List of rivers of Europe

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Main European drainage divides (red lines) separating catchments (grey regions)

These are the main rivers in Europe (ecologically, the extreme west of the Palearctic ecozone - which includes Russia in the east). See each article for their tributaries, drainage areas, etc. For clarity, only rivers longer than 100 kilometres (or very significant in another way) are shown in this list. Shorter rivers can be found in the lists by country.

Longest rivers[edit]

Rivers over 100 km:

RiverkmmiDraining into
(tributary of)
Volga3,6922,294Caspian Sea[1]
Danube2,8601,780Black Sea
Ural2,4281,509Caspian Sea
Dnieper2,2901,420Black Sea
Don1,9501,210Sea of Azov
Pechora1,8091,224Barents Sea
Kama1,8051,221Caspian Sea (Volga)
Northern DvinaVychegda1,7741,102White Sea
Oka1,500932Caspian Sea (Volga)
Belaya1,430889Caspian Sea (Kama)
Dniester1,362846Black Sea
Rhine1,236768North Sea
Elbe1,091678North Sea
Donets1,050653Black Sea (Don)
Vistula1,047651Baltic Sea
Tagus1,038645Atlantic Ocean
Daugava1,020630Baltic Sea
Loire1,013629Atlantic Ocean
Tisza976610Black Sea (Danube)
Prut953592Black Sea (Danube)
Sava940586Black Sea (Danube)
Neman937582Baltic Sea
Meuse925575North Sea
Douro897557Atlantic Ocean
Kuban870540Sea of Azov
Mezen857533Barents Sea
Oder854531Baltic Sea
Seine776482Atlantic Ocean
Mureș761473Black Sea (Tisza — Danube)
Drava749465Black Sea (Danube)
Guadiana742461Atlantic Ocean
Siret706439Black Sea (Danube)
Po682424Adriatic Sea
Glomma621386North sea
Olt615382Black Sea (Danube)
NevaSvirSuna578361Baltic Sea
Moselle545338North Sea (Rhine)
Maritsa/Evros480298Aegean Sea
Mur480298Black Sea (Danube) (Drava)
Ialomița417259Black Sea (Danube)
Struma415258Aegean Sea
Adige410255Adriatic Sea
Vardar388241Aegean Sea
Someș388241Black Sea (Danube) (Tisa)
Iskar368228Black Sea (Danube)
River Shannon361224Atlantic Ocean
River Severn354220Atlantic Ocean
Argeș350217Black Sea (Danube)
Tundzha350217Aegean Sea (Maritsa)
Thames346215North Sea
Drina346215Black Sea (Danube) (Sava)
Jiu339211Black Sea (Danube)
Timiș339211Black Sea (Danube)
Drin335208Adriatic Sea
Haliacmon322200Aegean Sea
West Morava/(Zapadna Morava)308191Black Sea (Danube) (Great Morava)
Buzău302188Black Sea (Danube) (Siret)
Kupa297185Black Sea (Danube) (Sava)
South Morava/(Južna Morava)295183Black Sea (Danube) (Great Morava)
Dâmbovița286178Black Sea (Danube) (Argeș)
Yantra285177Black Sea (Danube)
Bistrița283176Black Sea (Danube) (Siret)
Jijia275171Black Sea (Danube) (Prut)
Vjosë/Aoos272169Adriatic Sea
Bega256159Black Sea (Danube) (Tisa)
Kamchiya245152Black Sea
Vrbas235146Black Sea (Danube) (Sava)
Mondego234145Atlantic Ocean
Neretva230143Adriatic Sea
Nestos230143Aegean Sea
Vedea224139Black Sea (Danube)
Achelous220137Ionian Sea
Pineios216134Aegean Sea
Crna207129Aegean Sea (Vardar)

In the list below, the European rivers are grouped by the sea or ocean into which they flow. They are sorted along the coastline of the seas and oceans. Rivers that flow into other rivers are sorted in orographic order, i.e., by the proximity of their points of confluence to the sea.

