List of tallest buildings in the United States

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - View original article

 
Jump to: navigation, search

The United States is home to some of the world's tallest skyscrapers; eleven American buildings have held the title of tallest building in the world, and every titleholder from 1890 to 1998 was in the United States.[1] New York and Chicago have always been the centers of US skyscraper building. The 10-story Home Insurance Building, built in Chicago in 1885, is regarded as the world's first skyscraper; the building was constructed using a novel steel-loadbearing frame. As of 2011, only 4 of the 25 tallest buildings in the world are in the United States; before 1990, the US had had all of the top ten tallest buildings. As of 2013, One World Trade Center in New York City is the tallest skyscraper in The United States. Its spire brings the structure to a symbolic height of 1,776 feet (541 m), connoting the year The Declaration of Independence was signed, though the tip of the structure actually is measured at 1,792 ft (546.2 m).[2] However, One World Trade Center's roof, observation deck elevation and highest occupied floor are all surpassed by Willis Tower.[3]

Prior to the September 11, 2001 attacks in New York City, the twin towers of the World Trade Center occupied the second and third positions on the list below. The North Tower stood at 1,368 feet (417 m), while the South was 1,362 feet (415 m) tall. They are the only buildings that would have qualified for the list but which are no longer standing.

The Chicago Spire (previously known as the Fordham Spire) was under construction in Chicago, Illinois in 2008, but has not had any work done since. However, a reorganization proposal has been sent into the city, which may be approved by August 2014; if completed, it will be the tallest building in the United States, rising 2,000 ft into the sky. In July 2011, real estate developer Bill Davies announced a proposal for a massive Old Chicago Main Post Office Redevelopment plan for Downtown Chicago that would include a 120 story twin tower that would also rise 2,000 feet (610 m). Other tall buildings that are either proposed or under construction include the Wilshire Grand Tower in Los Angeles (1,100 feet (335 m), the Comcast Innovation and Technology Center in Philadelphia (1,121 feet (342 m), the Salesforce Tower (1,070 feet (326 m) in San Francisco, and One Bayfront Plaza (1,010 feet (308 m) in Miami, Florida. The Comcast Innovation and Technology Center in Downtown Philadelphia will become the tallest building in the country outside of New York and Chicago.

Tallest buildings[edit]

This lists ranks completed and topped out buildings in the United States that stand at least 300 feet (91 m) tall, based on standard height measurement. This includes spires and architectural details but does not include antenna masts. An equal sign (=) following a rank indicates the same height between two or more buildings. The "Year" column indicates the year in which a building was completed.

