List of sports team names and mascots derived from indigenous peoples

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Professional teams[edit]

American football[edit]

Association football (soccer)[edit]






Canadian football[edit]

Ice hockey[edit]




Amateur and school teams[edit]

Colleges and universities[edit]

High schools[edit]

The following high schools are listed in alphabetical order by team name:




Big Reds[edit]










Eskimos or Eskymos[edit]



  • Adair County High School (Columbia, Kentucky)[12]
  • Albany High School (Albany, Georgia)
  • Altamont High School, Altamont, Illinois
  • Alvarado High School, Alvarado, Texas
  • Amesbury High School, Amesbury, Massachusetts
  • Anacoco High School, Anacoco, Louisiana
  • Anacostia High School, Washington, D.C.
  • Andale High School, Andale, Kansas
  • Anderson High School, Anderson, Indiana
  • Arapaho High School, Arapaho, Oklahoma
  • Arickaree High School, Anton, Colorado
  • Armijo High School, Fairfield, California
  • Armuchee High School, Rome, Georgia
  • Asher High School, Asher, Oklahoma
  • Athens High School, Athens, Michigan
  • Avinger High School, Avinger, Texas
  • Baldwin Middle-Senior High School, Baldwin, Florida
  • Bartlett Junior Senior High School, Webster, Massachusetts
  • Berkeley Springs High School, Berkeley Springs WV
  • Berlin High School, Berlin WI
  • Billerica Memorial High School, Billerica MA
  • Biloxi High School, Biloxi MS
  • Bismarck High School, Bismarck MO
  • Brentwood High School, Brentwood NY
  • Bridgeport High School, Bridgeport WV
  • Brimfield High School, Brimfield IL
  • Broken Bow High School, Broken Bow NE
  • Browning High School, Browning MT
  • Browning Indians, Blackfeet Reservation
  • Buhl High School, Buhl ID
  • Burroughs High School, Burbank CA
  • Byhalia High School, Byhalia MS
  • Caddo Hills High School, Norman AR
  • Calumet High School, Chicago IL
  • Camanche High School, Camanche IA
  • Cambridge High School, Cambridge NY
  • Campbell High School, Campbell TX
  • Canal Winchester High School, Canal Winchester OH
  • Canaseraga High School, Canaseraga NY
  • Candor High School, Candor NY
  • Carlisle High School, Price TX
  • Carlisle High School (Carlisle, Ohio)
  • Carlyle High School, Carlyle IL
  • Carrollton High School, Carrollton AL
  • Catoosa High School, Catoosa OK
  • Cedarville High School, Cedarville OH
  • Central High School, Cheyenne WY
  • Central High School, St. Joseph MO
  • Charlton County High School, Folkston GA
  • Chattooga High School, Summerville GA
  • Cherokee High School (Alabama), Cherokee AL
  • Cherokee High School, (Tennessee) Cherokee TX
  • Chesaning High School, Chesaning MI
  • Cheyenne Mountain High School, Colorado Springs CO
  • Chiefland High School, Chiefland FL
  • Chilhowee High School, Chilhowee MO
  • Choctawhatchee High School, Fort Walton Beach FL
  • Cincinnati Country Day High School, Cincinnati OH
  • Clark County High School, Kahoka MO
  • Clarke High School, Osceola IA
  • Clarksville High School, Clarksville IA
  • Clearwater High School, Clearwater KS
  • Cleveland High School, Cleveland TX
  • Clifton-Fine High School, Star Lake NY
  • Cobre High School, Bayard NM
  • Colbert County High School, Leighton AL
  • Colville High School, Colville WA
  • Comanche High School, Comanche TX
  • Comanche High School, Comanche OK
  • Conemaugh Township High School, Davidsville PA
  • Conneaut Lake High School, Conneaut Lake PA
  • Conneaut Valley High School, Conneautville PA
  • Copley High School, Copley OH
  • Cord-Charlotte High School, Charlotte AR
  • Couch Myrtle High School, MO
  • Council Rock North High School, Newtown PA
  • County Line High School, Branch, AR
