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This is a list of individuals, groups of individuals, and companies who have owned and operated a professional sports organization. The list is organized first by sport, then by franchise or team, then by Owner. If an organization has gone through a significant change (e.g. the team has moved and/or changed names), that information is noted after the years of ownership.
[edit ] England [edit ] Arsenal Aston Villa Owned by a large number of shareholders until 1968. Since that time: Doug Ellis (largest single shareholder 1968–1975; majority shareholder 1982–2006) Randy Lerner (2006–present) Chelsea Everton Fulham Liverpool Manchester City Manchester City Limited — The club's holding company; owned by a large number of shareholders until 2007 (see Ownership of Manchester City F.C.). Since then, the holding company has been owned by: Manchester United Newcastle United Stoke City Sunderland Tottenham Hotspur West Ham United Wigan Athletic [edit ] Middlesbrough Steve Gibson (1986–1993 as head of consortium; 1993–present as majority owner) Newcastle United Reading USA [edit ] Chicago Fire Chivas USA Colorado Rapids Columbus Crew Lamar Hunt - (1995–2006) Clark Hunt - (2006–2013) Anthony Precourt (Precourt Sports Ventures LLC) - (2013–Present) D.C. United FC Dallas Houston Dynamo Los Angeles Galaxy Montreal Impact New England Revolution New York City FC New York Red Bulls Philadelphia Union Portland Timbers Real Salt Lake Dave Checketts (SCP Worldwide) - (2004–12) Dell Loy Hansen - (2012–Present) San Jose Earthquakes Seattle Sounders FC Sporting Kansas City Toronto FC Vancouver Whitecaps FC Current Clubs [edit ] Atlanta Silverbacks Majority Owner Traffic Sports USA - (2010-2013) Minority Owners Boris Jerkunica and John Latham - (2010-2013) Henry Hardin & John Hardin (50%) and Boris Jerkunica and John Latham (50%) - (2013–Present) [1 ] [2 ] Carolina RailHawks FC Edmonton Dave Fath and Tom Fath - (2010–Present) Fort Lauderdale Strikers Indy Eleven Ersal Ozdemir - (2013–Present) Minnesota United FC North American Soccer League team owners - (2010-2012) Bill McGuire - (2012–Present) New York Cosmos New York Cosmos LLC - (2012–Present) Ottawa Fury FC Ottawa Sports and Entertainment Group (OSEG) - (2011–Present) San Antonio Scorpions Gordon Hartman - (2011–Present) Tampa Bay Rowdies Majority Owner Bill Edwards - (2013–Present) Minority Owners Andrew Nestor and David Laxer - (2009–Present) [3 ] Planned Expansion Clubs [edit ] Jacksonville Armada FC Sunshine Soccer Group (Majority Owner: Mark Frisch) - (2013–Present) [4 ] Oklahoma City OKC Pro Soccer LLC (Majority Owner: Tim McLaughlin) - (2013–Present) [4 ] Virginia Cavalry FC Loudoun Professional Soccer, LLC - (2012-Present) [5 ] Gate City FC City Soccer, Inc. (Majority Owner: Justin Cox) - (2013-Present) Fiorentina Internazionale Milan Napoli Roma Sampdoria Torino Olympiacos Piraeus Panathinaikos FC Panionios Auto racing owners & team principals [edit ]
This section requires expansion. (January 2007) Formula One team principals [edit ]
(Listed by Constructor)