  Was the world's tallest building upon completion
RankNameImageLocationHeight
ft (m)
FloorsYearNotes
1One World Trade Center*OneWorldTradeCenter.jpgNew York City
40°42′46.45″N 74°0′47.53″W / 40.7129028°N 74.0132028°W / 40.7129028; -74.0132028
01.01,776 (541)1042014
Topped out on May 10, 2013 to become the tallest building in the Western Hemisphere and the 4th-tallest building in the world, briefly referred to as the Freedom Tower during its planning stages.[4][5][6][7]
2Willis Tower[A]Sears Tower ss.jpgChicago
41°52′43.82″N 87°38′9.73″W / 41.8788389°N 87.6360361°W / 41.8788389; -87.6360361
01.21,451 (442)1081974Formerly known, and still commonly referred to, as the Sears Tower. It is the second tallest building in the Western Hemisphere and the 11th tallest building in the world.[8][9] 11th-tallest building in the world, and tallest building in Chicago.
3Trump International Hotel and Tower20090518 Trump International Hotel and Tower, Chicago.jpgChicago
41°53′19.84″N 87°37′35.18″W / 41.8888444°N 87.6264389°W / 41.8888444; -87.6264389
02.01,389 (423)98200915th-tallest building in the world; once planned to be the tallest in the world prior to World Trade Center attacks.
4Empire State Building[A]Empire State Building from the Top of the Rock.jpgNew York City
40°44′54.47″N 73°59′8.5″W / 40.7484639°N 73.985694°W / 40.7484639; -73.985694
03.01,250 (381)102193123rd-tallest building in the world; tallest building in the world from 1931 until 1972; first building in the world to contain over 100 floors; tallest building built in the U.S. and the world in the 1930s[10][11]
5Bank of America Tower1095 Avenue of the Americas and Bank of America Tower.jpgNew York City
40°45′19.36″N 73°59′3.92″W / 40.7553778°N 73.9844222°W / 40.7553778; -73.9844222
03.11,200 (366)5520093rd-tallest building in New York City and the 26th-tallest building in the world.[12][13]
6Aon Center2006-06-07 840x1500 chicago aon building.jpgChicago
41°53′6.79″N 87°37′17.41″W / 41.8852194°N 87.6215028°W / 41.8852194; -87.6215028
04.01,136 (346)83197330th-tallest building in the world[14][15]
7John Hancock CenterJohn Hancock Center.jpgChicago
41°53′55.61″N 87°37′22.93″W / 41.8987806°N 87.6230361°W / 41.8987806; -87.6230361
05.01,127 (344)100196934th-tallest building in the world; first trussed-tube building in the world; contains some of the highest residential units in the world; tallest building built in the U.S. in the 1960s[16][17]
8Chrysler Building[A]Chrysler Building by David Shankbone Retouched.jpgNew York City
40°45′5.44″N 73°58′31.84″W / 40.7515111°N 73.9755111°W / 40.7515111; -73.9755111
06.01,046 (319)77193050th-tallest building in the world; tallest man-made structure in the world from 1930 until 1931; First building to be more than 1,000 feet tall; tallest brick building in the world.[18][19]
9The New York Times BuildingNew York Times Building.jpgNew York City
40°45′21.77″N 73°59′24.21″W / 40.7560472°N 73.9900583°W / 40.7560472; -73.9900583
07.01,046 (319)52200750th-tallest building in the world, its record is tied with the Chrysler Building[20][21]
10Bank of America PlazaBankofamerica-atlanta-feb09.jpgAtlanta
33°46′14.9″N 84°23′10.75″W / 33.770806°N 84.3863194°W / 33.770806; -84.3863194
08.01,023 (312)55199253rd-tallest building in the world; tallest building in Atlanta and the Southern United States; tallest building located in a state capital; tallest building in the U.S. outside of New York and Chicago; tallest building built in the U.S. in the 1990s[22][23]
11U.S. Bank TowerLos Angeles Library Tower (small).jpgLos Angeles
34°3′3.85″N 118°15′16.03″W / 34.0510694°N 118.2544528°W / 34.0510694; -118.2544528
09.01,018 (310)73198964th-tallest building in the world; tallest building in Los Angeles; tallest building in California; tallest building west of the Mississippi River and on the West Coast; tallest building in the world with a helipad on the roof[24][25]
12Franklin Center2010-07-12 1240x1860 chicago at&t corporate center.jpgChicago
41°52′49.19″N 87°38′5.23″W / 41.8803306°N 87.6347861°W / 41.8803306; -87.6347861
10.01,007 (307)60198954th-tallest building in the world. Originally known as the AT&T Corporate Center at its inauguration in 1989, the name was changed after Tishman Speyer acquired the building and the adjacent USG complex in 2004.[26][27]
13One57*One57 from Columbus Circle, May 2014.pngNew York City10.01,005 (306)752014[28][29]
14JPMorgan Chase TowerJpmorganchase.jpgHouston
29°45′34.50″N 95°21′48.44″W / 29.7595833°N 95.3634556°W / 29.7595833; -95.3634556
11.01,002 (305)75198262nd-tallest building in the world; tallest building in Houston and Texas; tallest 5-sided building in the world[30][31]
15Two Prudential Plaza2006-08-16 1580x2800 chicago two pru.jpgChicago
41°53′7.43″N 87°37′21.77″W / 41.8853972°N 87.6227139°W / 41.8853972; -87.6227139
12.0995 (303)64199066th-tallest building in the world[32][33]
16Wells Fargo PlazaWells Fargo Bank Plaza, Houston, from base.jpgHouston
29°45′30.17″N 95°22′5.81″W / 29.7583806°N 95.3682806°W / 29.7583806; -95.3682806
13.0992 (302)71198368th-tallest building in the world[34][35]
17Four World Trade Center4 WTC May 17 2013.jpgNew York City
40°42′37.36″N 74°0′42.88″W / 40.7103778°N 74.0119111°W / 40.7103778; -74.0119111
03.0977 (297)72201395th-tallest building in the world, Also known as 150 Greenwich Street[36]
18Comcast CenterComcast Philly.JPGPhiladelphia
39°57′17.21″N 75°10′6.73″W / 39.9547806°N 75.1685361°W / 39.9547806; -75.1685361
14.0975 (297)57200796th-tallest building in the world; tallest building in Philadelphia; tallest building in Pennsylvania[37][38]
19311 South Wacker Drive311 South Wacker Drive 060528.jpgChicago
41°52′38.78″N 87°38′8.08″W / 41.8774389°N 87.6355778°W / 41.8774389; -87.6355778
15.0961 (293)651990102nd-tallest building in the world[39][40]
2070 Pine StreetAmerican International Building3.JPGNew York City
40°42′22.9″N 74°0′26.67″W / 40.706361°N 74.0074083°W / 40.706361; -74.0074083
16.0952 (290)661932105th-tallest building in the world[41][42] 70 Pine Street is being converted into a residential skyscraper with 644 rental residences and 132 hotel rooms [43]
21Key TowerKey tower.jpgCleveland
41°30′3.21″N 81°41′37.14″W / 41.5008917°N 81.6936500°W / 41.5008917; -81.6936500
17.0947 (289)571991107th-tallest building in the world; tallest building in Cleveland and Ohio; tallest building in the Midwestern United States outside of Chicago; tallest building in the United States between New York City and Chicago until the 2007 completion of Comcast Center[44][45]
22One Liberty PlaceOne liberty place.JPGPhiladelphia
39°57′9.25″N 75°10′5.21″W / 39.9525694°N 75.1681139°W / 39.9525694; -75.1681139
18.0945 (288)611987108th-tallest building in the world. First building in Philadelphia constructed taller than Philadelphia City Hall, completed 86 years earlier.[46][47]
23Columbia CenterColumbia center from smith tower.jpgSeattle
