List of sports team names and mascots derived from indigenous peoples

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There is considerable controversy over these team names and mascots because various groups, including some representing indigenous peoples, view them as disrespectful and offensive. The National Congress of American Indians, the largest organization representing enrolled tribal citizens in the United States, issued a resolution opposing continued usage of Native American team names, mascots, and logos by non-Native teams. Numerous educational, academic, civil rights, athletic, and religious organizations have done the same.

Some teams that are themselves Native American continue to use the names Indians, Braves, and Redskins; while certain tribes have granted permission to use their specific names, as in the case of the Saginaw Chippewa Tribal Nation[1] and the Seminole Tribe of Florida[2] for Central Michigan University and Florida State University, respectively.

Many teams and fans support the continued use of these names as a long-standing tradition, and citing public opinion polls indicating the names are not offensive to a majority, including a majority of Native Americans; instead, many claim to be honoring Native Americans.

Professional teams[edit]

American football[edit]

Association football (soccer)[edit]






Canadian football[edit]

Ice hockey[edit]




Amateur and school teams[edit]

Colleges and universities[edit]

High schools[edit]

The following high schools are listed in alphabetical order by team name:


Tecumseh High School (New Carlisle, Ohio) - logo features arrow and feathers







South Doyle High School, Knoxville, Tennessee






Eskimos or Eskymos[edit]


