List of smoking bans in the United States

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - View original article

 
Jump to: navigation, search
Map of current and scheduled future statewide smoking bans as of 6 November 2012 (2012-11-06)

The following is a list of smoking bans in the United States. For smoking bans and restrictions outside the United States, see the worldwide list of smoking bans.

The United States Congress has not attempted to enact any nationwide federal smoking ban. Therefore, smoking bans in the United States are entirely a product of state and local criminal and occupational safety and health laws.

In 1995, California was the first state to enact a statewide smoking ban; throughout the early to mid-2000s, especially between 2004 and 2007, an increasing number of states enacted a statewide smoking ban of some kind. As of June 2013, the most recent statewide smoking ban is North Dakota's, which was ratified by voters on November 6, 2012.

As further detailed in this list, smoking laws vary widely throughout the United States. Some places in the United States do not generally regulate smoking at all, some ban smoking in certain areas and not others, and some ban smoking nearly everywhere, even in outdoor areas (no state bans smoking in all public outdoor areas, but some local jurisdictions do). As of April 5, 2013, according to the American Nonsmokers' Rights Foundation, 81.3% of the U.S. population lives under a ban on smoking in "workplaces, and/or restaurants, and/or bars, by either a state, commonwealth, or local law,",[1] though only 48.9% live under a ban covering all workplaces and restaurants and bars.[2] A smoking ban (either state or local) has been enacted covering all bars and restaurants in each of the 60 most populated cities in the United States except these 16: Arlington, Texas, Atlanta, Fort Worth, Jacksonville, Memphis, Miami, Las Vegas, Nashville, New Orleans, Oklahoma City, Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, St. Louis, Tampa, Tulsa, and Virginia Beach.[3][4]

Overview[edit source | edit]

Statewide bans on smoking in all general public places[edit source | edit]

As of June 2013, 28 states have enacted statewide bans on smoking in all enclosed public places, including all bars and restaurants: Arizona, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Hawaii, Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Montana, Nebraska, North Dakota, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Ohio, Oregon, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Utah, Vermont, Washington, and Wisconsin.

However, these states exempt a variety of places from their respective smoking bans. All except six (Delaware, Montana, North Dakota, Utah, Vermont, and Washington) exempt tobacconists. All except four (Michigan, North Dakota, Vermont, and Wisconsin) allow hotels and motels to designate a certain percentage of smoking rooms. Many also exempt or do not cover casinos (9), private clubs (7), cigar bars (13), or certain small workplaces (8). The following is a table of common exemptions from these 28 states' smoking bans:

States that exempt tobacconistsStates that exempt cigar barsStates that exempt private clubsStates that exempt casinosStates that exempt small workplaces
AZ, CA, CO, CT, HI, KS, IL, IA, ME, MD, MA, MI, MN, NE, NJ, NM, NY, OH, OR, RI, SD, WICA, CO, CT, MA, MI, NE, NJ, NM, NY, OR, RI, SD, WIAZ, CT, IA, KS, MA, NY, OHCT, IA, KS, ME (OTB parlors, beano and bingo halls), MI, NJ (including OTB parlors), NM, RI (including OTB parlors), WICA (5 or fewer employees), CO (3 or fewer employees), CT (5 or fewer employees), ND (1 employee), NM (1 employee), OH (family owned and operated), UT (1 employee), VT (1 employee)

In Connecticut, Oregon, Montana, Utah, and Wisconsin, the state law preempts local governments from enacting stricter smoking bans than the state, though some cities and/or counties in some of those states have enacted local versions of the state's smoking ban. In the other 23 states with a statewide general smoking ban, some cities and/or counties have enacted stricter local smoking bans to varying degrees. The strictest smoking ban in the United States is in Calabasas, California, where smoking anywhere a non-smoker could congregate, including public sidewalks and apartment complexes, is a misdemeanor punishable by a fine of at least $250.[5]

Statewide smoking bans exempting adult-only venues[edit source | edit]

As of June 2013, 6 states ban smoking in most enclosed public places, but permit adult venues such as bars (and casinos, if applicable) to allow smoking if they choose: Arkansas, Florida, Indiana, Louisiana, Pennsylvania, and Tennessee. In Arkansas, Indiana, and Tennessee, the law also allows smoking in restaurants with liquor licenses that do not admit persons under 21; indeed, in Tennessee, the law exempts any adult-only venue of any kind. In Florida, Pennsylvania, and Tennessee, state law preempts local governments from enacting stricter smoking bans than the state, though in the other four states, some cities and/or counties have enacted stricter local smoking bans to varying degrees, in some cases banning it in all enclosed workplaces. See individual state listings below for details.

Unique statewide smoking bans[edit source | edit]

As of June 2013, 6 states have enacted smoking bans in particular places that do not fit in the other categories:

States with no statewide smoking ban[edit source | edit]

As of June 2013, 10 states have not enacted any general statewide ban on smoking in any non-government-owned spaces: Alabama, Alaska, Kentucky, Mississippi, Missouri, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Texas, West Virginia, and Wyoming. Instead, laws in most of these states (see individual state listings below for further information) require proprietors of certain places to designate smoking and non-smoking areas and post warning signage.

In Oklahoma, state law prohibits local governments from regulating smoking more strictly than the state, making it the only state without any kind of legislated smoking bans. In the other nine states, cities and/or counties have enacted stricter smoking laws than the state, in some cases banning smoking in all enclosed workplaces. In Alabama and Mississippi, the state smoking law expressly allows all local governments to do so. In Alaska, Kentucky, Missouri, South Carolina, Texas, and West Virginia, a court has ruled that certain local governments have the power to do so. See the individual state listings below for details.

Smoking laws and non-states[edit source | edit]

In the District of Columbia, American Samoa, Puerto Rico and the United States Virgin Islands, smoking is banned in all enclosed public places, including bars and restaurants. Guam prohibits smoking in restaurants, but the ban doesn't extend to workplaces, or any other businesses. The Northern Mariana Islands prohibits smoking in most workplaces and restaurants, but not in bars.

Smoking laws and the U.S. federal government[edit source | edit]

Although Congress has not attempted to enact a general nationwide federal smoking ban in workplaces, several federal regulations do concern indoor smoking. Effective April 1998, smoking is banned by the United States Department of Transportation on all commercial passenger flights in the United States, and/or by American air carriers.[6] This was long after Delta Air Lines had banned smoking on all of its flights. On August 9, 1997, President Bill Clinton issued Executive Order 13058, banning smoking in all interior spaces owned, rented, or leased by the Executive Branch of the Federal Government, as well as in any outdoor areas under executive branch control near air intake ducts.[7]

Smoking laws of the United States by state[edit source | edit]

 Alabama[edit source | edit]

 Alaska[edit source | edit]

 American Samoa[edit source | edit]

 Arizona[edit source | edit]

 Arkansas[edit source | edit]

 California[edit source | edit]

 Colorado[edit source | edit]

 Connecticut[edit source | edit]

Two large casinos on Mohegan and Mashantucket Peuot land, Mohegan Sun and Foxwoods, allow smoking in many areas of their properties. Employers may also designate an on-site designated smoking area for employees.

 Delaware[edit source | edit]

 District of Columbia[edit source | edit]

 Florida[edit source | edit]

 Georgia[edit source | edit]

 Guam[edit source | edit]

 Hawaii[edit source | edit]

 Idaho[edit source | edit]

 Illinois[edit source | edit]

HB 1310: a proposal in January 2012 to once again permit smoking in bars, casinos, adult entertainment venues, and private clubs failed in the Illinois House 30-82.

