List of people with the most children

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This article lists people who have parented the most children.

Contents

Lists[edit]

Mothers[edit]

This section lists mothers who have parented the most children.

# ChildrenMother/CoupleNotes
69Mrs. and Mr. Feodor VassilyevVassilyev and his first wife, whose name is unknown, holds the record for most children a couple has parented. She gave birth to a total of 69 children. She gave birth to 16 pairs of twins, 7 sets of triplets and 4 sets of quadruplets between 1725 and 1765, in a total of 27 births. 67 of the 69 children born were said to have survived infancy.[1][2]
57Mrs. and Mr. Yakov KirillovThe first wife of peasant Yakov Kirillov from the village of Vvedensky gave birth to 57 children in a total of 21 births. She had 4 sets of quadruplets, 7 sets of triplets and 10 sets of twins. All of the children were alive in 1755, when Kirillov, aged 60, was presented at Court.[3]
55Leontina (Espinosa) and Gerardo Secunda AlbinaLeontina Albina (b. 1926) married in Argentina in 1943 and gave birth to her 55th registered child in San Antonio, Chile, in 1981, aged 55.[4] She claimed to have more 9 children born, but none of them was registered.[5] Gerardo Secunda Albina (b. 1921) stated that and they had 5 sets of triplets (all boys) before coming to Chile. 11 children were lost in an earthquake. Only 40, 24 boys and 16 girls, survived.[6]
52Maddalena GranataMaddalena Granata (b. 1839) of the City of Nocera, who married at age 28, had given birth to 52 living and dead children, 49 being males, by 1886. Dr. de Sanctis, of Nocera, stated that she had 15 sets of triplets.[7][8]
42Elizabeth and John MottElizabeth Mott of Monks Kirby, Warwickshire, married in 1676 and produced 42 live-born children. She died in 1720.[9]
41Alice HookesAccording to the inscription on a gravestone in Conway Church cemetery, Gwynedd, North Wales, Nicholas Hookes (d. 1637) was the 41st child of his mother Alice Hookes, but there were no further details.[10]
39Elizabeth and William GreenhillThomas Greenhill was the last child of 39 by his mother Elizabeth (1615 - 1681) and William Greenhill.[11] The family consisted of 7 sons and 32 daughters.[12] Not only is this a large number of live newborns but unusual in that apart from one pair of twins they were single births.
35Mrs. and Mr. HarrisonMrs. Harrison, the wife of an undertaker residing in Vere Street, London, gave birth to her 35th child by one husband in 1736.[13]
33Mary and John JonasMary Jonas (1814 - 1899) gave birth to 33 children, including 15 sets of boy-girl twins.[14] All were christened, but few achieved adulthood. 10 children were still alive when their father John died in 1892.[15]
32Moddie and Perccell OliverMrs. Moddile M.Oliver, aged 50, wife of a Lumberton, N. C., sharecropper, who had already mothered 32 children, was expecting her 33rd in 1959. 22 children were alive at that moment. It was not revealed if the 33rd child was born or not.[16]
32Maria Addolorata CasaliniMrs. Casalini (b. 1929) of Brindisi, Italy, married at 17 and gave birth to her 32nd child on November 11, 1970. She had, in 23 confinements, two sets of quadruplets, one of triplets, one of twins and 19 single births. Only 15 children survived.[17]
32Madalena and Raimundo CarnaubaMadalena Carnauba of Ceilandia, Brazil, married at 13 and gave birth to 32 children, 24 sons and 8 daughters.[18]
32Maria Benita OliveraMrs. Olivera (b. 1939) of San Juan, Argentina, gave birth to her 32nd child on 31 Jan 1989. All children were believed to be alive at that time.[19] She was married twice, and during 32 years of her marriages she had a set of triplets (born at age 13) and two sets of twins.[20]
30Rebecca TownMrs. Town (1807 - 1851) of Keighley, Yorkshire, had 30 children, but only one reached age 3.[21]
28Mabel MurphyMrs. Murphy (b. 1898) of Lisnaskea, Co. Fermanagh, N. Ireland was reported to have produced 28 children (12 stillborn) in 32 years of marriage by December 1949, but this claim has not been fully substantiated.[22]
25Lapa Piagenti and Giacomo di BenincasaTheir 23rd child was Saint Catherine of Siena.[23]
25Ada WatsonMrs. Watson (1886 - 1974) of Cambridge gave birth to 25 children, including 3 sets of twins, during the period 1904 - 1931. All of the children attained majority.[24]
24Woman from Isle of Sky, ScotlandWoman married to a clergyman in Isle of Sky, Scotland, had 24 children, according to 1970's reference Guinness Book of Records.[citation needed]
24Kathleen ScottMrs. Scott (b. 4 July 1914) of Dublin gave birth to her 24th child on 9 Aug 1958. Twenty of her children were still alive in 1990.[25]
24Marcella S. (Mills) Big Crow and James M. Big Crow Sr.Marcella Mills-Big Crow (1924-1989) of Pine Ridge, South Dakota had 24 children, including 8 pairs of twins. Five of them died in infancy.[26]
23Queen Darejan and King Heraclius II of GeorgiaThey had a total of 23 children, 13 of whom lived to adulthood.