Caterham F1 Ferrari Force India-Ferrari Lotus F1 Marussia F1 McLaren-Mercedes Mercedes Grand Prix Red Bull-Renault Scuderia Toro Rosso Sauber WilliamsF1 A.J. Foyt Enterprises Andretti Autosport Bryan Herta Autosport Chip Ganassi Racing Dale Coyne Racing Dreyer & Reinbold Racing Dennis Reinbold - (2000-present) Robbie Buhl - (2000-present) Dragon Racing Ed Carpenter Racing KV Racing Technology Panther Racing John Barnes - (1997-present) Jim Harbaugh - (1997-present) Mike Griffin - (1997-present) Courtney Jones - (1997-present) Joe Cain - (1997-present) Rahal Letterman Lanigan Racing Sam Schmidt Motorsports Sarah Fisher Hartman Racing Team Penske NASCAR Sprint Cup team owners [edit ] BK Racing Ron Devine - (2012-present) Wayne Press - (2012-present) Chip Ganassi Racing with Felix Sabates Circle Sport Racing FAS Lane Racing Front Row Motorsports Bob Jenkins - (2005–present) Furniture Row Racing Germain Racing Bob Germain - (2004-present) Hendrick Motorsports HScott Motorsports James Finch - (1990-2013) Harry Scott Jr. - (2013-present) Leavine Family Racing Bob Leavine - (2011-present) Sharon Leavine - (2011-present) Joe Gibbs Racing JTG Daugherty Racing Michael Waltrip Racing Penske Racing Richard Childress Racing Richard Petty Motorsports Roush Fenway Racing Swan Racing Stewart Haas Racing Tommy Baldwin Racing Wood Brothers Racing Baseball franchise owners [edit ]
This section requires expansion. (January 2007) Major League Baseball owners [edit ] Arizona Diamondbacks Atlanta Braves Baltimore Orioles Boston Red Sox Chicago Cubs Chicago White Sox Cincinnati Reds Cleveland Indians Colorado Rockies Detroit Tigers Houston Astros Kansas City Royals Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim Los Angeles Dodgers Charles Byrne, Ferdinand Abell (1883–1890) Charles Byrne, Ferdinand Abell, George Chauncey (1891–1897) Charles Ebbets, Ferdinand Abell (1897–1898) Charles Ebbets, Ferdinand Abell, Harry Von der Horst, Ned Hanlon (1899–1904) Charles Ebbets, Ferdinand Abell, Henry Medicus, Ned Hanlon (1905–1906) Charles Ebbets, Henry Medicus (1907–1912) Charles Ebbets, Ed McKeever, Stephen McKeever (1912–1925) Stephen McKeever, heirs of Charles Ebbets and Brooklyn Trust Company (1925–45) Branch Rickey , Walter O'Malley, Andrew J. Schmitz.  Other minority owners included: John A. Smith, and the heirs of Steve McKeever (1945–1950) Walter O'Malley (1950–1970), majority owner, at 75 percent, with the Mulvey family representing the McKeever interest Peter O'Malley (1970–1997) News Corporation (1998–2005) Frank McCourt (2005–2012) Guggenheim Baseball Partners (2012–) – principal partner Mark Walter; minority partners Magic Johnson, Peter Guber, Stan Kasten, Bobby Patton and Todd Boehly [7 ] Miami Marlins Milwaukee Brewers Minnesota Twins New York Mets New York Yankees William Devery and Frank Farrell, co-owners 1903-1915 Tillinghast L'Hommedieu Huston and Jacob Ruppert, co-owners 1915-1922 [8 ] Jacob Ruppert, sole owner 1922-1939 Heirs of Jacob Ruppert, 1939–1945 Ed Barrow β, team president 1939-1944, chairman 1945 Larry MacPhail β, co-owner, 1945–1947 Dan Topping, co-owner, 1945–64 Del Webb, co-owner, 1945–64 Columbia Broadcasting System, 1964–1973 George Steinbrenner, 1973-2010 (Principal Owner, Chairperson) YankeeNets, 1999-2004 (Formed after a merger of the business operations of the Yankees and New Jersey Nets.) , 2004–present (New name for YankeeNets after the Nets were sold to Yankee Global Enterprises LLC Bruce Ratner. Company owns the Yankees and the YES Network. Hank and Hal Steinbrenner, acting principal owners since 2007, principal owners since 2010) Oakland Athletics Philadelphia Phillies Pittsburgh Pirates San Diego Padres San Francisco Giants Seattle Mariners St. Louis Cardinals Tampa Bay Rays Texas Rangers Toronto Blue Jays Washington Nationals Nippon Professional Baseball owners [edit ]
In Japanese baseball, teams are traditionally owned by companies and bear that company's name. Only one team in recent years has not borne a corporate name—the Yokohama BayStars went without a corporate name from 1993 through 2011 because its owner chose not to attach its name to the team. The company identifier is indicated in