  • Adair County High School (Columbia, Kentucky)[13]
  • Albany High School (Albany, Georgia)
  • Altamont High School, Altamont, Illinois
  • Alvarado High School, Alvarado, Texas
  • Amesbury High School, Amesbury, Massachusetts
  • Anacoco High School, Anacoco, Louisiana
  • Anacostia High School, Washington, D.C.
  • Andale High School, Andale, Kansas
  • Anderson High School, Anderson, Indiana
  • Arapaho High School, Arapaho, Oklahoma
  • Arickaree High School, Anton, Colorado
  • Armijo High School, Fairfield, California
  • Armuchee High School, Rome, Georgia
  • Asher High School, Asher, Oklahoma
  • Athens High School, Athens, Michigan
  • Avinger High School, Avinger, Texas
  • Baldwin Middle-Senior High School, Baldwin, Florida
  • Bartlett Junior Senior High School, Webster, Massachusetts
  • Berkeley Springs High School, Berkeley Springs WV
  • Berlin High School, Berlin WI
  • Billerica Memorial High School, Billerica MA
  • Biloxi High School, Biloxi MS
  • Bismarck High School, Bismarck MO
  • Brentwood High School, Brentwood NY
  • Bridgeport High School, Bridgeport WV
  • Brimfield High School, Brimfield IL
  • Broken Bow High School, Broken Bow NE
  • Browning High School, Browning MT
  • Browning Indians, Blackfeet Reservation
  • Buhl High School, Buhl ID
  • Burroughs High School, Burbank CA
  • Byhalia High School, Byhalia MS
  • Caddo Hills High School, Norman AR
  • Calumet High School, Chicago IL
  • Camanche High School, Camanche IA
  • Cambridge High School, Cambridge NY
  • Campbell High School, Campbell TX
  • Canal Winchester High School, Canal Winchester OH
  • Canaseraga High School, Canaseraga NY
  • Candor High School, Candor NY
  • Carlisle High School, Price TX
  • Carlisle High School (Carlisle, Ohio)
  • Carlyle High School, Carlyle IL
  • Carrollton High School, Carrollton AL
  • Catoosa High School, Catoosa OK
  • Cedarville High School, Cedarville OH
  • Central High School, Cheyenne WY
  • Central High School, St. Joseph MO
  • Charlton County High School, Folkston GA
  • Chattooga High School, Summerville GA
  • Cherokee High School (Alabama), Cherokee AL
  • Cherokee High School, (Tennessee) Cherokee TX
  • Chesaning High School, Chesaning MI
  • Cheyenne Mountain High School, Colorado Springs CO
  • Chiefland High School, Chiefland FL
  • Chilhowee High School, Chilhowee MO
  • Choctawhatchee High School, Fort Walton Beach FL
  • Cincinnati Country Day High School, Cincinnati OH
  • Clark County High School, Kahoka MO
  • Clarke High School, Osceola IA
  • Clarksville High School, Clarksville IA
  • Clearwater High School, Clearwater KS
  • Cleveland High School, Cleveland TX
  • Clifton-Fine High School, Star Lake NY
  • Cobre High School, Bayard NM
  • Colbert County High School, Leighton AL
  • Colville High School, Colville WA
  • Comanche High School, Comanche TX
  • Comanche High School, Comanche OK
  • Conemaugh Township High School, Davidsville PA
  • Conneaut Lake High School, Conneaut Lake PA
  • Conneaut Valley High School, Conneautville PA
  • Copley High School, Copley OH
  • Cord-Charlotte High School, Charlotte AR
  • Couch Myrtle High School, MO
  • Council Rock North High School, Newtown PA
  • County Line High School, Branch AR
  • Cowanesque Valley High School, Westfield PA
  • Coxsackie-Athens High School, Coxsackie NY
  • Cross Keys High School, Atlanta GA
  • Dakota High School, Dakota IL
  • Danville High School, Danville VT
  • Dartmouth High School, South Dartmouth MA
  • Delaplaine High School, Delaplaine AR
  • Dobyns-Bennett High School, Kingsport TN
  • Dodge County High School, Eastman GA
  • Donegal High School, Mt. Joy PA
  • Douglass High School, Douglass TX
  • DuQuoin High School, DuQuoin IL
  • East Bay High School, Gibsonton FL
  • East Coweta High School, Sharpsburg GA
  • East Limestone High School, Athens AL
  • East Robertson High School, Cross Plains TN
  • El Reno High School, El Reno OK
  • Elko High School, Elko NV
  • Elsberry High School, Elsberry MO
  • Elton High School, Elton LA
  • Fair Park High School, Shreveport LA
  • Fairfield High School, Fairfield OH
  • Fairfield High School, Cincinnati OH
  • Farmington High School, Farmington CT
  • Flandreau Indian High School, Flandreau SD
  • Forest City High School, Forest City IA
  • Fort Davis High School, Fort Davis TX
  • Fort Defiance High School VA[14]
  • Fort Osage High School, Independence MO
  • Fort Recovery High School, Fort Recovery OH