 Indiana[edit source | edit]

 Iowa[edit source | edit]

 Kansas[edit source | edit]

 Kentucky[edit source | edit]

 Louisiana[edit source | edit]

 Maine[edit source | edit]

 Maryland[edit source | edit]

 Massachusetts[edit source | edit]

Arlington, Massachusetts, July 1, 2013, Banned by town law

 Michigan[edit source | edit]

 Minnesota[edit source | edit]

 Mississippi[edit source | edit]

[145]

 Missouri[edit source | edit]

 Montana[edit source | edit]

 Nebraska[edit source | edit]

 Nevada[edit source | edit]

 New Hampshire[edit source | edit]

 New Jersey[edit source | edit]

See Smoke-Free Air Act.

 New Mexico[edit source | edit]

 New York[edit source | edit]

On January 21, 1908, the New York City Council had passed the Sullivan Ordinance, which would have banned women from smoking anywhere except their homes, but was vetoed by the Mayor within two weeks of its passage.

 North Carolina[edit source | edit]

 North Dakota[edit source | edit]

 Northern Mariana Islands[edit source | edit]

 Ohio[edit source | edit]

 Oklahoma[edit source | edit]

 Oregon[edit source | edit]

 Pennsylvania[edit source | edit]

 Puerto Rico[edit source | edit]

 Rhode Island[edit source | edit]

 South Carolina[edit source | edit]

 South Dakota[edit source | edit]

 Tennessee[edit source | edit]

 Texas[edit source | edit]

 United States Virgin Islands[edit source | edit]

 Utah[edit source | edit]

 Vermont[edit source | edit]

 Virginia[edit source | edit]

 Washington[edit source | edit]

 West Virginia[edit source | edit]

 Wisconsin[edit source | edit]

[401]

 Wyoming[edit source | edit]

See also[edit source | edit]

References[edit source | edit]