bold type in the owner list. Chiba Lotte Marines Chunichi Dragons Fukuoka SoftBank Hawks Hanshin Tigers Hiroshima Toyo Carp Matsuda family (the founding family of Mazda — about 60%); Mazda (34.2%); other minority shareholders The "Toyo" name comes from the former corporate name of Mazda, Toyo Kogyo. Hokkaido Nippon-Ham Fighters Senators (1946) – Did not use a corporate name. Owned by retired Japanese statesman Kinkazu Saionji. Tokyu Flyers (1947) – (100%) Tokyu Corporation Kyuei Flyers (1948) – To kyu and Dai ei (50-50) Tokyu Flyers (1949–1953) – Tokyu (100%) Toei Flyers (1954–1972) – Toei Company Nittaku Home Flyers (1973) – Not directly owned by a corporation, but bore a corporate name nonetheless. The team was owned that season by Akitaka Nishimura, owner of Nittaku Home. Nippon-Ham Fighters (1974–2003), Hokkaido Nippon-Ham Fighters (2004–present) – Nippon Ham Orix Buffaloes Saitama Seibu Lions Tohoku Rakuten Golden Eagles Tokyo Yakult Swallows Kokutetsu Swallows (1950–1965) – Japanese National Railways, known as Kokutetsu in Japanese Sankei Swallows (brief period in 1965) – Sankei Shimbun Sankei Atoms (1965–1968) – Sankei Shimbun Atoms (1969) – Sankei Shimbun (chose to drop its corporate name from the team) Yakult Atoms (1970–1973), Yakult Swallows (1974–2005), Tokyo Yakult Swallows (2006–present) – Yakult Yokohama DeNA BayStars Taiyō Whales (1950–52) – Taiyō Fishing Company (100%) Taiyō-Shōchiku Robins (1953) – Taiyō and Shōchiku (50-50) Yō-Shō Robins (1954) – Tai yō and Shōchiku (50-50) Taiyō Whales (1954–1977), Yokohama Taiyō Whales (1978–1992) – Taiyō (100%) Yokohama BayStars (1993–2011) – Taiyō changed its name to Maruha Corporation, and chose to drop its corporate name from the team. Yokohama DeNA BayStars (2012–present) – DeNA Yomiuri Giants Basketball team owners [edit ]
This section requires expansion. (January 2007) National Basketball Association owners [edit ] Atlanta Hawks Boston Celtics Walter A. Brown, team founder and original owner (1946–September 7, 1964) Lou Pieri and Marjorie Brown, wife of team founder (September 7, 1964– June 24, 1965) Marvin Kratter/Knickerbocker Brewing Company, subsidiary of National Equities (June 24, 1965 – 1968) Ballantine Brewery, subsidiary of Investors Funding Corporation (1968–1969) Trans-National Communications (1969–1971) Ballantine Brewery, subsidiary of Investors Funding Corporation (1971–1972) Irv Levin and Harold Lipton (April 1972-May 1972) Sale not approved by NBA [9 ] Robert Schmertz/Leisure Technology (May 1972–January 1975) Robert Schmertz/Leisure Technology, Irv Levin, and Harold Lipton (January 1975–November 1975) [10 ] Irv Levin and Harold Lipton (November 1975 – 1978) John Y. Brown, Jr. and Harry T. Mangurian, Jr. (1978–1979) Harry T. Mangurian, Jr. (1979–1983) Don Gaston, Alan N. Cohen, Paul Dupee (1983–1993) Paul Gaston (1993–2002) Boston Basketball Partners L.L.C. — consisting of Wycliffe Grousbeck, Stephen Pagliuca, and H. Irving Grousbeck (2002– present) Brooklyn Nets Charlotte Bobcats Chicago Bulls Cleveland Cavaliers Dallas Mavericks Denver Nuggets Red McCombs (1978-1985) Sidney Shlenker (1985-1989) Peter Bynoe, Bertram Lee, and Comsat Video Enterprises (1989-1997) Liberty Media (1997-2000) Stan Kroenke (2000–present) Kroenke, previously a minority owner of the NFL's St. Louis Rams, acquired full ownership in 2010. Under the NFL's cross-ownership rules, principal team owners are prohibited from owning teams in any other professional sport (except soccer) in a different