  • Fort White High School, Fort White FL
  • Four Winds High School (Spirit Lake Reservation), Fort Totten ND
  • Fourche Valley High School, Briggsville AR
  • Franklin High School (Reisterstown, Maryland)
  • Frankston High School, Frankston TX
  • Fullerton Union High School, Fullerton CA
  • Gaffney High School, Gaffney SC
  • Ganado High School, Ganado TX
  • Gar-Field Senior High School, Woodbridge VA
  • Giddings State High School, Giddings TX
  • Gilbert High School, Gilbert SC
  • Girard High School, Girard OH
  • Glens Falls High School, Glens Falls NY
  • Grafton Memorial High School, Grafton MA
  • Grand Ridge High School, Grand Ridge FL
  • Grand Saline High School, Grand Saline TX
  • Greenville High School, Greenville CA
  • Greenwood High School, Greenwood WI
  • Groton High School, Groton NY
  • Groveton High School, Groveton TX
  • Guilford High School, Guilford CT
  • H.C. Wilcox Technical High School, Meriden CT
  • Hallsville High School, Hallsville MO
  • Hancock County High School, Sneedville TN
  • Hanover High School, Hanover MA
  • Happy Camp High School, Happy Camp CA
  • Harlandale High School, San Antonio TX
  • Harpeth High School, Kingston Springs TN
  • Hart High School, Newhall CA
  • Hartford High School, Hartford MI
  • Haskell High School, Haskell TX
  • Hays High School, Hays KS
  • Hayti High School, Hayti MO
  • Hazlehurst High School, Hazlehurst MS
  • Hillsboro High School, Hillsboro OH
  • Holt High School, Wentzville MO
  • Holy Cross High School, Covington KY
  • Hononegah High School, Rockton IL
  • Hoosic Valley High School, Schaghticoke NY
  • Hoxie High School, Hoxie KS
  • Huckabay High School, Stephenville TX
  • Immokalee High School, Immokalee FL
  • Indian Lake Central High School, Indian Lake NY
  • Indian River High School, Dagsboro DE
  • Indiana High School, Indiana PA
  • Indianola High School, Indianola IA
  • Irwin County High School, Ocilla GA
  • Istrouma High School, Baton Rouge LA
  • Itawamba Agricultural High School, Fulton MS
  • Jackson High School, Jackson MO
  • Jackson North Side High School, Jackson TN
  • Jacksonville High School, Jacksonville TX
  • Jefferson High School, Daly City CA
  • Jim Ned High School, Tuscola TX
  • John Jay High School, Cross River NY
  • Johnston City High School, Johnston City IL
  • Jourdanton High School, Jourdanton TX
  • Juniata High School, Mifflintown PA
  • Karnack High School, Karnack TX
  • Keller High School, Keller TX
  • Kelly High School, Wise VA
  • Kennett High School, Kennett MO
  • Keshequa High School, Nunda NY
  • Ketcham High School, Wappingers Falls NY
  • Kewaskum High School, Kewaskum WI
  • Keya Paha County High School, Springview NE
  • Keystone Heights High School, Keystone Heights FL
  • Kiowa High School, Kiowa CO
  • Lake Central High School, St. John IN
  • Lane Technical College Prep High School, Chicago IL
  • Larned High School, Larned KS
  • Lawrenceville High School, Lawrenceville IL
  • Lehighton Area High School, Lehighton, PA
  • Lemont High School, Lemont IL
  • Lenape High School, Medford NJ
  • Letchworth High School, Gainesville NY
  • Lewistown High School, Lewistown IL
  • Liberty High School, Liberty NY
  • Lipan High School, Lipan TX
  • Little Axe High School, Norman OK
  • Loachapoka High School, Loachapoka AL
  • Lodge Grass High School, Lodge Grass MT
  • Loveland High School, Loveland CO
  • Lumpkin County High School, Dahlonega GA
  • Lutie High School, Theodosia MO
  • Lyme Central High School, Chaumont NY
  • Madison Central High School, Richmond KY
  • Mahnomen High School, Mahnomen MN
  • Mahnomen/Waubun High School, Mahnomen MN
  • Mahopac High School, Mahopac NY
  • Manchester High School, Manchester CT
  • Manhasset High School, Manhasset NY
  • Manhattan High School, Manhattan KS
  • Marengo High School, Marengo IL
  • Maricopa High School, Maricopa CA
  • Marietta High School, Marietta OK
  • Marion High School, Marion IA
  • Marked Tree High School, Marked Tree AR
  • Marysville High School, Marysville CA
  • Mascoutah High School, Mascoutah IL
  • McEachern High School, Powder Springs GA
  • Mechanicsburg High School, Mechanicsburg OH
  • Medicine Lodge High School, Medicine Lodge KS
  • Menomonee Falls High School, Menomonee Falls WI
  • Meredosia-Chambersburg High School, Meredosia IL
  • Milan High School, Milan IN
  • Milford High School, Milford CT
  • Millersburg High School, Millersburg PA
  • Minatare High School, Minatare NE
  • Minooka High School, Minooka IL