47°36′16.93″N 122°19′50.21″W / 47.6047028°N 122.3306139°W / 47.6047028; -122.3306139
19.0943 (287)761985113th-tallest building in the world; tallest building in Seattle and Washington; second-tallest building on the West Coast. Tallest observation deck on the West Coast and west of the Mississippi.[48][49]
24The Trump Building[A]40 Wall Street New York City at Sunset C R.jpgNew York City
40°42′25.05″N 74°0′34.73″W / 40.7069583°N 74.0096472°W / 40.7069583; -74.0096472
20.0927 (283)701930121st-tallest building in the world; tallest building in the world for two months in 1930 until the completion of the Chrysler Building, also known as 40 Wall Street.[50][51]
25Bank of America PlazaBank of America Plaza - Dallas.jpgDallas
32°46′48″N 96°48′14.47″W / 32.78000°N 96.8040194°W / 32.78000; -96.8040194
22.0921 (281)721985124th-tallest building in the world; tallest building in Dallas[52][53]
26Citigroup CenterCitigroup center.jpgNew York City
40°45′29.98″N 73°58′11.99″W / 40.7583278°N 73.9699972°W / 40.7583278; -73.9699972
22.0915 (279)591977130th-tallest building in the world.[54][55]
27Williams TowerWilliamstower.jpgHouston
29°44′13.69″N 95°27′40.6″W / 29.7371361°N 95.461278°W / 29.7371361; -95.461278
23.0901 (275)641983138th-tallest building in the world; tallest building in the world located outside of a city's central business district[56][57]
28Renaissance TowerDallas Renaissance Tower 1.jpgDallas
32°46′52.12″N 96°48′6.68″W / 32.7811444°N 96.8018556°W / 32.7811444; -96.8018556
24.0886 (270)561974145th-tallest building in the world; originally constructed at a height of 710 feet (216 m); rooftop spires were added in 1987, increasing the building's structural height to 886 feet (270 m).[58][59]
29Bank of America Corporate CenterBank of America Corporate Center.jpgCharlotte
35°13′37.89″N 80°50′32.24″W / 35.2271917°N 80.8422889°W / 35.2271917; -80.8422889
26.0871 (265)601992161st-tallest building in the world; tallest building in Charlotte[60][61] and the Carolinas. Tallest building in the Southern United States outside of Atlanta.
308 Spruce StreetBeekman Tower fr BB jeh.jpgNew York City870 (265)762011[62][63]
31900 North Michigan2005-09-20 1080x1920 chicago 900 north michigan.jpgChicago
41°53′58.65″N 87°37′29.46″W / 41.8996250°N 87.6248500°W / 41.8996250; -87.6248500
25.0869 (265)661989163rd-tallest building in the world[64][65]
32SunTrust PlazaSuntrust-plaza-atlanta.jpgAtlanta
33°45′45.53″N 84°23′11.48″W / 33.7626472°N 84.3865222°W / 33.7626472; -84.3865222
27.0867 (265)601992171st-tallest building in the world.[66][67]
33Trump World TowerTrumpworldtower 23may2005.jpgNew York City
40°45′8.98″N 73°58′4.48″W / 40.7524944°N 73.9679111°W / 40.7524944; -73.9679111
28.0861 (262)722001175th-tallest building in the world; tallest all residential building in the world from 2000 until 2002[68][69]
34=Water Tower PlaceWater Tower Place 060527.jpgChicago
41°53′52.62″N 87°37′22.86″W / 41.8979500°N 87.6230167°W / 41.8979500; -87.6230167
29.0859 (262)741976175th-tallest building in the world[70][71]
34=AquaAqua South Face.jpgChicago
41°53′11.01″N 87°37′12.12″W / 41.8863917°N 87.6200333°W / 41.8863917; -87.6200333
38.1859 (262)822009[72]
36Aon CenterAon Center LA.jpgLos Angeles
34°2′57.22″N 118°15′25.07″W / 34.0492278°N 118.2569639°W / 34.0492278; -118.2569639
30.0858 (262)621974180th-tallest building in the world; tallest building in the United States west of the Mississippi River from 1974 until 1982[73][74]
37Transamerica PyramidSF Transamerica full CA.jpgSan Francisco
37°47′42.4″N 122°24′10.01″W / 37.795111°N 122.4027806°W / 37.795111; -122.4027806
31.0853 (260)481972188th-tallest building in the world; tallest building in San Francisco; tallest building in the U.S. west of the Mississippi River from 1972 until 1974[75][76]
38Chase TowerChase Tower 060514.jpgChicago
41°52′53.59″N 87°37′48.58″W / 41.8815528°N 87.6301611°W / 41.8815528; -87.6301611
32.0850 (259)601969199th-tallest building in the world[77][78]
39GE BuildingGE Building.jpgNew York City
40°45′32.11″N 73°58′45.65″W / 40.7589194°N 73.9793472°W / 40.7589194; -73.9793472
33.0850 (259)691933199th-tallest building in the world[79][80]
40Two Liberty PlaceLiberty2.JPGPhiladelphia
39°57′6.07″N 75°10′2.76″W / 39.9516861°N 75.1674333°W / 39.9516861; -75.1674333
34.0848 (258)581990203rd-tallest building in the world[81][82]
41=Devon Energy TowerDevon energy center.JPGOklahoma City
35°28′0.02″N 97°31′3.47″W / 35.4666722°N 97.5176306°W / 35.4666722; -97.5176306
04.0844 (257)522012Tallest building in Oklahoma City, Tallest building in Oklahoma, Tallest building in the "Plains States"[83]
41=Park TowerPark Tower 060527.jpgChicago
41°53′49.19″N 87°37′30.56″W / 41.8969972°N 87.6251556°W / 41.8969972; -87.6251556
35.0844 (257)672000207th-tallest building in the world[84][85]
43U.S. Steel TowerPittsburgh-pennsylvania-usx-tower.jpgPittsburgh
40°26′28.6″N 79°59′40.79″W / 40.441278°N 79.9946639°W / 40.441278; -79.9946639
36.0841 (256)641970212nd-tallest building in the world; tallest building in Pittsburgh; largest roof in the world at its height or taller[86][87][88]
44Chase TowerChaseTowerIndianapolis.jpgIndianapolis
39°46′10.59″N 86°9′25.65″W / 39.7696083°N 86.1571250°W / 39.7696083; -86.1571250
37.0830 (253)491990224th-tallest building in the world; tallest building in Indianapolis; tallest building in the Midwest outside of Chicago and Cleveland[89]
45One Atlantic Center4 One Atlantic Center.jpgAtlanta
33°47′13.13″N 84°23′14.63″W / 33.7869806°N 84.3873972°W / 33.7869806; -84.3873972
38.0820 (250)501987232nd-tallest building in the world, Also known as the IBM Tower.[90][91]
46The Legacy at Millennium Park20090814 Legacy Tower.JPGChicago
41°52′52.9″N 87°37′32.51″W / 41.881361°N 87.6256972°W / 41.881361; -87.6256972
38.2819 (250)722009
47CitySpire CenterCityspire 9th 54th jeh.jpgNew York City
40°45′50.97″N 73°58′47.11″W / 40.7641583°N 73.9797528°W / 40.7641583; -73.9797528
39.0814 (248)751987
48One Chase Manhattan PlazaOne Chase Manhattan Plaza 1.jpgNew York City
40°42′28.36″N 74°0′31.81″W / 40.7078778°N 74.0088361°W / 40.7078778; -74.0088361
40.0813 (248)601960
49Condé Nast Building4timessquare 23may2005.JPGNew York City
40°45′21.37″N 73°59′8.9″W / 40.7559361°N 73.985806°W / 40.7559361; -73.985806
41.0809 (247)481999Also known as 4 Times Square[92][93]
50MetLife BuildingWalter Gropius photo MetLife Building fassade New York USA 2005-10-03.jpgNew York City
40°45′12.45″N 73°58′35.49″W / 40.7534583°N 73.9765250°W / 40.7534583; -73.9765250
42.0808 (246)591963Formerly known as the PanAm Building[94]
51Bloomberg TowerBloomberg tower.jpgNew York City
40°45′42.06″N 73°58′5.1″W / 40.7616833°N 73.968083°W / 40.7616833; -73.968083
43.0806 (246)542005
52=IDS TowerIDS Center-Minneapolis-2005-09-27.jpgMinneapolis
44°58′33.6″N 93°16′21.34″W / 44.976000°N 93.2725944°W / 44.976000; -93.2725944
45.0792 (241)571973Tallest building in Minneapolis[95]
