York City USA541.3 m1,776 ft1042014
5CTF Finance CentreGuangzhou China530 m[11]1,740 ft1112016[B]
6Taipei 101Taipei Taiwan509 m[12]1,670 ft1012004
7Shanghai World Financial CenterShanghai China492 m1,614 ft1012008
8International Commerce CentreHong Kong Hong Kong484 m1,588 ft1182010
9Petronas Tower 1Kuala Lumpur Malaysia452 m1,483 ft881998
9Petronas Tower 2Kuala Lumpur Malaysia452 m1,483 ft881998
11Zifeng TowerNanjing China450 m1,476 ft892010
12Willis Tower† (Formerly Sears Tower)Chicago USA442 m 1,450 ft 1081973
13KK100Shenzhen China442 m1,449 ft1002011
14Guangzhou International Finance CenterGuangzhou China440 m1,440 ft1032010
15432 Park AvenueNew York City USA426 m1,397 ft962015[B]
16Trump International Hotel and Tower[13]Chicago USA423 m1,389 ft982009
17Jin Mao TowerShanghai China421 m1,380 ft881999
18Princess TowerDubai UAE414 m1,358 ft[14]1012012
19Al Hamra TowerKuwait City Kuwait413 m1,354 ft802011
202 International Finance CentreHong Kong Hong Kong412 m1,352 ft882003
2123 MarinaDubai UAE395 m1,296 ft892012
22CITIC PlazaGuangzhou China391 m1,283 ft801997
23Capital Market Authority HeadquartersRiyadh Saudi Arabia385 m1 263 ft852014
23Shun Hing SquareShenzhen China384 m1,260 ft691996
24Burj Mohammed bin RashidAbu Dhabi UAE381 m1,251 ft882014
25Empire State BuildingNew York City USA381 m1,250 ft1021931
26Elite ResidenceDubai UAE380.5 m1,247 ft872012
27Tuntex Sky TowerKaohsiung Taiwan378 m1,240 ft851997
28Central PlazaHong Kong Hong Kong374 m1,227 ft781992
29Bank of China TowerHong Kong Hong Kong367 m1,205 ft701990
30Bank of America TowerNew York City USA366 m1,200 ft542009
31Almas TowerDubai UAE363 m1,191 ft682009
32The PinnacleGuangzhou China360 m1,181 ft602012
33SEG PlazaShenzhen China356 m1,168 ft702000
34JW Marriott Marquis Dubai Tower 1Dubai UAE355 m1,166 ft822012
34JW Marriott Marquis Dubai Tower 2Dubai UAE355 m1,166 ft822013
36Emirates Office TowerDubai UAE355 m1,163 ft542000
37Aon CenterChicago USA346 m1,136 ft831973
38The CenterHong Kong Hong Kong346 m1,135 ft731998
39Keangnam Hanoi Landmark TowerHanoi Vietnam345 m1,132 ft722011
40John Hancock CenterChicago USA344 m1,128 ft1001969
41Ahmed Abdul Rahim Al Attar TowerDubai UAE342 m1,122 ft762010[B]
42Chongqing World Financial CenterChongqing China339 m1,112 ft782014
42Hefei Feicui TV TowerHefei China339 m1,112 ft752012
42Mercury City TowerMoscow Russia339 m1,112 ft752012
42The Wharf Times SquareWuxi China339 m1,112 ft682014
46Tianjin World Financial CenterTianjin China337 m1,105 ft792010
46The Marina TorchDubai UAE337 m1,105 ft792011
48Shimao International PlazaShanghai China333 m1,094 ft612005
49Rose TowerDubai UAE333 m1,093 ft722007
50Modern Media CenterChangzhou China332 m1,089 ft572013
51Minsheng Bank BuildingWuhan China331 m1,087 ft682007
52China World Trade Center Tower 3Beijing China330 m1,083 ft742009
52Ryugyong HotelPyongyang North Korea330 m1,083 ft1051992[C]
54The IndexDubai UAE328 m1,076 ft802010
54Al Yaqoub TowerDubai UAE328 m1,076 ft692013[B]
54Longxi International HotelHuaxi Village China328 m1,076 ft722011
54Wuxi Suning Plaza 1Wuxi China328 m1,076 ft682014
58The LandmarkAbu Dhabi UAE324 m1,072 ft722012
58Deji Plaza Phase 2Nanjing China324 m1,072 ft622013
60Yantai Shimao No.1 The HarbourYantai China323 m1,060 ft592015[B]
61Q1Gold Coast Australia323 m1,058 ft802005
62Wenzhou World Trade CenterWenzhou China322 m1,056 ft682010
63Burj Al ArabDubai UAE321 m1,053 ft601999
64Nina TowerHong Kong Hong Kong319 m1,049 ft802007
65Chrysler BuildingNew York City USA319 m1,047 ft771930
66New York Times BuildingNew York City USA319 m1,046 ft522007
67HHHR TowerDubai UAE317 m1,042 ft722010
68Bank of America PlazaAtlanta USA317 m1,040 ft551992
69Moi CenterShenyang China311 m1,020 ft752012
70U.S. Bank TowerLos Angeles USA310 m1,018 ft731989
71Menara TelekomKuala Lumpur Malaysia310 m1,017 ft552001
71Ocean HeightsDubai UAE310 m1,017 ft822010
71Sky TowerAbu Dhabi UAE310 m1,017 ft742010
74Pearl River TowerGuangzhou China310 m1,016 ft712012
75Fortune CenterGuangzhou China309 m1,015 ft732015[B]
76Jumeirah Emirates Towers HotelDubai UAE309 m1,014 ft562000
77EurasiaMoscow Russia309 m1,013 ft722013[B]
78Burj RafalRiyadh Saudi Arabia308 m1,010 ft682014[B]
79Franklin CenterChicago USA307 m1,007 ft601989
80Cayan TowerDubai UAE306 m1,005 ft762013
81One57New York City USA306 m1,004 ft752013
81East Pacific Center Tower AShenzhen China306 m1,004 ft852012
81The ShardLondon UK306 m1,004 ft722012
81The Address Downtown Burj KhalifaDubai UAE306 m1,004 ft632008
85JPMorgan Chase TowerHouston USA305 m1,002 ft751982
85Etihad Tower 2[15][16]Abu Dhabi UAE305 m1,002 ft792011
87Northeast Asia Trade TowerIncheon South Korea305 m1,001 ft682010
88Baiyoke Tower IIBangkok Thailand304 m997 ft851997
88Wuxi Maoye City - Marriott HotelWuxi China304 m997 ft682014
90Two Prudential PlazaChicago USA303 m995 ft641990
91Chang Fu Jin Mao TowerShenzhen China303 m994 ft682016[B]
91Heung Kong TowerShenzhen China303 m994 ft612014[B]
91KAFD World Trade Center[17]Riyadh Saudi Arabia303 m994 ft672015[B]
94Leatop PlazaGuangzhou China303 m993 ft652011
95Wells Fargo PlazaHouston USA302 m992 ft711983
95Kingdom CentreRiyadh Saudi Arabia302 m992 ft412002
97Gate of the OrientSuzhou China302 m990 ft682012
98Moscow TowerMoscow Russia302 m989 ft762010
99We've the Zenith Tower ABusan South Korea301 m987 ft802011
100Aspire TowerDoha Qatar300 m984 ft362007
100Arraya 2Kuwait City Kuwait300 m984 ft602009
100Gran Torre SantiagoSantiago Chile300 m984 ft642012
