List of straight-chain alkanes

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The following is a list of straight-chain and branched alkanes and their common names, sorted by number of carbon atoms. (R means the page is redirected to higher alkanes)

Number of C atomsNumber of isomersNumber of isomers including stereoisomersMolecular FormulaName of straight chainSynonyms
111CH4Methanemethyl hydride; natural gas
211C2H6Ethanedimethyl; ethyl hydride; methyl methane
311C3H8Propanedimethyl methane; propyl hydride
422C4H10n-Butanebutyl hydride; methylethyl methane
533C5H12n-Pentaneamyl hydride; Skellysolve A
655C6H14n-Hexanedipropyl; Gettysolve-B; hexyl hydride; Skellysolve B
7911C7H16n-Heptanedipropyl methane; Gettysolve-C; heptyl hydride; Skellysolve C
81824C8H18n-Octanedibutyl; octyl hydride
93555C9H20n-Nonanenonyl hydride; Shellsol 140
1075136C10H22n-Decanedecyl hydride
11159345C11H24n-Undecanehendecane
12355900C12H26n-Dodecaneadakane 12; bihexyl; dihexyl; duodecane
138022,412C13H28n-Tridecane
141,8586,563C14H30n-Tetradecane
154,34718,127C15H32n-Pentadecane
1610,35950,699C16H34n-Hexadecanecetane
1724,894143,255C17H36n-Heptadecane
1860,523408,429C18H38n-Octadecane
19148,2841,173,770C19H40n-Nonadecane
20366,3193,396,844C20H42n-Icosanedidecyl, eicosane
21910,7269,891,650C21H44n-Henicosane(R)henicosane
222,278,63828,972,080C22H46n-Docosane(R)
235,731,58085,289,390C23H48n-Tricosane(R)
2414,490,245252,260,276C24H50n-Tetracosanetetrakosane
2536,797,588749,329,719C25H52n-Pentacosane(R)Paraffin Wax
2693,839,4122,234,695,030C26H54n-Hexacosane(R)cerane; hexeikosane
27240,215,8036,688,893,603C27H56n-Heptacosane(R)
28617,105,61420,089,296,554C28H58n-Octacosane(R)
291,590,507,12160,526,543,480C29H60n-Nonacosane
304,111,846,763182,896,187,256C30H62n-Triacontane(R)
3110,660,307,791554,188,210,352C31H64n-Hentriacontaneuntriacontane
3227,711,253,7691,683,557,607,211C32H66n-Dotriacontane(R)dicetyl
3372,214,088,6605,126,819,371,356C33H68n-Tritriacontane(R)
34188,626,236,13915,647,855,317,080C34H70n-Tetratriacontane(R)
35493,782,952,90247,862,049,187,447C35H72n-Pentatriacontane(R)
361,295,297,588,128146,691,564,302,648C36H74n-Hexatriacontane(R)
373,404,490,780,161450,451,875,783,866C37H76n-Heptatriacontane
388,964,747,474,5951,385,724,615,285,949C38H78n-Octatriacontane
3923,647,478,933,9694,270,217,915,878,409C39H80n-Nonatriacontane
4062,481,801,147,34113,180,446,189,326,135C40H82n-Tetracontane(R)
41165,351,455,535,78240,745,751,356,421,890C41H84n-Hentetracontane
42438,242,894,769,226126,146,261,761,339,138C42H86n-Dotetracontane
431,163,169,707,886,427391,089,580,997,271,932C43H88n-Tritetracontane
443,091,461,011,836,8561,214,115,357,550,059,889C44H90n-Tetratetracontane
458,227,162,372,221,2033,773,978,533,594,435,261C45H92n-Pentatetracontane
4621,921,834,086,683,4181.1745467×1019C46H94n-Hexatetracontane
4758,481,806,621,987,0103.6597363×1019C47H96n-Heptatetracontane
48156,192,366,474,590,6391.1416068×1020C48H98n-Octatetracontane