NFL market. In keeping with NFL rules, he transferred operational control to his son Josh Kroenke in late 2010, and has until December 2014 to divest his interest in the Nuggets. Detroit Pistons Golden State Warriors Houston Rockets Indiana Pacers Los Angeles Clippers Los Angeles Lakers Memphis Grizzlies Miami Heat Milwaukee Bucks Milwaukee Professional Sports and Services, Inc. (aka Milwaukee Pro), headed by Wesley Pavalon and Marvin Fishman (1968–76) Jim Fitzgerald (principal owner, 1976–85) U.S. Senator Herb Kohl (1985-2014) Wesley Edens & Marc Lasry (2014–present) Minnesota Timberwolves Marv Wolfenson and Harvey Ratner (1989-1994) Glen Taylor (1994–present) New Orleans Pelicans George Shinn (100%, 1988–2007; Charlotte/New Orleans Hornets) Shinn (75%) and Gary Chouest (25%) (2007–2010) National Basketball Association (2010–2012) — The NBA purchased the team in December 2010 after a planned sale of Shinn's interest to Chouest fell through. Tom Benson (2012–present) [13 ] Benson is also the owner of the NFL's New Orleans Saints. The NFL's current ownership rules allow NFL team owners to own teams in other sports if the other team(s) are in the same media market. In 2013, Benson announced that the New Orleans Hornets would permanently change their team nickname to the Pelicans. New York Knicks Oklahoma City Thunder Orlando Magic William du Pont III, James Hewitt and Robert Hewitt (1989-1991) Richard DeVos (1991–present) [14 ] Philadelphia 76ers Phoenix Suns Portland Trail Blazers Herman Sarkowsky, Robert Schmertz, and Larry Weinberg (1970–1972) Herman Sarkowsky & Larry Weinberg (1972–1975) Larry Weinberg (1975–1988) Paul Allen (1988–present) Allen is the principal owner of the NFL's Seattle Seahawks. At the time he purchased the Seahawks in 1997, the NFL had a blanket prohibition of cross-ownership (apart from soccer), but the league soon modified the rule to allow NFL owners to own teams in other leagues under either of the following conditions: The other team is in the same market as the owner's NFL team. The other team is in a market without an NFL team, as is the case with Portland. Sacramento Kings Gregg Lukenbill and Joe Benvenuti (1985-1992) Jim Thomas (1992-1999) Maloof family (53%), Bob Hernreich (12%), and other minority investors (operated by George, Joe and Gavin Maloof) (1999-2013) Vivek Ranadive (2013–present) San Antonio Spurs Toronto Raptors Utah Jazz Sam Battistone (1974–1985), New Orleans/Utah Jazz Battistone and Larry Miller (50-50, 1985–1986) Miller (100%, 1986–2009) Greg and Gail Miller (2009–present) Washington Wizards David Trager (1961–1964) — Chicago Packers/Zephyrs, Baltimore Bullets Abe Pollin (majority owner), Earl Foreman, Arnold Heft (1964–68) — Baltimore Bullets Pollin (100%, 1968–1999) — Baltimore/Capital/Washington Bullets, Washington Wizards Pollin (56%) and Ted Leonsis (44%) (1999–2009) Estate of Abe Pollin and Ted Leonsis (2009–2010) Ted Leonsis (2010–present) [edit ] [edit ] Arizona Cardinals Chris O'Brien (1898–1929) — Morgan Athletic Club (Chicago, 1898–1899?), Racine Normals (still in Chicago, 1899?