52=BNY Mellon CenterBNY Mellon Center (Philadelphia) cropped.jpgPhiladelphia
39°57′13.09″N 75°10′10.23″W / 39.9536361°N 75.1695083°W / 39.9536361; -75.1695083
45.1792 (241)541990
52=Woolworth Building[A]WoolworthBuilding.JPGNew York City
40°42′44.29″N 74°0′28.96″W / 40.7123028°N 74.0080444°W / 40.7123028; -74.0080444
46.0792 (241)571913Tallest building in the world from 1913 until 1930; tallest building built in the U.S. and the world in the 1910s[96][97]
55Hancock PlaceJohn Hancock Tower.jpgBoston
42°20′57.36″N 71°4′30.53″W / 42.3492667°N 71.0751472°W / 42.3492667; -71.0751472
47.0790 (241)601976Tallest building in Boston and New England; also known as the John Hancock Tower[98][99]
56Four Seasons Hotel & TowerFour Seasons Miami complete 20100206.jpgMiami
25°45′31.03″N 80°11′30.34″W / 25.7586194°N 80.1917611°W / 25.7586194; -80.1917611
48.0789 (240)642003Tallest building in Miami and Florida[100][101]
57Comerica Bank TowerBank One Center.jpgDallas
32°46′53.34″N 96°47′48.16″W / 32.7814833°N 96.7967111°W / 32.7814833; -96.7967111
49.0787 (240)601987Formerly known as Bank One Center and Chase Center.[102][103]
58300 North LaSalle300 North LaSalle in 2011.JPGChicago
41°53′17.42″N 87°37′59.12″W / 41.8881722°N 87.6330889°W / 41.8881722; -87.6330889
49.1785 (239)602009[104][105]
59Goldman Sachs Tower30hudson.jpgJersey City
40°42′47.2″N 74°2′2.52″W / 40.713111°N 74.0340333°W / 40.713111; -74.0340333
50.0781 (238)422004Tallest building in Jersey City and New Jersey[106][107]
60Bank of America CenterBank of America Center Houston 1.jpgHouston
29°45′39.15″N 95°21′59.51″W / 29.7608750°N 95.3665306°W / 29.7608750; -95.3665306
51.0780 (238)561983[108][109]
61555 California StreetBank of America Tower San Francisco.jpgSan Francisco
37°47′31.5″N 122°24′13.68″W / 37.792083°N 122.4038000°W / 37.792083; -122.4038000
52.0779 (237)521969Tallest building on the West Coast from 1969 to 1972. Renamed from Bank of America Center in 2005. Tallest building constructed in the city in the 1960s.[110][111]
62One Worldwide PlazaWwp50roof.JPGNew York City
40°45′43.78″N 73°59′12.19″W / 40.7621611°N 73.9867194°W / 40.7621611; -73.9867194
53.0778 (237)501989[112]
63Capella Tower225 South Sixth from street.jpgMinneapolis
44°58′34.51″N 93°16′6.82″W / 44.9762528°N 93.2685611°W / 44.9762528; -93.2685611
54.0776 (237)561992Formerly known as First Bank Place and US Bancorp Tower[113][114]
64Wells Fargo CenterWells Fargo Center from Foshay.jpgMinneapolis
44°58′36.34″N 93°16′15.09″W / 44.9767611°N 93.2708583°W / 44.9767611; -93.2708583
55.0773 (236)571988
651201 Third AvenueSeattle Washington Mutual Tower 2004-08-30.jpgSeattle
47°36′25.55″N 122°20′9.85″W / 47.6070972°N 122.3360694°W / 47.6070972; -122.3360694
56.0771 (235)551988Formerly known as the Washington Mutual Tower[115][116]
66191 Peachtree Tower191-peachtree-south.jpgAtlanta
33°45′32.45″N 84°23′12.97″W / 33.7590139°N 84.3869361°W / 33.7590139; -84.3869361
57.0770 (235)501991[117][118]
67Three First National Plaza3firstnationalplaza.jpegChicago
41°52′56.38″N 87°37′49.62″W / 41.8823278°N 87.6304500°W / 41.8823278; -87.6304500
58.0767 (234)571981[119][120]
68=Duke Energy CenterDuke Energy Center cropped.jpgCharlotte
35°13′26.62″N 80°50′54.39″W / 35.2240611°N 80.8484417°W / 35.2240611; -80.8484417
58.1764 (233)482009[121][122]
68=Southeast Financial CenterWachoviatowerside.jpgMiami
25°46′19.67″N 80°11′16.38″W / 25.7721306°N 80.1878833°W / 25.7721306; -80.1878833
59.0764 (233)551984[123][124]
70Heritage PlazaHeritage Plaza Building Houston Texas.jpgHouston
29°45′31.38″N 95°22′13.59″W / 29.7587167°N 95.3704417°W / 29.7587167; -95.3704417
60.0762 (232)531987[125][126]
71Carnegie Hall TowerCarnegie Hall Tower.JPGNew York City
40°45′53.41″N 73°58′46.89″W / 40.7648361°N 73.9796917°W / 40.7648361; -73.9796917
61.0757 (231)601991[127][128]
72=Chicago Title and Trust Center2004-08-31 1600x2840 chicago chicago title and trust building.jpgChicago
41°53′5.49″N 87°37′49.78″W / 41.8848583°N 87.6304944°W / 41.8848583; -87.6304944
62.0756 (230)501992[129][130]
72=Enterprise PlazaEnterprisePlazaHoustonTX.JPGHouston
29°45′27.78″N 95°22′8.65″W / 29.7577167°N 95.3690694°W / 29.7577167; -95.3690694
63.0756 (230)551980[131][132]
74383 Madison AvenueBearStearns.JPGNew York City
40°45′19.65″N 73°58′35.88″W / 40.7554583°N 73.9766333°W / 40.7554583; -73.9766333
64.0755 (230)472001Formerly known as the Bear Stearns World Headquarters[133][134]
751717 Broadway1717-Broadway2.jpgNew York City753 (229)682013[135][136]
76AXA Equitable CenterAXA Center from GE Building, cropped.jpgNew York City
40°45′19.65″N 73°58′35.88″W / 40.7554583°N 73.9766333°W / 40.7554583; -73.9766333
752 (229)541986[137][138]
77=1251 Avenue of the Americas1251 Avenue of the Americas.JPGNew York City
40°45′36.15″N 73°58′53.38″W / 40.7600417°N 73.9814944°W / 40.7600417; -73.9814944
69.0750 (229)541971[139][140]
77=One Penn PlazaOne Penn Plaza by David Shankbone.jpgNew York City
40°45′5.12″N 73°59′33.68″W / 40.7514222°N 73.9926889°W / 40.7514222; -73.9926889
70.0750 (229)571972[141][142]
77=Time Warner Center Tower North TowerTime Warner Center May 2010.JPGNew York City
40°46′8.05″N 73°58′58.63″W / 40.7689028°N 73.9829528°W / 40.7689028; -73.9829528
70.1750 (229)552004[143][144]
77=Time Warner Center Tower South TowerTime Warner Center May 2010.JPGNew York City
40°46′5.68″N 73°58′58.57″W / 40.7682444°N 73.9829361°W / 40.7682444; -73.9829361
70.2750 (229)552004[144][145]
77=Two California PlazaDowntown Los Angeles Skyscrapers-edit1 (cropped).jpgLos Angeles
34°3′5.35″N 118°15′5.92″W / 34.0514861°N 118.2516444°W / 34.0514861; -118.2516444
70.3750 (229)521992[146][147]
82=Gas Company TowerLos Angeles downtown p1000070.jpgLos Angeles
34°3′0.49″N 118°15′11.59″W / 34.0501361°N 118.2532194°W / 34.0501361; -118.2532194
72.1749 (228)521991[148][149]
82=200 West StreetGoldman sachssewf.JPGNew York City
40°42′53.17″N 74°0′51.84″W / 40.7147694°N 74.0144000°W / 40.7147694; -74.0144000
72.2749 (228)442010[150]
82=Prudential TowerPrudential Tower Panorama.jpgBoston
42°20′49.83″N 71°4′57.03″W / 42.3471750°N 71.0825083°W / 42.3471750; -71.0825083
72.3749 (228)521964Stood as the tallest building in North America outside of New York City upon its completion[151]
85=60 Wall Street60 Wall Street building.jpgNew York City
40°42′22.25″N 74°0′29.94″W / 40.7061806°N 74.0083167°W / 40.7061806; -74.0083167
74.0745 (227)561989[152]
85=One Astor PlazaOne Astor Plaza May 2010.JPGNew York City
40°45′28.37″N 73°59′11.72″W / 40.7578806°N 73.9865889°W / 40.7578806; -73.9865889
75.0745 (227)541972[153][154]
85=RSA Battle House TowerRSA Battle House Tower 2008.jpgMobile
30°41′35.22″N 88°2′22.83″W / 30.6931167°N 88.0396750°W / 30.6931167; -88.0396750
75.1745 (227)352007Tallest building in Mobile and Alabama[155][156]
88=Blue Cross Blue Shield TowerBlueCrossBlueShield7 11 10 edit.jpgChicago
