List of tallest buildings in the world

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The 828 m tall Burj Khalifa in Dubai has been the tallest building in the world since 2010. The Burj Khalifa has been classified as Megatall.[1]

This article lists the world's tallest buildings, ranked by

The lists only include buildings that

For lists that include non-building structures, see

Ranking criteria and alternatives

The international non-profit organization Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat (CTBUH) was formed in 1969 and announces the title of "The World's Tallest Building" and sets the standards by which buildings are measured. It maintains a list of the 100 tallest completed buildings in the world.[2] The organization currently ranks Burj Khalifa in Dubai as the tallest at 828 m (2,717 ft).[2] The CTBUH only recognizes buildings that are complete, however, and some buildings listed within these list articles are not considered complete by the CTBUH.

In 1996, as a response to the dispute as to whether the Petronas Towers or the Sears Tower was taller,[3] the council listed and ranked buildings in four categories:

Spires are considered integral parts of the architectural design of buildings, to which changes would substantially change the appearance and design of the building, whereas antennas may be added or removed without such consequences. This naturally hurts the rankings of buildings without spires, or with antennas instead of spires, or with shorter spires. The most famous such discrepancy is that the Petronas Towers, with their spires, are ranked higher than the Willis Tower (formerly called the Sears Tower) with its antennas, despite the Petronas Towers' lower roofs and lower highest points (of spire/antenna).

However, this type of discrepancy has happened before, without resulting in a change of the criteria used to determine the world's tallest building, which until 1996 was the height to the top of the tallest architectural element (spires, but not antennae). A famous historical case of this discrepancy was the rivalry between The Trump Building (then known as the Bank of Manhattan Building) and the Chrysler Building. The Bank of Manhattan Building employed only a short spire and was 927 ft (283 m) tall and had a much higher top occupied floor (the second category in the 1996 criteria for tallest building). In contrast, the Chrysler Building employed a very large 125 ft (38 m) spire secretly assembled inside the building to claim the title of world's tallest building with a total height of 1,048 ft (319 m), despite having a lower top occupied floor and a shorter height when both buildings' spires are not counted in their heights. Upset by Chrysler's victory, Shreve & Lamb, the consulting architects of the Bank of Manhattan Building, wrote a newspaper article claiming that their building was actually the tallest, since it contained the world's highest usable floor. They pointed out that the observation deck in the Bank of Manhattan Building was nearly 100 ft (30 m) above the top floor in the Chrysler Building, whose surpassing spire was strictly ornamental and essentially inaccessible.[5] At present the issue of identifying the tallest building is not contested, as Burj Khalifa tops the list by some margin, regardless of which criterion is applied.[6][7]

Tallest skyscrapers in the world

The list includes the tallest 300 (completed and topped out) buildings in the world. As of 2014, eight of the last ten buildings to have held the record as 'tallest building in the world' are still found in the tallest 300, with the twin towers of the World Trade Center (tallest in 1972 and 1973) no longer standing, and the Woolworth Building not being high enough to make the list.

The term "country" as used in this list encompasses the broader definition of the word, and is inclusive of states and special territories (e.g. Hong Kong).

