List of reptiles of Minnesota

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An illustration of a side of a turtle on a white background. The turtle has small, yellow spots on its shell; the bottom side of the shell is pictured bottom
Blanding's turtle (scientific name Emys blandingii or Emydoidea blandingii) was the proposed state reptile of Minnesota.

Twenty-nine species of reptiles have been recorded in the US state of Minnesota, including 17 species of snakes, nine species of turtle, and three species of lizard.[1] Of those 29 species, two (Blanding's Turtle and the Wood Turtle) have been listed as Endangered by the International Union for Conservation of Nature, with another 19 listed as Least Concern and nine have not been evaluated.

Minnesota does not have an official state reptile. However, the Blanding's Turtle was proposed as the reptile of the state in 1998 and 1999.[2]

Snakes[edit]

Common nameScientific nameConservation statusDescriptionPhotograph
Eastern Yellowbelly RacerColuber constrictor flaviventrisNot EvaluatedNonvenomous; adults reach 30–50 inches (76–130 cm); color varies from olive to blue to nearly black[3][4]Coluber constrictor flaviventris (1).jpg
Ringneck SnakeDiadophis punctatusLeast Concern0Nonvenomous; adults reach 8–15 inches (20–38 cm); has a distinct yellow ring around the neck; color varies from slate gray to olive[5][6]Diadophis punctatus edwardsii4.jpg
Black Rat SnakeElaphe obsoleta obsoletaNot EvaluatedNonvenomous; adults reach 42–72 inches (110–180 cm); adults appear shiny black; underbellies are white with black mottles[7]Pantherophis obsoletusPCCA20050508-7264B.jpg
Western Fox SnakePantherophis vulpinusLeast ConcernNonvenomous; adults reach 36–54 inches (91–140 cm); color varies from tan to greenish-brown with large black blotches[8][9]Pantherophis vulpina.jpg
Western Hognose SnakeHeterodon nasicusLeast ConcernNonvenomous; adults reach 16–26 inches (41–66 cm); color varies from light yellow or olive color with systematic brown blotches[10][11]Heterodon nasicus.jpg
Eastern Hognose SnakeHeterodon platyrhinosLeast ConcernNonvenomous; adults reach 20–33 inches (51–84 cm); color varies from gray to brown with dark brown markings[6][12]Heterodon platirhinos2.jpg
Eastern Milk SnakeLamptopeltis triangulum triangulumNot EvaluatedNonvenomous; adults reach 24–36 inches (61–91 cm); repeating red, black-outlined blotches[13][14]Autumn milksnake.jpg
Smooth Green SnakeOpheodrys vernalis
(sometimes Liochlorophis vernalis)
Not EvaluatedNonvenomous; adults reach 14–20 inches (36–51 cm); color varies from a uniform bright green to brownish green[15][16]Smooth Green Snake.jpg
Northern Water SnakeNerodia sipedonLeast ConcernNonvenomous; adults reach 24–42 inches (61–110 cm); color varies from gray to reddish brown with dark brown crossbands[17][18]Northern watersnake j.jpg
BullsnakePituophis catenifer sayiNot EvaluatedNonvenomous; adults reach 37–72 inches (94–180 cm); color varies from tan to brown with large brown or black spots[19][20]Pituophis catenifer sayi 007.jpg
Brown SnakeStoreria dekayiLeast ConcernNonvenomous; adults reach 6–13 inches (15–33 cm); color varies from brown to reddish-brown; two rows of dark spots across the back[21][22]Storeria dekayi texana.jpg
Northern Redbelly SnakeStoreria occipitomaculataLeast ConcernNonvenomous; adults reach 8–10 inches (20–25 cm); color varies from gray-brown to reddish-brown[6][23]Redbelly Snake - Storeria occipitomaculata occipitomaculata.jpg
Plains Garter SnakeThamnophis radixLeast ConcernNonvenomous; adults reach 15–28 inches (38–71 cm); similar to other garter snakes but with a yellow stripe down the side[24][25]Plains gartersnake.jpg
Eastern Garter SnakeThamnophis sirtalisLeast ConcernNonvenomous; adults reach 18–26 inches (46–66 cm); color varies from black to olive; usually has three yellowish stripes, one down the back and one along each side[26][27]Thamnophis sirtalis sirtalis Wooster.jpg
Lined SnakeTropidoclonion lineatumLeast ConcernNonvenomous; adults reach 8–15 inches (20–38 cm); colors range from gray to black with a lighter color stripe down the middle of the back[28][29]Tropidoclonion lineatum texanum.jpg
Timber RattlesnakeCrotalus horridusLeast ConcernVenomous; adults reach 36–60 inches (91–150 cm); color varies from yellow to tan with dark markings on the back[30][31]C horridus.JPG
Eastern MassasaugaSistrurus catenatusLeast ConcernVenomous; adults reach 18–30 inches (46–76 cm); color varies from gray to gray brown with dark brown blotches down the middle of the back and along both sides[32][33]Massasauga rattlesnake 1.jpg