  1. ^ ""Overview List – How many Smokefree Laws?", Americans for Nonsmokers' Rights, October 5, 2012" (PDF). Retrieved October 5, 2012. 
  2. ^ ""Summary of 100% Smokefree State Laws and Population Protected by 100% U.S. Smokefree Laws", Americans for Nonsmokers' Rights, 1 October 5, 2012" (PDF). Retrieved October 5, 2012. 
  3. ^ ""States, Commonwealths, and Municipalities with 100% Smokefree Laws in Workplaces, Restaurants, or Bars", American Nonsmokers' Rights Foundation, October 5, 2012" (PDF). Retrieved October 5, 2012. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl cm cn co cp cq cr cs ct cu cv cw cx cy cz da db dc dd de df dg dh di dj dk dl dm dn do dp dq dr ds dt du dv dw dx dy dz ea eb ec ed ee ef eg eh ei ej ek el em en eo ep eq er es et eu ev ew ex ey ez fa fb fc fd fe ff fg fh fi fj fk fl fm fn fo fp fq fr fs ft fu fv fw fx fy fz ga gb gc gd ge gf gg gh gi gj gk gl gm gn go gp gq gr gs gt gu gv gw gx gy gz ha hb hc hd he hf hg hh hi hj hk hl hm hn ho hp hq hr hs ht hu hv hw hx hy hz ia ib ic id ie if ig ih ii ij ik il im in io ip iq ir is it iu iv iw ix iy iz ja jb jc jd je jf jg jh ji jj jk jl jm jn jo jp jq jr js jt ju jv jw jx jy jz ka kb kc kd ke kf kg kh ki kj kk kl km kn ko kp kq kr ks kt ku kv kw kx ky kz la lb lc ld le lf lg lh li lj lk ll lm ln lo lp lq lr ls lt lu lv lw lx ly lz ma mb mc md me mf mg mh mi mj mk ml mm mn mo mp mq mr ms mt mu mv mw mx my mz na nb nc nd ne nf ng nh ni nj nk nl nm nn no ""Municipalities with Local 100% Smokefree Laws", American Nonsmokers' Rights Foundation, October 5, 2012" (PDF). Retrieved October 5, 2012. 
  5. ^ Taub, Daniel (March 17, 2006). "Daniel Taub, "California Town Makes It Tougher to Smoke in Public," Bloomberg.com, March 17, 2006". Bloomberg. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  6. ^ 14 C.F.R. Part 252
  7. ^ Executive Order 13058, August 9, 1997
  8. ^ a b "Ala. Code § 22-15A-4". Legislature.state.al.us. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  9. ^ "Ala. Code § 22-15A-6". Legislature.state.al.us. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  10. ^ "Ala. Code § 22-15A-7". Legislature.state.al.us. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  11. ^ "Ala. Code § 22-15A-10". Legislature.state.al.us. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  12. ^ Gann v. City of Gulf Shores, 29 So. 3d 244 (Ala. Crim. App. 2009)
  13. ^ ""Time runs out in Alabama Legislature on statewide smoking ban", ''The Birmingham News'', May 20, 2008". Al.com. May 20, 2008. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  14. ^ "Phillip Rawls, "Alabama senator delays her anti-smoking bill", AP, April 3, 2009". News.ino.com. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  15. ^ (Press-Register/Victor Calhoun). "George Altman, "Ban on smoking in Alabama restaurants fails in Legislature," ''Press-Register'' (April 23, 2010)". Blog.al.com. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  16. ^ ""Our View: Strong smoke-free laws are spreading across the country, but in the Alabama Legislature, they may not be going anywhere," ''Press-Register'' (April 27, 2011)". Blog.al.com. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  17. ^ ""Anniston City Council restricts public smoking," (April 23, 2013)". annistonstar.com. Retrieved June 21, 2013. 
  18. ^ ""Creola approves anti-smoking ordinance," (April 28, 2013)". Blog.al.com. Retrieved June 21, 2013. 
  19. ^ ""Troy City Council passes ordinance to ban smoking at public places," (June 26, 2013)". http://blog.al.com. Retrieved July 4, 2013. 
  20. ^ ""Satsuma City Council passes no-smoking ordinance," (July 3, 2013)". Blog.al.com. Retrieved July 4, 2013. 
  21. ^ "Alaska Stat. § 18.35.305". Touchngo.com. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  22. ^ "Alaska Stat. § 18.35.300". Touchngo.com. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  23. ^ "Alaska Stat. § 18.35.310". Touchngo.com. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  24. ^ "Alaska Stat. § 18.35.320". Touchngo.com. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  25. ^ "Alaska Stat. § 18.35.330". Touchngo.com. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  26. ^ Fraternal Order of Eagles v. City and Borough of Juneau, 254 P.3d 348 (Alaska 2011)
  27. ^ "Anchorage voters embrace smoking ban", Anchorage Daily News, April 3, 2007
  28. ^ The Associated Press (February 26, 2008). ""Juneau bar owners say smoking ban hurts business", ''Anchorage Daily News'', February 26, 2008". Adn.com. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  29. ^ The Associated Press (September 20, 2011). ""Smoking ban begins in Nome", ''Anchorage Daily News'', September 20, 2011". Adn.com. Retrieved May 24, 2012. 
  30. ^ "Proposed Smoking Ban on Kodiak Island All but Dead," Associated Press (July 14, 2013)
  31. ^ ""Governor Togiola Signs American Samoa Smoke Free Environment Act ," American Samoa Community Cancer Coalition, October 22nd, 2010". Asccancercoalition.org. October 22, 2010. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  32. ^ a b "Ariz. Rev. Stat § 36-601.01". Azleg.state.az.us. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  33. ^ "Amanda J. Crawford, "Smoking ban compliance is expected to be gradual", ''The Arizona Republic'', May 1, 2007". Azcentral.com. May 1, 2007. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  34. ^ Ark. Code. Ann. §§ 20-27-1801 through 20-27-1809
  35. ^ Ark. Code Ann. § 20-27-1808
  36. ^ Ark. Code. Ann. § 20-27-1903
  37. ^ "Cal. Lab. Code § 6404.5". Leginfo.ca.gov. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  38. ^ "City of Lodi, California, "AB 846 Expands Smoking Restrictions"". Lodi.gov. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  39. ^ Vargas. "California State Senate "AB 846 Assembly Bill – Chaptered"". Info.sen.ca.gov. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  40. ^ Governor Signs into Law Measure to Outlaw Smoking in Cars with Kids, October 2007
  41. ^ "Cal. Health & Safety Code § 118974". Leginfo.ca.gov. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  42. ^ California Town Approves Ban Making Smoking Illegal in Condos, Apartments Fox News, October 2007
  43. ^ "Berkeley approves smoking ban". Abclocal.go.com. March 25, 2008. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  44. ^ KCBS.com
  45. ^ "LG-PD-Press_Release_Smoking_Ban". Beverlyhills.org. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  46. ^ Burbankca.org[dead link]
  47. ^ Broder, John M. (March 19, 2006). "Smoking Ban Takes Effect, Indoors and Out". California: N.Y. Times. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  48. ^ Joseph M. Dougherty (2008-01-06). "Smoking ban now in effect in many Davis outdoor areas". Deseret News. Retrieved 2013-01-14. 
  49. ^ "San Diego Metro News | SignOnSanDiego.com – El Cajon bans smoking in most public places". SignOnSanDiego.com. August 14, 2007. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  50. ^ a b "Escondido Municipal Code, Chapter 22A, Smoking Regulations, Section 2 Prohibitions". Qcode.us. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  51. ^ By: ADAM KAYE – North County Times (November 18, 2007). "''North County Times'', Nov. 18 2007, Adam Kaye, "Smoking bans spreading in North County – Encinitas, Carlsbad are latest to investigate ordinances", Escondido, CA". Nctimes.com. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  52. ^ "''North County Times'', May 21, 2007, Paul Eakins, "Students to ask Escondido council to consider smoking ban", Escondido, CA". Nctimes.com. May 21, 2007. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  53. ^ Ci.glendale.ca.us[dead link]
  54. ^ Aggressive Hermosa Beach outdoor smoking ban to begin, March 2, 2012
  55. ^ Enforcement of Loma Linda's more restrictive smoking ban does not appear to be priority in first day, July 25, 2007
