List of rail accidents in the United Kingdom

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This list of railway accidents in the United Kingdom provides details of significant railway crashes in the United Kingdom involving railway rolling stock, but not other railway related incidents such as the Oxford Circus fire of 1984 or the King's Cross fire of 1987 or suicide.

Tables are sortable, click on heading to sort by the selected column.

Worst accidents[edit]

The worst incident was the Quintinshill rail disaster in 1915 with 230 dead and 246 injured;[a] the 1952 Harrow and Wealdstone rail crash resulted in 112 deaths and 340 injured.[1] The death toll from the 1957 Lewisham rail crash was 90, for the 1889 Armagh rail disaster was 80[2] and the 1879 Tay Bridge disaster was 75.

The incident on the London Underground with the highest loss of life was the 7 July 2005 London bombings. Discounting terrorism, and the wartime incidents noted in the section below, the worst peacetime incident was the Moorgate tube crash, which occurred on the Northern City Line (at the time part of the London Underground Network).

London Underground[edit]

Despite its age and high usage, train related accidents which have involved passenger fatalities are exceptionally rare, the last major incident to result in these being the Moorgate tube crash in 1975. Derailments in the period 2003–2004 did not result in fatalities, although the Chancery Lane derailment in 2003 led to a closure of the Central Line whilst urgent safety checks were undertaken.

A number of major incidents have taken place in London Underground stations however:

Other major losses of life on railway premises[edit]

1995 onwards: Post-privatisation[edit]

Deaths in UK railway accidents 1995-2012. Includes all accidents listed below. There were significant accidents in 1999 (Ladbroke Grove) and 2001 (Great Heck).
DateKilledInjuredTypeDetails
02011-10-2222 October 201110James Street station, Liverpool, 22 October 2011: 16 year old passenger killed when they fell between departing train and platform. Guard who gave right of way while passenger was leaning on train convicted of manslaughter and given 5 year jail sentence.[3]
02010-11-055 November 201006New Guildford Line, Oxshott, Surrey, 5 November 2010; a cement mixer lorry fell off a road bridge, striking the 15:05 Guildford to London Waterloo service (2G46) composed of South West Trains Class 455 units 455741 and 455913. One passenger and the lorry driver were seriously injured; four other passengers received minor injuries.[4][5]
02010-01-1616 January 201010Welsh Marches Line, Moreton-on-Lugg, Herefordshire, 16 January 2010; Arriva Trains Wales Class 175 Coradia unit 175103 struck two cars on a level-crossing between Hereford and Leominster while working the 08:30 Manchester PiccadillyMilford Haven service (1V75). One of the cars' passengers was killed.[6][7] The line was closed until the end of the following day. An investigation concluded that the signaller had erroneously opened the barriers as the train approached, believing it had already passed, after his attention had been taken up by a telephone call.[8]
02007-02-2323 February 2007188West Coast Main Line, Grayrigg, Cumbria, 23 February 2007; one killed, train derailed over a set of faulty points.[9]
02005-12-033 December 200520Elsenham, Essex, 3 December 2005; two teenage girls were killed by a train while using the station's pedestrian level crossing.[10][11]
02005-07-1010 July 200510Romney, Hythe & Dymchurch Railway, 10 July 2005; 1 killed - train driver: car on level crossing.[12]
02004-11-066 November 20047150Reading to Taunton Line, Ufton Nervet, Berkshire, 6 November 2004; 7 killed, 150 injured: car on level crossing, (suicide).[13][14]
02004-02-1515 February 200443West Coast Main Line, Tebay, Cumbria, 15 February 2004; 4 killed; 3 injured: runaway work trolley caused by misuse (faulty brakes); ran down railway trackworkers.[citation needed][15]
02003-09-1616 September 200300East Coast Main Line, London King's Cross, 16 September 2003; GNER train derailed after routing onto track with missing rail.
02003-08-033 August 200310Romney, Hythe & Dymchurch Railway, 3 August 2003; 1 killed - train driver: car on level crossing[16]
02003-07-077 July 200335Near Pershore, Worcestershire, 7 July 2003; 3 killed, 5 injured. Minibus carrying Iraqi farm workers struck by 07:03 First Great Western Hereford to London Paddington service on farm level crossing. Requirement to use lineside telephone to contact signaller not carried out before accident. Site visited 2 months earlier by Network Rail to check crossing and remind farmer of safety obligations.[17]
02002-11-2424 November 2002031Southall East, 24 November 2002; 31 injured: broken fishplate caused HST coach to derail; throwing ballast through windows.[citation needed][18]
02002-05-1010 May 2002776East Coast Main Line, Potters Bar, 10 May 2002; 7 killed, 76 injured: undetected points fault; derailed carriage rolled, coming to rest on platforms.[19][20]
02002-02-2828 February 2002114Nocton, Lincolnshire, 28 February 2002; 1 killed in van, 14 injured on train; after van crashed through wall and fell onto track
02001-02-2828 February 20011082 seriousEast Coast Main Line, Selby (Great Heck), 28 February 2001; 10 killed and 82 seriously injured after the driver of a Land Rover fell asleep and ran down embankment onto track where it was hit by passenger train and also a freight train.[21]
02000-11-011 November 200001Lawrence Hill, Bristol, Cross Country Route, 1 November 2000; driver injured; due to incorrect brake operation an empty mail train passed 2 red lights and hit the back of a loaded coal train.[22]
02000-10-1717 October 2000435East Coast Main Line, Hatfield, Hertfordshire, 17 October 2000; 4 killed, 35 injured: derailment caused by broken rail; restaurant coach hit overhead catenary stanchion.[23]
01999-10-055 October 199931523Great Western Main Line, Ladbroke Grove, 5 October 1999; 31 killed, 523 injured: driver passed signal at danger; head-on collision and fire; allegations that signal (SN109) was hard to see.[24][25]
01999-06-2323 June 1999031 23 June 1999; 31 injured: train passed red signal; rear-end collision.[26]
01999-01-088 January 199904 8 January 1999; 4 injured: train passed signal at danger, converging collision: driver error[27]
01998-06-1818 June 199809East Coast Main Line 16 June 1998; 9 injured: Wheel failure caused by metal fatigue. East Coast mainline express derailed south of Sandy station at approximately 100 mph and came to a halt 400 metres north of the station.[citation needed][28]
01997-09-1919 September 19976150Great Western Main Line, Southall, 19 September 1997; 6 killed, 150 injured: signal passed at danger; collided with freight train crossing path; driver inattention and faulty Automatic Warning System equipment.[29][30]
01997-02-044 February 199704 4 February 1997; 4 injured: derailment; overloaded train and poor track maintenance.[31]
01996-08-088 August 1996169West Coast Main Line, Watford; 8 August 1996; 1 killed, 69 injured: driver passed signal at danger, head on collision with empty stock.[32][33]
01996-03-088 March 1996122 8 March 1996; 1 killed, 22 injured: axle box failure, train derailed across other tracks, mail train hit wreckage.[34]
01995-11-1010 November 199501Royal Oak tube station, 10 November 1995; 1 injured
01995-07-1111 July 199505Largs railway station, 11 July 1995; 5 injured: brake failure led to high-speed collision at terminus station. [35]
01995-01-3131 January 1995130 31 January 1995; 1 killed, 30 injured: train hit landslide; oncoming train hit wreckage.[36][37]

