List of sovereign states and dependent territories in Africa

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Africa (orthographic projection).svg

This is a list of sovereign states and dependent territories in Africa, with information about their respective capitals, languages, currencies, population, area and GDP per capita.

Malta and parts of France, Italy, Portugal and Spain are located on the African continental plate, however they are considered European by convention. The island of Socotra is also on the African plate, but is part of the Asian state of Yemen. Egypt, although extending into Asia through the Sinai Peninsula, is considered an African state.

Sovereign states[edit]

Recognised states[edit]

The following 54 fully recognised states are all members of the United Nations,[1] and all except Morocco are members of the African Union.[2][3]

Name (official name)FlagCapitalCurrencyOfficial language(s)Area (km2)PopulationGDP per capita (PPP) (US$)Map
Algeria[4] (People's Democratic Republic of Algeria)AlgeriaAlgiersAlgerian dinarArabic2,381,74033,333,2167,1243Location Algeria AU Africa.svg
Angola[5] (Republic of Angola)AngolaLuandaKwanzaPortuguese1,246,70015,941,0002,81342

Location Angola AU Africa.svg

Benin[6]
(Republic of Benin)
BeninPorto NovoWest African CFA francFrench112,6228,439,0001,17624Location Benin AU Africa.svg
Botswana[7] (Republic of Botswana)BotswanaGaboronePulaEnglish, Setswana581,7261,839,83311,40046Location Botswana AU Africa.svg
Burkina Faso[8]
(Burkina Faso)
Burkina FasoOuagadougouWest African CFA francFrench274,00013,228,0001,28421Location Burkina Faso AU Africa.svg
Burundi[9] (Republic of Burundi)BurundiBujumburaBurundi francKirundi, French27,8307,548,00073938Location Burundi AU Africa.svg
Cameroon[10] (Republic of Cameroon)CameroonYaoundéCentral African CFA francFrench, English475,44217,795,0002,42126Location Cameroon AU Africa.svg
Cape Verde[11] (Republic of Cabo Verde)Cape VerdePraiaCape Verdean escudoPortuguese4,033420,9796,41814aLocation Cape Verde AU Africa.svg
Central African Republic[12] (Central African Republic)Central African RepublicBanguiCentral African CFA francSango, French622,9844,216,6661,19827Location Central African Republic AU Africa.svg
Chad[13] (Republic of Chad)ChadN'DjamenaCentral African CFA francFrench, Arabic1,284,00010,146,0001,51911Location Chad AU Africa.svg
Comoros[14] (Union of the Comoros)ComorosMoroniComorian francArabic, French, Comorian2,235798,0001,66043aLocation Comoros AU Africa.svg
Côte d'Ivoire[15] (Republic of Côte d'Ivoire)Ivory CoastYamoussoukro
West African CFA francFrench322,46017,654,8431,60020Location Côte d'Ivoire AU Africa.svg
Democratic Republic of Congo[16][n 1] (Democratic Republic of Congo)Democratic Republic of the CongoKinshasaCongolese francFrench2,344,85875,507,30877434Location DR Congo AU Africa.svg
Djibouti[17] (Republic of Djibouti)DjiboutiDjiboutiDjiboutian FrancArabic, French23,200906,0002,07029Location Djibouti AU Africa.svg
Egypt[18][n 2] (Arab Republic of Egypt)EgyptCairoEgyptian PoundArabic1,001,44984,550,0004,8365Location Egypt AU Africa.svg
Equatorial Guinea[19] (Republic of Equatorial Guinea)Equatorial GuineaMalaboCentral African CFA francSpanish, French, Portuguese28,051504,00016,31231Location Equatorial Guinea AU Africa.svg
Eritrea[20]
(State of Eritrea)
EritreaAsmaraNakfaTigrinya, Arabic, English117,6005,880,0001,00013Location Eritrea AU Africa.svg
Ethiopia[21] (Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia)EthiopiaAddis AbabaEthiopian birrAmharic1,104,30085,237,3381,10028Location Ethiopia AU Africa.svg
Gabon[22] (Gabonese Republic)GabonLibrevilleCentral African CFA francFrench267,6681,384,0007,05532Location Gabon AU Africa.svg
Gambia[23] (Republic of The Gambia)The GambiaBanjulDalasiEnglish10,3801,517,000200215Location Gambia AU Africa.svg
Ghana[24] (Republic of Ghana)GhanaAccraGhanaian cediEnglish238,53423,000,0002,70022Location Ghana AU Africa.svg
Guinea[25] (Republic of Guinea)GuineaConakryGuinean francFrench245,85710,057,9752,03517 Location Guinea AU Africa.svg
Guinea-Bissau[26] (Republic of Guinea-Bissau)Guinea-BissauBissauWest African CFA francPortuguese36,1251,586,00073616Location Guinea Bissau AU Africa.svg
Kenya[27] (Republic of Kenya)KenyaNairobiKenyan shillingSwahili, English580,36734,707,8171,44536Location Kenya AU Africa.svg