100Abeno HarukasOsaka Japan300 m984 ft592014
104One Island EastHong Kong Hong Kong298 m979 ft672008
105Shanghai Wheelock SquareShanghai China298 m978 ft582009
105First Canadian PlaceToronto Canada298 m978 ft721976
1074 World Trade CenterNew York USA298 m977 ft722012
108Eureka TowerMelbourne Australia297 m975 ft912006
108Comcast CenterPhiladelphia USA297 m975 ft572008
110Yokohama Landmark TowerYokohama Japan296 m972 ft731993
111Emirates CrownDubai UAE296 m971 ft632008
112Xiamen Shimao Cross-Strait Plaza Tower B[18]Xiamen China295.3 m969 ft672015[B]
113Central Park Office TowerDubai UAE294 m964 ft492011
114Khalid Al Attar Tower 2Dubai UAE294 m964 ft612010
115311 South Wacker DriveChicago USA293 m961 ft651990
116Trump Ocean Club International Hotel and TowerPanama City Panama293 m961 ft682011
117Haeundae I Park Marina Tower 2Busan South Korea292 m959 ft722012
118American International BuildingNew York City USA290 m952 ft661932
119Busan International Finance CenterBusan South Korea289 m948 ft632014
120Dongguan TBA Tower[19]Dongguan China289 m948 ft682010[B]
121Key TowerCleveland USA289 m947 ft571991
122One Liberty PlacePhiladelphia USA288 m945 ft611987
123Plaza 66 Tower OneShanghai China288 m945 ft662001
124Chongqing Poly Tower[20]Chongqing China287 m941 ft582010[B]
125Columbia CenterSeattle USA285 m937 ft761985
126Yingli TowerChongqing China285 m936 ft652012
127Millennium TowerDubai UAE285 m935 ft602006
127Sulafa TowerDubai UAE285 m935 ft752010
129Tomorrow SquareShanghai China285 m934 ft552003
130D1Dubai UAE284 m932 ft802012
131Chongqing World Trade CenterChongqing China283 m929 ft602005
132Cheung Kong CentreHong Kong Hong Kong283 m928 ft621999
13340 Wall Street† (The Trump Building)New York City USA283 m927 ft701930
134Suzhou RunHua Global Building A[21]Suzhou China282 m925 ft492010
135We've the Zenith Tower BBusan South Korea282 m924 ft752011
136Vitri TowerPanama City Panama281 m922 ft752012
137Bank of America PlazaDallas USA281 m921 ft721985
138One Raffles PlaceSingapore Singapore280 m919 ft661986
138UOB Plaza OneSingapore Singapore280 m919 ft661992
138Republic PlazaSingapore Singapore280 m919 ft661996
138Marina PinnacleDubai UAE280 m919 ft732010
138Zhengzhou Greenland Plaza[22]Zhengzhou China280 m919 ft562012
143Seoul International Financial CenterSeoul South Korea279 m916 ft552012
144Citigroup CenterNew York City USA279 m915 ft591977
145Hong Kong New World TowerShanghai China278 m913 ft612002
146Trust Tower[23]Abu Dhabi UAE278 m912 ft602010[B]
147Etihad Tower 1[24]Abu Dhabi UAE278 m911 ft702011
148Trump International Hotel and TowerToronto Canada277 m908 ft572012
149Diwang International Commerce CenterNanning China276 m906 ft542006
150Scotia PlazaToronto Canada275 m902 ft681988
151Williams TowerHouston USA275 m901 ft641983
152Nantong Zhongnan International Plaza[25]Nantong China273 m897 ft532011
153Wuhan World Trade TowerWuhan China273 m896 ft581998
153Lvjing Tower[26]Shenzhen China273 m896 ft562011
153Shimao International CenterFuzhou China273 m896 ft562012
156Haeundae I Park Marina Tower 1Busan South Korea273 m895 ft662011
157United InternationalChongqing China271 m889 ft682012
158Renaissance TowerDallas USA270 m886 ft561974
158The Cullinan South TowerHong Kong Hong Kong270 m886 ft682008
158The Cullinan North TowerHong Kong Hong Kong270 m886 ft682008
158China International Center Tower BGuangzhou China270 m886 ft622007
162Dapeng International PlazaGuangzhou China269 m884 ft562006
163One LujiazuiShanghai China269 m883 ft472008
163JAL HotelDubai UAE269 m883 ft602008
16321st Century TowerDubai UAE269 m883 ft552003
166Bitexco Financial TowerHo Chi Minh City Vietnam269 m882 ft682010
166Naberezhnaya Tower CMoscow Russia268 m881 ft612007
168Bank of Guangzhou TowerGuangzhou China268 m878 ft572012
169Al Faisaliyah CenterRiyadh Saudi Arabia267 m876 ft442000
1698 Spruce StreetNew York City USA267 m876 ft762010
169Star Bay TowerPanama City Panama267 m876 ft652012
173Fortune Financial CenterBeijing China266 m874 ft562012
173The PointPanama City Panama266 m873 ft652011
174The RiverBangkok Thailand265 m871 ft732012
174Bank of America Corporate CenterCharlotte USA265 m871 ft601992
176900 North MichiganChicago USA265 m869 ft661989
176Al Kazim Tower 1Dubai UAE265 m869 ft532008
176Al Kazim Tower 2Dubai UAE265 m869 ft532008
176Bocom Financial TowersShanghai China265 m869 ft522002
176120 Collins StreetMelbourne Australia265 m869 ft521991
176We've the Zenith Tower CBusan South Korea265 m869 ft702011
176WBC The Palace Towers Tower 1Busan South Korea265 m869 ft712010
176WBC The Palace Towers Tower 2Busan South Korea265 m869 ft712010
184SunTrust PlazaAtlanta USA264 m867 ft601992
185Triumph-PalaceMoscow Russia264 m866 ft542005
185Arts TowerPanama City Panama264 m866 ft802012
187Samsung Tower Palace 3, Tower GSeoul South Korea264 m865 ft732004
188Ubora TowerDubai UAE263 m862 ft582011
189Trump World TowerNew York City USA262 m859 ft722001
189Water Tower PlaceChicago USA262 m859 ft741976
189Grand Gateway Shanghai IShanghai China262 m859 ft522005
189Grand Gateway Shanghai IIShanghai China262 m859 ft522005
189AquaChicago USA262 m859 ft862009
194Aon CenterLos Angeles USA262 m858 ft621973
195East Pacific Center Tower BShenzhen China261 m856 ft722012
195Sapphire of IstanbulIstanbul Turkey261 m856 ft542010
195Grand LisboaMacau Macau261 m856 ft472008
195TD Canada Trust TowerToronto Canada261 m856 ft531990
195The MasterpieceHong Kong Hong Kong261 m856 ft642007
195Central Park Residential TowerDubai UAE261 m856 ft512011
