List of political parties in the United States

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This is a list of political parties in the United States, both past and present.

Parties with federal representation[edit]

Current United States Congressional seats

Political PartiesHouse of RepresentativesSenate
Democratic Party19953
Republican Party23445
Independent02
Vacant20

Congressional leadership of the House of Representatives

PositionRepresentative
Speaker of the HouseJohn Boehner (R)
Majority LeaderKevin McCarthy (R)
Minority LeaderNancy Pelosi (D)

Congressional leadership of the Senate

PositionSenator
President of the SenateJoe Biden (D)
President Pro TemporePatrick Leahy (D)
Majority Leader
Minority LeaderMitch McConnell (R)

The Vice President of the United States has the additional duty of President of the Senate. Because the number of seats in the United States Senate is an even number (two senators per state), it is the Vice President's duty as President of the Senate to cast a tie-breaking vote in the event that "they be equally divided"—an equal number of Senators voting both for and against a motion.

Major political parties[edit]

A party that has "an independent state organization... in a majority of the states"[1] is listed as a major party. An "independent state organization" is not to be confused with an organization of an Independent Democrat or Independent Republican.

Political PartyStates*Founded inFormer TitlesInternational Affiliations
Democratic Party50 + DC1828None
Republican Party50 + DC1854International Democrat Union
Libertarian Party45 + DC[2]1971Interlibertarians[3]
Green Party37 + DC[4]1991Global Greens
Constitution Party37[4]1992U.S. Taxpayers' PartyNone

Minor political parties[edit]

This listing of minor parties does not include independents.

Political PartyFounded inFormer TitlesInternational Affiliations
America First Party*2002
American Conservative Party2008
American Freedom Party2010American Third Position Party
American Populist Party2009
America's Party2008America's Independent Party
Christian Liberty Party*1996American Heritage Party
Citizens Party of the United States2004New American Independent Party
Communist Party USA1919International Meeting of Communist and Workers' Parties
Freedom Socialist Party1966
Independent American Party1998
Justice Party2011
Modern Whig Party2008
National Socialist Movement1974World Union of National Socialists
Objectivist Party2008
Party for Socialism and Liberation2004
Peace and Freedom Party1967
Pirate Party2006Pirate Party International (observer)
Prohibition Party1869
Reform Party of the United States of America1995United We Stand America
Socialist Action1983Fourth International
Socialist Alternative1986Committee for a Workers' International
Socialist Equality Party1966Workers LeagueInternational Committee of the Fourth International
Socialist Party USA1973
Socialist Workers Party1938Pathfinder tendency (unofficial)
United States Marijuana Party2002
United States Pacifist Party1983
Unity Party of America2004
Workers World Party1959

Regional parties[edit]

These parties are based only in states or certain regions and rarely, if ever, offer candidates for national offices. These are all parties that are unaffiliated with national parties. Each state has official state chapters of the major parties as well as some of the minor parties.

Alaska[edit]

Connecticut[edit]

Delaware[edit]

Hawaii[edit]

Michigan[edit]

Minnesota[edit]

New York[edit]

Ohio[edit]

Oregon[edit]

Puerto Rico[edit]

Rhode Island[edit]

U.S. Virgin Islands[edit]

Vermont[edit]

Wisconsin[edit]

Historical parties[edit]

The following parties are no longer functioning; they are listed in order of founding.

Non-electoral organizations[edit]

These organizations do not nominate candidates for election but otherwise function similarly to political parties. Some of them have nominated candidates in the past.

Political PartyFounded inFormer TitlesInternational Affiliations
American Nazi Party1959World Union of Free Enterprise National Socialists
American Reform Party1997
Committees of Correspondence for Democracy and Socialism1991Committees of Correspondence
Communist Voice Organization1995
Democratic Socialists of America1982Socialist International
Freedom Road Socialist Organization (freedomroad.org group)1985
Freedom Road Socialist Organization (frso.org group)1985International Communist Seminar
Fourth International Caucus (faction of Solidarity)1995Fourth International (USFI)
Greens/Green Party USA1991
International Socialist Organization1977
Internationalism1970International Communist Current
Internationalist Group1996League for the Fourth International
Internationalist Workers' Group2002International Communist Tendency
League for the Revolutionary Party1976Communist Organization for the Fourth International
League of Revolutionaries for a New America1993
News and Letters Committees1955
Progressive Labor Party1961Progressive Labor Movement*
Refoundation and Revolution (faction of Solidarity)2002Trotskyist LeagueCoordinating Committee for the Refoundation of the Fourth International
Revolutionary Communist Party, USA1975
Revolutionary Organization of Labor1961Ray O. LightInternational Communist Seminar, International Conference of Marxist-Leninist Parties and Organizations (International Newsletter), International Coordination of Revolutionary Parties and Organizations
Social Democrats, USA1972
Socialist Organizer1991Fourth International (International Center of Reconstruction)
Socialist Workers Organization2001
Solidarity1986
Spartacist League1966International Communist League (Fourth Internationalist)
The Spark1971International Communist Union
U.S. Marxist–Leninist Organization1981
Workers Party2003
World Socialist Party of the United States1916Socialist Party of the United States

Socialist Educational Society

Workers' Socialist Party

World Socialist Movement

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]