  56. ^ "Los Angeles County Bans Smoking at Public Parks, Golf Courses". Cigarettesreviews.com. Retrieved 2010-05-17. 
  57. ^ [1], May 23, 2012,
  58. ^ "Oakland Municipal Code, chapter 8.30". Retrieved 2013-04-10. 
  59. ^ "Ci.pasadena.ca.us". Ci.pasadena.ca.us. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  60. ^ San José Municipal Ordinance 9.44.030F and 9.44.010A and Parks Ordinance 13.44.130
  61. ^ "Letter to Nebraska Senators from San Luis Obispo Chamber of Commerce in favor of Smokefree Legislation". Tobacco.org. Retrieved 2007-04-07. 
  62. ^ "Outdoor Smoking Ban in San Luis Obispo". 
  63. ^ "Smoking ban approved in SLO". 
  64. ^ "Public Health Department-Santa Barbara County". Countyofsb.org. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  65. ^ "Santa Monica Municipal Code". 
  66. ^ NextPage – LivePublish. "Colo. Rev. Stat. § 25-14-204". Michie.com. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  67. ^ NextPage – LivePublish. "Colo. Rev. Stat. § 25-14-205". Michie.com. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  68. ^ NextPage – LivePublish. "Colo. Rev. Stat. § 25-14-207". Michie.com. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  69. ^ a b c d "Conn. Gen. Stat. § 19a-342". cga.ct.gov. Retrieved September 12, 2012. 
  70. ^ a b c "Del. Code Ann. tit. 16, §§ 2901 through 2908". Delcode.delaware.gov. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  71. ^ Weiss, Eric M. (January 5, 2006). ""D.C. Smoking Ban Approved," ''The Washington Post'', January 5, 2006". The Washington Post. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  72. ^ "Fla. Stat. §§ 386.201 through 386.2125". Leg.state.fl.us. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  73. ^ >2008–>Ch0386->Section%20209#0386.209 Fla. Stat. §386.209
  74. ^ Ga. Code. Ann. § 31-12A-4
  75. ^ Ga. Code. Ann. § 31-12A-6
  76. ^ a b c Ga. Code. Ann. § 31-12A-12
  77. ^ "Tobacco.org". Tobacco.org. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  78. ^ "Public Law 28-80". No-smoke.org. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  79. ^ "Guam". no-smoke.org. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  80. ^ "Haw. Rev. Stat. § 328J-3". Capitol.hawaii.gov. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  81. ^ "Haw. Rev. Stat. § 328J-7". Capitol.hawaii.gov. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  82. ^ "Haw. Rev. Stat. § 328J-6". Capitol.hawaii.gov. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  83. ^ "Haw. Rev. Stat. § 328J-12". Capitol.hawaii.gov. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  84. ^ Capitol.hawaii.gov
  85. ^ "Haw. Rev. Stat. § 328J-15". Capitol.hawaii.gov. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  86. ^ "Idaho Code § 39-5503". Legislature.idaho.gov. July 29, 2004. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  87. ^ "Idaho Code § 39-5511". Legislature.idaho.gov. July 29, 2004. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  88. ^ Times. "KTVB.com". KTVB.com. Retrieved December 21, 2011. 
  89. ^ Times. "Spokesman.com". Spokesman.com. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  90. ^ Times. "MagicValley.com". MagicValley.com. Retrieved June 8, 2013. 
  91. ^ a b c "Illinois Public Act 095-0017: "Smoke Free Illinois Act"". Ilga.gov. June 30, 2005. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  92. ^ a b c 2012 Indiana House Bill 1149-1
  93. ^ "Indiana Smoking Ban Dies in House Committee", The Associated Press, January 28, 2008
  94. ^ John Byrne, "Statewide smoking ban now appears dead," Post Tribune of Northwest Indiana, April 23, 2009.
  95. ^ "Mark Peterson, "Smoking ban debate over in Indiana," ''WNDU-16'', February 4, 2010". Wndu.com. February 4, 2010. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  96. ^ Carden, Dan (April 11, 2011). "Dan Carden, "Smoking ban dies in Senate", ''Northwest Indiana Times'', April 11, 2011". Nwitimes.com. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  97. ^ "Action information for HB 1149," Indiana General Assembly (2012)
  98. ^ "CMS.bsu.edu". CMS.bsu.edu. March 17, 2008. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  99. ^ "Purdue.edu". Purdue.edu. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  100. ^ "Evansville Courier and Press". Retrieved March 12, 2012. 
  101. ^ EndPlay (2010-02-19). "RTV6 - Stricter Smoking Ban Approved In Franklin - News Story". Theindychannel.com. Retrieved 2013-01-14. 
  102. ^ "Fortwayne.com". Fortwayne.com. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  103. ^ "A hazy ban". Idsnews.com. March 30, 2009. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  104. ^ "Henry County passes countywide smoking ban | Indiana Public Radio's News Blog". Iprnews.wordpress.com. 2010-11-11. Retrieved 2013-01-14. 
  105. ^ ""Lowell OKs watered down smoking ban", ''Post-Tribune'', April 2, 2011". Posttrib.suntimes.com. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  106. ^ "folio-destination-name:'sec_142D_3']$x=Advanced#0-0-0-27117 Iowa Code § 142D.3". Search.legis.state.ia.us. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  107. ^ "folio-destination-name:'sec_142D_4']$x=Advanced#0-0-0-27119 Iowa Code § 142D.4". Search.legis.state.ia.us. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  108. ^ a b "folio-destination-name:'sec_142D_9']$x=Advanced#0-0-0-27129 Iowa Code § 142D.9". Search.legis.state.ia.us. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  109. ^ a b c H.B. 2221 (Kan. 2010)[dead link]
  110. ^ K.S.A. 21–4013
  111. ^ "''Steffes v. City of Lawrence'', 284 Kan. 380, 160 P.3d 843 (2007)". Kscourts.org. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  112. ^ POSTED: 5:22 pm CDT June 30, 2010 (June 30, 2010). ""KS Judge Blocks Parts Of Smoking Law," KMBC-9 TV, Kansas City, Mo., June 30, 2010". Kmbc.com. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  113. ^ "K.R.S. 61.165" (PDF). Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  114. ^ "K.R.S. 61.167" (PDF). Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  115. ^ "''Lexington Fayette County Food & Bev. Ass'n v. Lexington-Fayette Urban County Gov't'', 131 S.W.3d 745 (Ky. 2004)". Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  116. ^ "2011 Kentucky HB193". Lrc.ky.gov. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  117. ^ "2012 Kentucky HB289". Lrc.ky.gov. Retrieved April 18, 2012. 
  118. ^ "2011 Kentucky HB216". Lrc.ky.gov. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  119. ^ "Health and Wellness – Smoke-Free Law Online Toolkit". LouisvilleKy.gov. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  120. ^ "Council passes smoking ban » Archive » Commonwealth Journal". Somerset-kentucky.com. Retrieved 2013-01-14. 
  121. ^ Posted in: Campbell County (February 17, 2011). "Campbell repeals indoor smoking ban | Kentucky Politics". Cincinnati.com. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  122. ^ a b c "La. Rev. Stat. § 1300.256". Legis.state.la.us. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  123. ^ The Times-Picayune (June 2, 2009). "Jan Moller, "House rejects smoking ban, 29–71", ''New Orleans Times-Picayune'', June 2, 2009". Nola.com. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  124. ^ Carolyn Kaster / The Associated Press. "Jan Moller, "Casino smoking ban rejected by House committee" (May 6, 2010)". Nola.com. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  125. ^ Marsha Shuler, "Committee rejects smoking ban bill," Baton Rouge Advocate (May 26, 2010)
  126. ^ "AP, "Senate rejects smoking ban for Louisiana bars," ''New Orleans CityBusiness'' (June 2, 2011)". Neworleanscitybusiness.com. June 2, 2011. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  127. ^ "Louisiana Senate rejects smoking ban extension". Necn.com. 2012-05-23. Retrieved 2013-01-14. 