201Etihad Tower 3[27]Abu Dhabi UAE260 m854 ft622011
202Vision TowerDubai UAE260 m853 ft602010
202Shanghai IFC North Tower[28]Shanghai China260 m853 ft602011
202Jing'an Kerry Center Phase 2Shanghai China260 m853 ft582012
202Sunny World CenterShenyang China260 m853 ft592012
202Bahrain Financial Harbour 1Manama Bahrain260 m853 ft532007
202Bahrain Financial Harbour 2Manama Bahrain260 m853 ft532007
202101 Collins StreetMelbourne Australia260 m853 ft501991
202Abraj Al Bait Hajar TowerMecca Saudi Arabia260 m853 ft482012
202Abraj Al Bait ZamZam TowerMecca Saudi Arabia260 m853 ft482012
202Shenzhen Special Zone Press TowerShenzhen China260 m853 ft481998
202Transamerica PyramidSan Francisco USA260 m853 ft481972
213Chase TowerChicago USA259 m850 ft601969
213GE BuildingNew York City USA259 m850 ft691933
213Commerzbank TowerFrankfurt Germany259 m850 ft561997
213PBCom TowerMakati Philippines259 m850 ft552000
215Two Liberty PlacePhiladelphia USA258 m848 ft581990
218Huamin Imperial TowerShanghai China258 m847 ft632011
219Lanko·Grand Hyatt HotelChongqing China258 m846 ft602004
219Tianjin Hutchinson Whampoa Metro PlazaTianjin China258 m846 ft532012
221Park TowerChicago USA257 m844 ft672000
221Devon TowerOklahoma City USA257 m844 ft502012
221Ciputra World Hotel TowerJakarta Indonesia257 m844 ft492013[B]
224St. Petersburg TowerMoscow Russia257 m843 ft652010
225MesseturmFrankfurt Germany257 m842 ft551990
226U.S. Steel TowerPittsburgh USA256 m841 ft641970
226Sorrento 1Hong Kong Hong Kong256 m841 ft752003
228The Harbour Hotel & ResidenceDubai UAE256 m840 ft592007
228Hyperion Tower ASeoul South Korea256 m840 ft692003
228Rinku Gate Tower BuildingIzumisano Japan256 m840 ft561996
232New Century Plaza Tower ANanjing China255 m837 ft522006
232Langham Place Office TowerHong Kong Hong Kong255 m837 ft592004
232Tower Financial CenterPanama City Panama255 m837 ft532011
232Conrad HotelDubai UAE255 m837 ft512012
232Evolution TowerMoscow Russia255 m794 ft542014
237The Imperial IMumbai India254 m833 ft602009
237The Imperial IIMumbai India254 m833 ft602009
239Capital TowerSingapore Singapore253 m830 ft522000
239Chase TowerIndianapolis USA253 m830 ft481990
241HighcliffHong Kong Hong Kong252 m828 ft722003
241Bank of Shanghai HeadquartersShanghai China252 m827 ft462005
241Osaka World Trade Center BuildingOsaka Japan252 m827 ft551995
241Reflection Jomtien Beach Oceanfront Tower AChonburi Thailand252 m827 ft582013
245The HarboursideHong Kong Hong Kong251 m824 ft732003
245Rialto TowersMelbourne Australia251 m824 ft631986
247Jiali PlazaWuhan China251 m823 ft611997
248The Gramercy ResidencesMakati Philippines250 m[29]820 ft732012
248Discovery PrimeaMakati Philippines250 m[29]820 ft682013
248The Gate Tower 1Abu Dhabi UAE250 m820 ft652012
248The Gate Tower 2Abu Dhabi UAE250 m820 ft652012
248The Gate Tower 3Abu Dhabi UAE250 m820 ft652012
248Angsana Hotel Tower 1Dubai UAE250 m820 ft492008
248Angsana Hotel Tower 2Dubai UAE250 m820 ft492008
248Beijing Yintai Centre Tower 2Beijing China250 m820 ft632007
248Chelsea TowerDubai UAE250 m820 ft492005
248One Atlantic CenterAtlanta USA250 m820 ft501987
248Caja Madrid TowerMadrid Spain250 m820 ft452008
248Wisma 46Jakarta Indonesia250 m820 ft481996
248Post & Telecommunication HubGuangzhou China250 m820 ft662003
248Ahmed Khoory TowerDubai UAE250 m820 ft602012
248Ahuja TowerMumbai India250 m820 ft532014
248Xiamen Shimao Cross-Strait Plaza Tower A[30]Xiamen China250 m820 ft592015[B]
26463 BuildingSeoul South Korea250 m819 ft601985
264The Legacy at Millennium ParkChicago USA250 m819 ft732010
264International Hainan Airlines PlazaHaikou China250 m819 ft542012
267InfinityBrisbane Australia249 m817 ft812013
267Cathay Pacific Plaza 1Ordos China249 m817 ft552012
267Cathay Pacific Plaza 2Ordos China249 m817 ft552012
267Al Tayer TowerDubai UAE249 m817 ft492009
267Metapolis 101Hwaseong City South Korea249 m817 ft662010
267Central ParkPerth Australia249 m817 ft521992
267Torre de CristalMadrid Spain249 m817 ft452008
274Midtown TowerTokyo Japan248 m814 ft542007
274CitySpire CenterNew York City USA248 m814 ft751987
276One Chase Manhattan PlazaNew York City USA248 m813 ft601960
277Midland SquareNagoya Japan247 m810 ft472007
277Metapolis 104Hwaseong City South Korea247 m810 ft662010
277State TowerBangkok Thailand247 m810 ft682001
280Conde Nast BuildingNew York City USA247 m809 ft481999
281Kai Yuen World CenterShijiazhuang China246 m808 ft532012
281MetLife BuildingNew York City USA246 m808 ft591963
283Shenzhen Stock ExchangeShenzhen China246 m806 ft492013
284Bloomberg TowerNew York City USA246 m806 ft542005
285Qingdao International Trade Center 1Qingdao China246 m806 ft502012
286Qingdao International Trade Center 2Qingdao China246 m806 ft502012
287Federation of Korean Industries Head OfficeSeoul South Korea245 m805 ft502013
288AVIC PlazaShenzhen China245 m804 ft522012
288JR Central TowersNagoya Japan245 m804 ft512007
288Oasis Beach TowerDubai UAE245 m804 ft512006
288Al Fattan TowerDubai UAE245 m804 ft512006
288Churchill ResidencyDubai UAE245 m804 ft592010
288One Raffles QuaySingapore Singapore245 m804 ft592006
288The Sail @ Marina BaySingapore Singapore245 m804 ft592000
288OKO 16a Tower AMoscow Russia245 m804 ft492014
296Moshe Aviv TowerRamat Gan Israel244 m801 ft692003
296Varyap Meridian Grand Tower 1İstanbul Turkey244 m801 ft612012
296AAM TowerDubai UAE244 m801 ft462008
299BHP Billiton TowerPerth Australia244 m800 ft462012
300Maybank TowerKuala Lumpur Malaysia243 m799 ft501987

