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This article is a list of major pharmacies (also known as chemists and drugstores) by country.
Pharmacies in Australia are mostly independently-owned by pharmacists, often operated as franchises of retail brands offered by the three major pharmaceutical wholesalers in Australia: Australian Pharmaceutical Industries (API), Sigma Pharmaceuticals, and Symbion Health. A minority of pharmacies are owned by friendly societies, particularly in Victoria and South Australia.
These are the biggest drugstore companies in Brazil by revenue:
The key players in the drugstore industry in China are:
In Denmark, all pharmacies are owned by the Association of Danish Pharmacies and controlled by the state. There are two pharmaceutically-trained groups with a higher education in the Danish pharmacies: pharmaconomists (Danish: 'farmakonomer') and pharmacists (farmaceuter). There are also pharmacy technicians (defektricer) who have a vocational training and unskilled laborers/workers (servicemedarbejdere) who perform manual labour.
Germany is the biggest pharmacy market in Europe with €35 billion, or $46 billion, of revenue each year. In Germany, pharmacies are known as "Apotheken". Like France, they are all independently-owned by pharmacists, and like France, there are no pharmacy chains. In hindsight to consumer protection, German law bans chains of Apotheken, but generally allows self- employed pharmacists to individually operate a maximum of four outlets, all of which must be in close proximity.
Other types of retailing are strongly opposed to offer the same types of services as an Apotheke. These retailers would not have the necessary expertise to provide proper patient care and this has been upheld by the European Court of Justice in its ruling of May 2009. Traditionally in Germany, drugs were not discountable and the entire trade with pharmaceuticals was limited to the single channel of the Apotheke. In 2004 however, the health care reform law GMG[disambiguation needed] allowed free pricing of OTC- products. This led to a significant decrease of OTC- prices in competitive areas. Internet and mail-order purchasing of drugs has also become an alternative, however it only accounts for about 5% of German pharmaceutical trade.
Online pharmacy DocMorris has been introducing the first, licence based chain pharmacy model in Germany in 2007 (as opposed to the current Independent pharmacy model). Alongside their brand, they are offering standardized services in their pharmacies, whilst they do not operate or own them. They also offer discounted OTC products. Besides this model, German pharmacies are for the most part organized in wholesaler- based cooperations like LINDA,[disambiguation needed] gesund leben-Apotheken (de), meine apotheke (de) or vivesco. These cooperations are offering discounts in purchasing and support e.g. in Marketing.
DocMorris CEO Ralf Däinghaus claims the German system to be monopolistic because government sets the profit margin that drug makers, wholesalers and pharmacists are allowed to make, resulting in strongly invariant price levels at all traditional outlets- even though most of the 21,500 pharmacies in the country are run independently. Traditional German pharmacists respond that a strategy of generally discounting pharmaceuticals may push people to use more drugs and would be against the general principles of health and customer protection.
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South Africa also has active Pharmaceutical Society of Southern Africa and South African Association of Hospital and Institutional Pharmacists membership organisations.
The table below shows the Top 25 Pharmacy chains in the United States per state ranked by the number of pharmacists per chain, according to the National Pharmacy Market Summary done by SK&A 2010.
|1||Walgreens Corporate Office||Deerfield||IL||10,578||8,500|
|3||Walmart Stores Inc||Bentonville||AR||6,358||3,700|
|4||Rite Aid Corporation||Camp Hill||PA||5,523||4,608|
|7||Kaiser Permanente (HMO)||Oakland||CA||1,298||290|
|8||Sears Holdings Corporation||Hoffman Estates||IL||1,169||1,002|
|9||Medicine Shoppe International||Earth City||MO||943||564|
|10||Supervalu Pharmacies||United States||US||900||450|
|10||Dominick's Finer Foods||Pleasanton||CA||888||719|
|15||Giant Eagle Pharmacy||Pittsburgh||PA||403||187|
|16||Meijer Pharmacies||Grand Rapids||MI||344||167|
|17||Cardinal Health Inc||Houston||TX||320||131|
|18||H E B Drug Stores||San Antonio||TX||315||191|
|20||Stop & Shop Supermarket Co||Quincy||MA||303||235|
|21||Giant Food Stores Llc||Carlisle||PA||297||204|
|22||Shopko Stores Inc||Green Bay||WI||288||131|
|23||Fred Meyer Pharmacy Division||Portland||OR||276||127|
|24||Smith's Food & Drug Centers Inc||Salt Lake Cty||UT||268||132|
|25||Shoprite Supermarkets Inc||Florida||NY||236||153|
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