List of shipwrecks of Florida

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This is a list of shipwrecks located in, and off the coast of, Florida.


Map of Florida, 1864

Bay County[edit]

ShipSunk dateNotesCoordinates
USCS Belle1857A schooner that ran aground off St. Andrews Bay.
SS Tarpon30 August 1937A steamship that foundered off Panama City.30°5′42.12″N 85°56′33.3″W / 30.0950333°N 85.942583°W / 30.0950333; -85.942583 (SS Tarpon (shipwreck))
Vamar19 March 1942An English ship that sank near Mexico Beach.29°53′56″N 85°27′48″W / 29.89889°N 85.46333°W / 29.89889; -85.46333 (Vamar Shipwreck Site)

Brevard County[edit]

ShipSunk dateNotesCoordinates
Cities Services EmpireA tanker that was torpedoed by U-128 off Cape Canaveral in 240 fsw.[1][2]

Broward County[edit]

ShipSunk dateNotesCoordinates
SS Copenhagen1900A steamship that crashed into a reef at Pompano Beach.[1][3]26°12′20″N 80°05′06.46″W / 26.20556°N 80.0851278°W / 26.20556; -80.0851278 (SS Copenhagen (1898))
MV Mercedes I30 March 1985A merchant vessel that was scuttled as an artificial reef off Fort Lauderdale.

Charlotte County[edit]

ShipSunk dateNotesCoordinates
USS Annie30 December 1864A schooner that sunk near Charlotte Harbor.

Dixie County[edit]

ShipSunk dateNotesCoordinates
City of Hawkinsville1922A paddle steamer that was abandoned in the Suwannee River.29°36′26″N 82°58′15″W / 29.60722°N 82.97083°W / 29.60722; -82.97083 (City of Hawkinsville)

Duval County[edit]

ShipSunk dateNotesCoordinates
SS Gulfamerica11 April 1942A tanker torpedoed by U-123 off Jacksonville.30°14′N 81°18′W / 30.233°N 81.300°W / 30.233; -81.300 (SS Gulfamerica)
Maple Leaf1 April 1864An American Civil War troopship that struck a naval mine near Jacksonville.[4][5]30°09′30″N 81°41′12″W / 30.15833°N 81.68667°W / 30.15833; -81.68667 (Maple Leaf (ship))

Escambia County[edit]

ShipSunk dateNotesCoordinates
USS Massachusetts (BB-2)January 1921An Indiana-class battleship that was sunk as a target for shore batteries off Pensacola.30°17′49″N 87°18′41″W / 30.29694°N 87.31139°W / 30.29694; -87.31139 (USS Massachusetts (BB-2))
USS Oriskany (CV-34)17 May 2006An Essex-class aircraft carrier that was sunk as an artificial reef off Pensacola.30°02′33″N 87°00′23″W / 30.042500°N 87.006383°W / 30.042500; -87.006383 (USS Oriskany (CV-34))
USS Preble27 April 1863A sloop-of-war that exploded off Pensacola.
San Juan19 September 1559A Spanish galleon that was sunk by a hurricane.

Franklin County[edit]

ShipSunk dateNotesCoordinates
Benjamin C. Cromwell1 August 1899An American schooner that was wrecked and beached in a hurricane on Dog Island.
Capitola1 August 1899A steamship that was wrecked and beached in a hurricane on Dog Island.[citation needed]
Cortesia1 August 1899An Italian barque that was split in half and beached in a hurricane on Dog Island.[citation needed]
Elsbeth1 August 1899A Norwegian barque that was wrecked and beached in a hurricane on Dog Island.[citation needed]
Empire Mica29 June 1942A British cargo ship torpedoed and sunk by U-67 off the coast of Apalachicola[citation needed]29°29′N 85°17′W / 29.483°N 85.283°W / 29.483; -85.283 (Empire Mica)
HMS Fox (1799)1799A 14 gun schooner that was sunk off Dog Island.[citation needed]
Grace Andrews1 August 1899An American schooner that was wrecked and beached in a hurricane on Dog Island.
Hindoo1 August 1899A Norwegina barque that was wrecked in a hurricane and beached on Dog Island.[citation needed]
Iola1 August 1899A steamship that was wrecked and beached in a hurricane on Dog Island.[citation needed]
James A. Garfield1 August 1899An American barque that was wrecked and beached in a hurricane on Dog Island.
Jafnhar1 August 1899A Norwegian barque that was wrecked in a hurricane and beached on Dog Island.
Latara1 August 1899A Russian barque that was wrecked in a hurricane and beached on Dog Island.[citation needed]
Le Tigre16 February 1766A merchant vessel that was stranded on Dog Island during a hurricane.[citation needed]
Mary E. Morse1 August 1899An American schooner was wrecked in a hurricane and beached on Dog Island.[citation needed]
Ranavola1 August 1899A Norwegian barque that was destroyed in a hurricane at Dog Island.[citation needed]
Vale1 August 1899A Norwegian barque that was wrecked and beached in a hurricane on Dog Island.[citation needed]
Warren Adams1 August 1899An American schooner that was wrecked and beached in a hurricane on Dog Island.[citation needed]
Vidette1 August 1899An American brigantine that was wrecked and beached in a hurricane on Dog Island.