Photo gallery[edit]

Alternative measurements[edit]

Height to roof[edit]

Some assessments of the tallest building use 'height to roof' to determine tallest building in the world, as "architectural feature" is regarded as a subjective and an inaccurate comparative measure. In November 2009, the CTBUH stopped using the roof height as a method of measurement for tall buildings due to the fact that modern tall buildings rarely have a part of the building that can categorically be determined as the 'roof'.[31]

RankBuildingCityCountryHeight (m)Height (ft)FloorsBuilt
1Burj KhalifaDubai UAE828.0 m2,717 ft1632010
2Shanghai towerShanghai China574.6 m1,885 ft1212015
3Abraj Al-Bait TowersMecca Saudi Arabia530.0 m1,740 ft1202012
4Shanghai World Financial CenterShanghai China487.4 m1,599 ft1012008
5International Commerce CentreHong Kong Hong Kong484.0 m1,588 ft1082010
6Taipei 101Taipei Taiwan449.2 m1,471 ft1012004
7Willis TowerChicago USA442.0 m1,451 ft1081974
8Kingkey 100Shenzhen China442.0 m1,449 ft1002011
9Guangzhou International Finance CenterGuangzhou China432.0 m1,417 ft1032009
10One World Trade CenterNew York City USA417.0 m1,368 ft1042014
11International Finance CentreHong Kong Hong Kong406.9 m1,335 ft882003
1223 MarinaDubai UAE395.0 m1,296 ft892012
13Princess TowerDubai UAE392.0 m1,286 ft[14]1012012
14Empire State BuildingNew York City USA381.0 m1,250 ft1021931
14Zifeng TowerNanjing China381.0 m1,250 ft892009
16Petronas Tower 1Kuala Lumpur Malaysia378.6 m1,242 ft881998
16Petronas Tower 2Kuala Lumpur Malaysia378.6 m1,242 ft881998
18Jin Mao BuildingShanghai China370.0 m1,231 ft881998
19Al Hamra TowerKuwait City Kuwait368.0 m1,207 ft802011
20Trump International Hotel and TowerChicago USA356.6 m1,170 ft962009
21Tuntex Sky TowerKaohsiung Taiwan347.5 m1,140 ft851997
22Aon CenterChicago USA346.3 m1,136 ft831973
23John Hancock CenterChicago USA343.5 m1,127 ft1001969
24Mercury City TowerMoscow Russia339.0 m1,112 ft752012
25China World Trade Center Tower 3Beijing China333.0 m1,093 ft742008
26Ryugyong HotelPyongyang North Korea330.0 m1,083 ft1051992[C]
27The IndexDubai UAE328.0 m1,076 ft802009
28Shun Hing SquareShenzhen China324.8 m1,066 ft691996
29CITIC PlazaGuangzhou China321.9 m1,056 ft801997
30Nina TowerHong Kong Hong Kong318.8 m1,046 ft802006
31Rose TowerDubai UAE315.0 m1,033 ft722008
31Bank of China TowerHong Kong Hong Kong315.0 m1,033 ft721990
33Bank of America PlazaAtlanta USA311.8 m1,023 ft551992
34Emirates Office TowerDubai UAE311.0 m1,020 ft562000
35U.S. Bank TowerLos Angeles USA310.3 m1,018 ft731989
36Menara TelekomKuala Lumpur Malaysia310.0 m1,017 ft552001
36Almas TowerDubai UAE310.0 m1,017 ft742008
38Central PlazaHong Kong Hong Kong309.0 m1,014 ft781992
39The Address Downtown Burj KhalifaDubai UAE306.0 m1,004 ft782008
40JPMorgan Chase TowerHouston USA305.4 m1,002 ft751982
41Northeast Asia Trade TowerIncheon South Korea305.1 m1,001 ft682010
42The ShardLondon UK304.1 m998 ft722012
43Baiyoke Tower IIBangkok Thailand304.0 m997 ft851997
44Wells Fargo PlazaHouston USA302.4 m992 ft711983
45Kingdom CentreRiyadh Saudi Arabia302.0 m991 ft412002
46Moscow TowerMoscow Russia302.0 m989 ft762010
47We've the ZenithBusan South Korea301.0 m988 ft802011
48First Canadian PlaceToronto Canada298.1 m978 ft721975
49Comcast CenterPhiladelphia USA297.2 m975 ft572008
50Eureka TowerMelbourne Australia297.0 m984 ft912006
51Yokohama Landmark TowerYokohama Japan295.8 m970 ft701993
52311 South Wacker DriveChicago USA292.9 m961 ft551990
53I'Park MarinaBusan South Korea292.1 m958 ft722011

Height to pinnacle (highest point)[edit]

This measurement disregards distinctions between architectural and non-architectural extensions, and simply measures to the highest point. This measurement is useful for air traffic obstacle determinations, and is also a wholly objective measure. However, this measurement includes extensions that are easily added, removed, and modified from a building and are independent of the overall structure.

This measurement only recently came to use, when the Petronas Towers passed the Sears Tower (now called Willis Tower) in height. The former was considered taller because its spires were considered architectural, while the latter's antennae were not. This led to the split of definitions, with the Sears Tower claiming the lead in this and the height-to-roof (now highest occupied floor) categories, and with the Petronas claiming the lead in the architectural height category.