boldDenotes building that is or was once tallest in world
RankBuilding[A][8]CityCountryHeight (m)[2]Height (ft)FloorsBuilt
1Burj KhalifaDubai UAE828 m2,717 ft1632010
2Shanghai Tower[9]Shanghai China632 m2,073 ft1212014[B]
3Makkah Royal Clock Tower HotelMecca Saudi Arabia601 m[10]1,971 ft1202012
4One World Trade CenterNew York City USA541.3 m1,776 ft1042014[B]
5CTF Finance CentreGuangzhou China530 m[11]1,740 ft1112016[B]
6Taipei 101Taipei Taiwan509 m[12]1,670 ft1012004
7Shanghai World Financial CenterShanghai China492 m1,614 ft1012008
8International Commerce CentreHong Kong Hong Kong484 m1,588 ft1182010
9Petronas Tower 1Kuala Lumpur Malaysia452 m1,483 ft881998
9Petronas Tower 2Kuala Lumpur Malaysia452 m1,483 ft881998
11Zifeng TowerNanjing China450 m1,476 ft892010
12Willis Tower (Formerly Sears Tower)Chicago USA442 m 1,450 ft 1081973
13KK100Shenzhen China442 m1,449 ft1002011
14Guangzhou International Finance CenterGuangzhou China440 m1,440 ft1032010
15Trump International Hotel and Tower[13]Chicago USA423 m1,389 ft982009
16Jin Mao TowerShanghai China421 m1,380 ft881999
17Princess TowerDubai UAE414 m1,358 ft[14]1012012
18Al Hamra TowerKuwait City Kuwait413 m1,354 ft802011
192 International Finance CentreHong Kong Hong Kong412 m1,352 ft882003
2023 MarinaDubai UAE395 m1,296 ft892012
21CITIC PlazaGuangzhou China391 m1,283 ft801997
22Shun Hing SquareShenzhen China384 m1,260 ft691996
23Central Market ProjectAbu Dhabi UAE381 m1,251 ft882012
24Empire State BuildingNew York City USA381 m1,250 ft1021931
25Elite ResidenceDubai UAE380.5 m1,247 ft872012
26Tuntex Sky TowerKaohsiung Taiwan378 m1,240 ft851997
27Central PlazaHong Kong Hong Kong374 m1,227 ft781992
28Bank of China TowerHong Kong Hong Kong367 m1,205 ft701990
29Bank of America TowerNew York City USA366 m1,200 ft542009
30Almas TowerDubai UAE363 m1,191 ft682009
31The PinnacleGuangzhou China360 m1,181 ft602012
32SEG PlazaShenzhen China356 m1,168 ft702000
33JW Marriott Marquis Dubai Tower 1Dubai UAE355 m1,166 ft822012
33JW Marriott Marquis Dubai Tower 2Dubai UAE355 m1,166 ft822013
35Emirates Office TowerDubai UAE355 m1,163 ft542000
36Aon CenterChicago USA346 m1,136 ft831973
37The CenterHong Kong Hong Kong346 m1,135 ft731998
38Keangnam Hanoi Landmark TowerHanoi Vietnam345 m1,132 ft722011
39John Hancock CenterChicago USA344 m1,128 ft1001969
40Ahmed Abdul Rahim Al Attar TowerDubai UAE342 m1,122 ft762010[B]
41Mercury City TowerMoscow Russia339 m1,112 ft752012
41Hefei Feicui TV TowerHefei China339 m1,112 ft752012
43Tianjin World Financial CenterTianjin China337 m1,105 ft792010
43The Marina TorchDubai UAE337 m1,105 ft792011
45Shimao International PlazaShanghai China333 m1,094 ft612005
46Rose TowerDubai UAE333 m1,093 ft722007
47Modern Media CenterChangzhou China332 m1,089 ft572013
48Minsheng Bank BuildingWuhan China331 m1,087 ft682007
49China World Trade Center Tower 3Beijing China330 m1,083 ft742009
49Ryugyong HotelPyongyang North Korea330 m1,083 ft1051992[C]
51The IndexDubai UAE328 m1,076 ft802010
51Al Yaqoub TowerDubai UAE328 m1,076 ft692013[B]
51Longxi International HotelHuaxi Village China328 m1,076 ft722011
54The LandmarkAbu Dhabi UAE324 m1,072 ft722012
54Deji Plaza Phase 2Nanjing China324 m1,072 ft622013
56Q1Gold Coast Australia323 m1,058 ft802005
57Wenzhou World Trade CenterWenzhou China322 m1,056 ft682010
58Burj Al ArabDubai UAE321 m1,053 ft601999
59Nina TowerHong Kong Hong Kong319 m1,049 ft802007
60Chrysler BuildingNew York City USA319 m1,047 ft771930
61New York Times BuildingNew York City USA319 m1,046 ft522007
62HHHR TowerDubai UAE317 m1,042 ft722010
63Bank of America PlazaAtlanta USA317 m1,040 ft551992
64Moi CenterShenyang China311 m1,020 ft752012
65U.S. Bank TowerLos Angeles USA310 m1,018 ft731989
66Menara TelekomKuala Lumpur Malaysia310 m1,017 ft552001
66Ocean HeightsDubai UAE310 m1,017 ft822010
66Sky TowerAbu Dhabi UAE310 m1,017 ft742010
69Pearl River TowerGuangzhou China310 m1,016 ft712012
70Jumeirah Emirates Towers HotelDubai UAE309 m1,014 ft562000
71EurasiaMoscow Russia309 m1,013 ft722013[B]
72Burj RafalRiyadh Saudi Arabia308 m1,010 ft682014[B]
73Franklin CenterChicago USA307 m1,007 ft601989
74Cayan TowerDubai UAE306 m1,005 ft762013
75One57New York City USA306 m1,004 ft752013
75East Pacific Center Tower AShenzhen China306 m1,004 ft852012
75The ShardLondon UK306 m1,004 ft722012
75The Address Downtown Burj KhalifaDubai UAE306 m1,004 ft632008
79JPMorgan Chase TowerHouston USA305 m1,002 ft751982
79Etihad Tower 2[15][16]Abu Dhabi UAE305 m1,002 ft792011
81Northeast Asia Trade TowerIncheon South Korea305 m1,001 ft682010
82Baiyoke Tower IIBangkok Thailand304 m997 ft851997
83Two Prudential PlazaChicago USA303 m995 ft641990
84Moi CityWuxi China303 m994 ft722012
85Leatop PlazaGuangzhou China303 m993 ft652011
86Wells Fargo PlazaHouston USA302 m992 ft711983
86Kingdom CentreRiyadh Saudi Arabia302 m992 ft412002
88Gate of the OrientSuzhou China302 m990 ft682012
89Moscow TowerMoscow Russia302 m989 ft762010
90We've the Zenith Tower ABusan South Korea301 m987 ft802011
91Aspire TowerDoha Qatar300 m984 ft362007
91Arraya 2Kuwait City Kuwait300 m984 ft602009
91Gran Torre SantiagoSantiago Chile300 m984 ft642012
91Abeno HarukasOsaka Japan300 m984 ft592014
95One Island EastHong Kong Hong Kong298 m979 ft672008
96Shanghai Wheelock SquareShanghai China298 m978 ft582009
96First Canadian PlaceToronto Canada298 m978 ft721976
984 World Trade CenterNew York USA298 m977 ft722012
99Eureka TowerMelbourne Australia297 m975 ft912006
99Comcast CenterPhiladelphia USA297 m975 ft572008