  • Mishicot High School, Mishicot WI
  • Mississinewa High School, Gas City IN
  • Mohawk High School, Marcola OR
  • Molalla High School, Molalla OR
  • Montgomery Central High School, Cunningham TN
  • Montgomery County High School, Mt. Sterling KY
  • Montrose High School, Montrose CO
  • Montville High School, Oakdale CT
  • Morton High School, Morton TX
  • Mosinee High School, Mosinee WI
  • Mountain Valley High School, Saguache CO
  • Mountain Valley/Moffat High School, Saguache CO
  • Mt. Gilead High School, Mt. Gilead OH
  • Mukwonago High School, Mukwonago WI
  • Muncy High School, Muncy PA
  • Murray County High School, Chatsworth GA
  • Napa High School, Napa CA
  • Navajo High School, Altus OK
  • Negreet High School, Negreet LA
  • Neoga High School, Neoga IL
  • New Hope High School, New Hope AL
  • Newberry High School, Newberry MI
  • Newington High School, Newington CT
  • Newington/Berlin High School, Newington CT
  • Newton Local High School, Pleasant Hill OH
  • Nezperce High School, Nezperce ID
  • Nocona High School, Nocona TX
  • North Shawnee High School, Mission KS
  • North Brookfield High School, North Brookfield MA
  • North Central High School, Spokane WA
  • North East High School, North East MD
  • North Haven High School, North Haven CT
  • North Haven/Amity/Cheshire High School, North Haven CT
  • North Hills High School, Pittsburgh PA
  • Northside Vernon TX
  • Northumberland High School, Heathsville VA
  • Northwest High School, Canal Fulton OH
  • Northwest Catholic High School, West Hartford CT
  • Norwood High School, Norwood OH
  • Nyack High School, Upper Nyack NY
  • Nyack/Tappan Zee High School, Upper Nyack NY
  • Odessa-Montour High School, Odessa NY
  • Ogallala High School, Ogallala NE
  • Ohatchee High School, Ohatchee AL
  • Oklahoma School for the Deaf, Sulphur OK
  • Oneida High School, Oneida TN
  • Oneida High School, Oneida NY
  • Onteora High School, Boiceville NY
  • Orangeburg Prep High School, Orangeburg SC
  • Osage High School, Kaiser MO
  • Osage City High School, Osage City KS
  • Osceola High School, Osceola MO
  • Oshkosh West High School, Oshkosh WI
  • Oskaloosa High School, Oskaloosa IA
  • Oswego High School, Oswego KS
  • Owego Free Academy High School, Owego NY
  • Pacific High School, Pacific MO
  • Paint Rock High School, Paint Rock TX
  • Palm Springs High School, Palm Springs CA
  • Pascack Valley High School, Hillsdale NJ
  • Passaic High School, Passaic NJ
  • Pawnee High School, Pawnee IL
  • Pawnee City High School, Pawnee City NE
  • Pawnee/Divernon High School, Pawnee IL
  • Pecatonica High School, Pecatonica IL
  • Peebles High School, Peebles OH
  • Penn Hills High School, Pittsburgh PA
  • Pennsauken High School, Pennsauken NJ
  • Peru High School, Peru NY
  • Peters Township High School, McMurray PA
  • Pinson Valley High School, Pinson AL
  • Piqua High School, Piqua OH
  • Plainview High School, Ardmore OK
  • Pocahontas High School, Pocahontas VA
  • Pocahontas High School, Pocahontas IA
  • Pocahontas/Pomeroy-Palmer High School, Pomeroy IA
  • Pocatello High School, Pocatello ID
  • Pocola High School, Pocola OK
  • Ponca High School, Ponca NE
  • Pontiac High School, Pontiac IL
  • Poplar High School, Poplar MT
  • Port Neches-Groves High School, Port Neches TX
  • Portage High School, Portage IN
  • Powell Valley High School, Speedwell TN
  • Powhatan High School, Powhatan VA
  • Poyen High School, Poyen AR
  • Prairie Lea High School, Prairie Lea TX
  • Preston High School, Preston ID
  • Puxico High School, Puxico MO
  • Quanah High School, Quanah TX
  • Rahway High School, Rahway NJ
  • Ravena-Coeymans-Selkirk High School, Ravena NY
  • Reardan High School, Reardan WA
  • Red Jacket High School, Shortsville NY
  • Renton High School, Renton WA
  • Richfield Springs Central High School, Richfield Springs NY
  • Riesel High School, Riesel TX
  • Ripon High School, Ripon CA
  • Rittman High School, Rittman OH
  • Roosevelt High School, Yonkers NY
  • Roseburg High School, Roseburg OR
  • Roxborough High School, Philadelphia PA
  • Rural Retreat High School, Rural Retreat VA
  • Russellville High School, Russellville MO
  • Sac City High School, Sac City IA
  • Sacred Heart Catholic School, Hallettsville TX
  • Sanborn Regional High School, Kingston NH
  • Sandwich Community High School, Sandwich IL
  • Sanford High School, Sanford CO
  • Sanger High School, Sanger TX
  • Santa Fe High School, Santa Fe TX