Tallest buildings in the world by pinnacle height, including all masts, poles, antennae, etc in 2014.
1Burj KhalifaDubai UAE829.8 m2,722 ft1632010
2Shanghai TowerShanghai China632 m2,073 ft1212015
3Abraj Al-Bait TowersMecca Saudi Arabia601 m[10]1,971 ft1202012
4One World Trade CenterNew York City USA546.2 m1,792 ft1042014
5Willis TowerChicago USA527.0 m1,729 ft1081974
6Taipei 101Taipei Taiwan509.0 m1,669 ft1012004
7Shanghai World Financial CenterShanghai China494.4 m1,614 ft1012008
8International Commerce CentreHong Kong Hong Kong484.0 m1,588 ft1082010
9John Hancock CenterChicago USA457.2 m1,500 ft1001969
10Petronas Tower 1Kuala Lumpur Malaysia452.0 m1,483 ft881998
10Petronas Tower 2Kuala Lumpur Malaysia452.0 m1,483 ft881998
12Zifeng TowerNanjing China450.0 m1,476 ft892009
13Empire State BuildingNew York City USA443.2 m1,454 ft1021931
14Kingkey 100Shenzhen China442 m1,449 ft1002011
15Guangzhou International Finance CenterGuangzhou China440.5 m1,445 ft1032009
16Trump International Hotel and TowerChicago USA423.4 m1,389 ft962009
17Jin Mao TowerShanghai China421.0 m1,381 ft881998
18International Finance CentreHong Kong Hong Kong416.5 m1,366 ft882003
19Princess TowerDubai UAE414.0 m1,358 ft[14]1012012
20Al Hamra TowerKuwait City Kuwait412.6 m1,354 ft802010
2123 MarinaDubai UAE395 m1,296 ft892012
22CITIC PlazaGuangzhou China391.0 m1,283 ft801997
23Shun Hing SquareShenzhen China384.0 m1,260 ft691996
24Tuntex Sky TowerKaohsiung Taiwan378.0 m1,240 ft851997
25Emirates Park Tower 1Dubai UAE376.0 m1,234 ft772010
25Emirates Park Tower 2Dubai UAE376.0 m1,234 ft772010
27Central PlazaHong Kong Hong Kong374.0 m1,227 ft781992
28Bank of China TowerHong Kong Hong Kong367.4 m1,205 ft721990
29Bank of America TowerNew York City USA365.8 m1,200 ft542008
30Almas TowerDubai UAE363.0 m1,191 ft682008
31Emirates Office TowerDubai UAE356.4 m1,169 ft562000
32SEG PlazaShenzhen China355.8 m1,167 ft702000
33First Canadian PlaceToronto Canada355.0 m1,165 ft721975
34The TorchDubai UAE348.1 m1,142 ft802011
35Aon CenterChicago USA346.3 m1,136 ft831973
36The CenterHong Kong Hong Kong346.0 m1,135 ft731998
37Ahmed Abdul Rahim Al Attar TowerDubai UAE342.0 m1,122 ft762010
38Mercury City TowerMoscow Russia339 m1,112 ft752012
39Conde Nast BuildingNew York City USA338.0 m1,109 ft481999
40Tianjin World Financial CenterTianjin China336.9 m1,105 ft792010
41Shanghai Shimao International PlazaShanghai China333.0 m1,094 ft602005
42Rose TowerDubai UAE333.0 m1,093 ft722008
43Minsheng Bank BuildingWuhan China331.0 m1,086 ft682007
44Ryugyong HotelPyongyang North Korea330.0 m1,083 ft1051992[C]
44China World Trade Center Tower 3Beijing China330.0 m1,083 ft742008
46Baiyoke Tower IIBangkok Thailand328.0 m1,076 ft851997
46The IndexDubai UAE328.0 m1,076 ft802009
46Al Yaqoub TowerDubai UAE328.0 m1,076 ft722010
46Hanging Village of HuaxiHuaxi Village China328.0 m1,076 ft722011
50The LandmarkAbu Dhabi UAE324.0 m1072 ft722010[B]
51Q1Gold Coast Australia322.5 m1,058 ft782005
52Wenzhou World Trade CenterWenzhou China322.0 m1,056 ft682010
53Burj Al ArabDubai UAE321.0 m1,053 ft601999
54Chrysler BuildingNew York City USA318.9 m1,046 ft771930
54New York Times BuildingNew York City USA318.9 m1,046 ft522007
56Nina TowerHong Kong China318.8 m1,046 ft802006
57HHHR TowerDubai UAE317.8 m1,042 ft722010
57Bank of America PlazaAtlanta USA317.8 m1,042 ft551992
59U.S. Bank TowerLos Angeles USA310.3 m1,018 ft731989
60Ocean HeightsDubai UAE310.0 m1,017 ft822010
60Menara TelekomKuala Lumpur Malaysia310.0 m1,017 ft552001
60Sky TowerAbu Dhabi UAE310.0 m1,017 ft742010
63Pearl River TowerGuangzhou China310.0 m1,016 ft712012
64The ShardLondon UK309.6 m1,016 ft952012
65Jumeirah Emirates Towers HotelDubai UAE309.0 m1,014 ft562000
66AT&T Corporate CenterChicago USA307.0 m1,007 ft602001
67The Address Downtown Burj KhalifaDubai UAE306.0 m1,004 ft632008
68JPMorganChase TowerHouston USA305.4 m1,002 ft751982
68Etihad Tower 2[15][16]Abu Dhabi UAE305.4 m1,002 ft792011
70Northeast Asia Trade TowerIncheon South Korea305.1 m1,001 ft682010
71Two Prudential PlazaChicago USA303.3 m995 ft641990
72Leatop PlazaGuangzhou China302.7 m993 ft652012
73Wells Fargo PlazaHouston USA302.4 m992 ft711983
73One Shell PlazaHouston USA302.4 m992 ft501971
75Kingdom CentreRiyadh Saudi Arabia302.0 m991 ft412002
76Moscow TowerMoscow Russia302.0 m989 ft762010
77We've the ZenithBusan South Korea301.0 m988 ft802011
78Commerzbank TowerFrankfurt Germany300.1 m985 ft531997
79Aspire TowerDoha Qatar300.0 m984 ft362007
79Arraya 2Kuwait City Kuwait300.0 m984 ft602009

