Eleven people have won all four major annual American entertainment awards, the Emmy, Grammy, Oscar, and Tony. Doing so may be abbreviated EGOT, or sometimes GATE ("A" for "Academy"). These awards honor outstanding achievements in, respectively, television, music or other audio recording, film, and theater. Winning all four awards has been referred to as winning the Grand Slam of show business. The acronym EGOT was invented by actor Philip Michael Thomas and has since gained certain popularity because of its use as a plot device in several episodes of the TV series 30 Rock.
Winners of all four awards
To date, eleven artists have won all four awards in competitive categories. They are: actors John Gielgud, Helen Hayes, Audrey Hepburn, Rita Moreno, Whoopi Goldberg; composers Marvin Hamlisch, Richard Rodgers, and Jonathan Tunick; director/screenwriter Mel Brooks; director Mike Nichols; and producer Scott Rudin. Of the eleven, two—Marvin Hamlisch and Richard Rodgers—have also won the Pulitzer Prize.
Three other performers, Liza Minnelli, James Earl Jones and Barbra Streisand, have also won all four awards, although one of the awards was non-competitive, i.e. special or honorary in nature (Streisand's Tony, Minnelli's Grammy, and Jones's Oscar).
The eleven artists who have won competitive awards are listed below.
- 1. The artist subsequently won an additional competitive award (or awards).
- 2. The artist also received an honorary or non-competitive award (or awards).
The following are the three artists whose awards were not exclusively competitive, but also included special or honorary awards.
|Artist||Year||1st Award||2nd Award||3rd Award||4th Award|
|Barbra Streisand||1970||1963||Grammy Award||1965||Emmy Award||1968||Academy Award||1970||Special Tony Award|
|Liza Minnelli||1990||1965||Tony Award||1972||Academy Award||1973||Emmy Award||1990||Special Grammy Award|
|James Earl Jones||2011||1969||Tony Award||1977||Grammy Award||1991||Emmy Award||2011||Special Academy Award|
Qualifying awards summary (competitive only)
Richard Rodgers (1902–1979), a composer, received his fourth distinct award in 1962. Between 1945 and 1979, Rodgers received a total of 13 awards.
- 1945: Best Song - "It Might as Well Be Spring" from State Fair
- 1962: Outstanding Achievement in Original Music Composed - Winston Churchill: The Valiant Years
- 1960: Best Show Album (Original Cast) - The Sound of Music
- 1962: Best Original Cast Show Album - No Strings
- 1950: Best Musical - South Pacific
- 1950: Tony Award for Producers, Musical - South Pacific
- 1950: Best Score - South Pacific
- 1952: Best Musical - The King and I
- 1960: Best Musical - The Sound of Music
- 1962: Best Composer - No Strings
- 1962: Special Tony Award "for all he has done for young people in the theatre and for taking the men of the orchestra out of the pit and putting them onstage in No Strings"
- 1972: Special Tony Award
- 1979: Special Tony Award, Lawrence Langner Memorial Award for Distinguished Lifetime Achievement in the American Theatre
became the second person and first woman to win all four awards in 1976.
Helen Hayes (1900–1993), an actress, received her fourth distinct award in 1976. Between 1932 and 1980, Hayes received a total of 7 awards. She was the first woman to win all four awards. She also has the distinction of the longest timespan (44 years) between her first and last award of any Showbiz Award Grand Slam winner.
- 1932: Best Actress in a Leading Role - The Sin of Madelon Claudet
- 1970: Best Actress in a Supporting Role - Airport
- 1953: Best Actress - Schlitz Playhouse of Stars for the episode "Not a Chance"
- 1976: Best Spoken Word Recording - Great American Documents
- 1947: Best Actress, Dramatic - Happy Birthday
- 1958: Best Actress, Dramatic - Time Remembered
- 1980: Special Tony Award, Lawrence Langner Memorial Award for Distinguished Lifetime Achievement in the American Theatre
became the third person and first Hispanic person to win all four awards in 1977.
Rita Moreno (born 1931), an actress, received her fourth distinct award in 1977. Between 1961 and 1978, Moreno received a total of five awards. She is also the first Hispanic winner, the first winner to have won a Grammy in a singing category, and the first winner to win a Grammy as their second award (both previous winners won Tonys as their second award).