Turtles[edit]

Common nameScientific nameConservation statusDescriptionPhotograph
Blanding's turtleEmydoidea blandingiiEndangeredLength of 6–9 inches (15–23 cm); yellow, long, narrow throat; domed carapace[34]Blandings-road-800x600.jpg
Common snapping turtleChelydra serpentinaLeast ConcernLength of 8–14 inches (20–36 cm); weight of 10–35 pounds (4.5–16 kg); shell color varies from tan to black [35]Common Snapping Turtle.jpg
False map turtleGraptemys pseudogeographicaLeast ConcernLength of 3–10 inches (7.6–25 cm); upper shell has yellow connected circles or lines; lower shell is greenish-yellow[36]Turtle vdg.jpg
Northern map turtleGraptemys geographicaLeast ConcernLength of 6–10.75 inches (15–27.3 cm); fine yellow lines on a brown to olive shell[37]Northern Map Turtle.jpg
Ouachita map turtleGraptemys ouachitensisLeast ConcernLength of 6–10 inches (15–25 cm); ridge down the center of the shell; bright yellow lines on the head and limbs[38]Graptemys ouachitensis hatchling.jpg
Painted turtleChrysemys picta belliiLeast ConcernLength of 4–10 inches (10–25 cm); carapace color varies from tan to olive, with markings on the neck[39]Painted turtle.jpg
Spiny softshell turtleApalone spinifera spiniferaNot EvaluatedFemale length of 7–19 inches (18–48 cm); male length of 5–9.25 inches (13–23.5 cm); olive to brown, flexible, smooth shell[40]Apalone spinifera.jpg
Wood turtleGlyptemys insculpta
(formerly Clemmys insculpta)
EndangeredLength of 5.5–8 inches (14–20 cm); rough, tan to gray carapace[41]Clemmys insculpta.jpg

Lizards[edit]

Common nameScientific nameStatusDescription[a]Photograph
Five-lined skinkEumeces fasciatusLeast ConcernTotal length of 5–8.5 inches (13–22 cm); maximum body length of 3.4 inches (8.6 cm); brown to black body with short legs; juveniles have a blueish tale that turns to grey with maturation[42][43]Eumecesfasciatus.jpg
Prairie SkinkEumeces septentrionalisLeast ConcernMaximum body length of 8.8 inches (22 cm); juveniles are blue, adults are tan with black stripes[44]Prairie skink.jpg
Six-lined RacerunnerCnemidophorus sexlineatusLeast ConcernTotal length of 6–10.5 inches (15–27 cm); maximum body length of 3.4 inches (8.6 cm); light yellow to white stripes alternating with black stripes down back[45]Aspidoscelis sexlineata (male).jpg