101Yokohama Landmark TowerYokohama Japan296 m972 ft731993
102Emirates CrownDubai UAE296 m971 ft632008
103Central Park Office TowerDubai UAE294 m964 ft492011
103Khalid Al Attar Tower 2Dubai UAE294 m964 ft612010
105311 South Wacker DriveChicago USA293 m961 ft651990
105Trump Ocean Club International Hotel and TowerPanama City Panama293 m961 ft682011
107Haeundae I Park Marina Tower 2Busan South Korea292 m959 ft722012
108American International BuildingNew York City USA290 m952 ft661932
109Busan International Finance CenterBusan South Korea289 m948 ft632014
109Dongguan TBA Tower[17]Dongguan China289 m948 ft682010[B]
111Key TowerCleveland USA289 m947 ft571991
112One Liberty PlacePhiladelphia USA288 m945 ft611987
112Plaza 66 Tower OneShanghai China288 m945 ft662001
114Chongqing Poly Tower[18]Chongqing China287 m941 ft582010[B]
115Columbia CenterSeattle USA285 m937 ft761985
116Yingli TowerChongqing China285 m936 ft652012
117Millennium TowerDubai UAE285 m935 ft602006
117Sulafa TowerDubai UAE285 m935 ft752010
119Tomorrow SquareShanghai China285 m934 ft552003
120D1Dubai UAE284 m932 ft802012
121Chongqing World Trade CenterChongqing China283 m929 ft602005
122Cheung Kong CentreHong Kong Hong Kong283 m928 ft621999
12340 Wall Street (The Trump Building)New York City USA283 m927 ft701930
124Suzhou RunHua Global Building A[19]Suzhou China282 m925 ft492010
125We've the Zenith Tower BBusan South Korea282 m924 ft752011
126Vitri TowerPanama City Panama281 m922 ft752012
127Bank of America PlazaDallas USA281 m921 ft721985
128OUB CentreSingapore Singapore280 m919 ft661986
128UOB Plaza OneSingapore Singapore280 m919 ft661992
128Republic PlazaSingapore Singapore280 m919 ft661996
128Marina PinnacleDubai UAE280 m919 ft732010
132Seoul International Financial CenterSeoul South Korea279 m916 ft552012
133Citigroup CenterNew York City USA279 m915 ft591977
133Greenland PlazaZhengzhou China279 m915 ft562012
135Hong Kong New World TowerShanghai China278 m913 ft612002
136Trust Tower[20]Abu Dhabi UAE278 m912 ft602010[B]
137Etihad Tower 1[21]Abu Dhabi UAE278 m911 ft702011
138Trump International Hotel and TowerToronto Canada277 m908 ft572012
139Diwang International Commerce CenterNanning China276 m906 ft542006
140Scotia PlazaToronto Canada275 m902 ft681988
141Williams TowerHouston USA275 m901 ft641983
142Nantong Zhongnan International Plaza[22]Nantong China273 m897 ft532011
143Wuhan World Trade TowerWuhan China273 m896 ft581998
143Lvjing Tower[23]Shenzhen China273 m896 ft562011
143Shimao International CenterFuzhou China273 m896 ft562012
146Haeundae I Park Marina Tower 1Busan South Korea273 m895 ft662011
147United InternationalChongqing China271 m889 ft682012
148Renaissance TowerDallas USA270 m886 ft561974
148The Cullinan South TowerHong Kong Hong Kong270 m886 ft682008
148The Cullinan North TowerHong Kong Hong Kong270 m886 ft682008
148China International Center Tower BGuangzhou China270 m886 ft622007
152Dapeng International PlazaGuangzhou China269 m884 ft562006
153One LujiazuiShanghai China269 m883 ft472008
153JAL HotelDubai UAE269 m883 ft602008
15321st Century TowerDubai UAE269 m883 ft552003
156Bitexco Financial TowerHo Chi Minh City Vietnam269 m882 ft682010
157Naberezhnaya Tower CMoscow Russia268 m881 ft612007
158Bank of Guangzhou TowerGuangzhou China268 m878 ft572012
159Al Faisaliyah CenterRiyadh Saudi Arabia267 m876 ft442000
1598 Spruce StreetNew York City USA267 m876 ft762010
159Star Bay TowerPanama City Panama267 m876 ft652012
162Fortune Center Phase 3Beijing China266 m874 ft562012
163The PointPanama City Panama266 m873 ft652011
164The RiverBangkok Thailand265 m871 ft732012
164Bank of America Corporate CenterCharlotte USA265 m871 ft601992
166900 North MichiganChicago USA265 m869 ft661989
166Al Kazim Tower 1Dubai UAE265 m869 ft532008
166Al Kazim Tower 2Dubai UAE265 m869 ft532008
166Bocom Financial TowersShanghai China265 m869 ft522002
166120 Collins StreetMelbourne Australia265 m869 ft521991
166We've the Zenith Tower CBusan South Korea265 m869 ft702011
166WBC The Palace Towers Tower 1Busan South Korea265 m869 ft712010
166WBC The Palace Towers Tower 2Busan South Korea265 m869 ft712010
174SunTrust PlazaAtlanta USA264 m867 ft601992
175Triumph-PalaceMoscow Russia264 m866 ft542005
175Arts TowerPanama City Panama264 m866 ft802012
177Samsung Tower Palace 3, Tower GSeoul South Korea264 m865 ft732004
178Ubora TowerDubai UAE263 m862 ft582011
179Trump World TowerNew York City USA262 m859 ft722001
179Water Tower PlaceChicago USA262 m859 ft741976
179Grand Gateway Shanghai IShanghai China262 m859 ft522005
179Grand Gateway Shanghai IIShanghai China262 m859 ft522005
179AquaChicago USA262 m859 ft862009
184Aon CenterLos Angeles USA262 m858 ft621973
185East Pacific Center Tower BShenzhen China261 m856 ft722012
185Sapphire of IstanbulIstanbul Turkey261 m856 ft542010
185Grand LisboaMacau China261 m856 ft472008
185TD Canada Trust TowerToronto Canada261 m856 ft531990
185The MasterpieceHong Kong Hong Kong261 m856 ft642007
185Central Park Residential TowerDubai UAE261 m856 ft512011
191Etihad Tower 3[24]Abu Dhabi UAE260 m854 ft622011
192Vision TowerDubai UAE260 m853 ft602010
192Shanghai IFC North Tower[25]Shanghai China260 m853 ft602011
192Jing'an Kerry Center Phase 2Shanghai China260 m853 ft582012
192Sunny World CenterShenyang China260 m853 ft592012
192Bahrain Financial Harbour 1Manama Bahrain260 m853 ft532007
192Bahrain Financial Harbour 2Manama Bahrain260 m853 ft532007
192101 Collins StreetMelbourne Australia260 m853 ft501991