Hillsborough County[edit]

ShipSunk dateNotesCoordinates
USS Narcissus (1863)4 January 1866A steamboat that sunk off Egmont Key.

Manatee County[edit]

ShipSunk dateNotesCoordinates
SS Regina1940A tanker that sank near Bradenton Beach.27°28′08″N 82°42′07″W / 27.46889°N 82.70194°W / 27.46889; -82.70194 (SS Regina (1904))

Martin County[edit]

ShipSunk dateNotesCoordinates
Georges Valentine16 October 1904A barquentine that sank in a storm off Hutchinson Island.27°11′55.8″N 80°9′49.8″W / 27.198833°N 80.163833°W / 27.198833; -80.163833 (Georges Valentine (shipwreck))
USS Muliphen (AKA-61)21 January 1989An Andromeda-class attack cargo ship that was sunk as an artificial reef off Stuart.27°24.331′N 80°00.337′W / 27.405517°N 80.005617°W / 27.405517; -80.005617 (USS Muliphen (AKA-61))
USS Rankin (AKA-103)24 July 1988A Tolland-class attack cargo ship that was sunk as a fishing and diving reef off Stuart.

Miami-Dade County[edit]

ShipSunk dateNotesCoordinates
HMS Fowey (1744)26 June 1748A warship that struck a reef offshore from Biscayne Bay.
Half Moon1930A German racing yacht that ended its life as a floating restaurant and dance hall off Miami, where it sank near Key Biscayne.25°43′39″N 80°8′4″W / 25.72750°N 80.13444°W / 25.72750; -80.13444 (Half Moon (shipwreck))
SS Potrero del Llano14 May 1942An oil tanker that was torpedoed by U-564.25°35′N 80°06′W / 25.583°N 80.100°W / 25.583; -80.100 (SS Potrero del Llano)

Monroe County[edit]

