This is a list of notable individuals who have been diagnosed with
autism, Asperger syndrome (AS), or another condition on the autism spectrum. Due to the fluctuating and imprecise criteria for the diagnosis of Asperger syndrome and autism, even a formal diagnosis cannot be taken as certain proof that person has a condition on the autism spectrum. Many public figures have been retrospectively diagnosed as autistic by clinicians, academics, and biographers. The reliability of such diagnoses, and their acceptance among the general medical, scholarly, and historical communities vary wildly. Asperger syndrome [edit ] Syed Talha Ahsan, British poet and awaiting trial on terrorism-related allegations [1 ] Danny Beath, award-winning British landscape and wildlife photographer [2 ] Henry Bond, writer and photographer [3 ] Susan Boyle, British singer and Britain's Got Talent finalist. [4 ] Phillipa "Pip" Brown (aka Ladyhawke), indie rock musician [5 ] Michael Burry, US investment fund manager [6 ] Lizzy Clark, actress and campaigner [7 ] William Cottrell, student sentenced for fire-bombing SUV dealerships [8 ] Paddy Considine, actor [9 ] Johnny Dean, singer/songwriter of Britpop band Menswear [10 ] James Durbin, finalist on the tenth season of American Idol [9 ] Robert Durst, American real estate developer accused of murder [11 ] Tim Ellis, Australian magician and author [12 ] Brian A. Gutierrez, State of California Councilmember [13 ] Daryl Hannah, actress [14 ] Dan Harmon, screenwriter and creator of . Community [15 ] Peter Howson, Scottish painter [16 ] Luke Jackson, author [17 ] Heather Kuzmich, fashion model and reality show contestant on America's Next Top Model [18 ] Adrian Lamo, American computer hacker [19 ] Adam Lanza, Sandy Hook Elementary Massacre shooter [20 ] Clay Marzo, American professional surfer [21 ] Gary McKinnon, computer hacker who broke into high-security military and government sites [22 ] Travis Meeks, lead singer, guitarist and song writer for acoustic rock band Days of the New [23 ] Les Murray, Australian poet [24 ] Robert Napper, British murderer [25 ] Ari Ne'eman, American autism rights activist [26 ] Jerry Newport, American author and mathematical savant, basis of the film Mozart and the Whale [27 ] Craig Nicholls, frontman of the Australian alternative rock band, The Vines [28 ] Tim Page, Pulitzer Prize-winning critic and author [29 ] Dawn Prince-Hughes, Ph.D., primate anthropologist, ethologist, and author [30 ] Nicky Reilly, failed suicide bomber from Britain [31 ] John Elder Robison, author of Look Me in the Eye [32 ] Vernon L. Smith, Nobel Laureate in economics [33 ] Raymond Thompson, New Zealand scriptwriter and TV producer [34 ] Aleksander Vinter, Norwegian musician who produces under the alias Savant. [35 ] Liane Holliday Willey, author [36 ] Alan Wilson, Musician, Primary Composer, Singer, Guitarist, and Leader of the Blues-Rock band Canned Heat [37 ] [38 ] Adam Young, multi-instrumentalist, producer and the founder of the electronic project Owl City [39 ] High-functioning autism [edit ] High-functioning autism is an informal term, not an official diagnostic category. Compared to diagnostic criteria for the official ASDs, descriptions of HFA tend to align most closely with Asperger syndrome. Autism spectrum [edit ] Amanda Baggs, advocate of rights for autistic people [48 ] Marty Balin, singer and songwriter with Jefferson Airplane and Jefferson Starship [49 ] Lucy Blackman, university educated author [50 ] Luca Brecel, Belgian professional snooker player. [51 ] Martin Bryant, Australian Port Arthur Mass Shooter [52 ] Tony DeBlois, blind American musician [53 ] Jessica-Jane Applegate, Paralympic swimmer [54 ] Todd Hodgetts, Paralympic shot putter [55 ] James Hobley, British dancer and 2011 Britain's Got Talent finalist [56 ] Jonathan Jayne, contestant on American Idol [57 ] Bhumi Jensen, grandson of Bhumibol Adulyadej, King of Thailand [58 ] Christopher Knowles, American poet [59 ] Leslie Lemke, blind American musician [60 ] Jonathan Lerman, American artist [61 ] Jason McElwain, high school basketball player [62 ] Thristan Mendoza, Filipino marimba prodigy [63 ] Tito Mukhopadhyay, author, poet, and