  • Satanta High School, Satanta KS
  • Saugatuck High School, Saugatuck MI[15]
  • Sauquoit Valley High School, Sauquoit NY
  • Scappoose High School, Scappoose OR
  • Schoharie High School, Schoharie NY
  • Seminole High School, Seminole TX
  • Seminole County High School, Donalsonville GA
  • Seneca High School, Seneca WI
  • Seneca High School, Seneca MO
  • Sequatchie County High School, Dunlap TN
  • Sequoyah High School, Tahlequah OK
  • Sewanhaka High School, Floral Park NY
  • Seymour High School, Payson IL
  • Shady Side Academy, Pittsburgh PA
  • Shamokin Area High School, Coal Township PA
  • Shattuck High School, Shattuck OK
  • Shawnee High School, Lima OH
  • Shelter Island High School, Shelter Island NY
  • Shelter Island/Ross High School, Shelter Island NY
  • Shoshone High School, Shoshone ID
  • Sissonville High School, Charleston WV
  • Skowhegan Area High School, Skowhegan ME
  • Sleepy Eye High School, Sleepy Eye MN
  • Souderton High School, Souderton PA
  • South Bend High School, South Bend WA
  • Southampton High School, Courtland VA
  • Southern High School, Salineville OH
  • Southern Choctaw High School, Gilbertown AL
  • Southern Fulton High School, Warfordsburg PA
  • Spirit Lake High School, Spirit Lake IA
  • St. Francis High School, St. Francis KS
  • St. Joseph High School, South Bend IN
  • St. Paul High School, St. Paul KS
  • St. Stephens High School, Hickory NC
  • St. Vincent High School, Perryville MO
  • Stafford High School, Falmouth VA
  • Stamford Central High School, Stamford NY
  • Stebbins High School, Riverside OH
  • Stephens County High School, Toccoa GA
  • Stilwell High School, Stilwell OK
  • Stockbridge Valley High School, Munnsville NY
  • Strafford High School, Strafford MO
  • Strasburg High School, Strasburg CO
  • Susquehanna Township High School, Harrisburg PA
  • Swett High School, Crockett CA
  • Tallulah Falls High School, Tallulah Falls GA
  • Tarkio High School, Tarkio MO
  • Tecumseh High School (Michigan), Tecumseh MI
  • Tekonsha High School, Tekonsha MI
  • The Dalles-Wahtonka High School, The Dalles OR (Indian Eagles, after early 2000's merger of two schools: TDHS Indians and Wahtonka Eagles)
  • Tioga High School, Tioga LA
  • Tishomingo High School, Tishomingo OK
  • Toledo High School, Toledo WA
  • Toms River South High School, Toms River NJ
  • Touchet High School, Touchet WA
  • Towns County High School, Hiawassee GA
  • Turners Falls High School, Montague MA
  • Twin Lakes High School, Monticello IN
  • Union City High School, Union City IN
  • Unionville High School, Kennett Square PA
  • Upper Perkiomen High School, Pennsburg PA
  • Valley High School, Lucasville OH
  • Van-Far High School, Vandalia MO
  • Venice High School, Venice FL
  • Vero Beach High School, Vero Beach FL
  • Vici High School, Vici OK
  • Vidalia High School, Vidalia GA
  • Waite High School, Toledo OH
  • Wapanucka High School, Wapanucka OK
  • Wapello High School, Wapello IA
  • Ware High School, Ware MA
  • Washington-Marion High School, Lake Charles LA
  • Waterloo High School, Waterloo NY
  • Watertown High School, Watertown CT
  • Watertown/Pomperaug High School, Watertown CT
  • Waterville High School, Waterville NY
  • Waterville/Madison Central High School, Waterville NY
  • Waukon High School, Waukon IA
  • Wauseon High School, Wauseon OH
  • Waxahachie High School, Waxahachie TX
  • Wayne City High School, Wayne City IL
  • Wayne Valley High School, Wayne NJ
  • Waynesboro High School, Waynesboro PA
  • Weehawken High School, Weehawken NJ
  • Weeping Water High School, Weeping Water NE
  • Weequahic High School, Newark NJ
  • Wells High School, Wells NY
  • West Allegheny High School, Imperial PA
  • West Canada Valley High School, Newport NY
  • West Forest High School, Tionesta PA
  • West Seneca High School, West Seneca NY
  • Western High School, Latham, OH Western Local Schools
  • Westminster Catawba Christian High School, Rock Hill, SC[16]
  • Wetumpka High School, Wetumpka AL[17]
  • Weyauwega-Fremont High School, Weyauwega WI[18]
  • White Cloud High School, White Cloud MI[19]
  • Wichita County High School, Leoti, KS[20]
  • Wicomico High School, Salisbury, MD[21]
  • Wilcox RVT, Meriden CT
  • Williford High School, Williford AR[22]
  • Winnebago High School, Winnebago, IL[23]
  • Winnebago High School, Winnebago NE[24]
  • Yazoo City High School, Yazoo City MS[25]
  • Ysleta High School, El Paso TX[26]
  • Yuma High School, Yuma CO[27]