  • Cowanesque Valley High School, Westfield PA
  • Coxsackie-Athens High School, Coxsackie NY
  • Cross Keys High School, Atlanta, GA
  • Dakota High School, Dakota, IL
  • Danville High School, Danville, VT
  • Dartmouth High School, South Dartmouth, MA
  • Delaplaine High School, Delaplaine, AR
  • Dobyns-Bennett High School, Kingsport, TN
  • Dodge County High School, Eastman, GA
  • Donegal High School, Mt. Joy, PA
  • Douglass High School, Douglass, TX
  • DuQuoin High School, DuQuoin, IL
  • East Bay High School, Gibsonton, FL
  • East Coweta High School, Sharpsburg, GA
  • East Limestone High School, Athens, AL
  • East Robertson High School, Cross Plains, TN
  • El Reno High School, El Reno, OK
  • Elko High School, Elko , NV
  • Elsberry High School, Elsberry, MO
  • Elton High School, Elton LA
  • Fair Park High School, Shreveport, LA
  • Fairfield High School, Fairfield, OH
  • Fairfield High School, Cincinnati, OH
  • Farmington High School, Farmington, CT
  • Flandreau Indian High School, Flandreau, SD
  • Forest City High School, Forest City, IA
  • Fort Davis High School, Fort Davis, TX
  • Fort Defiance High School, VA[13]
  • Fort Osage High School, Independence, MO
  • Fort Recovery High School, Fort Recovery, OH
  • Fort White High School, Fort White, FL
  • Four Winds High School (Spirit Lake Reservation), Fort Totten, ND
  • Fourche Valley High School, Briggsville, AR
  • Franklin High School (Reisterstown, Maryland)
  • Frankston High School, Frankston, TX
  • Fullerton Union High School, Fullerton, CA
  • Gaffney High School, Gaffney, SC
  • Ganado High School, Ganado, TX
  • Gar-Field Senior High School, Woodbridge, VA
  • Giddings State High School, Giddings, TX
  • Gilbert High School, Gilbert, SC
  • Girard High School, Girard, OH
  • Glens Falls High School, Glens Falls, NY
  • Grafton Memorial High School, Grafton, MA
  • Grand Ridge High School, Grand Ridge, FL
  • Grand Saline High School, Grand Saline, TX
  • Greenville High School, Greenville, CA
  • Greenwood High School, Greenwood, WI
  • Groton High School, Groton, NY
  • Groveton High School, Groveton, TX
  • Guilford High School, Guilford, CT
  • H.C. Wilcox Technical High School, Meriden CT
  • Hallsville High School, Hallsville, MO
  • Hancock County High School, Sneedville, TN
  • Hanover High School, Hanover, MA
  • Happy Camp High School, Happy Camp, CA
  • Harlandale High School, San Antonio, TX
  • Harpeth High School, Kingston Springs, TN
  • Hart High School, Newhall, CA
  • Hartford High School, Hartford, MI
  • Haskell High School, Haskell, TX
  • Hays High School, Hays, KS
  • Hayti High School, Hayti, MO
  • Hazlehurst High School, Hazlehurst, MS
  • Hillsboro High School, Hillsboro, OH
  • Holt High School, Wentzville, MO
  • Holy Cross High School, Covington, KY
  • Hononegah High School, Rockton, IL
  • Hoosic Valley High School, Schaghticoke, NY
  • Hoxie High School, Hoxie, KS
  • Huckabay High School, Stephenville, TX
  • Immokalee High School, Immokalee, FL
  • Indian Lake Central High School, Indian Lake, NY
  • Indian River High School, Dagsboro, DE
  • Indiana High School, Indiana, PA
  • Indianola High School, Indianola, IA
  • Irwin County High School, Ocilla, GA
  • Istrouma High School, Baton Rouge, LA
  • Itawamba Agricultural High School, Fulton, MS
  • Jackson High School, Jackson, MO
  • Jackson North Side High School, Jackson, TN
  • Jacksonville High School, Jacksonville, TX
  • Jefferson High School, Daly City, CA
  • Jim Ned High School, Tuscola, TX
  • John Jay High School, Cross River, NY
  • Johnston City High School, Johnston City , IL
  • Jourdanton High School, Jourdanton, TX
  • Juniata High School, Mifflintown, PA