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

General
Specific
  1. ^ Coffin 1988, p. 326
  2. ^ "Minnesota State Symbols—Unofficial, Proposed, or Facetious". Minnesota Legislature. Retrieved July 23, 2011. 
  3. ^ "Eastern Yellow-Bellied Racer". Missouri Department of Conservation. Retrieved May 15, 2011. 
  4. ^ Tennant 1998, p. 175
  5. ^ Badger, David P.; Netherton, John (1999). Snakes. Stillwater, Minnesota: Voyageur Press. p. 36. ISBN 0-89658-408-9. 
  6. ^ a b c Martin, Glen (1998). National geographic's guide to wildlife watching. Washington, DC: National Geographic Society, Book Division. p. 313. ISBN 0-7922-7130-0. 
  7. ^ "Black Rat Snake". Missouri Department of Conservation. Retrieved May 15, 2011. 
  8. ^ "Western Fox Snake". Missouri Department of Conservation. Retrieved May 15, 2011. 
  9. ^ Paulson, Dave (2007). Northwood's Naturalist. Webster, Wisconsin. p. 140. ISBN 0-615-15430-1. 
  10. ^ Coffin 1988, p. 337
  11. ^ Trutnau, Ludwig (1986). Nonvenomous snakes. Woodbury, New York: Barron's. p. 102. ISBN 0-8120-5632-9. 
  12. ^ "Eastern Hog-Nosed Snake". Missouri Department of Conservation. Retrieved May 15, 2011. 
  13. ^ "Species Information: eastern milksnake (Lampropeltis triangulum triangulum)". Virginia Department of Game and Inland Fisheries. Retrieved May 15, 2011. 
  14. ^ Kricher, John C.; National Audubon Society, National Wildlife Federation, Roger Tory Peterson Institute (1998). A field guide to eastern forests, North America. Boston, Massachusetts: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. p. 380. ISBN 0-395-92895-8. 
  15. ^ "Smooth Green Snake". Missouri Department of Conservation. Retrieved May 15, 2011. 
  16. ^ Breckenridge 1944, p. 113
  17. ^ "Northern Water Snake". Missouri Department of Conservation. Retrieved May 15, 2011. 
  18. ^ Bartlett, Richard D.; Tennant, Alan (2000). Snakes of North America: Western region. Houston, Texas: Gulf Publishing Company. p. 95. ISBN 0-87719-312-6. 
  19. ^ "Bullsnake". Missouri Department of Conservation. Retrieved May 15, 2011. 
  20. ^ Tennant 1998, p. 190
  21. ^ Glenn, Thomas. "Species Profile: Brown Snake (Storeria dekayi)". University of Georgia. Retrieved May 15, 2011. 
  22. ^ Tennant 1998, p. 57
  23. ^ "Northern Red-Bellied Snake". Missouri Department of Conservation. Retrieved May 15, 2011. 
  24. ^ "Plains Garter Snake". Missouri Department of Conservation. Retrieved May 15, 2011. 
  25. ^ Breckenridge 1944, p. 142
  26. ^ "Eastern Garter Snake". Missouri Department of Conservation. Retrieved May 15, 2011. 
  27. ^ Tennant 1998, p. 67
  28. ^ "Lined Snake". Missouri Department of Conservation. Retrieved May 15, 2011. 
  29. ^ "Lined Snake Tropidoclonion lineatum". OK Snakes. Retrieved May 15, 2011. 
  30. ^ "Timber Rattlesnake". Missouri Department of Conservation. Retrieved May 15, 2011. 
  31. ^ "Venomous Snakes of Ohio". Ohio Department of Natural Resources. Retrieved May 15, 2011. 
  32. ^ "Eastern Massasauga Rattlesnake". Missouri Department of Conservation. Retrieved May 15, 2011. 
  33. ^ "USFWS: Eastern Massasauga Fact Sheet". United States Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved May 15, 2011. 
  34. ^ "Blanding’s Turtle Emydoidea blandingii" (PDF). Natural Heritage and Endangered Species Program. p. 1. Retrieved July 31, 2011. 
  35. ^ "Common Snapping Turtle". Missouri Department of Conservation. Retrieved July 31, 2011. 
  36. ^ "False Map Turtle". Missouri Department of Conservation. Retrieved July 31, 2011. 
  37. ^ "Common (Northern) Map Turtle". Missouri Department of Conservation. Retrieved July 31, 2011. 
  38. ^ "Ouachita Map Turtle". Missouri Department of Conservation. Retrieved July 31, 2011. 
  39. ^ Deal, Kevin H. (2002). Wildlife & natural resource management. Clifton Park, New York: Cengage Learning. p. 253. ISBN 0-7668-2681-3. 
  40. ^ "Spiny Soft-shell Turtle (Apalone spinifera spinifera)". Michigan Department of Natural Resources. Retrieved July 31, 2011. 
  41. ^ "Wood Turtle Glyptemys insculpta" (PDF). Natural Heritage and Endangered Species Program. p. 1. Retrieved July 31, 2011. 
  42. ^ Harding 1997, p. 229
  43. ^ "Five-lined Skink (Eumeces fasciatus)". Michigan Department of Natural Resources. Retrieved July 22, 2013. 
  44. ^ Harding 1997, p. 352
  45. ^ Harding 1997, p. 237

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]