–1901), Racine Cardinals (1901–1921), Chicago Cardinals (1922–1959) Dr. David Jones (1929–1933) Charles Bidwill (1933–1947) Violet Bidwill, later Violet Bidwill Wolfner (1947–1962) — Chicago/St. Louis Cardinals Bill Bidwill and Charles Bidwill, Jr. (1962–1972) Bill Bidwill (1972–present) — St. Louis/Arizona Cardinals Atlanta Falcons Baltimore Ravens Buffalo Bills Ralph Wilson (1960–2014) Estate of Ralph Wilson (2014-present) Carolina Panthers Chicago Bears Cincinnati Bengals Cleveland Browns Dallas Cowboys Denver Broncos Detroit Lions George A. Richards (1934–1940) Fred Mandel (1940–1948) Edwin J. Anderson (1948–1964) William Clay Ford, Sr. (1964–present) Green Bay Packers Houston Texans Indianapolis Colts Jacksonville Jaguars Kansas City Chiefs Lamar Hunt (1960–2006) — Dallas Texans/Kansas City Chiefs Hunt family, led by Clark Hunt (2006–present) Miami Dolphins Minnesota Vikings Bill Boyer, H. P. Skoglund, Max Winter, Bernie Ridder, and Ole Haugsrud (1961–1972) Skoglund, Winter, Ridder, and Haugsrud (1972–1976) Skoglund, Winter, and Ridder (1976–1988) Skoglund, Winter, Ridder, Carl Pohlad, and Irwin Jacobs (1988–1991) Roger Headrick (1991–1998) Red McCombs (1998–2005) Zygi Wilf and family, and Reggie Fowler (2005–present) New England Patriots New Orleans Saints John W. Mecom, Jr. (1967–1985) Tom Benson (1985–present) New York Giants The Mara Family (1925–present; 100 percent ownership, 1925–1991, 50 percent ownership since 1991) The Tisch Family (1991–present; 50 percent ownership) New York Jets Oakland Raiders Limited partnership led by Y. Charles (Chet) Soda (1960) F. Wayne Valley and Ed McGah (1961–1966) Valley, McGah and Al Davis (1966–1976) Al Davis and McGah (1976–1983) - Oakland/Los Angeles Raiders Al Davis (1983–2011) — Los Angeles/Oakland Raiders Mark and Carol Davis (2011–present) Note: This list reflects the actual control of the franchise. The ownership structure is considerably more complicated. Notably, it was reported that Al Davis owned only a 47% stake in the team when he died in 2011, although he exercised near-total control as the president of the team's general partner. His widow Carol and son Mark inherited his interest in the team, with Mark exercising day-to-day control. See the relevant section of the team article for more details. Philadelphia Eagles Pittsburgh Steelers St. Louis Rams San Diego Chargers San Francisco 49ers Tony Morabito, Victor Morabito, Allen E. Sorrell and E.J. Turre (1946) Tony and Victor Morabito (1947–1953) Morabito, Morabito, and Al Ruffo (1953–1957) Josephine Morabito, Victor Morabito, and Ruffo (1957–1964) Josephine Morabito, Elizabeth Morabito, and Ruffo (1964–1977) Eddie DeBartolo, Jr. and Denise DeBartolo York (1977–2000) Denise DeBartolo York and John York (2000–present) Seattle Seahawks Tampa Bay Buccaneers Tennessee Titans Bud Adams (1960–present) — Houston/Tennessee Oilers, Tennessee Titans Washington Redskins [edit ] Hockey franchise owners [edit ] National Hockey League owners [edit ] Anaheim Ducks Boston Bruins Buffalo Sabres Calgary Flames Carolina Hurricanes Chicago Blackhawks Colorado Avalanche Charlie Lyons – 1995–2000 E. Stanley Kroenke – 2000–present As noted in the NBA section, Kroenke must now divest his interest in the Avalanche by December 2014 under NFL rules, as he became the full owner of the St. Louis Rams in 2010. As with the Nuggets, he transferred operational control of the Avalanche to his son Josh Kroenke in late 2010. Columbus Blue Jackets Dallas Stars Detroit Red Wings Edmonton Oilers Florida Panthers Los Angeles Kings Minnesota Wild Montreal Canadiens Nashville Predators New Jersey Devils New York Islanders New York Rangers Ottawa Senators Philadelphia Flyers Phoenix Coyotes Pittsburgh Penguins Jack McGregor and Peter Block – 1965–1968 Donald Parsons – 1968–1971 Peter Block, Elmore Keener, and Peter Burchfield – 1971–1975 National Hockey League – 1975 Al Savill, Otto Frenzel, and Wren Blair – 1975–1976 Al Savill and Otto Frenzel – 1976–1977 Edward J. DeBartolo, Sr. – 1977–1991 Howard Baldwin, Morris Belzberg, and Thomas Ruta – 1991–1997 Howard