23Tabatha Marcum and Silas MainordMarried in 1811, they lived in Overton County, Tennessee and produced 23 children. One of their daughters, Syreana, later became the mother of 17.[27]
23Grace BagnatoGrace Bagnato and her husband had 23 children; 9 of these were conceived in order to compete for a bequest by a Toronto eccentric, in what became known as the Great Stork Derby.[28]
22Marie Massicotte and Philippe DontignyBorn between 1888 and 1915 at Champlain, Québec; 14 of the children died in infancy. There were no multiple births.[29]
22Mabel ConstableMrs. Constable (b. 1920), of Long Itchington, Warwicks, gave birth to 22 children, including a set of triplets and two sets of twins.[30]
22Margaret McNaughtMrs. McNaught (b. 1923), of Balsall Heath, Birmingham, gave birth to 22 children, 12 boys (2 of them died in infancy) and 10 girls, all single births.[31]
21Olivia (Whitmore) and Arthur GuinnessGuinness was an Irish brewer. Only ten of their children lived to adulthood.[32]
21Anna and Henry Crocker18 of their children lived to adulthood.[33]
20Marie Verrault and Pierre Edouard CauchonBorn between 1853 and 1882 at Château-Richer, Québec, 16 of the children in infancy, and one as a young adult. There were no multiple births.[29]
20Rose Alma and Roland LetendreThe youngest died as a result of birth injury. All the children were born in Drummondville, Quebec, Canada. The combined age of the mother (94) and 19 children (72–50) adds up to 1256 years as of August 25, 2012.[34]
20The mother of Maria Goncales MoreiraNot much is known about this case except the fact that she had 10 sets of twins. Her daughter also has 10 sets of twins (see below).[35]
20Maria Goncales MoreiraMrs. Moreira of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, gave birth to her 10th set of twins (identical boys) on July 3, 1984. Her other twins were 16 girls and 2 boys. She delivered the first at age 13. Her mother also has 10 sets of twins.[35]
20Jessie CampbellMrs. Campbell (b. 1946) of Struan, Isle of Skye, Scotland, gave birth to her 20th child on 22 Jan 1990.[36]
20Leonora and Yanosh NameniLeonora Nameni gave birth to her 20th child in 2011, at the age of 41, becoming the most prolific mother in Ukraine. The Nameni family of 10 sons and 10 daughters lives in a village in West Ukraine.[37]
19Marie Hébert and Jean-Baptiste Brodeur dit LavigneBorn between 1713 and 1739 at Varennes, Québec, 11 of the children died in infancy. There were no multiple births.[29]
19Michelle and Jim Bob DuggarThe family is the subject of the reality TV show, 19 Kids and Counting.[38]
19Jose Luis Barrera and Adela Barrera Vargas19 total children, 14 lived to adulthood.[citation needed]
19Susannah (Annesley) and Samuel Wesley10 of their children lived to adulthood.[39]
19Kelly and Gil BatesFriends of Jim Bob and Michelle Duggar. The family is the subject of United Bates of America.
