This article is a list of prisoner-of-war camps in Germany (and in German occupied territory) during any conflict. These are the camps that housed captured members of the enemy armed forces, crews of ships of the merchant marine and the crews of civil aircraft.
Spandau. Camp for POW working at a chemical factory.
Zossen. A camp 20 miles south of Berlin for British and French troops from India and Africa. The POW were subjected to propaganda urging them to revolt against their "colonial masters" with little result
Havelberg. For 4,500 internees of various nationalities, including nearly 400 British Indians
Minden. A camp three miles from the town with 18,000 men.
Münster. There were four camps: Münster I was outside the city in open farming country, Münster II was at the racecourse, Münster III was a former Army barracks, and Münster IV was reserved for Russian prisoners.
Holzminden. For up to 10,000 civilian internees, mainly Polish, Russian, French and Belgian, and including a small number of Britons. Comprised two camps, one for men, the other for women and children.
Kempten. British prisoners quartered in the hospital there.
XIV Army Corps (Karlsruhe)
Karlsruhe. Two camps; one in the grounds of the Karlsruher Schloss contained naval and, later, aviation officers, the other, the former Europäischer Hof, was known as "The Listening Hotel", and was an interrogation centre.
Ingolstadt. The camps were located in the city fortifications; fortresses 8, 9 & 10. As a camp for persistent escapers, it was the World War I counterpart to Colditz. Documented in the book The Escaping Club by Alfred John Evans.
Czersk. A camp for Russian POWs, to which British prisoners were also later sent.
Danzig (Troyl) The "camp" consists of barges moored on the bank of the Vistula River, each containing from 100 to 500 men. The administration block, kitchen, and other facilities of the camp are on shore. Men from the failed Irish Brigade were sent here.
POW camps run by the Germans during World War II. There were around 1,000 Prisoner-of-War camps in Germany during World War II.
Germany was a signatory at the Third Geneva Convention, which established the provisions relative to the treatment of Prisoners of War.
Article 10 required that PoWs should be lodged in adequately heated and lighted buildings where conditions were the same as German troops.
Articles 27-32 detailed the conditions of labour. Enlisted ranks were required to perform whatever labour they were asked and able to do, so long as it was not dangerous and did not support the German war effort. Senior Non-commissioned officers (sergeants and above) were required to work only in a supervisory role. Commissioned officers were not required to work, although they could volunteer. The work performed was largely agricultural or industrial, ranging from coal or potash mining, stone quarrying, or work in saw mills, breweries, factories, railroad yards, and forests. PoWs hired out to military and civilian contractors were supposed to receive pay. The workers were also supposed to get at least one day a week of rest.
Article 76 ensured that PoWs who died in captivity were honourably buried in marked graves.
Types of Camps
Dulag or Durchgangslager (transit camp) – These camps served as a collection point for POWs prior to reassignment. These camps were intelligence collection centers.
Dulag Luft or Durchgangslager der Luftwaffe (transit camp of the Luftwaffe) – These were transit camps for Airforce POWs. The main Dulag Luft camp at Frankfurt was the principal collecting point for intelligence derived from Allied POW interrogation.
Ilag/Jlag or Internierungslager ("Internment camp") – These were civilian internment camps.
Marlag or Marine-Lager ("Marine camp") – These were Navy personnel POW camps.
Milag or Marine-Internierten-Lager ("Marine internment camp") – These were merchant seamen internment camps.
Oflag or Offizier-Lager ("Officer camp") – These were POW camps for officers.
Stalag or Stammlager ("Base camp") – These were enlisted personnel POW camps.
Stalag Luft or Luftwaffe-Stammlager ("Luftwaffe base camp") – These were POW camps administered by the German Air Force for Allied aircrews.
At the start of World War II, the German Army was divided into 17 military districts (Wehrkreis), which were each assigned Roman numerals. The camps were numbered according to the military district. A letter behind the Roman number marked individual Stalags in a military district.
Stalag II-D was the fourth Stalag in Military District II (Wehrkreis II).
Sub-camps had a suffix "/Z" (for Zweiglager - sub-camp). The main camp had a suffix of "/H" (for Hauptlager - main camp).
Oflag VII-C/H meant this is the main camp.
Oflag VII-C/Z meant this is a sub-camp of a main camp.
Some of these sub-camps were not the traditional POW camps with barbed wire fences and guard towers, but merely accommodation centers.