Buildings under construction[edit]

This list shows buildings taller than 300 metres or 65 floors that are currently under construction.

BuildingPlanned pinnacle heightPlanned roof heightFloorsPlanned completionCountryCityRemarks
Kingdom Tower1,008 m (3,307 ft)1,000 m (3,300 ft)2142019 Saudi ArabiaJeddahWill become the tallest in the world upon completion.[32]
Suzhou Zhongnan Center729 m (2,392 ft)1442020 ChinaSuzhou[33]
Ping'an International Finance Center660 m (2,170 ft)555 m (1,821 ft)1152016 ChinaShenzhen
Wuhan Greenland Center636 m (2,087 ft)600 m (2,000 ft)1242017 ChinaWuhan
Rama IX Super Tower615 m (2,018 ft)1252019 ThailandBangkokWill become the tallest in the ASEAN.
Warisan Merdeka601 m (1,972 ft)1282021 MalaysiaKuala Lumpur
Goldin Finance 117597 m (1,959 ft)597 m (1,959 ft)1172018 ChinaTianjin
Tianjin Chow Tai Fook Binhai Center588 m (1,929 ft)580 m (1,900 ft)1082015 ChinaTianjin
Pearl of the North565 m (1,854 ft)1112018 ChinaShenyang
Lotte World Tower555 m (1,821 ft)554.6 m (1,820 ft)1232016 South KoreaSeoulWill become the tallest building in the OECD with the tallest observation deck in the world.[34]
Rose Rock IFC530 m (1,740 ft)1002017 ChinaTianjin
China Zun528 m (1,732 ft)528 m (1,732 ft)1112017 ChinaBeijing
Pertamina Tower523 m (1,716 ft)992017 IndonesiaJakarta
Dalian Greenland Center518 m (1,699 ft)518 m (1,699 ft)882016 ChinaDalian
Busan Lotte Town Tower510 m (1,670 ft)510 m (1,670 ft)1072016 South KoreaBusan
Federation Tower509 m (1,670 ft)360 m (1,180 ft)932015 RussiaMoscow
Hengqin Headquarters Tower 2490 m (1,610 ft)1062017 ChinaZhuhai
Chengdu Greenland Tower468 m (1,535 ft)1002018 ChinaChengdu
International Commerce Center 1468 m (1,535 ft)430 m (1,410 ft)992016 ChinaChongqing
Tianjin R&F Guangdong Tower468 m (1,535 ft)384 m (1,260 ft)912016 ChinaTianjin
Lakhta Center463 m (1,519 ft)862018 RussiaSt. PetersburgWill become tallest building in Europe upon completion.[35]
Riverview Plaza460 m (1,510 ft)822016 ChinaWuhan
Changsha IFS Tower T1452 m (1,483 ft)882017 ChinaChangsha[36]
Suzhou IFS(Suzhou International Financial Square/The Wharf Suzhou)452 m (1,483 ft)922016 ChinaSuzhou[37]
China Resources Centre Block A442 m (1,450 ft)902018 ChinaNanning[38]
World One442 m (1,450 ft)442 m (1,450 ft)1172016 IndiaMumbaiWill become tallest residential skyscraper in the world if completed before Pentominium.[39][40][41][42][43][44]
Wuhan Center438 m (1,437 ft)438 m (1,437 ft)882015 ChinaWuhan
111 West 57th Street433.1 m (1,421 ft)408.7 m (1,341 ft)802017 United StatesNew York CityScheduled to be world's skinniest skyscraper "with a slenderness ratio of about 1:23."[45]
Diamond Tower432 m (1,417 ft)395 m (1,296 ft)932017 Saudi ArabiaJeddah
Dongguan International Trade Center 1427 m (1,401 ft)88 ChinaDongguan
Marina 101426.5 m (1,399 ft)426.5 m (1,399 ft)1012015 United Arab EmiratesDubai
LCT Landmark Tower411.6 m (1,350 ft)411.6 m (1,350 ft)1012018 South KoreaBusan
Two World Trade Center411 m (1,348 ft)387 m (1,270 ft)792015 USANew York CityAlso known as 200 Greenwich Street[46]
Huaguoyuan Tower 1406 m (1,332 ft)642017 ChinaGuiyang
Huaguoyuan Tower 2406 m (1,332 ft)642017 ChinaGuiyang
Nanjing Olympic Suning Tower400 m (1,300 ft)400 m (1,300 ft)882017 ChinaNanjing
Ningbo Center398 m (1,306 ft)398 m (1,306 ft)792017 ChinaNingbo
Shum Yip Upperhills Tower 1388 m (1,273 ft)802019 ChinaShenzhen
Capital Market Authority Headquarters385 m (1,263 ft)385 m (1,263 ft)772014 Saudi ArabiaRiyadh
Forum 66 Tower 1384 m (1,260 ft)384 m (1,260 ft)762014 ChinaShenyang
Eton Place Dalian Tower 1383 m (1,257 ft)383 m (1,257 ft)802014 ChinaDalian
The Domain381 m (1,250 ft)381 m (1,250 ft)882014 UAEAbu Dhabi
Gemdale Gangxia Tower 1380 m (1,250 ft)2017 ChinaShenzhen
Three World Trade Center378 m (1,240 ft)349.7 m (1,147 ft)712017 USANew York CityAlso known as 175 Greenwich Street[47]
Oberoi Oasis Residential Tower372 m (1,220 ft)[48]356 m (1,168 ft)822015 IndiaMumbai
Zhujiang New City Tower371 m (1,217 ft)371 m (1,217 ft)872015 ChinaGuangzhou
Golden Eagle Tiandi Tower A368 m (1,207 ft)762018 ChinaNanjing
Dalian International Trade Center365 m (1,198 ft)862016 ChinaDalian