  128. ^ a b "Me. Rev. Stat. tit. 22, § 1542". Mainelegislature.org. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  129. ^ "Me. Rev. Stat. tit. 22, § 1549". Mainelegislature.org. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  130. ^ a b c "MD Clean Indoor Air Act of 2007 (House Bill 359)" (PDF). Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  131. ^ a b c "Mass. Gen. L. ch. 70, § 22". Mass.gov. January 1, 2006. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  132. ^ "Gideon Gil, "Boston bans cigarette sales in drug stores but delays cigar bar closings", ''The Boston Globe'', December 11, 2008". Boston Globe. December 11, 2008. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  133. ^ a b c "2009 Michigan House Bill 4377" (PDF). Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  134. ^ Michigan Government Smoking Ban FAQ[dead link]
  135. ^ "Minn. Rev. Stat. § 144.414". Revisor.leg.state.mn.us. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  136. ^ "Minnesota Clean Indoor Air Act". Emily Cleveland. July 2007. Retrieved 2007-10-29. 
  137. ^ "Minn. Rev. Stat. § 144.417". Revisor.leg.state.mn.us. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  138. ^ Duluthtransit.com[dead link]
  139. ^ "Postbulletin.com". Postbulletin.com. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  140. ^ Miss. Code § 29-5-161
  141. ^ Miss. Code § 29-5-163
  142. ^ {{cite web|url=http://billstatus.ls.state.ms.us/2011/pdf/history/SB/SB2514.xml |title=2011 Mississippi SB2514 |publisher=Billstatus.ls.state.ms.us |date=July 1, 2011 |accessdate=December 2, 2011}}
  143. ^ "2011 Mississippi HB863". Billstatus.ls.state.ms.us. July 1, 2011. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  144. ^ "2011 Mississippi HB131". Billstatus.ls.state.ms.us. July 1, 2011. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  145. ^ "commercialappeal.com". 
  146. ^ a b c d McMillen et al., Smoke-Free Legislation and the Social Climate of Secondhand Smoke in Mississippi (November 2008)[dead link]
  147. ^ Cite error: The named reference armunilist was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  148. ^ "Jacksonfreepress.com". Jacksonfreepress.com. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  149. ^ "Wtok.com". Wtok.com. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  150. ^ http://tbo.com/health/pascagoula-council-approves-smoke-free-ordinance-ap_health5961f26d90f24497a28dc17e580d6c42
  151. ^ "Corinth aldermen adopt public smoking ban", Clarion Ledger, November 7, 2007
  152. ^ Sunherald.com[dead link]
  153. ^ "Lucedale smoking ban defeated", The Hattiesburg American, December 10, 2007
  154. ^ a b "Mo. Rev. Stat. § 191.767". Moga.mo.gov. August 28, 2011. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  155. ^ "Mo. Rev. Stat. § 191.771". Moga.mo.gov. August 28, 2011. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  156. ^ "Mo. Rev. Stat. § 191.777". Moga.mo.gov. August 28, 2011. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  157. ^ "Mo. Rev. Stat. § 191.769". Moga.mo.gov. August 28, 2011. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  158. ^ a b City of Kansas City v. Carlson, 292 S.W.3d 368 (Mo. App. W.D. 2009)[dead link]
  159. ^ a b [Scott Lauck, "Legal challenge to KC smoking ban ends", Kansas City Daily Record, October 7, 2009]
  160. ^ "2008 Missouri Senate Bill 1079". Senate.mo.gov. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  161. ^ "2009 Missouri Senate Bill 309". Senate.mo.gov. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  162. ^ "2010 Missouri Senate Bill 904". Senate.mo.gov. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  163. ^ "2010 Missouri House Bill 1766". House.mo.gov. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  164. ^ "2009 Missouri House Joint Resolution 5". House.mo.gov. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  165. ^ "2009 Missouri House Bill 910". House.mo.gov. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  166. ^ "2011 Missouri House Bill 438". House.mo.gov. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  167. ^ "2012 Missouri House Bill 1352". house.mo.gov. Retrieved May 18, 2012. 
  168. ^ "2012 Missouri Senate Bill 664". senate.mo.gov. Retrieved May 18, 2012. 
  169. ^ "2012 Missouri House Bill 2103". house.mo.gov. Retrieved May 18, 2012. 
  170. ^ "2013 Missouri House Bill 523". house.mo.gov. Retrieved May 13, 2013. 
  171. ^ "2013 Missouri Senate Bill 201". senate.mo.gov. Retrieved May 13, 2013. 
  172. ^ "2013 Missouri House Bill 509". house.mo.gov. Retrieved May 13, 2013. 
  173. ^ "2013 Missouri House Bill 1021". house.mo.gov. Retrieved May 13, 2013. 
  174. ^ a b Mercatus Center (March 28, 2013). "Freedom in the 50 States-Missouri". Freedom in the 50 States. George Mason University. Retrieved 29 March 2013. 
  175. ^ "Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids, ''State Excise Tax Rates and Rankings'', December 13, 2012" (PDF). Retrieved January 17, 2013. 
  176. ^ "A burning issue," St. Louis Post-Dispatch, November 12, 2006
  177. ^ Tim O'Neil, "Missouri keeps tobacco tax as the lowest in the nation", St. Louis Post-Dispatch (November 7, 2012)
  178. ^ ""Smoking & Tobacco Use State Highlights – Missouri", March 1, 2011". Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved March 29, 2013. 
  179. ^ The Associated Press (January 13, 2011). ""Missouri House rejects smoking ban in Capitol offices," ''Southeast Missourian'', January 13, 2011". Semissourian.com. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  180. ^ The Associated Press (January 16, 2013). ""Missouri House approves rules after debates over smoking, transparency," ''St. Louis Post-Dispatch'', January 16, 2013". Stltoday.com. Retrieved January 17, 2013. 
  181. ^ Missouri Department of Health and Senior Services, County Level Survey 2007: Secondhand Smoke for Missouri Adults, October 1, 2008[dead link]
  182. ^ "Smoking ban cuts into profits," St. Louis Post-Dispatch, June 10, 2006
  183. ^ Ballwin (Mo.) Code of Ordinances, Section 17-65
  184. ^ "Margaret Gillerman, "Brentwood passes smoking ban", ''St. Louis Post-Dispatch'', August 17, 2010". Stltoday.com. August 17, 2010. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  185. ^ Catherine Stortz Ripley, "City Council passes smoking ban", Chillicothe Constitution-Tribune, May 15, 2007
  186. ^ Chillicothe (Mo.) Code of Ordinances, Section 18-93
  187. ^ "Smoking ban passes," Columbia Missourian, October 10, 2006
  188. ^ "Columbia (Mo.) Code of Ordinances, Chapter 11, Article IX" (PDF). Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  189. ^ a b Ben Yarnell, "Smoking bans approved in Jefferson City, Fulton," Jefferson City News-Tribune, November 3, 2010
  190. ^ Danny Henley, "Smoke-free proposal passes in Hannibal" Hannibal Courier-Post, April 3, 2012
  191. ^ "Proponents postpone petition to ban smoking," The Kansas City Star, November 8, 2006
  192. ^ Independence (Mo.) Code of Ordinances, Chapter 11, Article 2
  193. ^ Lynn Horsely, "KC will go smoke-free", The Kansas City Star, April 8, 2008
  194. ^ Kansas City (Mo.) Code of Ordinances, Chapter 34, Article XII
  195. ^ Lynn Horsely, "KC's smoking ban delayed", The Kansas City Star, June 4, 2008
  196. ^ Lynn Horsely, "KC smoking ban effective today for bars, restaurants, tobacco stores," The Kansas City Star, June 21, 2008
  197. ^ "Smoking ban passes," Truman State University Index, April 5, 2007
  198. ^ Kirksville (Mo.) Code of Ordinances, Chapter 18, Article V
  199. ^ Ciy of Kirkwood Proposition 1 (2009)
  200. ^ "Lee's Summit Bans Smoking," The Kansas City Star, August 11, 2006
  201. ^ Lee's Summit Code of Ordinances, Chapter 17, Article X
  202. ^ "Liberty (Mo.) Question 1 (2009)". Smokefreeliberty.web.officelive.com. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  203. ^ Brown, Tony (August 10, 2010). ""Council passes workplace smoke ban," ''Maryville Daily Forum'', August 10, 2010". Maryvilledailyforum.com. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  204. ^ "Nixa passes toughest smoking ban in state," Drury University Mirror, March 12, 2007