- 1961: Best Actress in a Supporting Role - West Side Story
- 1977: Outstanding Continuing or Single Performance by a Supporting Actress in Variety or Music - The Muppet Show
- 1978: Outstanding Lead Actress for a Single Appearance in a Drama or Comedy Series - The Rockford Files for the episode "The Paper Palace"
- 1972: Best Recording for Children - The Electric Company
- 1975: Best Featured or Supporting Actress in a Play - The Ritz
In 1991, John Gielgud
became the fourth person and, at age 87, the oldest person to ever win all four awards.
John Gielgud (1904–2000), an actor, received his fourth distinct award in 1991. Between 1948 and 1991, Gielgud received a total of six awards. Gielgud was the first winner to win any award other than the Oscar as their first award (his first award was a Tony). At age 87 when he won his Emmy, he was also the oldest winner.
- 1981: Best Actor in a Supporting Role - Arthur
- 1991: Outstanding Lead Actor in a Miniseries or Special - Summer's Lease
- 1979: Best Spoken Word, Documentary or Drama Recording - Ages of Man
- 1948: Outstanding Foreign Company - The Importance of Being Earnest
- 1961: Best Director of a Drama - Big Fish, Little Fish
- 1959: Special Tony Award "for contribution to theatre for his extraordinary insight into the writings of Shakespeare as demonstrated in his one-man play Ages of Man"
became the fifth person to win all four awards and the first person to complete the feat posthumously in 1994.
Audrey Hepburn (1929–1993), an actress, received her fourth distinct award posthumously in 1994. Between 1953 and 1994, Hepburn received a total of six awards. She was the fifth person to complete the feat and the first to do so posthumously. She was also the first winner to win two of their awards in consecutive awards shows (the 1994 Grammys were the first Grammys since her win at the 1993 Emmys).
- 1953: Best Actress in a Leading Role - Roman Holiday
- 1993: Outstanding Individual Achievement, Informational Programming - Gardens of the World with Audrey Hepburn
- 1994: Best Spoken Word Album for Children - Audrey Hepburn's Enchanted Tales
- 1954: Best Actress in a Drama - Ondine
- 1968: Special Tony Award, Special Achievement Award
- 1993: Special Academy Award, Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award
(shown with his wife Terre Blair) became the sixth person to win all four awards in 1995. He has the most Oscars of any EGOT winners, and he's tied with Barbra Streisand for most Grammys.
Marvin Hamlisch (1944–2012), a composer, received his fourth distinct award in 1995. Between 1973 and 2001, Hamlisch received a total of 12 awards. Hamlisch has the most Oscars of any Grand Slam winners (three). He was the first winner to have won "General Field" Grammys (Song of the Year and Best New Artist). He was also the only Grand Slam winner to have won multiple awards for the same work ("The Way We Were" won both the Oscar for Best Original Song and the Grammy for Song of the Year).
- 1973: Best Music, Original Dramatic Score - The Way We Were
- 1973: Best Music, Original Song - "The Way We Were"
- 1973: Best Music, Scoring Original Song Score and/or Adaptation - The Sting
- 1995: Outstanding Individual Achievement in Music Direction - Barbra: The Concert
- 1995: Outstanding Individual Achievement in Music and Lyrics - Barbra: The Concert
- 1999: Outstanding Music and Lyrics - AFI's 100 Years... 100 Movies
- 2001: Outstanding Music Direction - Timeless: Live in Concert
- 1974: Song of the Year - "The Way We Were"
- 1974: Best New Artist of the Year
- 1974: Best Pop Instrumental Performance - The Entertainer
- 1974: Album of Best Original Score Written for a Motion Picture or a Television Special - The Way We Were
- 1976: Best Musical Score - A Chorus Line
Jonathan Tunick (born 1938), a composer, conductor, and music arranger, received his fourth distinct award in 1997. Between 1977 and 1997, Tunick received a total of four awards. Tunick is the first Grand Slam winner to have won an Emmy as their second award as well as the first to win the Tony as their fourth award.
- 1977: Best Music, Original Song Score and Its Adaptation or Best Adaptation Score - A Little Night Music
- 1982: Outstanding Achievement in Music Direction - Night of 100 Stars
- 1988: Best Instrumental Arrangement Accompanying Vocals - "No One is Alone," Cleo Laine
- 1997: Best Orchestrations - Titanic
became the eighth person to win all four awards in 2001 as well as the first person to win the Emmy as the first of the four awards.
Mel Brooks (born 1926), a director, writer and actor, received his fourth distinct award in June 2001. Between 1968 and 2002, Brooks received a total of 11 awards. Brooks was the first person to win the Emmy as the first award, and the first winner to have won their Oscar for screenplay writing.