192Abraj Al Bait Hajar TowerMecca Saudi Arabia260 m853 ft482012
192Abraj Al Bait ZamZam TowerMecca Saudi Arabia260 m853 ft482012
192Shenzhen Special Zone Press TowerShenzhen China260 m853 ft481998
192Transamerica PyramidSan Francisco USA260 m853 ft481972
203Chase TowerChicago USA259 m850 ft601969
203GE BuildingNew York City USA259 m850 ft691933
203Commerzbank TowerFrankfurt Germany259 m850 ft561997
203PBCOM TowerMakati Philippines259 m850 ft552000
207Two Liberty PlacePhiladelphia USA258 m848 ft581990
208Huamin Imperial TowerShanghai China258 m847 ft632011
209Lanko·Grand Hyatt HotelChongqing China258 m846 ft602004
209Tianjin Hutchinson Whampoa Metro PlazaTianjin China258 m846 ft532012
211Park TowerChicago USA257 m844 ft672000
211Devon TowerOklahoma City USA257 m844 ft502012
211Ciputra World Hotel TowerJakarta Indonesia257 m844 ft492013[B]
214St. Petersburg TowerMoscow Russia257 m843 ft652010
215MesseturmFrankfurt Germany257 m842 ft551990
216U.S. Steel TowerPittsburgh USA256 m841 ft641970
216Sorrento 1Hong Kong Hong Kong256 m841 ft752003
218The Harbour Hotel & ResidenceDubai UAE256 m840 ft592007
218Ubora Tower 1Dubai UAE256 m840 ft592007
218Hyperion Tower ASeoul South Korea256 m840 ft692003
218Rinku Gate Tower BuildingIzumisano Japan256 m840 ft561996
222New Century Plaza Tower ANanjing China255 m837 ft522006
222Langham Place Office TowerHong Kong Hong Kong255 m837 ft592004
222Tower Financial CenterPanama City Panama255 m837 ft532011
222Conrad HotelDubai UAE255 m837 ft512012
226The Imperial IMumbai India254 m833 ft602009
226The Imperial IIMumbai India254 m833 ft602009
228Capital TowerSingapore Singapore253 m830 ft522000
228Chase TowerIndianapolis USA253 m830 ft481990
230HighcliffHong Kong Hong Kong252 m828 ft722003
231Bank of Shanghai HeadquartersShanghai China252 m827 ft462005
231Osaka World Trade Center BuildingOsaka Japan252 m827 ft551995
231Reflection Jomtien Beach Oceanfront Tower AChonburi Thailand252 m827 ft582013
234The HarboursideHong Kong Hong Kong251 m824 ft732003
234Rialto TowersMelbourne Australia251 m824 ft631986
236Jiali PlazaWuhan China251 m823 ft611997
237The Gramercy ResidencesMakati Philippines250 m[26]820 ft732012
237Discovery PrimeaMakati Philippines250 m[26]820 ft682013
237The Gate Tower 1Abu Dhabi UAE250 m820 ft652012
237The Gate Tower 2Abu Dhabi UAE250 m820 ft652012
237The Gate Tower 3Abu Dhabi UAE250 m820 ft652012
237Angsana Hotel Tower 1Dubai UAE250 m820 ft492008
237Angsana Hotel Tower 2Dubai UAE250 m820 ft492008
237Beijing Yintai Centre Tower 2Beijing China250 m820 ft632007
237Chelsea TowerDubai UAE250 m820 ft492005
237One Atlantic CenterAtlanta USA250 m820 ft501987
237Caja Madrid TowerMadrid Spain250 m820 ft452008
237Wisma 46Jakarta Indonesia250 m820 ft481996
237Post & Telecommunication HubGuangzhou China250 m820 ft662003
237Ahmed Khoory TowerDubai UAE250 m820 ft602012
25163 BuildingSeoul South Korea250 m819 ft601985
251The Legacy at Millennium ParkChicago USA250 m819 ft732010
251International Hainan Airlines PlazaHaikou China250 m819 ft542012
253InfinityBrisbane Australia249 m817 ft812013
253Cathay Pacific Plaza 1Ordos China249 m817 ft552012
253Cathay Pacific Plaza 2Ordos China249 m817 ft552012
253Al Tayer TowerDubai UAE249 m817 ft492009
253Metapolis 101Hwaseong City South Korea249 m817 ft662010
253Central ParkPerth Australia249 m817 ft521992
253Torre de CristalMadrid Spain249 m817 ft452008
261Midtown TowerTokyo Japan248 m814 ft542007
261CitySpire CenterNew York City USA248 m814 ft751987
263One Chase Manhattan PlazaNew York City USA248 m813 ft601960
264Midland SquareNagoya Japan247 m810 ft472007
264Metapolis 104Hwaseong City South Korea247 m810 ft662010
264State TowerBangkok Thailand247 m810 ft682001
267Conde Nast BuildingNew York City USA247 m809 ft481999
268Kai Yuen World CenterShijiazhuang China246 m808 ft532012
268MetLife BuildingNew York City USA246 m808 ft591963
270Stock Exchange PlazaShenzhen China246 m807 ft512012
271Bloomberg TowerNew York City USA246 m806 ft542005
271Qingdao International Trade Center 1Qingdao China246 m806 ft502012
271Qingdao International Trade Center 2Qingdao China246 m806 ft502012
274Federation of Korean Industries Head OfficeSeoul South Korea245 m805 ft502013
275AVIC PlazaShenzhen China245 m804 ft522012
275JR Central TowersNagoya Japan245 m804 ft512007
275Oasis Beach TowerDubai UAE245 m804 ft512006
275Al Fattan TowerDubai UAE245 m804 ft512006
275Churchill ResidencyDubai UAE245 m804 ft592010
275One Raffles QuaySingapore Singapore245 m804 ft592006
275The Sail @ Marina BaySingapore Singapore245 m804 ft592000
282Moshe Aviv TowerRamat Gan Israel244 m801 ft692003
282Varyap Meridian Grand Tower 1İstanbul Turkey244 m801 ft612012
282AAM TowerDubai UAE244 m801 ft462008
285BHP Billiton TowerPerth Australia244 m800 ft462012
286Maybank TowerKuala Lumpur Malaysia243 m799 ft501987
287SoulGold Coast Australia243 m797 ft772011
287SoleilBrisbane Australia243 m797 ft742011
287The TowerDubai UAE243 m797 ft542002
287R&F CentreGuangzhou China243 m797 ft542007
287Dalian Futures Square 1Dalian China243 m797 ft532010
287Tokyo Metropolitan Government BuildingTokyo Japan243 m797 ft481991
287Citigroup CentreSydney Australia243 m797 ft502000
287F&F TowerPanama City Panama243 m797 ft522011
295Dalian World Trade CentreDalian China242 m796 ft612000
296Federation West TowerMoscow Russia242 m795 ft622007
296Pearl TowerPanama City Panama242 m795 ft702011
298Torre WatersPanama City Panama242 m794 ft752011
299IDS TowerMinneapolis USA241 m792 ft571973
299Mellon Bank CenterPhiladelphia USA241 m792 ft541990