Lesotho[28] (Kingdom of Lesotho)LesothoMaseruLotiSesotho, English30,3552,067,0002,11349Location Lesotho AU Africa.svg
Liberia[29] (Republic of Liberia)LiberiaMonroviaLiberian dollarEnglish111,3694,128,5721,00319Location Liberia AU Africa.svg
Libya[30]
(State of Libya)
LibyaTripoliLibyan dinarArabic1,759,5406,036,91412,7004Location Libya AU Africa.svg
Madagascar[31] (Republic of Madagascar)MadagascarAntananarivoMalagasy AriaryMalagasy, French587,04118,606,00090544 Location Madagascar AU Africa.svg
Malawi[32] (Republic of Malawi)MalawiLilongweMalawian kwachaEnglish, Chichewa118,48412,884,00059642Location Malawi AU Africa.svg
Mali[33]
(Republic of Mali)
MaliBamakoWest African CFA francFrench1,240,19213,518,0001,1549 Location Mali AU Africa.svg
Mauritania[34] (Islamic Republic of Mauritania)MauritaniaNouakchottMauritanian OuguiyaArabic1,030,7003,069,0002,4028Location Mauritania AU Africa.svg
Mauritius[35] (Republic of Mauritius)MauritiusPort LouisMauritian rupeeEnglish2,0401,219,22013,70344aLocation Mauritius AU Africa.svg
Morocco[36] (Kingdom of Morocco)MoroccoRabatMoroccan dirhamArabic, Berber446,550 (internationally recognized), 710,850 (claimed)35,757,1754,6002Location Morocco Africa.svg
Mozambique[37] (Republic of Mozambique)MozambiqueMaputoMozambican meticalPortuguese801,59020,366,7951,38943Location Mozambique AU Africa.svg
Namibia[38] (Republic of Namibia)NamibiaWindhoekNamibian dollarEnglish825,4182,031,0007,47845Location Namibia AU Africa.svg
Niger[39] (Republic of Niger)NigerNiameyWest African CFA francFrench1,267,00013,957,00087210Location Niger AU Africa.svg
Nigeria[40] (Federal Republic of Nigeria)NigeriaAbujaNigerian nairaEnglish923,768174,507,5391,18825Location Nigeria AU Africa.svg
Republic of Congo[41][n 3] (Republic of Congo)Republic of the CongoBrazzavilleCentral African CFA francFrench342,0004,012,8093,91925Location Republic of the Congo AU Africa.svg
Rwanda[42] (Republic of Rwanda)RwandaKigaliRwandan francKinyarwanda, French, English26,7987,600,0001,30037Location Rwanda AU Africa.svg
São Tomé and Príncipe[43] (Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe)São Tomé and PríncipeSão ToméSão Tomé and Príncipe DobraPortuguese964183,1761,26631aLocation São Tomé and Príncipe AU Africa.svg
Senegal[44] (Republic of Senegal)SenegalDakarWest African CFA francFrench196,72311,658,0001,75914 Location Senegal AU Africa.svg
Seychelles[45] (Republic of Seychelles)SeychellesVictoriaSeychellois rupeeEnglish, French, Seychellois Creole45180,65411,81839a Location Seychelles AU Africa.svg
Sierra Leone[46] (Republic of Sierra Leone)Sierra LeoneFreetownLeoneEnglish71,7406,144,56290318Location Sierra Leone AU Africa.svg
Somalia[47] (Somali Republic)SomaliaMogadishuSomali shillingSomali, Arabic637,6579,832,01760030Location Somalia AU Africa.svg
South Africa[48] (Republic of South Africa)South AfricaBloemfontein, Cape Town, and Pretoria
South African randAfrikaans, English, Southern Ndebele, Northern Sotho, Sesotho, Swati, Tsonga, Tswana, Venda, Xhosa, Zulu1,221,03752,981,99112,16148Location South Africa AU Africa.svg
South Sudan (Republic of South Sudan)[49]South SudanJubaSouth Sudanese poundEnglish644,3298,260,4901,54612Location South Sudan AU Africa.svg
Sudan[50] (Republic of the Sudan)
SudanKhartoumSudanese poundArabic, English1,861,48436,787,0122,80012Location Sudan-N AU Africa.svg
Swaziland[51] (Kingdom of Swaziland)SwazilandLobamba (royal and legislative)
Mbabane (administrative)
LilangeniEnglish, Swati17,3641,032,0005,24550Location Swaziland AU Africa.svg
Tanzania[52] (United Republic of Tanzania)TanzaniaDodomaTanzanian shillingSwahili, English945,20344,929,00272339Location Tanzania AU Africa.svg
Togo[53] (Togolese Republic)TogoLoméWest African CFA francFrench, Ewe56,7857,154,2371,70023Location Togo AU Africa.svg
Tunisia[54] (Tunisian Republic)TunisiaTunisTunisian dinarArabic163,61010,102,0008,8003Location Tunisia AU Africa.svg
Uganda[55] (Republic of Uganda)UgandaKampalaUgandan shillingEnglish, Swahili236,04027,616,0001,70035Location Uganda AU Africa.svg
Zambia[56] (Republic of Zambia)ZambiaLusakaZambian kwachaEnglish752,61414,668,00093141Location Zambia AU Africa.svg
Zimbabwe[57] (Republic of Zimbabwe)ZimbabweHarareUnited States dollar and South African randChewa, Chibarwe, English, Kalanga, Koisan, Nambya, Ndau, Ndebele, Shangani, Shona, Sign language, Sotho, Tonga, Tswana, Venda, Xhosa390,75713,010,0002,60747Location Zimbabwe AU Africa.svg