18Ellen and John Currie18 total children born between 1932 and 1955. 14 survived to adulthood. She gave birth to 4 pairs of twins.[citation needed]
18Claudia Maria da SilvaClaudia Maria da Silva, an unemployed woman from Sao Paolo, southeast Brazil, gave birth to her 18th child in 2007, aged 40. The father of the newborn girl was only 15 years old, a friend of one of Maria's sons. Da Silva said she had been aware of contraception methods but chose never to use them, and gave birth to her first child at age 11. Since then she has been pregnant 27 times and has had nine abortions. Of her 18 children, only three were living with her.[40]
18Fatma and Mehmet SaygiFatma Saygi of Adana, Turkey, gave birth to her 6th set of triplets in 2004, at the age of 28. Eight children from previous pregnancies were alive at that moment.[41]
18Livia and Alexandru IonceLivia Ionce gave birth to her 18th child, a girl, in British Columbia in 2008, at the age of 44 when their other 17 children, 9 girls and 8 boys, were from 20 months to 23 years old. Ionces immigrated to Canada from Romania in 1990. Alexandru Ionce said he did not know if they would have more children.[42]
17Elizabeth (Morris) and Vladistoff Skeminski17 children total, six lived to adulthood.[citation needed]
17Juliana of StolbergShe had 5 children with her first husband Philip II, Count of Hanau-Münzenberg and 12 with her second husband William I, Count of Nassau-Dillenburg.
17Maria and Ivan MendeleevFamous Russian chemist and inventor Dmitri Mendeleev was 17th child of his parents. Eight of his siblings died in infancy and one sister died form tuberculosis aged 14.[43]
17Syreana Mainord and Allen Brock HullThey lived in Overton County, Tennessee and produced 17 children. One son of their son William Pascal Hull was polititan Cordell Hull.[27]
17Ruth and Chalmers MontgomeryMrs. Montgomery gave birth to her 17th child in 1950. 14 of her children were alive at that time.[44]
17Unidentified couple from MelbourneA woman from Melbourne who already had 12 children, gave birth to naturally-conceived quintuplets in 2010, at the age of 48. One of the quints died soon after birth.[45]
17Zynaida and Vladimir ChernenkoA family from Rancho Cordova, California, celebrated the birth of their 17th child in 2005. 11 children were born in Ukraine, before the family moved to the U.S.[46]
16Maria Theresa and Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor13 survived infancy.
16Angel AdamsA dozen of her children lived with her in a motel room. These children have now been put into foster care.[47]
16Florence and John Dooley16 children, 14 survived infancy. Married in Chicago in 1910, they had 9 boys and 5 girls born between 1912 and 1937. Florence Dooley was profiled in a 1985 Lisle Sun newspaper article for her 90th birthday. She died in 1995 at age 101, and John Dooley died in 1976 at age 91.[48]
16Christi and David CasonDavid and Christi Cason of Lake Elsinore, California have 16 children (17th child due 10-25-2013), 9 boys and 7 girls, 6 losses.[49]
16Gertrude MarkhamGertrude Markham from Linconshire delivered 16; 11 of the 12 who were born alive, achieved adulthood.[citation needed]
16Mary and John WagnerFrom Defiance, Ohio; all their children lived well into adulthood and produced 71 grandchildren.[50]
16Sue and Noel Radford16 children currently, the last being born in November. The Radfords are amongst the largest families in modern Britain and support themselves by their family-run bakery. They live in a 10-bedroom converted nursing home; the children run from 4 months to 23 years old.[51]


Fathers[edit]

This section lists fathers who have fathered the most children, usually with many different women. In most cases, fathers who have parented large numbers of children can be attributed either to polygamy or sperm donation. Numbers in italics are inexact.

# ChildrenFatherNotes
888Ismail Ibn SharifAlaouite sultan, said to have fathered 525 sons and 342 daughters with multiple wives and concubines.[52]
300–600Bertold WiesnerFertility doctor, used his own sperm to impregnate customers between 1943 and 1962.[53] He was the father of Eva Ibbotson.