1948–1994: British Rail[edit]

DateKilledInjuredTypeDetails
01994-10-1515 October 1994512Cowden rail crash, 15 October 1994; 5 killed, 12 injured: signal passed at danger; head-on collision.[38]
01994-07-2727 July 199401Morpeth rail crash 1994, 27 June 1994; 1 injured: excessive speed on curve
01994-06-2525 June 199420Greenock rail crash, 25 June 1994; 2 killed: train derailed by concrete blocks placed on track; vandalism
01992-11-1313 November 199210Morpeth rail crash 1992, 13 November 1992; 1 killed: light engine hit train in rear; driver of light engine misunderstood signal operator's instruction
01991-12-077 December 19910100River Severn rail crash, 7 December 1991; 100 injured: rear-end collision, cause uncertain.[39]
01991-12-033 December 199101Appleford level crossing, 3 December 1991; 1 injured[citation needed]
01991-12-022 December 199110Yalding level crossing, 2 December 1991; 1 killed: train hit car on unmanned crossing Nr. Yalding (Kent)on Medway Valley Line[citation needed]
01991-07-2121 July 1991422Newton (South Lanarkshire) rail accident, 21 July 1991; 4 killed, 22 injured: head-on collision at junction.[40]
01991-01-088 January 19912240Cannon Street Station rail crash, 8 January 1991; 2 killed, 240 injured: train hit buffer stop: allegations of driver being intoxicated by a non-prescribed drug[41]
01990-08-044 August 1990135Stafford rail crash (1990), 4 August 1990; 1 killed, 35 injured: train passed signal at danger, rear-end collision: drunk driver, allegations excessive working hours
01989-11-3030 November 1989015Newcastle-upon-Tyne Central Station rail crash, 30 November 1989; 15 injured
01989-03-066 March 19892Glasgow Bellgrove rail crash, 6 March 1989; 2 killed: Inattention by driver ("ding-ding, and away"); head-on collision.[42]
01989-03-044 March 1989590Purley Station rail crash, 4 March 1989; 5 killed, 90 injured: Missed distant signal, overshot signal at danger; rear-end collision, part of train down embankment.[43]
01988-12-1212 December 198835100+Clapham Junction rail crash, 12 December 1988; 35 killed, 100+ injured: rear-end collision, oncoming train ran into wreckage: wrong-side signalling failure due to wiring error.[44]
01988-11-1111 November 1988118St. Helens rail crash, 11 November 1988; 1 killed, 16 injured
01987-10-01October 1987014Forest Gate rail crash, October 1987; 14 injured: 2 trains collided
01987-10-1919 October 19874River Towy rail crash, 19 October 1987; 4 killed: river flood washed bridge away; train fell in river.[45]
01986-09-1111 September 198622Bridgeton, Glasgow, 11 September 1986; 2 killed, 2 injured. 2 empty trains collided at 09:08 in tunnel during shunting movement. Driver of incoming train and guard at leading end of the reversing train killed. Driver of reversing train and guard of incoming train injured. Signaller set route and cleared signal for reversing train which did not pass signal after 5 minutes. Signal for the reversing train was reset to danger and a new route set for incoming train. Reversing train started off against the signal and collided with incoming train. Deceased guard held responsible for not keeping adequate lookout. Signaller partly responsible for not checking driver of reversing train knew the signal had been reset to danger.[46]
01986-09-1919 September 1986160Colwich rail crash, 19 September 1986; 1 killed 60 injured: head-on collision at converging route: driver failed to read a notification regarding recent signalling changes; misread signals[47]
01986-07-2626 July 1986911Lockington rail crash, 26 July 1986; 9 killed, 11 injured; road vehicle on level crossing
01986-06-1515 June 198602Motherwell, 15 June 1986; 12 injured: defective and poorly maintained track coupled with hot weather. At approximately 16.31 on Sunday, 15 June 1986, the 16.10 Glasgow Central to London Euston passenger train became derailed on the approach to Motherwell Station[citation needed]
01986-03-099 March 1986131Chinley, 9 March 1986; 1 killed 31 injured[citation needed]
01984-12-2020 December 198400Summit tunnel fire, 20 December 1984; 0 injured: faulty axle box caused derailment of petrol tanker train in tunnel; fire
01984-12-044 December 1984368Eccles rail crash (1984), 4 December 1984; 3 killed, 68 injured: Inattention by driver; signal passed at danger, rear-end collision
01984-10-1111 October 1984318Wembley Central rail crash, 11 October 1984 3 killed, 18 injured: collision: signal passed at danger; driver's mental state incapacitated by medical condition occurring
01984-07-3030 July 19841344Polmont rail crash, 30 July 1984; 13 killed, 44 injured: leading DBSO of Edinburgh to Glasgow train hit stray cow on line, total train derailed
01984-06-2424 June 1984035Morpeth, 24 June 1984; 35 injured: excessive speed: sleeping car train derailed: driver intoxicated.[48]
01983-12-099 December 198313Wrawby Junction rail crash, 9 December 1983; 1 killed, 3 injured: passenger train derailed with front coach onto its side and freight collided after accidentally signalled through at danger
01982-05-044 May 1982031Forteviot, 4 May 1982; 31 injured: vehicle on farm crossing, train derailed[citation needed]
01981-12-1111 December 198145Seer Green rail crash, 11 December 1981; 4 killed, 5 injured: signalman misread equipment; excess speed after driver authorised to pass signal at danger; rear-end collision, snow
01980-07-01July 198001Holborn rail crash, July 1980; 1 injured: Inattention by driver; signal passed at danger,