Partially recognised and unrecognised states[edit]

The following are states that have established themselves in Africa as sovereign states, but remain limited in official recognition. The Sahrawi Republic is a member of the African Union.

Name (official name)FlagCapitalCurrencyOfficial languagesArea (km2)PopulationGDP per capita (PPP) (US$)Map
Somaliland (Republic of Somaliland)SomalilandHargeisaSomaliland shillingSomali, English, Arabic137,6004,000,00060030Somaliland in Africa (-mini map -rivers).svg
Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic[n 4]Western SaharaEl Aaiún, Bir Lehlou (temporary)[n 5]Moroccan dirhamN/A.[n 6]267,405266,000N/A7Location Western Sahara AU Africa.svg

Non-sovereign territories[edit]

There are 10 non-sovereign territories.

Dependent territories[edit]

This list contains territories that are politically administered as external dependencies.

Name (official name)FlagCapitalCurrencyOfficial languagesArea (km2)PopulationGDP per capita (PPP) (US$)Map
French Southern and Antarctic Lands[n 7] (Îles Éparses part only)Saint-Pierre [n 8]EuroFrench38.6No permanent population[58]N/AFrench Southern and Antarctic Lands in its region (Scattered islands in the Indian Ocean only) (small islands magnified).svg
Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha (UK)[n 9][59]Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da CunhaJamestownSaint Helenian poundEnglish4205,661N/A40bLocationStHelena.png

Other areas[edit]

This list contains territories that are administered as incorporated parts of a primarily non-African state.

Name (official name)FlagCapitalCurrencyOfficial languagesArea (km2)PopulationGDP per capita (PPP) (US$)Map
Canary Islands[60][n 10]Canary IslandsLas Palmas de Gran Canaria and Santa Cruz de TenerifeEuroSpanish7,4472,205,247N/A6Location Canary Islands Africa.svg
Ceuta[60][n 10] (Autonomous City of Ceuta)CeutaCeutaEuroSpanish2876,861N/A2aCeuta-melilla.png
Madeira [n 11] (Autonomous Region of Madeira)MadeiraFunchalEuroPortuguese828245,806N/A1Location Madeira Africa.svg
Mayotte[61] (France)[n 12]MayotteMamoudzouEuroFrench374186,4522,60043bLocation Mayotte Africa.svg
Melilla [n 10] (Autonomous City of Melilla)MelillaMelillaEuroSpanish2072,000N/A2bCeuta-melilla.png
Plazas de soberanía [n 10]SpainN/AEuroSpanish74N/A2a Mapa del sur de España neutral.png
Réunion [n 13]RéunionSaint-DenisEuroFrench2,512793,000N/A44b Location Réunion Africa.svg
Lampedusa and LampioneItalyLampedusa e LinosaEuroItalian21.46,304N/APelagie Islands map.png