Photo gallery

Alternative measurements

Height to roof

Some prefer height to roof to determine tallest building in the world, as "architectural feature" is regarded as a subjective and less-fair measure. In November 2009, the CTBUH stopped using the roof height as a method of measurement for tall buildings.[27]

RankBuildingCityCountryHeight (m)Height (ft)FloorsBuilt
1Burj KhalifaDubai UAE828.0 m2,717 ft1632010
2Abraj Al-Bait TowersMecca Saudi Arabia530.0 m1,740 ft1202012
3Shanghai World Financial CenterShanghai China487.4 m1,599 ft1012008
4International Commerce CentreHong Kong Hong Kong484.0 m1,588 ft1082010
5Taipei 101Taipei Taiwan449.2 m1,471 ft1012004
6Willis TowerChicago USA442.0 m1,451 ft1081974
7Kingkey 100Shenzhen China442.0 m1,449 ft1002011
8Guangzhou International Finance CenterGuangzhou China432.0 m1,417 ft1032009
9One World Trade CenterNew York City USA417.0 m1,368 ft1042014
10International Finance CentreHong Kong Hong Kong406.9 m1,335 ft882003
1123 MarinaDubai UAE395.0 m1,296 ft892012
12Princess TowerDubai UAE392.0 m1,286 ft[14]1012012
13Empire State BuildingNew York City USA381.0 m1,250 ft1021931
14Zifeng TowerNanjing China381.0 m1,250 ft892009
15Petronas Tower 1Kuala Lumpur Malaysia378.6 m1,242 ft881998
15Petronas Tower 2Kuala Lumpur Malaysia378.6 m1,242 ft881998
16Jin Mao BuildingShanghai China370.0 m1,231 ft881998
17Al Hamra TowerKuwait City Kuwait368.0 m1,207 ft802011
18Trump International Hotel and TowerChicago USA356.6 m1,170 ft962009
19Tuntex Sky TowerKaohsiung Taiwan347.5 m1,140 ft851997
20Aon CenterChicago USA346.3 m1,136 ft831973
21John Hancock CenterChicago USA343.5 m1,127 ft1001969
22Mercury City TowerMoscow Russia339.0 m1,112 ft752012
23China World Trade Center Tower 3Beijing China333.0 m1,093 ft742008
24Ryugyong HotelPyongyang North Korea330.0 m1,083 ft1051992[C]
25The IndexDubai UAE328.0 m1,076 ft802009
26Shun Hing SquareShenzhen China324.8 m1,066 ft691996
27CITIC PlazaGuangzhou China321.9 m1,056 ft801997
28Nina TowerHong Kong Hong Kong318.8 m1,046 ft802006
29Rose TowerDubai UAE315.0 m1,033 ft722008
30Bank of China TowerHong Kong Hong Kong315.0 m1,000 ft721990
31Bank of America PlazaAtlanta USA311.8 m1,023 ft551992
32Emirates Office TowerDubai UAE311.0 m1,020 ft562000
33U.S. Bank TowerLos Angeles USA310.3 m1,018 ft731989
34Menara TelekomKuala Lumpur Malaysia310.0 m1,017 ft552001
34Almas TowerDubai UAE310.0 m1,017 ft742008
36Central PlazaHong Kong Hong Kong309.0 m1,014 ft781992
37The Address Downtown Burj KhalifaDubai UAE306.0 m1,004 ft782008
38JPMorgan Chase TowerHouston USA305.4 m1,002 ft751982
39Northeast Asia Trade TowerIncheon South Korea305.1 m1,001 ft682010
40The ShardLondon UK304.1 m998 ft722012
41Baiyoke Tower IIBangkok Thailand304.0 m997 ft851997
42Wells Fargo PlazaHouston USA302.4 m992 ft711983
43Kingdom CentreRiyadh Saudi Arabia302.0 m991 ft412002
44Moscow TowerMoscow Russia302.0 m989 ft762010
45We've the ZenithBusan South Korea301.0 m988 ft802011
46First Canadian PlaceToronto Canada298.1 m978 ft721975
47Comcast CenterPhiladelphia USA297.2 m975 ft572008
48Eureka TowerMelbourne Australia297.0 m984 ft912006
49Yokohama Landmark TowerYokohama Japan295.8 m970 ft701993
50311 South Wacker DriveChicago USA292.9 m961 ft551990
50I'Park MarinaBusan South Korea292.1 m958 ft722011

Height to pinnacle (highest point)

This measurement disregards distinctions between architectural and non-architectural extensions, and simply measures to the highest point. This measurement is useful for air traffic obstacle determinations, and is also a wholly objective measure. However, this measurement includes extensions that are easily added, removed, and modified from a building and are independent of the overall structure.

This measurement only recently came to use, when the Petronas Towers passed the Sears Tower (now called Willis Tower) in height. The former was considered taller because its spires were considered architectural, while the latter's antennae were not. This led to the split of definitions, with the Sears Tower claiming the lead in this and the height-to-roof (now highest occupied floor) categories, and with the Petronas claiming the lead in the architectural height category.