rear-end collision

01979-10-2222 October 1979552Invergowrie rail crash, 22 October 1979; 5 killed, 52 injured: preceding train stopped due to traction motor fire; following train ran into rear; poorly maintained signalling equipment.[49]
01979-04-1616 April 1979767Paisley Gilmour Street rail crash, 16 April 1979; 7 killed, 67 injured: Inattention by driver ("ding-ding, and away"); head-on collision
01979-03-1010 March 19792Penmanshiel Tunnel collapse, 10 March 1979; 2 killed: tunnel on the East Coast Main Line collapsed during works to increase the loading gauge, killing 2 construction workers. Tunnel abandoned and new alignment cut
01979-03-011 March 197935Naas level crossing, Gloucester, 1 March 1979: 3 killed, 5 injured: waste lorry driver crossed unmanned crossing in front of Cardiff to Newcastle passenger train, train crew and lorry driver killed.[50]
01978-12-1919 December 1978357Between Hassocks and Preston Park, 19 December 1978; 3 killed, 57 injured: preceding train stopped at red signal north of Patcham Tunnel, following train ran into rear; inattention by driver, failure to slow after caution signal then failure to stop at protecting signal showing no aspect due to failure (as per rule book requirements)[citation needed]
01978-07-066 July 19781219Taunton train fire, 6 July 1978; 12 killed, 19 injured: dirty linen stacked against electric heater, (victims died from carbon monoxide poisoning); locked doors.[51]
01976-12-033 December 19761SeveralShippea Hill; a passenger train collided with a lorry on an unmanned level crossing. 1 killed, several injured.[citation needed]
01975-10-2626 October 1975141Lunan Bay; 26 October 1975, Relief engine (40 111) ran into the back of a failed train (10.15 Aberdeen to London (King's Cross)). Confusion over exact location and excessive speed. 1 fatality, 41 injured.[52]
01975-06-066 June 1975667Nuneaton rail crash, 6 June 1975; 6 killed, 67 injured: derailed from excessive speed: temporary speed limit equipment faulty and inattention by driver
01975-02-2828 February 19754374Moorgate Underground rail crash, 28 February 1975; 43 killed, 74 injured: Driver failed to stop for unknown reason, train ran through station at speed into blind end of tunnel.[53]
01975-01-2323 January 1975111Watford Junction rail crash, 23 January 1975; 1 killed, 11 injured: express derailed by a steel stillage that had fallen from a previous freight train; then hit by another express
01974-06-1111 June 197414Pollokshields East, Glasgow, 11 June 1974; 1 killed 4 injured
01973-12-1919 December 19731094Ealing rail crash, 19 December 1973; 10 killed, 94 injured: battery box door fell open, hit lineside equipment which operated points under train.[54]
01973-08-3030 August 1973551Shields Junction near Glasgow, 30 August 1973; 5 killed, 51 injured; collision between two passenger trains followed by fire; no clear cause, although driver possibly suffered heart attack[citation needed]
01972-12-1616 December 1972011Copyhold Junction, just north of Haywards Heath on London to Brighton Line, 16 December 1972; none killed, 11 injured: slow train from Haywards Heath passed signal at danger, moving onto through line from local line and being struck by Victoria-bound fast train.[55]
01972-06-011 June 19726126Eltham Well Hall rail crash, 11 June 1972; 6 killed, 126 injured: excessive speed on curve: driver intoxicated, assistant driver inexperienced and with no route knowledge
01972-05-088 May 197202Chester General Rail Crash station, 8 May 1972; 2 injured: train vacuum brakes not connected to loco leading to runaway freight train (partly fuel oils) hitting empty passenger stock in station, extensive collision and fire damage to rolling stock and fire destroyed part of station roof.[56]
01971-07-022 July 1971226Tattenhall Junction, 2 July 1971; 2 killed, 26 injured: school excursion train derailed; buckled track[57]
01971-03-1313 March 197101Haughley Green, 13 March 1971; 1 injured (driver): power unit of locomotive no. 1562, which had been uprated on an experimental basis, exploded while hauling a Liverpool Street to Norwich express[58]
01970-05-2020 May 1970213Audenshaw Junction rail crash, 20 May 1970; 2 killed, 13 injured: points changed under train; signalman tampered with equipment to speed up working
01969-05-077 May 19696121Morpeth (1969), 7 May 1969; 6 killed, 121 injured: driver inattention, excessive speed on curve
01969-04-088 April 1969230Monmore Green, Wolverhampton, 8 April 1969; 2 killed, 30 injured: freight train struck head-on by a passenger train which accidentally passed a signal at danger; subsequent fire[citation needed]
01969-01-044 January 1969411Marden rail crash, Marden, Kent, 4 January 1969; 4 killed, 11 injured: express passenger train ran past signal at danger in fog and collided with a parcels train[citation needed]
01968-06-1212 June 1968210Sandridge, Hertfordshire, 12 June 1968; 2 killed, 10 injured: fire on diesel multiple unit after gearbox failure damaged fuel tank; poor maintenance[citation needed]
01968-04-1616 April 19685Beckingham, Gainsborough, 16 April 1968; Car hit by train on level crossing situated between Gainsborough Trent junction and Beckingham level crossing, (the crossing has since closed and a by-pass built). All five occupants were killed in the car. The cause was timing issues with the automatic half barrier crossing after the car had stalled on the crossing.
01968-01-066 January 19681127Hixon rail crash, Staffordshire, 6 January 1968; 11 killed, 27 injured: multiple issues resulting from the (then recent) installation of automatic (train operated) un-monitored level crossings by British Rail; express passenger train collided with road-transporter carrying 110-ton transformer.[59]
01967-11-055 November 19674978Hither Green rail crash, 5 November 1967; 49 killed, 78 injured: broken rail, poor track maintenance; derailment at 70 mph.[60]
01967-09-2727 September 1967123Foxhall Junction, Didcot, 27 September 1967; 1 killed, 23 injured: excessive speed through crossover (O. S. Nock was a passenger).[61]
01967-07-3131 July 1967745Thirsk rail crash (1967), 31 July 1967; 7 killed, 45 injured: freight train derailment fouled adjacent track; following train ran into wreckage
01967-07-1717 July 1967013Maidstone East, 17 July 1967; 13 injured: freight train passed a signal at danger and ran into the rear of a stationary passenger train; error by guard resulted in inadequate brake power; excessive speed[citation needed]