  • Karnack High School, Karnack, TX
  • Keller High School, Keller, TX
  • Kelly High School, Wise, VA
  • Kennett High School, Kennett, MO
  • Keshequa High School, Nunda, NY
  • Ketcham High School, Wappingers Falls, NY
  • Kewaskum High School, Kewaskum, WI
  • Keya Paha County High School, Springview, NE
  • Keystone Heights High School, Keystone Heights, FL
  • Kiowa High School, Kiowa, CO
  • Lake Central High School, St. John, IN
  • Lane Technical College Prep High School, Chicago, IL
  • Larned High School, Larned, KS
  • Lawrenceville High School, Lawrenceville, IL
  • Lehighton Area High School, Lehighton, PA
  • Lemont High School, Lemont, IL
  • Lenape High School, Medford, NJ
  • Letchworth High School, Gainesville NY
  • Lewistown High School, Lewistown IL
  • Liberty High School, Liberty, NY
  • Lipan High School, Lipan, TX
  • Little Axe High School, Norman, OK
  • Loachapoka High School, Loachapoka, AL
  • Lodge Grass High School, Lodge Grass, MT
  • Loveland High School, Loveland , CO
  • Lumpkin County High School, Dahlonega, GA
  • Lutie High School, Theodosia, MO
  • Lyme Central High School, Chaumont, NY
  • Madison Central High School, Richmond, KY
  • Mahnomen High School, Mahnomen, MN
  • Mahnomen/Waubun High School, Mahnomen, MN
  • Mahopac High School, Mahopac, NY
  • Manchester High School, Manchester, CT
  • Manhasset High School, Manhasset, NY
  • Manhattan High School, Manhattan, KS
  • Marengo High School, Marengo, IL
  • Maricopa High School, Maricopa, CA
  • Marietta High School, Marietta, OK
  • Marion High School, Marion, IA
  • Marked Tree High School, Marked Tree, AR
  • Marysville High School, Marysville, CA
  • Mascoutah High School, Mascoutah, IL
  • McEachern High School, Powder Springs, GA
  • Mechanicsburg High School, Mechanicsburg, OH
  • Medicine Lodge High School, Medicine Lodge, KS
  • Menomonee Falls High School, Menomonee Falls ,WI
  • Meredosia-Chambersburg High School, Meredosia, IL
  • Milan High School, Milan, IN
  • Milford High School, Milford, CT
  • Millersburg High School, Millersburg, PA
  • Minatare High School, Minatare, NE
  • Minooka High School, Minooka, IL
  • Mishicot High School, Mishicot, WI
  • Mississinewa High School, Gas City, IN
  • Mohawk High School, Marcola, OR
  • Molalla High School, Molalla, OR
  • Montgomery Central High School, Cunningham, TN
  • Montgomery County High School, Mt. Sterling, KY
  • Montrose High School, Montrose, CO
  • Montville High School, Oakdale, CT
  • Morton High School, Morton, TX
  • Mosinee High School, Mosinee, WI
  • Mountain Valley High School, Saguache, CO
  • Mountain Valley/Moffat High School, Saguache, CO
  • Mt. Gilead High School, Mt. Gilead, OH
  • Mukwonago High School, Mukwonago, WI
  • Muncy High School, Muncy, PA
  • Murray County High School, Chatsworth, GA
  • Napa High School, Napa, CA
  • Navajo High School, Altus, OK
  • Negreet High School, Negreet, LA
  • Neoga High School, Neoga IL
  • New Hope High School, New Hope, AL
  • Newberry High School, Newberry, MI
  • Newington High School, Newington, CT
  • Newington/Berlin High School, Newington, CT
  • Newton Local High School, Pleasant Hill, OH
  • Nezperce High School, Nezperce, ID
  • Nocona High School, Nocona, TX
  • North Shawnee High School, Mission, KS
  • North Brookfield High School, North Brookfield, MA
  • North Central High School, Spokane , WA
  • North East High School, North East, MD
  • North Haven High School, North Haven, CT
  • North Haven/Amity/Cheshire High School, North Haven, CT
  • North Hills High School, Pittsburgh, PA
  • Northside Vernon, TX
  • Northumberland High School, Heathsville, VA
  • Northwest High School, Canal Fulton, OH
  • Northwest Catholic High School, West Hartford, CT
