This list includes notable
psychologists and contributors to psychology, some of whom may not have thought of themselves primarily as psychologists but are included here because of their important contributions to the discipline.
Specialized lists of psychologists can be found at the articles on
comparative psychology, list of clinical psychologists, list of developmental psychologists, list of educational psychologists, list of evolutionary psychologists, list of social psychologists, and list of cognitive scientists. Many psychologists included in those lists are also listed below: A [edit ] B [edit ] Arthur J. Bachrach, underwater and extreme environments Alan D Baddeley Renee Baillargeon Ahmed ibn Sahl al-Balkhi Albert Bandura, Social learning theory Russell Barkley Jerome Barkow Dermot Barnes-Holmes Simon Baron-Cohen Deirdre Barrett, dreams and hypnosis Lisa Feldman Barrett Lawrence W. Barsalou Frederic Bartlett Daniel Batson Diana Baumrind Geoffrey Beattie, body language, psychology in sustainable consumption Hubert Benoit Richard Bentall Larry E. Beutler, systematic treatment selection Alfred Binet, intelligence testing Robert Bjork Ray Blanchard, sexology Theodore H. Blau, first practising clinician elected President of APA Stephen F. Blinkhorn Paul Bloom Edmund Bourne Gordon H. Bower John Bowlby, attachment theory Nathaniel Branden, self-esteem, objectivism Franz Brentano Carl Brigham Dennis E. Broadbent Donald Broadbent, Cognitive psychology Urie Bronfenbrenner, Ecological Systems Theory Kelly Brownell Jerome Bruner, child development Emily Bushnell David Buss Brian Butterworth Ruth M. J. Byrne C [edit ] D [edit ] E [edit ] F [edit ] G [edit ] John Gabrieli Gordon G. Gallup, Jr., mirror self-recognition (MSR) test Francis Galton Laszlo Garai Riley Gardner Elmer R. Gates Susan Gathercole Bertram Gawronski Kenneth Gergen, social constructionism Hans-Werner Gessmann, humanistic psychodrama J. J. Gibson Gerd Gigerenzer, bounded rationality Gustave Gilbert Carol Gilligan Fernand Gobet, cognitive psychology Stan Gooch Christian Gostečnik, clinical psychology and marriage-and-family therapist Irving I. Gottesman, behavioral genetics Richard Green, sexology Florence Goodenough Elizabeth Gould James Gross Robert Grosseteste Félix Guattari, founder of schizoanalysis J. P. Guilford Edwin Ray Guthrie Daniel Gilbert, social psychology H [edit ] I [edit ] J [edit ] K [edit ] Jerome Kagan Daniel Kahneman, Nobel Prize in Economics, behavioral finance and hedonic psychology Mieko Kamiya Jacob Robert Kantor, organized scientific values into a coherent system of psychology Rachel and Stephen Kaplan, environmental psychology Alan S. Kaufman Nadeen L. Kaufman Alan Kazdin David Keirsey George Kelly Harold Kelley Otto F. Kernberg Doreen Kimura, sex and cognition Akiyoshi Kitaoka Melanie Klein Brian Knutson Kurt Koffka, co-founder of Gestalt psychology Wolfgang Köhler, co-founder of Gestalt psychology Lawrence Kohlberg, moral psychology Heinz Kohut Arthur Kornhauser, industrial psychologist Stephen Kosslyn Elizabeth Kübler-Ross Fritz Künkel, We-psychology L [edit ] M [edit ] Margaret Mahler, Hungarian, central figure in psychoanalysis. George Mandler Jean Matter Mandler James G. March, cognitive organizational psychology Ruth Marshall Abraham Maslow, Maslow's hierarchy of needs William Masters and Virginia Johnson, sexology Rollo May Rufus May Dan P. McAdams David McClelland James McClelland William McDougall Patrick J McGrath Phil McGraw Rivka Bertisch Meir John Money Peter McGuffin David McNeill George Herbert Mead Jacques Mehler Andrew Meltzoff Ronald Melzack Wolfgang Metzger David E. Meyer Stanley Milgram Alice Miller Munesuke Mita George A. Miller Neal E. Miller, biofeedback Theodore Millon, known for his work on personality disorders Brenda Milner Arnold Mindell, Process Oriented Psychology Walter Mischel Jacob L. Moreno, Psychodrama C. Lloyd Morgan, canon John Morton Orval Hobart Mowrer Georg Elias Muller Henry Murray Hugo Munsterberg N [edit ] O [edit ] P [edit ] R [edit ] S [edit ] Jeanne Safer, psychotherapy Eleanor Saffran Tamaki Saitō Virginia Satir Shlomo Sawilowsky, psychometrics, construct validity for the Multitrait-multimethod matrix Daniel Schacter Stanley Schachter, affiliation studies, Two-factor theory of emotion Roy Schafer K. Warner Schaie Edgar Schein Gunter Schmidt Kirk Schneider, existential-integrative therapy Erich Schröger Walter Dill Scott Martin Seligman, learned helplessness, positive psychology Francine Shapiro, founder of EMDR Tamara Sher Sara Shettleworth Hunter B. Shirley Morita Shoma Volkmar Sigusch Herbert A. Simon, Nobel Prize in Economics Theodore Simon B. F. Skinner, founder of Radical behaviorism Paul Slovic Stanley Smith Stevens Charles Spearman Elizabeth Spelke Sabina Spielrein Robert Sternberg Saul Sternberg Paul Stevenson George M. Stratton, founder of UC Berkeley's department of psychology Harry Stack Sullivan Carl Stumpf William Swann José Szapocznik T [edit ] Ali ibn Sahl Rabban al-Tabari Henri Tajfel, prejudice, social identity Lewis Terman Edward Thorndike, puzzle boxes, Connectionism L. L. Thurstone, pioneer in psychometrics and psychophysics Edward Titchener Edward C. Tolman John Tooby Ellis Paul Torrance Anne Treisman, visual attention, object perception, and memory. Jeanne Tsai Endel Tulving Elliot Turiel, founder of Domain Theory (primary challenge to Kohlberg's stages of moral development) John Turner, collaborated with Tajfel on social identity theory and later developed self-categorization theory Amos Tversky David Tzuriel U [edit ] V [edit ] W [edit ] Henri Wallon, French psychology Hans-Jürgen Walter, founder of Gestalt Theoretical Psychotherapy Brian Wansink Margaret Floy Washburn, first female psychology PhD John B. Watson, Watsonian behaviorism Paul Watzlawick Ernst Heinrich Weber David Wechsler Karl E. Weick, cognitive organizational psychology Robert Weimar Max Wertheimer, co-founder of Gestalt psychology Drew Westen Michael White, founder of Narrative Therapy Ken Wilber, Transpersonal psychology, then Integral psychology Glenn D. Wilson, personality and sexual behaviour Richard Wiseman Gustav Adolf Wohlgemuth Donald Woods Winnicott Robert S. Woodworth Wilhelm Wundt, father of Experimental psychology Karen Wynn X [edit ]
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