Baldwin, Morris Belzberg, Thomas Ruta, and Roger Marino – 1997–1999 Mario Lemieux and Ron Burkle – 1999–present San Jose Sharks St. Louis Blues Tampa Bay Lightning Toronto Maple Leafs Vancouver Canucks Washington Capitals Abe Pollin – 1974–1999 Monumental Sports And Entertainment – 1999–present Winnipeg Jets [edit ] Bath Gloucester Owned by a large number of investors until 1997 Tom Walkinshaw (1997–2010) Ryan Walkinshaw (December 2010–present) London Wasps Newcastle Falcons John Hall (1996–1999) Dave Thompson (1999–present) Sale Sharks Brisbane Broncos Melbourne Storm Newcastle Knights South Sydney Rabbitohs Aironi (operated from 2010–12; now defunct) Benetton Treviso Cardiff Blues Connacht, Leinster, Munster and Ulster All are owned and operated by the respective provincial branches of the Irish Rugby Football Union, the sport's governing body throughout the island of Ireland. Newport Gwent Dragons Ospreys Scarlets Zebre (took Aironi's place in the league in 2012) Top 14 (France) [edit ] Brive Daniel Derichebourg [21 ] Derichebourg has put the club up for sale. Castres Perpignan Racing Métro Stade Français Max Guazzini (majority owner, 1992–June 2011); unknown percentage also owned by Christophe Dominici in the last years of Guazzini's ownership Jean-Pierre Savare (majority owner, June 2011–) [24 ] Toulon References [edit ] ^ http://www.nasl.com/index.php?id=3&newsid=6060 ^ http://www.ajc.com/news/sports/silverbacks-have-new-owners/ncP4Y/ ^ http://rowdiessoccer.com/index.php?id=52&newsid=6027 ^ a b http://www.nasl.com/index.php?id=3&newsid=5055 ^ http://nasl.com/index.php?id=3&newsid=3496 ^ "Aaron Cushman". http://media.illinois.edu . Retrieved 2011-03-01. ^ Futterman, Matthew (March 29, 2012). "$2 Billion Dodgers Price Tag Shatters Records". The Wall Street Journal . Retrieved April 15, 2012. ^ "Yankees Timeline". Major League Baseball . Retrieved 2007-06-18. "May 21, 1922: Col. Ruppert buys out Col. Huston for $1.5 million." ^ "Celtics' owner dispute is more confused than ever". . July 22, 1974 The Tuscaloosa News . Retrieved 2010-03-14. ^ "New Owner But Red Is Still Boss of Celts". Lewiston Evening Journal. Jan 14, 1975 . Retrieved 2010-03-14. ^ a b "Magic Johnson sells Lakers shares". ESPN.com. 2010-10-18 . Retrieved 2010-10-19. ^ Shelburne, Ramona (February 19, 2013). "Jerry Buss: A true sports visionary". ESPNLosAngeles.com . Retrieved February 21, 2013. ^ "Tom Benson agrees to buy Hornets". ESPN.com. April 14, 2012 . Retrieved April 15, 2012. ^ "N.B.A. Orlando Team Sold". New York Times. September 20, 1991 . Retrieved May 31, 2013. ^ Yasinskas, Pat (2009-12-17). "Dunn to own piece of Falcons". ESPN.com . Retrieved 2009-12-17. ^ Rosenthal, Gregg (August 2, 2012). "Cleveland Browns' sale to Jimmy Haslam complete". Around the League. National Football League . Retrieved August 20, 2012. ^ http://www.planetrugby.com/story/0,25883,16024_6010504,00.html ^ http://rugby1823.blogosfere.it/2010/06/super-10-e-alla-fine-fu-granducato-parma-rugby.html ^ http://www.sportparma.com/rugby_sport_parma/5924-Rugby-Parma-Noceto-storia-infinita.html ^ http://guide.supereva.it/rugby/interventi/2010/06/la-fusione-tra-rugby-parma-e-noceto-sintomo-di-unepoca ^ a b c Moriarty, Ian (2009-11-11). "French rugby heading for crisis". Scrum.com . Retrieved 2009-11-12. ^ Moriarty, Ian (2013-05-30). "Wilko and Toulon target rare double". ESPN Scrum . Retrieved 2013-05-30. ^ Moriarty, Ian (2010-07-06). "Time to hit the panic button?". Scrum.com . Retrieved 2010-07-06. ^ "Stade Francais secure top flight status". ESPN Scrum. 27 June 2011 . Retrieved 27 June 2011.