  • Norwood High School, Norwood, OH
  • Nyack High School, Upper Nyack, NY
  • Nyack/Tappan Zee High School, Upper Nyack, NY
  • Odessa-Montour High School, Odessa, NY
  • Ogallala High School, Ogallala, NE
  • Ohatchee High School, Ohatchee, AL
  • Oklahoma School for the Deaf, Sulphur, OK
  • Oneida High School, Oneida, TN
  • Oneida High School, Oneida, NY
  • Onteora High School, Boiceville, NY
  • Orangeburg Prep High School, Orangeburg, SC
  • Osage High School, Kaiser, MO
  • Osage City High School, Osage City, KS
  • Osceola High School, Osceola, MO
  • Oshkosh West High School, Oshkosh, WI
  • Oskaloosa High School, Oskaloosa, IA
  • Oswego High School, Oswego, KS
  • Owego Free Academy High School, Owego, NY
  • Pacific High School, Pacific, MO
  • Paint Rock High School, Paint Rock, TX
  • Palm Springs High School, Palm Springs, CA
  • Pascack Valley High School, Hillsdale, NJ
  • Passaic High School, Passaic, NJ
  • Pawnee High School, Pawnee, IL
  • Pawnee City High School, Pawnee City, NE
  • Pawnee/Divernon High School, Pawnee, IL
  • Pecatonica High School, Pecatonica, IL
  • Peebles High School, Peebles, OH
  • Penn Hills High School, Pittsburgh, PA
  • Pennsauken High School, Pennsauken, NJ
  • Peru High School, Peru, NY
  • Peters Township High School, McMurray, PA
  • Pinson Valley High School, Pinson, AL
  • Piqua High School, Piqua, OH
  • Plainview High School, Ardmore, OK
  • Pocahontas High School, Pocahontas, VA
  • Pocahontas High School, Pocahontas, IA
  • Pocahontas/Pomeroy-Palmer High School, Pomeroy IA
  • Pocatello High School, Pocatello, ID
  • Pocola High School, Pocola, OK
  • Ponca High School, Ponca, NE
  • Pontiac High School, Pontiac, IL
  • Poplar High School, Poplar, MT
  • Port Neches-Groves High School, Port Neches, TX
  • Portage High School, Portage, IN
  • Powell Valley High School, Speedwell, TN
  • Powhatan High School, Powhatan, VA
  • Poyen High School, Poyen, AR
  • Prairie Lea High School, Prairie Lea, TX
  • Preston High School, Preston, ID
  • Puxico High School, Puxico, MO
  • Quanah High School, Quanah, TX
  • Rahway High School, Rahway, NJ
  • Ravena-Coeymans-Selkirk High School, Ravena, NY
  • Reardan High School, Reardan, WA
  • Red Jacket High School, Shortsville, NY
  • Renton High School, Renton, WA
  • Richfield Springs Central High School, Richfield Springs, NY
  • Riesel High School, Riesel, TX
  • Ripon High School, Ripon, CA
  • Rittman High School, Rittman, OH
  • Roosevelt High School, Yonkers, NY
  • Roseburg High School, Roseburg, OR
  • Roxborough High School, Philadelphia, PA
  • Rural Retreat High School, Rural Retreat, VA
  • Russellville High School, Russellville, MO
  • Sac City High School, Sac City, IA
  • Sacred Heart Catholic School, Hallettsville, TX
  • Sanborn Regional High School, Kingston, NH
  • Sandwich Community High School, Sandwich, IL
  • Sanford High School, Sanford, CO
  • Sanger High School, Sanger, TX
  • Santa Fe High School, Santa Fe, TX
  • Satanta High School, Satanta, KS
  • Saugatuck High School, Saugatuck, MI[14]
  • Sauquoit Valley High School, Sauquoit, NY
  • Scappoose High School, Scappoose, OR
  • Schoharie High School, Schoharie, NY
  • Seminole High School, Seminole, TX
  • Seminole County High School, Donalsonville, GA
  • Seneca High School, Seneca, WI
  • Seneca High School, Seneca, MO
  • Sequatchie County High School, Dunlap, TN
  • Sequoyah High School, Tahlequah, OK
  • Sewanhaka High School, Floral Park, NY
  • Seymour High School, Payson, IL
  • Shady Side Academy, Pittsburgh, PA
  • Shamokin Area High School, Coal Township, PA
  • Shattuck High School, Shattuck, OK
  • Shawnee High School (Lima, Ohio)