ShipSunk dateNotesCoordinates
Adelaide BakerA barque that ran aground on a reef off Duck Key.[1]
MV Adolphus Busch24 September 1998A cargo ship that was sunk as an artificial reef off Looe Key.24°31′51″N 81°27′41″W / 24.5307°N 81.4615°W / 24.5307; -81.4615 (MV Adolphus Busch)
USS Alligator23 November 1822A schooner that ran aground on Alligator Reef.
USS Amesbury (DE-66)1962A Buckley-class destroyer escort that sank under tow off Key West.[6]
Angustias1733A ship in the 1733 Spanish Plate Fleet that was wrecked along the Florida Keys.
Benwood9 April 1942A cargo ship that collided with the Robert C. Tuttle off Key Largo.[7]
USCGC Bibb (WPG-31)28 November 1987A Treasury-class cutter that was sunk as artificial reef off Key Largo.[4]24°59.71′N 80°22.77′W / 24.99517°N 80.37950°W / 24.99517; -80.37950 (USCGC Bibb (WPG-31))
Chavez1733A ship in the 1733 Spanish Plate Fleet that was wrecked along the Florida Keys.
City of Washington10 July 1917A steamship that ran aground off Key Largo.[1][8]
USS Coco9 September 1919A patrol vessel that was wrecked at Key West in the 1919 Florida Keys hurricane.
USS Curb (ARS-21)23 November 1983A Diver-class rescue and salvage ship that sunk off Key West as an artificial reef in 185 fsw.[1][9]
USCGC Duane (WPG-33)27 November 1987A Treasury-class cutter that was sunk as an artificial reef near Key Largo.[4][10]25°00′25.98″N 80°20′47.22″W / 25.0072167°N 80.3464500°W / 25.0072167; -80.3464500 (USCGC Duane (WPG-33))
Eagle19 December 1985A cargo ship that was sunk as an artificial reef off Florida Keys after heavy fire damage.24°52′11″N 80°34′13″W / 24.86972°N 80.57028°W / 24.86972; -80.57028 (Eagle (ship))
El Gallo Indiano1733A ship in the 1733 Spanish Plate Fleet that was wrecked along the Florida Keys.
El Infante1733A ship in the 1733 Spanish Plate Fleet that was wrecked along the Florida Keys.
El Rubi1733A ship in the 1733 Spanish Plate Fleet that was wrecked along the Florida Keys.
USS Fred T. Berry (DD-858)14 May 1972A Gearing-class destroyer that was scuttled off Key West as an artificial reef. In 1973, the research submersible Johnson Sea Link became entangled in the wreckage, resulting in the deaths of two of its occupants.24°27.8′N 81°33.3′W / 24.4633°N 81.5550°W / 24.4633; -81.5550 (USS Fred T. Berry (DD-858))
USS Helena I11 September 1919A yacht that was wrecked off Key West in the 1919 Florida Keys hurricane.
Henrietta Marie1700A slave ship sunk off Florida Keys.
Herrera1733A ship in the 1733 Spanish Plate Fleet that was wrecked along the Florida Keys.
Isaac Allerton28 August 1856A merchant ship that sank in a hurricane off the Saddlebunch Keys.
USS Katherine K.10 September 1919A patrol vessel that was wrecked off Key West in the 1919 Florida Keys hurricane.
USS Kendrick (DD-612)A Benson-class destroyer that was sunk off Key West in tests, in 320 fsw.
HMS Looe5 February 1744A frigate that ran aground off Big Pine Key during the War of Jenkins' Ear.24°32′52″N 81°24′19″W / 24.5477°N 81.4052°W / 24.5477; -81.4052 (HMS Looe)
Major General Wallace F. Randolph6 March 1986A mine planter that was sunk as an artificial reef off Marathon.
USS Morris11 October 1846A schooner that was wrecked off Key West in a hurricane.
USS Nemes21 August 1917A patrol vessel that exploded off Key West.
Nuestra Señora de Atocha6 September 1622A Spanish galleon that sank 40 miles (64 km) off the coast of Key West. The wreck was found on 20 July 1985 by treasure hunters, who soon began to raise $400 million in coins and silver.
Nuestra Señora del Populo1733A ship in the 1733 Spanish Plate Fleet that was wrecked along the Florida Keys.
USS Patrol No. 110 September 1919A patrol vessel that was wrecked off Key West in the 1919 Florida Keys hurricane.
Queen of Nassau2 July 1926A patrol boat that flooded and sank off Florida.
USS R-1212 June 1943An R-class submarine that foundered south of the Florida Keys.24°24′30″N 81°38′30″W / 24.40833°N 81.64167°W / 24.40833; -81.64167 (USS R-12 (SS-89))
USS S-16 (SS-121)3 April 1945An S-class submarine that was sunk off Key West as a target, in 260 fsw.[4]24°25.207′N 82°02.393′W / 24.420117°N 82.039883°W / 24.420117; -82.039883 (USS S-16 (SS-121))
San Felipe1733A ship in the 1733 Spanish Plate Fleet that was wrecked along the Florida Keys.24°50′45.66″N 80°42′51″W / 24.8460167°N 80.71417°W / 24.8460167; -80.71417 (San Felipe (shipwreck))
San Francisco1733A ship in the 1733 Spanish Plate Fleet that was wrecked along the Florida Keys.
San Jose1733A ship in the 1733 Spanish Plate Fleet that was wrecked along the Florida Keys.24°56′55″N 80°29′20″W / 24.94861°N 80.48889°W / 24.94861; -80.48889 (San Jose (shipwreck))
San Pedro1733A ship in the 1733 Spanish Plate Fleet that was wrecked along the Florida Keys.
Santa Margarita1622A Spanish ship that sank in a hurricane off Key West.
USS Saufley (DD-465)20 February 1968A Fletcher-class destroyer that was sunk as a target in 420 fsw off Key West.
USS Sea Hawk10 September 1919A patrol boat that was wrecked off Key West in the 1919 Florida Keys hurricane.
USS Spiegel Grove (LSD-32)17 May 2002A Thomaston-class dock landing ship that was sunk as an artificial reef off Florida Keys.[4]25°04′00.2″N 80°18′00.7″W / 25.066722°N 80.300194°W / 25.066722; -80.300194 (USS Spiegal Grove (LSD-32))
USS Sturtevant (DD-240)26 April 1942A Clemson-class destroyer that ran into a friendly mine-field in the northwest channel.24°45′N 82°1′W / 24.750°N 82.017°W / 24.750; -82.017 (USS Sturtevant (DD-240))
Sueco de Arizon1733A ship in the 1733 Spanish Plate Fleet that was wrecked along the Florida Keys.
Tres Puentes1733A ship in the 1733 Spanish Plate Fleet that was wrecked along the Florida Keys.
HMS Tyger11 January 1741A frigate that ran aground on a reef in the Dry Tortugas.
U-25137 October 1951A Type XXI U-boat that was sunk west of Key West during rocket tests by the destroyer USS Robert A. Owens.[4]24°52.015′N 83°18.594′W / 24.866917°N 83.309900°W / 24.866917; -83.309900 (German submarine U-2513)
ValbaneraSeptember 1919A steamship that sank in a hurricane 5 miles (8.0 km) east of Rebecca Shoal (about 45 miles (72 km) west of Key West).
USS Wilkes-Barre (CL-103)12 May 1972A Cleveland-class light cruiser that was sunk as a target off the Florida Keys.[1][11]24°36′36″N 81°45′47″W / 24.6101°N 81.7630°W / 24.6101; -81.7630 (USS Wilkes-Barre (CL-103))

Okaloosa County[edit]

ShipSunk dateNotesCoordinates
USS Ozark (LSV-2)1981A Catskill-class amphibious assault ship that was sunk as a target off Destin.