41°53′5.36″N 87°37′11.58″W / 41.8848222°N 87.6198833°W / 41.8848222; -87.6198833
76.0743 (227)542010Topped out[157][158]
88=One Liberty Plaza0013TIARA P1000433.JPGNew York City
40°42′34.84″N 74°0′39.25″W / 40.7096778°N 74.0109028°W / 40.7096778; -74.0109028
76.1743 (227)541974[159][160]
90=7 World Trade CenterWtc7-2006-0911.jpgNew York City
40°42′48.07″N 74°0′43.92″W / 40.7133528°N 74.0122000°W / 40.7133528; -74.0122000
77.0741 (226)522006[161]
90=20 Exchange Place20 Exchange Place Tower 111.JPGNew York City
40°42′19.32″N 74°0′34.57″W / 40.7053667°N 74.0096028°W / 40.7053667; -74.0096028
77.1741 (226)571931[162][163]
90=CenterPoint Energy PlazaCenterpoint energy plaza.jpgHouston
29°45′25.69″N 95°22′5.62″W / 29.7571361°N 95.3682278°W / 29.7571361; -95.3682278
78.0741 (226)531974[164]
93Two Union SquareTwo Union Square 2.jpgSeattle
47°36′36.9″N 122°19′56.33″W / 47.610250°N 122.3323139°W / 47.610250; -122.3323139
80.0740 (226)561989[165]
94=Bell Atlantic TowerBell atlantic tower.jpgPhiladelphia
39°57′19.13″N 75°10′8.61″W / 39.9553139°N 75.1690583°W / 39.9553139; -75.1690583
81.0739 (225)551991Also known as Verizon Tower[166][167]
94=200 Vesey StreetNYC-WorldFinancialCenter.jpgNew York City
40°42′48.89″N 74°0′53.23″W / 40.7135806°N 74.0147861°W / 40.7135806; -74.0147861
82.0739 (225)511986[168][169]
96JPMorgan Chase TowerJPMorganChaseTower.pngDallas
32°47′15.91″N 96°47′48.14″W / 32.7877528°N 96.7967056°W / 32.7877528; -96.7967056
83.0738 (225)551987[170][171]
97=Bank of America PlazaLos Angeles - Bank America building from Historic LAPD Academy.JPGLos Angeles
34°3′13.03″N 118°15′11.82″W / 34.0536194°N 118.2532833°W / 34.0536194; -118.2532833
84.0735 (224)551975[172][173]
97=Fontainebleau Resort Las Vegas*Fontainebleau Las Vegas.JPGLas Vegas
36°8′15.97″N 115°9′33.92″W / 36.1377694°N 115.1594222°W / 36.1377694; -115.1594222
84.1735 (224)632009Under construction; the Fontainebleau Resort was topped out in early 2009, becoming the tallest building in Las Vegas and Nevada.[174][175]
99Bertelsmann BuildingBertlesman-tower.jpgNew York City
40°45′29.16″N 73°59′5.04″W / 40.7581000°N 73.9847333°W / 40.7581000; -73.9847333
85.0733 (223)451990[176]
1001600 Smith StreetContinentalHQHoustonTX.JPGHouston
29°45′18.5″N 95°22′22.19″W / 29.755139°N 95.3728306°W / 29.755139; -95.3728306
85.1732 (223)531984[177][178]
101Detroit Marriott at the Renaissance CenterRenCen.JPGDetroit
42°19′43.82″N 83°2′24.12″W / 42.3288389°N 83.0400333°W / 42.3288389; -83.0400333
86.0727 (222)701977Tallest all-hotel building in the world upon completion; now stands as the tallest hotel in the Western Hemisphere. Tallest building in Detroit and the State of Michigan.[179][180]
102One Museum ParkOneMuseumPark 05 25 08 edit4.jpgChicago
41°52′1.63″N 87°37′17.84″W / 41.8671194°N 87.6216222°W / 41.8671194; -87.6216222
87.0726 (221)622009Tallest all-residential building in Chicago, second-tallest all-residential building in the United States after the Trump World Tower in New York City[181][182]
103=777 Tower777 Tower Los Angeles Pelli LC-HS503-502.jpgLos Angeles
34°2′54.18″N 118°15′40.87″W / 34.0483833°N 118.2613528°W / 34.0483833; -118.2613528
88.0725 (221)531991[183]
103=Fulbright TowerHoustonCenterComplex.JPGHouston
29°45′19.52″N 95°21′41.52″W / 29.7554222°N 95.3615333°W / 29.7554222; -95.3615333
90.0725 (221)521982[184][185]
103=BNY Mellon CenterPittsburgh-mellon-center-2007-night.jpgPittsburgh
40°26′21.98″N 79°59′45.5″W / 40.4394389°N 79.995972°W / 40.4394389; -79.995972
90.1725 (221)541983[186][187]
103=Olympia CentreOlympia Centre 060527.jpgChicago
41°53′47.1″N 87°37′23.78″W / 41.896417°N 87.6232722°W / 41.896417; -87.6232722
89.0725 (221)631986[188][189]
107Times Square TowerTimesSquareTower.jpgNew York City
40°45′19.82″N 73°59′12.73″W / 40.7555056°N 73.9868694°W / 40.7555056; -73.9868694
90.2724 (221)492004[190]
108=Wells Fargo TowerWellsFargocenter03.jpgLos Angeles
34°3′10.5″N 118°15′6.8″W / 34.052917°N 118.251889°W / 34.052917; -118.251889
90.3723 (220)541982[191][192]
108=Westin Peachtree Plaza HotelWestin Peachtree Plaza 1.jpgAtlanta
33°45′33.97″N 84°23′18.45″W / 33.7594361°N 84.3884583°W / 33.7594361; -84.3884583
90.4723 (220)731973[193]
110Seattle Municipal TowerSeattle Municipal Tower.JPGSeattle
47°36′18.33″N 122°19′46.17″W / 47.6050917°N 122.3294917°W / 47.6050917; -122.3294917
90.5722 (220)621990[194]
111Fountain PlaceFountain place.jpgDallas
32°47′4.66″N 96°48′9.35″W / 32.7846278°N 96.8025972°W / 32.7846278; -96.8025972
90.6720 (220)631986[195]
112Figueroa at WilshireFigueroaWilshire.jpgLos Angeles
34°3′2.69″N 118°15′33.38″W / 34.0507472°N 118.2592722°W / 34.0507472; -118.2592722
90.7717 (219)531990[196][197]
113Metropolitan TowerMetro Carnegie towers fr W58 jeh.jpgNew York City
40°45′52.82″N 73°58′45.65″W / 40.7646722°N 73.9793472°W / 40.7646722; -73.9793472
90.8716 (218)681987[198][199]
114=One Shell PlazaOneShellPlaza.jpgHouston
29°45′32.86″N 95°22′3.3″W / 29.7591278°N 95.367583°W / 29.7591278; -95.367583
90.9714 (218)501971[200][201]
114=Republic PlazaRepublic Plaza in Denver Colorado.jpgDenver
39°44′36.31″N 104°59′19.3″W / 39.7434194°N 104.988694°W / 39.7434194; -104.988694
91.0714 (218)561984Tallest building in Denver[202][203]
116Revel CasinoRevel Atlantic City Construction Summer 2010.JPGAtlantic City
39°21′45.64″N 74°24′55.33″W / 39.3626778°N 74.4153694°W / 39.3626778; -74.4153694
91.05710 (216)722012Tallest building in Atlantic City [204][205]
117=500 Fifth Avenue500 Fifth Avenue Panorama.jpgNew York City
40°45′14.24″N 73°58′51.76″W / 40.7539556°N 73.9810444°W / 40.7539556; -73.9810444
91.1709 (216)581931[206]
117=1801 California StreetQwest HQ.jpgDenver
39°44′51.46″N 104°59′23.2″W / 39.7476278°N 104.989778°W / 39.7476278; -104.989778
91.2709 (216)531982[207]
119Terminal TowerTerminaltower1.jpgCleveland
41°29′53.72″N 81°41′37.6″W / 41.4982556°N 81.693778°W / 41.4982556; -81.693778
91.3708 (216)521930Tallest building in North America outside of New York City until the completion of the Prudential Tower in Boston in 1967[208]
120JPMorgan Chase World Headquarters270 Park Avenue (WTM by official-ly cool 100).jpgNew York City
40°45′20.85″N 73°58′31.55″W / 40.7557917°N 73.9754306°W / 40.7557917; -73.9754306
91.4707 (216)521960[209][210]
121General Motors BuildingSherry Netherland Hotel jeh.JPGNew York City
40°45′48.23″N 73°58′20.39″W / 40.7633972°N 73.9723306°W / 40.7633972; -73.9723306
91.5705 (215)501968[211][212]
122=Marquis ResidencesMarquis Miami 20100526.jpgMiami
25°47′6.51″N 80°11′23.62″W / 25.7851417°N 80.1898944°W / 25.7851417; -80.1898944
91.6700 (213)632008[213]
122=Metropolitan Life Insurance Company Tower[A]Metropolitan Life Tower April 2008.jpgNew York City
40°44′28.54″N 73°59′15.03″W / 40.7412611°N 73.9875083°W / 40.7412611; -73.9875083
91.7700 (213)501909Tallest building in the world from 1909 until 1913; Tallest building built in the U.S. and the world in the first decade of the 1900s[214][215]