  • Shelter Island High School, Shelter Island, NY
  • Shelter Island/Ross High School, Shelter Island, NY
  • Shoshone High School, Shoshone, ID
  • Sissonville High School, Charleston, WV
  • Skowhegan Area High School, Skowhegan, ME
  • Sleepy Eye High School, Sleepy Eye, MN
  • Souderton High School, Souderton, PA
  • South Bend High School, South Bend, WA
  • Southampton High School, Courtland, VA
  • Southern High School, Salineville, OH
  • Southern Choctaw High School, Gilbertown, AL
  • Southern Fulton High School, Warfordsburg, PA
  • Spirit Lake High School, Spirit Lake, IA
  • St. Francis High School, St. Francis, KS
  • St. Joseph High School, South Bend, IN
  • St. Paul High School, St. Paul, KS
  • St. Stephens High School, Hickory, NC
  • St. Vincent High School, Perryville, MO
  • Stafford High School, Falmouth, VA
  • Stamford Central High School, Stamford, NY
  • Stebbins High School, Riverside, OH
  • Stephens County High School, Toccoa, GA
  • Stilwell High School, Stilwell, OK
  • Stockbridge Valley High School, Munnsville, NY
  • Strafford High School, Strafford, MO
  • Strasburg High School, Strasburg, CO
  • Susquehanna Township High School, Harrisburg, PA
  • Swett High School, Crockett, CA
  • Tallulah Falls High School, Tallulah Falls, GA
  • Tarkio High School, Tarkio, MO
  • Tecumseh High School (Michigan), Tecumseh, MI
  • Tekonsha High School, Tekonsha, MI
  • Tioga High School, Tioga, LA
  • Tishomingo High School, Tishomingo, OK
  • Toledo High School, Toledo, WA
  • Toms River South High School, Toms River, NJ
  • Touchet High School, Touchet, WA
  • Towns County High School, Hiawassee, GA
  • Turners Falls High School, Montague, MA
  • Twin Lakes High School, Monticello, IN
  • Union City High School, Union City, IN
  • Unionville High School, Kennett Square, PA
  • Upper Perkiomen High School, Pennsburg, PA
  • Valley High School, Lucasville, OH
  • Van-Far High School, Vandalia, MO
  • Venice High School, Venice, FL
  • Vero Beach High School, Vero Beach, FL
  • Vici High School, Vici, OK
  • Vidalia High School, Vidalia, GA
  • Waite High School, Toledo, OH
  • Wapanucka High School, Wapanucka, OK
  • Wapello High School, Wapello, IA
  • Ware High School, Ware, MA
  • Washington-Marion High School, Lake Charles, LA
  • Waterloo High School, Waterloo, NY
  • Watertown High School, Watertown, CT
  • Watertown/Pomperaug High School, Watertown, CT
  • Waterville High School, Waterville, NY
  • Waterville/Madison Central High School, Waterville, NY
  • Waukon High School, Waukon, IA
  • Wauseon High School, Wauseon, OH
  • Waxahachie High School, Waxahachie, TX
  • Wayne City High School, Wayne City, IL
  • Wayne Valley High School, Wayne, NJ
  • Waynesboro High School, Waynesboro, PA
  • Weehawken High School, Weehawken, NJ
  • Weeping Water High School, Weeping Water, NE
  • Weequahic High School, Newark, NJ
  • Wells High School, Wells, NY
  • West Allegheny High School, Imperial, PA
  • West Canada Valley High School, Newport, NY
  • West Forest High School, Tionesta, PA
  • West Seneca High School, West Seneca, NY
  • Western High School, Latham, OH Western Local Schools
  • Westminster Catawba Christian High School, Rock Hill, SC[15]
  • Wetumpka High School, Wetumpka AL[16]
  • Weyauwega-Fremont High School, Weyauwega, WI[17]
  • White Cloud High School, White Cloud, MI[18]
  • Wichita County High School, Leoti, KS[19]
  • Wicomico High School, Salisbury, MD[20]
  • Wilcox RVT, Meriden CT
  • Williford High School, Williford AR[21]
  • Winnebago High School, Winnebago, IL[22]
  • Winnebago High School, Winnebago, NE[23]
  • Yazoo City High School, Yazoo City, MS[24]
  • Ysleta High School, El Paso TX,[25]
  • Yuma High School, Yuma, CO[26]