01967-03-055 March 1967518Connington South rail crash, Huntingdonshire, 5 March 1967; 5 killed, 18 injured: signal operator wilfully defeated interlocking and moved facing points while passenger train was passing over them
01967-02-2828 February 1967916Stechford rail crash, 28 February 1967; 9 killed, 16 injured: misunderstood hand signal coupled with an unauthorised movement: locomotive moved onto running line in path of oncoming train
01965-12-1717 December 19652Bridgend, 17 December 1965; 2 killed: locomotive derailed due to landslide whilst hauling empty coach train; run into by freight train[citation needed]
01965-01-1111 January 196512Coton Hill rail crash, Shrewsbury, 11 January 1965; 1 killed, 2 injured: driver of goods train failed to obey stop sign, derailed on trap points and crashed through Coton Hill signal box
01964-05-2828 May 19643Cheadle Hulme, 28 May 1964; 3 killed, ?? injured: speed on curve[citation needed]
01964-03-055 March 19642Itchingfield Junction, West Sussex 5 March 1964; 2 killed (crew of up goods): collision between up goods (Brighton to Three Bridges, diverted via Steyning line) which overran signals and down goods (Three Bridge to Chichester).[citation needed]
01963-08-1515 August 196333Knowle and Dorridge rail crash, 15 August 1963; 3 killed, 3 injured: express ran into freight train due to signaller error
01962-12-2626 December 19621834Coppenhall Junction accident, 26 December 1962; 18 killed, 34 injured: express hit express in rear: lineside gear frozen or snow-blocked, driver passed signal as phone was out of order but hit stationary train in next section.
01962-06-033 June 196237Lincoln rail crash, 3 June 1962; 3 killed, 7 injured: speed on curve: relief driver who knew route but unaccustomed to diesel engine exceeded speed limit by 40 mph on curve.
01961-07-1616 July 19617116Singleton Bank rail crash, Lancashire, 16 July 1961; 7 killed, 116 injured: signalman let train enter section of line under engineer's possession; hit ballast train.
01961-02-01February 1961Royton, Greater Manchester, February 1961; runaway train crashed through buffers and demolished a pair of terraced houses[citation needed]
01960-01-2121 January 196059Settle rail crash, 21 January 1960; 5 killed, 9 injured: slide-bar of locomotive fell off due to failed bolts; connecting rod became detached, destroying adjacent track; oncoming goods train derailed into side of passenger train.
01958-08-2525 August 1958540Eastbourne station rail crash, 25 August 1958; 5 killed, 22 serious injuries and 18 minor.
01958-07-044 July 1958045Maze Hill station rail crash, 4 July 1958; 45 minor injuries: Head-on collision.[62]
01958-01-3030 January 195810Dagenham East rail crash, 30 January 1958; 10 killed: passed red signal in fog, rear-end collision
01957-12-044 December 195790173Lewisham rail crash, 4 December 1957; 90 killed, 173 injured: driver missed signals in fog, rear-end collision, then overbridge fell on wreckage.[63]
01957-02-099 February 19572Chapel-en-le-Frith rail crash, 9 February 1957; 2 killed
01957-01-077 January 1957125Welwyn Garden City rail crash (1957), 7 January 1957; 1 killed, 25 injured: signals ignored in fog, rear-end collision with another passenger train.[64]
01955-12-2222 December 1955150Luton accident (1955), 22 December 1955; 1 killed, 50 injured
01955-12-022 December 19551335Barnes rail crash, 2 December 1955; 13 killed, 35 injured: rear-end collision because signalman mishandled block apparatus
01955-11-2020 November 195511157Milton rail crash, 20 November 1955; 11 killed, 157 injured
01955-05-2828 May 1955340Wormit rail crash, 28 May 1955; 3 killed, 40 injured: train derailed at excessive speed in tunnel, overturning onto station platform, deceased were fireman and 2 passengers on footplate[65]
01955-01-2323 January 19551743Sutton Coldfield rail crash, 23 January 1955; 17 killed, 43 injured: train on diversionary route, pilot driver with route knowledge was unfamiliar with type of loco, speed on curve, train strewn over platforms
01954-09-2323 September 195400Banbury to Eastleigh Goods train derailment, 23 September 1954; driver lost control near Whitchurch and engine ran through catch point and down embankment. No one injured.[citation needed]
01953-10-2828 October 195301Goswick derailment 28 October 1953; the Glasgow to Colchester express passenger train was derailed at Goswick and one person was injured.[66][67]
01953-08-1515 August 19531060Irk Valley Junction rail crash near Manchester, 15 August 1953; 10 killed, 60 injured
01953-05-055 May 19536Accident at Ystrad Caron level crossing, Tregaron, Wales, 5 May 1953; 6 killed[68]
01953-04-088 April 195312Stratford tube crash, 8 April 1953; 12 killed: rear-end collision: trains being worked without signals because of damaged signals
01952-10-088 October 1952112340Harrow and Wealdstone railway accident station, 8 October 1952; 112 killed, 340 injured: train ignored signals, rear-end collision, then train the other way ran into wreckage.[69]
01951-09-2121 September 19511526Weedon crash (1951), 21 September 1951; 15 Killed, 26 injured: jammed axlebox caused derailment
01951-03-1616 March 19511217Doncaster rail crash, 16 March 1951; 14 killed, 12 seriously injured and 17 minor injuries. Southbound express to London derailed shortly after leaving Doncaster and struck a bridge.
01950-08-2727 August 19506Penmaenmawr crash (1950), 27 August 1950: 6 killed: Irish Mail sleeper service collides with shunting locomotive[70]
01949-06-2323 June 194907Train fire near Penmanshiel Tunnel on 23 June 1949: two carriages of Edinburgh to King's Cross express had caught fire and were destroyed completely, but all passengers managed to escape
01948-11-3030 November 1948536Stockport Viaduct Train accident (1948) on 30 November 1948: in dense fog. A passenger train from Manchester to Crewe and Disley, which was stationary, was run into by a following passenger train from Manchester to Buxton. Two coaches at the rear of the standing train were telescoped.[71]
01948-04-1717 April 194824Winsford rail accident (1948) on 17 April 1948, 24 people died when the 17:40 Glasgow to London Euston train was stopped after the communication cord was pulled by a passenger (a soldier on leave who presumably lived near Winsford and was seen to leave the train after it had stopped). The stopped train was then run into by a following postal express hauled by LMS Coronation Class 4-6-2 No 6251 City of Nottingham.[72]