- 1968: Best Writing, Story and Screenplay Written Directly for the Screen - The Producers
- 1967: Outstanding Writing Achievement in Variety - The Sid Caesar, Imogene Coca, Carl Reiner, Howard Morris Special
- 1997: Outstanding Guest Actor in a Comedy Series - Mad About You
- 1998: Outstanding Guest Actor in a Comedy Series - Mad About You
- 1999: Outstanding Guest Actor in a Comedy Series - Mad About You
- 1998: Best Spoken Comedy Album - The 2000 Year Old Man in the Year 2000
- 2002: Best Long Form Music Video - Recording 'The Producers': A Musical Romp with Mel Brooks
- 2002: Best Musical Show Album - The Producers
- 2001: Best Book of a Musical - The Producers
- 2001: Best Original Score - The Producers
- 2001: Best Musical - The Producers
Mike Nichols (born 1931), a director, received his fourth distinct award in November 2001. Between 1961 and 2012, Nichols received a total of 15 awards. Nichols was the first person to complete the Grand Slam in the same year in which another individual (Mel Brooks) had previously completed it. Nichols was also the first slam winner to win the Grammy as their first award, the first winner to have won multiple awards (an Oscar, several Tonys, and two Emmys) for directing, and has the most Tony Awards (9) of any Grand Slam winner.
- 1967: Best Director - The Graduate
- 2001: Outstanding Directing for a Miniseries, Movie or a Special - Wit
- 2001: Outstanding Made for Television Movie - Wit as Executive Producer
- 2004: Outstanding Directing for a Miniseries, Movie or a Special - Angels in America
- 2004: Outstanding Miniseries - Angels in America as Executive Producer
- 1961: Best Comedy Performance - An Evening With Mike Nichols And Elaine May
- 1964: Best Director, Dramatic - Barefoot in the Park
- 1965: Best Director, Dramatic - Luv and The Odd Couple
- 1968: Best Director, Dramatic - Plaza Suite
- 1972: Best Director, Dramatic - The Prisoner of Second Avenue
- 1977: Best Musical - Annie as Producer
- 1984: Best Director, Play - The Real Thing
- 1984: Best Play - The Real Thing as Producer
- 2005: Best Director, Musical - Monty Python's Spamalot
- 2012: Best Director, Play - Death of a Salesman
became the tenth winner, first winner to win two of their awards in the same year, and first African American winner in 2002.
Whoopi Goldberg (born 1955), an actress, comedian and talk-show host, received her fourth distinct award in 2002. Between 1985 and 2009, Goldberg received a total of 6 awards. Goldberg is the first African American winner, the first to win the Oscar as their second award, and the first to win two of their awards in the same year (she won both her first Daytime Emmy and her Tony in 2002).
- 1990: Best Actress in a Supporting Role - Ghost
- 2002: Outstanding Special Class Special - Beyond Tara: The Extraordinary Life of Hattie McDaniel (Host)
- 2009: Outstanding Talk Show Host - The View (co-host)
- 1985: Best Comedy Recording - Whoopi Goldberg—Original Broadway Show Recording
- 2002: Best Musical - Thoroughly Modern Millie (co-producer)
- 1997: Special Emmy Award, Governors Award, for the seven Comic Relief Benefit Specials
Notes: Although she has never won a competitive Primetime Emmy award, she has been nominated several times. The fact that she does not have a competitive Primetime Emmy Award has led to debate over her inclusion in the "official list." In the 30 Rock episode "Dealbreakers Talk Show #0001", Goldberg (playing herself) addresses this when questioned by character Tracy Jordan about her Daytime Emmy: "It still counts! A girl's gotta eat!"
Scott Rudin (born 1958) received his fourth distinct award in 2012. Between 1984 and 2012, Rudin received a total of 11 awards. Rudin is the most recent winner, and the first winner who was primarily a producer.
- 2007: Best Picture, No Country For Old Men (co-producer)
- 1984: Outstanding Children's Program - He Makes Me Feel Like Dancin'
- 2012: Best Musical Theater Album - The Book of Mormon
- 1994: Best Musical - Passion
- 2000: Best Play - Copenhagen
- 2005: Best Play - Doubt
- 2006: Best Play - The History Boys
- 2009: Best Play - God of Carnage
- 2010: Best Revival of a Play - Fences
- 2011: Best Musical - The Book of Mormon (co-producer)
- 2012: Best Revival of a Play - Death of a Salesman
Qualifying awards summary (including non-competitive awards)
The following artists have also received all of the four major awards, however in each case one of these awards has been received only in an honorary or other non-competitive category. (Streisand has never received a competitive Tony, Minnelli has never received a competitive Grammy and Jones has never received a competitive Oscar.)
