List of plants in the Bible

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These plants are mentioned in The Bible. Some gardens are planted with them to make a garden with a Biblical theme - a Biblical garden.

PlantReference
Most likely Rubus sanctus blackberry bush Abraham's Bush (Vitex agnus-castus L.; Lamiaceae)Exodus 3:2
Acacia, Spirale (Acacia raddiana Savi)Exodus 25:10
Acacia, tortilis Acacia, Negev (Acacia gerrardii Bentham subsp. negevensis)Exodus 37:17
Algum Tree traditionally red sandalwood (Pterocarpus santalinus) white sandalwood - Santalum album scandal wood, a few claim it is juniper (Juniperus excelsa [Heb., ’al·gum·mim? (2 Chronicles 2:8; 9:10, 11); ’al·mug·gim? 1 Kings 10:11, 12)]
Almond (Amygdalus communis) [Heb., luz (Ge 30:37); sha·qedh? "keeping awake"Genesis 43:11.
Almug Tree (Pterocarpus santalinus)1 Kings 10:11
Aloe (Aquilaria agallocha)Proverbs 7:17
Maybe but doubtfully, Aloe, Aloe succotrina.Proverbs 7:17
Anemone (Anemone coronaria L.; Ranunculaceae)Matthew 6:28
Anise (Dill) (Anethum graveolens)Exodus 30:34
Apple (Malus domestica.) [Heb., tap·pu?ach]. Arabic is tuffah. To change a p to Letter f in Hebrew there's a dot changed The word itself indicates that which is distinguished by its fragrance, or scent. It comes from the root na·phach?, meaning "blow; pant; struggle for breath." (Gen 2:7; Job 31:39; Jer 15:9) Regarding this, M. C. Fisher wrote: "Relationship [to na·phach?] seems at first semantically strained, but the ideas of ‘breathe’ and ‘exhale an odor’ are related. The by-form puah means both ‘blow’ (of wind) and ‘exhale a pleasant odor, be fragrant.’"-Proverbs 25:11.
Barley (Hordeum spp.)Numbers 5:15
Bdellium (Commiphora africana) - [Heb., bedho?lach].Numbers 11:7
Beans (Vicia faba)Ezekiel 4:9
Box tree (Boxus sempervirens)Isaiah 41:19
Boxthorn (Lycium europaeum)Proverbs 22:5
Bramble (Rubus ulmifolius)Judges 9:15
Cane (Arundo donax)Isaiah 43:24 Jeremiah 6:20
Broom, Spiny (Calycotome villosa (Poiret)Psalm 120:4
Broom, White (Retama raetam (Forssk.) Webb)1 Kings 19:4, Psalm 120:4
Broom, Yellow (Spartium junceum)Psalm 120:4
Bulrush (Typha spp.) or Papyrus (Cyperus papyrus)Exodus 2:3; Job 40:21 ABP, NETS
Burning Bush (Loranthus acaciae)Exodus 3:1, 2
Caper, Desire (Capparis spinosa L.)1 Kings 4:33
Camphire (Lawsonia inermis)
Carob or Locust (Ceratonia siliqua)Luke 15:16; Matthew 3:1
"Cassia" (Cinnamomum iners)Exodus 30, Psalm 45:8, Job 42:14
Castor Oil Tree (Jonah's Gourd) - (Ricinus communis L.)Jonah 4
Cedar of Lebanon (Cedrus libani Loud.)1 Kings 5:10, 2 Kings 19:23
Chamomile (several species)Isaiah 40:6
Chaste Tree (Vitex agnus-castus)Job 40:21 ABP, NETS
Chestnut (Plane Tree) (Platanus orientalis L.)Luke 17:5
Chicory (Cichorium spp.)Numbers 9:9
Cinnamon (Cinnamomum zeylanicum)Proverbs 7:17
Citron (Etrog) (Citrus medica L.)
Cockle (Agrostemma gitago)Isaiah 28:23
Coriander (Coriandrum sativum)Exodus 16:31
Cotton (Gossypium herbaceum)Esther 1:5
Crocus (Crocus sativus)Song of Solomon 4:13
Crown Daisy (Chrysanthemum sp.)Isaiah 40:6
Crown of Thorns (Paliurus spina-christi)Mark 15:15
Cucumber (Cucumis melo)Numbers 11:5
Cumin (Cumimum cyminum)Isaiah 28:27
Cypress (Cupressus sempervirens L.)Isaiah 44:14
Date Palm (Phoenix dactylifera)Song of Solomon 5:11; 7:7, 8, John 12:13
Dill (Anethum graveolens)Exodus 30:34
Dove's Dung (Ornithogalum narbonense)2 Kings 6:25
Fig (Ficus carica L.)Joel 1:7
Fitches (Black Cumin) (Nigella sativa)Isaiah 28:23
Flax (Linum usitatissimum)Proverbs 31:13
Flowers1 Kings 7:26
Frankincense (Boswellia thurifers)Matthew 2:10, 11
Galbanum - Fennel (Ferula galbaniflua)Gospel of Matthew 23:23
Gall (Papaver somniferum)Book of Lamentations 3:19
Garlic (Allium sativum)Numbers 11:5
Grapevine (Vitis vinifera L.)Genesis 9:20