210King Sobhuza IIKing of Swaziland, lived 1899–1982; thought to have had 70 wives.
177Sultan Ibrahim NjoyaKing of Bamum in Cameroon, lived 1860–1933, and thought to have had ‘around 600’ wives; he was said to have had 149 children by December 1915.[54]
162Ramesses IIEgyptian pharaoh; see also: List of children of Ramesses II.
160+Ancentus AkukuThis Kenyan polygamist, full name Ancentus Ogwella Akuku, known as ‘Danger’, lived 1916–2010; he married ‘more than 100 times’ and had fathered ‘at least 160 children’ when he married his final wife in 2000.[55] An unsubstantiated article from the East African Standard claimed 210 children: 104 daughters and 106 sons, by some 130 wives.[56]
158Jack KigongoLived in Kateera, Uganda, 1909–2012; he had 20 wives, and when he died aged 103, around 500 grandchildren.[57]
150Anonymous sperm donorOne of the US sperm donors was found to have produced at least 150 children.[58]
142Emperor Minh MangReported to have had 142 children.[59]
121Winston BlackmoreLeader of the Mormon fundamentalist sect called the Blackmore/Bountiful Community,[60] fathered children through as many as 25 wives.[61]
106–115Saud of Saudi ArabiaKing Saud, son of Ibn Saud of Saudi Arabia, lived 1902–1969; according to one source he had 52 sons and about 54 daughters from ‘a wider range of women’ than his father (who only had 22 wives);[62] however, another source credited him with 115.[63]
108+Fath-Ali Shah QajarThe second Shah of the Qajar dynasty of Iran, Fath-Ali (1772–1834), had 48 daughters and 60 sons ‘who survived infancy’, as a result of the 160+ marriages by which he had consolidated his control over the country. Many of his descendents went on to become prominent figures.[64]
<100Augustus JohnThe Welsh painter is widely reported to have fathered ‘up to 100 children’, mostly outside marriage, although some believe that this figure is greatly exaggerated.[65]
94Ziona ChanaLeader of a polygamist sect in the Mizoram state of India, has 94 children with 39 wives, as well as 33 grandchildren.[66]
87Feodor VassilyevFeodor Vassilyev, a peasant from Shuya, Russia, had 69 children with his first wife and 18 with second. 84 of his kids survived to adulthood.[67]
49–89Goel RatzonJewish cult leader and Messiah claimant, born in 1951; in 2010 he reportedly had ‘21 wives’, with whom he had fathered 49 children (CNN data), or ‘more than 30 wives’ and 89 children (Time magazine data). The statistics came to light when he was charged with enslavement and rape.[68][69]
77ChulalongkornKing Chulalongkorn, Thailand’s fifth monarch; he had 92 consorts during his lifetime who produced 77 children, of which 33 were sons and 44 were daughters.
75Ibn Saud of Saudi ArabiaKing Abdulaziz, the first monarch of Saudi Arabia, lived 1876–1953; he had 45 recorded sons and about 30 daughters from 22 wives and concubines; by 2001 he had 2,500–3,500 direct descendants.[62]
75Screamin' Jay HawkinsRock and roll singer. 57 confirmed children, possibly as many as 75.[citation needed]
75Cecil Byran JacobsonFertility doctor suspected of fathering as many as 75 children by impregnating patients with his own sperm.
74Ben SeislerBen Seisler, who spent three years donating sperm to a Virginia sperm bank to offset law-school expenses, recently learned that his donations have produced 74 children.[70]
72Ramon RevillaFilipino actor and former senator, fathered children through 16 different women.[71]
65Heber C. KimballFirst Counselor of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, fathered children through 17 of his 43 wives.
65Rulon JeffsPresident of the Fundamentalist Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, fathered children through as many as 75 wives.[72]
60Warren JeffsPresident of the Fundamentalist Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, fathered children through as many as 70 wives.[72]
57Brigham YoungPresident of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, fathered children through 16 of his 55 wives.
55Kangxi EmperorChinese emperor, lived 1654–1722; he fathered 35 sons and 20 daughters from numerous wives and concubines.