RankBuildingCityCountryHeightFloorsBuilt
1Burj KhalifaDubai UAE829.8 m2,722 ft1632010
2Abraj Al-Bait TowersMecca Saudi Arabia601 m[10]1,971 ft1202012
3One World Trade CenterNew York City USA546.2 m1,792 ft1042014
4Willis TowerChicago USA527.0 m1,729 ft1081974
5Taipei 101Taipei Taiwan509.0 m1,669 ft1012004
6Shanghai World Financial CenterShanghai China494.4 m1,614 ft1012008
7International Commerce CentreHong Kong Hong Kong484.0 m1,588 ft1082010
8John Hancock CenterChicago USA457.2 m1,500 ft1001969
9Petronas Tower 1Kuala Lumpur Malaysia452.0 m1,483 ft881998
9Petronas Tower 2Kuala Lumpur Malaysia452.0 m1,483 ft881998
10Zifeng TowerNanjing China450.0 m1,476 ft892009
11Empire State BuildingNew York City USA443.2 m1,454 ft1021931
12Kingkey 100Shenzhen China442 m1,449 ft1002011
13Guangzhou International Finance CenterGuangzhou China440.5 m1,445 ft1032009
14Trump International Hotel and TowerChicago USA423.4 m1,389 ft962009
15Jin Mao TowerShanghai China421.0 m1,381 ft881998
16International Finance CentreHong Kong Hong Kong416.5 m1,366 ft882003
17Princess TowerDubai UAE414.0 m1,358 ft[14]1012012
18Al Hamra TowerKuwait City Kuwait412.6 m1,354 ft802010
1923 MarinaDubai UAE395 m1,296 ft892012
20CITIC PlazaGuangzhou China391.0 m1,283 ft801997
21Shun Hing SquareShenzhen China384.0 m1,260 ft691996
22Tuntex Sky TowerKaohsiung Taiwan378.0 m1,240 ft851997
23Emirates Park Tower 1Dubai UAE376.0 m1,234 ft772010
23Emirates Park Tower 2Dubai UAE376.0 m1,234 ft772010
25Central PlazaHong Kong Hong Kong374.0 m1,227 ft781992
26Bank of China TowerHong Kong Hong Kong367.4 m1,205 ft721990
27Bank of America TowerNew York City USA365.8 m1,200 ft542008
28Almas TowerDubai UAE363.0 m1,191 ft682008
29Emirates Office TowerDubai UAE356.4 m1,169 ft562000
30SEG PlazaShenzhen China355.8 m1,167 ft702000
31First Canadian PlaceToronto Canada355.0 m1,165 ft721975
32The TorchDubai UAE348.1 m1,142 ft802011
33Aon CenterChicago USA346.3 m1,136 ft831973
34The CenterHong Kong Hong Kong346.0 m1,135 ft731998
35Ahmed Abdul Rahim Al Attar TowerDubai UAE342.0 m1,122 ft762010
36Mercury City TowerMoscow Russia339 m1,112 ft752012
36Conde Nast BuildingNew York City USA338.0 m1,109 ft481999
37Tianjin World Financial CenterTianjin China336.9 m1,105 ft792010
38Shanghai Shimao International PlazaShanghai China333.0 m1,094 ft602005
39Rose TowerDubai UAE333.0 m1,093 ft722008
40Minsheng Bank BuildingWuhan China331.0 m1,086 ft682007
41Ryugyong HotelPyongyang North Korea330.0 m1,083 ft1051992[C]
41China World Trade Center Tower 3Beijing China330.0 m1,083 ft742008
41Baiyoke Tower IIBangkok Thailand328.0 m1,076 ft851997
41The IndexDubai UAE328.0 m1,076 ft802009
41Al Yaqoub TowerDubai UAE328.0 m1,076 ft722010
41Hanging Village of HuaxiHuaxi Village China328.0 m1,076 ft722011
47The LandmarkAbu Dhabi UAE324.0 m1072 ft722010[B]
48Q1Gold Coast Australia322.5 m1,058 ft782005
49Wenzhou World Trade CenterWenzhou China322.0 m1,056 ft682010
50Burj Al ArabDubai UAE321.0 m1,053 ft601999
51Chrysler BuildingNew York City USA318.9 m1,046 ft771930
51New York Times BuildingNew York City USA318.9 m1,046 ft522007
53Nina TowerHong Kong China318.8 m1,046 ft802006
54HHHR TowerDubai UAE317.8 m1,042 ft722010
55Bank of America PlazaAtlanta USA317.8 m1,042 ft551992
56U.S. Bank TowerLos Angeles USA310.3 m1,018 ft731989
57Ocean HeightsDubai UAE310.0 m1,017 ft822010
57Menara TelekomKuala Lumpur Malaysia310.0 m1,017 ft552001
57Sky TowerAbu Dhabi UAE310.0 m1,017 ft742010
60Pearl River TowerGuangzhou China310.0 m1,016 ft712012
61The ShardLondon UK309.6 m1,016 ft952012
62Jumeirah Emirates Towers HotelDubai UAE309.0 m1,014 ft562000
63AT&T Corporate CenterChicago USA307.0 m1,007 ft602001
64The Address Downtown Burj KhalifaDubai UAE306.0 m1,004 ft632008
65JPMorganChase TowerHouston USA305.4 m1,002 ft751982
66Etihad Tower 2[15][16]Abu Dhabi UAE305.4 m1,002 ft792011
67Northeast Asia Trade TowerIncheon South Korea305.1 m1,001 ft682010
68Two Prudential PlazaChicago USA303.3 m995 ft641990
69Leatop PlazaGuangzhou China302.7 m993 ft652012
70Wells Fargo PlazaHouston USA302.4 m992 ft711983
71One Shell PlazaHouston USA302.4 m992 ft501971
72Kingdom CentreRiyadh Saudi Arabia302.0 m991 ft412002
73Moscow TowerMoscow Russia302.0 m989 ft762010
74We've the ZenithBusan South Korea301.0 m988 ft802011
75Commerzbank TowerFrankfurt Germany300.1 m985 ft531997
75Aspire TowerDoha Qatar300.0 m984 ft362007
75Arraya 2Kuwait City Kuwait300.0 m984 ft602009

Skyscrapers under construction

This section contains a list of skyscrapers taller than 300 metres or 65 floors.