  205. ^ "Microsoft Word - Chapter CONTENTS.doc" (PDF). Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  206. ^ "North Kansas City approves smoking ban", The Kansas City Star, June 11, 2008
  207. ^ North Kansas City (Mo.) Code of Ordinances, Title 8, Article II
  208. ^ "Tobacco House exempted from NKC smoking ban," The Kansas City Star, January 16, 2009
  209. ^ "Council OKs smoke ban," The Rolla Daily News, July 6, 2011
  210. ^ Emily Jarrett, "City council votes to snuff out smoking in bars, restaurants," Sedalia Democrat (June 17, 2013)
  211. ^ Warrensburg (Mo.) Ordinance No. 4510[dead link]
  212. ^ Ed Pruneau, "Council Adopts Smoke-Free Law; Takes Effect April 15," Washington (Mo.) Missourian (Jan. 26, 2013)
  213. ^ "Smoking or non?", St. Louis Post-Dispatch, July 14, 2004
  214. ^ Arnold (Mo.) Code of Ordinances, Chapter 10, Article XI
  215. ^ Donald Bradley, "In Missouri, many money issues find favor despite tough times", The Kansas City Star, April 8, 2009[dead link]
  216. ^ "It's approved!", The Blue Springs Examiner, February 5, 2008
  217. ^ Blue Springs (Mo.) Code of Ordinances, Section 245.280
  218. ^ Phil Sutin, "Clayton imposes smoking ban", St. Louis Post-Dispatch, July 15, 2009[dead link]
  219. ^ ""Creve Coeur passes smoking ban," KSDK-TV, November 9, 2010". Ksdk.com. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  220. ^ Hazelwood (Mo.) Code of Ordinances, Section 215.555
  221. ^ "City of Gladstone (Mo.) Ordinance No. 3.208" (PDF). Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  222. ^ "Gladstone council passes smoking restrictions", The Kansas City Star, February 24, 2009
  223. ^ Grandview (Mo.) Code of Ordinances, Section 17-47
  224. ^ Lake St. Louis (Mo.) Bill No. 3002 (2009)[dead link]
  225. ^ Mark Schlinkmann, "Lake Saint Louis approves smoking ban", St. Louis Post-Dispatch, March 15, 2010[dead link]
  226. ^ Mark Schlinkmann, "Mayor Mike Potter signs Lake Saint Louis smoking ban; takes effect in six months," St. Louis Post-Dispatch, March 31, 2010[dead link]
  227. ^ Castile, Raymond (April 5, 2011). ""O'Fallon to be smoke free," ''St. Louis Post-Dispatch'', April 5, 2011". Stltoday.com. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  228. ^ "O'Fallon (Mo.) Smoke Free Air Act" (PDF). Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  229. ^ Larry Seward, Parkville Passes Smoking Ban, KSHB-TV April 8, 2009
  230. ^ Parkville (Mo.) Code of Ordinances, Chapter 206[dead link]
  231. ^ Raymore (Mo.) Code of Ordinances, Chapter 270
  232. ^ "Smoking, alcohol bans pass," Springfield News-Leader, April 5, 2011[dead link]
  233. ^ "Springfield (Mo.) Ordinance No. 5927" (PDF). Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  234. ^ Amos Bridges, "City Council approves amendments to smoking ban," Springfield News-Leader (May 8, 2012)
  235. ^ "City of St. Louis (Mo.) Board Bill #46FS (2009)" (PDF). Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  236. ^ David Hunn (September 15, 2012). "St. Louis health director drops smoking charges against Missouri Athletic Club". Retrieved September 24, 2012. 
  237. ^ "St. Louis County Code Chapter 605". Library3.municode.com. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  238. ^ Moyers, Scott (April 6, 2011). "Scott Moyers, "Cape voters reject public smoking ban," ''The Southeast Missourian'' (April 5, 2011)". Semissourian.com. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  239. ^ Susan Redden, "Carthage committee debates, tables proposed smoking ban", Joplin (Mo.) Globe, February 3, 2009
  240. ^ ""Farmington mayor rejects 'smoking ban' bill," Daily Journal Online, October 27, 2007". Mydjconnection.com. October 27, 2007. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  241. ^ "Farmington will not place smoking ban on ballot," Park Hills Daily Journal, January 11, 2008
  242. ^ "Joplin City Council rejects proposed smoking ban", KSPR-TV, October 19, 2010[dead link]
  243. ^ "AGENDA" (PDF). Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  244. ^ Brian Burnes, "Raytown board rejects proposed smoking law", The Kansas City Star, September 8, 2009[dead link]
  245. ^ "Jeff Salem, "Riverside postpones smoking ban discussion indefinitely," ''The Platte County (Mo.) Sun Gazette'', June 22, 2009". Plattesungazette.com. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  246. ^ Ashley Vasquez, "Smoking ban talk ends," The Smithville Herald, December 26, 2007
  247. ^ Mark Schlinkmann, "St. Charles election on smoking appears unlikely", St. Louis Post-Dispatch, June 1, 2008
  248. ^ Sam Levin, "St. Charles City Backs Off Smoking Ban Proposal, Considers Mandatory Signage," Riverfront Times (July 11, 2013)
  249. ^ http://www.stltoday.com/news/local/govt-and-politics/mark-schlinkmann/city-imposed-smoking-ban-appears-dead-in-st-charles/article_274ca73d-6543-5df4-beeb-fab4e5e75a65.html Mark Schlinkmann, "City-imposed smoking ban appears dead in St. Charles," St. Louis Post-Dispatch (July 9, 2013)]
  250. ^ Korando, Russell (June 14, 2011). "Russel Korando, "Smoking ban proposal blocked from St. Charles County ballot," ''St. Louis Post-Dispatch'' (June 14, 2011)". Stltoday.com. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  251. ^ Korando, Russell (November 21, 2011). "Russell Korando, "St. Charles County Council rejects smoke-free bill," ''St. Louis Post-Dispatch'' (November 30, 2011)". Stltoday.com. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  252. ^ Russell Korando, "Smoking ban vote snuffed out in St. Charles County," St. Louis Post-Dispatch (September 17, 2012)
  253. ^ Kim Norvell, "Casino concerns stymie smoking ban," St. Joseph News-Press (May 28, 2013)
  254. ^ Bryan, Andra (April 12, 2011). "Andra Bryan Stefanoni, "Webb City Council rejects smoking ban," ''The Joplin Globe'', April 12, 2011". Joplinglobe.com. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  255. ^ "FINANCIAL OVERSIGHT 6:00 P" (PDF). Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  256. ^ a b Mont. Code Ann. § 50-40-104
  257. ^ § 50-40-103
  258. ^ Mont. Code Ann. § 50-40-120
  259. ^ N.R.S. § 71-5729
  260. ^ N.R.S. § 71-5730
  261. ^ Associated Press, "Gov. signs cigar-bar exemption to Neb. smoking ban ", KCAU-TV Sioux City, Iowa, April 22, 2009]
  262. ^ N.R.S. § 71-5717
  263. ^ a b c "NRS 202.2483". Leg.state.nv.us. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  264. ^ [2][dead link]
  265. ^ "N.H. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 155:66". Gencourt.state.nh.us. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  266. ^ "N.H. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 155:67". Gencourt.state.nh.us. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  267. ^ "N.H. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 155:68". Gencourt.state.nh.us. January 1, 1991. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  268. ^ "N.H. General Court, 829 A.2d 1089 (N.H. 2003)". Gencourt.state.nh.us. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  269. ^ "N.H. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 155:67". Gencourt.state.nh.us. January 1, 1991. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  270. ^ "''JTR Colebrook, Inc. v. Town of Colebrook'', 829 A.2d 1089 (N.H. 2003)". Courts.state.nh.us. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  271. ^ "N.J. Stat. § 26:3D-58". Lis.njleg.state.nj.us. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  272. ^ "N.J. Stat. § 26:3D-59 through 61". Lis.njleg.state.nj.us. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  273. ^ "N.J. Stat. § 26:3D-63". Lis.njleg.state.nj.us. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  274. ^ "NJDOH - Smoke-free Air Act Initiative". State.nj.us. Retrieved 2013-01-14. 