Red Raiders[edit]





Clinton High School (MI) Redskins







Edsel Ford High School Dearborn, MI

South Holland, IL



Middle school[edit]

Pop Warner Football League[edit]

Teams that no longer use Native American names or symbols[edit]


Old NameSchoolCity, StateYear ChangedNew NameNotes
BeothukMemorial University of NewfoundlandSt. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada1987Sea-HawksThe Beothuk aboriginal peoples went extinct in 1829 and the university deemed the use of the Beothuk name to be offensive
BravesUniversity of West GeorgiaCarrollton, Georgia2006Wolves
BravesSeneca CollegeToronto, Ontario1999-2000The Sting
BravesQuinnipiac UniversityHamden, Connecticut2002Bobcats
Brown Indians/SquawsSt. Bonaventure UniversityAllegany (town), New York1979Bonnies
ChiefsOklahoma City UniversityOklahoma City, OklahomaStars
ChiefsSpringfield CollegeSpringfield, MassachusettsPride
ChieftainsSeattle UniversitySeattle, WashingtonRedhawks
ChieftainsStonehill CollegeEaston, MassachusettsSkyhawks
Fighting SiouxUniversity of North DakotaGrand Forks, North Dakota2012None yet selected
HuronsEastern Michigan UniversityYpsilanti, MichiganEastern Michigan EaglesThe mascot is "Swoop"
IndiansAdams State UniversityAlamosa, ColoradoGrizzlies
IndiansArkansas State UniversityJonesboro, ArkansasArkansas State Red Wolves
IndiansUniversity of the CumberlandsWilliamsburg, Kentucky2002PatriotsOriginally Cumberland College, name changed 2005
IndiansDartmouth CollegeHanover, Massachusetts1970sDartmouth Big GreenIndians was not official
IndiansMidwestern State UniversityWichita Falls, Texas2006Mustangs
IndiansMcMurry UniversityAbilene, Texas2006War Hawks
IndiansUniversity of Louisiana at MonroeMonroe, LouisianaLouisiana–Monroe Warhawks
IndiansIndiana University of PennsylvaniaIndiana County, Pennsylvania2007IUP Crimson Hawks
IndiansStanford UniversityStanford, California1972Stanford Cardinalfor the school color, a shade of red
IndiansCollege of William & MaryWilliamsburg, Virginia1978TribeMascot is the Griffin
Indians and OtahkiansSoutheast Missouri State UniversityCape Girardeau, Missouri2004Southeast Missouri State Redhawks"H" is NOT capitalized here, unlike the case with Miami's nickname.
MohawksMassachusetts College of Liberal ArtsNorth Adams, MassachusettsTrailblazers
PlainsmenNebraska Wesleyan UniversityLincoln, NebraskaPrairie Wolves
Red RaidersColgate UniversityHamilton (village), New YorkRaiders
RedmenCarthage CollegeKenosha, WisconsinRed Men/Lady Reds
RedmenUniversity of MassachusettsAmherst, Massachusetts1972UMass MinutemenAccording to the University Redmen referred to the color of uniforms worn by the athletics teams
RedmenNortheastern State UniversityTahlequah, OklahomaRiverHawksFounded as the Cherokee National Female Seminary
RedmenSt. John's UniversityNew York City1995Red StormThe school's website indicates that the name did not refer to American Indians, but to the school color, a bright cardinal red.
Redmen and Lady RedsSimpson CollegeIndianola, Iowa1992The Storm
RedskinsMiami UniversityOxford, Ohio1997Miami RedHawks
RedskinsSouthern Nazarene UniversityBethany, OklahomaCrimson Storm
Saltine WarriorSyracuse UniversitySyracuse, New YorkSyracuse Orange
SavagesDickinson State UniversityDickinson, North Dakota1972Blue Hawks
SavagesEastern Washington UniversityCheney, Washington1973Eagles
SavagesSoutheastern Oklahoma State UniversityDurant, Oklahoma2006Savage Storm
WarriorsHartwick CollegeOneonta, New York1994Hawks
WarriorsMarquette UniversityMilwaukee, Wisconsin1994Marquette Golden EaglesRetired the mascot "Willie Wampum" in 1971[117]

Pro and minor league[edit]

Old NameSport/LeagueCity, StateYear ChangedNew NameNotes
Akron IndiansNational Football LeagueAkron, OHAkron ProsChanged back to the Indians in 1926, then folded
Tri-Cities "Blackhawks"Baseball1951Atlanta HawksTeam was also the Milwaukee & St. Louis "Hawks"
Buffalo BravesNational Basketball Association1978Los Angeles ClippersAlso the San Diego Clippers
Burlington IndiansBaseballBurlington RoyalsAffiliated with the Kansas City Royals
Canton/Akron IndiansMinor League BaseballAkron, OHAerosFormer farm team for the Cleveland Indians
Cleveland Indians (1921)National Football LeagueCleveland, Ohiodefunct
Cleveland Indians (1931)National Football LeagueCleveland, Ohiodefunct
Duluth Eskimosprofessional footballDuluth, MN1927NAalso known as the Duluth "Kelleys"
Flint IndiansMichigan Baseball League
Kansas City ScoutsNational Hockey Leaguenow the New Jersey DevilsFirst moved to Colorado and became the "Rockies"
Kinston IndiansMinor League Baseball
Mexico City AztecasContinental Basketball AssociationMexico CityNAOnly one season 1994-95
Oorang IndiansNational Football LeagueNA, defunctConsisting mostly of Native Americans
Ottawa TomahawksNational Basketball League of CanadaOttawaSeaHawksName dropped shortly after announced due to controversy
Salisbury IndiansMinor League BaseballSalisbury, MarylandNADefunct
Springfield IndiansPeoria, IllinoisRivermenFirst moved to Worcester and became the IceCats
TecumsehMajor Series Lacrosse (OALA Sr A)Toronto, ON1911Young Torontos

High Schools[edit]


Defunct mascots[edit]

Fictional teams[edit]

"Chief" nickname[edit]

It is also common practice to use the nickname "Chief" for indigenous sportsmen. Some notable examples include:

However, use of the "Chief" nickname is not necessarily limited to indigenous sportsmen.

