List of pharmacies

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This article is a list of major pharmacies (also known as chemists and drugstores) by country.

Australia[edit]

Pharmacies in Australia are mostly independently owned by pharmacists, often operated as franchises of retail brands offered by the three major pharmaceutical wholesalers in Australia: Australian Pharmaceutical Industries (API), Sigma Pharmaceuticals, and Symbion Health. A minority of pharmacies are owned by friendly societies, particularly in Victoria and South Australia.

API brands[edit]

Sigma brands[edit]

Symbion brands[edit]

Chains[edit]

Brazil[edit]

These are the biggest drugstore companies in Brazil by revenue:

Canada[edit]

China[edit]

The key players in the drugstore industry in China are:

Denmark[edit]

In Denmark, all pharmacies are owned by the Association of Danish Pharmacies and controlled by the state. There are two pharmaceutically trained groups with a higher education in the Danish pharmacies: pharmaconomists (Danish: 'farmakonomer') and pharmacists (farmaceuter). There are also pharmacy technicians (defektricer) who have a vocational training and unskilled laborers/workers (servicemedarbejdere) who perform manual labour.

Germany[edit]

Germany is the biggest pharmacy market in Europe with €35 billion, or $46 billion, of revenue each year. In Germany, pharmacies are known as "Apotheken". Like France, they are all independently owned by pharmacists, and like France, there are no pharmacy chains. In hindsight to consumer protection, German law bans chains of Apotheken, but generally allows self-employed pharmacists to individually operate a maximum of four outlets, all of which must be in close proximity.

Other types of retailing are strongly opposed to offer the same types of services as an Apotheke. These retailers would not have the necessary expertise to provide proper patient care and this has been upheld by the European Court of Justice in its ruling of May 2009. Traditionally in Germany, drugs were not discountable and the entire trade with pharmaceuticals was limited to the single channel of the Apotheke. In 2004 however, the health care reform law GMG[disambiguation needed] allowed free pricing of OTC- products. This led to a significant decrease of OTC- prices in competitive areas. Internet and mail-order purchasing of drugs has also become an alternative, however it only accounts for about 5% of German pharmaceutical trade.

Online pharmacy DocMorris has been introducing the first, licence based chain pharmacy model in Germany in 2007 (as opposed to the current Independent pharmacy model). Alongside their brand, they are offering standardized services in their pharmacies, whilst they do not operate or own them. They also offer discounted OTC products. Besides this model, German pharmacies are for the most part organized in wholesaler- based cooperations like LINDA,[disambiguation needed] gesund leben-Apotheken (de), meine apotheke (de) or vivesco. These cooperations are offering discounts in purchasing and support e.g. in Marketing.

DocMorris CEO Ralf Däinghaus claims the German system to be monopolistic because government sets the profit margin that drug makers, wholesalers and pharmacists are allowed to make, resulting in strongly invariant price levels at all traditional outlets- even though most of the 21,500 pharmacies in the country are run independently. Traditional German pharmacists respond that a strategy of generally discounting pharmaceuticals may push people to use more drugs and would be against the general principles of health and customer protection.[3]

Hong Kong[edit]

India[edit]

India's retail pharmacy sector is beginning to consolidate into a group of large players, many of them owned by larger health groups and/or franchised.[4]

Ireland[edit]

Israel[edit]

Jordan[edit]

Macau[edit]

Malaysia[edit]

Mexico[edit]

Republic of Moldova[edit]

Netherlands[edit]

Pharmacies in the Netherlands are mostly independently owned by pharmacists. In 2011, 31% of all pharmacies were part of one of the following chains:[6]

New Zealand[edit]

Norway[edit]

An Apotek 1 pharmacy in Oslo, Norway

Pakistan[edit]

Peru[edit]

Philippines[edit]

Poland[edit]

Puerto Rico[edit]

South Africa[edit]

South Africa also has active Pharmaceutical Society of Southern Africa[9] and South African Association of Hospital and Institutional Pharmacists membership organisations.

Sweden[edit]

Taiwan[edit]

Thailand[edit]

United Kingdom[edit]

Pharmacy-led chains[edit]

Supermarket chains[edit]

United States[edit]

Although not a pharmacy chain, many of the fairly ubiquitous Costco stores include a pharmacy and - in California at least - the pharmacy is available to non-members. Their prices are likely to be among the lowest

Ranking[edit]

The table below shows the Top 25 Pharmacy chains in the United States per state ranked by the number of pharmacists per chain, according to the National Pharmacy Market Summary done by SK&A 2010.[12]

Top 25 Pharmacy chains ranked by the number of Pharmacists
RankPharmacy ChainsCityStatePharmacistsStores
1Walgreens Corporate OfficeDeerfieldIL10,5788,500
2CVS CorporationWoonsocketRI10,1516,288
3Walmart Stores IncBentonvilleAR6,3583,700
4Rite Aid CorporationCamp HillPA5,5234,608
5Kroger CompanyCincinnatiOH1,8661,156
6Target CorpMinneapolisMN1,4361,011
7Kaiser Permanente (HMO)OaklandCA1,298290
8Sears Holdings CorporationHoffman EstatesIL1,1691,002
9Medicine Shoppe InternationalEarth CityMO943564
10Supervalu PharmaciesEden PrairieMN900450
11Dominick's Finer FoodsPleasantonCA888719
12Publix PharmaciesLakelandFL835710
13Costco PharmaciesIssaquahWA589323
14Hy-Vee IncWdmIA563202
15Winn-Dixie PharmaciesJacksonvilleFL461390
16Giant Eagle PharmacyPittsburghPA403187
17Meijer PharmaciesGrand RapidsMI344167
18Cardinal Health IncHoustonTX320131
19H E B Drug StoresSan AntonioTX315191
20Fred's IncMemphisTN315259
21Stop & Shop Supermarket CoQuincyMA303235
22Giant Food Stores LlcCarlislePA297204
23Shopko Stores IncGreen BayWI288131
24Fred Meyer Pharmacy DivisionPortlandOR276127
25Smith's Food & Drug Centers IncSalt Lake CtyUT268132
26Shoprite Supermarkets IncFloridaNY236153

Pharmacy chains[edit]

Defunct chains[edit]

Vatican City[edit]

Vietnam[edit]

Pharmacy chains[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.chemistwarehouse.com.au/
  2. ^ http://www.qualitypharmacy.com.au/
  3. ^ Kaku, Michio (2012-06-10). "German entrepreneur fights regulations to build pharmacy chain". International Herald Tribune. Retrieved 2014-01-21. 
  4. ^ "FLIGHT OF PHARMA RETAIL FROM UNORGANISED TO ORGANISED". Franchise India. Retrieved 2014-05-17. 
  5. ^ "HealthWest Community Pharmacy, Ballindine, Co. Mayo". Healthwest.ie. Retrieved 2013-07-04. 
  6. ^ "Lichte toename aantal apotheken — SFK Website" (in Dutch). Sfk.nl. Retrieved 2014-01-21. 
  7. ^ generika.com.ph
  8. ^ [1]
  9. ^ "Pharmaceutical Society of South Africa". PSSA. Retrieved 2012-11-03. 
  10. ^ "Boots Thailand". Allianceboots.com. 2013-03-31. Retrieved 2013-07-04. 
  11. ^ "England | Manchester | Supermarket starts store GP pilot". BBC News. 2008-03-03. Retrieved 2014-01-21. 
  12. ^ National Pharmacy Market Summary SK&A (March 2010)[dead link]
  13. ^ "Nha Thuoc Online". Pharmacity.vn. Retrieved 2013-07-04.