* indicates building is still under construction, but has been topped out

Tallest buildings by pinnacle height[edit]

This lists ranks completed and topped out buildings in the United States that stand at least 800 feet (244 m) tall based on pinnacle height measurement, which includes antenna masts. Standard architectural height measurement, which excludes antennas in building height, is included for comparative purposes.

Tallest buildings in US by pinnacle height
RankNameCityPinnacle height
ft (m)
Architectural height
ft (m)
Reference
1One World Trade CenterNew York City01.1 1,792 (546.2)1,776 (541.3)[7]
2Willis Tower (Sears Tower)Chicago01.2 1,730 (527)1,451 (442)[8]
3John Hancock CenterChicago03.0 1,500 (457)1,127 (344)[17]
4Empire State BuildingNew York City04.0 1,454 (443)1,250 (381)[11]
5Trump International Hotel and TowerChicago05.01,389 (423)1,389 (423)[216]
6Bank of America TowerNew York City06.01,200 (366)1,200 (366)[12]
7Aon CenterChicago07.01,136 (346)1,136 (346)[15]
8Condé Nast BuildingNew York City08.01,118 (341)809 (247)[93]
9=Chrysler BuildingNew York City09.01,046 (319)1,046 (319)[19]
9=The New York Times BuildingNew York City010.01,046 (319)1,046 (319)[21]
11Bank of America PlazaAtlanta011.01,040 (317)1,023 (312)[23]
12U.S. Bank TowerLos Angeles12.01,018 (310)1,018 (310)[25]
13Franklin CenterChicago13.01,007 (307)886 (270)[27]
14One57New York City14.01,005 (306)1,005 (306)[29]
15JPMorgan Chase TowerHouston15.01,002 (305)1,002 (305)[31]
16One Shell PlazaHouston16.01,000 (305)714 (218)[201]
17Two Prudential PlazaChicago17.0995 (303)995 (303)[33]
18Wells Fargo Bank PlazaHouston18.0992 (302)992 (302)[35]
19Four World Trade CenterNew York City19.0977 (297)977 (297)[36]
20Comcast CenterPhiladelphia20.0975 (297)975 (297)[38]
21Columbia CenterSeattle21.0967 (295)932 (284)[48]
22311 South Wacker DriveChicago22.0961 (293)961 (293)[40]
2370 Pine StreetNew York City23.0952 (290)952 (290)[42]
24Key TowerCleveland24.0947 (289)947 (289)[45]
25One Liberty PlacePhiladelphia25.0945 (288)945 (288)[47]
26Bloomberg TowerNew York City26.0941 (287)806 (246)[217]
27The Trump BuildingNew York City27.0927 (283)927 (283)[51]
28Bank of America PlazaDallas28.0921 (281)921 (281)[53]
29Citigroup CenterNew York City29.0915 (279)915 (279)[55]
30One Prudential PlazaChicago30.0912 (278)601 (183)[218]
31IDS CenterMinneapolis31.0910 (277)792 (241)[55]
32Prudential TowerBoston32.0907 (276)749 (228)[151]
33SunTrust PlazaAtlanta33.0902 (275)871 (265)[67]
34Williams TowerHouston34.0901 (275)901 (275)[57]
35Renaissance TowerDallas35.0886 (270)886 (270)[59]
36Westin Peachtree Plaza HotelAtlanta36.0883 (269)723 (220)[193]
37=900 North MichiganChicago37.0871 (265)871 (265)[219]
37=Bank of America Corporate CenterCharlotte38.0871 (265)871 (265)[61]
398 Spruce StreetNew York City39.0870 (265)870 (265)[63]
40Trump World TowerNew York City40.0860 (262)860 (262)[69]
41=Water Tower PlaceChicago41.0859 (262)859 (262)[71]
41=AquaChicago42.0859 (262)859 (262)[72]
43Aon CenterLos Angeles43.0858 (262)858 (262)[74]
44Transamerica PyramidSan Francisco44.0853 (260)853 (260)[76]
45=Chase TowerChicago45.0850 (259)850 (259)[78]
45=GE BuildingNew York City46.0850 (259)850 (259)[80]
47Two Liberty PlacePhiladelphia47.0848 (258)848 (258)[82]
48Park TowerChicago48.0844 (257)844 (257)[85]
49U.S. Steel TowerPittsburgh49.0841 (256)841 (256)[87]
50Chase TowerIndianapolis50.0830 (253)830 (253)[89]
51One Atlantic CenterAtlanta51.0820 (250)820 (250)[91]
52The Legacy at Millennium Park*Chicago52.0819 (250)819 (250)[220]
53CitySpire CenterNew York City53.0814 (248)814 (248)[221]
54One Chase Manhattan PlazaNew York City54.0813 (248)813 (248)[222]
55MetLife BuildingNew York City55.0808 (246)808 (246)[94]

* Indicates building is still under construction, but has been topped out.

Cities with the most skyscrapers[edit]

American cities with at least 15 completed skyscrapers over 400 feet (122 meters) high (as of 9 December 2013).

RankCity≥1,000 ft≥900 ft≥800 ft≥700 ft≥600 ft≥500 ft≥400 ftTotal
1.New York City4482456119178393
2.Chicago5266256289195
3.Miami00037193160
4.Houston12078121949
5.San Francisco00115112644
6.Las Vegas0001872440
7.Atlanta1012642236
8.Los Angeles1016591234
9.Philadelphia0212151829
10.Dallas011369928
11.Boston00023111127
12.Seattle0103181124
13.Minneapolis0003141119
14.Pittsburgh001134615

Tallest under construction, approved and proposed[edit]

Under construction[edit]

This lists buildings that are under construction in the United States and are planned to rise at least 700 feet (213 m). Buildings that have already been topped out are included.

NameImageLocationHeight
ft (m)
FloorsYear*
(est.)
Notes
One World Trade CenterOneWorldTradeCenter.jpgNew York City1,776 (541)1042014

Planned to open on October 27, 2014.[223]

432 Park Avenue432 Park Avenue, April 2014.JPGNew York City1,398 (426)852015
Two World Trade CenterNew York City1,350 (411)792020Construction is on hold
Three World Trade CenterNew York City1,171 (357)802017
Comcast Innovation and Technology CenterComcast Innovation and Technology Center Front.jpgPhiladelphia1,121 (341)592017

Construction began July 2014.

Wilshire Grand TowerLos Angeles1,100 (335)732017
Salesforce TowerSan Francisco07.01,070 (326)612017
One57One57 from Columbus Circle, May 2014.pngNew York City01.01,005 (306)752014
Wolf Point South TowerChicago950 (290)802017
30 Park PlaceNew York City937 (286)822016
10 Hudson YardsNew York City895 (273)522015[224]
Panorama TowerMiami06.0822 (251)812017Construction began in June 2014.[225][226]
56 Leonard Street56leonardfeb2014.jpgNew York City
40°43′4.09″N 74°0′23.82″W / 40.7178028°N 74.0066167°W / 40.7178028; -74.0066167
08.0821 (250)572016[227]
181 Fremont StreetSan Francisco802 (244)542016[228][229]
50 West StreetNew York City
40°42′28.09″N 74°0′54.44″W / 40.7078028°N 74.0151222°W / 40.7078028; -74.0151222
15.0783 (239)632017[230][231]
609 Main at TexasHouston757 (231)492017[232]
150 North RiversideChicago742 (226)532016
Fontainebleau Resort Las VegasGround-level view of an under construction 60-story building; The building's lower floors are covered in glass, but its upper 30 floors are unfinished and uncovered.Paradise
36°8′15.97″N 115°9′33.92″W / 36.1377694°N 115.1594222°W / 36.1377694; -115.1594222
14.0735 (224)682009Topped out. Construction on hiatus, completion date unknown.[174][175]
River PointChicago732 (223)522017[233]
Cira Centre South Office TowerPhiladelphia730 (223)492016Construction began in June 2014
250 East 57th StreetNew York City715 (218)592016[234]
610 Lexington AvenueNew York City712 (217)662017[235]

* Table entries with dashes (—) indicate that information regarding building dates of completion has not yet been released.