54+Mohammed bin Awad bin LadenYemeni emigrant to Saudi Arabia, married 22 times and fathered at least 54 children.[73] Osama bin Laden is believed to have been his 17th son.
50Jean-Bedel BokassaDictator of the Central African Republic, lived 1921–1996; had 17 wives.
49Gennadij RaivichThe neuroscientist Professor Gennadij Raivich, born in 1963, is believed to have fathered 49 children by sperm donation, advertised through unlicensed websites.[74]
45Orson PrattOrson Pratt (Sr.), polymath, and an apostle of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, lived 1811–1881; he fathered 45 children through his ten wives.
30–45Idi AminDictator of Uganda, lived 1925–2003; he had 17 wives.
43Anonymous sperm donorDanish sperm donor, who fathered 43 children at 14 different IVF clinics in 10 different countries, passed on a genetic disorder to at least five children born from IVF procedures. The man was allowed to continue donating sperm, despite Danish national rules restrict donations to 25 times.[75]
42Lorenzo SnowPresident of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, fathered children through his 9 wives.
41Friedrich von KahlbutzA minor Prussian nobleman, lived 1651–1702; he fathered 11 children by his wife, and 30 by peasant women in his domain.[76] His mummy is preserved in a church in Neustadt in Brandenburg.
40+Joseph KonyUgandan warlord, born in 1961; reported to have 88 ‘wives’.
35+King Abdullah of Saudi ArabiaThe present King Abdullah of Saudi Arabia, born in 1924; he has fathered at least 35 children to date, by thirteen wives.[77]
34John TaylorPresident of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, fathered children through his seven wives.
33Wilford WoodruffPresident of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, fathered children through his five (possibly 6) wives.
32Albert Emund BarlowA follower of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints living in Utah, he was arrested at 52 for polygamy in 1955.[78] He was said to have fathered 32 children through his three wives.
31Benjamin ClarkA cousin of the explorer William Clark fathered 31 children by his two wives; seven of them died in infancy.[79]
30+Omar BongoPresident of Gabon, lived 1935–2009; number of wives not recorded.
30Miles Park RomneyMormon and great-grandfather of Mitt Romney, fathered 30 children with five wives;[80] he married the last in 1890, just before the 1890 Manifesto.
30Tom GreenMormon fundamentalist, fathered children through with ten women.[81]
26Henry I of England3 legitimate children by his first wife, 23 acknowledged illegitimate children.
25Dr. Samuel AnnesleySusanna Wesley was the 25th of his children.
24Robert I, Duke of ParmaFathered 24 children with his two wives, 12 from each marriage.
24Desmond HatchettFathered 24 children, according to Knox County, Tennessee Juvenile Court records. A Los Angeles Times article and Memphis television station WREG erroneously reported that he fathered 30 children.[82]
23King Mswati IIIKing of Swaziland, born 1968; he has 14 wives (as of 2012).
22+Jacob ZumaPresident of South Africa, born in 1942; he has fathered at least 22 children to date, with five wives and some others out of wedlock; some sources claim 24 children.
22Ed RudolphFathered 22 children, one of them being 3-time gold winning Olympic athlete Wilma Rudolph.[83]
22Richard Lovell EdgeworthAn Anglo-Irish politician, who fathered 22 children with four wives.
22James II of EnglandThe children were born between 1660 and 1692. Of these, 15 were legitimate: eight by his first wife, Anne Hyde, and seven by his second wife, Mary of Modena.
21John VI, Count of Nassau-DillenburgFathered children with 3 wives.
21Carlos GracieMartial arts practitioner, lived 1902–1994; number of wives not recorded.
21Nanu Ram JogiIndian farmer, fathered 21 children with 4 wives. He was the world’s oldest father when he fathered his 21st child at the age of 90.[84]
20CharlemagneEmperor of the Franks, lived 742–814; fathered 20 children with three wives and five concubines, between 757 and 807.