VietinBank Business Center Office Tower363 m (1,191 ft)321 m (1,053 ft)682016 VietnamHanoi
Greenland Group Suzhou Center358 m (1,175 ft)752018 ChinaWujiang[49]
Oko Tower352 m (1,155 ft)352 m (1,155 ft)912015 RussiaMoscow
Forum 66 Tower 2351 m (1,152 ft)682015 ChinaShenyang
Hanking Center350 m (1,150 ft)652018 ChinaShenzhen[50]
Lamar Tower 1350 m (1,150 ft)722016 Saudi ArabiaJeddah
Gezhouba International Plaza350 m (1,150 ft)692017 ChinaWuhan
Spring City 66350 m (1,150 ft)2018 ChinaKunming[51]
Shimao Hunan Center347 m (1,138 ft)2018 ChinaChangsha
Xiamen International Center339 m (1,112 ft)339.88 m (1,115.1 ft)812016 ChinaXiamen[52]
LCT Residential Tower A339.1 m (1,113 ft)339.1 m (1,113 ft)852018 South KoreaBusan
One Shenzhen Bay338 m (1,109 ft)802018 ChinaShenzhen
Tianjin Modern City Office Tower338 m (1,109 ft)652016 ChinaTianjin
Orchid Crown Tower 1337 m (1,106 ft)337 m (1,106 ft)752015 IndiaMumbai[53][54]
Orchid Crown Tower 2337 m (1,106 ft)337 m (1,106 ft)752015 IndiaMumbai[55][56]
Orchid Crown Tower 3337 m (1,106 ft)337 m (1,106 ft)752015 IndiaMumbai[57][58]
ADNOC Headquarters335.3 m (1,100 ft)652015 UAEAbu Dhabi
Wilshire Grand Tower335 m (1,099 ft)335 m (1,099 ft)732017 USALos Angeles
DAMAC Heights335 m (1,099 ft)335 m (1,099 ft)852016 UAEDubai
LCT Residential Tower B333.1 m (1,093 ft)333.1 m (1,093 ft)852018 South KoreaBusan
South Asian Gate268 m (879 ft)268 m (879 ft)?2014 ChinaKunming
China Chuneng Tower333 m (1,093 ft)2017 ChinaShenzhen
Jinan Center Financial City333 m (1,093 ft) ChinaJinan
Mandarin Oriental Chengdu333 m (1,093 ft)882017 ChinaChengdu
Suning Plaza Tower 1330 m (1,080 ft)330 m (1,080 ft)772016 ChinaZhenjiang
Wuhan Yangtze River Shipping Center330 m (1,080 ft)652018 ChinaWuhan
Yuexiu Fortune Center Tower 1330 m (1,080 ft)662016 ChinaWuhan
Zhuhai St. Regis Hotel & Office Tower330 m (1,080 ft)672016 ChinaZhuhai
Hon Kwok City Center329 m (1,079 ft)329 m (1,079 ft)802015 ChinaShenzhen
Concord International Centre328 m (1,076 ft)622016 ChinaChongqing
Golden Eagle Tiandi Tower B328 m (1,076 ft)682018 ChinaNanjing
Nanjing World Trade Center Tower 1328 m (1,076 ft)328 m (1,076 ft)692016 ChinaNanjing
Gate of Taipei322 m (1,056 ft)322 m (1,056 ft)762016 TaiwanTaipei
Abu Dhabi Plaza320 m (1,050 ft)752017 KazakhstanAstana
Palais Royale Mumbai320 m (1,050 ft)320 m (1,050 ft)752015 IndiaMumbaiWill become the tallest building in India, if completed before India Tower and World One.[59]
White Magnolia Plaza319.5 m (1,048 ft)672015 ChinaShanghai
Runhua Global Center 1318 m (1,043 ft)318 m (1,043 ft)722015 ChinaChangzhou
Riverside Century Plaza Main Tower318 m (1,043 ft)318 m (1,043 ft)662015 ChinaWuhu
Chongqing IFS T1316 m (1,037 ft)652016 ChinaChongqing
Namaste Tower316 m (1,037 ft)300 m (980 ft)622017 IndiaMumbaiIt resembles the ‘Namaste’ gesture: two wings of the hotel are clasped together like hands greeting.
MahaNakhon314 m (1,030 ft)314 m (1,030 ft)772015 ThailandBangkokIt will become Thailand's tallest building upon completion in 2015.
The Stratford Residences312 m (1,024 ft)702015 PhilippinesMakatiIt will become the Philippines' highest building.
Lokhandwala Minerva307 m (1,007 ft)307 m (1,007 ft)84 or 852016 IndiaMumbaiResidential[60][61][62]
Diwang International Fortune Center303 m (994 ft)303 m (994 ft)752014 ChinaLiuzhou
Lamar Tower 2301 m (988 ft)622014 Saudi ArabiaJeddah
Century IT Park300 m
(984 ft)
592019 IndiaMumbai[63][64]
Shenglong Global Center300 m (980 ft)572017 ChinaFuzhou
Jin Wan Plaza 1300 m (980 ft)300 m (980 ft)662017 ChinaTianjin[65]
Langham Hotel Tower300 m (980 ft)300 m (980 ft)742015 ChinaDalian
Tameer Commercial Tower300 m (980 ft)742015 UAEAbu Dhabi
Supernova Spira300 m (980 ft)802015 IndiaNoida
Omkar Worli Project Tower 1300 m (980 ft)782016 IndiaMumbai
Omkar Worli Project Tower 2300 m (980 ft)772016 IndiaMumbai
Omkar Alta Monte 1300 m (980 ft)732015 IndiaMumbai
Landmark Waterfront298 m (978 ft)832018 ThailandBangkok
Bahria Icon Tower260 m (850 ft)672016 PakistanKarachi[66] It will become Pakistan's' highest building.
Kempinski Hotel260 m (850 ft)692017 Saudi ArabiaJeddah[67]