philosopher [64 ] Derek Paravicini, blind British musician [65 ] James Henry Pullen, gifted British carpenter [66 ] Matt Savage, U.S. jazz prodigy [67 ] Birger Sellin, German author [68 ] Henriett Seth F., Hungarian autistic savant, poet, writer and artist [69 ] Daniel Tammet, British autistic savant [70 ] 50 Tyson, rapper and autism activist [71 ] Richard Wawro, Scottish artist [60 ] Stephen Wiltshire, British architectural artist [72 ] Not on the autism spectrum [edit ] The late Kim Peek, one of the people used as the basis for the movie , Rain Man [60 ] was once thought to be autistic, but his diagnosis has now changed. [73 ] A 2008 study concluded that Peek probably had [74 ] FG syndrome, a rare genetic syndrome linked to the X chromosome which causes physical anomalies such as hypotonia (low muscle tone) and macrocephaly (abnormally large head). [75 ] See also [edit ] References [edit ] ^ "London family's concern for terror suspect Talha Ahsan". BBC News. 2013-04-10 . Retrieved 2013-05-25. ^ "In pictures: Award-winning photographer Danny Beath remembered". BBC. 2013-02-01 . Retrieved 6 April 2013. ^ Bond, Henry. "What autism can teach us about psychoanalysis", , 2012-04-16, accessed 2012-04-17. The Guardian ^ "Susan Boyle reveals Asperger's Syndrome diagnosis". BBC News. 2013-12-08 . Retrieved 2013-12-08. ^ Lester, Paul (2008-09-11). "Asperger's, allergies and aubergines". London: guardian.co.uk . Retrieved 2008-09-17. ^ Michael Lewis, "Betting on the Blind Side," , Vanity Fair, April 2010, p.183 ^ Hill, Amelia (2009-11-15). "Mentally disabled actors are victims of modern 'blacking-up', says campaigner". (London). The Observer ^ "Caltech student's arson convictions are overturned in SUV bombings". Los Angeles Times. 2009-09-10 . Retrieved 2014-03-19. ^ a b  ^ "Johnny Dean profile". ^ "The Mysteries of Robert Durst". truTV . Retrieved 2009-04-02. ^  Magic Magazine article, published September 2007 ^ "Q&A: Nominated by California State Senate Rules Committee and Appointed by Governor Edmund H. Brown Jr.". ^ "Daryl Hannah blacklisted by Hollywood". The Boston Globe. 2010-02-13. ^  ^ Deveney, Catherine (11 March 2007). "Autistic temperament". Scotsman.com. Archived from the original on October 12, 2007 . Retrieved 2007-11-08. ^ "Ouch! Columnists, back to school". bbc.co.uk. 10 November 2007. Archived from the original on July 15, 2006 . Retrieved 2007-11-08. ^ Parker-Pope, Tara (2007-12-04). "Asperger's Syndrome Gets a Very Public Face". The New York Times (The New York Times Company) . Retrieved 2007-12-04. ^ Poulsen, Kevin (May 20, 2010). "Ex-Hacker Adrian Lamo Institutionalized for Asperger’s". Wired . Retrieved May 23, 2010. ^ "Don’t Blame Adam Lanza’s Violence On Asperger’s". Time. ^ "Feat of Clay" . Retrieved 2009-01-11. ^ "Gary McKinnon profile: Autistic 'hacker' who started writing computer programs at 14". London: telegraph.co.uk. 2009-01-23. ^ "Days Of The New Bio". ^ "A Conversation with Les Murray" . Retrieved 2012-04-29. ^ Sean O'Neill and Adam Fresco "Inside the mind of Robert Napper", The Times, 18 December 2008. ^ Claudia Kalb (15 May 2009). "Erasing Autism". The Daily Beast . Retrieved 12 August 2012. ^ "Jerry & Mary Newport" . Retrieved 2009-09-10. ^ McLean, Craig (March 5, 2006). "Stop making sense". London: Guardian.co.uk . Retrieved 2007-11-08. ^ Tim Page: ^ "Professor's talk details autistic life". The Western Front. Western Washington University. 2005-11-22 . Retrieved 2007-11-08. ^ Fresco, Adam (2009-01-31). "Nicky Reilly Muslim convert jailed for 18 years for Exeter bomb attack". The Times (London) . Retrieved 2010-05-08. ^ http://www.johnrobison.com/about_john.asp ^ Herera, Sue (February 25, 2005). "Mild autism has 'selective advantages. MSNBC '" . Retrieved 2007-11-08. ^ Fox, Andrea Fox (1 June 2006). "Calling New Zealand home" (83). Unlimited . Retrieved 2007-11-08. ^ "BIO - Savant" . Retrieved 2013-12-08. ^ "Asperger's syndrome: A special report". The Infinite Mind. September 12, 2007 . Retrieved 2007-11-08. ^ "Authorized Alan Wilson memorial and informational website" . Retrieved 2014-04-24. ^ Davis, Rebecca (2013, 2nd ed.). . Blind Owl Blues. p. 5. Blind Owl Blues: The Mysterious Life and