Red Raiders/Raiders[edit]












A number of schools with the name "Warriors" never used indigenous imagery, or changed in response to the controversy. An example of the latter is the Hall High School (Connecticut) which dropped its Indian logo in 2012.[89]

Middle school[edit]

Pop Warner Football League[edit]

Further information: Pop Warner Little Scholars

Little league baseball[edit]

Youth/Little league football[edit]


Youth football (England)[edit]

Teams that no longer use Native American names or symbols[edit]


Old NameSchoolCity, StateYear ChangedNew NameNotes
BeothukMemorial University of NewfoundlandSt. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada1987Sea-HawksThe Beothuk aboriginal peoples went extinct in 1829 and the university deemed the use of the Beothuk name to be offensive
BravesUniversity of West GeorgiaCarrollton, Georgia2006Wolves
BravesSeneca CollegeToronto, Ontario1999-2000The Sting
BravesQuinnipiac UniversityHamden, Connecticut2002Bobcats
Brown Indians/SquawsSt. Bonaventure UniversityAllegany (town), New York1979Bonnies
ChiefsOklahoma City UniversityOklahoma City, OklahomaStars
ChiefsSpringfield CollegeSpringfield, MassachusettsPride
ChieftainsSeattle UniversitySeattle, WashingtonRedhawks
ChieftainsStonehill CollegeEaston, MassachusettsSkyhawks
Fighting SiouxUniversity of North DakotaGrand Forks, North Dakota2012None yet selected
HuronsEastern Michigan UniversityYpsilanti, MichiganEastern Michigan EaglesThe mascot is "Swoop"
IndiansAdams State UniversityAlamosa, ColoradoGrizzlies
IndiansArkansas State UniversityJonesboro, ArkansasArkansas State Red Wolves
IndiansUniversity of the CumberlandsWilliamsburg, Kentucky2002PatriotsOriginally Cumberland College, name changed 2005
IndiansDartmouth CollegeHanover, New Hampshire1970sDartmouth Big GreenIndians was not official
IndiansMidwestern State UniversityWichita Falls, Texas2006Mustangs
IndiansMcMurry UniversityAbilene, Texas2006War Hawks
IndiansUniversity of Louisiana at MonroeMonroe, LouisianaLouisiana–Monroe Warhawks
IndiansIndiana University of PennsylvaniaIndiana County, Pennsylvania2007IUP Crimson Hawks
IndiansStanford UniversityStanford, California1972Stanford Cardinalfor the school color, a shade of red
IndiansCollege of William & MaryWilliamsburg, Virginia1978TribeMascot is the Griffin
Indians and OtahkiansSoutheast Missouri State UniversityCape Girardeau, Missouri2004Southeast Missouri State Redhawks"H" is NOT capitalized here, unlike the case with Miami's nickname.
MohawksMassachusetts College of Liberal ArtsNorth Adams, MassachusettsTrailblazers
PlainsmenNebraska Wesleyan UniversityLincoln, NebraskaPrairie Wolves
Red RaidersColgate UniversityHamilton (village), New YorkRaiders
RedmenCarthage CollegeKenosha, WisconsinRed Men/Lady Reds
RedmenUniversity of MassachusettsAmherst, Massachusetts1972UMass MinutemenAccording to the University Redmen referred to the color of uniforms worn by the athletics teams
RedmenNortheastern State UniversityTahlequah, OklahomaRiverHawksFounded as the Cherokee National Female Seminary
RedmenSt. John's UniversityNew York City1995Red StormThe school's website indicates that the name did not refer to American Indians, but to the school color, a bright cardinal red.
Redmen and Lady RedsSimpson CollegeIndianola, Iowa1992The Storm
RedskinsMiami UniversityOxford, Ohio1997Miami RedHawks
RedskinsSouthern Nazarene UniversityBethany, OklahomaCrimson Storm
Saltine WarriorSyracuse UniversitySyracuse, New YorkSyracuse Orange
SavagesDickinson State UniversityDickinson, North Dakota1972Blue Hawks
SavagesEastern Washington UniversityCheney, Washington1973Eagles
SavagesSoutheastern Oklahoma State UniversityDurant, Oklahoma2006Savage Storm
WarriorsHartwick CollegeOneonta, New York1994Hawks
WarriorsMarquette UniversityMilwaukee, Wisconsin1994Marquette Golden EaglesRetired the mascot "Willie Wampum" in 1971[136]

Pro and minor league[edit]

Old NameSport/LeagueCity, StateYear ChangedNew NameNotes
Akron IndiansNational Football LeagueAkron, OHAkron ProsChanged back to the Indians in 1926, then folded
Tri-Cities "Blackhawks"Basketball1951Atlanta HawksTeam was also the Milwaukee & St. Louis "Hawks"
Buffalo BravesNational Basketball Association1978Los Angeles ClippersAlso the San Diego Clippers
Burlington IndiansBaseballBurlington RoyalsAffiliated with the Kansas City Royals
Canton/Akron IndiansMinor League BaseballAkron, OHAerosFormer farm team for the Cleveland Indians
Cleveland Indians (1921)National Football LeagueCleveland, Ohiodefunct
Cleveland Indians (1931)National Football LeagueCleveland, Ohiodefunct
Duluth Eskimosprofessional footballDuluth, MN1927NAalso known as the Duluth "Kelleys"
Flint IndiansMichigan Baseball League
Kansas City ScoutsNational Hockey Leaguenow the New Jersey DevilsFirst moved to Colorado and became the "Rockies"
Kinston IndiansMinor League Baseball
Mexico City AztecasContinental Basketball AssociationMexico CityNAOnly one season 1994-95
Oorang IndiansNational Football LeagueNA, defunctConsisting mostly of Native Americans
Ottawa TomahawksNational Basketball League of CanadaOttawaSeaHawksName dropped shortly after announced due to controversy
Salisbury IndiansMinor League BaseballSalisbury, MarylandNADefunct
Springfield IndiansPeoria, IllinoisRivermenFirst moved to Worcester and became the IceCats
TecumsehMajor Series Lacrosse (OALA Sr A)Toronto, ON1911Young Torontos

High schools[edit]


Defunct mascots[edit]

Fictional teams[edit]

"Chief" nickname[edit]

It is also common practice to use the nickname "Chief" for indigenous sportsmen. Some notable examples include:

However, use of the "Chief" nickname is not necessarily limited to indigenous sportsmen.

Kansas City mayor (1952–1960) H. Roe Bartle began his career as a Professional Boy Scout Executive, whereupon he founded an honor camping society (Mic-O-Say) for the Boy Scouts in the St Joseph, MO and Kansas City, MO Boy Scout Councils. As founder of Mic-O-Say and "Chief" (Lone Bear,as he was known in Mic-O-Say circles), Bartle was instrumental in bringing the AFL Dallas Texans to Kansas City, MO in 1963. The transplanted AFL franchise was renamed the "Chiefs" in his honor.