Approved and proposed[edit]

This lists buildings that are proposed for construction in the United States and are planned to rise at least 700 feet (213 m). A floor count of 50 stories is used as the cutoff for buildings whose heights have not yet been released by their developers.

NameCityHeight
ft (m)
FloorsYear
(est.)
Notes
Chicago SpireChicago2,000 (610)150Construction started in 2008 but was stalled until 2014 where the developer is currently looking for investors and is currently on-hold.
Old Chicago Main Post Office Twin TowersChicago2,000 (610)120Approved in July 2013
225 West 57th StreetNew York City1,490 (454)932018[236]
One VanderbiltNew York City1,450 (442)67[237]
125 Greenwich StreetNew York City1,356 (413)772017[238]
111 West 57th StreetNew York City1,350 (410)742016[239]
30 Hudson YardsNew York City04.01,284 (391)802018[240]
One Manhattan WestNew York City1,216 (371)66[241]
East Wacker and North FieldChicago1,14889-Announced in July 2014
Comcast Innovation and Technology CenterPhiladelphia1,121 (342)592017Announced in January 2014
One Brickell City CentreMiami1,100 (336)802017Proposed in November 2013
3 Hudson BoulevardNew York City1,050 (320)662018[242]
Tower VerreNew York City05.51,050 (320)82[243][244]
One Bayfront PlazaMiami02.01,010 (308)802018[245][246]
Skyrise MiamiMiami1,000 (305)502018Announced in November 2013
35 Hudson YardsNew York City1,000 (305)792017[247]
220 Central Park SouthNew York City951 (290)652017[248]
Wolf Point South TowerChicago950 (290)802017[249]
Two Manhattan WestNew York City17.0935 (285)60[250]
15 Hudson YardsNew York City914 (279)752017[251]
451 East GrandChicago825(275)67-
Energy Tower at City CenterMidland37.2 869 (265)532015[252]
520 Park AveNew York City780 (238)512017[253]
45 East 22nd StreetNew York City777 (237)642016[254]
Five World Trade CenterNew York City37.0743 (226)42[255][256]
150 North RiversideChicago742 (226)532017[257]

* Table entries with dashes (—) indicate that information regarding building heights, floor counts or dates of completion has not yet been released.

Tallest destroyed[edit]

This table lists the 10 tallest buildings in the United States that have been demolished, destroyed, or are undergoing demolition.

  Was the world's tallest building upon completion
NameImageCityHeight
ft (m)
FloorsYear
completed
Year
demolished
Notes
One World Trade Center[A]Aerial view of two 110-story twin towers; the building have gray, steel exteriors, and the structure on the left is topped by a large antenna. Several skyscrapers are visible surrounding the two towers.New York City01.01,368 (417)11019722001Destroyed in the September 11, 2001 attacks; tallest building in the world from 1972 until 1974.[258][259]
Two World Trade CenterAerial view of two 110-story twin towers; the building have gray, steel exteriors, and the structure on the left is topped by a large antenna. Several skyscrapers are visible surrounding the two towers.New York City02.01,362 (415)11019732001Destroyed in the September 11, 2001 attacks.[260][261]
Singer BuildingDrawing of a 50-story building with a square-cross section; a large tower projects from one corner of the building, and the tower has a rounded roofline with a tapering spire.New York City03.0612 (187)4719081968Demolished to make room for One Liberty Plaza; tallest building ever to be demolished by a company; tallest building in the world from 1908 until 1909[262][263]
7 World Trade CenterAerial view of a skyscraper with a trapezoidal cross section and a brown glass exteriorNew York City04.0570 (174)4719872001Destroyed in the September 11, 2001 attacks[264][265]
Morrison HotelChicago06.0526 (160)4519261965Demolished to make room for the Chase Tower[266][267]
Deutsche Bank BuildingGround-level view of a 40-story building; the highest 20 floors have a black tarp-like covering. The exterior facade has been removed from the lower 20 floors, leaving exposed steel columns visible.New York City05.0517 (158)3919742011Dismantled because of damage from the September 11, 2001 attacks[268]
One Meridian PlazaPhiladelphia07.0492 (150)3819721999Dismantled because of damage from a 1991 fire[269][270]
City Investing BuildingSinger, City Investing & Hudson Terminal Buildings, New York City (1909).New York City08.0487 (148)3319081968Demolished with the Singer Building to make room for One Liberty Plaza[271][272]
J.L. Hudson Company Department StoreJLHudsonsPostcard.jpgDetroit09.0410 (125)2919111998Tallest building ever imploded; tallest department store in the world at the time of its completion[273][274]
First National Bank BuildingFirst National Bank Building (Pittsburgh).jpgPittsburgh09.0387 (118)2619121970demolished to make room for One PNC Plaza.[275]

Timeline of tallest buildings[edit]

This is a list of the history of the tallest buildings in the United States.

This lists buildings that once held the title of tallest building in the United States.

  Was also the world's tallest building upon completion
NameImageLocationYears as tallestHeight
ft (m)
FloorsReference
Christ Church, PhiladelphiaGround-level side view of a brown brick church with a large, white, tapering spire.Philadelphia
39°57′2.60″N 75°8′37.90″W / 39.9507222°N 75.1438611°W / 39.9507222; -75.1438611
1754–181019.0196.75 (60.0)1[276][277]
Park Street ChurchGround-level view of a brick church with a large, white, tapering spire; a brown skyscraper is visible in the distance, with several shorter high-rises located closer to the church.Boston
42°21′24.42″N 71°3′43.18″W / 42.3567833°N 71.0619944°W / 42.3567833; -71.0619944
1810–184618.0217 (66)1[278]
Trinity ChurchGround-level view of a large, brown church with Gothic architecture and a tall, tapering spire that is only partially visible in the imageNew York City
40°42′28.58″N 74°0′43.88″W / 40.7079389°N 74.0121889°W / 40.7079389; -74.0121889
1846–186917.0279 (85)1[279]
Saint Michael's ChurchGround-level view of a large, brick church with several stained glass windows, architectural niches, and a tall, tapering spireChicago
41°54′44.79″N 87°38′26.7″W / 41.9124417°N 87.640750°W / 41.9124417; -87.640750
1869–188516.0290 (88)1[280]
Chicago Board of Trade BuildingChicago Board of Trade 1885.jpgChicago
(demolished 1929)
1885–189015.0322 (98)10[281]
New York World BuildingDrawing of 20-story building with a tan exterior; the roof is topped with a large, gold dome and a flagpole.New York City
(demolished 1955)
1890–189514.0348 (106)20[A][282]
Manhattan Life Insurance BuildingDrawing of a 20-story building with a tan exterior and large, tapering tower with a dark exteriorNew York City
(demolished 1963 or 1964)
1894–189513.0348 (106)18[283]
Milwaukee City HallGround-level view of a large, brick tower with several architectural niches and columns and a tapering, copper roof topped with a spire; a clock are visible on the tower near its roofline.Milwaukee
43°2′30.54″N 87°54′34.88″W / 43.0418167°N 87.9096889°W / 43.0418167; -87.9096889
1895–189912.0353 (108)15[284]
Park Row BuildingGround-level view of a 30-story building with a tan exterior and a square cross-section; spires sit atop the roof of the building at each cornerNew York City
40°42′40.48″N 74°0′27.97″W / 40.7112444°N 74.0077694°W / 40.7112444; -74.0077694
1899–190111.0391 (119)30[285]
Philadelphia City HallDistant ground-level view of a large building with a white exterior and a tall spire; the spire has a rounded roof and is topped with a black statue.Philadelphia
39°57′8.85″N 75°9′48.83″W / 39.9524583°N 75.1635639°W / 39.9524583; -75.1635639
1901–190810.0548 (167)7[286]
Singer BuildingDrawing of a 50-story building with a square-cross section; a large tower projects from one corner of the building, and the tower has a rounded roofline with a tapering spire.New York City
(demolished 1968)
1908–190909.0612 (187)47[263]
Metropolitan Life Insurance Company TowerAerial view of a thin, 50-story building with a light exterior; the building has a pyramidal roof with a large spire, and a clock is visible below the roofline.New York City
40°44′28.54″N 73°59′15.03″W / 40.7412611°N 73.9875083°W / 40.7412611; -73.9875083
1909–191308.0700 (213)50[287]
Woolworth BuildingDistant ground-level view of a 60-story building; the building has setbacks on several levels and a pyramidal copper roof with several large spires.New York City
40°42′44.29″N 74°0′28.96″W / 40.7123028°N 74.0080444°W / 40.7123028; -74.0080444
1913–193007.0792 (241)57[288]
Bank of Manhattan Trust BuildingDistant aerial view of a 70-story building with several setbacks and a pyramidal roof; a flagpole sits stop the roof.New York City
40°42′25.05″N 74°0′34.73″W / 40.7069583°N 74.0096472°W / 40.7069583; -74.0096472
193006.0927 (283)70[51]
Chrysler BuildingGround-level view of an 80-story building; the structure has a stone, whitish exterior with several setbacks. Statues project from the building near the 60th floor, and the building tapers into a thin spire containing angled triangular windows.New York City
40°45′5.44″N 73°58′31.84″W / 40.7515111°N 73.9755111°W / 40.7515111; -73.9755111
1930–193105.01,046 (319)77[19]
Empire State BuildingAerial view of a 100-story building with several setbacks; the building tapers into a large circular spire near its 90th floor and is topped by a large antenna.New York City
40°44′54.36″N 73°59′8.36″W / 40.7484333°N 73.9856556°W / 40.7484333; -73.9856556
1931–197004.01,250 (381)102[11]
One World Trade CenterAerial view of two 110-story twin towers; the building have gray, steel exteriors, and the structure on the left is topped by a large antenna. Several skyscrapers are visible surrounding the two towers.New York City
(destroyed 2001)
1970–197403.01,368 (417)110[259]
Willis Tower
(formerly the Sears Tower)
Distant ground-level view of a 108-story building with a black steel exterior and dark windows; the building has setbacks at several levels, and two large antennas rise above its roof.Chicago
41°52′43.82″N 87°38′9.73″W / 41.8788389°N 87.6360361°W / 41.8788389; -87.6360361
1974–201302.01,451 (442)108[8]
One World Trade CenterView of the 104 story One World Trade Centre with glass exteriors and a fantastic spire to match.New York City
2013–Present01.01,776 (541)104[289]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