Note for additions: please remember to add the city where the river meets for each river.

Barents Sea and White Sea (Arctic Ocean)[edit]

The rivers in this section are sorted east (Novaya Zemlya) to west (North Cape, Norway).

In Russia:

In Norway:

Atlantic Ocean[edit]

On Iceland[edit]

The river Þjórsá with the glaciers Tindfjallajökull and Eyjafjallajökull

Norwegian coast[edit]

In Norway:

Irish coast[edit]

In Northern Ireland:

In the Republic of Ireland (including Celtic Sea):

British coast[edit]

The Bristol Channel:

French, Spanish and Portuguese coast[edit]

The rivers in this section are sorted north (Brest) to south (Tarifa).

In France:

The Loire in Orléans.
The Garonne in Toulouse.
The Pas in Cantabria, Spain.

In Spain:

In Portugal:

In Spain:

Baltic Sea[edit]

The rivers in this section are sorted clockwise, starting from Helsingborg (south Sweden).

In Sweden[edit]

Dal River (Swedish: Dalälven) in Sweden

In Finland[edit]

Aurajoki flowing past Turku cathedral

In Russia[edit]

In Estonia[edit]

Narva River as it flows between Ivangorod in Russia and Narva in Estonia

In Latvia[edit]

Lielupe River as it flows past Jelgava Palace

In Lithuania[edit]

In Russia (Kaliningrad Oblast)[edit]

In Poland[edit]

The Vistula in Płock
The Oder in Szczecin

In Germany[edit]

The Trave in Lübeck

Black Sea[edit]

The rivers in this section are sorted west (Istanbul) to east (Sochi).

In Bulgaria[edit]

In Romania[edit]

In Ukraine[edit]

Dniester river near Ţipova in Moldova

In Russia[edit]

Caspian Sea[edit]

The rivers in this section are sorted west to north-east.

In Russia[edit]

Volga in Yaroslavl (autumn morning)

In Kazakhstan[edit]

English Channel[edit]

North coast[edit]

The rivers in this section are sorted west (Lizard Point, Cornwall) to east (Ramsgate).

In Britain:

South coast[edit]

The rivers in this section are sorted east (Calais) to west (Brest).

In France:

Irish Sea[edit]

The rivers in this section are sorted clockwise, starting from the (Mull of Kintyre).

In Britain:

In Ireland:


Western Mediterranean[edit]

This section includes the Ligurian Sea and the Tyrrhenian Sea. The rivers are sorted from west (Tarifa) to east (Reggio Calabria).

In Spain:

In France:

In Italy:

Adriatic Sea[edit]

The rivers in this section are sorted clockwise, from Otranto, southern Italy, to Vlorë in southern Albania.

In Italy:

The Adige in Verona

In Croatia:

In Bosnia and Herzegovina:

In Montenegro:

In Albania:

Ionian Sea[edit]

West coast

The rivers in this section are sorted south-west to north-east from Reggio Calabria to Otranto.

In Italy:

East coast

The rivers in this section are sorted north-west to south-east from Vlorë to Cape Malea.

In Greece[edit]

Aegean Sea[edit]

The rivers in this section are sorted west (Cape Malea) to east (Istanbul).

In Greece[edit]

In Turkey:

North Sea[edit]

The rivers in this section are given clockwise along the North Sea coast, starting from Bergen, Norway.

In Norway[edit]

In Sweden[edit]

In Denmark[edit]

In Germany[edit]

The Weser near Bad Oeynhausen.

In the Netherlands[edit]

The Rhine at the Loreley
Hotton, view on the Ourthe river and the city church.
The Scheldt in Antwerp

In Belgium[edit]

In France[edit]

In Britain[edit]

Aerial view of the Thames in London
The mouth of the Gaywood River at King's Lynn.
The Mouth of the River Burn at Overy Creek, Norfolk

See also[edit]

European countries[edit]

Other continents[edit]

  1. ^ Dècouvre L'EUROPE