List of queens regnant

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A list of all known Queens Regnant.

The following is a list of some queens who are well-known from popular writings, although many ancient and poorly-documented ruling queens (such as those from Africa and Oceania) are omitted.

Contents

Africa

North Africa

Algeria

Touggourt

Egypt

Indigenous dynasties
Cleopatra VII
Ptolemaic dynasties

Ptolemy II instituted a new practice of brother-sister marriage when he married his full sister, Arsinoe II. They became, in effect, co-rulers, and both took the epithet Philadelphus ("Brother-Loving" and "Sister-Loving"). Because of this custom many of the kings ruled jointly with their spouses, who were also of the royal house. The only Ptolemaic Queens to officially rule on their own were Berenice III and Berenice IV. Cleopatra VI did co-rule, but it was with another female, Berenice IV. Cleopatra VII officially co-ruled with Ptolemy XIII Theos Philopator, Ptolemy XIV, and Ptolemy XV, but effectively, she ruled Egypt alone

Ayyubid dynasty

Libya

Cyrene

Sudan

Kandake was a title for queens, queen mothers, and queens consort in Nubia, but ruling Kandakes may have included:

Lovedu

South Sudan

Shilluk

Tunisia

West Africa

Benin

Kingdom of Dahomey
Hogbonu

Côte d'Ivoire

Sakassou

Ghana

Akan state of Denkyira
Akan state of Dwaben

Liberia

Niger

Azna
Kokorou

Nigeria

Daura
Igodomigodo
Zazzau

Senegal

Sine
Waalo

Sierra Leone

Koya
Shenge

Central Africa

Angola

Jaga
Matamba
Nzinga, warrior queen of Ndongo and Matamba
Ndongo

Cameroon

Bambui
Bamum

Central African Republic

Republic of the Congo

Kuba

Democratic Republic of the Congo

Kuba

East Africa

Comoros

Ndzuwani (Anjouan)
Bamboa
Itsandra
Bajini
Mwali
Zewditu I, Empress of Ethiopia

Ethiopia

Gibe state of Gera
Gideons Dynasty
Semien

Madagascar

Ambohidratrimo
Behisatra

Somalia

Ifat
Punt
Tumbatu

Uganda

Bunyoro
Nshenyi

Zambia

Kahare

South Africa

Botswana

baNgwaketse

Mozambique

Namibia

Ongandjera
Uukwangali

South Africa

Balobedu

The Modjadji or Rain Queen is the hereditary queen of Balobedu, the people of the Limpopo Province of South Africa. The succession to the position of Rain Queen is matrilineal, meaning that the Queen's eldest daughter is the heir, and that males are not entitled to inherit the throne at all. The Rain Queen is believed to have special powers, including the ability to control the clouds and rainfall.

Batlokwa

America

North America

Panama

Caribbean

Cuba

Haiti

Puerto Rico

Mesoamerica

Guatemala

Naranjo
Tikal

Mexico

Palenque
Tepetlaoztoc
Yaxchilan

South America

Brazil

Ecuador

Asia

East and Central Asia

China

There have been many powerful empress consorts or empress dowagers, some of whom effectively ruled. Powerful empress consorts or empress dowagers were de facto rulers, but not de jure empress regnants. A concubine who gave birth to a crown prince also could become empress consort (皇后), although her status still was a little lower than an empress dowager who had been the former empress consort which will be known as 太后。

However Wu Zetian is the only undisputed empress regnant in the Chinese history, there is one more documented case of a woman holding the title of "Emperor":

Japan

Korea

Silla

Uighur

Uzbekistan

Bukhara
Khokand

Middle East

Afghanistan

Bamiyan

Armenia

Crusader Kingdom of Cyprus

Georgia

Tamar, King of Kings and Queen of Queens of the Georgians

Greater Iran

Elymais
Il Khanate

Iraq

Adiabene

Israel

Judea
Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem

Jordan

Nabatea

Lebanon

Byblos

Saudi Arabia

Qedarite

Syria

Palmyrene Empire
Seleucid Empire

Tanukhids

Turkey

Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia
Caria
Harran
Saltukid dynasty
Trebizond

Yemen

Sulayhid dinasty

South Asia

India

Alupa dynasty
Arakkal dynasty
Holkar dynasty
Jhansi
Kakatiya dynasty
Keladi Nayaka dynasty
Mamluk dynasty
Princely States
Kaikhusrau Jahan Begum
'Sarkar Amma'

The Begums of Bopal were several women who ruled the princely state of Bhopal in Central India in the 19th and 20th centuries.

Ullal

Kashmir

Maldives

Pakistan

Gilgit
Sindh

Sri Lanka

Southeast Asia

Cambodia

Indonesia

Aceh
Bali
Buton
Kalingga
Majapahit
The statue of Tribhuwanottungadewi, queen of Majapahit, depicted as Parvati
Medang

Laos

Lan Xang

Malaysia

Kelantan

Myanmar

Hanthawaddy
Laihka

Philippines

Thailand

Hariphunchai
Pattani
Lanna

Timor

Vietnam

Spanning Asia and Europe

Byzantine Empire

Dardania

Pontus

Sabir

Europe

Maria Theresa, Queen regnant of Hungary, Bohemia[5] and the Holy Roman Empress

Albania

Austria

Bohemia

Bosnia

Croatia

Denmark

Greece

Epirus

Aeacid dynasty

Hungary

Italy

Naples

Sicily

Marcomanni

The Netherlands

Norway

Agder

Poland

Portugal

Russia

Khanate of Qasim

Spain

Navarre

Spain, Aragon, Castile and León

Sweden

United Kingdom, Commonwealth, Great Britain, England, Scotland, Ireland

Ukraine

Kingdom of the Cimmerian Bosporus

Scythians

Oceania

American Samoa

Easter Island

These "queens" are not recognized by the modern historians or the Rapanui people as legitimate rulers, merely the wife and children of the islands resident foreigner Jean-Baptiste Dutrou-Bornier. The term "queen" was only made up by an imaginative French explorer.[7]

French Polynesia

Bora Bora

Huahine

Raiatea

Rimatara

Tahiti

Tahuata

Vaekehu

Taiohae

Hawaii

Ancient

Kingdom

Marshall Islands

Majuro

Mejit Island

New Caledonia

Île des Pins

New Zealand

Rarotonga

Māori

Tonga

Uvea (Wallis)

References

External links