Basketball Hall of Famer Robert Parish, an African American, was nicknamed "The Chief", after Chief Bromden, a Native American character in the novel One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest and its film adaptation who pretended to be deaf and mute. Parish was originally given the nickname by Boston Celtics teammate Cedric Maxwell because of his stoic nature.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ The Hockey News: Special Features:'s NHL Logo Rankings
  2. ^ About Bacone College
  3. ^ Wieberg, Steve (2005-08-12). "Fla. State gets backing". USA Today. 
  4. ^ 'Fighting Illini FAQ' | University of Illinois Archives
  5. ^ Gary Fuller. "Arcadia High School's Apache Name Continues To Spark Controversy". Retrieved 2013-11-15. 
  6. ^ a b c Bañes, Lanz Christian (2013-11-18). "Vallejo: Apache mascot at high school may be changed". Retrieved 23 November 2013. 
  7. ^
  8. ^ "Ugh! to Agawam's Nickname". The Los Angeles Times. April 25, 1987. Retrieved 2014-01-17. 
  9. ^ Facebook
  10. ^ "Escanaba Area Public Schools: Indian Education Program". 
  11. ^ Alan Boraas (September 19, 2014). "Aniak Halfbreeds? Proud name; Washington Redskins? Racist slur". Alaska Dispatch News. 
  12. ^ Adair County Kentucky
  13. ^ Augusta County
  14. ^ "Indian mascots for schools and sports teams? Contentious Saugatuck forum revives debate". The Grand Rapids Press. April 21, 2009. Retrieved 2013-11-15. 
  15. ^ Westminster Catawba Christian School
  16. ^ Wetumpka AL
  17. ^ Weyauwega-Fremont
  18. ^ White Cloud
  19. ^ Leoti
  20. ^ Salisbury, MD
  21. ^ Williford AR
  22. ^ Winnebago, IL
  23. ^ Winnebago NE
  24. ^ Yazoo City MS
  25. ^ El Paso TX
  26. ^ Yuma CO
  27. ^ [1]
  28. ^ DAN SEUFERT (April 16, 2014). "Students say they want to change the face of Belmont mascot". 
  29. ^ Cedar High School Redmen
  30. ^ "Killingly High School". 
  31. ^ Anderson High School
  32. ^ Cindy Kranz (August 14, 2003). "Student, school at odds on mascot". The Cincinnati Enquirer. Retrieved 2013-11-15. 
  33. ^ Belding MI
  34. ^ Pembroke GA
  35. ^ San Andreas CA
  36. ^ Gray George (January 21, 2014). "Redskins mascot a source of pride, outrage". Calaveras Enterprise. 
  37. ^ Camden MI
  38. ^ Canisteo NY
  39. ^ "Redskins nickname causing new uproar". June 12, 2013. Retrieved 2013-11-15. 
  40. ^ Chowchilla CA
  41. ^ Clinton MI
  42. ^ Colleen Wells (April 29, 2010). "Controversial Clinton School's Redskins mascot will stay". Toledo News Now. Retrieved 2013-11-15. 
  43. ^ Wilmington DE
  44. ^ Coshocton High School
  45. ^ Dustin OK
  46. ^ Knox IN
  47. ^ [2]
  48. ^ Annie Chang (July 30, 2013). "Goshen High's mascot stays the Redskins". WSBT-TV. Retrieved 2013-11-15. 
  49. ^ Gustine CA
  50. ^ Indian Creek High School
  51. ^ Kingston OK
  52. ^
  53. ^ La Veta CO
  54. ^ Mike Florio (July 19, 2013). "Another high school looks at whether to keep Redskins name". NBC Sports. Retrieved 2013-10-15. 
  55. ^ Little River KS
  56. ^ Loudon TN
  57. ^ Loudon Football
  58. ^ Stephen W Butera (October 18, 2013). "Redskins name at Loudon H.S. a tradition, despite national controversy". WBIR. 
  59. ^ "McLoud: Our-Community Is Proud Of Our Name". 
  60. ^ Momence IL
  61. ^ Morris IL
  62. ^ Omari Fleming (Oct 25, 2013). "Parent Asks School To Change Mascot Name". Fox News. 
  63. ^ Christian Menno (October 25, 2013). "Student newspaper to stop using school's 'Redskin' nickname". The Morning Call. 
  64. ^ Nokomis IL
  65. ^ Oneonta AL
  66. ^ Oriskany NY
  67. ^ Paw Paw MI
  68. ^ Ringgold LA
  69. ^ Rush Springs OK
  70. ^ Sandusky MI
  71. ^ Saranac MI
  72. ^ Sayre PA
  73. ^ Wolf Lake, Illinois
  74. ^ Social Circle GA
  75. ^
  76. ^ [3]