Palm Beach County[edit]

ShipSunk dateNotesCoordinates
Amaryllis22 August 1968A cargo ship that ran aground at Singer Island on 7 September 1965, during Hurricane Betsy. After several salvage attempts, the ship was abandoned and became a tourist attraction. Eventually, the Army Corps of Engineers succeeded in towing the ship three-quarters of a mile out to sea, where she was scuttled as an artificial reef.26°47′17″N 80°00′58″W / 26.78806°N 80.01611°W / 26.78806; -80.01611 (Amaryllis (shipwreck))
Lofthus1898A barque that sunk near Boynton Beach.26°33′46″N 80°02′18″W / 26.56278°N 80.03833°W / 26.56278; -80.03833 (Lofthus (shipwreck))

Pinellas County[edit]

ShipSunk dateNotesCoordinates
USCGC Blackthorn (WLB-391)28 January 1980A USCG seagoing buoy tender that collided with the tanker Capricorn in Tampa Bay, in the Egmont channel. The wreck was raised and re-sunk 20 mi (32 km) off Clearwater.[1]

St. Johns County[edit]

ShipSunk dateNotesCoordinates
USS Basilone9 April 1982A Gearing-class destroyer that was sunk as a target off St. Augustine.
Industry6 May 1764A British supply sloop en route from New York, wrecked off St. Augustine Light.[citation needed]
USC&GS IsisJanuary 1920A survey ship that was wrecked off Crescent Beach.29°46′20″N 81°13′19″W / 29.77212°N 81.22192°W / 29.77212; -81.22192 (USC&GS Isis)

St. Lucie County[edit]

ShipSunk dateNotesCoordinates
Urca de Lima1715A Spanish ship, and part of the 1715 Treasure Fleet, that sank near Fort Pierce27°30′19″N 80°17′57″W / 27.50528°N 80.29917°W / 27.50528; -80.29917 (Urca de Lima)

Volusia County[edit]

ShipSunk dateNotesCoordinates
SS Commodore2 January 1897A steamboat that foundered off Ponce de Leon Inlet Light. Stephen Crane, a passenger on the ship, was stranded for thirty hours in a dingy, and based his story "The Open Boat" on the experience.
USS Mindanao (ARG-3)1980A Luzon-class auxiliary ship that was sunk as an artificial reef off Daytona Beach.29°12.00′N 80°44.87′W / 29.20000°N 80.74783°W / 29.20000; -80.74783 (USS Mindanao (ARG-3))
Nathan F. Cobb1 December 1896A schooner that ran aground off Ormond Beach.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Barnette, Michael C. (2003). Shipwrecks of the sunshine state: Florida's submerged history. Association of Underwater Explorers. ISBN 0-9743036-0-7. 
  2. ^ Barnette, Michael C. "German U-Boat Attacks Off Florida Coast". Association of Underwater Explorers. Retrieved 6 June 2009. 
  3. ^ Barnette, Michael C. "SS Copenhagen". Association of Underwater Explorers. Retrieved 6 June 2009. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f Barnette, Michael C. (2008). Florida's Shipwrecks. Arcadia Publishing. ISBN 978-0-7385-5413-6. 
  5. ^ FJ Cantelas, BA Rodgers (1997). "Tools, Techniques, and Zero Visibility Archaeology". In: EJ Maney, Jr and CH Ellis, Jr (Eds.) the Diving for Science...1997, Proceedings of the American Academy of Underwater Sciences, Seventeenth annual Scientific Diving Symposium, Northeastern University, Boston, MA. Retrieved 6 June 2009. 
  6. ^ Barnette, Michael C. "USS Amesbury (DE-66)". Association of Underwater Explorers. Retrieved 6 June 2009. 
  7. ^ Barnette, Michael C. "Benwood". Association of Underwater Explorers. Retrieved 6 June 2009. 
  8. ^ Barnette, Michael C. "City of Washington". Association of Underwater Explorers. Retrieved 6 June 2009. 
  9. ^ Barnette, Michael C. "USS Curb (ARS-21)". Association of Underwater Explorers. Retrieved 6 June 2009. 
  10. ^ Barnette, Michael C. "USCGC Duane". Association of Underwater Explorers. Retrieved 6 June 2009. 
  11. ^ Barnette, Michael C. "USS Wilkes-Barre". Association of Underwater Explorers. Retrieved 6 June 2009. 

Further reading[edit]