1923–1947: The Big Four[edit]

DateKilledInjuredTypeDetails
01947-11-066 November 1947412Motspur Park, 6 November 1947; 4 killed, 12 injured
01947-10-2727 October 194727Goswick rail crash, 27 October 1947; 27 killed: excess speed on diversion turnout because driver had not read a warning notice
01947-10-2424 October 194732183South Croydon rail crash, 24 October 1947; 32 killed, 183 injured: fog caused signalman's error caused rear-end collision.[73]
01947-05-1818 May 1947037Lambrigg Crossing signal box between Grayrigg and Oxenholme, 18 May 1947; express driver missed a signal while looking in his food box, hit light engine: 4 in hospital, 34 minor injuries.[74][75]
01946-02-1010 February 1946217Potters Bar, 10 February 1946; driver error, compounded by signaller's error. A passenger train hit the buffers at Potters Bar station, and the derailed carriages fouled the main line. Two express trains then hit the wreckage. 2 fatalities, 17 injured.[76]
01946-01-011 January 19462021Lichfield rail crash, 1 January 1946; 20 killed, 21 injured
01945-09-3030 September 19454364Bourne End, 30 September 1945; 43 killed, 64 injured: excess speed on turnout
01945-02-044 February 1945226King's Cross railway accident, 4 February 1945; 2 killed, 26 injured: loco slipped to stand in tunnel, train rolled back into station[77]
01944-06-022 June 1944229Soham rail disaster, 2 June 1944; 2 killed, 29 injured: explosion of wagon containing ammunition
01944-03-1313 March 194417Henstridge accident, 13 March 1944; unconfirmed 1 killed, 7 injured: US road transport vehicle crashed through bridge wall onto passing train.[78]
01944-01-1616 January 19449Ilford rail crash (1944), 16 January 1944; nine people killed including the politician Frank Heilgers; signal passed at danger in fog.
01942-02-022 February 19421363Cowlairs East Junction collision, 2 February 1942, 13 killed, 63 injured[79]
01941-12-3030 December 194123Eccles rail crash (1941), 30 December 1941; 23 killed: train passed red signal in fog and wartime blackout, collision on crossing
01941-07-022 July 194156Dolphin Junction, 2 July 1941; 5 killed, 6 injured: signalman failed to notice train.[80]
01940-11-044 November 194027Norton Fitzwarren rail crash (1940), 4 November 1940; 27 killed: driver read wrong signal, drove off end of track.[81]
01940-02-01February 19401Watford, February 1940; 1 killed: landslide, embankment slid onto track.[82]
01937-12-1010 December 193735179Castlecary rail crash, 10 December 1937; 35 killed, 179 injured: whiteout in snowy night and snow blocked points, rear-end collision.[83]
01937-04-022 April 19371017Battersea Park rail crash (1937), 2 April 1937; 10 killed, 17 injured. Signalling error.[84]
01936-01-1515 January 1936210Shrivenham, 15 January 1936; 2 killed, 10 injured: train collided with breakaway wagons.[85][86]
01935-06-1515 June 19351385Welwyn Garden City rail crash, 15 June 1935; 13 killed, 85 injured: rear-end collision caused by signalman's error
01934-09-2828 September 193412Winwick rail crash, 28 September 1934; 12 killed: collision at junction: overloaded signalman, mistake by his assistant lad
01934-09-066 September 1934911Port Eglinton Junction, Glasgow, 6 September 1934; head on collision, 9 killed, 11 seriously injured[87]
01933-05-2525 May 19335Raynes Park, 25 May 1933; 5 killed: train derailed due to uncompleted track maintenance.[88]
01931-03-2222 March 19316Leighton Buzzard, 22 March 1931; 6 killed: train derailed due to driver exceeding speed limit on slow lines.[89]
01930-01-099 January 19301Lawrence Hill, 9 January 1930; 1 killed: rear collision – signalman incorrectly accepted next train.[90]
01929-11-2020 November 19293Combe Down Tunnel accident, 20 November 1929; 3 killed: train crew overcome by smoke in a tunnel, the runaway train crashed into a goods yard.
01929-01-01January 19294Ashchurch January 1929; 4 killed: signal overrun.[91]
01928-10-1313 October 192815Charfield railway disaster, Gloucestershire, 13 October 1928; 15 killed {estimate: 11 known dead}: night mail train hit shunting freight train.[92]
01928-10-099 October 1928114New Tredegar, 9 October 1928; 1 killed, 14 injured: during temporary single-line working, signalman allowed train up to signal which it failed to stop at, colliding with train running the other way (first passenger fatality on GWR since 1916).[93]
01928-07-099 July 19282London Bridge, 9 July 1928; 2 killed: driver of light engine misread signals.[94]
01928-06-2727 June 192825Darlington rail crash, 27 June 1928; 25 killed: head-on collision caused by inexperienced driver's error
01927-08-2424 August 192713Sevenoaks railway accident, 24 August 1927; 13 killed, derailment.[95][96][97]
01927-02-2727 February 1927Penistone, 27 February 1927: engine being run round train obeyed green signal meant for express coming through: collision
01927-02-1414 February 19271224Hull Paragon rail accident, 14 February 1927; 12 killed, 24 seriously injured: Head on collision caused by signalling error.[98]
01926-11-1919 November 19269Parkgate and Rawmarsh railway station 19 November 1926; 9 killed in derailment and collision[99]
01926-08-3030 August 19269Naworth Crossing, 30 August 1926; collision with charabanc on crossing; 9 killed[100]
01924-11-033 November 192414Lytham rail crash, 3 November 1924; locomotive tyre fracture; 14 killed

1830–1922: Pre-grouping[edit]

Before 1830 the Philadelphia (UK) boiler explosion 1815, a boiler explosion of "Brunton's Mechanical Traveller" on a plateway had killed 16 people, mainly sightseers.