20Johann Sebastian BachGerman composer, lived 1685–1750; fathered children with two wives.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Marie M. Clay. Quadruplets and Higher Multiple Births.; Mac Keith Press, London, 1989. ISBN 0-521-41223-4; Feodor Vassilyev: a case of remarkable fecundity. pp. 96–97
  2. ^ Mark C. Young. The Guinness Book of World Records 1998. Bantam Books, 1998. ISBN 0-553-57895-2; page 357
  3. ^ The Prolongation of Life, page 6
  4. ^ "Scientific Support for Scriptural Stories", page 75
  5. ^ CURIOSITIES: World's most prolific moms
  6. ^ The Guinness Book of Records 1988, page 13
  7. ^ Anomalies and Curiosities of Medicine, Part 2, page 156
  8. ^ The Guinness Book of Records 1988, page 14
  9. ^ The Guinness Book of Records (1988), page 13
  10. ^ The Guinness Book of Records 1988, page 13
  11. ^ The Guinness Book of Records (1986), page 12
  12. ^ Bannerman, B.W. (1904). Miscellanea Genealogica Et Heraldica: Third Series. Vol 5. Mitchell Hughes and Clarke ISBN 978-1-4021-9409-2 page 298
  13. ^ Mockett's Journal (1836), page 23
  14. ^ Guinness Book of World Records 1979, page 32
  15. ^ Some Notable Memorials in the Overleigh Cemetery
  16. ^ Jet, 14 May 1959, page 44
  17. ^ Guinness Book of World Records (1972), page 25
  18. ^ New Guinness Book of Records (1970), page 17
  19. ^ The Guinness Book of Records 1990, page 11
  20. ^ Jet, 7 Sep 1987, page 19
  21. ^ The Guinness book of records 1988, page 13
  22. ^ The Guinness Book of Records 1989, page 13
  23. ^ Skårderud, Finn (2008). Holy anorexia: Catherine of Siena. Oslo: Tidsskrift for norsk psykologforening. p. 411. 
  24. ^ The Guinness Book of Records 1988, page 13
  25. ^ The Guinness Book of Records 1990, page 11
  26. ^ James M. Big Crow Sr. (b. 18 Oct 1918, d. 15 Jul 1973)
  27. ^ a b A Family With Twenty-Three Children
  28. ^ Orkin, Mark M. Millar, Charles Vance, The Canadian Encyclopedia online, retrieved 17-Apr-2009
  29. ^ a b c Drouin Collection (accessible from FamilySearch.org, Ancestry.com, or GenealogieQuebec.com)[unreliable source?]
  30. ^ New Guinness Book of Records (1975), page 15
  31. ^ The Guinness book of records 1988, page 13
  32. ^ D. Wilson, Dark and Light (Weidenfeld, London 1998) ISBN 0-297-81718-3
  33. ^ 10 Women Who Gave Birth to Most Children
  34. ^ The Oldest Living Family on the Earth: The Letendre Family from Drummondville[unreliable source?]
  35. ^ a b Kentucky New Era - Jul 7, 1984, page 5
  36. ^ The Guinness book of records 1991, page 10
  37. ^ Ukraine's most prolific mum Leonora Nameni, 41, gives birth to 20th child
  38. ^ "Family Scrapbook". Jim Bob & Michelle Duggar Family. Retrieved January 3, 2012. [unreliable source?]
  39. ^ The Village that Changed the World: A History of Newington Green London N16 by Alex Allardyce. Newington Green Action Group: 2008.[full citation needed]
  40. ^ Mulher dá à luz 18º filho no Interior de SP
  41. ^ Birth bounty as woman claims six sets of triplets
  42. ^ British Columbia's most prolific mother gives birth to #18
  43. ^ Mendeleev's biography in Russian wiki
  44. ^ Wonam Gives Bith to 17th Child The Pittsburgh Press, Dec 3, 1950
  45. ^ Mother, 48, who already has TWELVE children gives birth to quintuplets after conceiving naturally
  46. ^ California family has 17 children
  47. ^ Tampa woman with 16 kids gets pretrial intervention in police battery case
  48. ^ Richard L. "Dick" Dooley obituary[unreliable source?]
  49. ^ The Cason family blog
  50. ^ Barber Genealogy website[unreliable source?]