  275. ^ Associated, The (October 27, 2008). ""Atlantic City Suspends Casino Smoking Ban", ''The New York Times'', October 27, 2008". The New York Times (Atlantic City (NJ)). Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  276. ^ N.M. Stat. Ann. § 24-16-4
  277. ^ N.M. Stat. Ann. § 24-16-13
  278. ^ N.M. Stat. Ann. § 24-16-12
  279. ^ N.M. Stat. Ann. § 24-16-18
  280. ^ N.M. Stat. Ann. § 24-16-20
  281. ^ "UNM.edu". UNM.edu. August 1, 2009. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  282. ^ "New York City Smoke-Free Air Act of 2002". nyc.gov. Retrieved 2013-01-14. 
  283. ^ N.Y. Pub. Health Law § 1399-O
  284. ^ a b N.Y. Pub. Health Law § 1399-Q
  285. ^ N.Y. Pub. Health Law § 1399-R
  286. ^ "Smoking ban enforced on Great Neck sidewalks | 7online.com". Abclocal.go.com. January 6, 2011. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  287. ^ Ossad, Jordana (2011-05-23). "New York City outdoor smoking ban begins". CNN. Retrieved 2013-01-14. 
  288. ^ 2002 New York City Local Law No. 47
  289. ^ "Smoke-Free Air Act of 2002 : Tobacco Control : NYC DOHMH". Nyc.gov. Retrieved 2013-01-14. 
  290. ^ a b c "North Carolina Session Law 2009-27" (PDF). Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  291. ^ ""Gas Tax, Prison Smoking Ban Among New State Laws", WRAL-TV, January 1, 2006". Wral.com. January 1, 2006. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  292. ^ ""Triangle Hospitals Ban Tobacco Use", WRAL-TV, July 3, 2007". Wral.com. July 3, 2007. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  293. ^ ""Stay Healthy," UNC Department of Environment, Health & Safety". Ehs.unc.edu. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  294. ^ Mara Van Ells, "Smoking ban to change bar culture," Bismarck Tribune (November 8, 2012)
  295. ^ a b c North Dakota Initiative Measure 4 (2012)
  296. ^ DakotaStudent.com: Smoking ban shows positive results[dead link]
  297. ^ "NMI". No-smoke.org. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  298. ^ a b c d e "Ohio Rev. Code Chapter 3794, "Smoking Ban"". Codes.ohio.gov. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  299. ^ http://www.supremecourt.ohio.gov/PIO/summaries/2012/0523/110019.asp
  300. ^ http://www.northroyalton.org/Council_Legislation_2008.htm
  301. ^ "Cityofberlin.com" (PDF). Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  302. ^ Ok. Stat. Ann. Section 21-1247
  303. ^ Ok. Stat. Ann. Section 63-1-1523, et seq.
  304. ^ Ok. Stat. Ann. Section 63-1-1527
  305. ^ "Mick Hinton, "Committee waters down smoking bill", ''Tulsa World'', February 19, 2009". Tulsaworld.com. February 19, 2009. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  306. ^ "Oklahom House Bill 1040 (2009) – status". Webserver1.lsb.state.ok.us. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  307. ^ Ore. Rev. Stat. § 433.845
  308. ^ Ore. Rev. Stat. § 433.835
  309. ^ Ore. Rev. Stat. § 433.850
  310. ^ Ore. Rev. Stat. § 433.870
  311. ^ "''Oregon Restaurant Ass'n v. City of Corvallis'', 166 Ore. App. 506, 999 P.2d 518 (2000)". Publications.ojd.state.or.us. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  312. ^ "2008 Pennsylvania Senate Bill 246". Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  313. ^ a b "Act of Jun. 13, 2008,P.L. 182, No. 27 Cl. 35 - CLEAN INDOOR AIR ACT - ENACTMENT". Retrieved September 12, 2012. 
  314. ^ "Philadelphia Smoking Ban". Smokefreephilly.org. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  315. ^ a b Ward, Paula Reed; Anita Srikameswaran (May 22, 2007). "County's smoking ban in ashes". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved September 9, 2012. 
  316. ^ NextPage – LivePublish (December 19, 2002). "P.R. Laws ch. 62 § 892". Michie.com. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  317. ^ NextPage – LivePublish (December 19, 2002). "P.R. Laws ch. 62 § 894". Michie.com. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  318. ^ "R.I. Gen. Laws § 23-20.10-3". Rilin.state.ri.us. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  319. ^ "R.I. Gen. Laws § 23-20.10-4". Rilin.state.ri.us. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  320. ^ "R.I. Gen. Laws § 23-20.10-6". Rilin.state.ri.us. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  321. ^ "R.I. Gen. Laws § 23-20.10–6.1". Rilin.state.ri.us. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  322. ^ "R.I. Gen. Laws § 23-20.10–13". Rilin.state.ri.us. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  323. ^ "S.C. Code § 44-95-20". Scstatehouse.gov. December 31, 1990. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  324. ^ "S.C. Code § 44-95-30". Scstatehouse.gov. December 31, 1990. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  325. ^ "''Foothills Brewing Concern, Inc. v. City of Greenville'', 660 S.E.2d 264 (S.C. 2008)". Judicial.state.sc.us. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  326. ^ "''Beachfront Entertainment, Inc. v. Town of Sullivan's Island'', 666 S.E.2d 912 (S.C. 2008)". Sccourts.org. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  327. ^ a b c d e ""Ordinance Implementation", South Carolina Tobacco Collaborative". Sctobacco.org. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  328. ^ "American Nonsmokers' Rights Foundation, "Bill Tracking Summary", May 29, 2009". Protectlocalcontrol.org. November 18, 2011. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  329. ^ "Public Smoking Ban Passes Aiken City Council". Cityofaikensc.gov. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  330. ^ "Beaufort passes smoking ban," The Beaufort Gazette, May 27, 2008[dead link]
  331. ^ May 10, 2011 (2011-05-10). "Florence bans smoking at most indoor businesses". Southcarolinaradionetwork.com. Retrieved 2013-01-14. 
  332. ^ "North Myrtle Beach smoking ban goes into effect : News". CarolinaLive.com. Retrieved 2013-01-14. 
  333. ^ [3]
  334. ^ Jonathan Carlson (2011-05-09). "Spartanburg Passes Smoking Ban-Begins Sept. 1". WSPA. Retrieved 2013-01-14. 
  335. ^ "No public smoking ban for North Charleston", The Charleston Post & Courier, May 15, 2008
  336. ^ ""Folly Beach rejects smoking ban", ''TheDigitel'', May 28, 2008". US-SC: Charleston.thedigitel.com. May 28, 2008. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  337. ^ a b 2009 South Dakota H.B. 1240, South Dakota Tobacco-Free Kids Network, 2010, retrieved November 24, 2010 
  338. ^ Associated Press: "Governor signs ban on smoking in bars, casinos", Mitchell (S.D.) Daily Republic, March 19, 2009[dead link]
  339. ^ "Chet Brokaw, "Petitions filed to put SD smoking ban to vote," ''Mitchell (S.D.) Daily Republic'', June 22, 2009". Mitchellrepublic.com. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  340. ^ Steve Young, "Petitions get OK in smoking fight", Sioux Falls Argus Leader, June 25, 2009[dead link]
  341. ^ Smoking Ban Clears Big Hurdle[dead link]
  342. ^ "Voters Will Decide On Smoking Ban". Keloland TV. November 13, 2009. Retrieved November 24, 2010. 
  343. ^ "T.C.A. § 39-17-1803". Michie.com. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  344. ^ "T.C.A. § 39-17-1803". Michie.com. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  345. ^ "Protectlocalcontrol.org". Protectlocalcontrol.org. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  346. ^ "Tex. Educ. Code § 38.006". Statutes.legis.state.tx.us. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  347. ^ a b "Tex. Penal Code § 48.01". Statutes.legis.state.tx.us. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  348. ^ Ex parte Woodall, 154 S.W.3d 698 (Tex. App.-El Paso 2004)
  349. ^ Corrie MacLaggan (April 15, 2009). "Outlook hazy for statewide smoking ban proposal". Statesman.com. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  350. ^ By Corrie MacLaggan (May 8, 2007). "Corrie MacLaggan, "Weak smoking ban passes in House", ''Austin American-Statesman'', May 8, 2007". Statesman.com. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  351. ^ Statewide smoking ban in Texas, has failed by Billy Loftin (May 19, 2009). "Billy Loftin, "Statewide smoking ban in Texas has failed", KVII-TV Amarillo, May 19, 2009". Connectamarillo.com. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  352. ^ Roark & Hardee L.P. v. City of Austin, Case No. A-05-CA-837-SS (W.D.Tex. 2006)