DateKilledInjuredTypeDetails
01921-01-2626 January 19211736Abermule train collision, 26 January 1921; 17 killed, 36 injured; head-on collision on single line, inattention to proper procedures.[101]
01919-11-1717 November 1919Crewe, 17 November 1919; passenger train hit buffer stops
01918-01-1919 January 19187Little Salkeld rail accident, 19 January 1918; 7 killed, landslip blocked line.[102]
01917-09-2424 September 191710Bere Ferrers rail accident, Devon, 24 September 1917; 10 killed: New Zealand troops alighted via wrong side and onto track, were hit by another train
01917-01-033 January 191712Ratho rail crash, 3 January 1917; 12 killed.[103]
01916-02-022 February 1916Penistone, 2 February 1916: Penistone end of the viaduct north of station: embankment and end arch fell, and an engine with it
01915-12-1717 December 19151981St Bedes Junction rail crash, 17 December 1915; 19 killed, 81 injured; double collision sent trains down embankment and fire consumed some of the wreckage; procedural failures by driver and signalman.[104]
01915-08-1414 August 19151021Weedon, 14 August 1915; 10 killed, 21 injured
01915-05-2222 May 1915226246Quintinshill rail crash, 22 May 1915; 226 killed (Lt Col Druitt's official report into the accident gives the figure as 227; he gave the number of troops killed as 215 which was later revised downwards by the Battalion to 214), 246 injured: troop train hit local standing train and 2 coal trains; another train hit wreckage: mistakes by signalmen.[105]
01915-01-011 January 191510Ilford rail crash (1915), 1 January 1915; 10 killed, driver missed danger signals.[106]
01914-06-1818 June 1914510Carrbridge rail crash, 18 June 1914; 5 killed, 10 injured: bridge collapsed after torrential rain
01914-06-1717 June 19141Reading 17 June 1914; 1 killed: train passed danger signal.[107]
01914-04-1414 April 1914212Burntisland, Fife, 14 April 1914; 2 killed, 12 injured:[108] Edinburgh to Aberdeen train collided with the Dundee goods train
01913-09-011 September 191314381913 Ais Gill rail accident, 1 September 1913; 14 killed, 38 injured: train passed red signal, rear-end collision; underpowered engines and bad coal.[109]
01913-03-2626 March 191322Chumhill railway accident, 26 March 1913; 2 track workers killed; 2 injured
01912-09-1717 September 191215Ditton Junction rail crash; 17 September 1912; 15 killed.[110]
01911-01-2323 January 191111Pontypridd railway accident, 23 January 1911; 11 killed (rear collision)
01910-12-2424 December 191012Hawes Junction rail crash, 24 December 1910; 12 killed: train hit 2 light engines; too much traffic overloaded signalman.[111]
01910-01-2929 January 19107Coulsdon North (then called Stoats Nest), 29 January 1910; 7 killed
01910-01-011 January 19101Braunton Road railway accident, New Years Day, 1910; 1 track worker killed
01909-04-2121 April 19093Cardiff, Wales, 21 April 1909; 3 killed – (Boiler explosion)
01907-10-1515 October 190718Shrewsbury rail accident, 15 October 1907; 18 killed: derailment, speed on curve.[112]
01907-10-099 October 19072Dore railway station, 9 October 1907; 2 injured; train fouled on points
01907-09-2929 September 1907112Newport rail accident, 29 September 1907; 1 killed, 12 injured: collision[citation needed]
01906-12-2828 December 190622Elliot Junction rail accident, 28 December 1906; 22 killed: collision in blizzard
01906-09-1919 September 19061317Grantham rail accident, 19 September 1906; 13 killed, 17 injured (derailment).[113]
01906-06-3030 June 190628Salisbury rail crash, 30 June 1906; 28 killed (24 passengers, 4 crew): express derailed due to speed on curve, hit milk train.[114]
01905-12-055 December 19056Charing Cross roof collapse, London, 5 December 1905; 6 killed
01905-09-011 September 19051171Witham rail crash, Essex, 1 September 1905; 11 killed (derailment)
01905-07-1010 July 190520Hall Road rail accident, 10 July 1905; 20 killed: electric trains collided
01905-01-1919 January 19057Cudworth, South Yorkshire, 19 January 1905 Collision of two Midland Railway trains with a third, in fog. Seven killed.
01904-12-2323 December 19044Aylesbury station, 23 December 1904; 4 killed (driver, secondman, 2 Royal Mail employees): mail train in fog and dark before dawn; unfamiliar driver went too fast on sharp curve entering station.[115] (The track was relaid afterwards to ease the curve.)
01903-07-2727 July 19031627Glasgow St Enoch rail crash, 27 July 1903; 16 killed 27 injured: train ran into buffer stops
01903-02-2727 February 1903035Leven Viaduct near Ulverston, 27 February 1903; 0 killed 35 injured: Early morning Carnforth to Whitehaven train blown over by high winds after being stopped on viaduct by telegraph wires caught in the engine's ejector.[116]
01900-06-1616 June 1900535Slough rail accident, 16 June 1900; 5 killed, 35 injured. Express passed signal at danger and collided with local train standing in station.
01900-03-2323 March 19007Glasgow,23 March 1900; 7 killed: Collision[103]
01898-10-1717 October 18988Wrawby Junction rail crash (1898), 17 October 1898; 8 killed[117]
01898-09-022 September 1898765Wellingborough rail accident, 2 September 1898; 7 killed 65 injured, luggage trolley fell off platform onto rails and derailed passing express.[118][119]
01898-07-1818 July 189820Acton rail accident, 18 July 1898; 2 killed, 0 injured; "As the 4.15 p.m. up passenger train from Windsor to Paddington, consisting of engine (No. 238) and tender, and 11 passenger vehicles, all fitted with the automatic vacuum brake, was running between Acton West signal cabin and Acton station at about 4.40 p.m., the right-hand inside connecting-rod of the engine broke, and the piece remaining attached to the big-end pierced the fire-box, causing an escape of steam and water through the fire-box onto the footplate. Both the driver and the fireman who jumped off or were thrown off the engine, were so badly scalded before they could escape from the footplate that they died in hospital on the following day." [120]
01898-03-2121 March 1898320St Johns train crash 1898, 21 March 1898; 3 killed, 20 injured; passenger train ran into the back of another passenger train in thick fog due to oversight by signalman.
01897-10-1010 October 189712Penistone station, 10 October 1897; 1 dead, 2 injured: light locomotive collided with a carriage
01897-06-1111 June 189711Welshampton rail accident, 11 June 1897; 11 killed (derailment)
01897-11-1515 November 18972Menheniot, 15 November 1897; reconstruction of Trevido Viaduct: accident raising a heavy timber: 2 killed
01897-02-099 February 189712Menheniot, 9 February 1897; reconstruction of Coldrennick Viaduct: workman's platform fell: 12 killed
01896-08-1515 August 18961Preston, 15 August 1896; 1 killed: excessive speed on curve.[121]
01896-04-066 April 18961Snowdon Mountain Railway, 6 April 1896; 1 killed: derailment from runaway on hill
01894-12-2222 December 189414Chelford rail accident, 22 December 1894; 14 killed: wind blew a truck into path of express