A. ^ a b c d e f g This skyscraper was the world's tallest building when completed.
B. ^ According to the Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat, freestanding observation towers are not considered to be buildings, as they are not fully habitable structures. This structure is included for comparative purposes.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Diagram of Historical Tallest Buildings". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2009-08-03. 
  2. ^ "One World Trade Center". Skyscraper Center. Retrieved 27 December 2013. 
  3. ^ "Freedom Tower ("World Trade Center 1")". NYC Tower. Retrieved November 30, 2008. 
  4. ^ "One World Trade Center". The Skyscraper Center. CTBUH. Retrieved 2013-05-14. 
  5. ^ Murray, Matt; Kim, Eun Kyung (2013-05-14). "Cheers Erupt as Spire Tops One World Trade Center". CNBC. Retrieved 2013-05-12. 
  6. ^ "One World Trade Center". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2013-05-14. 
  7. ^ a b "One World Trade Center". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2013-05-14. 
  8. ^ a b c "Willis Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  9. ^ "Farewell Sears Tower: Tallest Building in U.S. Renamed". Fox News. July 15, 2009. Retrieved July 16, 2009. 
  10. ^ "Empire State Building". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  11. ^ a b c "Empire State Building". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  12. ^ a b "Bank of America Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  13. ^ "Bank of America Tower". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  14. ^ "Aon Center". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  15. ^ a b "Aon Center". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  16. ^ "John Hancock Center". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  17. ^ a b "John Hancock Center". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  18. ^ "Chrysler Building". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  19. ^ a b c "Chrysler Building". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  20. ^ "New York Times Tower". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  21. ^ a b "New York Times Building". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  22. ^ "Bank of America Plaza". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  23. ^ a b "Bank of America Plaza". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  24. ^ "US Bank Tower". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  25. ^ a b "US Bank Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  26. ^ "AT&T Corporate Center". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  27. ^ a b "AT&T Corporate Center". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  28. ^ "One57". The Skyscraper Center. CTBUH. Retrieved 2013-03-08. 
  29. ^ a b "One57". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2013-03-08. 
  30. ^ "JPMorgan Chase Tower". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  31. ^ a b "JPMorgan Chase Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  32. ^ "Two Prudential Plaza". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  33. ^ a b "Two Prudential Plaza". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  34. ^ "Wells Fargo Bank Plaza". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  35. ^ a b "Wells Fargo Plaza". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  36. ^ a b "Four World Trade Center". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  37. ^ "Comcast Center". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  38. ^ a b "Comcast Center". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  39. ^ "311 South Wacker". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  40. ^ a b "311 South Wacker Drive". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  41. ^ "American International". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  42. ^ a b "American International Building". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  43. ^ Cuozzo, Steve. "New plans for downtown’s 70 Pine St. are sky-high" New York Post (October 29, 2013)
  44. ^ "Key Tower". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  45. ^ a b "Key Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  46. ^ "One Liberty Place". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  47. ^ a b "One Liberty Place". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  48. ^ a b "Columbia Center". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  49. ^ "Sky View Observatory". Retrieved 30 September 2014. 
  50. ^ "The Trump Building". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  51. ^ a b c "Trump Building". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  52. ^ "Bank of America Plaza". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  53. ^ a b "Bank of America Plaza". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  54. ^ "Citigroup Center". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  55. ^ a b c "Citigroup Center". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  56. ^ "Williams Tower". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  57. ^ a b "Williams Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  58. ^ "Renaissance Tower". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  59. ^ a b "Renaissance Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  60. ^ "Bank of America Corporate Center". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  61. ^ a b "Bank of America Corporate Center". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  62. ^ "8 Spruce Street". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  63. ^ a b "8 Spruce Street". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2012-08-17. 
  64. ^ "900 North Michigan". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  65. ^ "900 North Michigan". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  66. ^ "SunTrust Plaza". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  67. ^ a b "SunTrust Plaza". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  68. ^ "Trump World Tower". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  69. ^ a b "Trump World Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  70. ^ "Water Tower Place". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  71. ^ a b "Water Tower Place". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  72. ^ a b "Aqua". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  73. ^ "Aon Center". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  74. ^ a b "Aon Center". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  75. ^ "Transamerica Pyramid". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-08-17. 
  76. ^ a b "Transamerica Pyramid". SkyscraperPage. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  77. ^ "Chase Tower". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  78. ^ a b "Chase Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  79. ^ "GE Building". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  80. ^ a b "GE Building". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  81. ^ "Two Liberty Place". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  82. ^ a b "Two Liberty Place". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  83. ^ "Devon Energy HQ Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 17 January 2010. 
  84. ^ "Park Tower". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  85. ^ a b "Park Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  86. ^ "U.S. Steel Tower". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  87. ^ a b "U.S. Steel Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  88. ^ Bear, David (2010-01-24). "U.S. Steel Tower". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved 2010-06-20. 
  89. ^ a b "Chase Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  90. ^ "One Atlantic Center". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  91. ^ a b "One Atlantic Center". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  92. ^ "4 Times Square". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  93. ^ a b "Conde Nast Building". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  94. ^ a b "MetLife Building". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  95. ^ "IDS Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  96. ^ "Woolworth Building". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  97. ^ "Woolworth Building". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  98. ^ "John Hancock Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  99. ^ "Hancock Place". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  100. ^ "Four Seasons Hotel & Tower". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  101. ^ "Four Seasons Hotel and Tower". Structurae.de. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  102. ^ "Comerica Bank Tower". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  103. ^ "Comerica Bank Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  104. ^ "300 North LaSalle". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  105. ^ "300 North LaSalle". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  106. ^ "30 Hudson Street". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  107. ^ "30 Hudson Street". Skyscraperpage.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  108. ^ "Bank of America Center". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  109. ^ "Bank of America Center". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  110. ^ "555 California Street". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  111. ^ "555 California Street". SkyscraperPage. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  112. ^ "One Worldwide Plaza". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  113. ^ "Capella Tower". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  114. ^ "225 South Sixth". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  115. ^ "1201 Third Avenue Tower". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  116. ^ "1201 Third Avenue Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  117. ^ "191 Peachtree Tower". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  118. ^ "191 Peachtree Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  119. ^ "Three First National Plaza". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  120. ^ "Three First National Plaza". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  121. ^ "Duke Energy Center". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  122. ^ "High-rise Buildings of Charlotte". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2009-08-05. 
  123. ^ "Wachovia Financial Center". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  124. ^ "Wachovia Financial Center". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  125. ^ "Heritage Plaza". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  126. ^ "Heritage Plaza". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  127. ^ "Carnegie Hall Tower". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  128. ^ "Carnegie Hall Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  129. ^ "Chicago Title & Trust Building". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  130. ^ "Chicago Title & Trust Building". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  131. ^ "Enterprise Plaza". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  132. ^ "Enterprise Plaza". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  133. ^ "383 Madison Avenue". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  134. ^ "383 Madison Avenue". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  135. ^ "Courtyard and Residence Inn Manhattan Central Park". The Skyscraper Center. CTBUH. Retrieved 2013-03-08. 
  136. ^ "1717 Broadway". SkyscraperPage. Retrieved 2013-03-08. 
  137. ^ "AXA Center". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  138. ^ "AXA Center". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  139. ^ "1251 Avenue of the Americas". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  140. ^ "1251 Avenue of the Americas". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  141. ^ "One Penn Plaza". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  142. ^ "One Penn Plaza". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  143. ^ "Time Warner Center North Tower". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  144. ^ a b "Time Warner Center". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  145. ^ "Time Warner Center South Tower". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  146. ^ "Two California Plaza". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  147. ^ "Two California Plaza". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  148. ^ "Gas Company Tower". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  149. ^ "Gas Company Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  150. ^ "Goldman Sachs Headquarters". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  151. ^ a b "Prudential Tower: Prudential Center". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  152. ^ "60 Wall Street". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  153. ^ "One Astor Plaza". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  154. ^ "One Astor Plaza". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  155. ^ "RSA Battle House Tower". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  156. ^ "RSA Battle House Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  157. ^ "Blue Cross-Blue Shield Tower". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-12-21. 
  158. ^ "Blue Cross-Blue Shield Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-12-21. 
  159. ^ "One Liberty Plaza". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  160. ^ "1 Liberty Plaza". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  161. ^ "7 World Trade Center". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  162. ^ "20 Exchange Place". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  163. ^ "20 Exchange Place". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  164. ^ "Centerpoint Energy Plaza". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  165. ^ "Two Union Square". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  166. ^ "Bell Atlantic Tower". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-08-22. 
  167. ^ "Bell Atlantic Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  168. ^ "Three World Financial Center". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  169. ^ "Three World Financial Center". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  170. ^ "JPMorgan Chase Tower". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  171. ^ "JP Morgan Chase Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  172. ^ "Bank of America Plaza". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  173. ^ "Bank of America Plaza". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  174. ^ a b "Fontainebleau Resort Hotel". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  175. ^ a b "Fontainebleau Resort & Casino". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  176. ^ "Bertelsmann Building". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  177. ^ "Continental Center I". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  178. ^ "Continental Center One". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  179. ^ "Detroit Marriott at the Renaissance Center". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  180. ^ "Detroit Marriott at the Renaissance Center". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  181. ^ "One Museum Park". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  182. ^ "One Museum Park". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  183. ^ "777 Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  184. ^ "Fulbright Tower". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  185. ^ "Fulbright Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  186. ^ "One Mellon Center". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  187. ^ "Mellon Bank Center". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  188. ^ "Olympia Centre". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  189. ^ "Olympia Centre". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  190. ^ "Times Square Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  191. ^ "Wells Fargo Tower". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  192. ^ "Wells Fargo Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  193. ^ a b "Westin Peachtree Plaza". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  194. ^ "Seattle Municipal Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  195. ^ "Fountain Place". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  196. ^ "Figueroa at Wilshire". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  197. ^ "Figueroa at Wilshire". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  198. ^ "Metropolitan Tower". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  199. ^ "Metropolitan Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  200. ^ "One Shell Plaza". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  201. ^ a b "One Shell Plaza". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  202. ^ "Republic Plaza". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  203. ^ "Republic Plaza". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  204. ^ "Revel Casino". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2010-07-11. 
  205. ^ "Revel Entertainment Resort — North Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2010-07-11. 
  206. ^ "500 Fifth Avenue". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  207. ^ "1801 California". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  208. ^ "Terminal Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  209. ^ "JP Morgan Chase World Headquarters". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  210. ^ "JP Morgan Chase World Headquarters". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  211. ^ "General Motors Building". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  212. ^ "General Motors Building". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  213. ^ "Marquis". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2009-08-05. 
  214. ^ "Metropolitan Life Insurance Company Tower". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  215. ^ "Met Life Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  216. ^ "Trump International Hotel & Tower". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  217. ^ "Bloomberg Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  218. ^ "One Prudential Plaza". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2009-08-06. 
  219. ^ "900 North Michigan". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-12-21. 
  220. ^ "The Legacy at Millennium Park". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  221. ^ "CitySpire Center". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  222. ^ "One Chase Manhattan Plaza". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  223. ^ http://therealdeal.com/blog/2014/10/06/one-world-trade-center-could-open-within-a-month/
  224. ^ "10 Hudson Yards". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2014-01-15. 
  225. ^ "Panorama Tower". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-09-03. 
  226. ^ "Panorama Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-09-03. 
  227. ^ "56 Leonard Street". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2009-08-06. 
  228. ^ Levy, Dan (2013-03-29). "San Francisco Tower in Tech District Said to Cost $375 Million". Bloomberg.com. Retrieved 2013-06-08. 
  229. ^ "181 Fremont Street". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-09-09. 
  230. ^ "50 West Street". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2009-08-06. 
  231. ^ "50 West Street". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2009-08-06. 
  232. ^ "609 Main at Texas". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2014-07-06. 
  233. ^ "200 North Riverside Plaza". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2014-07-06. 
  234. ^ "250 East 57th". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2014-07-06. 
  235. ^ "610 Lexington Avenue". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2014-07-06. 
  236. ^ "225 West 57th". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2014-07-06. 
  237. ^ "One Vanderbilt". Skyscraper Page. Retrieved 2014-09-06. 
  238. ^ "125 Greenwich Street". Skyscraper Page. Retrieved 2014-09-06. 
  239. ^ "HoP architects get approval for skinny skyscraper in New York". Designboom.com. Retrieved 2014-06-10. 
  240. ^ "30 Hudson Yards". Skyscraper Page. Retrieved 2014-01-15. 
  241. ^ "One Manhattan West". Skyscraper Page. Retrieved 2012-07-22. 
  242. ^ "3 Hudson Boulevard". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2012-07-22. 
  243. ^ "Tower Verre". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-04-10. 
  244. ^ "New York/MoMA Tower". SkyscraperCity.com. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  245. ^ {{cite web|url=http://www.fecr.com/bayfrontPark/Bayfront_Plaza_Release.pdf%7Ctitle=FECR Receives MUSP Approval for One Bayfront Plaza|format=PDF|accessdate=2009-08-16|publisher=Florida East Coast Realty}}
  246. ^ "One Bayfront Plaza". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2009-08-16. 
  247. ^ "35 Hudson Yards". Skyscraper Page. Retrieved 2014-02-08. 
  248. ^ "220 Central Park South". Skyscraper Page. Retrieved 2014-03-27. 
  249. ^ "Wolf Point - South Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2014-04-08. 
  250. ^ "Two Manhattan West". Skyscraper Page. Retrieved 2012-07-22. 
  251. ^ "15 Hudson Yards". Skyscraper Page. Retrieved 2014-07-07. 
  252. ^ "ENERGY TOWER at City Center - Offices in midland, Texas - Colliers International". Retrieved 30 September 2014. 
  253. ^ "520 Park Ave". Skyscraper Page. Retrieved 2014-03-25. 
  254. ^ "45 East 22nd Street". Skyscraper Page. Retrieved 2014-04-18. 
  255. ^ "Five World Trade Center". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2009-08-06. 
  256. ^ "Five World Trade Center". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2009-08-06. 
  257. ^ "150 North Riverside". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2014-07-06. 
  258. ^ "One World Trade Center". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  259. ^ a b "One World Trade Center". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  260. ^ "Two World Trade Center". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  261. ^ "Two World Trade Center". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  262. ^ "Singer Building". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  263. ^ a b "Singer Building". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  264. ^ "7 World Trade Center". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  265. ^ "7 World Trade Center". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  266. ^ "Morrison Hotel". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  267. ^ "Morrison Hotel I". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2008-04-11. 
  268. ^ "130 Liberty Street". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  269. ^ "One Meridian Plaza". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-04-11. 
  270. ^ "One Meridian Plaza". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2008-04-11. 
  271. ^ "City Investing Building". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-04-11. 
  272. ^ "City Investing Building". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2008-04-11. 
  273. ^ "Greater Hudson Store". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-04-11. 
  274. ^ "J.L. Hudson Company Department Store". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-09-29. 
  275. ^ "First National Bank Building". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-12-28. 
  276. ^ A historical account of Christ Church, Philadelphia, by Benjamin Dorr, Swords, Stanford & Co., N.Y., 1841.
  277. ^ "Christ Church". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2010-03-15. 
  278. ^ "Park Street Church". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2009-08-05. 
  279. ^ "Trinity Church". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2008-05-31. 
  280. ^ "St. Michael's Church". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-05-31. 
  281. ^ "Board of Trade Building". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
  282. ^ "World Building". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2008-05-31. 
  283. ^ "Manhattan Life Insurance Building". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
  284. ^ "Milwaukee City Hall". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
  285. ^ "Park Row Building". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
  286. ^ "Philadelphia City Hall". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2008-06-01. 
  287. ^ "Met Life Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  288. ^ "Woolworth Building". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  289. ^ Home - One World Trade Center. Onewtc.com (2013-05-13). Retrieved on 2013-08-16.

External links[edit]