49417,612,400,765,382,2723.5649261×1020C49H100n-Nonatetracontane
501,117,743,651,746,953,2701.1143789×1021C50H102n-Pentacontane(R)
512.99466×1018C51H104n-Henpentacontane
528.03108×1018C52H106n-Dopentacontane
532.15578×1019C53H108n-Tripentacontane
545.79192×1019C54H110n-Tetrapentacontane
551.55745×1020C55H112n-Pentapentacontane
564.1915×1020C56H114n-Hexapentacontane
571.12894×1021C57H116n-Heptapentacontane
583.04304×1021C58H118n-Octapentacontane
598.20862×1021C59H120n-Nonapentacontane
602.21587×1022C60H122n-Hexacontane(R)
615.98581×1022C61H124n-Henhexacontane
621.61806×1023C62H126n-Dohexacontane
634.37672×1023C63H128n-Trihexacontane
641.18462×1024C64H130n-Tetrahexacontane
653.20829×1024C65H132n-Pentahexacontane
668.69413×1024C66H134n-Hexahexacontane
672.35738×1025C67H136n-Heptahexacontane
686.39552×1025C68H138n-Octahexacontane
691.73603×1026C69H140n-Nonahexacontane
704.71485×1026C70H142n-Heptacontane
711.28115×1027C71H144n-Henheptacontane
723.48297×1027C72H146n-Doheptacontane
739.47345×1027C73H148n-Triheptacontane
742.57793×1028C74H150n-Tetraheptacontane
757.01832×1028C75H152n-Pentaheptacontane
761.91156×1029C76H154n-Hexaheptacontane
775.20874×1029C77H156n-Heptaheptacontane
781.41991×1030C78H158n-Octaheptacontane
793.87228×1030C79H160n-Nonaheptacontane
801.05645×1031C80H162n-Octacontane
812.88336×1031C81H164n-Henoctacontane
827.87256×1031C82H166n-Dooctacontane
832.15028×1032C83H168n-Trioctacontane
845.87532×1032C84H170n-Tetraoctacontane
851.60591×1033C85H172n-Pentaoctacontane
864.39100×1033C86H174n-Hexaoctacontane
871.20103×1034C87H176n-Heptaoctacontane
883.28613×1034C88H178n-Octaoctacontane
898.99410×1034C89H180n-Nonaoctacontane
902.46245×1035C90H182n-Nonacontane
916.74392×1035C91H184n-Hennonacontane
921.84752×1036C92H186n-Dononacontane
935.06282×1036C93H188n-Trinonacontane
941.38779×1037C94H190n-Tetranonacontane
953.80518×1037C95H192n-Pentanonacontane
961.04364×1038C96H194n-Hexanonacontane
972.86313×1038C97H196n-Heptanonacontane
987.85685×1038C98H198n-Octanonacontane
992.15660×1039C99H200n-Nonanonacontane
1005.92107×1039C100H202n-Hectane
1011.62608×1040C101H204n-Henihectane
1024.46671×1040C102H206n-Dohectane
1031.22727×1041C103H208n-Trihectane
1043.37282×1041C104H210n-Tetrahectane
1059.27143×1041C105H212n-Pentahectane
1062.54918×1042C106H214n-Hexahectane
1077.01051×1042C107H216n-Heptahectane
1081.92839×1043C108H218n-Octahectane
1095.30557×1043C109H220n-Nonahectane
1101.46003×1044C110H222n-Decahectane
1114.01866×1044C111H224n-Undecahectane
1121.1063396×1045C112H226n-Dodecahectane
1133.0479186×1045C113H228n-Tridecahectane
1148.3899994×1045C114H230n-Tetradecahectane
1152.3122936×1046C115H232n-Pentadecahectane
1166.3675155×1046C116H234n-Hexadecahectane
1171.7555388×1047C117H236n-Heptadecahectane
1184.8361667×1047C118H238n-Octadecahectane
1191.3338183×1048C119H240n-Nonadecahectane
1203.6757402×1048C120H242n-Icosahectane
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