Kansas City mayor (1952–1960) H. Roe Bartle began his career as a Professional Boy Scout Executive, whereupon he founded an honor camping society (Mic-O-Say) for the Boy Scouts in the St Joseph, MO and Kansas City, MO Boy Scout Councils. As founder of Mic-O-Say and "Chief" (Lone Bear,as he was known in Mic-O-Say circles), Bartle was instrumental in bringing the AFL Dallas Texans to Kansas City, MO in 1963. The transplanted AFL franchise was renamed the "Chiefs" in his honor.

Basketball Hall of Famer Robert Parish, an African American, was nicknamed "The Chief", after Chief Bromden, a Native American character in the novel One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest and its film adaptation who pretended to be deaf and mute. Parish was originally given the nickname by Boston Celtics teammate Cedric Maxwell because of his stoic nature.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Tribe feels Chippewa nickname is an honor". Central Michigan Life. 
  2. ^ "Florida State University thanks Seminoles for historic vote of support". 
  3. ^ The Hockey News: Special Features:'s NHL Logo Rankings
  4. ^ About Bacone College
  5. ^
  6. ^ 'Fighting Illini FAQ' | University of Illinois Archives
  7. ^ Gary Fuller. "Arcadia High School's Apache Name Continues To Spark Controversy". Retrieved 2013-11-15. 
  8. ^ a b c d Bañes, Lanz Christian (2013-11-18). "Vallejo: Apache mascot at high school may be changed". Retrieved 23 November 2013. 
  9. ^ a b Bañes, Lanz Christian (2013-11-21). "Vallejo school board votes to drop Apaches' name". Vallejo Times Herald. Retrieved 23 November 2013. 
  10. ^ "Ugh! to Agawam's Nickname". The Los Angeles Times. April 25, 1987. Retrieved 01/17/2014. 
  11. ^ Football
  12. ^ "Escanaba Area Public Schools: Indian Education Program". 
  13. ^ Adair County Kentucky
  14. ^ Augusta County
  15. ^ "Indian mascots for schools and sports teams? Contentious Saugatuck forum revives debate". The Grand Rapids Press. April 21, 2009. Retrieved 2013-11-15. 
  16. ^ Westminster Catawba Christian School
  17. ^ Wetumpka AL
  18. ^ Weyauwega-Fremont
  19. ^ White Cloud
  20. ^ Leoti
  21. ^ Salisbury, MD
  22. ^ Williford AR
  23. ^ Winnebago, IL
  24. ^ Winnebago NE
  25. ^ Yazoo City MS
  26. ^ El Paso TX
  27. ^ Yuma CO
  28. ^ Anderson High School
  29. ^ Cindy Kranz (August 14, 2003). "Student, school at odds on mascot". The Cincinnati Enquirer. Retrieved 2013-11-15. 
  30. ^ Belding MI
  31. ^ Pembroke GA
  32. ^ San Andreas CA
  33. ^ Gray George (January 21, 2014). "Redskins mascot a source of pride, outrage". Calaveras Enterprise. 
  34. ^ Camden MI
  35. ^ Canisteo NY
  36. ^ "Redskins nickname causing new uproar". June 12, 2013. Retrieved 2013-11-15. 
  37. ^ Chowchilla CA
  38. ^ Clinton MI
  39. ^ Colleen Wells (April 29, 2010). "Controversial Clinton School's Redskins mascot will stay". Toledo News Now. Retrieved 2013-11-15. 
  40. ^ Wilmington DE
  41. ^ Coshocton High School
  42. ^ Dustin OK
  43. ^ Knox IN
  44. ^ Annie Chang (July 30, 2013). "Goshen High's mascot stays the Redskins". WSBT-TV. Retrieved 2013-11-15. 
  45. ^ Gustine CA
  46. ^ Indian Creek High School
  47. ^ Kingston OK
  48. ^
  49. ^ La Veta CO
  50. ^ "Lamar: Once A Redskin Always A Redskin". 
  51. ^ Mike Florio (July 19, 2013). "Another high school looks at whether to keep Redskins name". NBC Sports. Retrieved 2013-10-15. 