BuildingPlanned pinnacle heightPlanned roof heightFloorsPlanned completionCountryCityRemarks
Kingdom Tower1,000 m (3,300 ft)1,000 m (3,300 ft)1672019 Saudi ArabiaJeddah
Ping'an International Finance Center660 m (2,170 ft)555 m (1,821 ft)1152016 ChinaShenzhen
Wuhan Greenland Center636 m (2,087 ft)606 m (1,988 ft)1242017 ChinaWuhan
Warisan Merdeka610 m (2,000 ft)1182020 MalaysiaKuala Lumpur
Goldin Finance 117597 m (1,959 ft)597 m (1,959 ft)1172015 ChinaTianjin
Rose Rock IFC588 m (1,929 ft)588 m (1,929 ft)1002015 ChinaTianjin
Lotte World Tower555 m (1,821 ft)554.6 m (1,820 ft)1232015 South KoreaSeoulWill become the tallest building in the OECD with the tallest observation deck in the world.[28]
Tianjin Chow Tai Fook Binhai Center530 m (1,740 ft)972017 ChinaTianjin
CTF Finance Centre530 m (1,740 ft)494.5 m (1,622 ft)1112016 ChinaGuangzhouTopped out, 10 July 2014
China Zun528 m (1,732 ft)528 m (1,732 ft)1112017 ChinaBeijing
Dalian Greenland Center518 m (1,699 ft)518 m (1,699 ft)882016 ChinaDalian
Busan Lotte Town Tower510 m (1,670 ft)510 m (1,670 ft)1072016 South KoreaBusan
Qatar National Bank Tower510 m (1,670 ft)510 m (1,670 ft)1012014 QatarDoha
Federation Tower509 m (1,670 ft)360 m (1,180 ft)932016 RussiaMoscow
International Commerce Center 1468 m (1,535 ft)430 m (1,410 ft)992016 ChinaChongqing
Tianjin R&F Guangdong Tower468 m (1,535 ft)384 m (1,260 ft)912016 ChinaTianjin
Lakhta Center463 m (1,519 ft)862018 RussiaSt. PetersburgWill become tallest building in Europe upon completion.[29]
Riverview Plaza460 m (1,510 ft)822016 ChinaWuhan
Suzhou Supertower452 m (1,483 ft)922016 ChinaSuzhou[30]
World One442 m (1,450 ft)442 m (1,450 ft)1172016 IndiaMumbaiWill become tallest residential skyscraper in the world if completed before Pentominium.[31][32][33][34][35][36]
Wuhan Center438 m (1,437 ft)438 m (1,437 ft)882015 ChinaWuhan
Diamond Tower432 m (1,417 ft)395 m (1,296 ft)932017 Saudi ArabiaJeddah
Dream Dubai Marina432 m (1,417 ft)1012014 United Arab EmiratesDubai
432 Park Avenue426 m (1,398 ft)426 m (1,398 ft)892016 USANew York City
LCT Landmark Tower411.6 m (1,350 ft)411.6 m (1,350 ft)1012018 South KoreaBusan
Two World Trade Center411 m (1,348 ft)387 m (1,270 ft)792015 USANew York CityAlso known as 200 Greenwich Street[37]
Nanjing Olympic Suning Tower400 m (1,300 ft)400 m (1,300 ft)882017 ChinaNanjing
Ningbo Center398 m (1,306 ft)398 m (1,306 ft)2017 ChinaNingbo
Capital Market Authority Headquarters385 m (1,263 ft)385 m (1,263 ft)772014 Saudi ArabiaRiyadh
Forum 66 Tower 1384 m (1,260 ft)384 m (1,260 ft)762014 ChinaShenyang
Eton Place Dalian Tower 1383 m (1,257 ft)383 m (1,257 ft)802014 ChinaDalian
The Domain381 m (1,250 ft)381 m (1,250 ft)882014 UAEAbu Dhabi
Three World Trade Center378 m (1,240 ft)349.7 m (1,147 ft)712014 USANew York CityAlso known as 175 Greenwich Street[38]
Oberoi Oasis Residential Tower372 m (1,220 ft)[39]356 m (1,168 ft)822015 IndiaMumbai
Zhujiang New City Tower371 m (1,217 ft)371 m (1,217 ft)872015 ChinaGuangzhou
VietinBank Business Center Office Tower363 m (1,191 ft)321 m (1,053 ft)682016 VietnamHanoi
World View/Queens Tower360 m (1,180 ft)360 m (1,180 ft)902016 IndiaMumbai[31][33][34][40]
Sino-Steel Tower355 m (1,165 ft)772014 ChinaTianjin
Oko Tower352 m (1,155 ft)352 m (1,155 ft)912015 RussiaMoscow
Forum 66 Tower 2351 m (1,152 ft)682015 ChinaShenyang
Lamar Tower 1350 m (1,150 ft)722014 Saudi ArabiaJeddah
Gezhouba International Plaza350 m (1,150 ft)692017 ChinaWuhan
Xiamen International Center339 m (1,112 ft)339.88 m (1,115.1 ft)812016 ChinaXiamen[41]
LCT Residential Tower A339.1 m (1,113 ft)339.1 m (1,113 ft)852018 South KoreaBusan
The Wharf Times Square339 m (1,112 ft)682014 ChinaWuxi
Chongqing World Financial Center339 m (1,112 ft)339 m (1,112 ft)732014 ChinaChongqing
Orchid Crown Tower 1337 m (1,106 ft)337 m (1,106 ft)752015 IndiaMumbai[42][43]
Orchid Crown Tower 2337 m (1,106 ft)337 m (1,106 ft)752015 IndiaMumbai[44][45]
Orchid Crown Tower 3337 m (1,106 ft)337 m (1,106 ft)752015 IndiaMumbai[46][47]
ADNOC Headquarters335.3 m (1,100 ft)652014 UAEAbu Dhabi
Wilshire Grand Tower335 m (1,099 ft)335 m (1,099 ft)732017 USALos Angeles
DAMAC Heights335 m (1,099 ft)335 m (1,099 ft)852016 UAEDubai
LCT Residential Tower B333.1 m (1,093 ft)333.1 m (1,093 ft)852018 South KoreaBusan
South Asian Gate333 m (1,093 ft)333 m (1,093 ft)832014 ChinaKunming
Tianjin Kerry Center333 m (1,093 ft)333 m (1,093 ft)722014 ChinaTianjin
Suning Plaza Tower 1330 m (1,080 ft)330 m (1,080 ft)772016 ChinaZhenjiang
Nanjing World Trade Center Tower 1328 m (1,076 ft)328 m (1,076 ft)692015 ChinaNanjing
Han Kwok City Center329 m (1,079 ft)329 m (1,079 ft)802015 ChinaShenzhen
Yantai Shimao No.1 The Harbour323 m (1,060 ft)572014 ChinaYantai
Gate of Taipei322 m (1,056 ft)322 m (1,056 ft)762016 TaiwanTaipei
Abu Dhabi Plaza320 m (1,050 ft)752017 KazakhstanAstana
Palais Royale Mumbai320 m (1,050 ft)320 m (1,050 ft)752014 IndiaMumbaiWill become the tallest building in India, if completed before India Tower and World One.[48]
White Magnolia Plaza319.5 m (1,048 ft)672015 ChinaShanghai
Runhua Global Center 1318 m (1,043 ft)318 m (1,043 ft)722014 ChinaChangzhou
Riverside Century Plaza Main Tower318 m (1,043 ft)318 m (1,043 ft)662015 ChinaWuhu
Namaste Tower316 m (1,037 ft)300 m (980 ft)622014 IndiaMumbaiIt resembles the ‘Namaste’ gesture: two wings of the hotel are clasped together like hands greeting.
Magnolias Waterfront Residences ICONSIAM Tower I315 m (1,033 ft)702017 ThailandBangkokIt will become Thailand's tallest building upon completion in 2017.
MahaNakhon313 m (1,027 ft)314 m (1,030 ft)772015 ThailandBangkokIt will become Thailand's tallest building upon completion in 2015.
The Stratford Residences312 m (1,024 ft)702015 PhilippinesMakatiIt will become the Philippines' highest building.
Guangzhou Fortune Center309 m (1,014 ft)309 m (1,014 ft)682014 ChinaGuangzhou
Eurasia309 m (1,014 ft)305 m (1,001 ft)722014 RussiaMoscow
Bahria Icon Tower 1309 m (1,014 ft)309 m (1,014 ft)672015 PakistanKarachiIt will become Pakistan's' highest building.
Shenyang New World International Convention & Exhibition Center Tower 1308 m (1,010 ft)277 m (909 ft)602014 ChinaShenyang
Shenyang New World International Convention & Exhibition Center Tower 2308 m (1,010 ft)277 m (909 ft)602014 ChinaShenyang
Landmark Waterfront305 m (1,001 ft)772017 ThailandBangkok
Lokhandwala Minerva304 m (997 ft)304 m (997 ft)822015 IndiaMumbaiResidential[49][50]
The Wharf International Financial Square Chongqing304 m (997 ft)642014 ChinaChongqing
Shenzhen World Finance Center304 m (997 ft)304 m (997 ft)682014 ChinaShenzhen
KAFD World Trade Center303 m (994 ft)303 m (994 ft)672014 Saudi ArabiaRiyadh
Diwang International Fortune Center303 m (994 ft)303 m (994 ft)752014 ChinaLiuzhou
Kempinski Hotel303 m (994 ft)303 m (994 ft)692014 Saudi ArabiaJeddah
Four Seasons Tower303 m (994 ft)303 m (994 ft)652014 ChinaTianjin
Gate of the Orient302 m (991 ft)302 m (991 ft)742014 ChinaSuzhou
Heung Kong Tower301 m (988 ft)301 m (988 ft)702014 ChinaShenzhen
Lamar Tower 2301 m (988 ft)622014 Saudi ArabiaJeddah
Century IT Park300 m (980 ft)592015 IndiaMumbai
Xiamen Shimao Cross-Strait Plaza Tower A300 m (980 ft)249.9 m (820 ft)672014 ChinaXiamen
Xiamen Shimao Cross-Strait Plaza Tower B300 m (980 ft)249.9 m (820 ft)592014 ChinaXiamen
Shenglong Global Center300 m (980 ft)249.5 m (819 ft)572015 ChinaFuzhou
Jin Wan Plaza 1300 m (980 ft)300 m (980 ft)662015 ChinaTianjin
Langham Hotel Tower300 m (980 ft)300 m (980 ft)742015 ChinaDalian
Tameer Commercial Tower300 m (980 ft)742015 UAEAbu Dhabi
Supernova Spira300 m (980 ft)802015 IndiaNoida
Omkar Worli Project Tower 1300 m (980 ft)782016 IndiaMumbai
Omkar Worli Project Tower 2300 m (980 ft)772016 IndiaMumbai
Omkar Alta Monte 1300 m (980 ft)732015 IndiaMumbai