Barbra Streisand became the youngest winner in 1970. With just seven years elapsing between her first Grammy and her Tony, she also completed the feat in the shortest amount of time of any winner. However her Tony is a non-competitive award.
Barbra Streisand (born 1942), a singer and actress, received her fourth distinct award in 1970. Between 1963 and 2001, Streisand received a total of 18 awards. Streisand has the highest number of awards (18) of any grand slam winner, as well as the highest number of Grammy wins by a grand slam winner (9), which is also the highest number of wins for any grand slam winner for a specific one of the four awards. Having completed the Showbiz Award Grand Slam at age 28, she is the youngest winner, and with just seven years elapsing between her first award (a 1963 Grammy) and her final award (a 1970 Special Tony), Streisand also completed the Grand Slam in the shortest amount of time. She is also the only winner to have won an Oscar in both a music and an acting category.
- 1968: Best Actress in a Leading Role - Funny Girl
- 1977: Best Music, Song - "Evergreen (Love Theme from A Star Is Born)"
- 1965: Outstanding Individual Achievements in Entertainment - Actors and Performers - My Name is Barbra
- 1995: Outstanding Individual Performance in a Variety or Music Program - Barbra Streisand: The Concert
- 1995: Outstanding Variety, Music or Comedy Special - Barbra Streisand: The Concert
- 2001: Outstanding Individual Performance in a Variety or Music Program - Timeless: Live in Concert
- 1963: Best Vocal Performance, Female - The Barbra Streisand Album
- 1963: Album Of The Year (Other Than Classical) - The Barbra Streisand Album
- 1964: Best Score From An Original Cast Show Album - Funny Girl
- 1964: Best Vocal Performance, Female - "People" (from the musical Funny Girl)
- 1965: Best Vocal Performance, Female - My Name Is Barbra
- 1977: Best Pop Vocal Performance, Female - "Evergreen (Love Theme from A Star Is Born)"
- 1977: Song Of The Year, "Evergreen (Love Theme from A Star Is Born)"
- 1980: Best Pop Performance By A Duo Or Group With Vocal - "Guilty" (with Barry Gibb)
- 1986: Best Pop Vocal Performance, Female - The Broadway Album
- 1992: Special Grammy Award: Grammy Legend Award (non-competitive)
- 1995: Special Grammy Award: Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award (non-competitive)
- 1970: Special Tony Award (non-competitive)
Liza Minnelli has each of the four awards, having won her fourth in 1990, but her Grammy is a non-competitive award.
Liza Minnelli (born 1946), an actress and singer, received her fourth distinct award in 1990. Between 1965 and 2009, Minnelli received a total of 6 awards.
- 1972: Best Actress in a Leading Role (Cabaret)
- 1973: Outstanding Single Program − Variety and Popular Music (Liza with a ‘Z’. A Concert for Television)
- 1990: Special Grammy Award: Grammy Legend Award (non-competitive)
- 1965: Best Leading Actress in a Musical (Flora the Red Menace)
- 1974: Special Tony Award for "adding lustre to the Broadway season" (non-competitive)
- 1978: Best Leading Actress in a Musical (The Act)
- 2009: Best Special Theatrical Event (Liza's at the Palace)
James Earl Jones
James Earl Jones has each of the four awards, having won his fourth in 2012, but his Oscar is a non-competitive award.
James Earl Jones (born 1931), an actor received his fourth distinct award in 2011. Between 1969 and 2011, Jones received a total of 7 awards.
- 2011: Academy Honorary Award (non-competitive)
- 1991: Outstanding Lead Actor − Drama Series (Gabriel's Fire)
- 1991: Outstanding Supporting Actor − Miniseries or a Movie (Heat Wave)
- 2000: Outstanding Performer − Children's Special (Summer's End)
- 1977: Best Spoken Word Album (Great American Documents)
- 1969: Best Leading Actor in a Play (The Great White Hope)
- 1987: Best Leading Actor in a Play (Fences)
Three competitive awards
The following people have each won three out of the four major entertainment awards in competitive categories. Winning three of the four awards has been called a 3GOT (a play on the term EGOT), with the four combinations referred to as EGO, TOE, GOT, and GET.
- † Person is deceased.
- ^ In 1996, Julie Andrews refused a Tony Award nomination for her role in Victor/Victoria in protest of the fact that the production received no other nominations.