  52. ^ Little River KS
  53. ^ Loudon TN
  54. ^ Loudon Football
  55. ^ Stephen W Butera (October 18, 2013). "Redskins name at Loudon H.S. a tradition, despite national controversy". WBIR. 
  56. ^ "McLoud: Our-Community Is Proud Of Our Name". 
  57. ^ Momence IL
  58. ^ Morris IL
  59. ^ Omari Fleming (Oct 25, 2013). "Parent Asks School To Change Mascot Name". Fox News. 
  60. ^ Christian Menno (October 25, 2013). "Student newspaper to stop using school's 'Redskin' nickname". The Morning Call. 
  61. ^ Nokomis IL
  62. ^ Oneonta AL
  63. ^ Oriskany NY
  64. ^ Paw Paw MI
  65. ^ Charlie Bermant. "Retire Port Townsend High's Redskins mascot, advisory panel says". Peninsula Daily News. 
  66. ^ Ringgold LA
  67. ^ Rush Springs OK
  68. ^ Sandusky MI
  69. ^ Saranac MI
  70. ^ Sayre PA
  71. ^ Wolf Lake, Illinois
  72. ^ Social Circle GA
  73. ^
  74. ^ Tulare CA
  75. ^ Wapakoneta OH
  76. ^ Wellpinit WA
  77. ^ Wichita KS
  78. ^ Broken Bow OK
  79. ^ Hot Springs HS
  80. ^ Lamar CO
  81. ^ Leflore OK
  82. ^ Quinton OK
  83. ^ Salmon, ID
  84. ^ Salmon River ID
  85. ^ Sigourney IA
  86. ^ Antioch Redskins
  87. ^ Dearborn Heights Redskins Jr. Football
  88. ^ Grayling Redskins Youth Football
  89. ^ Lancaster Junior Redskins
  90. ^ Morden Redskins
  91. ^ Little Redskins
  92. ^ New Rock Redskins
  93. ^ Ohio Redskins Youth Sports
  94. ^ Patterson Redskins Football
  95. ^ Rochester Redskins
  96. ^ Sarasota Redskins
  97. ^ South Cherokee Recreation Association
  98. ^ Sterling Heights Redskins
  99. ^ Wayland Redskins
  100. ^ Woonsocket Redskins
  101. ^ Albemarle Redskins Virginia
  102. ^ Bennetts Creek Warriors
  103. ^ Derby Red Raiders, CT
  104. ^ East Bay Warriors, Oakland CA
  105. ^ Fort Braden Chiefs, FL
  106. ^ Immokalee Seminoles, FL
  107. ^ Lower Sussex Indians, DE
  108. ^ Nonnewaug Chiefs, CT
  109. ^ Phoenix, AZ
  110. ^ Pomperaug Warriors, CT
  111. ^ Reynolds Corner Redskins, Toledo OH
  112. ^ Southland Comanches, CO
  113. ^ Stratford Redskin, CT
  114. ^ Water Oak Indians , CT
  115. ^ Western Albemarle Chiefs
  116. ^ Willamette Redskins, Eugene OR
  117. ^ "Willie Wampum". 
  118. ^ Cooperstown CS
  119. ^ "Cooperstown Redskins No More: NY School Board Votes To Retire Nickname After Criticism". AP. 03/07/13. Retrieved 2013-10-15. 
  120. ^ No longer "Indians"?
  121. ^ "History of the NCHS Mascot". Retrieved 2013-11-15. 
  122. ^
  123. ^ Ryan McLaughlin (June 8, 2012). "Sanford High School replaces Redskins with Spartans". Bangor Daily News. 
  124. ^ Tamalpais High School official site: A Brief History of Tam, accessed 10/21/2013
  125. ^ Schaefer, Samantha (November 21, 2013). "Controversial Apache mascot dropped by Northern California school". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 23 November 2013. 
  126. ^ "Indians"?
  127. ^ Seth Koenig (March 19, 2011). "Wiscasset High to keep ‘Redskins’ mascot through end of school year". Times Record. 
  128. ^ Seth Koenig (April 15, 2011). "Wiscasset High releases poll on proposals to replace controversial ‘Redskins’ moniker". Retrieved 2013-11-15. 

King, C. Richard, Ellen J. Staurowsky, Lawrence Baca, Laurel R. Davis, and Cornel Pewewardy 2002. Of Polls and Prejudice: Sports Illustrated’s Errant ‘Indian Wars’. Journal of Sport & Social Issues 26 (4), November: 381-402.

External links[edit]