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Also known as Congo-Kinshasa and formerly as Zaire.
  2. ^ Some territory could be argued to be a part of Asia or Africa.
  3. ^ Also known as Congo-Brazzaville.
  4. ^ Occupies part of the territory of Western Sahara, disputed with Morocco.
  5. ^ Currently under Moroccan administration. Bir Lehlou is the temporary official capital, but Tindouf is the acting capital
  6. ^ Arabic and Spanish recognised regional languages.
  7. ^ Overseas territory of France. Only the Îles Éparses are considered part of the African continent. The remaining four districts lie outside the continental shelf in the Indian Ocean or Antarctica.
  8. ^ The main station on the Îles Éparses is on Tromelin. The headquarters of the district chief, however, is Saint-Pierre, in Réunion.
  9. ^ Overseas territory of the United Kingdom.
  10. ^ a b c d Part of Spain.
  11. ^ Part of Portugal.
  12. ^ Currently an overseas department of France as of February 2011.
  13. ^ Overseas department of France.


See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Member States". United Nations. Retrieved 28 July 2011. 
  2. ^ "Member States". African Union. Retrieved 15 July 2011. 
  3. ^ "African Union Welcomes South Sudan as the 54th Member State of the Union". StarAfrica.com. 27 July 2011. Retrieved 28 July 2011. 
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  5. ^ "The World Fact book: Angola". CIA Directorate of Intelligence. 2008-05-15. Retrieved 2008-06-12. 
  6. ^ "The World Fact book: Benin". CIA Directorate of Intelligence. 2008-05-15. Retrieved 2008-06-12. 
  7. ^ "The World Factbook: Botswana". CIA Directorate of Intelligence. 2008-05-15. Retrieved 2008-06-12. 
  8. ^ "The World Factbook: Burkina Faso". CIA Directorate of Intelligence. 2008-05-15. Retrieved 2008-06-12. 
  9. ^ "The World Factbook: Burundi". CIA Directorate of Intelligence. 2008-05-15. Retrieved 2008-06-12. 
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  17. ^ "The World Factbook: Djibouti". CIA Directorate of Intelligence. 2008-05-15. Retrieved 2008-06-12. 
  18. ^ "The World Factbook: Egypt". CIA Directorate of Intelligence. 2008-05-15. Retrieved 2008-06-12. 
  19. ^ "The World Factbook: Equatorial Guinea". CIA Directorate of Intelligence. 2008-05-15. Retrieved 2008-06-12. 
  20. ^ "The World Factbook: Eritrea". CIA Directorate of Intelligence. 2008-05-15. Retrieved 2008-06-12. 
  21. ^ "The World Factbook: Ethiopia". CIA Directorate of Intelligence. 2008-05-15. Retrieved 2008-06-12. 
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  34. ^ "The World Factbook: Mauritania". CIA Directorate of Intelligence. 2008-05-15. Retrieved 2008-06-12. 
  35. ^ "The World Factbook: Mauritius". CIA Directorate of Intelligence. 2008-05-15. Retrieved 2008-06-12. 
  36. ^ "The World Factbook: Morocco". CIA Directorate of Intelligence. 2008-05-15. Retrieved 2008-06-12. 
  37. ^ "The World Factbook: Mozambique". CIA Directorate of Intelligence. 2008-05-15. Retrieved 2008-06-12. 
  38. ^ "The World Factbook: Namibia". CIA Directorate of Intelligence. 2008-05-15. Retrieved 2008-06-12. 
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  45. ^ "The World Factbook: Seychelles". CIA Directorate of Intelligence. 2008-05-15. Retrieved 2008-06-12. 
  46. ^ "The World Factbook: Sierra Leone". CIA Directorate of Intelligence. 2008-05-15. Retrieved 2008-06-12. 
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  49. ^ "The World Factbook: South Sudan". CIA Directorate of Intelligence. Retrieved 13 July 2011. 
  50. ^ "The World Factbook: Sudan". CIA Directorate of Intelligence. Retrieved 13 July 2011. 
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  53. ^ "The World Factbook: Togo". CIA Directorate of Intelligence. 2008-05-15. Retrieved 2008-06-12. 
  54. ^ "The World Factbook: Tunisia". CIA Directorate of Intelligence. 2008-05-15. Retrieved 2008-06-12. 
  55. ^ "The World Factbook: Uganda". CIA Directorate of Intelligence. 2008-05-15. Retrieved 2008-06-12. 
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  58. ^ French Southern and Antarctic Lands
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  60. ^ a b "The World Factbook: Spain". CIA Directorate of Intelligence. 2008-05-16. Retrieved 2008-05-16. 
  61. ^ "The World Factbook: Mayotte". CIA Directorate of Intelligence. 2008-05-15. Retrieved 2008-06-12.