- ^ In addition to both an Academy Award and a Grammy Award in 1961, Ramin won a Daytime Emmy Award in 1982.
- ^ Barbra Streisand also won a Special Tony Award in 1970.
- ^ Winning an Academy Award, an Emmy Award, and a Tony Award in their respective acting categories is known as winning the "Triple Crown" of acting awards.
- ^ Bob Fosse won all three awards in the same year, 1973.
- ^ Liza Minnelli also won a Grammy Legends Award in 1990.
- ^ In 1953, Thomas Mitchell became the first actor ever to win the "Triple Crown of Acting".
- ^ Tony Walton is the only costume/set designer to win all three of these awards.
- ^ James Earl Jones also received an Academy Honorary Award in 2011.
In addition to the above winners, the following people have each won three out of the four major entertainment awards in either competitive categories or noncompetitive special and honorary categories.
- Fred Astaire won three competitive Emmy awards, a Special Academy Award, and a Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award.
- Irving Berlin won an Academy Award, a Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award, and a competitive Tony award.
- Walt Disney won 26 competitive Academy Awards, seven competitive Emmy Awards, and a Grammy Trustees Award.
- Judy Garland won an Academy Juvenile Award, a competitive Grammy Award, and a Special Tony Award.
- Eileen Heckart won a competitive Academy Award, a competitive Emmy Award, and a Special Tony Award.
- Quincy Jones won the Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award (a non-competitive Academy Award), an Emmy Award, and 27 competitive Grammy Awards.
- Barry Manilow won two competitive Emmy Awards, a competitive Grammy Award, and a Special Tony Award.
- Bette Midler won three competitive Emmy Awards, three competitive Grammy Awards, and a Special Tony Award.
- Eli Wallach won a competitive Tony Award, a competitive Emmy Award, and an Academy Honorary Award.
The following people have not won all four awards in competitive categories, but have received at least one nomination for each of the awards:
Notes: While Judy Garland and Bette Midler never received any Tony nominations, they have each won a Special Tony Award, in addition to receiving at least one nomination in competitive categories for each of the other three awards. Only one artist, Lynn Redgrave, has been nominated at least once for each of the four awards without winning any.
- ^ More Awards Programs, More Winners, More Money - The New York Times - May 22, 1995
- ^ McIntee, Michael (January, 12, 2010). "Wahoo Gazette Tuesday, January, 12, 2010 Show #3244". CBS. http://www.cbs.com/late_night/late_show/the_wahoo_gazette. Retrieved January, 22, 2010.
- ^ a b c Women on the Web: The Liz Smith Column
- ^ Sheehan, Paul (2 April 2007). "Emmy alert: what to watch on TV". The Envelope (Los Angeles Times). http://theenvelope.latimes.com/awards/emmys/env-emmywatch-2apr2,0,4926867.story?coll=env-home-headlines. Retrieved 1 January 2010.
- ^ Graham, Renee (19 August 2003). "Looking to the stars for a little Hope". Boston Globe. http://www.boston.com/ae/celebrity/articles/2003/08/19/looking_to_the_stars_for_a_little_hope/. Retrieved 1 January 2010.
- ^ 
- ^ 
- ^ Castro, Iván A. (2006). "Rita Moreno". 100 Hispanics you should know. Libraries Unlimited. ISBN 1-59158-327-6. http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=4LAlzSWRQMQC&pg=PA188#v=onepage&q=&f=false.
- ^ Simonson, Robert (4 June 2001). "With Producers, Mel Brooks Has Won Tony, Oscar, Grammy and Emmy". Playbill. http://www.playbill.com/news/article/60601-With_Producers_Mel_Brooks_Has_Won_Tony_Oscar_Grammy_and_Emmy. Retrieved 1 January 2010.
- ^ Waldron, Clarence (14 April 2008). "The view according to Whoopi". Jet. http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=jTsDAAAAMBAJ&pg=PA60#v=onepage&q=&f=false. Retrieved 1 January 2010.
- ^ O'Neil, Tom (15 August 2008). "Who will be the next winner of the showbiz awards grand slam?". Gold Derby (Los Angeles Times). http://goldderby.latimes.com/awards_goldderby/2008/08/article-7381529.html. Retrieved 1 January 2010.
- ^ "Adding Drama to a Musical, Andrews Spurns the Tonys" - Peter Marks, The New York Times, 9th May 1996
- ^ 
|Combined Major Oscars|
|Combined Major Awards|