Death of Blues Legend Alan Wilson ISBN 0615792987 . Retrieved 24 April 2014. ^ "Q&A: Owl City's Adam Young on Collaborating With Shaquille O'Neal and (Unrelated) Not Soiling His Drawers". ^ Harmon, Amy (December 20, 2004). "How About Not 'Curing' Us, Some Autistics Are Pleading". New York Times . Retrieved 2007-11-07. ^ Zwerdling, Daniel (April 2002). "Kill Them With Kindness". American RadioWorks . Retrieved 2007-11-08. ^ http://autism.lovetoknow.com/Famous_People_with_Autism ^ Mor, Caiseal. A Blessing and a Curse: Autism and Me, Jessica Kingsley Publishers, 2007. ^ Cameron, Lindsley. The Music of Light: The Extraordinary Story of Hikari and Kenzaburo Oe, Simon & Schuster, 1998. ISBN 0-684-82409-4 ^ "Channel One Highlights Newsmakers for the Week of December 12, 2005". Business Wire (Findarticles.com). December 16, 2005 . Retrieved 2007-11-08. ^ Olney,Marjorie F (October–December 2000). "Working with Autism and Other Social-Communication Disorders". Journal of Rehabilitation (Findarticles.com) . Retrieved 2007-11-08. ^ Smukler, David (February 2005). "Unauthorized minds: how "theory of mind" theory misrepresents autism". Mental Retardation ( American Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities) 43 (1): 20–21 . Retrieved 4 January 2013. See associated article for additional references. ^ Amanda Baggs: ^ http://www.wordjourneys.com/articlessinterviews/balin/balin2.htm |accessdate=~May 20, 2010 ^ Lucy's Story, Jessica Kingsley Publishers, 2001 ISBN 1-84310-042-8 ^ "BRECEL JOINS 110SPORT". Snooker Scene Blog. 14 January 2010 . Retrieved 4 December 2012. ^ AAP (5 December 2010). "Martin Bryant's mum speaks out". The Age (Melbourne) . Retrieved 9 December 2013. ^ Treffert, Darold. "Tony DeBlois - A Prodigious Musical Savant". Wisconsin Medical Society . Retrieved 2007-11-07. ^ Pearce, Nick (2012-09-02). "Jessica-Jane Applegate become first intellectually disabled Brit to win gold at 2012 Paralympic Games". The Daily Telegraph (London) . Retrieved 2012-09-02. ^ "World record holder overcomes massive personal challenges" . Retrieved 5 February 2013. ^ Hattenstone, Simon (2010-04-03). "How disco helped my autistic son". The Guardian (London). ^ Stanley, Alessandra (2007-01-26). "Reality Check for a Generation That Knows Best". The New York Times . Retrieved 2008-07-12. ^ His Majesty the King of Thailand has inspired Members of his own Family to be actively involved in development projects. ^ . Christopher Knowles at Gavin Brown ^ a b c Treffert, Darold A. and Gregory L. Wallace (2003). "Islands of Genius" (PDF). Scientific American, Inc . Retrieved 2007-11-08. ^ Jonathan Lerman: ^ "Autistic Teen's Hoop Dreams Come True". CBS News. February 23, 2006 . Retrieved 2007-11-08. ^ Treffert, Darold. "Thristan "Tum-Tum" Mendoza - A Child Prodigy Marimbist With Autism from the Philippines". Wisconsin Medical Society . Retrieved 2007-11-07. ^ Tito Mukhopadhyay: ^ Treffert, Darold. "Derek Paravicini - A Talent and Love for Music". Wisconsin Medical Society . Retrieved 2007-11-07. ^ James Henry Pullen: ^ Matt Savage: ^ Olney,Marjorie F (October–December 2000). "Working with Autism and Other Social-Communication Disorders". Journal of Rehabilitation (Findarticles.com) . Retrieved 2007-11-08. ^ Treffert, Darold. "Henriett Seth F. - Rain Girl". Wisconsin Medical Society . Retrieved 2007-11-07. ^ Johnson, Richard (February 12, 2005). "A genius explains". London: The Guardian . Retrieved 2007-11-08. ^ Casteel, Jay (March 3, 2011). "Autistic Rapper 50 Tyson Partners with Autism Society of Minnesota for Annual Walk". Ballerstatus.com . Retrieved 2012-09-14. ^ "Unlocking the brain's potential". BBC News. 10 March 2001 . Retrieved 2007-11-08. ^ "NASA Studying 'Rain Man's' Brain". Space.com. November 8, 2004 . Retrieved 2007-09-14. ^ Wulff, Jane (November 2006). "Kim Peek and Fran Peek: 'I am important to know you (PDF). Multnomah Education Service District. Archived from '" the original on 2008-02-29 . Retrieved 2007-09-18. ^ Opitz JM, Smith JF, Santoro L (2008). "The FG syndromes (Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man 305450): perspective in 2008". Adv Pediatr 55: 123–70. doi: 10.1016/j.yapd.2008.07.014. PMID 19048730.