01895-11-1010 November 189516St. Neots Derailment 1895 10 November 1895; 1 killed, 6 injured (broken rail)
01893-08-1212 August 189313Llantrisant rail accident, 12 August 1893; 13 killed (train down an embankment)
01892-11-022 November 189210Thirsk rail crash (1892), 2 November 1892; 10 killed: rear-end collision: mistake by signalman who was very sleepy because of acute family crisis
01892-06-099 June 18925Esholt Junction rail crash, 9 June 1892; 5 killed; two trains collide at the junction, caused by unsafe procedures and a signal obscured by vegetation.
01891-05-011 May 189101Norwood Junction crash, 1 May 1891; one broken ankle: cast-iron under-bridge broke under an express train
01890-11-1010 November 189010Norton Fitzwarren rail crash (1890), 10 November 1890; ten killed
01890-03-044 March 18904Carlisle, 4 March 1890; 4 killed; brakes misapplied.[122]
01889-06-1212 June 188980260Armagh rail disaster, 12 June 1889; 80 killed, 260 injured: runaway carriages collide with following train.[123][2]
01889-03-3030 March 18891manyPenistone (Huddersfield Junction), 30 March 1889; 1 killed, many injured: passenger train engine broke axle and derailed on points. Then a mail train collided slightly with fallen engine.
01887-09-1616 September 18872594Hexthorpe rail accident, 16 September 1887; 25 killed, 94 injured: express ran into stationary race train.[124]
01887-09-01September 1887Penistone, September 1887: engine hit train too hard when backing onto it to couple up
01886-09-011 September 1886020Penistone, 1 September 1886: 20 passengers slightly injured: engine hit train too hard when backing onto it to couple up
01885-01-011 January 18854Penistone (Barnsley Junction), 1 January 1885 4 killed: excursion train passing empty coal train; a coal truck broke axle, derailed, fouled the excursion
01884-07-1616 July 18842460Penistone (Bullhouse Bridge) rail accident, 16 July 1884: 24 killed. 60 injured: engine broke axle, derailed, train fell off embankment.[125]
01884-06-033 June 1884441Downton, Wiltshire, 3 June 1884; 4 killed, 41 injured: derailment caused by excessive speed over poor quality track[126]
01882-12-088 December 188202Penistone station, 8 December 1882: 2 injured: accident during shunting
01882-11-2727 November 18825Inverythan crash, 27 November 1882; 5 killed: bridge fell under train
01882-05-1414 May 18827300Lockerbie, Dumfriesshire, 14 May 1883; a train from Stranraer on the Dumfries, Lochmaben and Lockerbie Railway passed a signal and collided at low speed with an empty goods train on the Caledonian Main Line north of Lockerbie. Some of the goods train's wagons derailed and a southbound mainline express collided with them. Seven people were killed, including the driver and fireman of the express, and 300 were injured.[127]
01881-08-088 August 18817Blackburn, 8 August 1881; 7 killed: Collision[103]
01880-08-1111 August 18808Wennington Junction rail crash, 11 August 1880; 8 killed: derailment.[128][129]
01890-01-1515 January 18909Burscough Junction Station Crash, 15 January 1880; 9 killed[130]
01879-12-2828 December 187975 estimate0Tay Bridge disaster, 28 December 1879; 75 killed (estimate), 60 were confirmed dead. Bridge collapsed under train in a gale
01878-10-1919 October 187813Pontypridd, 19 October 1878; 13 killed after a collision
01877-03-2525 March 1877Morpeth 1877, 25 March 1877; Kings Cross to Edinburgh train derailed on curve whilst travelling at 25 miles per hour.
01876-12-2323 December 18764Rail accident at Arlesey, 23 December 1876; 4 killed after passenger train struck derailed goods train.
01876-08-077 August 187615Radstock rail accident, 7 August 1876: head-on collision on single track: inadequate infrastructure and unqualified staff overloaded by holiday traffic[131]
01876-01-2121 January 187614Abbots Ripton rail disaster, 21 January 1876; 14 killed: rear-end collision: snow stuck slotted signals in clear position.[132]
01875-08-2828 August 1875540Kildwick and Cross Hills rail crash, 28 August 1875, 5 killed, 40 injured
01874-12-2424 December 18743469Shipton-on-Cherwell train crash, 24 December 1874; 34 killed, 69 injured: carriage tyre broke, derailed train on bridge over canal
01874-09-1010 September 18742573Thorpe rail accident, 10 September 1874; 25 killed, 73 injured: head-on collision on single-track line.[133]
01874-01-2727 January 187416Bo'ness Junction rail crash, 27 January 1874 16 killed (express and mineral trains collide)
01873-12-022 December 18731Menheniot, 2 December 1873 – head on collision on single line; 1 driver killed[134]: misunderstood signalman's verbal order
01873-08-022 August 18731330Wigan rail crash, 2 August 1873; 13 killed, 30 injured.[135]
01872-10-022 October 187212Kirtlebridge rail crash, 2 October 1872; 12 killed
01870-12-2626 December 18708Hatfield rail crash (1870), 26 December 1870; 8 killed, carriage wheel failure caused train separation[136]
01870-12-1212 December 18701559Stairfoot rail accident, 12 December 1870; 15 killed, 59 injured (train divided)
01870-12-066 December 1870557Brockley Whins, 6 December 1870; 5 killed, 57 injured[137]
01870-11-2626 November 18707Harrow, 26 November 1870; 7 killed: signal overrun in fog.[138][103]
01870-06-2020 June 187018Newark rail crash, 20 June 1870; 18 killed (excursion train and freight train collided)
01869-10-099 October 18697Long Eaton,9 October 1869; 7 killed: Collision[103]
01869-12-1818 December 18694Dalton Junction rail crash; axle break derails Night Mail, 4 injured slightly
01868-08-2020 August 186833Abergele train disaster, 20 August 1868; 33 killed.[139]
01867-06-2929 June 18678Warrington rail crash, 29 June 1867; 8 killed.[103]
01866-06-099 June 186622Welwyn Tunnel rail crash, 9 June 1866; 2 killed, 2 injured
01865-06-099 June 18651049Staplehurst rail crash, 9 June 1865; 10 killed, 49 injured: train ran over bridge where rails removed for work; bridge broke. Charles Dickens was a passenger.[140]
01865-06-077 June 18651130Rednal rail crash, 7 June 1865, 11 killed, 30 injured; excursion train failed to see warning flag for track maintenance.[141]
01864-12-1414 December 18645Blackheath Tunnel, 16 December 1864, 5 killed.[142]
01864-06-077 June 18647Egham, 7 June 1864; 7 killed: Collision[103]
01863-08-033 August 18637King's Lynn, 3 August 1863; 7 killed: Derailment[103]
01862-10-1313 October 186215Winchburgh rail crash, 13 October 1862; 15 killed (collision in deep cutting)
01861-12-066 December 18611Portswood rail accident, 6 December 1861; 1 killed
01861-09-022 September 186116Kentish Town rail accident, 2 September 1861; 16 killed (passenger and freight trains collide);[143]
01861-08-2525 August 186123176Clayton Tunnel rail crash, 25 August 1861; 23 killed, 176 injured: train hit stationary train in tunnel: needed nonexistent signal "Is second train out of tunnel?".[144]
01861-06-1111 June 18612Wooton Bridge Collapse, 11 June 1861; cast iron girders broke, 2 killed on freight train