Hemlock (Conium maculatum)Amos 6:12
Henna (Lawsonia inermis L.)Song of Solomon 1:14
HyssopLeviticus 14:52
Incense (Boswellia sacra)Hosea 4:13
Judas Tree (Cercis siliquastrum)Matthew 27:3
Jujube (Ziziphus spina-christi (L.) Desf)Matthew 27:3
Leek (Allium porrum)Numbers 11:5
Lentils (Lens esculenta)2 Samuel 17:28
Lily (Iris palaestina)1 Kings 7:22
Lily Sand (Pancratium maritimum L.)1 Kings 7:19
Linen (Linum usitatissimum)Exodus 35:25
Mallow (Atriplex halimus L.)Job 30:4
Mandrake (Mandragora autumnalis) Bertol)Genesis 30:15
Manna (Alhagi camelorum)Numbers 11:7
Marjorum (Origanum majorana)Leviticus 14:4
MintMatthew 23:23
Mulberry, Black (Morus nigra L.)2 Samuel 5:23-24
Mustard (Brassica nigra)Matthew 13:31
Myrrh (Possible) - (Commiphora abyssinica Engl.)Song of Solomon 4:6
Myrtle (Myrtus communis L.)Isaiah 55:13
Nettles (Acanthus spinosus)Song of Solomon 4:14
Nigella (Nigella sp.)Isaiah 28:26
Nuts/Pistachio - (Pistacia vera L.)Song of Solomon 6:11
Nuts/Walnut (Juglans regia L.)Song of Solomon 6:11
Oak (Quercus calliprinos Webb)Joshua 24:26
Oak (Quercus ithaburensis Decaisne)Joshua 24:26
Oak (Valonia Oak) (Quercus aegilips)Genesis 35:8
Olive (Olea europaea)Judges 9:9
Onion (Allium cepa)Numbers 11:5
Palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.)Song of Solomon 7:8
Aleppo Pine (Pinus halepensis)Isaiah 44:14
Pine
Pine Tree (Abies cilicica)1 Kings, etc.
Plane Tree (Platanus orientalis L.)Ezekiel 31:8
Pomegranate - (Punica granatum)Song of Solomon 7:12 [Heb., rim·mohn?].
Poplar WhitePsalm 137:2
Reed (See also Cane.)Ezekiel 40:vv.; Job 40:21
"Rie" (Rye)Isaiah 28:25
Rockrose PinkGenesis 43:
Rockrose WhiteGenesis 43:11
Rose Wild (Dog Rose)Song of Solomon 2:1
Rue (Ruta graveolens)Luke 11:42
RushIsaiah 9:14
SaffronSong of Solomon 4:14
Sage - (Salvia sp.)Exodus 37:17
Sage Land of Israel - (Salvia palaestina Bentham)Exodus 37:17
Sage Pungent - (Salvia dominica L.)Exodus 37:17
Sage Three-Leafed (Salvia fruticosa Miller)Exodus 37:17
Sage Jerusalem (Salvia hierosolymitana Boiss)Exodus 37:17
Sage Judean (Salvia judaica Boiss)May referred her in Exodus 37:17
Scarlet (Oak)Leviticus 14:48
Sedge (Cyperaceae)Job 40:21 NETS
Spices (Astrangalus tragacantha)2 Chronicles 9:1
SpikenardSong of Solomon 4:14(Nardostachys jatamansi)[Heb., nerd; Gr., nar?dos].
Stacte or Storax (Styrax officinalis or Liquidambar orientalis)Exodus 30:34
Star of Bethlehem (Ornithogalum narbonense)2 Kings 6:25
Sweet Cane (Saccharum officinarum)Jeremiah 6:20
Sweet Flag or Aromatic Cane (Acorus sp.)Isaiah 43:23
Sycamine (Mulberry) (Morus sp.)Luke 17:5
Tamarisk - [Hebrew, ’e?shel].Genesis 21:33(Tamarix aphylla)
Tares thought to mean darnel (Lolium temulentum),[1][2]Matthew 13:24
Terebinth (Pistacia palaestina Boiss)2 Samuel 18:9
Thistle Golden2 Chronicles 25:18
ThistlesJob 31:40
ThornsJeremiah 4:3
Thyine wood - (Tetraclinis articulata)Revelation 18:12
Timber2 Kings 12:12
Tulip SharonMaybe referred to in Song of Solomon 2:1
Vine - Grape (Vitis vinifera)Isaiah 5:1
Walnut - (Juglans regia) - may well have been walnut trees refer inThe Song of Solomon 6:11 Genesis 43:11
Wheat - (Heb., chit·tah?; Gr., si?tos)Ezra 7:22
Wheat, Egyptian, (Triticum compositum) Which is cultivated in ancient Egypt, & can still be encountered there, has several ears per stalk.Ge 41:22, 23.
WillowsJob 40:22
WineProverbs 4:17
Wormwood (Artemisia absinthium)Revelation 8:10
Wreath1 Corinthians 9:25

References[edit]

  1. ^ Liddell H G and Scott R, A Greek-English Lexicon, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1843–1996, under "ζιζάνια". The plural form (Zizania) has in modern times been adopted as the botanical name for wild rice.
  2. ^ Thayer's Lexicon: ζιζάνια

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