  353. ^ "''Roark & Hardee LP v. City of Austin'', 522 F.3d 533 (5th Cir. 2008)" (PDF). Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  354. ^ "College Station City Ordinance, Section 9" (PDF). Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  355. ^ [4][dead link]
  356. ^ "City of Frisco, Texas". Ci.fisco.tx.us. Retrieved 2013-01-14. 
  357. ^ a b "Fort Worth smoking ban takes effect Tuesday; McKinney offers grace period", The Dallas Morning News, December 31, 2007[dead link]
  358. ^    (2010-10-01). "Missouri City smoking ban goes into effect today | abc13.com". Abclocal.go.com. Retrieved 2013-01-14. 
  359. ^ Collier, Kiah. ""2010 ELECTION: San Angelo bans smoking, drops sunset on sales tax", ''San Angelo Standard-Times'', November 3, 2010". Gosanangelo.com. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  360. ^ "Council adopts tough smoking rules", San Antonio Express-News, August 19, 2010[dead link]
  361. ^ White, Ian (September 24, 2010). "Ian White, "Council amends smoking rules," ''Galveston Daily News'', September 24, 2010". Galvestondailynews.com. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  362. ^ ""ORDINANCE NO. 99-098 AN ORDINANCE OF THE CITY COUNCIL OF THE CITY OF GREENVILLE, TEXAS, AMENDING SECTION 5.1700 "SMOKING RESTRICTION IN PUBLIC PLACES" OF THE CODE OF ORDINANCES OF THE CITY OF GREENVILLE; PROVIDING FOR A REPEALING CLAUSE, A SEVERABILITY CLAUSE, A PENALTY CLAUSE; AND PROVIDING THAT THIS ORDINANCE SHALL BE IN FULL FORCE AND EFFECT FROM AND AFTER JANUARY 1, 2000.". 
  363. ^ ""Smoking ban debate generating lots of heat ", ''The Monitor'', November 13, 2005". Smokersclubinc.com. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  364. ^ "Humble passes near-blanket smoking ban.". 
  365. ^ "Kilgore Passes Smoking Ban - KYTX CBS 19 Tyler Longview News Weather Sports". Cbs19.tv. Retrieved 2013-01-14. 
  366. ^ ""Editorial: Put out the fire", ''Amarillo Globe-News'', May 11, 2008". Amarillo.com. May 11, 2008. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  367. ^ By JOY BLACKBURN (Daily News Staff) (February 10, 2011). ""Smoking ban enforcement begins today", ''Virgin Islands Daily News'', February 10, 2011". Virginislandsdailynews.com. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  368. ^ "U.C.A. 1953 § 26-38-2.6". Utah State. Retrieved March 12, 2013. 
  369. ^ "U.C.A. 1953 § 26-38-3". Utah State. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  370. ^ "U.C.A. 1953 § 26-38-3.5". Utah State. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  371. ^ a b "U.C.A. 1953 § 26-38-6". Utah State. Retrieved March 12, 2013. 
  372. ^ "Utah County Board of Health Regulation on Smoking in Outdoor Public Places". Utah County Health Department. Retrieved March 12, 2013. 
  373. ^ "Rider Rules". Utah Transit Authority. Retrieved 12 Mar 2013. 
  374. ^ "Ver. Stat. tit. 28 § 1742". Leg.state.vt.us. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  375. ^ "Ver. Stat. tit. 28 § 1743". Leg.state.vt.us. September 1, 2005. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  376. ^ a b c "Daniel Barlow, "Workplace smoking ban starts July 1", ''The Barre Montpelier Times Argus'', May 30, 2009". Timesargus.com. May 30, 2009. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  377. ^ "Ver. Stat. tit. 28 § 1428". Leg.state.vt.us. July 1, 1988. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  378. ^ "Ver. Stat. tit. 28 § 1746". Leg.state.vt.us. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  379. ^ a b c "Va. Senate Bill 1105 (2009)". Leg1.state.va.us. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  380. ^ Davis, Chelyen. "Chelyen Davis, "House, Senate OK smoke ban," ''The Fredericksburg (Va.) Free Lance-Star'', February 20, 2009". Fredericksburg.com. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  381. ^ Banning Smoking in State Offices and Vehicles (Virginia Executive Order)[dead link]
  382. ^ Minium, Harry (March 26, 2008). "Harry Minium, "Norfolk council reverses itself on smoking ban", ''The Virginian-Pilot'', March 26, 2008". Hamptonroads.com. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  383. ^ "Wash. Rev. Code § 70.160.030". Apps.leg.wa.gov. November 8, 2005. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  384. ^ "Wash. Rev. Code § 70.160.075". Apps.leg.wa.gov. November 8, 2005. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  385. ^ a b "Wash. Rev. Code § 70.160.060". Apps.leg.wa.gov. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  386. ^ "Wash. Rev. Code § 70.160.020". Apps.leg.wa.gov. November 8, 2005. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  387. ^ "Wash. Rev. Code § 70.160.080". Apps.leg.wa.gov. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  388. ^ "W. Va. Code § 8-27-10a (1985)". Legis.state.wv.us. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  389. ^ "W. Va. Code § § 16-9A-4 (1987)". Legis.state.wv.us. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  390. ^ "W. Va. Code § 21-3-8 (1919)". Legis.state.wv.us. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  391. ^ "W. Va. Code § 22A-2- 30 (1985)". Legis.state.wv.us. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  392. ^ "W. Va. Code § 22A-2-53 (1985)". Legis.state.wv.us. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  393. ^ "W. Va. Code § 22A-2-53c (1994)". Legis.state.wv.us. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  394. ^ "W. Va. Code § 47-20-28a". Legis.state.wv.us. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  395. ^ 64 W.Va. C.S.R. §14, 8.12.3
  396. ^ "''Found. for Indep. Living, Inc. v. Cabell-Huntington Bd. of Health'', 591 S.E.2d 744 (W.V. 2003)". State.wv.us. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  397. ^ "Approaching smoke-free", The Times West Virginian, April 6, 2008
  398. ^ ""From Wash. to Pa., smoking bans spark backlash," KOMOnews.com, October 10, 2009". Komonews.com. October 10, 2009. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  399. ^ Alison Knezevich, "Putnam reverses smoking ban", West Virginia Gazette, August 22, 2007
  400. ^ a b c "2009 Wisconsin Senate Bill 181" (PDF). Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  401. ^ ""Statewide smoking ban picks up steam", ''Green Bay Press Gazette'', April 9, 2006". Smokersclubinc.com. March 5, 2006. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  402. ^ NextPage – LivePublish. "Wyo. Stat. Ann. § 30-2-602". Michie.lexisnexis.com. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  403. ^ NextPage – LivePublish. "Wyo. Stat. Ann. § 30-2-604". Michie.lexisnexis.com. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  404. ^ NextPage – LivePublish. "Wyo. Stat. Ann. § 30-3-303". Michie.lexisnexis.com. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  405. ^ NextPage – LivePublish. "Wyo. Stat. Ann. § 30-3-304". Michie.lexisnexis.com. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  406. ^ BEN NEARY Associated Press writer (February 16, 2009). "Ben Neary, "Legislature shoveling through bills", ''Casper Tribune'', February 16, 2009". Trib.com. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  407. ^ "Light up: Casper repeals smoking ban for bars," Associated Press (June 22, 2013)
  408. ^ ""Green River overturns smoking ban", ''AP'', December 19, 2007". Smokersclubinc.com. December 11, 2007. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  409. ^ ""Rock Springs adopts partial smoking ban", ''AP'', November 22, 2007". Tobacco.org. November 22, 2007. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 

External links[edit source | edit]

External links[edit source | edit]