  51. ^ "Baby number 16 and I want more"
  52. ^ "Some magical Moroccan records". Guinness World Records. Guinness World Records Limited. March 3, 2008. Retrieved March 20, 2010. 
  53. ^ Martin Fricker, "Grand daddy: Sperm donor scientist may have fathered 1,000 babies at clinic he ran", Mirror, 8 April 2012.
  54. ^ Gorges E.H. (1930) The Great War in West Africa, Hutchinson & Co. Ltd., London; Naval & Military Press, Uckfield, 2004: ISBN 1-84574-115-3
  55. ^ BBC News report on Ancentus Akuku marrying his (approximately) 100th wife, 29 February 2000
  56. ^ Unverified article from the East African Standard, on the death of Ancentus Akuku in 2010[unreliable source?]
  57. ^ UPI report of Ugandan man with 158 children
  58. ^ One Sperm Donor, 150 Offspring
  59. ^ Minh Mang
  60. ^ The Primer, Helping Victims of Domestic Violence and Child Abuse in Polygamous Communities: Fundamentalist Mormon Communities (PDF), Utah Attorney General’s Office and Arizona Attorney General's Office, June 2006, retrieved June 29, 2010 
  61. ^ ctv.ca (June 30, 2009). "B.C. polygamist wedded nine girls under 18". CTV BC. Retrieved 30-Jun-2009. 
  62. ^ a b Sabri S. (2001) ‘The House of Saud in Commerce: A Study of Royal Entrepreneurship in Saudi Arabia’, I.S Publications Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi: 323 pp.
  63. ^ Milmo, Cahal (3 January 2012). "The Acton princess calling for reform in Saudi Arabia: Royal runs campaign for change in her homeland from a suburb in west London". The Independent. Retrieved 21-Jun-2012. 
  64. ^ Children of Fath Ali Shah Qajar
  65. ^ Darren Devine, Last illegitimate son of Augustus John on life with ‘King of Bohemia’, Wales Online, 9 March 2012
  66. ^ "The world's biggest family: The man with 39 wives, 94 children and 33 grandchildren". Daily Mail (London). 
  67. ^ Guinnes World Records - Most Prolific Mothe Ever
  68. ^ CNN report of rape and enslavement charges against Goel Ratzon
  69. ^ Time World profile of Goel Ratzon
  70. ^ Super-dad fathers 74 children
  71. ^ "Shocking crime stirs interest in Agimat's prolific life". GMA News (Philippines). November 4, 2011. 
  72. ^ a b Wade Goodwyn, Howard Berkes and Amy Walters, "Warren Jeffs and the FLDS Church", NPR, 2005-05-03.
  73. ^ Bin Ladin, Carmen (2005), Inside the Kingdom: My Life in Saudi Arabia, Hachette Book Group, pp. 65–66, ISBN 0-446-61694-X 
  74. ^ Good Samaritan or sex abuser? The professor who has fathered 49 children for strangers, Daily Mail, 3 May 2013
  75. ^ Sperm-donor father of 43 children passed on genetic disorder
  76. ^ Daddy to 41 gains fame as a mummy, article in Deseret News, 21 April 1991 accessed 4 July 2013
  77. ^ "King Abdullah of Saudi Arabia". Asian History. 1 August 2005. Retrieved 23 October 2011. 
  78. ^ 3 Wives, 32 Children, Charged to Utah Man, article in The Fort Scott Tribune, 2 November 1955, accessed on 4 July 2013
  79. ^ The Clarks and Their descendents on the University of Virginia website, accessed 4 July 2013
  80. ^ Article from Le Monde on Ann Romney, 2 May 2012
  81. ^ Usborne, David (May 16, 2001). "Mormon with five wives faces first trial for polygamy". The Independent (London). 
  82. ^ Lakin, Matt (May 31, 2012). "Magistrate: He's prolific, but Knoxville dad doesn't really have 30 kids". Knoxville News Sentinel (Knoxville, Tenn.). 
  83. ^ http://www.guardian.co.uk/sport/blog/2012/jun/01/50-stunning-olympic-moments-wilma-rudolph/
  84. ^ "World's oldest father has 21st child at 90". Daily Mail (London). August 22, 2007.