  77. ^ Wapakoneta
  78. ^ [4]
  79. ^ Wichita KS
  80. ^ [5]
  81. ^ Broken Bow OK
  82. ^ Hot Springs HS
  83. ^ Lamar CO
  84. ^ Leflore OK
  85. ^ Quinton OK
  86. ^ Salmon, ID
  87. ^ Salmon River ID
  88. ^ Sigourney IA
  89. ^ "Hall High School Warriors removes Indian mascot". West Hartford News. June 15, 2012. 
  90. ^ Antioch Redskins
  91. ^ Dearborn Heights Redskins Jr. Football
  92. ^ Grayling Redskins Youth Football
  93. ^ Lancaster Junior Redskins
  94. ^ Morden Redskins
  95. ^ Little Redskins
  96. ^ New Rock Redskins
  97. ^ Ohio Redskins Youth Sports
  98. ^ Patterson Redskins Football
  99. ^ Rochester Redskins
  100. ^ Sarasota Redskins
  101. ^ South Cherokee Recreation Association
  102. ^ Sterling Heights Redskins
  103. ^ Wayland Redskins
  104. ^ Woonsocket Redskins
  105. ^ Albemarle Redskins Virginia
  106. ^ Bennetts Creek Warriors
  107. ^ Derby Red Raiders, CT
  108. ^ East Bay Warriors, Oakland CA
  109. ^ Fort Braden Chiefs, FL
  110. ^ Immokalee Seminoles, FL
  111. ^ Lower Sussex Indians, DE
  112. ^ Nonnewaug Chiefs, CT
  113. ^ [6]
  114. ^ Phoenix, AZ
  115. ^ Pomperaug Warriors, CT
  116. ^ Reynolds Corner Redskins, Toledo OH
  117. ^ Southland Comanches, CO
  118. ^ Stratford Redskin, CT
  119. ^ Water Oak Indians , CT
  120. ^ Western Albemarle Chiefs
  121. ^ Willamette Redskins, Eugene OR
  122. ^ Indians
  123. ^ [7]
  124. ^ DeRon Talley (November 15, 2012). "D'ville Redskins headed to the Superbowl". The Donaldsonville Chief. 
  125. ^ [8]
  126. ^ [9]
  127. ^ [10]
  128. ^ [11]
  129. ^ [12]
  130. ^ [13]
  131. ^ "Local Redskins youth league not feeling pressure to change name". WWSB. June 19, 2014. 
  132. ^ [14]
  133. ^ [15]
  134. ^ [16]
  135. ^ [17]
  136. ^ "Willie Wampum". 
  137. ^ Cooperstown CS
  138. ^ "Cooperstown Redskins No More: NY School Board Votes To Retire Nickname After Criticism". AP. 03/07/13. Retrieved 2013-10-15. 
  139. ^ No longer "Indians"?
  140. ^ Ericka Mellon (April 15, 2014). "New HISD mascots: Huskies, Wolf Pack, Texans". The Houston Chronicle. 
  141. ^ "History of the NCHS Mascot". Retrieved 2013-11-15. 
  142. ^ Charlie Bermant. "Redhawks logo selected for Port Townsend High School". Peninsula Daily News. 
  143. ^
  144. ^ Ryan McLaughlin (June 8, 2012). "Sanford High School replaces Redskins with Spartans". Bangor Daily News. 
  145. ^ Sherrell Hubbard (June 11, 2014). "Before Washington Redskins controversy, Louisville had Seneca". 
  146. ^ Tamalpais High School official site: A Brief History of Tam, accessed 10/21/2013
  147. ^ Jerry Ulmer (August 29, 2014). "The Dalles becomes latest Oregon school to drop Native American mascot". The Oregonian. 
  148. ^ Bañes, Lanz Christian (2013-11-21). "Vallejo school board votes to drop Apaches' name". Vallejo Times Herald. Retrieved 23 November 2013. 
  149. ^ Schaefer, Samantha (November 21, 2013). "Controversial Apache mascot dropped by Northern California school". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 23 November 2013. 
  150. ^ Lanz Christian Bañes (February 6, 2014). "Redhawks chosen as new Vallejo High mascot, replacing Apaches". Times-Herald. 
  151. ^ [18]
  152. ^ "Indians"?
  153. ^ Seth Koenig (March 19, 2011). "Wiscasset High to keep ‘Redskins’ mascot through end of school year". Times Record. 
  154. ^ Seth Koenig (April 15, 2011). "Wiscasset High releases poll on proposals to replace controversial ‘Redskins’ moniker". Retrieved 2013-11-15. 

King, C. Richard, Ellen J. Staurowsky, Lawrence Baca, Laurel R. Davis, and Cornel Pewewardy 2002. Of Polls and Prejudice: Sports Illustrated’s Errant ‘Indian Wars’. Journal of Sport & Social Issues 26 (4), November: 381-402.

External links[edit]