01860-11-1616 November 186010Atherstone rail accident, 16 November 1860; ten killed
01860-09-044 September 186011Helmshore rail accident, 4 September 1860; 11 people killed (collision)
7Tottenham station; 20 February; 7 killed, locomotive wheel failure[145]
01860-02-1717 February 18601Gloucester, 17 February 1860: PC William Goatman of the Midland Railway Police dies: hit by goods train while crossing railway lines
01858-08-2323 August 185814Round Oak rail accident, 23 August 1858; 14 killed (divided train)
01857-06-2828 June 185711Lewisham rail crash (1857) in South London, 28 June 1857: 11 people are killed when two trains collide
01855-09-1212 September 185577Reading, 12 September 1855; driver and 7 passengers killed, 7 more seriously injured: head-on collision between light engine running on wrong line and passenger train[146][147]
01853-10-055 October 185318Straffan rail accident, 5 October 1853; 18 killed: collision.[148]
01853-03-044 March 18536Dixon Fold railway station, 4 March 1853; 6 killed, Locomotive wheel failure.[149][150]
01852-07-1212 July 18524a great numberBurnley railway station, 12 July 1852; 4 killed, 'a great number' injured.[151][152]
01852-03-1313 March 18521Bishopstoke rail accident 13 March 1852; driver killed[citation needed]
01851-09-066 September 18516Bicester, Oxfordshire 6 September 1851; 6 killed, train misrouted[153]
01851-06-066 June 18515Falmer, Sussex, 6 June 1851; 5 killed, obstruction by debris[154]
01851-04-3030 April 1851830-40Sutton Tunnel railway accident, Cheshire, 30 April 1851; 9 killed, 30–40 injured
01850-08-011 August 1850510Cowlairs, Glasgow, 1 August 1850; 5 killed, 10 injured[155]
01849-06-2727 June 1849Hemerdon, 27 June 1849; boiler explosion[156]
01849-02-1010 February 18495Rockcliffe, Cumbria, 10 February 1849; derailment, 5 killed[157]
01848-05-1010 May 1848613Shrivenham station, 10 May 1848; 6 killed, 13 injured; express struck horse-box and cattle-van[158][159]
01847-06-055 June 18477Wolverton, 5 June 1847; 7 killed: 'turned into siding'[103]
01847-05-2424 May 18472Southall, 24 May 1847; 2 killed: broken locomotive tyre[160]
01847-05-2424 May 1847516Dee bridge disaster, 24 May 1847; 5 killed, 16 injured: bridge collapsed into the river at Chester[161][162][163]
01846-01-011 January 18461Tonbridge, 1 January 1846; 1 killed (driver): bridge collapsed into River Medway[164]
01845-10-066 October 184500Penistone, 6 October 1845: main line train hit a cow, train derailed, passengers shaken, cow killed.
01844-11-01November 1844015-20Beeston, Nottinghamshire, November 1844, 15–20 injured
01844-10-044 October 1844015Anerley, 4 October 1844; 15 injured
01843-01-066 January 1843Barnsley railway station, later renamed Cudworth on the North Midland Railway, 6 January 1843; luggage train ran into back of the Leeds train in fog."all carriages were smashed to pieces"; the head of the only passenger was "cut completely off"[165]
01841-12-2424 December 1841817Railway accident at Sonning Cutting, 24 December 1841; 8 killed, 17 injured: train ran into landslide caused by heavy rain[166][167]
01841-10-2929 October 18411Hartford, Northwich, 29 October 1841; 1 killed
01841-09-077 September 184106Wootton Bassett, 7 September 1841; 6 injured: train derailed in landslip[168]
01840-11-1010 November 18402Bromsgrove railway station, 10 November 1840; 2 killed; boiler explosion[169]
01840-10-2525 October 184014Faringdon Road, 25 October 1840; 1 killed, 4 injured: driver asleep at controls[170]
01840-08-077 August 18404Howden rail crash, Yorkshire, 7 August 1840; 4 killed: big casting fell from wagon and derailed carriages[171]
01839-07-1212 July 18392Whiston, 12 July 1839; 2 killed.[citation needed]
01838-08-077 August 18381Harrow train accident, 7 August 1838; death of Thomas Port, run over by train[172]
01836-12-033 December 18363Wetheral train accident, 3 December 1836; 3 killed
01833-05-044 May 1833Bagworth, 4 May 1833: collision with farmer's cart on level crossing, led to the invention of the locomotive whistle[173]
01831-04-01April 1831Newton Junction, April 1831: PC Bates of the Liverpool and Manchester railway police force caused an accident when he failed to change a set of points when asleep at his post; he was fined £3 by magistrates for this.
01831-03-2626 March 18311Waverton Lane, near Liverpool, 26 March 1831: On the Liverpool and Manchester Railway, the locomotive "Phoenix" struck a plank of wood laying across the tracks (having been carelessly discarded by some workmen who were repairing the embankment). A lad named Wright, an assistant on the locomotive, was thrown onto the track and the wheels of several of the carriages passed over his head, killing him instantaneously. An inquest returned a verdict of "accidental death".[174][175]
01831-03-2626 March 18311Manchester, 26 March 1831: On the Liverpool and Manchester Railway, a man named Lawrence, an employee of the complany, was walking along the line, when he suddenly fell down over the tracks and a passing train ran him over, nearly severed him in two. He was dead before assistance could he obtained. An inquest returned a verdict of "accidental death".[174][175]
01831-03-2626 March 18311Manchester, 26 March 1831: On the Liverpool and Manchester Railway, a man named Burn, a guard of the company, being drunk, tried to jump aboard a train as it was passing at full speed but fell onto the tracks and had his legs run over, "... crushing them in so dreadful a manner as to render amputation immediately necessary." The reports make the point that the accident was entirely his own fault, "He got upon the train without the knowledge of the superintendent, and it was not known that he had made the attempt until his mangled body was seen lying upon the ground."[174][175]
01830-09-1515 September 18301Parkside, 15 September 1830; William Huskisson was first death on public railway at opening of Liverpool and Manchester Railway when he was run down by Stephenson's Rocket.[176][177][178]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ This total comprises 214 soldiers on the troop train, 9 passengers from the two passenger trains, 3 railway employees and 4 children, believed to be stowaways on the troop train. Col Druitt's official report into the accident gives the figure as 227 (he did not include the 4 children), but he compiled the report very soon after the accident and gave the number of troops killed as 215 which was later revised downwards by the army to 214, the figure which appears on the memorial in the Rosebank Cemetery in Edinburgh.

References[edit]

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  2. ^ a b Currie, J.R.L. (1971). The Runaway Train: Armagh 1889. Newton Abbot: David & Charles. pp. 109, 129–130. ISBN 0-7153-5198-2. 
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  61. ^ Nock & Cooper 1987, pp. 166–16.
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