Buildings on hold[edit]

This list shows building whose construction is on hold that are planned to be, upon completion, over 300 metres (984.3 ft).

BuildingPlanned pinnacle heightProposed completionCountryCity
Bahria Mega Tower922 m (3,025 ft)2020 PakistanKarachi
Sky City838 m (2,749 ft)2014 ChinaChangsha
India Tower[68][69]700 m (2,300 ft)2016 IndiaMumbai
Port Tower Karachi560 m (1,840 ft)2012 PakistanKarachi
Doha Convention Center Tower551 m (1,808 ft)2014 QatarDoha
Pentominium516 m (1,693 ft)2014 UAEDubai
Burj Al Alam510 m (1,670 ft)2015 UAEDubai
Al Quds Endowment Tower495 m (1,624 ft)2014 QatarDoha
Dubai Towers Doha437 m (1,434 ft)2014 QatarDoha
Chongqing International Finance Centre[70][71]431 m (1,414 ft) ChinaChongqing
Marina 106425 m (1,394 ft)2012 UAEDubai
Lighthouse Tower402 m (1,319 ft)2012 UAEDubai
One Galleon Place400 m (1,300 ft)2015 PhilippinesPasig
Abu Dhabi Plaza382 m (1,253 ft)2016 KazakhstanAstana
Square Capital Tower376 m (1,234 ft)2012 KuwaitKuwait City
Parc1 Tower A338 m (1,109 ft)2013 South KoreaSeoul
Skycity335 m (1,099 ft) PhilippinesMandaluyong
Tianjin Kerry Center[72]333 m (1,093 ft) ChinaTianjin
Orchid Heights Tower A[73][74]328 m (1,076 ft)2014 IndiaMumbai
Orchid Heights Tower B[75][76]328 m (1,076 ft)2014 IndiaMumbai
Lopez Center Tower320 m (1,050 ft)2015 PhilippinesMakati
Tianjin International Trade Centre300 m (980 ft)2012 ChinaTianjin

List by continent[edit]

The following list shows the tallest completed buildings located in each continent listed by greatest to least height:

a On 14 February 2012 it became the tallest building in Latin America.[78]

ContinentBuildingHeightFloor countCompletedCountryCity
AsiaBurj Khalifa828 m (2,717 ft)1602010 United Arab EmiratesDubai
North AmericaOne World Trade Center541.32 m (1,776.0 ft)1042014 United StatesNew York City
EuropeMercury City Tower[77]339 m (1,112 ft)752012 RussiaMoscow
OceaniaQ1323 m (1,060 ft)782005 AustraliaGold Coast
South AmericaGran Torre Santiagoa300 m (980 ft)642012 ChileSantiago
AfricaCarlton Centre223 m (732 ft)501973 South AfricaJohannesburg
AntarcticaLong Duration Balloon (LDB) Payload Preparation Buildings[79]N/AN/A2005[80] AntarcticaMcMurdo Station

List of buildings with 100+ floors[edit]

See also[edit]


A. ^ Destroyed buildings not included
B. ^ Topped out but not completed.
C. ^ Topped out in 1992, when construction was halted. Work was restarted in 2008, exterior work completed in 2011; interior work ongoing.


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