Skyscrapers on-hold

This list ranks skyscrapers whose construction is on-hold that are planned to rise over 300 metres (984.3 ft).

BuildingPlanned pinnacle heightProposed completionCountryCity
Sky City838 m (2,749 ft)2014 ChinaChangsha
India Tower[51][52]700 m (2,300 ft)2016 IndiaMumbai
Doha Convention Center Tower551 m (1,808 ft)2014 QatarDoha
Pentominium516 m (1,693 ft)2014 UAEDubai
Burj Al Alam510 m (1,670 ft)2015 UAEDubai
Al Quds Endowment Tower495 m (1,624 ft)2014 QatarDoha
Dubai Towers Doha437 m (1,434 ft)2014 QatarDoha
Chongqing International Finance Centre[53][54]431 m (1,414 ft) ChinaChongqing
Marina 106425 m (1,394 ft)2012 UAEDubai
Lighthouse Tower402 m (1,319 ft)2012 UAEDubai
One Galleon Place400 m (1,300 ft)2015 PhilippinesPasig
Abu Dhabi Plaza382 m (1,253 ft)2016 KazakhstanAstana
Square Capital Tower376 m (1,234 ft)2012 KuwaitKuwait City
Parc1 Tower A338 m (1,109 ft)2013 South KoreaSeoul
Skycity335 m (1,099 ft) PhilippinesMandaluyong
Orchid Heights Tower A[55][56]328 m (1,076 ft)2014 IndiaMumbai
Orchid Heights Tower B[57][58]328 m (1,076 ft)2014 IndiaMumbai
Lopez Center Tower320 m (1,050 ft)2015 PhilippinesMakati
Tianjin International Trade Centre300 m (980 ft)2012 ChinaTianjin

List by continent

The following table is a list of the tallest completed buildings by each continent (listed by building height):

a On 14 February 2012 it became the tallest building in Latin America.[60]

ContinentBuildingHeightFloor countCompletedCountryCity
AsiaBurj Khalifa828 m (2,717 ft)1602010 United Arab EmiratesDubai
North AmericaOne World Trade Center541.32 m (1,776.0 ft)1042014 United StatesNew York City
EuropeMercury City Tower[59]339 m (1,112 ft)752012 RussiaMoscow
OceaniaQ1323 m (1,060 ft)782005 AustraliaGold Coast
South AmericaGran Torre Santiagoa300 m (980 ft)642012 ChileSantiago
AfricaCarlton Centre223 m (732 ft)501973 South AfricaJohannesburg
AntarcticaLong Duration Balloon (LDB) Payload Preparation Buildings[61]N/AN/A2005[62] AntarcticaMcMurdo Station

List of buildings with 100+ floors

See also

Notes

A. ^ Destroyed buildings not included
B. ^ Topped out but not completed.
C. ^ Topped out in 1992, when construction was halted. Work was restarted in 2008, exterior work completed in 2011; interior work ongoing.

References

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  2. ^ a b c "100 tallest completed buildings in the world". CTBUH. Retrieved 27 April 2012. 
  3. ^ Lynn S. Beedle. "Tallest: Petronas vs. Sears Tower Controversy". Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat. Retrieved 2014-08-24. 
  4. ^ "CTBUH changes height criteria, Burj Khalifa height increases". Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat. 17 November 2009. Retrieved 18 November 2009. 
  5. ^ Binders, George (August 2006). 101 of the World's Tallest Buildings. p. 102.
  6. ^ "Tall Buildings In Numbers Vanity Height". Ctbuh.org. Retrieved 2013-09-21. 
  7. ^ "Most of the World's Tallest Buildings Game the System With 'Vanity Height' - Jenny Xie". The Atlantic Cities. 2013-09-09. Retrieved 2013-09-21. 
  8. ^ Adapted from Emporis - World's Tallest Skyscrapers
  9. ^ "China tallest building, Shanghai Tower, gets final beam". 3 August 2013. Retrieved 4 August 2013. 
  10. ^ a b Abraj Al-Bait Towers at CTBUH
  11. ^ CTF Finance Centre at CTBUH
  12. ^ Taipei 101 at CTBUH
  13. ^ CTBUH: Trump Tower Chicago
  14. ^ a b c "Princess Tower | Buildings". Dubai /: Emporis. Retrieved 2012-08-21. 
  15. ^ a b "Stellar Tower". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-05-16. 
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  28. ^ CTBUH. "Lotte World Tower Facts | CTBUH Skyscraper Database". Buildingdb.ctbuh.org. Retrieved 2012-03-12. 
  29. ^ Lakhta Center Facts | CTBUH Skyscraper Database
  30. ^ Suzhou Supertower Facts | CTBUH Skyscraper Database
  31. ^ a b "Lodha’s premium project require a capex of Rs 2000 crore". Moneycontrol.com. Retrieved 2010-07-16. 
  32. ^ (AFP) – Jun 7, 2010 (2010-06-07). "AFP: Mumbai plans world's tallest apartment block". Google.com. Retrieved 2010-07-16. 
  33. ^ a b "Sakaal Times". Sakaal Times. 2010-06-08. Retrieved 2010-07-16. 
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